CN105993375B - Harvester for seedling-watermelon - Google Patents

Harvester for seedling-watermelon Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105993375B
CN105993375B CN201610481706.3A CN201610481706A CN105993375B CN 105993375 B CN105993375 B CN 105993375B CN 201610481706 A CN201610481706 A CN 201610481706A CN 105993375 B CN105993375 B CN 105993375B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
melon
watermelon
screw feeder
frame
conveying device
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CN201610481706.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105993375A (en
Inventor
陈长林
石磊
孔凡婷
黄铭森
孙勇飞
谢庆
张玉同
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D41/00Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices
    • A01D41/04Tractor-driven combines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D41/00Combines, i.e. harvesters or mowers combined with threshing devices
    • A01D41/12Details of combines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D61/00Elevators or conveyors for binders or combines
    • A01D61/008Elevators or conveyors for binders or combines for longitudinal conveying, especially for combines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F11/00Threshing apparatus specially adapted for maize; Threshing apparatus specially adapted for particular crops other than cereals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F12/00Parts or details of threshing apparatus
    • A01F12/18Threshing devices

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of harvester for seedling-watermelon, including picking desk, seed device and conveying device are taken, the kind of watermelon that picking desk is collected is delivered to and takes seed device by conveying device;The centre position that the front-seat screw feeder of picking desk is arranged on immediately ahead of frame pushes a kind of watermelon to both sides, and heel row screw feeder is divided into two groups and is located at frame both sides respectively for a kind of watermelon to be pushed to centre;Receive the conveying device that the kind of watermelon that melon-putting wheel push comes is sent to rear by melon shovel;Seed device is taken to be crushed by the pressure roller being arranged in pairs to a kind of watermelon, it is then divided into two groups and respectively falls in two different melon wooden dipper separators, melon seeds and melon the crusty pancake feeding melon crusty pancake separator that melon wooden dipper separator is isolated, melon crusty pancake separator isolate melon seeds and melon seeds are delivered in melon seeds case through vertical screw feeder.The present invention can solve the problems such as twining grass, remove rattan and leakage melon of kind of watermelon harvesting link, and efficiently harvesting and poorly efficient unmatched defect between seed is taken while a kind of watermelon can be solved.

Description

Harvester for seedling-watermelon
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of harvester for seedling-watermelon, belong to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
A kind of watermelon(Also known as seed water melon)It is a kind of watermelon, fruit is small compared with watermelon, seed is more big, is mainly used in life The edible watermelon seeds of production.Because a kind of watermelon is less demanding to growing environment, cropping pattern it is simple, with drought resisting, input cost be low, economy It is the Important Economic crop of increasing peasant income on the advantages of better results, the barren soil and saline and alkaline punja that arid is distributed in more One of.
China's watermelon harvesting machine can be divided into two types according to harvest technology:One class is the collection bar machine of swath harvesting and picked up Seed extractor is picked up, another kind of is combining working rig.
During using first kind swath harvesting, bar machine is collected first and completes the seed melon integrated straight line narrow strip that field is spread, then Pick up seed extractor and realize that mechanization is picked up and takes seed operation.If collection bar owner's Xinjiang Agricultural Sciences institute agriculture of current popularization and application The 4ZT-2.0 type seed melon collection bar machines of industry mechanization Research Institute, and the 4DT-2.0 types that Tacheng Prefecture agricultural machinery popularization station is developed A kind of watermelon collects bar machine.Pick up seed extractor and mainly or using traditional roller-type pick up mode.Such kind of watermelon indirect harvester is all Used with tractor, complete seed melon and separation and the collection bar, and follow-up pickup harvest operation of melon seedling, it is simple in construction, Productivity effect is low.Find occur squeezing melon during equipment operation, hinder melon, vasuclitis nodularis around unclear and lose and high ask in field test Topic.Particularly cause harvest time long because efficiency of crop is not high, such as run into cold current, a kind of watermelon can be frozen brokenly and can not harvest, and directly contribute The underproduction, the reduction of income.
