CN103350343A - Numerical control gantry vertical and horizontal combined machining center of combination of tool magazine and main shaft on saddle - Google Patents

Numerical control gantry vertical and horizontal combined machining center of combination of tool magazine and main shaft on saddle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103350343A
CN103350343A CN2013102254953A CN201310225495A CN103350343A CN 103350343 A CN103350343 A CN 103350343A CN 2013102254953 A CN2013102254953 A CN 2013102254953A CN 201310225495 A CN201310225495 A CN 201310225495A CN 103350343 A CN103350343 A CN 103350343A
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vertical
horizontal
saddle
crossbeam
screw mandrel
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CN103350343B (en
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王元庆
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Cnc Machine Tool Co Ltd Hangzhou Days
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Cnc Machine Tool Co Ltd Hangzhou Days
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Abstract

The invention relates to a numerical control machine tool, particularly to a numerical control gantry vertical and horizontal combined machining center of combination of a tool magazine and a main shaft on a saddle. The center solves the problems that the tool magazine is arranged on neither a vertical main shaft nor a horizontal main shaft of the machine tool, so that a tool can not be changed timely, and the working efficiency is lower, and a machine tool structure can not be suitable for meeting the requirements for high efficiency, precision, combination, and energy conservation. The numerical control gantry vertical and horizontal combined machining center comprises a base, a working platform, and a vertical column, wherein the vertical column is movably connected with a cross beam through a vertical column guide rail; the cross beam is movably connected with a cross beam saddle through a cross beam guide rail; the vertical column is movably connected with a vertical column saddle through the vertical column guide rail; the cross beam saddle is movably connected with a vertical main shaft device through a vertical ram guide rail; the vertical saddle is movably connected with a horizontal main shaft device; the cross beam saddle and the vertical saddle are fixed with the tool magazine through a tool magazine bracket; the base, the vertical column, the cross beam, the vertical main shaft device, and the horizontal main shaft device are provided with screw rod driving devices; the tool magazine, the screw rod driving devices, and main shaft devices are all connected with the electrical numerical control device.

Description

A kind of tool magazine and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool, especially relate to the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry that a kind of tool magazine and main shaft are compounded in saddle.
Background technology
Digital controlled planer machine mainly is made of lathe bed, workbench, left and right pillar, crossbeam, saddle, main speed reduction box, console, electric control box and driving control device.Can finish mill, the multistage manufacturing processes such as brill, hinge, boring, be applicable to the Roughing and fine machining of the large and medium-sized part of every profession and trade.Chinese patent discloses a kind of numerical control gantry heavy-duty machine for machining, milling, boring, planing and grinding, and (publication number: CN 101502933A), it is comprised of lathe bed, carriage, composite pillar, crossbeam, back timber, rotary motive power head, chuck, tailstock, main drive gear, bistrique, milling and boring heads, planing frame, turning tool rest, electric control system etc.; By line slideway guiding, carriage is finished the reciprocating motion of carriage by main drive motor, main drive gear, gear, tooth bar to carriage, moves back and forth velocity interval: O.02-60000mm/min on lathe bed; Two composite pillars are connected with securing member respectively with the lathe bed two sides; Back timber is connected with securing member with two composite pillar upper surfaces; Crossbeam is installed in respectively on the guide rail of composite pillar both sides, utilizes two driven by servomotor of lifting one's head, and drives leading screw and rotates, and moves up and down thereby finish crossbeam; Milling and boring heads on the crossbeam, turning tool rest are used respectively driven by servomotor, drive leading screw and rotate, and finish milling and boring heads, turning tool rest traverse feed; Bistrique on the crossbeam, planing frame are used respectively driven by servomotor, drive leading screw and rotate, and finish bistrique, planing frame traverse feed; Bistrique on two composite pillars, planing frame are installed in respectively on the guide rail of composite pillar, use respectively driven by servomotor, drive leading screw and rotate, and finish bistrique, the motion of planing frame bottom and top feed.But tool magazine is not set all on the vertical spindle of this lathe, the horizontal main axis, thereby in time tool changing, operating efficiency is lower, and at column bistrique, planing frame are set, can not carry out left and right sides feed motion, the milling and boring heads that arranges on the crossbeam, tool holder, bistrique, planing frame can not carry out up and down precision feeding motion, and machine tool structure can not be suitable for the high-efficiency and precision process requirements.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry that a kind of tool magazine and main shaft are compounded in saddle, it mainly is on the vertical spindle that solves the existing lathe of prior art, the horizontal main axis tool magazine not to be set all, thereby in time tool changing, operating efficiency is lower, and at column bistrique, planing frame are set, can not carry out left and right sides feed motion, the milling and boring heads that arranges on the crossbeam, tool holder, bistrique, planing frame can not carry out up and down precision feeding motion, and machine tool structure can not be suitable for the technical problem of high-efficiency and precision process requirements etc.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is mainly solved by following technical proposals:
A kind of tool magazine of the present invention and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle, comprise base, workbench, column, described column is connected with crossbeam by column guide rail, crossbeam is connected with crossbeam saddle more than 1 by beam guideway, at least one root post is connected with the column saddle by column guide rail, the crossbeam saddle is connected with the vertical spindle device by vertical ram gib, and the column saddle is connected with the horizontal main axis device by horizontal ram gib; Be fixed with tool magazine by the tool magazine carriage on crossbeam saddle, the column saddle, base, column, crossbeam, vertical spindle device, horizontal main axis device are provided with screw rod driving device, and tool magazine, screw rod driving device, main shaft device all connect electric numerical control device.
Tool magazine directly is fixed on crossbeam saddle, the column saddle, can be so that vertical spindle device, horizontal main axis device automatic tool changer has as required improved working (machining) efficiency.
Crossbeam saddle on the crossbeam can be more than 1, and the vertical spindle device also can be more than 1 like this, processes convenient.
Vertical spindle device and horizontal main axis device can move up and down at crossbeam and column; Workpiece is installed on the workbench and moves forward and backward, and plural main shaft device carries out efficient, compound, energy-conservation, the Precision Machining of two above operations to workpiece.Crossbeam top can be provided with back timber, or crossbeam and back timber are made one.
As preferably, described tool magazine is disc type tool magazine or bamboo hat type tool holder.
As preferably, described crossbeam is movably connected on two root posts by column guide rail, be provided with the stand column and beam screw mandrel in the column, the stand column and beam screw mandrel is connected with the stand column and beam drive motors, the stand column and beam drive motors is fixed on an end of column by stand column and beam drive motors seat, the stand column and beam screw mandrel shaft block is fixed on the column another end, is provided with bearing in the bearing block, and the stand column and beam screw mandrel is flexibly connected crossbeam by stand column and beam feed screw nut seat.Like this, crossbeam just can rely on the stand column and beam screw mandrel to move up and down at column, makes the vertical spindle device adapt to the high and low position of workpiece.
