CN102699961B - Numerical control wood working lathe and carving integrated machine - Google Patents

Numerical control wood working lathe and carving integrated machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102699961B
CN102699961B CN201210220384.9A CN201210220384A CN102699961B CN 102699961 B CN102699961 B CN 102699961B CN 201210220384 A CN201210220384 A CN 201210220384A CN 102699961 B CN102699961 B CN 102699961B
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drive motors
screw mandrel
engraving
driving
clamping head
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CN102699961A (en
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张程
陈海涛
王玉波
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NANJING OUKE NUMERICAL CONTROL EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.
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张程
陈海涛
王玉波
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Abstract

The invention relates to a numerical control wood working lathe and carving integrated machine, and belongs to the technical field of wood-working machinery. The numerical control wood working lathe and carving integrated machine comprise a machine frame, a cross beam, a vertical driving mechanism, a cutter device, a horizontal driving mechanism, a vertical driving mechanism and a workpiece clamping driving mechanism. The cross beam is arranged on the upper part of the machine frame, and the vertical driving mechanism is arranged on the cross beam. The vertical driving mechanism comprises a first driving motor, a first motor fixing seat, a first block, a vertical guide rail, a first screw rod, a first connecting block, a vertical guide rail mounting board and a vertical planker. The cutter device comprises a cutter frame, a lathe tool frame, a carving cutter, a lathe tool, a lathe tool fixing plate, an adjusting screw and a motor. The vertical driving mechanism comprises a vertical worktable, a vertical guide rail, a fourth sliding block, a third driving motor, a third motor fixing seat, a third screw rod, a third connecting block and a third bearing supporting block. The horizontal driving mechanism comprises a horizontal worktable, a horizontal guide rail, a third sliding block, a second driving motor, a second motor fixing seat, a second screw rod, a second connecting block and a second bearing supporting block.

Description

Numerical-control wood processing lathe, engraving all-in-one machine
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is a kind of numerical-control wood processing lathe, engraving all-in-one machine, belongs to woodworking machinery technical field.
Background technology
In the prior art, if carpenter's workpiece need to be realized the processing of turning and engraving, need on wood-turning machine and wood-worker engraving machine, successively to complete separately respectively, because wood-turning machine and engraving machine all need workpiece to carry out accurate fixed point location, the in the situation that of existing manual positioning, cannot realize accurate fusion, reduce the machining accuracy of carpenter's workpiece.Existing wood-turning machine only has one to two processing stations in addition, due to the workpiece of some wooden part for producing in enormous quantities, or standard component, therefore hardness ag(e)ing rate is lower, simultaneously most lathes adopt manual operations or regulate the position of processing work, automaticity is lower, the wood-turning machine of existing two stations is as Chinese patent 200720158288.0, its disclosed two machining position designs for vertical direction, be not easy to install carpenter's workpiece, if and there is landing or fracture will affect the processing of the workpiece of station below in the carpenter's workpiece on station above, cause fluctuation of service.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is for above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art part, provide that a kind of efficiency is higher, automaticity is high, easy operating, stable numerical-control wood processing lathe, engraving all-in-one machine.It has energy multistation simultaneously by axle center rotational workpieces, and can complete turning and the engraving process of carpenter's workpiece in batches simultaneously.
numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine are to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of numerical-control wood processing lathe, engraving all-in-one machine comprise frame, crossbeam, vertical driving mechanism, cutter arrangement, transversal driving mechanism, longitudinal driving mechanism, piece-holder driving mechanism.
Crossbeam is arranged on upper rack, and vertical driving mechanism is arranged on crossbeam.Described vertical driving mechanism comprises drive motors one, motor fixing seat one, slide block one, perpendicular guide rail, screw mandrel one, contiguous block one, perpendicular guide rails assembling plate and perpendicular planker, perpendicular guide rails assembling plate is arranged on crossbeam, perpendicular guide rails assembling is on perpendicular guide rails assembling plate, on perpendicular guide rail, slide block one is installed, drive motors one is arranged on perpendicular guide rails assembling plate by motor fixing seat one, screw mandrel one is arranged on perpendicular guide rails assembling plate by bearings piece one, screw mandrel one is connected with drive motors one output shaft, contiguous block one is arranged on screw mandrel one, can move around along screw mandrel one; Perpendicular planker is arranged on slide block one, is connected with contiguous block one.
