CN112616595B - Cultivation method and cultivation equipment for promoting expansion of tuber of bletilla striata - Google Patents

Cultivation method and cultivation equipment for promoting expansion of tuber of bletilla striata Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112616595B
CN112616595B CN202011374558.8A CN202011374558A CN112616595B CN 112616595 B CN112616595 B CN 112616595B CN 202011374558 A CN202011374558 A CN 202011374558A CN 112616595 B CN112616595 B CN 112616595B
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cultivation
tuber
cultivation method
bletilla striata
pipe
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CN112616595A (en
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罗从珍
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Chishui Baihuagu Chinese Herbal Medicine Farmers' Professional Cooperative
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Chishui Baihuagu Chinese Herbal Medicine Farmers' Professional Cooperative
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/25Root crops, e.g. potatoes, yams, beet or wasabi
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/02Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil
    • A01C23/023Special arrangements for delivering the liquid directly into the soil for liquid or gas fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/003Controls for self-acting watering devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/005Reservoirs connected to flower-pots through conduits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0295Units comprising two or more connected receptacles

Abstract

The invention discloses a cultivation method for promoting the expansion of bletilla striata tubers, which comprises the following steps: s1: soil preparation, ploughing arable land to dig out and plant the ditch, lay the permeable formation at the ditch bottom, every is planted the inside a plurality of cultivation casees of placing of ditch, and U-shaped storage pipe passes through the connecting pipe intercommunication in the adjacent cultivation case in the same planting ditch, and the governing valve passes through the transfer line transmission and connects in the cultivation case in the unified planting ditch, then cultivation incasement portion fills soil and fertilizer, relates to tuber of hyacinth bletilla and plants technical field. This through setting up cultivation case, plant the tuber of hyacinth bletilla seedling in cultivation incasement infiltration ring center department, when fertilizeing, inside liquid fertilizer can enter into the infiltration ring through transport module 3, and permeate soil through the water conservancy diversion hole, can make the direct infiltration of fertilizer near the root of tuber of hyacinth bletilla, make the tuber of hyacinth bletilla carry out better absorption to fertilizer, the loss that very big reduction fertilizer and make the better that the tuber of hyacinth bletilla grows, promote the tuber of hyacinth bletilla to expand.

Description

Cultivation method and cultivation equipment for promoting expansion of tuber of bletilla striata
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of bletilla striata planting, in particular to a cultivation method and cultivation equipment for promoting the expansion of bletilla striata tubers.
Background
Bletilla striata, namely glechoma longituba, rhizoma nardostachyos, cortex indocalami, cymbidium sinensis, purple cymbidium, eriosema chinense, radix trichosanthis, white baby chick, white root and rhizoma polygoni multiflori, perennial herbaceous bulbous plants (root tubers) with the height of 18-60 cm have wide medicinal value and garden value. It is mainly used for astringing to stop bleeding, eliminating swelling and promoting granulation. The flower has purple red, white, blue, yellow and pink colors, can be viewed in a potted plant room, and can also be embellished on a shaded flower table, a flower environment or a corner of a courtyard.
At present bletilla striata planting in-process moisturizes and fertilizes and directly fertilizes or waters to the soil surface usually to bletilla striata soil, by the automatic infiltration of fertilizer, and infiltration in-process fertilizer runs off easily, stops in upper soil, makes the bletilla striata root absorb the nourishment incompletely, and is difficult for mastering the volume of fertilizeing during the fertilization, makes the bletilla striata fertilization volume of every easily too much too little.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a cultivation method and cultivation equipment for promoting the enlargement of bletilla striata tubers, which solve the problems that the bletilla striata roots are incompletely absorbed by nutrients because the fertilizers automatically permeate into the upper-layer soil after the bletilla striata soil is moisturized and the fertilizers are generally directly applied to the soil surface or watered and the fertilizers are partially remained in the upper-layer soil in the conventional bletilla striata planting process.