As preferably, described column saddle is movably connected on the column by column guide rail, be provided with column saddle screw mandrel in the column, column saddle screw mandrel is connected with column saddle drive motors, column saddle drive motors is fixed on an end of column by column saddle motor cabinet, column saddle screw mandrel shaft block is fixed on the column another end, is provided with bearing in the bearing block, and column saddle screw mandrel is flexibly connected the column saddle by column saddle nut seat.Like this, the column saddle just can rely on the stand column and beam screw mandrel to move up and down at column, makes the horizontal main axis device adapt to the high and low position of workpiece.
As preferably, described crossbeam is flexibly connected the crossbeam saddle by beam guideway, crossbeam is provided with the crossbeam screw mandrel, the crossbeam saddle has the nut seat of connecting cross beam screw mandrel, the crossbeam screw mandrel is connected with the crossbeam drive motors at an end of crossbeam, the crossbeam drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam by the crossbeam motor cabinet, and the crossbeam screw mandrel is connected with the crossbeam bearing block at the other end of crossbeam, is provided with bearing in the crossbeam bearing block; Perhaps the crossbeam saddle is fixedly connected on the crossbeam by securing member.Drive crossbeam saddle screw mandrel by crossbeam saddle drive motors and rotate, thereby the transverse shifting of drive vertical spindle device makes the vertical spindle device adapt to the position, the left and right sides of workpiece.Be provided with bearing in the crossbeam saddle bearing block, can make things convenient for vertical screw mandrel rotation.The vertical spindle device all connects a rhizoid bar, and every rhizoid bar connects a drive unit, and drive unit is located at an end of crossbeam, drives the vertical spindle device; Can realize high efficiency composition processing.
As preferably, described crossbeam saddle is provided with vertical compensating cylinder, vertical compensating cylinder upper end is connected with vertical compensating cylinder support, and vertical compensating cylinder support is fixed on the vertical ram of vertical spindle device, and the crossbeam saddle is flexibly connected vertical ram by vertical ram gib.Smoothness when compensating cylinder can improve the vertical high-speed main shaft device vertical feed is conducive to lathe and realizes Precision Machining.
As preferably, described horizontal main axis device is Horizontal high-speed spindle device, comprise the column saddle, it is flexibly connected horizontal ram by horizontal ram gib, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel in the column saddle, the column screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors, the column drive motors is fixed on the horizontal saddle by horizontal drive motors seat, be provided with the Horizontal axle bearing in the horizontal saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram, be fixed with horizontal knife striking cylinder by horizontal knife striking cylinder support on the horizontal ram, horizontal knife striking cylinder one side is provided with the horizontal high-speed main shaft, and the horizontal high-speed main shaft is connected with the horizontal synchronous belt wheel by Timing Belt, the horizontal synchronous belt wheel is connected on the horizontal main motor, and horizontal main motor is fixed on the horizontal ram by horizontal main motor cabinet.Horizontal drive motors can drive horizontal screw mandrel and be rotated, and carries out side-to-side movement thereby drive whole ram; Horizontal main motor-driven horizontal high-speed main shaft is realized high speed and high precision processing.
As preferably, described horizontal main axis device is Horizontal type low speed spindle device, comprise the column saddle, it is flexibly connected horizontal ram by horizontal ram gib, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors, horizontal drive motors is fixed on the horizontal saddle by horizontal drive motors seat, be provided with the Horizontal axle bearing in the horizontal saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram, be fixed with horizontal knife striking cylinder by horizontal knife striking cylinder support on the horizontal ram, horizontal knife striking cylinder one side is provided with the Horizontal type low speed main shaft, and the Horizontal type low speed main shaft is by being connected with the horizontal synchronous belt wheel, the horizontal synchronous belt wheel is connected on the horizontal main motor by horizontal gear reduction box, and horizontal main motor is fixed on the horizontal ram by horizontal main motor cabinet.Horizontal main motor-driven Horizontal type low speed main shaft realizes that deceleration increases knuckling and can process.
As preferably, described horizontal main axis device is Horizontal grinding main shaft device, comprise the column saddle, it is flexibly connected horizontal ram by horizontal ram gib, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors, horizontal drive motors is fixed on by horizontal drive motors seat and is provided with the Horizontal axle bearing on the horizontal saddle in the horizontal saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram, be connected with horizontal mount pad on the horizontal ram, horizontal mount pad is provided with can be to the horizontal grinding head body of either direction rotation in same vertical plane, and horizontal grinding head body two ends are respectively equipped with horizontal main motor and emery wheel.Horizontal drive motors can drive horizontal screw mandrel and be rotated, and carries out side-to-side movement thereby drive whole horizontal mount pad.After horizontal main motor-driven emery wheel rotates, can carry out cross grinding or the processing of peripheral accurate grinding to workpiece.
As preferably, described horizontal main axis device is that horizontal boring and milling bores main shaft device, comprise the column saddle, it is flexibly connected horizontal workbench by horizontal ram gib, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors, horizontal drive motors is fixed on the horizontal saddle by horizontal drive motors seat, be provided with the Horizontal axle bearing in the horizontal saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal workbench, and horizontal workbench is equipped with boring head, or drilling head or milling head.Horizontal drive motors can drive horizontal screw mandrel and be rotated, thereby drives horizontal workbench and the boring and milling drilling head carries out side-to-side movement, can carry out conventional boring and milling to workpiece and bore processing.
As preferably, described horizontal main axis device is the horizontal high-speed electric main shaft device, comprise the column saddle, it is flexibly connected horizontal ram by horizontal ram gib, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors, horizontal drive motors is fixed on by horizontal drive motors seat and is provided with the Horizontal axle bearing on the horizontal saddle in the horizontal saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram, is connected with the Horizontal electric main shaft on the horizontal ram.Horizontal drive motors can drive horizontal screw mandrel and be rotated, and carries out side-to-side movement thereby drive whole horizontal ram.After horizontal main motor-driven horizontal high-speed electricity main shaft rotates, can process the high-speed and high-efficiency that workpiece carries out more than the 15000rmp.
As preferably, described vertical spindle device is vertical high-speed main shaft device, comprise the crossbeam saddle, it is flexibly connected vertical ram by vertical ram gib, be provided with vertical screw mandrel in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors, vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat, be provided with the vertical shaft bearing in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram, be fixed with vertical knife striking cylinder by vertical knife striking cylinder support on the vertical ram, vertical knife striking cylinder below is provided with the vertical and high-speed main shaft, and the vertical and high-speed main shaft is connected with vertical synchronous pulley by Timing Belt, vertical synchronous pulley is connected on the vertical main motor, and vertical main motor is fixed on the vertical ram by vertical main motor cabinet.Vertical drive motors can drive vertical screw mandrel and be rotated, and moves up and down thereby drive whole ram; Vertical main motor-driven vertical and high-speed main shaft carries out high speed and precision processing.
