CN112425350B - Crop straw harvesting and bundling machine and working method thereof - Google Patents

Crop straw harvesting and bundling machine and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112425350B
CN112425350B CN202011305762.4A CN202011305762A CN112425350B CN 112425350 B CN112425350 B CN 112425350B CN 202011305762 A CN202011305762 A CN 202011305762A CN 112425350 B CN112425350 B CN 112425350B
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wheel
shaft
rod
rotate
conveying
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CN112425350A (en
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邓传虎
邓衍夫
张华�
蒋娜
刘文婷
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Anhui Dengshi Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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Anhui Dengshi Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D37/00Reaper-binders

Abstract

The invention discloses a crop straw harvesting and bundling machine, which comprises a crushed material bundling box and a material receiving box, wherein a crushed material pipe is arranged at one end of the top of the material receiving box, the crushed material bundling box is arranged at one side of the material receiving box, the material receiving box is communicated with the crushed material bundling box through the crushed material pipe, a material inlet is formed in the side wall of one end of the material receiving box, a conveying frame is arranged at one side of the bottom of the material inlet, after crop straws enter the material receiving box, a driving wheel drives a crushing wheel to rotate through a belt, the crushing wheel rotates to drive a crushing shaft to rotate, the crop straws entering the material receiving box are crushed, fruits and the straws are separated from the straws, the fruits are collected through a leakage plate, the straws enter the crushed material bundling box through the material pipe to realize bundling, the straw collecting and bundling work is carried out while the crops and the fruits are separated, and the straws are prevented from flying apart, the straw centralized treatment is convenient, and the phenomenon that the traditional straw is not easy to treat and burn on the spot is avoided.

Description

Crop straw harvesting and bundling machine and working method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of crop processing equipment, in particular to a crop straw harvesting and bundling machine and a working method thereof.
Background
The straw is a general term of stem and leaf parts of mature crops. Generally refers to the remainder of wheat, rice, corn, potatoes, oilseed rape, cotton, sugar cane and other crops after harvesting the seeds. At present, after the crops and fruits are harvested by using harvesting equipment, straws are scattered in a discarded field and are not easy to treat, and a phenomenon that farmers burn on the spot exists, so that the environment is polluted.
The existing crop straw reaping and bundling machine cannot complete crop straw conveying work while realizing straw cutting, is inconvenient to realize the crop straw conveying work, needs to additionally use a motor to drive a material conveying shaft to rotate, and has large occupied space and high use cost; the existing crop straw harvesting and bundling machine cannot combine shifting, cutting and conveying together and run synchronously, so that uniform straw feeding cannot be guaranteed, fruits on crop straws are not fully fallen, the fruits are conveyed to the outer side along with the straws, and waste is caused; the existing crop straw reaping and bundling machine cannot collect and bundle crop straws while separating the crop straws from fruits, and directly arranges the straws into the field, so that the straws scatter, the straw centralized treatment is inconvenient, and the phenomenon that the traditional straws are difficult to treat and burn on the spot is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a crop straw harvesting and bundling machine and a working method thereof, aiming at solving the problems that the existing crop straw harvesting and bundling machine cannot complete crop straw conveying work while realizing straw cutting, is inconvenient to realize the crop straw conveying work, needs to additionally use a motor to drive a conveying shaft to rotate, and has large occupied space and high use cost; the existing crop straw harvesting and bundling machine cannot combine shifting, cutting and conveying together and run synchronously, so that uniform straw feeding cannot be guaranteed, fruits on crop straws are not fully fallen, the fruits are conveyed to the outer side along with the straws, and waste is caused; current crop straw reaps bundling machine can't carry out the straw and collect the work of bundling when crop straw separates with the fruit, directly arranges the field in the straw, and the straw scatters, and the straw centralized processing of being not convenient for has the difficult problem of handling the phenomenon of burning on the spot of traditional straw.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a crop straw reaping and bundling machine comprises a crushed material bundling box and a material receiving box, wherein a crushed material pipe is arranged at one end of the top of the material receiving box, the crushed material bundling box is arranged on one side of the material receiving box, the material receiving box is communicated with the crushed material bundling box through the crushed material pipe, a feed inlet is formed in the side wall of one end of the material receiving box, a conveying frame is arranged on one side of the bottom of the feed inlet, second driving wheels are respectively arranged at two ends of the inner part of the conveying frame, a conveying belt is arranged between the two second driving wheels, a plurality of anti-skidding plates are arranged on the conveying belt, middle shafts at two ends of the second driving wheels are respectively arranged on the inner walls at two sides of the conveying frame, a middle shaft at one end of the second driving wheel below penetrates through the side wall of the conveying frame, belt pulleys are arranged on the end face of the middle shaft, the top end of the conveying frame is arranged in the material receiving box, a shovel plate is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the conveying frame, and a driving wheel is arranged on one side of the shovel plate, the crushing device comprises a collecting box, a driving wheel, a crushing shaft, a sleeve, a plurality of crushing rods, a bushing, a leakage plate, crushing wheels and a belt, wherein the driving wheel is in transmission connection with the output end of an external motor;
one end of the driving wheel is fixedly connected with a first auxiliary wheel, one side of the first auxiliary wheel is provided with a first supporting rod, one end of the first supporting rod is rotatably connected with one end of a second supporting rod, a material conveying shaft is arranged in the shovel plate, two ends of the material conveying shaft are respectively arranged on the side walls of two sides of the shovel plate, two ends of the material conveying shaft penetrate through the side wall of the shovel plate, the two ends of the material conveying shaft are respectively and fixedly connected with a first driving wheel, one side of one first driving wheel is fixedly connected with a second auxiliary wheel, the other first driving wheel is connected with the belt pulley through a belt, one side of the second auxiliary wheel is provided with a second supporting rod, one end of the second supporting rod is fixedly connected with a push rod, the shovel plate on one side of the first driving wheel is provided with a fixed block, the bottom of the fixed block is provided with a rotating shaft, the side wall of the bottom end of the rotating shaft is provided with two rotating rods, one end of one rotating rod is fixedly connected with a pull rod, the pull rod top and push rod swing joint, the both sides of shovel board are the fixed limiting plate that is provided with respectively, are provided with the flow distribution plate on the bottom surface of the shovel board between two limiting plates, and the inside of flow distribution plate is provided with cuts the board, and the top position of shovel board both sides lateral wall is provided with the backup pad respectively, is provided with two carriage between two backup pads, connects through a plurality of horizontal poles between two carriages, is provided with a plurality of driving levers on every horizontal pole respectively.