(II) technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: a cultivation method for promoting tuber expansion of rhizoma bletilla comprises the following steps:
s1: preparing land, ploughing, digging out planting ditches, paving permeable layers at the bottoms of the ditches, placing a plurality of planting boxes in each planting ditch, communicating U-shaped storage pipes in adjacent planting boxes in the same planting ditch through connecting pipes, connecting regulating valves in the planting boxes in the same planting ditch through transmission rods in a transmission manner, and filling soil and fertilizers in the planting boxes;
s2: cultivation: selecting bletilla striata tubers with bud eyes for cutting to obtain sowing tubers with at least 2 bud eyes, soaking the sowing tubers in gibberellin solution with the mass concentration of 0.02-0.05% for 36-48h, and then planting the seeds in the cultivation box and in the center of a permeation ring;
s3: field management: keeping soil moist in the growth period, periodically weeding and loosening the soil, applying fertilizer for 1 time every 2 weeks, and applying phosphate fertilizer for 1 time after the flowering phase.
The utility model provides a promote cultivation equipment that tuber of hyacinth bletilla is expanded, includes a plurality of cultivation casees, the inside fixed mounting of cultivation case has transport assembly, transport assembly goes up fixedly connected with infiltration subassembly, one side fixedly connected with mounting panel of cultivation case, fixed mounting has U-shaped storage pipe on the mounting panel, and is adjacent through the connecting pipe intercommunication between the U-shaped storage pipe, the bottom intercommunication of U-shaped storage pipe has the discharging pipe, be provided with the governing valve on the discharging pipe, it is adjacent connect through the transfer line transmission between the governing valve, be located one end one side fixedly connected with fixed plate of U-shaped storage pipe, one side fixed mounting of fixed plate has electric telescopic handle, the one end fixed mounting of electric telescopic handle output shaft has the catch bar, the one end of catch bar with one side fixed connection of governing valve.
Further, the governing valve includes the rectangle cover, the inside of rectangle cover is provided with sealed piece, the constant head tank has all been seted up to the both sides of rectangle cover inner wall, the both sides of sealed piece extend to the inside of two constant head tanks respectively, the surface cover of sealed piece is equipped with the gum cover.
The surface of the sealing block is bonded with the rubber sleeve, so that the sealing performance can be improved, and the leakage of liquid can be prevented.
Furthermore, two ends of the driving rod are respectively fixed on the opposite sides of the sealing blocks in the two adjacent regulating valves, one end of the pushing rod is fixed on one side, away from the driving rod, of the sealing block, and a sealing sleeve is sleeved on the surface of the pushing rod.
The surface of the push rod is sleeved with the sealing sleeve, so that the sealing performance is improved, and when the transmission rod is arranged to push the sealing blocks located at the end part, other sealing blocks can be driven to move simultaneously.
Furthermore, the one end threaded connection of the U-shaped storage pipe that is located the other end has the locking cap, fixed mounting has photoelectric switch on the locking cap, just the inside of U-shaped storage pipe just is located photoelectric switch's below and is provided with the piston piece.
Through setting up the piston piece, after the inside filling liquid of U-shaped storage pipe that is located the afterbody, the piston piece rises immediately, and is full of to the same with other U-shaped storage pipe internal capacity when the inside packing of U-shaped storage pipe, and the piston piece is responded to by photoelectric switch, starts electric telescopic handle this moment, opens the governing valve, fertilizes convenient to use.
Further, infiltration subassembly includes the infiltration ring, the bottom intercommunication of infiltration ring has a plurality of extensions, the inboard of extension with the water conservancy diversion hole has all been seted up to the bottom of infiltration ring.
Furthermore, grid plates are fixedly mounted on the extending pieces and the permeation rings and positioned outside the diversion holes, and geotechnical cloth is bonded on the outer sides of the grid plates.
Soil can be placed to enter the inside of the diversion hole by arranging the grid plate and matching with the geotextile to block the diversion hole.
Further, a flow guide block is fixedly connected between two sides of the inner wall of the extension piece, and a plurality of through holes are formed in the flow guide block.
Through the arrangement of the through holes, liquid is guided to the lower layer flow guide block through the through holes.