As preferably, described vertical spindle device is vertical low speed spindle device, comprise the crossbeam saddle, it is flexibly connected vertical ram by vertical ram gib, be provided with vertical screw mandrel in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors, vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat, be provided with the vertical shaft bearing in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram, be fixed with vertical knife striking cylinder by vertical knife striking cylinder support on the vertical ram, vertical knife striking cylinder below is provided with the vertical low speed main shaft, and the vertical low speed main shaft is connected with vertical synchronous pulley by Timing Belt, vertical synchronous pulley is connected on the vertical main motor by the vertical gear reduction box, and vertical main motor is fixed on the vertical ram by vertical main motor cabinet.Vertical drive motors can drive vertical screw mandrel and be rotated, and moves up and down thereby drive whole ram.Vertical main motor-driven vertical low speed main shaft slows down and increases knuckling and can process.
As preferably, described vertical spindle device is vertical grinding main shaft device, comprise the crossbeam saddle, it is flexibly connected vertical ram by vertical ram gib, be provided with vertical screw mandrel in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors, vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat, be provided with the vertical shaft bearing in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram, vertical ram is provided with vertical mount pad, vertical mount pad is provided with can be to the vertical grinding head body of either direction rotation in same vertical plane, and vertical grinding head body two ends are respectively equipped with vertical main motor and emery wheel.Vertical drive motors can drive vertical screw mandrel and be rotated, and moves up and down thereby drive whole vertical mount pad.After vertical main motor-driven emery wheel rotates, can carry out cross grinding or the processing of peripheral accurate grinding to workpiece.
As preferably, described vertical spindle device is the vertical and high-speed electric main shaft device, comprise the crossbeam saddle, it is flexibly connected vertical ram by vertical ram gib, be provided with vertical screw mandrel in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors, vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat, be provided with the vertical shaft bearing in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram, is connected with vertical electric main shaft on the vertical ram.Vertical drive motors can drive vertical screw mandrel and be rotated, and moves up and down thereby drive whole vertical electric main shaft.After vertical main motor-driven vertical electric main shaft rotates, can process the high speed and precision that workpiece carries out more than the 15000rmp.
Therefore the present invention installs respectively tool magazine on crossbeam saddle, column saddle, can be so that vertical spindle device, horizontal main axis device automatic tool changer has as required improved working (machining) efficiency; And novel accurate vertical or horizontal main axis device more than two is installed on the lathe, and the workpiece clamped one time just can be realized the high efficiency composition processing of two above operations, can reduce the repeated clamping error and improve Workpiece Machining Accuracy; Configuration high-speed main shaft device or high-speed electric main shaft device are realized high-speed and high-efficiency processing, and configuration is slowed down and increased the cutting of low speed spindle device realization heavy load and energy-conservation processing of turning round, and the configuration grinding main shaft device is realized cross grinding or peripheral grinding Precision Machining.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is a kind of plan structure schematic diagrames of Fig. 1;
Accompanying drawing 3 is a kind of side structure schematic diagrames of Fig. 1;
Accompanying drawing 4 is a kind of structural representations of Horizontal high-speed spindle device of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 5 is a kind of structural representations of Horizontal type low speed spindle device of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 6 is a kind of structural representations of Horizontal grinding main shaft device of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 7 is a kind of structural representations of the horizontal boring and milling main shaft device of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 8 is a kind of structural representations of horizontal high-speed electric main shaft device of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 9 is a kind of structural representations of vertical high-speed main shaft device of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 10 is a kind of side structure schematic diagrames of Fig. 9;
Accompanying drawing 11 is a kind of structural representations of vertical low speed spindle device of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 12 is a kind of side structure schematic diagrames of Figure 11;
Accompanying drawing 13 is a kind of structural representations of vertical grinding main shaft device of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 14 is a kind of side structure schematic diagrames of Figure 13;
Accompanying drawing 15 is a kind of structural representations of vertical and high-speed electric main shaft device of the present invention;
Accompanying drawing 16 is a kind of side structure schematic diagrames of Figure 15;
Accompanying drawing 17 is a kind of structural representations that crossbeam saddle of the present invention is installed disc type tool magazine;
Accompanying drawing 18 is side structure schematic diagrames of Figure 17;
Accompanying drawing 19 is a kind of structural representations that column saddle of the present invention is installed disc type tool magazine;
Accompanying drawing 20 is plan structure schematic diagrames of Figure 19;
Accompanying drawing 21 is a kind of structural representations that crossbeam saddle of the present invention is installed bamboo hat type tool holder;
Accompanying drawing 22 is side structure schematic diagrames of Figure 21;
Accompanying drawing 23 is a kind of structural representations that column saddle of the present invention is installed bamboo hat type tool holder;
Accompanying drawing 24 is plan structure schematic diagrames of Figure 23;
Accompanying drawing 25 is a kind of structural representations of the embodiment of the invention 6;
Accompanying drawing 26 is a kind of plan structure schematic diagrames of Figure 25;
Accompanying drawing 27 is a kind of side structure schematic diagrames of Figure 25.
Parts among the figure, position and numbering: base 1, workbench 2, column 3, stand column and beam screw mandrel 301, stand column and beam drive motors 302, stand column and beam drive motors seat 303, stand column and beam screw mandrel shaft block 304, stand column and beam feed screw nut's seat 305, column saddle screw mandrel 306, column saddle drive motors 307, column saddle motor cabinet 308, column saddle screw mandrel shaft block 309, column saddle nut seat 310, crossbeam 4, beam guideway 401, crossbeam saddle screw mandrel 402, crossbeam saddle drive motors 403, crossbeam saddle motor cabinet 404, crossbeam saddle bearing block 405, vertical spindle device 5, crossbeam saddle 501, vertical screw mandrel 502, vertical drive motors 503, vertical drive motors seat 504, vertical shaft bearing 505, vertical bearing 506, vertical ram 507, vertical knife striking cylinder support 508, vertical knife striking cylinder 509, vertical and high-speed main shaft 510, Timing Belt 511, vertical synchronous pulley 512, vertical main motor 513, vertical main motor cabinet 514, vertical gear reduction box 515, vertical mount pad 516, vertical grinding head body 517, emery wheel 518, vertical compensating cylinder 519, vertical compensating cylinder support 520, vertical pressing plate 521, vertical electric main shaft 522, vertical low speed main shaft 523, horizontal main axis device 6, column saddle 601, horizontal screw mandrel 602, horizontal drive motors 603, horizontal drive motors seat 604, Horizontal axle bearing 605, horizontal bearing 606, horizontal ram 607, horizontal knife striking cylinder support 608, horizontal knife striking cylinder 609, horizontal high-speed main shaft 610, Timing Belt 611, horizontal synchronous belt wheel 612, horizontal main motor 613, horizontal main motor cabinet 614, horizontal gear reduction box 615, horizontal mount pad 616, horizontal grinding head body 617, emery wheel 618, horizontal boring milling head 619, Horizontal electric main shaft 620, Horizontal type low speed main shaft 621, horizontal workbench 622, workbench screw mandrel 7, servomotor 8, servomotor seat 9, tool magazine carriage 10, disc type tool magazine 11, bamboo hat type tool holder 12.
The specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1: the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of the numerical control gantry that a kind of tool magazine of this example and main shaft are compounded in saddle, such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, a base 1 is arranged, be connected with workbench 2 by guide rail on the base, workbench is connected with workbench screw mandrel 7, the workbench screw mandrel is connected on the servomotor 8, and servomotor is fixed on the base by servomotor seat 9.Also be provided with two root posts 3 on the base, column is fixedly connected with crossbeam 4, crossbeam top is fixed with back timber, crossbeam is provided with beam guideway 401, be connected with the vertical spindle device 5 more than 1 or 1 on the beam guideway, be connected with transversely movable horizontal main axis device 6 more than 1 or 1 by column saddle screw mandrel 306 on the column, vertical spindle device, horizontal main axis device all connect electric numerical control device.The vertical spindle device is provided with crossbeam saddle 501, crossbeam is provided with the crossbeam saddle screw mandrel 402 that is connected with saddle, crossbeam saddle screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam saddle drive motors 403 at an end of crossbeam, crossbeam saddle drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam by crossbeam saddle motor cabinet 404, crossbeam saddle screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam saddle bearing block 405 at the other end of crossbeam, is provided with bearing in the crossbeam saddle bearing block.
Such as Figure 17,18, be fixed with disc type tool magazine 11 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the crossbeam saddle 501, such as Figure 19,20, be fixed with disc type tool magazine 11 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the column saddle 601.
Such as Fig. 4, the horizontal main axis device is Horizontal high-speed spindle device, it includes column saddle 601, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel 602 in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors 603, horizontal drive motors is fixed on the column saddle by horizontal drive motors seat 604, be provided with Horizontal axle bearing 605 in the column saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing 606 between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram 607, be fixed with horizontal knife striking cylinder 609 by horizontal knife striking cylinder support 608 on the horizontal ram, horizontal knife striking cylinder one side is provided with horizontal high-speed main shaft 610, the horizontal high-speed main shaft is connected with horizontal synchronous belt wheel 612 by Timing Belt 611, and the horizontal synchronous belt wheel is connected on the horizontal main motor 613, and horizontal main motor is fixed on the horizontal ram by horizontal main motor cabinet 614.
Such as Fig. 9, Figure 10, the vertical spindle device is vertical high-speed main shaft device, and it includes crossbeam saddle 501, and the crossbeam saddle is provided with vertical compensating cylinder 519, vertical compensating cylinder upper end is connected on the vertical compensating cylinder support 520, also is connected with vertical pressing plate 521 on the crossbeam saddle.Be provided with vertical screw mandrel 502 in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors 503, vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat 504, be provided with vertical shaft bearing 505 in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing 506 between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram 507, be fixed with vertical knife striking cylinder 509 by vertical knife striking cylinder support 508 on the vertical ram, vertical knife striking cylinder below is provided with vertical and high-speed main shaft 510, the vertical and high-speed main shaft is connected with vertical synchronous pulley 512 by Timing Belt 511, vertical synchronous pulley is connected on the vertical main motor 513, and vertical main motor is fixed on the vertical ram by vertical main motor cabinet 514.
During use, drive 6 rotations of workbench screw mandrel by servomotor 7, thereby adjust the position of workbench 2, so that the workpiece working position is aimed at vertical spindle device 5 and horizontal stand column device.Drive 402 rotations of crossbeam saddle screw mandrel by crossbeam saddle drive motors 403, thereby adjust the lateral attitude of vertical spindle device.Adjusted the upper-lower position of vertical spindle head by vertical screw mandrel 502, after vertical main motor 513 started, by the transmission of vertical synchronous pulley 512, Timing Belt 511, vertical and high-speed main shaft 510 was installed cutter, can process workpiece again.
Drive horizontal screw mandrel 602 rotations by horizontal drive motors 603, thereby adjust the position of horizontal main axis head 610, after horizontal main motor 613 starts, by the transmission of horizontal synchronous belt wheel 612, Timing Belt 611, horizontal high-speed main shaft 610 is installed cutter, can process workpiece.
Embodiment 2: the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of the numerical control gantry that a kind of tool magazine of this example and main shaft are compounded in saddle, such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, a base 1 is arranged, be connected with workbench 2 by guide rail on the base, workbench is connected with workbench screw mandrel 7, the workbench screw mandrel is connected on the servomotor 8, and servomotor is fixed on the base by servomotor seat 9.Also be provided with two root posts 3 on the base, column is fixedly connected with crossbeam 4, crossbeam top is fixed with back timber, crossbeam is provided with beam guideway 401, be connected with the vertical spindle device 5 more than 1 or 1 on the beam guideway, be connected with transversely movable horizontal main axis device 6 more than 1 or 1 by column saddle screw mandrel 306 on the column, vertical spindle device, horizontal main axis device all connect electric numerical control device.The vertical spindle device is provided with crossbeam saddle 501, crossbeam is provided with the crossbeam saddle screw mandrel 402 that is connected with saddle, crossbeam saddle screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam saddle drive motors 403 at an end of crossbeam, crossbeam saddle drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam by crossbeam saddle motor cabinet 404, crossbeam saddle screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam saddle bearing block 405 at the other end of crossbeam, is provided with bearing in the crossbeam saddle bearing block.
Such as Figure 17,18, be fixed with disc type tool magazine 11 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the crossbeam saddle 501, such as Figure 19,20, be fixed with disc type tool magazine 11 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the column saddle 601.
Such as Fig. 5, the horizontal main axis device is Horizontal type low speed spindle device, it includes column saddle 601, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel 602 in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors 603, horizontal drive motors is fixed on the column saddle by horizontal drive motors seat 604, be provided with Horizontal axle bearing 605 in the column saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing 606 between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram 607, be fixed with horizontal knife striking cylinder 609 by horizontal knife striking cylinder support 608 on the horizontal ram, horizontal knife striking cylinder one side is provided with Horizontal type low speed main shaft 621, the Horizontal type low speed main shaft is connected with horizontal synchronous belt wheel 612 by Timing Belt 611, and the horizontal synchronous belt wheel is connected on the horizontal main motor 613 by horizontal gear reduction box 615, and horizontal main motor is fixed on the horizontal ram by horizontal main motor cabinet 614.