As a further scheme of the invention: the middle positions of the side walls of the two sides of the collecting box are respectively provided with a bearing, the two ends of the smashing shaft are respectively arranged on the two bearings, the smashing shaft is driven to rotate through the smashing wheel, the smashing shaft is driven to rotate, crop straws entering the collecting box are smashed, and fruit collection is carried out.
As a further scheme of the invention: the fixed dead lever that is provided with of lateral wall border position of first auxiliary wheel, the through-hole has been seted up to the one end of first branch, and the dead lever passes the inside of through-hole and rotates with first branch to be connected, also is provided with the dead lever on the second auxiliary wheel, and the dead lever is located the lateral wall border position of second auxiliary wheel, and the second auxiliary wheel rotates with the dead lever to be connected, and when first auxiliary wheel rotated, the drive first branch carried out the push-and-pull effect that circulates to second branch, realized the rotation work that circulates of pivot through the pull rod.
As a further scheme of the invention: the middle position of the lateral wall of both sides of shovel board is provided with the bearing respectively, and the both ends of fortune material axle set up the inside at two bearings respectively, are provided with the auger on the lateral wall of fortune material axle, and when fortune material axle rotated, make the auger take place to rotate, removed crop straw to the position of conveying frame, realize crop straw conveying work.
As a further scheme of the invention: the through-hole has been seted up to the bottom surface of fixed block, and the top setting of pivot is in the inside of fixed block bottom surface through-hole, and the fixed block rotates with the top of pivot to be connected for the pivot can be in the fixed block, inside rotation, carry out the push-and-pull cutting board, make cutting board and flow distribution plate cooperation, realize crop straw cutting work.
As a further scheme of the invention: the middle part of two carriage is provided with dials the material axle, dial the outside that two carriages stretched out the carriage respectively in the both ends of expecting the axle, and dial the both ends of expecting the axle and be provided with respectively and dial the thing wheel, dial the material axle both ends and set up respectively in two backup pads, one of them dials the thing wheel and passes through the belt with the first drive wheel of its below and be connected, when first drive wheel rotates, dial the thing wheel through belt drive and rotate, make two carriages rotate, then make a plurality of driving levers on the horizontal pole rotate, stir the fortune material epaxial with crop straw, realize the straw conveying effect.
As a further scheme of the invention: the cutting plate is connected with the splitter plate in a sliding mode, one end of the cutting plate is connected with one end of the rotating rod in a rotating mode, and the rotating rod rotates in a circulating mode to push and pull the cutting plate, so that the cutting plate moves in the internal circulation mode of the splitter plate, and the straw cutting purpose is achieved.