Further, the conveying assembly comprises a first leading-in pipe and a second leading-in pipe, the permeation ring is fixed between the first leading-in pipe and the second leading-in pipe, the first leading-in pipe and the second leading-in pipe are communicated with the interior of the permeation ring, one end of the first leading-in pipe is communicated with the discharge pipe at the bottom of the U-shaped storage pipe through a first L-shaped pipe, and one end of the second leading-in pipe is communicated with the first L-shaped pipe through a second L-shaped pipe.
Furthermore, a reverse osmosis membrane is fixedly installed at the bottom of the cultivation box.
Reverse osmosis membrane can pin fertilizer, reduces and runs off.
(III) advantageous effects
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) this promote cultivation method and cultivation equipment that tuber of hyacinth bletilla expands, through setting up the cultivation case, plant the tuber of hyacinth bletilla seedling in cultivation incasement infiltration ring center department, when fertilizeing, liquid fertilizer can enter into the inside of infiltration ring through transport assembly, and permeate soil through the water conservancy diversion hole, can make the direct infiltration of fertilizer near the root of tuber of hyacinth bletilla, make the tuber of hyacinth bletilla carry out better absorption to fertilizer, the very big loss that reduces fertilizer and make the better that tuber of hyacinth bletilla grows, promote tuber of hyacinth bletilla to expand.
(2) According to the cultivation method and the cultivation equipment for promoting the expansion of the bletilla striata tubers, the U-shaped storage pipes in the same planting ditch are connected through the connecting pipe, the adjusting valve is in transmission connection through the transmission rod, and when fertilizer is applied, the fertilizer is sequentially filled in each U-shaped storage pipe, namely the bletilla striata in each cultivation box can be quantitatively irrigated, so that the quantity of the bletilla striata is small, and the growth of the bletilla striata is better promoted;
and after liquid fertilizer filled the inside of last U-shaped storage tube, drive the piston piece and rise, trigger photoelectric switch, wherein electric telescopic handle promotes sealed piece, because adjacent sealed piece passes through the transfer line transmission and connects, promotes other sealed pieces simultaneously, makes the governing valve open, fertilizes all cultivation casees simultaneously, uses convenience more, high efficiency.
Of course, it is not necessary for any product in which the invention is practiced to achieve all of the above-described advantages at the same time.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a top view of a growing box of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a cultivating box according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the U-shaped storage tube of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 2 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of portion B of FIG. 3 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of portion C of FIG. 3 in accordance with the present invention;
in the figure, 1-cultivation box, 2-infiltration component, 21-infiltration ring, 22-extension component, 23-diversion block, 24-geotextile, 25-through hole, 26-diversion hole, 27-grid plate, 3-conveying component, 31-first lead-in pipe, 32-second lead-in pipe, 33-first L-shaped pipe, 34-second L-shaped pipe, 4-mounting plate, 5-U-shaped storage pipe, 6-regulating valve, 61-rectangular cover, 62-sealing block, 63-positioning groove, 64-rubber sleeve, 7-connecting pipe, 8-reverse osmosis membrane, 9-fixing plate, 10-electric telescopic rod, 11-transmission rod, 12-push rod, 13-sealing sleeve, 14-fixing cap, 15-photoelectric switch, 16-piston block.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "opening," "upper," "lower," "thickness," "top," "middle," "length," "inner," "peripheral," and the like are used in an orientation or positional relationship that is merely for convenience in describing and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced component or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-6, an embodiment of the present invention provides a technical solution: a cultivation method for promoting tuber expansion of rhizoma bletilla comprises the following steps:
s1: preparing soil, ploughing, digging planting furrows, paving permeable layers at the bottoms of the furrows, placing a plurality of cultivation boxes 1 in each planting furrow, communicating U-shaped storage pipes 5 in adjacent cultivation boxes 1 in the same planting furrow through connecting pipes 7, connecting regulating valves 6 in the cultivation boxes 1 in the same planting furrow in a transmission manner through transmission rods 11, and filling soil and fertilizers in the cultivation boxes 1;
s2: cultivation: selecting bletilla striata tubers with bud eyes for cutting to obtain sowing tubers with at least 2 bud eyes, soaking the sowing tubers in gibberellin solution with the mass concentration of 0.02-0.05% for 36-48h, and then planting the seeds in the cultivation box 1 and at the center of the infiltration ring 21;
s3: field management: keeping soil moist in the growth period, periodically weeding and loosening the soil, applying fertilizer for 1 time every 2 weeks, and applying phosphate fertilizer for 1 time after the flowering phase.