Such as Figure 11, Figure 12, the vertical spindle device is vertical low speed spindle device, and it includes crossbeam saddle 501, and the crossbeam saddle is provided with vertical compensating cylinder 519, vertical compensating cylinder upper end is connected on the vertical compensating cylinder support 520, also is connected with vertical pressing plate 521 on the crossbeam saddle.Be provided with vertical screw mandrel 502 in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors 503, vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat 504, be provided with vertical shaft bearing 505 in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing 506 between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram 507, be fixed with vertical knife striking cylinder 509 by vertical knife striking cylinder support 508 on the vertical ram, vertical knife striking cylinder below is provided with vertical spindle 510, vertical spindle is connected with vertical synchronous pulley 512 by Timing Belt 511, vertical synchronous pulley is connected on the vertical main motor 513 by vertical gear reduction box 515, and vertical main motor is fixed on the vertical ram by vertical main motor cabinet 514.
During use, drive 6 rotations of workbench screw mandrel by servomotor 7, thereby adjust the position of workbench 2, so that the workpiece working position is aimed at vertical spindle device 5 and horizontal main axis device.Drive 402 rotations of crossbeam saddle screw mandrel by crossbeam saddle drive motors 403, thereby adjust the lateral attitude of vertical spindle device.Adjusted again the position of vertical knife striking cylinder 509 by vertical screw mandrel 502, after vertical main motor 513 starts, retarded motion through vertical gear reduction box 515, the again transmission by vertical synchronous pulley 512, Timing Belt 511, vertical low speed main shaft 523 begins to slowly run, and the cutter that connects thereon can be processed workpiece.
Drive horizontal screw mandrel 602 rotations by horizontal drive motors 603, thereby adjust the position of horizontal main axis 610, after horizontal main motor 613 starts, retarded motion through horizontal gear reduction box 615, low speed rotation by horizontal synchronous belt wheel 612, Timing Belt 611, Horizontal type low speed main shaft 621 begins to rotate, and installs cutter and can process workpiece.
Embodiment 3: the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of the numerical control gantry that a kind of tool magazine of this example and main shaft are compounded in saddle, such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, a base 1 is arranged, be connected with workbench 2 by guide rail on the base, workbench is connected with workbench screw mandrel 7, the workbench screw mandrel is connected on the servomotor 8, and servomotor is fixed on the base by servomotor seat 9.Also be provided with two root posts 3 on the base, column is fixedly connected with crossbeam 4, crossbeam top is fixed with back timber, crossbeam is provided with beam guideway 401, be connected with 1 vertical spindle device 5 on the beam guideway, be connected with 6, two horizontal main axis devices of 2 transversely movable horizontal main axis devices by column saddle screw mandrel 306 on the column and be oppositely arranged, vertical spindle device, horizontal main axis device all connect electric numerical control device.The vertical spindle device is provided with crossbeam saddle 501, crossbeam is provided with the crossbeam saddle screw mandrel 402 that is connected with saddle, crossbeam saddle screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam saddle drive motors 403 at an end of crossbeam, crossbeam saddle drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam by crossbeam saddle motor cabinet 404, crossbeam saddle screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam saddle bearing block 405 at the other end of crossbeam, is provided with bearing in the crossbeam saddle bearing block.
Such as Figure 17,18, be fixed with disc type tool magazine 11 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the crossbeam saddle 501, such as Figure 19,20, be fixed with disc type tool magazine 11 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the column saddle 601.
Such as Fig. 6, the horizontal main axis device is Horizontal grinding main shaft device, it includes column saddle 601, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel 602 in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors 603, horizontal drive motors is fixed in the column saddle upper pillar stand saddle by horizontal drive motors seat 604 and is provided with Horizontal axle bearing 605, be provided with horizontal bearing 606 between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram 607, be connected with horizontal mount pad 616 on the horizontal ram, horizontal mount pad is provided with can be to the horizontal grinding head body 617 of either direction rotation in same vertical plane, and horizontal grinding head body two ends are respectively equipped with horizontal main motor 613 and emery wheel 618.
Such as Figure 13, Figure 14, the vertical spindle device is vertical grinding main shaft device, it includes crossbeam saddle 501, the crossbeam saddle is provided with vertical compensating cylinder 519, vertical compensating cylinder upper end is connected on the vertical compensating cylinder support 520, be provided with vertical screw mandrel 502 in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors 503, vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat 504, be provided with vertical shaft bearing 505 in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing 506 between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram 507, vertical ram is provided with vertical mount pad 516, and vertical mount pad is provided with can be to the vertical grinding head body 517 of either direction rotation in same vertical plane, and vertical grinding head body two ends are respectively equipped with vertical main motor 513 and emery wheel 518.
During use, drive 6 rotations of workbench screw mandrel by servomotor 7, thereby adjust the position of workbench 2, so that the workpiece working position is aimed at vertical spindle device 5 and horizontal main axis device.Drive 402 rotations of crossbeam saddle screw mandrel by crossbeam saddle drive motors 403, thereby adjust the lateral attitude of vertical spindle device.Adjusted the position of vertical grinding head body 517 by vertical screw mandrel 502, after vertical main motor 513 started, the emery wheel 518 of vertical grinding head body 517 1 ends can carry out cross grinding or peripheral grinding to workpiece again.
Drive horizontal screw mandrel 602 rotations by horizontal drive motors 603, thereby adjust the position of horizontal grinding head body 617, after horizontal main motor 613 started, the emery wheel 618 of horizontal grinding head body 617 1 ends can carry out cross grinding or peripheral grinding to workpiece.
Embodiment 4: the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of the numerical control gantry that a kind of tool magazine of this example and main shaft are compounded in saddle, such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, a base 1 is arranged, be connected with workbench 2 by guide rail on the base, workbench is connected with workbench screw mandrel 7, the workbench screw mandrel is connected on the servomotor 8, and servomotor is fixed on the base by servomotor seat 9.Also be provided with two root posts 3 on the base, column is fixedly connected with crossbeam 4, crossbeam top is fixed with back timber, crossbeam is provided with beam guideway 401, be connected with 1 vertical spindle device 5 on the beam guideway, be connected with 6, two horizontal main axis devices of 2 transversely movable horizontal main axis devices by column saddle screw mandrel 306 on the column and be oppositely arranged, vertical spindle device, horizontal main axis device all connect electric numerical control device.The vertical spindle device is provided with crossbeam saddle 501, crossbeam is provided with the crossbeam saddle screw mandrel 402 that is connected with saddle, crossbeam saddle screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam saddle drive motors 403 at an end of crossbeam, crossbeam saddle drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam by crossbeam saddle motor cabinet 404, crossbeam saddle screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam saddle bearing block 405 at the other end of crossbeam, is provided with bearing in the crossbeam saddle bearing block.
Such as Figure 21,22, be fixed with bamboo hat type tool holder 12 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the crossbeam saddle 501, such as Figure 23,24, be fixed with bamboo hat type tool holder 12 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the column saddle 601.