Equations of The Second Kind combining working rig, is divided into backpack seed melon cropper and self-propelled according to power chassis formulation forms Seed melon cropper.The 4ZBL-2 backpack combined harvester for seed watermelon that Xinjiang Agricultural Sciences institute develops, the machine is in the seed melon mature period In real time during harvest, there is leakage and pick up that rate is higher, melon seeds breakage rate is larger, the defect such as separation, impurity removal is not thorough.Modern Agriculture fills high-tech stock The 4ZGJT-500 type seeds melon that part Co., Ltd develops picks up de- seed combine.The machine is led with middle-size and small-size four-wheel tractor side Draw formula to support the use, can disposably complete seed melon pickup and separating operation, but there is leakage and pick up that rate is higher, vasuclitis nodularis is not around Clearly, it is high using fault rate, the defect such as supporting support staff is more.
Applicant's retrieval finds that the Chinese invention patent of Application No. 201310440452.7 discloses one kind and automatically beaten Melon cropper, it is main to include plucking melon pickup harvesting-platform, conveying device and de-seeding machine etc..The melon of plucking picks up harvesting-platform including tilting Set front and rear two groups of drive melon power rollers and pick up melon bucket etc., the cropper be innovatively provided with drive melon power roller, with preferable Go rattan, collection bar effect, but applicant in practice, it has been found that because it is forward and backward drive melon power roller be to be obliquely installed, its front end is all Easily in insertion weeds or melon vine, so as to twine grass, clogging, using effect is influenceed.
In addition, applicant also found in practice, the efficiency of usual kind of watermelon harvesting is higher, but the harvester for seedling-watermelon later stage at present Take seed unit efficiency relatively low, it is impossible to adapt to the harvesting work of an efficient front end kind of watermelon.It is mainly reflected in the following aspects:1)Mesh The preceding slice type kind of watermelon breaker generally used, not only crush after block it is larger, be unfavorable for the later stage melon wooden dipper separation and Melon crusty pancake separation, and speed is slower during section, and differed by kind of watermelon size and influenceed, crushing efficiency is unstable.2)Melon The separative efficiency of wooden dipper separator and melon crusty pancake separator is far below the harvest efficiency of kind of watermelon recovering device.Therefore a kind of watermelon harvesting when in order to Inefficient melon wooden dipper separation and melon crusty pancake mask work are adapted to, the operating efficiency of complete machine is have impact on, causes complete machine operating efficiency low.
The content of the invention
The invention solves the problems that technical problem is:Overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art to solve a kind of watermelon there is provided one kind to adopt Receive link twine grass, go rattan and leakage melon the problems such as harvester for seedling-watermelon, while can solve a kind of watermelon efficiently harvest with it is low Effect takes the unmatched defect of efficiency between seed.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, technical scheme proposed by the present invention is:A kind of harvester for seedling-watermelon, including frame, Picking desk, take seed device and conveying device, the frame is provided with road wheel, and the picking desk is arranged on the front end of frame, The rear end for taking seed device to be arranged on frame, the conveying device is arranged on picking desk and takes that be used between seed device will harvesting The kind of watermelon that platform is collected, which is delivered to, takes seed device.
The picking desk includes front-seat screw feeder, heel row screw feeder, melon-putting wheel and receives melon shovel;The front-seat screw feeder is arranged on frame The centre position in front, the blade of the front-seat screw feeder is divided into lobus sinister piece and lobus dexter piece, the lobus sinister piece and lobus dexter vertically The hand of spiral of piece is opposite and when in use pushes a kind of watermelon to both sides;The heel row screw feeder is included respectively positioned at frame both sides Player No.5's screw feeder and back right screw feeder, the blade screw direction of player No.5's screw feeder and back right screw feeder is also opposite and is using When a kind of watermelon is pushed to centre;The melon-putting wheel be arranged on the dead astern of the front-seat screw feeder and positioned at player No.5's screw feeder and Between back right screw feeder, the melon-putting wheel include be hingedly mounted on the roller bearing in frame and along along the outer peripheral face of the roller bearing between Every some groups of melon plates of setting, described group of melon plate is connected with discoidal gear along the axially extending of roller bearing, the centre of the roller bearing Plate;Provided with the conveying device for the kind of watermelon that melon-putting wheel push comes to be sent to rear between the conveying device and melon-putting wheel Melon shovel is received, the receipts melon shovel is wedge shaped and is hinged in the frame of conveying device front end, the bottom for receiving melon shovel is provided with roller, The front end for receiving melon shovel is located at the lower section of melon-putting wheel, and the rear end of the receipts melon shovel is extended to above the front end of conveying device;
It is described to take seed device to include compression roller, two melon wooden dipper separators, two melon crusty pancake separator, vertical screw feeders and positioned at machine The melon seeds case of top of the trellis;The compression roller includes being arranged in pairs in the pressure roller above frame, and the periphery of the pressure roller is provided with some Sword tooth;Two melon wooden dipper separators are respectively positioned on the lower section of compression roller, and two melon crusty pancake separators are separately positioned on different melon wooden dipper separation The side-lower of device;The kind of watermelon that the conveying device is transmitted when in use is divided into two groups simultaneously after the roll-to-roll attrition crushing of extruding Respectively fall in two different melon wooden dipper separators, melon seeds and the melon crusty pancake that the melon wooden dipper separator is isolated send into its side-lower Melon crusty pancake separator, the melon crusty pancake separator isolates melon seeds and melon seeds is delivered in melon seeds case through vertical screw feeder.