The permeable layer is formed by laying sand, the fertilizer is selected from at least one of compost, livestock manure and stable manure, and the additive can be selected from one of perlite and vermiculite;
the planting depth of the bletilla striata tubers is 3-5 cm.
A cultivation device for promoting the enlargement of bletilla striata tubers comprises a plurality of cultivation boxes 1, a conveying component 3 is fixedly arranged in each cultivation box 1, the transmission component 3 is fixedly connected with a permeation component 2, one side of the cultivation box 1 is fixedly connected with a mounting plate 4, the mounting plate 4 is fixedly provided with U-shaped storage tubes 5, the adjacent U-shaped storage tubes 5 are communicated through a connecting tube 7, the bottom of the U-shaped storage pipe 5 is communicated with a discharge pipe, the discharge pipe is provided with regulating valves 6, adjacent regulating valves 6 are in transmission connection through transmission rods 11, one side of the U-shaped storage pipe 5 at one end is fixedly connected with a fixing plate 9, an electric telescopic rod 10 is fixedly mounted on one side of the fixing plate 9, a push rod 12 is fixedly mounted at one end of an output shaft of the electric telescopic rod 10, and one end of the push rod 12 is fixedly connected with one side of the regulating valve 6.
A plurality of cultivation boxes are arranged in the same planting ditch, and the number is specifically set according to the planting scale.
Governing valve 6 includes rectangle cover 61, the inside of rectangle cover 61 is provided with sealed piece 62, constant head tank 63 has all been seted up to the both sides of rectangle cover 61 inner wall, the both sides of sealed piece 62 extend to the inside of two constant head tanks 63 respectively, the surface cover of sealed piece 62 is equipped with gum cover 64.
The rubber sleeve 64 is tightly attached to the inner wall of the positioning groove 63.
Two ends of the driving rod 11 are respectively fixed on the opposite sides of the sealing blocks 62 in the two adjacent regulating valves 6, one end of the pushing rod 12 is fixed on one side of the sealing block far away from the driving rod 11, and the surface of the pushing rod 12 is sleeved with a sealing sleeve 13.
And one end of the U-shaped storage tube 5 positioned at the other end is in threaded connection with a fixing cap 14, a photoelectric switch 15 is fixedly installed on the fixing cap 14, and a piston block 16 is arranged in the U-shaped storage tube 5 and below the photoelectric switch 15.
The piston block 16 is made of rubber-plastic cotton or other light materials.
The infiltration subassembly 2 includes infiltration ring 21, the bottom intercommunication of infiltration ring 21 has a plurality of extensions 22, the inboard of extension 22 with the bottom of infiltration ring 21 has all seted up water conservancy diversion hole 26.
The extending pieces 22 are uniformly arrayed at the bottom of the infiltration ring 21, the number of the extending pieces is not less than six, and the extending pieces 22 are arranged in an inclined inward mode.
Grid plates 27 are fixedly arranged on the extending pieces 22 and the permeation rings 21 and positioned outside the diversion holes 26, and geotextiles 24 are bonded on the outer sides of the grid plates 27.
The grid plate 27 and geotextile 24 are fixed by screws.
A flow guide block 23 is fixedly connected between two sides of the inner wall of the extension piece 22, and a plurality of through holes 25 are formed in the flow guide block 23.
Conveying assembly 3 includes first induction pipe 31 and second induction pipe 32, infiltration ring 21 is fixed in between first induction pipe 31 and the second induction pipe 32, just first induction pipe 31 and second induction pipe 32 communicate with the inside of infiltration ring 21, the one end of first induction pipe 31 through first L venturi tube 33 with U-shaped storage pipe 5 bottom discharging pipe intercommunication, the one end of second induction pipe 32 through second L venturi tube 34 with first L venturi tube 33 communicates.
The bottom of the cultivation box 1 is fixedly provided with a reverse osmosis membrane 8.