Cutter arrangement comprises toolframe, tool holder, engraving cutter, lathe tool, lathe tool fixed head, set screw and motor, and toolframe is arranged on perpendicular planker, and motor is arranged on toolframe, and engraving cutter is arranged on motor output shaft.Lathe tool is arranged on tool holder by lathe tool fixed head, and tool holder is arranged on toolframe by set screw, has set screw regulating tank is installed on tool holder, can fix and regulate the upper-lower position of tool holder on toolframe.
Drive motors one drives screw mandrel one rotation, drives contiguous block one to move up and down, then drives perpendicular planker to move up and down, thereby drives the engraving cutter bottom and top feed by motor-driven High Rotation Speed on toolframe to move, and carves carpenter's workpiece.
Drive motors one drives screw mandrel one rotation, drives contiguous block one to move up and down, then drives perpendicular planker to move up and down, thereby drives the lathe tool bottom and top feed motion on tool holder, carrys out turning carpenter workpiece.
Longitudinal driving mechanism comprises longitudinal workbench, vertical guide rail, slide block four, drive motors three, motor firm banking three, screw mandrel three, contiguous block three and bearings piece three.Vertical guide rails assembling is in frame, longitudinally workbench is arranged on vertical guide rail by slide block four, screw mandrel three is arranged in frame by bearings piece three, contiguous block three is arranged on longitudinal workbench bottom and matches with screw mandrel three, can vertically move along screw mandrel three, drive motors three is fixedly mounted in frame by motor fixing seat three, and screw mandrel three is connected with the output shaft of drive motors three.Described vertical guide rail adopts rectangular guideway.
Because longitudinal workbench is arranged on vertical guide rail by slide block four, contiguous block three is arranged on longitudinal workbench bottom and matches with screw mandrel three, when drive motors three drives screw mandrel three to rotate, will drive longitudinal workbench longitudinally to slidably reciprocate along vertical guide rail by contiguous block three.
Transversal driving mechanism comprises horizontal work level, cross rail, slide block three, drive motors two, motor fixing seat two, screw mandrel two, contiguous block two, bearings piece two.Cross rail is arranged on longitudinal workbench, horizontal work level is arranged on cross rail by slide block three, screw mandrel two is arranged on longitudinal workbench by bearings piece two, and drive motors two is arranged on longitudinal workbench by motor fixing seat two, and screw mandrel two is connected with drive motors two output shafts.
Because horizontal work level is arranged on cross rail by slide block three, screw mandrel two is arranged on longitudinal workbench by bearings piece two, when drive motors two drives screw mandrel two rotation, will drive horizontal work level to pass through slide block three along cross rail transverse shifting by contiguous block two.
Piece-holder driving mechanism comprises piece-holder guide rail, cushion block two, slide block two, top installing plate, top, cushion block one, Workpiece clamping head installing plate, Workpiece clamping head assembly, drive motors four, decelerator, shaft joint, turning motor and driving belt.Cushion block two is arranged on horizontal work level top, and piece-holder guide rails assembling is on cushion block two tops, and slide block two is fixed on top installing plate bottom, and top installing plate is arranged on piece-holder guide rail by slide block two, can move around along piece-holder guide rail.Workpiece clamping head installing plate is fixed on cushion block two tops by cushion block one, Workpiece clamping head assembly is arranged on Workpiece clamping head installing plate by decelerator, several decelerators are in series by shaft joint, drive motors four is arranged on Workpiece clamping head installing plate one side, and the power shaft of the decelerator of close drive motors four is connected with the output shaft of drive motors four.Turning motor is arranged on Workpiece clamping head installing plate bottom, and turning motor is by belt pulley, driving belt transmission Workpiece clamping head assembly.
Described Workpiece clamping head assembly comprises belt pulley, drive flange, plane bearing, reducer output shaft, bearing one, bearing two, Workpiece clamping head, set bolt and switching bolt.Drive flange, plane bearing are fixedly mounted on reducer output shaft, in belt pulley one end, bearing one are housed, and the other end is equipped with bearing two, and belt pulley is arranged on reducer output shaft, and belt pulley front end is provided with Workpiece clamping head and adopts set bolt to fix.
When numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine need to carry out carpenter's workpiece engraving, first by set screw, tool holder is moved up, to do not affect the work of graver, then switching bolt is installed is connected belt pulley with drive flange, drive motors four gearing speed-reducers 39 drive drive flange, belt pulley jointly to rotate, thereby drive Workpiece clamping head rotation to make carpenter's workpiece complete rotation engraving.Now turning motor quits work, and numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine only carry out Carving Machining and do not carry out turning processing carpenter's workpiece.
When numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine need to carry out the turning of carpenter's workpiece, by set screw, tool holder is moved down, guarantee that the engraving cutter on toolframe does not affect cutting, then switching bolt is unloaded, drive flange will be separated with belt pulley, at this moment start turning motor and rotate by driving belt driving pulley, thereby drive Workpiece clamping head rotation to make carpenter's workpiece complete rotation turning.
Carpenter's workpiece is installed on horizontal work level, by Workpiece clamping head and top clamping, drive motors four gearing speed-reducers, decelerator drives Workpiece clamping head assembly to rotate, thus the carpenter's workpiece that makes to be arranged on Workpiece clamping head synchronously rotates.
Described drive motors 1, drive motors 2 26, drive motors 3 24 and drive motors 4 36 all adopt commercially available servomotor.
In above-mentioned numerical-control wood processing lathe, engraving all-in-one machine, described turning motor, drive motors one, drive motors two, drive motors three and drive motors four are all connected with electronic numerical control system.Each drive motors is controlled by electronic numerical control system.The electronic numerical control system here all can be buied from the market, under the control of electronic numerical control system, according to the step of programming, control perpendicular planker, horizontal work level and longitudinal movable workbench, with the rotation of controlling Workpiece clamping head assembly, realization engraving cutter, lathe tool carry out four-dimensional stereo carving and turning to carpenter's workpiece.
Above-mentioned four-dimensional stereo carving and turning refer to, vertical driving mechanism drives perpendicular planker to move up and down along perpendicular guide rail, realize engraving cutter, movement in lathe tool vertical direction, transversal driving mechanism drives horizontal work level to realize carpenter's workpiece with respect to engraving cutter, lathe tool transverse shifting, longitudinal driving mechanism drives longitudinal workbench to realize carpenter's workpiece with respect to engraving cutter, lathe tool movement in the vertical, piece-holder driving mechanism drives carpenter's workpiece of Workpiece clamping head and top clamping relative and carve cutter, lathe tool rotates, thereby four-dimensional stereo carving and turning to carpenter's workpiece have been realized.
In above-mentioned numerical-control wood processing lathe, engraving all-in-one machine, described engraving cutter, lathe tool, top, decelerator and Workpiece clamping head assembly all at least arrange 2, and quantity is corresponding one by one.
Numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine compared with prior art advantage are as follows:
1, numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine, integrate numerical-control wood processing lathe and digital controlled stereo engraving all-in-one machine technology, carpenter's workpiece that it has the turning treated and engraving carries out synchronous pinpoint location, after turning step completes without clamping workpiece again, directly on numerical-control wood processing lathe, engraving all-in-one machine, carrying out numerical controlled carving on the same stage, improve the machining accuracy of carpenter's workpiece, reduced human cost and the equipment cost of enterprise.
2, numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine have energy multistation simultaneously by axle center rotational workpieces, and can complete the turning process of carpenter's workpiece in batches.Change the present situation that existing wood-turning machine only has 1 to 2 station, the processing stations of at least 3 carpenter's workpiece has been set, greatly improved the efficiency of carpenter's workpiece processing, saved manpower and the cost of electric energy, played energy-saving and cost-reducing effect.
3, numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine adopt horizontal direction design station, are convenient to install a plurality of carpenter's workpiece, and each station horizontal direction independent operating, make turning operation more stable.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below with reference to accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
Fig. 1 is that the master of numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine looks perspective view.
Fig. 2 is the rear perspective structural representation of numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine.
Fig. 3 is the perspective view of removing toolframe, tool holder and clamping device of numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine.
Fig. 4 is the Workpiece clamping head modular construction schematic diagram of numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine.