A working method of a crop straw harvesting and bundling machine specifically comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the output end of an external motor drives the driving wheel to rotate, the driving wheel drives the first auxiliary wheel to rotate, a fixed rod is fixedly arranged at the edge position of the outer side wall of the first auxiliary wheel, a through hole is formed in one end of the first supporting rod, the fixed rod penetrates through the through hole and is rotatably connected with the first supporting rod, a fixed rod is also arranged on the second auxiliary wheel and is positioned at the edge position of the outer side wall of the second auxiliary wheel, the second auxiliary wheel is rotatably connected with the fixed rod, when the first auxiliary wheel rotates, the first supporting rod is driven to circularly push and pull the second supporting rod, the second auxiliary wheel rotates, the rotating shaft is circularly rotated through a pull rod, the rotating rod is driven to circularly rotate, the cutting plate is pushed and pulled through the rotating rod, the cutting plate circularly moves in the shunting plate, the straw cutting purpose is realized, and when the second auxiliary wheel rotates, the first driving wheel is driven to rotate, the first driving wheel drives the conveying shaft to rotate, so that the packing auger rotates, the crop straws are moved to the position of the conveying frame, and the crop straw conveying work is completed while cutting;
step two: the first driving wheel drives the material stirring wheels to rotate through a belt, the material stirring shaft is arranged in the middle of the two support frames, two ends of the material stirring shaft penetrate through the two support frames respectively and extend out of the outer sides of the support frames, the material stirring wheels are arranged at two ends of the material stirring shaft respectively, two ends of the material stirring shaft are arranged on the two support plates respectively, one material stirring wheel is connected with the first driving wheel below the material stirring wheel through the belt, the material stirring shaft is driven to rotate through the material stirring wheel, the two support frames are driven to rotate, then the material stirring rods on the transverse rod are driven to rotate, crop straws are stirred onto the material conveying shaft and matched with the material conveying shaft, the straws are conveyed onto the conveying belt, the belt wheel is driven to rotate through the first driving wheel on the other side of the shovel plate, the conveying belt synchronously rotates, and the straws are conveyed into the material collecting box;
step three: after the crop straws enter the interior of the material collecting box, the driving wheel is driven by a belt to break the wheel to rotate, the driving wheel is driven by the breaking wheel to rotate, the driving breaking shaft is driven to rotate, the crop straws entering the interior of the material collecting box are broken to separate fruits from the straws, the fruits are leaked and collected through the leakage plates, and the straws enter the crushed materials through the crushed materials pipe to bundle the interior of the material collecting box to realize bundling.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. in the invention, the output end of an external motor drives the driving wheel to rotate, the driving wheel drives the first auxiliary wheel to rotate, a fixed rod is fixedly arranged at the edge position of the outer side wall of the first auxiliary wheel, one end of a first supporting rod is provided with a through hole, the fixed rod penetrates through the inside of the through hole and is rotatably connected with the first supporting rod, a fixed rod is also arranged on the second auxiliary wheel, the fixed rod is positioned at the edge position of the outer side wall of the second auxiliary wheel, the second auxiliary wheel is rotatably connected with the fixed rod, when the first auxiliary wheel rotates, the first supporting rod is driven to circularly push and pull the second supporting rod, the second auxiliary wheel rotates, the rotating shaft is circularly rotated by a pull rod, the rotating rod circularly rotates, the plate is pushed and pulled by the rotating rod, the cutting plate circularly moves in the shunting plate, the straw cutting purpose is realized, and when the second auxiliary wheel rotates, the first driving wheel is driven to rotate, the first driving wheel drives the conveying shaft to rotate, so that the packing auger rotates to move crop straws to the position of the conveying frame, the crop straw conveying work is convenient to realize, the crop straw conveying work is completed while the crop straws are cut, a motor does not need to be additionally used for driving the conveying shaft to rotate, the occupied space of the device is reduced, and the cost is saved;
2. in the invention, a first driving wheel drives a material stirring wheel to rotate through a belt, a material stirring shaft is arranged in the middle of two support frames, two ends of the material stirring shaft respectively penetrate through the two support frames and extend out of the support frames, the material stirring wheels are respectively arranged at two ends of the material stirring shaft, two ends of the material stirring shaft are respectively arranged on two support plates, one material stirring wheel is connected with a first driving wheel below the material stirring wheel through the belt, the material stirring shaft is driven to rotate through the material stirring wheel, so that the two support frames rotate, a plurality of material stirring rods on a cross rod rotate, crop straws are stirred onto a material conveying shaft and are matched with the material conveying shaft to be conveyed onto a conveying belt, the conveying belt synchronously rotates through a first driving wheel on the other side of a shovel plate, the straws are conveyed into the material collecting box, the material stirring, the cutting and the conveying are combined together to synchronously operate, the straw feeding is ensured to be uniform, the fruits on the crop straws are ensured to be fully knocked down, and the fruits are prevented from being conveyed to the outside along with the straws, so that waste is avoided;
3. according to the invention, after the crop straws enter the collecting box, the driving wheel drives the smashing wheel to rotate through the belt, the smashing shaft is driven to rotate through the rotation of the smashing wheel, the crop straws entering the collecting box are smashed to separate fruits from the straws, the fruits are leaked and collected through the leakage plate, the straws enter the crushed material bundling box through the crushed material pipe to realize bundling, the crop straws are separated from the fruits and simultaneously subjected to straw collecting and bundling, the scattering of the straws is avoided, the centralized treatment of the straws is facilitated, and the phenomenon that the traditional straws are not easy to treat and burn on the spot is avoided.