The bottom of the cultivation box 1 is not sealed, and the electric telescopic rod 10 and the photoelectric switch 15 are powered by the storage battery.
The working principle is that ploughing is carried out, planting ditches are dug, permeable layers are laid at the bottoms of the ditches, a plurality of cultivation boxes 1 are placed inside each planting ditch, U-shaped storage pipes 5 in adjacent cultivation boxes 1 in the same planting ditch are communicated through connecting pipes 7, regulating valves 6 in the cultivation boxes 1 in the same planting ditch are in transmission connection through transmission rods 11, and then soil and fertilizers are filled inside the cultivation boxes 1;
wherein lie in U-shaped storage pipe 5 of one end wherein in every planting ditch and pass through the pipeline and be connected with house steward, house steward is connected with the water pump output, and the water pump input is connected with water source or fertilization case, and fertilizer uses liquid fertilizer.
Selecting bletilla striata tubers with bud eyes for cutting to obtain sowing tubers with at least 2 bud eyes, soaking the sowing tubers in gibberellin solution with the mass concentration of 0.02-0.05% for 36-48h, and then planting the seeds in the cultivation box 1 and at the center of the infiltration ring 21;
keeping soil moist in the growth period, periodically weeding and loosening the soil, applying fertilizer for 1 time every 2 weeks, and applying phosphate fertilizer for 1 time after the flowering phase.
When the bletilla striata is fertilized, liquid fertilizer is pumped into the main pipe through the water pump and enters the U-shaped storage pipes 5 in the corresponding planting ditches by attention, the liquid fertilizer sequentially passes through the connecting pipes 7 to fully fill the U-shaped storage pipes 5 in the plurality of cultivation boxes 1, and the liquid fertilizer flows into the next U-shaped storage pipe 5 after the previous U-shaped storage pipe 5 is fully filled;
when the last U-shaped storage tube 5 is filled, the liquid rises to drive the piston block 16 to move upwards, when the U-shaped storage tube 5 is filled, the photoelectric switch 15 senses the state, the electric telescopic rod 10 is controlled to push the sealing block 62, the adjacent sealing block 62 is pushed to move through the sealing block 62 and the transmission rod 11, so that the liquid fertilizer sequentially flows into the first L-shaped tube 33, then enters the first inlet tube 31, enters the second inlet tube 32 through the second L-shaped tube 34, then enters the permeation ring 21, the solution is discharged through the bottom of the permeation ring 21 and the diversion holes 26 on the inner side of the extension piece 22, and the bletilla is planted in the middle of the permeation ring 21, so that the liquid fertilizer can directly permeate to the root of the bletilla, the fertilizer can be better absorbed by the bletilla, and the growth state of the bletilla can be improved;
and can prevent the loss of fertilizer, better pinning fertilizer through setting up reverse osmosis membrane 8.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (9)

1. A cultivation method for promoting the expansion of tubers of bletilla striata is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
s1: preparing soil, ploughing, digging planting furrows, paving permeable layers at the bottoms of the furrows, placing a plurality of cultivation boxes (1) in each planting furrow, communicating U-shaped storage pipes (5) in adjacent cultivation boxes (1) in the same planting furrow through connecting pipes (7), connecting regulating valves (6) in the cultivation boxes (1) in the same planting furrow through transmission rods (11) in a transmission manner, and filling soil and fertilizers in the cultivation boxes (1);
s2: cultivation: selecting bletilla striata tubers with bud eyes for cutting to obtain sowing tubers with at least 2 bud eyes, soaking the sowing tubers in gibberellin solution with the mass concentration of 0.02-0.05% for 36-48h, and then planting the seeds in the cultivation box (1) and in the center of the infiltration ring (21);
s3: field management: keeping soil moist in the growth period, periodically weeding and loosening the soil, applying fertilizers for 1 time every 2 weeks, and applying phosphate fertilizers for 1 time after the flowering phase;
the cultivation equipment for promoting the enlargement of the bletilla striata tubers is used for promoting the enlargement of the bletilla striata tubers: comprises a plurality of cultivation boxes (1), the inside fixed mounting of cultivation box (1) has transport assembly (3), fixedly connected with infiltration subassembly (2) is gone up in transport assembly (3), one side fixedly connected with mounting panel (4) of cultivation box (1), fixed mounting has U-shaped storage pipe (5) on mounting panel (4), and is adjacent communicate through connecting pipe (7) between U-shaped storage pipe (5), the bottom intercommunication of U-shaped storage pipe (5) has the discharging pipe, be provided with governing valve (6) on the discharging pipe, adjacent connect through transfer line (11) transmission between governing valve (6), be located one end one side fixedly connected with fixed plate (9) of U-shaped storage pipe (5), one side fixed mounting of fixed plate (9) has electric telescopic handle (10), the one end fixed mounting of electric telescopic handle (10) output shaft has catch bar (12), one end of the push rod (12) is fixedly connected with one side of the regulating valve (6).