Operationally, screw feeder front-seat first elapses the kind of watermelon in breadth to both sides to the present invention, and completes a kind of watermelon and melon vine Separation(Connection between a ripe kind of watermelon and melon vine is not firm, slightly firmly need to can only separate a kind of watermelon with melon vine);Then after Arrange screw feeder to push a kind of watermelon for both sides in breadth to centre, a same completion kind of watermelon separates with melon vine.Front-seat screw feeder and heel row screw feeder Collective effect by the kind of watermelon collection after separation into strips, by centre position melon-putting wheel and receive that melon shovel is rapid will to push the kind of watermelon come receipts Collection, and pull over to rearmounted conveying device, compression roller charging aperture is then sent to, can be rapid by a kind of watermelon by the pressure roller of relative motion Put into after broken to the melon wooden dipper separator of bottom both sides, the melon seeds come, melon crusty pancake feeding melon crusty pancake separator is then demultiplex out further Melon seeds is isolated, then melon seeds is delivered in melon seeds case by vertical screw feeder.
The beneficial effect that the present invention is brought is:
1)The picking desk passes through three groups of screw feeders(One group of front-seat screw feeder and two groups of heel row screw feeders), complete melon vine separation and collection Bar works.Compared with prior art separates melon vine and a kind of watermelon by the power roller being obliquely installed, the present invention is when melon vine is separated, no Can occur the winding of melon vine weeds, clogging.In addition, the present invention completes collection bar work while melon vine is separated, biography instead of The disc type collection bar machine of system, operating efficiency is more reliable, and reduces the problems such as broken melon loses with leakage melon.
Described group of melon plate is plank frame, is so not easy to hook the melon vine for taking up lower section in rotary course, so as to prevent Vasuclitis nodularis around;Other melon vine pressure under the baffle, also further reduce vasuclitis nodularis around situation occur.
2)The present invention is by melon-putting wheel and receives melon shovel combination linkage, rapidly can collect a kind of watermelon and send in rearmounted conveying Device, instead of it is traditional roll melon formula picking methods, improve transfer efficiency, and then also just improve harvest efficiency.
3)The present invention replaces traditional slice type breaker roll using the compression roller of move toward one another, by that can make to roller extruding A kind of watermelon is broken more tiny, compared with slice type breaker roll can only make kind of watermelon cutting blocking, not only increases crushing efficiency, Er Qieti High follow-up melon wooden dipper separation and melon are cramed food into one's mouth the operating efficiency and reliability of separation.In addition, heretofore described take seed device to use two Group melon wooden dipper separator, melon crusty pancake separator and vertical screw feeder, the kind of watermelon after will crushing are input to two groups of melon wooden dipper separators, melon crusty pancake point From in device, therefore take seed efficiency to improve to twice original, solve a kind of watermelon and take seed post-production disposal ability not enough etc. to ask Topic, so as to match efficient kind of watermelon harvesting work.To sum up, the present invention improves the effect of a broken kind of watermelon by compression roller first Rate, the kind of watermelon after then crushing is transported to two groups of melon wooden dipper separators, melon crusty pancake separator and vertical screw feeder to complete to take seed to work, An efficient kind of watermelon and the poorly efficient contradiction taken between seed are fundamentally solved, operating efficiency is improved on the whole.
4)Melon seeds is sent in the melon seeds case at top by the present invention by vertical screw feeder, such more compact structure, and And can remove self-contained large quantity of moisture during being passed up, so that moisture is relatively low in finished product melon seeds, It is easy to the drying and transport in later stage.