Drawings
In order to facilitate understanding for those skilled in the art, the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a crop straw harvesting baler according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a front view of FIG. 1 of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the material receiving box of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion A of FIG. 1 according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a crushed material bundling box; 2. a material receiving box; 3. a transfer frame; 4. a shovel plate; 5. a breaking wheel; 6. breaking the shaft; 7. a driving wheel; 8. a first auxiliary wheel; 9. a first support bar; 10. a second support bar; 11. a material conveying shaft; 12. a packing auger; 13. a support frame; 14. a deflector rod; 15. a cross bar; 16. a feed inlet; 17. a material crushing pipe; 18. a limiting plate; 19. a material poking wheel; 20. a support plate; 21. a first drive pulley; 22. a second transmission wheel; 23. a conveyor belt; 24. an anti-skid plate; 25. a bushing; 26. a sleeve; 27. breaking the stems; 28. a second auxiliary wheel; 29. a push rod; 30. a pull rod; 31. a rotating shaft; 32. a fixed block; 33. cutting the plate; 34. a flow distribution plate; 35. and (4) rotating the rod.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention will be described below clearly and completely in conjunction with the embodiments, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in figures 1-5, a crop straw reaping and bundling machine comprises a crushed material bundling box 1 and a material receiving box 2, wherein one end of the top of the material receiving box 2 is provided with a crushed material pipe 17, one side of the material receiving box 2 is provided with the crushed material bundling box 1, the material receiving box 2 is communicated with the crushed material bundling box 1 through the crushed material pipe 17, one end side wall of the material receiving box 2 is provided with a feeding hole 16, one side of the bottom of the feeding hole 16 is provided with a conveying frame 3, two ends inside the conveying frame 3 are respectively provided with a second driving wheel 22, a conveying belt 23 is arranged between the two second driving wheels 22, the conveying belt 23 is provided with a plurality of anti-skid plates 24, two end center shafts of the second driving wheels 22 are respectively arranged on the inner walls at two sides of the conveying frame 3, wherein one end center shaft of the second driving wheel 22 below passes through the side wall of the conveying frame 3 and is provided with a belt pulley on the end surface of the center shaft, the top end of the conveying frame 3 is arranged inside the material receiving box 2, bottom fixedly connected with shovel board 4 of conveyer 3, one side of shovel board 4 is provided with action wheel 7, action wheel 7 is connected with the output transmission of external motor, the inside of collecting box 2 is provided with smashes axle 6, it is provided with sleeve 26 to be located the inboard axle 6 of smashing of collecting box 2, be provided with a plurality of pole 27 of smashing on the sleeve 26, the bottom of collecting box 2 is provided with bushing 25, the both ends of smashing axle 6 set up respectively on the both sides lateral wall of collecting box 2, be close to the crushed aggregates and beat the one end of smashing axle 6 of beating box 1 one side and pass the lateral wall of collecting box 2, and stretch out the crushing of collecting box 2 outside and go up fixedly connected with and smash wheel 5, action wheel 7 with smash and be connected through the belt between the wheel 5.
One end of the driving wheel 7 is fixedly connected with a first auxiliary wheel 8, one side of the first auxiliary wheel 8 is provided with a first supporting rod 9, one end of the first supporting rod 9 is rotatably connected with one end of a second supporting rod 10, the interior of the shovel plate 4 is provided with a material conveying shaft 11, two ends of the material conveying shaft 11 are respectively arranged on the side walls of two sides of the shovel plate 4, two ends of the material conveying shaft 11 both penetrate through the side wall of the shovel plate 4, two ends of the material conveying shaft 11 are respectively and fixedly connected with first driving wheels 21, one side of one first driving wheel 21 is fixedly connected with a second auxiliary wheel 28, the other first driving wheel 21 is connected with a belt pulley through a belt, one side of the second auxiliary wheel 28 is provided with a second supporting rod 10, one end of the second supporting rod 10 is fixedly connected with a push rod 29, the shovel plate 4 on one side of the first driving wheel 21 is provided with a fixed block 32, the bottom of the fixed block 32 is provided with a rotating shaft 31, and the side wall of the bottom end of the rotating shaft 31 is provided with two rotating rods 35, one end of one rotating rod 35 is fixedly connected with a pull rod 30, the top end of the pull rod 30 is movably connected with a push rod 29, two sides of the shovel plate 4 are respectively and fixedly provided with a limiting plate 18, the bottom surface of the shovel plate 4 between the two limiting plates 18 is provided with a splitter plate 34, the inside of the splitter plate 34 is provided with a cutting plate 33, the top positions of the side walls at two sides of the shovel plate 4 are respectively provided with a supporting plate 20, two supporting frames 13 are arranged between the two supporting plates 20, the two supporting frames 13 are connected through a plurality of cross rods 15, each cross rod 15 is respectively provided with a plurality of shift levers 14, when in use, the output end of an external motor drives a driving wheel 7 to rotate, the driving wheel 7 drives a first auxiliary wheel 8 to rotate, and as the edge position of the outer side wall of the first auxiliary wheel 8 is fixedly provided with a fixed rod, one end of the first support rod 9 is provided with a through hole, and the fixed rod passes through the inside of the through hole and is rotatably connected with the first support rod 9, the second auxiliary wheel 28 is also provided with a fixed rod which is positioned at the edge position of the outer side wall of the second auxiliary wheel 28, the second auxiliary wheel 28 is rotatably connected with the fixed rod, when the first auxiliary wheel 8 rotates, the first supporting rod 9 is driven to circularly push and pull the second supporting rod 10, so that the second auxiliary wheel 28 rotates, the circulating rotation work of the rotating shaft 31 is realized through the pull rod 30, the rotating rod 35 is circularly rotated, the cutting plate 33 is pushed and pulled through the rotating rod 35, so that the cutting plate 33 circularly moves in the inner part of the splitter plate 34, the straw cutting purpose is realized, simultaneously, when the second auxiliary wheel 28 rotates, the first driving wheel 21 is driven to rotate, the first driving wheel 21 drives the conveying shaft 11 to rotate, so that the packing auger 12 rotates, the crop straws are moved to the position of the conveying frame 3, the crop straw conveying work is convenient to realize, and the crop straw conveying work is completed while the cutting is performed, the motor is not needed to drive the material conveying shaft 11 to rotate, so that the occupied space of the device is reduced, and the cost is saved; the first driving wheel 21 drives the material stirring wheel 19 to rotate through a belt, the material stirring shaft is arranged in the middle of the two support frames 13, two ends of the material stirring shaft respectively penetrate through the two support frames 13 and extend out of the outer sides of the support frames 13, the material stirring wheels 19 are respectively arranged at two ends of the material stirring shaft, two ends of the material stirring shaft are respectively arranged on the two support plates 20, one material stirring wheel 19 is connected with the first driving wheel 21 below the material stirring wheel 19 through a belt, the material stirring shaft is driven to rotate through the material stirring wheels 19, the two support frames 13 are driven to rotate, then the plurality of stirring rods 14 on the cross rod 15 are driven to rotate, crop straws are stirred onto the material conveying shaft 11 and are matched with the material conveying shaft 11, the straws are conveyed onto the conveying belt 23, the belt pulley is driven to rotate through the first driving wheel 21 on the other side of the shovel plate 4, the conveying belt 23 synchronously rotates, the straws are conveyed into the material collecting box 2, the materials are stirred, cut and conveyed together, the synchronous operation ensures that the straws are evenly fed, ensures that fruits on the crop straws are fully beaten down, and avoids the waste caused by the fact that the fruits are conveyed to the outside along with the straws; after the crop straw got into the inside of receiving case 2, wheel 5 rotation is smashed through belt drive to action wheel 7, rotate through smashing wheel 5, the drive is smashed axle 6 and is taken place to rotate, smash the work to the crop straw that gets into receiving case 2 inside, carry out fruit and straw separation, the fruit spills through bushing 25 and collects, the straw enters into the crushed aggregates through crushed aggregates pipe 17 and beats the inside realization bundle work of bundle case 1, carry out the straw collection in the time of crop straw and fruit separation and beat bundle work, avoid the straw to scatter, the straw centralized processing of being convenient for, avoid traditional straw difficult handling the phenomenon of burning on the spot.