In figure, 1, crossbeam, 2, frame, 3, perpendicular guide rails assembling plate, 4, perpendicular planker, 5, slide block one, 6, drive motors one, 7, motor fixing seat one, 8, perpendicular guide rail, 9, bearings piece one, 10, screw mandrel one, 11, contiguous block one, 12, bearings piece two, 13, contiguous block two, 14, slide block three, 15, cross rail, 16, longitudinal workbench, 17, screw mandrel two, 18, horizontal work level, 19, bearings piece three, 20, contiguous block three, 21, screw mandrel three, 22, slide block four, 23, vertical guide rail, 24, drive motors three, 25, motor fixing seat three, 26, drive motors two, 27, motor fixing seat two, 28, piece-holder guide rail, 29, slide block two, 30, toolframe, 31, Workpiece clamping head installing plate, 32, top installing plate, 33, top, 34, Workpiece clamping head assembly, 34-1, bearing one, 34-2, plane bearing, 34-3, drive flange, 34-4, reducer output shaft, 34-5, belt pulley, 34-6, switching bolt, 34-7, bearing two, 34-8, set bolt, 34-9, Workpiece clamping head, 35, motor, 36, drive motors four, 37, cushion block one, 38, cushion block two, 39, reductor, 40, shaft joint, 41, engraving cutter, 42, tool holder, 43, lathe tool, 44, lathe tool fixed head, 45, set screw, 46, driving belt, 47, turning motor.
The specific embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing 1,2,3,4, a kind of numerical-control wood processing lathe, engraving all-in-one machine comprise frame, crossbeam, vertical driving mechanism, cutter arrangement, transversal driving mechanism, longitudinal driving mechanism, piece-holder driving mechanism.
Crossbeam 1 is arranged on frame 2 tops, and vertical driving mechanism is arranged on crossbeam 1.Described vertical driving mechanism comprises drive motors 1, motor fixing seat 1, slide block 1, perpendicular guide rail 8, screw mandrel 1, contiguous block 1, perpendicular guide rails assembling plate 3 and perpendicular planker 4, perpendicular guide rails assembling plate 3 is arranged on crossbeam 1, perpendicular guide rail 8 is arranged on perpendicular guide rails assembling plate 3, on perpendicular guide rail 8, slide block 1 is installed, drive motors 1 is arranged on perpendicular guide rails assembling plate 3 by motor fixing seat 1, screw mandrel 1 is arranged on perpendicular guide rails assembling plate 3 by bearings piece 1, screw mandrel 1 is connected with drive motors one 6 output shafts, contiguous block 1 is arranged on screw mandrel 1, can move around along screw mandrel 1, perpendicular planker 4 is arranged on slide block 1, is connected with contiguous block 1.
Cutter arrangement comprises toolframe 30, tool holder 42, engraving cutter 41, lathe tool 43, lathe tool fixed head 44, set screw 45 and motor 35, toolframe is arranged on perpendicular planker 4, motor 35 is arranged on toolframe 30, and engraving cutter 41 is arranged on motor 35 output shafts.Lathe tool 43 is arranged on tool holder 42 by lathe tool fixed head 44, and tool holder 42 is arranged on toolframe 30 by set screw 45, has set screw 45 regulating tank is installed on tool holder 42, can fix and regulate the upper-lower position of tool holder 42 on toolframe 30.
Drive motors 1 drives screw mandrel one 10 rotations, drives contiguous block 1 to move up and down, then drives perpendicular planker 4 to move up and down, thereby drives engraving cutter 41 bottom and top feeds by motor 35 driven high-speed rotations on toolframe 30 to move, and carves carpenter's workpiece.
Drive motors 1 drives screw mandrel one 10 rotations, drives contiguous block 1 to move up and down, then drives perpendicular planker 4 to move up and down, thereby drives the lathe tool 43 bottom and top feed motions on tool holder 42, carrys out turning carpenter workpiece.
Longitudinal driving mechanism comprises longitudinal workbench 16, vertical guide rail 23, slide block 4 22, drive motors 3 24, motor firm banking 3 25, screw mandrel 3 21, contiguous block 3 20 and bearings piece 3 19.Vertical guide rail 23 is arranged in frame 2, longitudinally workbench 16 is arranged on vertical guide rail 23 by slide block 4 22, screw mandrel 3 21 is arranged in frame 2 by bearings piece 3 19, contiguous block 3 20 is arranged on longitudinal workbench 16 bottoms and matches with screw mandrel 3 21, can vertically move along screw mandrel 3 21, drive motors 3 24 is fixedly mounted in frame 2 by motor fixing seat 3 25, and screw mandrel 3 21 is connected with the output shaft of drive motors 3 24.Described vertical guide rail 23 adopts rectangular guideway.