Such as Fig. 7, the horizontal main axis device is horizontal boring and milling main shaft device, it includes column saddle 601, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel 602 in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors 603, horizontal drive motors is fixed in the column saddle upper pillar stand saddle by horizontal drive motors seat 604 and is provided with Horizontal axle bearing 605, be provided with horizontal bearing 606 between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal workbench 622, be connected with horizontal mount pad 616 on the horizontal ram, horizontal mount pad is provided with horizontal boring milling head 619, and the horizontal boring milling head connects horizontal main motor 613.
Such as Fig. 9, Figure 10, the vertical spindle device is vertical high-speed main shaft device, and it includes crossbeam saddle 501, and the crossbeam saddle is provided with vertical compensating cylinder 519, vertical compensating cylinder upper end is connected on the vertical compensating cylinder support 520, also is connected with vertical pressing plate 521 on the crossbeam saddle.Be provided with vertical screw mandrel 502 in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors 503, vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat 504, be provided with vertical shaft bearing 505 in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing 506 between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram 507, be fixed with vertical knife striking cylinder 509 by vertical knife striking cylinder support 508 on the vertical ram, vertical knife striking cylinder below is provided with vertical and high-speed main shaft 510, vertical spindle is connected with vertical synchronous pulley 512 by Timing Belt 511, vertical synchronous pulley is connected on the vertical main motor 513, and vertical main motor is fixed on the vertical ram by vertical main motor cabinet 514.
During use, drive 6 rotations of workbench screw mandrels by servomotor 7, thereby adjust the position of workbench 2 so that workpiece be positioned at vertical spindle device 5 under.Drive 402 rotations of crossbeam saddle screw mandrel by crossbeam saddle drive motors 403, thereby adjust the lateral attitude of vertical spindle device.Adjusted the position of vertical knife striking cylinder 509 by vertical screw mandrel 502, after vertical main motor 513 started, by the transmission of vertical synchronous pulley 512, Timing Belt 511, vertical and high-speed main shaft 510 began to rotate, and can process workpiece by the dress cutter again.
Drive horizontal screw mandrel 602 rotations by horizontal drive motors 603, thereby adjust the position of horizontal mount pad 616, after horizontal main motor 613 starts, can carry out boring-mill work to workpiece by horizontal boring milling head 619.
Embodiment 5: the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of the numerical control gantry that a kind of tool magazine of this example and main shaft are compounded in saddle, such as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, a base 1 is arranged, be connected with workbench 2 by guide rail on the base, workbench is connected with workbench screw mandrel 7, the workbench screw mandrel is connected on the servomotor 8, and servomotor is fixed on the base by servomotor seat 9.Also be provided with two root posts 3 on the base, column is fixedly connected with crossbeam 4, crossbeam top is fixed with back timber, crossbeam is provided with beam guideway 401, be connected with 1 vertical spindle device 5 on the beam guideway, be connected with 6, two horizontal main axis devices of 2 transversely movable horizontal main axis devices by column saddle screw mandrel 306 on the column and be oppositely arranged, vertical spindle device, horizontal main axis device all connect electric numerical control device.The vertical spindle device is provided with crossbeam saddle 501, crossbeam is provided with the crossbeam saddle screw mandrel 402 that is connected with saddle, crossbeam saddle screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam saddle drive motors 403 at an end of crossbeam, crossbeam saddle drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam by crossbeam saddle motor cabinet 404, crossbeam saddle screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam saddle bearing block 405 at the other end of crossbeam, is provided with bearing in the crossbeam saddle bearing block.
Such as Figure 21,22, be fixed with bamboo hat type tool holder 12 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the crossbeam saddle 501, such as Figure 23,24, be fixed with bamboo hat type tool holder 12 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the column saddle 601.
Such as Fig. 8, horizontal main axis device 6 is the horizontal high-speed electric main shaft device, it includes column saddle 601, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel 602 in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors 603, and horizontal drive motors is fixed in the column saddle upper pillar stand saddle by horizontal drive motors seat 604 and is provided with Horizontal axle bearing 605, is provided with horizontal bearing 606 between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram 607, is connected with Horizontal electric main shaft 620 on the horizontal ram.
Such as Figure 15, Figure 16, vertical spindle device 5 is the vertical and high-speed electric main shaft device, it includes crossbeam saddle 501, be provided with vertical screw mandrel 502 in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors 503, and vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat 504, be provided with vertical shaft bearing 505 in the crossbeam saddle, the vertical shaft bearing is provided with vertical bearing 506, and vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram 507, is connected with vertical electric main shaft 522 on the vertical ram.
During use, drive 6 rotations of workbench screw mandrel by servomotor 7, thereby adjust the position of workbench 2, so that the workpiece working position is aimed at vertical spindle device 5 and horizontal main axis device.Drive 402 rotations of crossbeam saddle screw mandrel by crossbeam saddle drive motors 403, thereby adjust the lateral attitude of vertical spindle device.Adjusted the position of vertical ram 507 by vertical screw mandrel 502, behind the vertical main electric motor starting, vertical electric main shaft 522 begins to rotate, and loads onto cutter and can process workpiece again.
Drive horizontal screw mandrel 602 rotations by horizontal drive motors 603, thereby adjust the position of horizontal ram 607, behind the horizontal main electric motor starting, can process workpiece by Horizontal electric main shaft 620.
Embodiment 6: the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of the numerical control gantry that a kind of tool magazine of this example and main shaft are compounded in saddle, such as Figure 25, Figure 26, Figure 27, a base 1 is arranged, be connected with workbench 2 by guide rail on the base, workbench is connected with workbench screw mandrel 7, the workbench screw mandrel is connected on the servomotor 8, and servomotor is fixed on the base by servomotor seat 9.Also be provided with two root posts 3 on the base, crossbeam 4 is movably connected on two root posts by column guide rail, be provided with stand column and beam screw mandrel 301 in the column, the stand column and beam screw mandrel is connected with stand column and beam drive motors 302, the stand column and beam drive motors is fixed on an end of column by stand column and beam drive motors seat 303, stand column and beam screw mandrel shaft block 304 is fixed in the column another end bearing block and is provided with bearing, and the stand column and beam screw mandrel is by stand column and beam feed screw nut seat 305 connecting cross beams.Crossbeam top is fixed with back timber, and crossbeam is provided with beam guideway 401, is connected with 1 vertical spindle device 5 on the beam guideway.Be connected with column saddle 601 by column guide rail on the column, the horizontal main axis device is set in the column saddle, two horizontal main axis devices are oppositely arranged.Be provided with column saddle screw mandrel 306 in the column, column saddle screw mandrel is connected with column saddle drive motors 307, column saddle drive motors is fixed on an end of column by column saddle motor cabinet 308, column saddle screw mandrel shaft block 309 is fixed in the column another end bearing block and is provided with bearing, and column saddle screw mandrel connects the column saddle by column saddle nut seat 310.Vertical spindle device, horizontal main axis device all connect electric numerical control device.Crossbeam 4 is flexibly connected crossbeam saddle 501 by beam guideway 401, crossbeam 4 is provided with crossbeam screw mandrel 402, the crossbeam saddle has the nut seat of connecting cross beam screw mandrel, the crossbeam screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam drive motors 403 at an end of crossbeam, the crossbeam drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam by crossbeam motor cabinet 404, the crossbeam screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam bearing block 405 at the other end of crossbeam, is provided with bearing in the crossbeam bearing block; Perhaps the crossbeam saddle is fixedly connected on the crossbeam by securing member.