The middle parts of the side walls of the two sides of the collecting box 2 are respectively provided with a bearing, the two ends of the smashing shaft 6 are respectively arranged on the two bearings, the smashing shaft 6 is driven to rotate through the rotation of the smashing wheel 5, the crop straws entering the collecting box 2 are smashed, and the fruit collecting work is carried out.
The fixed dead lever that is provided with in lateral wall border position of first auxiliary wheel 8, the through-hole has been seted up to the one end of first branch 9, the dead lever passes the inside of through-hole and rotates with first branch 9 to be connected, also be provided with the dead lever on the second auxiliary wheel 28, the dead lever is located the lateral wall border position of second auxiliary wheel 28, and second auxiliary wheel 28 rotates with the dead lever to be connected, when first auxiliary wheel 8 rotates, drive first branch 9 and circulate push-and-pull effect to second branch 10, realize the rotation of pivot 31 through pull rod 30 and work.
The middle position of the lateral wall of the both sides of shovel board 4 is provided with the bearing respectively, and the both ends of fortune material axle 11 set up the inside at two bearings respectively, are provided with auger 12 on the lateral wall of fortune material axle 11, when fortune material axle 11 rotates for auger 12 takes place to rotate, removes the position of conveying frame 3 with crop straw, realizes crop straw conveying work.
Through-hole has been seted up to the bottom surface of fixed block 32, and the top setting of pivot 31 is in the inside of fixed block 32 bottom surface through-hole, and fixed block 32 rotates with the top of pivot 31 to be connected for pivot 31 can be at fixed block 32, inside rotation, push-and-pull cutting plate 33 carries out, makes cutting plate 33 and flow distribution plate 34 cooperation, realizes crop straw cutting work.
The middle part of two carriage 13 is provided with dials the material axle, dial the outside that two carriage 13 stretch out carriage 13 that the both ends of material axle passed two carriage 13 respectively, and dial the both ends of material axle and be provided with respectively and dial thing wheel 19, dial material axle both ends and set up respectively in two backup pads 20, one of them dials thing wheel 19 and the first drive wheel 21 of its below and passes through the belt and be connected, when first drive wheel 21 rotates, dial thing wheel 19 through the belt drive and rotate, make two carriage 13 rotate, then make a plurality of driving levers 14 on the horizontal pole 15 rotate, stir fortune material axle 11 with crop straw on, realize the straw conveying effect.
The cutting plate 33 is connected with the flow distribution plate 34 in a sliding mode, one end of the cutting plate 33 is connected with one end of the rotating rod 35 in a rotating mode, and the rotating rod 35 pushes and pulls the cutting plate 33 when rotating circularly, so that the cutting plate 33 moves in the circulating mode inside the flow distribution plate 34, and the straw cutting purpose is achieved.