The present invention can reduce melon vine and weeds take up the situation that causes to wind melon-putting wheel using a melon plate kind of watermelon of pulling over is dialled, and be Further reduction melon vine and weeds winding, the present invention have made following improvement to above-mentioned technical proposal:1)The melon-putting wheel is with before Arrange between screw feeder provided with pressure rattan roller, can so push down melon vine and weeds before the melon-putting wheel dials melon, it is to avoid melon vine and The situation of melon plate is dialled in weeds winding.2)Sawtooth is provided with the receipts melon shovel, is taken up so as to receive in melon shovel traveling process Melon vine and weeds cut off.Two above technological means is combined, melon vine is just thoroughly solved and the problem of weeds wind, from And improve operating efficiency.
The further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal is:The conveying device is conveyer belt, and the conveyer belt is provided with some Scraper plate.
The further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal is:Gap between the pressure roller being arranged in pairs is adjustable.
The further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal is:Compression roller and melon the wooden dipper separator is respectively positioned in same casing, The centre position of two pressure rollers be arranged right below cross section be " people " font demarcation strip, axial direction of the demarcation strip along pressure roller Extension by the casing below demarcation strip so that be divided into the first transmission channel and the second transmission channel, and two melon wooden dipper separators distinguish position In in the first transmission channel and the second transmission channel.So, a kind of watermelon feeds from the top of compression roller, after being crushed after extruding roller A kind of watermelon fall under gravity, and be divided into two groups naturally and enter different melon wooden dipper separators, not only compact conformation, and And save the energy.
The further improvement of above-mentioned technical proposal is:The left and right two ends of the front-seat screw feeder respectively with player No.5's screw feeder The left alignment of right-hand member, back right screw feeder.
Brief description of the drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 top view.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that seed device is taken in the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of melon-putting wheel in the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure, 1- front rows screw feeder, 2- melon-putting wheels, 3- receives melon shovel, and 4- heel row screw feeders, 5- gauge wheels, 6- conveying devices, 7- is squeezed Pressure roller, 8- melon wooden dipper separators, the vertical screw feeders of 9-, 10- melon seeds casees, 11- receives seed screw feeder, 12- melons crusty pancake separator, 14- frames, 15- Road wheel.
Embodiment
Embodiment
The harvester for seedling-watermelon of the present embodiment as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, including frame 14, picking desk, takes seed device and conveying Device 6, frame 14 is provided with road wheel 15, and picking desk is arranged on the front end of frame 14, takes seed device to be arranged on after frame 14 End, conveying device 6, which is arranged on picking desk and takes the kind of watermelon for being used for collecting picking desk between seed device to be delivered to, takes seed device.
Conveyer belt can be used in the present embodiment conveying device 6, and is provided with some scraper plates on a moving belt.Can certainly Using other existing conveying devices, such as agitator type conveyer etc..
Picking desk includes front-seat screw feeder 1, heel row screw feeder 4, melon-putting wheel 2 and receives melon shovel 3 in the present embodiment;Front-seat screw feeder 1 is set The centre position in the front of frame 14 is put, the blade of front-seat screw feeder 1 is divided into lobus sinister piece and lobus dexter piece, lobus sinister piece and the right side vertically The hand of spiral of blade is opposite and when in use pushes a kind of watermelon to both sides;4 points of heel row screw feeder is player No.5's screw feeder 4-1 and heel row Right screw feeder 4-2, respectively positioned at the both sides of frame 14, player No.5's screw feeder 4-1 and back right screw feeder 4-2 blade screw direction also phase A kind of watermelon is pushed instead and to centre when in use.The left and right sides of front-seat screw feeder 1 right side respectively with player No.5's screw feeder 4-1, after Arrange right screw feeder 4-2 left side alignment.
Melon-putting wheel 2 is arranged on the dead astern of front-seat screw feeder 1 and is located between player No.5's screw feeder 4-1 and back right screw feeder 4-2, As shown in figure 4, melon-putting wheel 2 include be hingedly mounted on the roller bearing 2-1 in frame 14 and along along the outer peripheral face of the roller bearing 2-1 between Every setting some groups of melon plates 2-2, described group of melon plate 2-2 along the axially extending of roller bearing 2-1, the centre of the roller bearing 2-1 is affixed There is discoidal baffle plate 2-3, group melon plate 2-2 and baffle plate 2-3 is highly identical and is integral type structure, so in rotary course not Easily hook take up lower section melon vine so that prevent vasuclitis nodularis around;Other melon vine is pressed under baffle plate 2-3, also further reduces melon The situation of rattan winding occurs.