Because longitudinal workbench 16 is arranged on vertical guide rail 23 by slide block 4 22, contiguous block 3 20 is arranged on longitudinal workbench 16 bottoms and matches with screw mandrel 3 21, when drive motors 3 24 drives screw mandrel 3 21 to rotate, will drive longitudinal workbench 16 longitudinally to slidably reciprocate along vertical guide rail 23 by contiguous block 3 20.
Transversal driving mechanism comprises horizontal work level 18, cross rail 15, slide block 3 14, drive motors 2 26, motor fixing seat 2 27, screw mandrel 2 17, contiguous block 2 13, bearings piece 2 12.Cross rail 15 is arranged on longitudinal workbench 16, horizontal work level 18 is arranged on cross rail 15 by slide block 3 14, screw mandrel 2 17 is arranged on longitudinal workbench 16 by bearings piece 2 12, drive motors 2 26 is arranged on longitudinal workbench 16 by motor fixing seat 2 27, and screw mandrel 2 17 is connected with drive motors 2 26 output shafts.
Because horizontal work level 18 is arranged on cross rail 15 by slide block 3 14, screw mandrel 2 17 is arranged on longitudinal workbench 16 by bearings piece 2 12, when drive motors 2 26 drives screw mandrel 2 17 rotation, will drive horizontal work level 18 to pass through slide block 3 14 along cross rail 15 transverse shiftings by contiguous block 2 13.
Piece-holder driving mechanism comprises piece-holder guide rail 28, cushion block 2 38, slide block 2 29, top installing plate 32, top 33, cushion block 1, Workpiece clamping head installing plate 31, Workpiece clamping head assembly 34, drive motors 4 36, decelerator 39, shaft joint 40, turning motor 47 and driving belt 46.Cushion block 2 38 is arranged on horizontal work level 18 tops, piece-holder guide rail 28 is arranged on cushion block 2 38 tops, slide block 2 29 is fixed on top installing plate 32 bottoms, and top installing plate 32 is arranged on piece-holder guide rail 28 by slide block 2 29, can move around along piece-holder guide rail 28.Workpiece clamping head installing plate 31 is fixed on cushion block 2 38 tops by cushion block 1, Workpiece clamping head assembly 34 is arranged on Workpiece clamping head installing plate 31 by decelerator 39, several decelerators 39 are in series by shaft joint, drive motors 4 36 is arranged on Workpiece clamping head installing plate 31 1 sides, and the power shaft of the decelerator 39 of close drive motors 4 36 is connected with the output shaft of drive motors 4 36.Turning motor 47 is arranged on Workpiece clamping head installing plate 31 bottoms, and turning motor 47 is by belt pulley 34-5, driving belt 46 transmission Workpiece clamping head assemblies 34.
Described Workpiece clamping head assembly 34 comprises belt pulley 34-5, drive flange 34-3, plane bearing 34-2, reducer output shaft 34-4, bearing one 34-1, bearing two 34-7, Workpiece clamping head 34-9, set bolt 34-8 and switching bolt 34-6.Drive flange 34-3, plane bearing 34-2 are fixedly mounted on reducer output shaft 34-4, in belt pulley 34-5 one end, bearing one 34-1 is housed, the other end is equipped with bearing two 34-7, it is upper that belt pulley 34-5 is arranged on reducer output shaft 34-4, and belt pulley 34-5 front end is provided with Workpiece clamping head 34-9 and adopts set bolt 34-8 to fix.
When numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine need to carry out carpenter's workpiece engraving, first by set screw 45, tool holder 42 is moved up, to do not affect the work of graver, then switching bolt 34-6 is installed is connected belt pulley 34-5 with drive flange 34-3, drive motors 4 36 gearing speed-reducers 39 drive drive flange 34-3, belt pulley 34-5 jointly to rotate, thereby drive Workpiece clamping head 34-9 rotation to make carpenter's workpiece complete rotation engraving.Now turning motor 47 quits work, and numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine only carry out Carving Machining and do not carry out turning processing carpenter's workpiece.
When numerical-control wood processing lathe of the present invention, engraving all-in-one machine need to carry out the turning of carpenter's workpiece, by set screw 45, tool holder 42 is moved down, guarantee that the engraving cutter 41 on toolframe 30 does not affect cutting, then switching bolt 34-6 is unloaded, drive flange 34-3 and belt pulley 34-5 will be separated, at this moment start turning motor 47 and rotate by driving belt 46 driving pulley 34-5, thereby drive Workpiece clamping head 34-9 rotation to make carpenter's workpiece complete rotation turning.