A working method of a crop straw harvesting and bundling machine specifically comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the driving wheel 7 is driven to rotate by the output end of an external motor, the driving wheel 7 drives the first auxiliary wheel 8 to rotate, as the edge position of the outer side wall of the first auxiliary wheel 8 is fixedly provided with a fixed rod, one end of the first supporting rod 9 is provided with a through hole, the fixed rod passes through the inside of the through hole and is rotationally connected with the first supporting rod 9, the second auxiliary wheel 28 is also provided with a fixed rod, the fixed rod is positioned at the edge position of the outer side wall of the second auxiliary wheel 28, the second auxiliary wheel 28 is rotationally connected with the fixed rod, when the first auxiliary wheel 8 rotates, the first supporting rod 9 is driven to circularly push and pull the second supporting rod 10, so that the second auxiliary wheel 28 rotates, the circulating rotation work of the rotating shaft 31 is realized by the pull rod 30, the rotating rod 35 circularly rotates, the rotating rod 35 is used for pushing and pulling the cutting plate 33, so that the cutting plate 33 circularly moves in the inner part of the flow distribution plate 34, and the purpose of cutting straw is realized, meanwhile, when the second auxiliary wheel 28 rotates, the first driving wheel 21 is driven to rotate, the first driving wheel 21 drives the conveying shaft 11 to rotate, so that the packing auger 12 rotates, the crop straws are moved to the position of the conveying frame 3, and the crop straw conveying work is completed while the crop straws are cut;
step two: the first driving wheel 21 drives the material stirring wheels 19 to rotate through a belt, the material stirring shafts are arranged in the middle of the two support frames 13, two ends of each material stirring shaft penetrate through the two support frames 13 respectively and extend out of the outer sides of the support frames 13, the material stirring wheels 19 are arranged at two ends of each material stirring shaft respectively, two ends of each material stirring shaft are arranged on the two support plates 20 respectively, one material stirring wheel 19 is connected with the first driving wheel 21 below the material stirring wheel 19 through a belt, the material stirring shafts are driven to rotate through the material stirring wheels 19, the two support frames 13 are driven to rotate, then the plurality of stirring rods 14 on the cross rod 15 are driven to rotate, crop straws are stirred onto the material conveying shaft 11 and matched with the material conveying shaft 11, the straws are conveyed onto the conveying belt 23, the belt pulley is driven to rotate through the first driving wheel 21 on the other side of the shovel plate 4, the conveying belt 23 synchronously rotates, and the straws are conveyed into the material collecting box 2;
step three: after the crop straw gets into the inside of receiving case 2, action wheel 7 smashes wheel 5 through belt drive and rotates, through smashing wheel 5 and rotating, axle 6 emergence rotation is smashed in the drive, smashes the work to the crop straw that gets into receiving case 2 inside, carries out fruit and straw separation, and the fruit spills through bushing 25 and collects, and the straw enters into the crushed aggregates through crushed aggregates pipe 17 and beats the inside realization bundle work of case 1.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: when the straw cutting machine is used, the output end of an external motor drives the driving wheel 7 to rotate, the driving wheel 7 drives the first auxiliary wheel 8 to rotate, a fixed rod is fixedly arranged at the edge position of the outer side wall of the first auxiliary wheel 8, one end of the first supporting rod 9 is provided with a through hole, the fixed rod penetrates through the through hole and is rotatably connected with the first supporting rod 9, a fixed rod is also arranged on the second auxiliary wheel 28, the fixed rod is positioned at the edge position of the outer side wall of the second auxiliary wheel 28, the second auxiliary wheel 28 is rotatably connected with the fixed rod, when the first auxiliary wheel 8 rotates, the first supporting rod 9 is driven to circularly push and pull the second supporting rod 10, so that the second auxiliary wheel 28 rotates, the rotating shaft 31 is used for circularly rotating the rotating rod 35, the rotating rod 35 is used for circularly rotating the cutting plate 33 by pushing and pulling the rotating rod 35, so that the cutting plate 33 circularly moves in the shunting plate 34, and the purpose of cutting straws is realized, meanwhile, when the second auxiliary wheel 28 rotates, the first driving wheel 21 is driven to rotate, the first driving wheel 21 drives the conveying shaft 11 to rotate, the packing auger 12 rotates, the crop straws are moved to the position of the conveying frame 3, the conveying work of the crop straws is convenient to realize, the conveying work of the crop straws is completed while the crop straws are cut, the conveying shaft 11 does not need to be additionally driven to rotate by a motor, the occupied space of the device is reduced, and the cost is saved;
the first driving wheel 21 drives the material stirring wheel 19 to rotate through a belt, the material stirring shaft is arranged in the middle of the two support frames 13, two ends of the material stirring shaft respectively penetrate through the two support frames 13 and extend out of the outer sides of the support frames 13, the material stirring wheels 19 are respectively arranged at two ends of the material stirring shaft, two ends of the material stirring shaft are respectively arranged on the two support plates 20, one material stirring wheel 19 is connected with the first driving wheel 21 below the material stirring wheel 19 through a belt, the material stirring shaft is driven to rotate through the material stirring wheels 19, the two support frames 13 are driven to rotate, then the plurality of stirring rods 14 on the cross rod 15 are driven to rotate, crop straws are stirred onto the material conveying shaft 11 and are matched with the material conveying shaft 11, the straws are conveyed onto the conveying belt 23, the belt pulley is driven to rotate through the first driving wheel 21 on the other side of the shovel plate 4, the conveying belt 23 synchronously rotates, the straws are conveyed into the material collecting box 2, the materials are stirred, cut and conveyed together, the synchronous operation ensures that the straws are evenly fed, ensures that fruits on the crop straws are fully beaten down, and avoids the waste caused by the fact that the fruits are conveyed to the outside along with the straws;
after crop straw got into the inside of receiving case 2, wheel 5 rotation is smashed through belt drive to action wheel 7, rotate through smashing wheel 5, axle 6 emergence rotation is smashed in the drive, smash work to the crop straw that gets into the inside of receiving case 2, carry out fruit and straw separation, the fruit spills through bushing 25 and collects, the straw enters into the crushed aggregates through crushed aggregates pipe 17 and beats bundle case 1's inside realization bundle work, carry out the straw collection when crop straw separates with the fruit and beat bundle work, avoid the straw to disperse, the straw centralized processing of being convenient for, avoid traditional straw difficult to handle the phenomenon of burning on the spot.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