The conveying that the kind of watermelon that being provided between conveying device 6 and melon-putting wheel 2 is used for pushing melon-putting wheel 2 is sent to rear is filled The receipts melon for putting 6 shovels 3, and receipts melon shovel 3 is wedge shaped and is hinged in the frame of the front end of conveying device 6, receives the bottom of melon shovel 3 provided with roller 3-1, is so adapted to a variety of different ground, and the front end for receiving melon shovel 3 is located at the lower section of melon-putting wheel 2, and the rear end for receiving melon shovel 3 is prolonged Above the front end for extending conveying device 6.
As shown in figure 3, taking seed device to include compression roller 7, melon wooden dipper separator 8, melon crusty pancake separator 12, vertical screw feeder 9 and position Melon seeds case 10 in the top of frame 14;Compression roller 7 includes the pressure roller for being arranged in pairs in the top of frame 14, if the periphery of pressure roller is provided with Gap between dry sword tooth, the pressure roller being arranged in pairs is adjustable;Melon wooden dipper separator 8 is two, is respectively positioned on the lower section of compression roller 7;Melon Separator 12 of craming food into one's mouth also is two, is separately positioned on the side-lower of different melon wooden dipper separators 8;Conveying device 6 is transmitted when in use A kind of watermelon through compression roller 7 to being divided into two groups after roller attrition crushing and respectively falling in two different melon wooden dipper separators 8, melon wooden dipper point Melon seeds and melon the crusty pancake feeding melon crusty pancake separator 12 isolated from device 8, melon crusty pancake separator 12 isolate melon seeds and will through vertical screw feeder 9 Melon seeds are delivered in melon seeds case 10.
Melon wooden dipper separator 8, melon crusty pancake separator 12 can use existing apparatus in the present embodiment, refer to pertinent literature, no Repeat again.It is noted that receipts seed screw feeder 11 can be set below melon wooden dipper separator 8, and melon is collected by receiving seed screw feeder 11 Melon seeds and the melon crusty pancake that wooden dipper separator 8 is isolated, the arrival end of melon crusty pancake separator 12 is delivered to by the rotation of blade.
The present embodiment can make following improvement.
1)As shown in figure 3, compression roller 7 and melon wooden dipper separator 8 are respectively positioned in same casing, between two pressure rollers just under Side is provided with the demarcation strip that cross section is " people " font, and demarcation strip is along the axially extending of pressure roller so that the casing below demarcation strip be divided Into the first transmission channel and the second transmission channel, two melon wooden dipper separators are located at the first transmission channel and the second transmission channel respectively It is interior.
2)In order to fundamentally solve the situation for melon vine and weeds winding cropper, the present embodiment uses following technology Means:Provided with pressure rattan roller between melon-putting wheel 2 and front-seat screw feeder 1(Not shown in figure), press the length and front-seat screw feeder of rattan roller Length is identical and both diameter parallel, so as to reduce melon vine and the weeds that melon-putting wheel 2 takes up as far as possible, and further exists Receive melon and shovel 3 provided with sawtooth, can will cut off melon vine and the weeds received on melon shovel 3, and prevent vasuclitis nodularis from being shoveled around melon is received.
3)As shown in figure 1, picking desk is provided with gauge wheel 5.