Such as Figure 21,22, be fixed with bamboo hat type tool holder 12 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the crossbeam saddle 501, such as Figure 23,24, be fixed with bamboo hat type tool holder 12 by tool magazine carriage 10 on the column saddle 601.
Such as Fig. 4, the horizontal main axis device is Horizontal high-speed spindle device, it includes column saddle 601, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel 602 in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors 603, horizontal drive motors is fixed on the column saddle by horizontal drive motors seat 604, be provided with Horizontal axle bearing 605 in the column saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing 606 between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram 607, be fixed with horizontal knife striking cylinder 609 by horizontal knife striking cylinder support 608 on the horizontal ram, horizontal knife striking cylinder one side is provided with horizontal high-speed main shaft 610, the horizontal high-speed main shaft is connected with horizontal synchronous belt wheel 612 by Timing Belt 611, and the horizontal synchronous belt wheel is connected on the horizontal main motor 613, and horizontal main motor is fixed on the horizontal ram by horizontal main motor cabinet 614.
Such as Fig. 9, Figure 10, the vertical spindle device is vertical high-speed main shaft device, and it includes crossbeam saddle 501, and the crossbeam saddle is provided with vertical compensating cylinder 519, vertical compensating cylinder upper end is connected on the vertical compensating cylinder support 520, also is connected with vertical pressing plate 521 on the crossbeam saddle.Be provided with vertical screw mandrel 502 in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors 503, vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat 504, be provided with vertical shaft bearing 505 in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing 506 between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram 507, be fixed with vertical knife striking cylinder 509 by vertical knife striking cylinder support 508 on the vertical ram, vertical knife striking cylinder below is provided with vertical and high-speed main shaft 510, the vertical and high-speed main shaft is connected with vertical synchronous pulley 512 by Timing Belt 511, vertical synchronous pulley is connected on the vertical main motor 513, and vertical main motor is fixed on the vertical ram by vertical main motor cabinet 514.
During use, drive 6 rotations of workbench screw mandrels by servomotor 7, thereby adjust the position of workbench 2 so that workpiece be positioned at vertical spindle device 5 under.Drive 402 rotations of crossbeam saddle screw mandrel by crossbeam saddle drive motors 403, thereby adjust the lateral attitude of vertical spindle device.Adjusted the position of vertical knife striking cylinder 509 by vertical screw mandrel 502, after vertical main motor 513 started, by the transmission of vertical synchronous pulley 512, Timing Belt 511, vertical and high-speed main shaft 510 began to rotate, and installs cutter and can process workpiece again.
Drive horizontal screw mandrel 602 rotations by horizontal drive motors 603, thereby adjust the position of horizontal knife striking cylinder 609, after horizontal main motor 613 starts, by the transmission of horizontal synchronous belt wheel 612, Timing Belt 611, horizontal high-speed main shaft 610 begins to rotate, and installs cutter and can process workpiece.
The above only is specific embodiments of the invention, but architectural feature of the present invention is not limited to this, and any those skilled in the art is in the field of the invention, and the variation of doing or modification all are encompassed among the claim of the present invention.

Claims (15)

1. a tool magazine and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle, comprise base (1), workbench (2), column (3), it is characterized in that described column (3) is connected with crossbeam (4) by column guide rail, crossbeam is connected with crossbeam saddle (501) more than 1 by beam guideway, at least one root post is connected with column saddle (601) by column guide rail, the crossbeam saddle is connected with vertical spindle device (5) by vertical ram gib, and the column saddle is connected with horizontal main axis device (6) by horizontal ram gib; Be fixed with tool magazine by tool magazine carriage (10) on crossbeam saddle, the column saddle, base (1), column (3), crossbeam (4), vertical spindle device (5), horizontal main axis device (6) are provided with screw rod driving device, and tool magazine, screw rod driving device, main shaft device all connect electric numerical control device.
2. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described tool magazine is disc type tool magazine (11) or bamboo hat type tool holder (12).
3. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described crossbeam (4) is movably connected on two root posts (3) by column guide rail, be provided with stand column and beam screw mandrel (301) in the column, the stand column and beam screw mandrel is connected with stand column and beam drive motors (302), the stand column and beam drive motors is fixed on an end of column by stand column and beam drive motors seat (303), stand column and beam screw mandrel shaft block (304) is fixed on the column another end, be provided with bearing in the bearing block, the stand column and beam screw mandrel is flexibly connected crossbeam by stand column and beam feed screw nut seat (305).
4. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described column saddle (601) is movably connected on the column (3) by column guide rail, be provided with column saddle screw mandrel (306) in the column, column saddle screw mandrel is connected with column saddle drive motors (307), column saddle drive motors is fixed on an end of column by column saddle motor cabinet (308), column saddle screw mandrel shaft block (309) is fixed on the column another end, be provided with bearing in the bearing block, column saddle screw mandrel is flexibly connected the column saddle by column saddle nut seat (310).
5. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described crossbeam (4) is flexibly connected crossbeam saddle (501) by beam guideway (401), crossbeam (4) is provided with crossbeam screw mandrel (402), the crossbeam saddle has the nut seat of connecting cross beam screw mandrel, the crossbeam screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam drive motors (403) at an end of crossbeam, the crossbeam drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam by crossbeam motor cabinet (404), the crossbeam screw mandrel is connected with crossbeam bearing block (405) at the other end of crossbeam, is provided with bearing in the crossbeam bearing block; Perhaps the crossbeam saddle is fixedly connected on the crossbeam by securing member.
6. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described crossbeam saddle (501) is provided with vertical compensating cylinder (519), vertical compensating cylinder upper end is connected with vertical compensating cylinder support (520), vertical compensating cylinder support is fixed on the vertical ram (507) of vertical spindle device, and the crossbeam saddle is flexibly connected vertical ram (507) by vertical ram gib.
7. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described horizontal main axis device (6) is Horizontal high-speed spindle device, comprise column saddle (601), it is flexibly connected horizontal ram by horizontal ram gib, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel (602) in the column saddle, the column screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors (603), the column drive motors is fixed on the horizontal saddle by horizontal drive motors seat (604), be provided with Horizontal axle bearing (605) in the horizontal saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing (606) between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram (607), be fixed with horizontal knife striking cylinder (609) by horizontal knife striking cylinder support (608) on the horizontal ram, horizontal knife striking cylinder one side is provided with horizontal high-speed main shaft (610), the horizontal high-speed main shaft is connected with horizontal synchronous belt wheel (612) by Timing Belt (611), the horizontal synchronous belt wheel is connected on the horizontal main motor (613), and horizontal main motor is fixed on the horizontal ram by horizontal main motor cabinet (614).
8. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described horizontal main axis device (6) is Horizontal type low speed spindle device, comprise column saddle (601), it is flexibly connected horizontal ram by horizontal ram gib, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel (602) in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors (603), horizontal drive motors is fixed on the horizontal saddle by horizontal drive motors seat (604), be provided with Horizontal axle bearing (605) in the horizontal saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing (606) between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram (607), be fixed with horizontal knife striking cylinder (609) by horizontal knife striking cylinder support (608) on the horizontal ram, horizontal knife striking cylinder one side is provided with Horizontal type low speed main shaft (621), the Horizontal type low speed main shaft is by being connected with horizontal synchronous belt wheel (612), the horizontal synchronous belt wheel is connected on the horizontal main motor (613) by horizontal gear reduction box (615), and horizontal main motor is fixed on the horizontal ram by horizontal main motor cabinet (614).
9. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described horizontal main axis device (6) is Horizontal grinding main shaft device, comprise column saddle (601), it is flexibly connected horizontal ram by horizontal ram gib, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel (602) in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors (603), horizontal drive motors is fixed on by horizontal drive motors seat (604) and is provided with Horizontal axle bearing (605) on the horizontal saddle in the horizontal saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing (606) between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram (607), be connected with horizontal mount pad (616) on the horizontal ram, horizontal mount pad is provided with can be to the horizontal grinding head body (617) of either direction rotation in same vertical plane, and horizontal grinding head body two ends are respectively equipped with horizontal main motor (613) and emery wheel (618).
10. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described horizontal main axis device (6) bores main shaft device for horizontal boring and milling, comprise column saddle (601), it is flexibly connected horizontal workbench by horizontal ram gib, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel (602) in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors (603), horizontal drive motors is fixed on the horizontal saddle by horizontal drive motors seat (604), be provided with Horizontal axle bearing (605) in the horizontal saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing (606) between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal workbench (622), horizontal workbench is equipped with boring head, or drilling head or milling head (619).
11. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of the numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described horizontal main axis device (6) is the horizontal high-speed electric main shaft device, comprise column saddle (601), it is flexibly connected horizontal ram by horizontal ram gib, be provided with horizontal screw mandrel (602) in the column saddle, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal drive motors (603), horizontal drive motors is fixed on by horizontal drive motors seat (604) and is provided with Horizontal axle bearing (605) on the horizontal saddle in the horizontal saddle, be provided with horizontal bearing (606) between Horizontal axle bearing and the horizontal screw mandrel, horizontal screw mandrel is connected with horizontal ram (607), is connected with Horizontal electric main shaft (620) on the horizontal ram.
12. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of the numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described vertical spindle device (5) is vertical high-speed main shaft device, comprise crossbeam saddle (501), it is flexibly connected vertical ram by vertical ram gib, be provided with vertical screw mandrel (502) in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors (503), vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat (504), be provided with vertical shaft bearing (505) in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing (506) between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram (507), be fixed with vertical knife striking cylinder (509) by vertical knife striking cylinder support (508) on the vertical ram, vertical knife striking cylinder below is provided with vertical and high-speed main shaft (510), the vertical and high-speed main shaft is connected with vertical synchronous pulley (512) by Timing Belt (511), vertical synchronous pulley is connected on the vertical main motor (513), and vertical main motor is fixed on the vertical ram by vertical main motor cabinet (514).
13. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of the numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described vertical spindle device (5) is vertical low speed spindle device, comprise crossbeam saddle (501), it is flexibly connected vertical ram by vertical ram gib, be provided with vertical screw mandrel (502) in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors (503), vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat (504), be provided with vertical shaft bearing (505) in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing (506) between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram (507), be fixed with vertical knife striking cylinder (509) by vertical knife striking cylinder support (508) on the vertical ram, vertical knife striking cylinder below is provided with vertical low speed main shaft (523), the vertical low speed main shaft is connected with vertical synchronous pulley (512) by Timing Belt (511), vertical synchronous pulley is connected on the vertical main motor (513) by vertical gear reduction box (515), and vertical main motor is fixed on the vertical ram by vertical main motor cabinet (514).
14. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of the numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described vertical spindle device (5) is vertical grinding main shaft device, comprise crossbeam saddle (501), it is flexibly connected vertical ram by vertical ram gib, be provided with vertical screw mandrel (502) in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors (503), vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat (504), be provided with vertical shaft bearing (505) in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing (506) between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram (507), vertical ram is provided with vertical mount pad (516), vertical mount pad is provided with can be to the vertical grinding head body (517) of either direction rotation in same vertical plane, and vertical grinding head body two ends are respectively equipped with vertical main motor (513) and emery wheel (518).
15. a kind of tool magazine according to claim 1 and 2 and main shaft are compounded in the vertical sleeping Compositions of metal-working machines of the numerical control gantry of saddle, it is characterized in that described vertical spindle device (5) is the vertical and high-speed electric main shaft device, comprise crossbeam saddle (501), it is flexibly connected vertical ram by vertical ram gib, be provided with vertical screw mandrel (502) in the crossbeam saddle, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical drive motors (503), vertical drive motors is fixed on the crossbeam saddle by vertical drive motors seat (504), be provided with vertical shaft bearing (505) in the crossbeam saddle, be provided with vertical bearing (506) between vertical shaft bearing and the vertical screw mandrel, vertical screw mandrel is connected with vertical ram (507), is connected with vertical electric main shaft (522) on the vertical ram.
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CN103862287A (en) * 2014-03-10 2014-06-18 宁波市凯博数控机械有限公司 High-efficiency numerical-control drilling-milling machine tool
CN104074942A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-10-01 苏州博众精工科技有限公司 Gantry servo synchronous drive and dual screw rod single drive mechanism
CN104368994A (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-02-25 浙江法拿克机械科技有限公司 Workbench mechanism of compound machining center
CN104802013A (en) * 2015-04-28 2015-07-29 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Multi-surface processing numerical control processing center
CN105881107A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-08-24 杭州大天数控机床有限公司 Vertical-horizontal composite pentahedron gantry machining center
CN106271887A (en) * 2016-08-10 2017-01-04 杭州大天数控机床有限公司 Vertical sleeping compound gantry machining center
CN106312588A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-01-11 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 Aligning method and device for central coordinate system of rotary working table of numerical control machining center
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