The preferred embodiments of the invention disclosed above are intended to be illustrative only. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilize the invention. The invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (2)

1. A crop straw harvesting and bundling machine comprises a crushed aggregate bundling box (1) and a material receiving box (2), and is characterized in that a crushed aggregate pipe (17) is arranged at one end of the top of the material receiving box (2), the crushed aggregate bundling box (1) is arranged on one side of the material receiving box (2), the material receiving box (2) is communicated with the crushed aggregate bundling box (1) through the crushed aggregate pipe (17), a feed inlet (16) is formed in the side wall of one end of the material receiving box (2), a conveying frame (3) is arranged on one side of the bottom of the feed inlet (16), second transmission wheels (22) are respectively arranged at two ends of the inside of the conveying frame (3), a conveying belt (23) is arranged between the two second transmission wheels (22), a plurality of anti-slip plates (24) are arranged on the conveying belt (23), middle shafts at two ends of the second transmission wheels (22) are respectively arranged on the inner walls of two sides of the conveying frame (3), wherein one end shaft located below the second transmission wheel (22) penetrates through the side wall of the conveying frame (3), and the end face of the middle shaft is arranged on the end face of the middle shaft And a belt pulley, the top end of the conveying frame (3) is arranged inside the material receiving box (2), the bottom end of the conveying frame (3) is fixedly connected with a shovel plate (4), one side of the shovel plate (4) is provided with a driving wheel (7), the driving wheel (7) is in transmission connection with the output end of an external motor, the inside of the material receiving box (2) is provided with a smashing shaft (6), a sleeve (26) is arranged on the smashing shaft (6) positioned at the inner side of the material receiving box (2), a plurality of smashing rods (27) are arranged on the sleeve (26), the bottom of the material receiving box (2) is provided with a leakage plate (25), two ends of the smashing shaft (6) are respectively arranged on the side walls at two sides of the material receiving box (2), one end of the smashing shaft (6) close to one side of the material receiving box (1) penetrates through the side wall of the material receiving box (2), and the smashing shaft (6) extending out of the material receiving box (2) is fixedly connected with a smashing wheel (5), the driving wheel (7) is connected with the breaking wheel (5) through a belt;
one end of the driving wheel (7) is fixedly connected with a first auxiliary wheel (8), one side of the first auxiliary wheel (8) is provided with a first supporting rod (9), one end of the first supporting rod (9) is rotatably connected with one end of a second supporting rod (10), a material conveying shaft (11) is arranged inside the shovel plate (4), two ends of the material conveying shaft (11) are respectively arranged on the side walls of two sides of the shovel plate (4), two ends of the material conveying shaft (11) penetrate through the side walls of the shovel plate (4), two ends of the material conveying shaft (11) are respectively and fixedly connected with a first transmission wheel (21), one side of one first transmission wheel (21) is fixedly connected with a second auxiliary wheel (28), the other first transmission wheel (21) is connected with the belt pulley through a belt, one side of the second auxiliary wheel (28) is provided with the second supporting rod (10), one end of the second supporting rod (10) is fixedly connected with a push rod (29), a fixed block (32) is arranged on the shovel plate (4) at one side of the first transmission wheel (21), a rotating shaft (31) is arranged at the bottom of the fixed block (32), two rotating rods (35) are arranged on the side wall of the bottom end of the rotating shaft (31), one end of one rotating rod (35) is fixedly connected with a pull rod (30), the top end of the pull rod (30) is movably connected with a push rod (29), two sides of a shovel plate (4) are respectively and fixedly provided with a limiting plate (18), a flow distribution plate (34) is arranged on the bottom surface of the shovel plate (4) between the two limiting plates (18), a cutting plate (33) is arranged inside the flow distribution plate (34), supporting plates (20) are respectively arranged at the top positions of the side walls of the two sides of the shovel plate (4), two supporting frames (13) are arranged between the two supporting plates (20), the two supporting frames (13) are connected through a plurality of cross rods (15), and a plurality of shift rods (14) are respectively arranged on each cross rod (15);
the middle parts of the side walls of the two sides of the material receiving box (2) are respectively provided with a bearing, and the two ends of the smashing shaft (6) are respectively arranged on the two bearings;
the fixed dead lever that is provided with in lateral wall border position of first auxiliary wheel (8), the through-hole has been seted up to the one end of first branch (9), and the dead lever passes the inside of through-hole and rotates with first branch (9) to be connected, also is provided with the dead lever on second auxiliary wheel (28), and the dead lever is located the lateral wall border position of second auxiliary wheel (28), and second auxiliary wheel (28) rotate with the dead lever to be connected
Bearings are respectively arranged in the middle of the side walls of the two sides of the shovel plate (4), the two ends of the material conveying shaft (11) are respectively arranged in the two bearings, and a packing auger (12) is arranged on the outer side wall of the material conveying shaft (11);
the bottom surface of the fixed block (32) is provided with a through hole, the top end of the rotating shaft (31) is arranged inside the through hole on the bottom surface of the fixed block (32), and the fixed block (32) is rotatably connected with the top end of the rotating shaft (31);
the middle parts of the two supporting frames (13) are provided with material stirring shafts, two ends of each material stirring shaft respectively penetrate through the two supporting frames (13) and extend out of the outer sides of the supporting frames (13), two ends of each material stirring shaft are respectively provided with material stirring wheels (19), two ends of each material stirring shaft are respectively arranged on the two supporting plates (20), and one material stirring wheel (19) is connected with a first driving wheel (21) below the material stirring wheel through a belt;
the cutting plate (33) is connected with the flow distribution plate (34) in a sliding mode, and one end of the cutting plate (33) is connected with one end of the rotating rod (35) in a rotating mode.