Carpenter's workpiece is arranged on horizontal work level 18, by Workpiece clamping head 34-9 and top 33, clamp, drive motors 4 36 gearing speed-reducers 39, decelerator 39 drives Workpiece clamping head assembly 34 to rotate, thus the carpenter's workpiece that makes to be arranged on Workpiece clamping head 34-9 synchronously rotates.
Described drive motors 1, drive motors 2 26, drive motors 3 24 and drive motors 4 36 all adopt commercially available servomotor.
In above-mentioned numerical-control wood processing lathe, engraving all-in-one machine, described turning motor 47, drive motors 1, drive motors 2 26, drive motors 3 24 and drive motors 4 36 are all connected with electronic numerical control system.Each drive motors is controlled by electronic numerical control system.The electronic numerical control system here all can be buied from the market, under the control of electronic numerical control system, according to the step of programming, controlling perpendicular planker 4, horizontal work level 18 and longitudinal workbench 16 moves, with the rotation of controlling Workpiece clamping head assembly 34, realization engraving cutter 41,43 pairs of carpenter's workpiece of lathe tool carry out four-dimensional stereo carving and turning.
Above-mentioned four-dimensional stereo carving and turning refer to, vertical driving mechanism drives perpendicular planker 4 to move up and down along perpendicular guide rail 8, realize engraving cutter 41, movement in lathe tool 43 vertical direction, transversal driving mechanism drives horizontal work level 18 to realize carpenter's workpiece with respect to engraving cutter 41, lathe tool 43 transverse shiftings, longitudinal driving mechanism drives longitudinal workbench 16 to realize carpenter's workpiece with respect to engraving cutter 41, lathe tool 43 movement in the vertical, piece-holder driving mechanism drives carpenter's workpiece of Workpiece clamping head 34-9 and top 33 clampings relative and carve cutter 41, lathe tool 43 rotates, thereby four-dimensional stereo carving and turning to carpenter's workpiece have been realized.
In above-mentioned numerical-control wood processing lathe, engraving all-in-one machine, described engraving cutter 41, lathe tool 43, top 33, decelerator 39 and Workpiece clamping head assembly 34 all at least arrange 2, and quantity is corresponding one by one.

Claims (9)

1. numerical-control wood processing lathe, an engraving all-in-one machine, is characterized in that: comprise frame, crossbeam, vertical driving mechanism, cutter arrangement, transversal driving mechanism, longitudinal driving mechanism and piece-holder driving mechanism;
Crossbeam is arranged on upper rack, vertical driving mechanism is arranged on crossbeam, described vertical driving mechanism comprises drive motors one, motor fixing seat one, slide block one, perpendicular guide rail, screw mandrel one, contiguous block one, perpendicular guide rails assembling plate and perpendicular planker, perpendicular guide rails assembling plate is arranged on crossbeam, perpendicular guide rails assembling is on perpendicular guide rails assembling plate, on perpendicular guide rail, slide block one is installed, drive motors one is arranged on perpendicular guide rails assembling plate by motor fixing seat one, screw mandrel one is arranged on perpendicular guide rails assembling plate by bearings piece one, screw mandrel one is connected with drive motors one output shaft, contiguous block one is arranged on screw mandrel one, along screw mandrel one, move around, perpendicular planker is arranged on slide block one, is connected with contiguous block one,
Cutter arrangement comprises toolframe, tool holder, engraving cutter, lathe tool, lathe tool fixed head, set screw and motor, and toolframe is arranged on perpendicular planker, and motor is arranged on toolframe, and engraving cutter is arranged on motor output shaft;
Lathe tool is arranged on tool holder by lathe tool fixed head, and tool holder is arranged on toolframe by set screw, has set screw regulating tank is installed on tool holder, can fix and regulate the upper-lower position of tool holder on toolframe;
Longitudinal driving mechanism comprises longitudinal workbench, vertical guide rail, slide block four, drive motors three, motor firm banking three, screw mandrel three, contiguous block three and bearings piece three, vertical guide rails assembling is in frame, longitudinally workbench is arranged on vertical guide rail by slide block four, screw mandrel three is arranged in frame by bearings piece three, contiguous block three is arranged on longitudinal workbench bottom and matches with screw mandrel three, can vertically move along screw mandrel three, drive motors three is fixedly mounted in frame by motor fixing seat three, and screw mandrel three is connected with the output shaft of drive motors three;