The present invention is not limited to the concrete technical scheme described in above-described embodiment, in addition to the implementation, and the present invention may be used also To there is other embodiment.The technical scheme of all use equivalent substitution formation, is the protection domain of application claims.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of harvester for seedling-watermelon, it is characterised in that:Including frame, picking desk, take seed device and conveying device, the frame Road wheel is provided with, the picking desk is arranged on the front end of frame, the rear end for taking seed device to be arranged on frame, the conveying Device, which is arranged on picking desk and takes the kind of watermelon for being used for collecting picking desk between seed device to be delivered to, takes seed device;
The picking desk includes front-seat screw feeder, heel row screw feeder, melon-putting wheel and receives melon shovel;Before the front-seat screw feeder is arranged on frame just The centre position of side, the blade of the front-seat screw feeder is divided into lobus sinister piece and lobus dexter piece vertically, the lobus sinister piece and lobus dexter piece The hand of spiral is opposite and when in use pushes a kind of watermelon to both sides;The heel row screw feeder includes being located at the heel row of frame both sides respectively Left screw feeder and back right screw feeder, the blade screw direction of player No.5's screw feeder and back right screw feeder is also opposite and when in use will A kind of watermelon pushes to centre;The melon-putting wheel is arranged on the dead astern of the front-seat screw feeder and positioned at player No.5's screw feeder and heel row Between right screw feeder, the melon-putting wheel includes the roller bearing being hingedly mounted in frame and is spaced along along the outer peripheral face of the roller bearing to set Some groups of melon plates put, described group of melon plate is connected with discoidal baffle plate along the axially extending of roller bearing, the centre of the roller bearing;Institute State the receipts melon that the conveying device for being used to the kind of watermelon that melon-putting wheel push comes being sent to rear is provided between conveying device and melon-putting wheel Shovel, the receipts melon shovel is wedge shaped and is hinged in the frame of conveying device front end, and the bottom for receiving melon shovel is provided with roller, described The front end for receiving melon shovel is located at the lower section of melon-putting wheel, and the rear end of the receipts melon shovel is extended to above the front end of conveying device;
It is described to take seed device to include compression roller, two melon wooden dipper separators, two melon crusty pancake separator, vertical screw feeders and positioned at frame top The melon seeds case in portion;The compression roller includes being arranged in pairs in the pressure roller above frame, and the periphery of the pressure roller is provided with some sword teeth; Two melon wooden dipper separators are respectively positioned on the lower section of compression roller, and two melon crusty pancake separators are separately positioned on the side of different melon wooden dipper separators Lower section;The kind of watermelon that the conveying device is transmitted when in use is divided into two groups after the roll-to-roll attrition crushing of extruding and fallen respectively Enter in two different melon wooden dipper separators, melon seeds and the melon crusty pancake that the melon wooden dipper separator is isolated send into the melon crusty pancake point of its side-lower From device, the melon crusty pancake separator isolates melon seeds and melon seeds is delivered in melon seeds case through vertical screw feeder.
2. harvester for seedling-watermelon according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Provided with pressure between the melon-putting wheel and front-seat screw feeder Rattan roller.
3. harvester for seedling-watermelon according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Sawtooth is provided with the receipts melon shovel.
4. harvester for seedling-watermelon according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The conveying device is conveyer belt, the transmission Take provided with some scraper plates.
5. harvester for seedling-watermelon according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Gap between the pressure roller being arranged in pairs is adjustable.
6. harvester for seedling-watermelon according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterised in that:The equal position of compression roller and melon wooden dipper separator In in same casing, demarcation strip of the cross section for " people " font, the demarcation strip edge are arranged right below between two pressure rollers Axially extending so as to which the casing below demarcation strip is divided into the first transmission channel and the second transmission channel, two melon wooden dippers point of pressure roller It is located at respectively in the first transmission channel and the second transmission channel from device.
7. harvester for seedling-watermelon according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The picking desk is provided with gauge wheel.
8. harvester for seedling-watermelon according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The left and right two ends of the front-seat screw feeder respectively with The right-hand member of player No.5's screw feeder, the left alignment of back right screw feeder.
CN201610481706.3A 2016-06-27 2016-06-27 Harvester for seedling-watermelon Active CN105993375B (en)

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CN109220185A (en) * 2018-10-19 2019-01-18 裕民县裕腾农牧业机械设备制造有限公司 Seed melon harvesting apparatus
CN109566062A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-04-05 吕博轩 A kind of stalk recycling integrated equipment
CN110050569A (en) * 2019-05-24 2019-07-26 山东巨明机械有限公司 Self-propelled interchange header harvester for seedling-watermelon
CN114342655B (en) * 2021-12-30 2023-09-22 江苏大学 Encircling type field watermelon harvester

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103621245A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-03-12 青岛中科菲力工程技术研发有限公司 Backpack seed melon combine harvester
CN205727081U (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-30 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Harvester for seedling-watermelon

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103621245A (en) * 2013-12-26 2014-03-12 青岛中科菲力工程技术研发有限公司 Backpack seed melon combine harvester
CN205727081U (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-30 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Harvester for seedling-watermelon

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