2. The working method of the crop straw reaper-binder of claim 1, which comprises the following steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the output end of an external motor drives the driving wheel (7) to rotate, the driving wheel (7) drives the first auxiliary wheel (8) to rotate, a fixed rod is fixedly arranged at the edge position of the outer side wall of the first auxiliary wheel (8), a through hole is formed in one end of the first supporting rod (9), the fixed rod penetrates through the through hole and is rotatably connected with the first supporting rod (9), a fixed rod is also arranged on the second auxiliary wheel (28), the fixed rod is positioned at the edge position of the outer side wall of the second auxiliary wheel (28), the second auxiliary wheel (28) is rotatably connected with the fixed rod, when the first auxiliary wheel (8) rotates, the first supporting rod (9) is driven to circularly push and pull the second supporting rod (10), so that the second auxiliary wheel (28) rotates, the rotating shaft (31) circularly rotates through the pull rod (30), the rotating rod (35) circularly rotates, and the rotating rod (35) pushes and pulls the cutting plate (33), the cutting plate (33) circularly moves in the shunting plate (34) to achieve the purpose of cutting straws, meanwhile, when the second auxiliary wheel (28) rotates, the first driving wheel (21) is driven to rotate, the first driving wheel (21) drives the material conveying shaft (11) to rotate, so that the packing auger (12) rotates to move the crop straws to the position of the conveying frame (3), and the crop straw conveying work is completed while the crop straws are cut;
step two: the first driving wheel (21) drives the material stirring wheel (19) to rotate through a belt, the material stirring shaft is arranged in the middle of the two support frames (13), two ends of the material stirring shaft respectively penetrate through the two support frames (13) and extend out of the outer sides of the support frames (13), the material stirring wheel (19) is arranged at each of two ends of the material stirring shaft, two ends of the material stirring shaft are respectively arranged on the two support plates (20), one material stirring wheel (19) is connected with the first driving wheel (21) below the material stirring wheel through the belt, the material stirring shaft is driven to rotate through the material stirring wheel (19), the two support frames (13) are driven to rotate, then a plurality of stirring rods (14) on the transverse rod (15) are driven to rotate, crop straws are stirred onto the material conveying shaft (11) and are matched with the material conveying shaft (11) and conveyed onto the conveying belt (23), and the belt pulley is driven to rotate through the first driving wheel (21) on the other side of the shovel plate (4), so that the conveyor belt (23) synchronously rotates to convey the straws to the interior of the material collecting box (2);
step three: after the crop straws enter the interior of the material collecting box (2), the driving wheel (7) is driven by a belt to break the wheel (5) to rotate, the driving wheel (5) rotates, the driving breaking shaft (6) rotates, the crop straws entering the interior of the material collecting box (2) are broken to separate fruits from the straws, the fruits are leaked out and collected through the leakage plate (25), and the straws enter the interior of the material collecting box (1) through the material crushing pipe (17) to realize bundling.
CN202011305762.4A 2020-11-19 2020-11-19 Crop straw harvesting and bundling machine and working method thereof Active CN112425350B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113498685B (en) * 2021-06-16 2022-07-26 王万荣 Straw recycling device for green agricultural development
CN114097437B (en) * 2021-12-08 2023-04-14 李梅 Green storage corn straw forage grass processing device and processing method

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US3215461A (en) * 1963-10-02 1965-11-02 Bunn Co B Knotter lock
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CN104255179A (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-01-07 陈孝中 Straw baler matched with wheel type harvester
CN105052358A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-18 青岛理工大学 Device for crushing, collecting and briquetting ginger straw
CN105594364A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-05-25 山东裕田机械制造有限责任公司 Feeding working table for straw harvesting
CN205946586U (en) * 2016-07-15 2017-02-15 三明学院 Corn ear and stalks left after threshing stalk reap, beat a bundle all -in -one
CN107027417A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-08-11 滨州市农业机械化科学研究所 It is a kind of that there is the self-propelled bundling combine for storing up function
CN111386840A (en) * 2020-04-15 2020-07-10 无锡松田豹机械科技有限公司 Crawler-type full-feeding combined harvesting and bundling machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE474691A (en) * 1947-07-18 1947-04-30
US3215461A (en) * 1963-10-02 1965-11-02 Bunn Co B Knotter lock
CN201213376Y (en) * 2008-06-13 2009-04-01 刘少林 Stubble harvesting square bundle baler
CN104255179A (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-01-07 陈孝中 Straw baler matched with wheel type harvester
CN105052358A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-18 青岛理工大学 Device for crushing, collecting and briquetting ginger straw
CN105594364A (en) * 2016-03-15 2016-05-25 山东裕田机械制造有限责任公司 Feeding working table for straw harvesting
CN205946586U (en) * 2016-07-15 2017-02-15 三明学院 Corn ear and stalks left after threshing stalk reap, beat a bundle all -in -one
CN107027417A (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-08-11 滨州市农业机械化科学研究所 It is a kind of that there is the self-propelled bundling combine for storing up function
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