2. The cultivation method for promoting the enlargement of the tuber of bletilla striata according to claim 1, wherein the cultivation method comprises the following steps: governing valve (6) include rectangle cover (61), the inside of rectangle cover (61) is provided with sealed piece (62), constant head tank (63) have all been seted up to the both sides of rectangle cover (61) inner wall, the both sides of sealed piece 62 extend to the inside of two constant head tanks (63) respectively, the surface cover of sealed piece (62) is equipped with gum cover (64).
3. The cultivation method for promoting the enlargement of the tuber of bletilla striata according to claim 1, wherein the cultivation method comprises the following steps: two ends of the driving rod (11) are respectively fixed on one side, opposite to the sealing block (62), of each of the two adjacent regulating valves (6), one end of the pushing rod (12) is fixed on one side, far away from the driving rod (11), of the sealing block, and a sealing sleeve (13) is sleeved on the surface of the pushing rod (12).
4. The cultivation method for promoting the enlargement of the tuber of bletilla striata according to claim 1, wherein the cultivation method comprises the following steps: the one end threaded connection of U-shaped storage pipe (5) that is located the other end has locking cap (14), fixed mounting has photoelectric switch (15) on locking cap (14), just the inside of U-shaped storage pipe (5) just is located the below of photoelectric switch (15) and is provided with piston piece (16).
5. The cultivation method for promoting the enlargement of the tuber of bletilla striata according to claim 1, wherein the cultivation method comprises the following steps: infiltration subassembly (2) are including infiltration ring (21), the bottom intercommunication of infiltration ring (21) has a plurality of extensions (22), the inboard of extension (22) with water conservancy diversion hole (26) have all been seted up to the bottom of infiltration ring (21).
6. The cultivation method for promoting the enlargement of the tuber of bletilla striata according to claim 5, wherein the cultivation method comprises the following steps: grid plates (27) are fixedly mounted on the extending pieces (22) and the permeation rings (21) and positioned outside the diversion holes (26), and geotextiles (24) are bonded on the outer sides of the grid plates (27).
7. The cultivation method for promoting the enlargement of the tuber of bletilla striata according to claim 6, wherein the cultivation method comprises the following steps: fixedly connected with water conservancy diversion piece (23) between the both sides of extension piece (22) inner wall, a plurality of through-holes (25) have been seted up on water conservancy diversion piece (23).
8. The cultivation method for promoting the enlargement of the tuber of bletilla striata according to claim 4, wherein the cultivation method comprises the following steps: conveying component (3) include first induction pipe (31) and second induction pipe (32), infiltration ring (21) are fixed in between first induction pipe (31) and second induction pipe (32), just first induction pipe (31) and second induction pipe (32) communicate with the inside of infiltration ring (21), the one end of first induction pipe (31) through first L venturi tube (33) with U-shaped storage pipe (5) bottom discharging pipe intercommunication, the one end of second induction pipe (32) through second L venturi tube (34) with first L venturi tube (33) intercommunication.
9. The cultivation method for promoting the enlargement of the tuber of bletilla striata according to claim 1, wherein the cultivation method comprises the following steps: the bottom of the cultivation box (1) is fixedly provided with a reverse osmosis membrane (8).
CN202011374558.8A 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 Cultivation method and cultivation equipment for promoting expansion of tuber of bletilla striata Active CN112616595B (en)

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