Transversal driving mechanism comprises horizontal work level, cross rail, slide block three, drive motors two, motor fixing seat two, screw mandrel two, contiguous block two and bearings piece two, cross rail is arranged on longitudinal workbench, horizontal work level is arranged on cross rail by slide block three, screw mandrel two is arranged on longitudinal workbench by bearings piece two, drive motors two is arranged on longitudinal workbench by motor fixing seat two, and screw mandrel two is connected with drive motors two output shafts;
Piece-holder driving mechanism comprises piece-holder guide rail, cushion block two, slide block two, top installing plate, top, cushion block one, Workpiece clamping head installing plate, Workpiece clamping head assembly, drive motors four, decelerator, shaft joint, turning motor and driving belt, cushion block two is arranged on horizontal work level top, piece-holder guide rails assembling is on cushion block two tops, slide block two is fixed on top installing plate bottom, top installing plate is arranged on piece-holder guide rail by slide block two, can move around along piece-holder guide rail, Workpiece clamping head installing plate is fixed on cushion block two tops by cushion block one, Workpiece clamping head assembly is arranged on Workpiece clamping head installing plate by decelerator, several decelerators are in series by shaft joint, drive motors four is arranged on Workpiece clamping head installing plate one side, the power shaft of the decelerator of close drive motors four is connected with the output shaft of drive motors four, turning motor is arranged on Workpiece clamping head installing plate bottom, turning motor passes through belt pulley, driving belt transmission Workpiece clamping head assembly.
2. numerical-control wood processing lathe according to claim 1, engraving all-in-one machine, it is characterized in that: described Workpiece clamping head assembly comprises belt pulley, drive flange, plane bearing, reducer output shaft, bearing one, bearing two, Workpiece clamping head, set bolt and switching bolt, drive flange, plane bearing are fixedly mounted on reducer output shaft, in belt pulley one end, bearing one is housed, the other end is equipped with bearing two, belt pulley is arranged on reducer output shaft, and belt pulley front end is provided with Workpiece clamping head and adopts set bolt to fix.
3. numerical-control wood processing lathe according to claim 1, engraving all-in-one machine, it is characterized in that: described drive motors one drives screw mandrel one rotation, drive contiguous block one to move up and down, drive again perpendicular planker to move up and down, thereby the engraving cutter bottom and top feed by motor-driven High Rotation Speed on drive toolframe moves, and carves carpenter's workpiece.
4. numerical-control wood processing lathe according to claim 1, engraving all-in-one machine, it is characterized in that: drive motors one drives screw mandrel one rotation, drives contiguous block one to move up and down, then drive perpendicular planker to move up and down, thereby the motion of the lathe tool bottom and top feed on drive tool holder, carrys out turning carpenter workpiece.
5. numerical-control wood processing lathe according to claim 1, engraving all-in-one machine, is characterized in that: when described drive motors two drives screw mandrel two rotation, will drive horizontal work level to pass through slide block three along cross rail transverse shifting by contiguous block two.
6. numerical-control wood processing lathe according to claim 1, engraving all-in-one machine, is characterized in that: when described drive motors three drives screw mandrel three to rotate, will drive longitudinal workbench longitudinally to slidably reciprocate along vertical guide rail by contiguous block three.
7. numerical-control wood processing lathe according to claim 1, engraving all-in-one machine, is characterized in that: described vertical guide rail adopts rectangular guideway.
8. numerical-control wood processing lathe according to claim 1, engraving all-in-one machine, it is characterized in that: carpenter's workpiece is installed on horizontal work level, by Workpiece clamping head and top clamping, drive motors four gearing speed-reducers, decelerator drives Workpiece clamping head assembly to rotate, thereby the carpenter's workpiece that makes to be arranged on Workpiece clamping head synchronously rotates.
9. numerical-control wood processing lathe according to claim 1, engraving all-in-one machine, is characterized in that: described engraving cutter, lathe tool, top, decelerator and Workpiece clamping head assembly all at least arrange 2, and quantity is corresponding one by one.
CN201210220384.9A 2012-06-29 2012-06-29 Numerical control wood working lathe and carving integrated machine Active CN102699961B (en)

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