CN111642227B - Harvesting device for harvesting silage corns - Google Patents

Harvesting device for harvesting silage corns Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111642227B
CN111642227B CN202010577084.0A CN202010577084A CN111642227B CN 111642227 B CN111642227 B CN 111642227B CN 202010577084 A CN202010577084 A CN 202010577084A CN 111642227 B CN111642227 B CN 111642227B
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belt pulley
belt
bottom end
block
wheel
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CN111642227A (en
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徐立华
徐相波
丁一
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Maize Research Institute of Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Maize Research Institute of Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/006Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with devices for pressing or compacting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/08Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters
    • A01D43/081Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for cutting up the mown crop, e.g. forage harvesters specially adapted for ensilage of maize
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D43/00Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing
    • A01D43/10Mowers combined with apparatus performing additional operations while mowing with means for crushing or bruising the mown crop
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D57/00Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers
    • A01D57/20Delivering mechanisms for harvesters or mowers with conveyor belts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Crushing And Grinding (AREA)
  • Crushing And Pulverization Processes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a harvesting device for harvesting silage corns, which comprises a master control room, a harvesting plough, a collecting hopper and a servo motor, wherein the bottom end of the left side of the master control room is connected with the harvesting plough, the left side of the master control room is connected with a sorting box, the right side of the sorting box is connected with the collecting hopper, a crushing mechanism is connected inside the sorting box, the bottom end of the crushing mechanism is connected with a grinding mechanism, the bottom end of the grinding mechanism is connected with a material pressing mechanism, and the back surface of the sorting box is connected with the servo motor. This a harvesting apparatus for ensiling maize reaps through being provided with rubbing crusher structure and grinding mechanism, can conveniently carry out more meticulous breakage to ensiling maize, and the device is through being provided with swager constructs, can conveniently carry out the ration ejection of compact to the ensiling maize after the breakage.

Description

Harvesting device for harvesting silage corns
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of harvesting devices, in particular to a harvesting device for harvesting silage corns.
Background
Silage maize is one of three major types of maize divided by harvest and use; the method is characterized in that all overground green plants including ears are harvested in a proper harvesting period, and the plants are cut up, processed and suitable for producing silage by a silage fermentation method to feed grass-eating livestock such as cattle and sheep, and a silage harvesting device is needed for conveniently harvesting the silage corns.
At present, current partial silage maize harvesting apparatus, it is inside when smashing the silage maize, only play the effect of smashing the silage maize, but the edible habit and the edible fodder of ox and sheep are different, only play the effect of smashing, probably only make things convenient for the ox to eat, and the sheep is eaten to it will produce the problem that is difficult for absorbing, and current partial silage maize harvesting apparatus, it is after smashing the silage maize, it is direct with the silage maize discharge after smashing, but only discharge the silage maize with loose state, can bring a little inconvenience when allotting the fodder for the staff of later stage pasture, still need to use metering device to weigh the silage maize, mix according to proportion and other fodder, consequently need for a harvesting apparatus who is used for the silage maize to reap to solve above-mentioned problem urgently.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a harvesting device for harvesting silage corns, and aims to solve the problems that the existing part silage corn harvesting device provided by the background art is not fine enough for crushing silage corns, and the existing part silage corn cannot be discharged quantitatively when discharging.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a harvesting apparatus for silage maize is reaped, includes total control room, results plough, collecting hopper and servo motor, the left side bottom of total control room is connected with the results plough, and the left side of total control room is connected with the letter sorting case, the right side of letter sorting case is connected with the collecting hopper, the internal connection of letter sorting case has rubbing crusher to construct, and rubbing crusher's bottom is connected with grinds the mechanism, it is connected with swager to grind the mechanism bottom, the back connection of letter sorting case has servo motor.
Preferably, the crushing mechanism comprises a first gear, a first belt pulley, a first transmission belt, a second gear, a first support column, a first support box, a first baffle, a first sliding plate, a first cutting roller, a second transmission belt, a second belt pulley, a first connecting seat and a cutting knife, wherein the front of the first gear is connected with the first belt pulley, the surface of the first belt pulley is wound with the second transmission belt, the surface of the first belt pulley is wound with the first transmission belt, the bottom end of the first transmission belt is wound on the surface of the first transmission belt, the front of the first transmission belt is connected with the first support column, the bottom end of the first support column is connected with the first support box, the bottom end surface of the first support box is connected with the first baffle, the right inner wall of the sorting box is connected with the first sliding plate, the back of the first gear is connected with the first cutting roller, and the left side of first cutting roller is connected with cuts out the sword, the bottom of second driving belt is connected with another group first belt pulley, the back connection of first belt pulley has the second drive wheel, and the top surface meshing of second drive wheel has first drive wheel, and the bottom of first drive wheel is connected with the second belt pulley, and the bottom of second belt pulley is connected in the inside of first support box, the back of second belt pulley is connected with another group through driving belt the second belt pulley, another group the inside of second belt pulley runs through there is the conveying roller, the bottom of first support box is connected with first connection seat.
Preferably, the grinding mechanism comprises a first driving wheel, a second driving wheel, a first connecting cylinder, a conveying roller, a guide plate, a second conveying belt, a first connecting block, an arc-shaped grinding seat, a first connecting plate, a second sliding plate, a first fixing block, a third belt pulley, an upper connecting rod, a first connecting frame, a grinding block, a first connecting rod, a second connecting block, a half gear, a first stop block, a third connecting block, a torsion spring, a transmission cavity and transmission teeth, wherein the front surface of the first driving wheel is meshed with the second driving wheel, the front surface of the second driving wheel is connected with the first belt pulley, the front surface of the first belt pulley is connected with the fourth belt pulley, the bottom end of the first connecting cylinder is connected with the first connecting cylinder, the inner wall of the first connecting cylinder is abutted to the conveying roller, the bottom end of the conveying roller is connected with the arc-shaped grinding seat, and the center position of the bottom end of the conveying roller is connected with the upper connecting rod, the bottom end of the upper connecting rod is connected with a second connecting block, the front and the back of the second connecting block are both connected with first connecting rods, the front and the back of each first connecting rod are both connected with grinding blocks, the front of each grinding block is abutted with a first connecting block, the bottom end of each first connecting block is connected with a third connecting block, a torsion spring is inserted into each third connecting block, the back of each torsion spring is connected with a first stop dog, the right side of each conveying roller is connected with a guide plate, the right side of each guide plate is abutted with a second conveying belt, each first connecting plate is connected to the inner wall of the right side of the sorting box, each second sliding plate is connected to the inner wall of the left side of the sorting box, the front of each first fixing block is connected to the inner wall of the sorting box, a third belt pulley is inserted into each first fixing block, the back of each third belt pulley is connected with a second conveying belt, and the surface of each third belt pulley is wound with a lower connecting rod, the transmission cavity is formed in the second connecting block, transmission teeth are connected to the inner wall of the transmission cavity, and half gears are meshed to the surfaces of the transmission teeth.
Preferably, the material pressing mechanism comprises a second supporting column, a lower fixed plate, an upper pressing plate, a first spring, a material taking plate, a material storing seat, a third conveying belt, a fourth belt pulley, a lower connecting rod, a fourth driving belt, an eccentric wheel, a first auxiliary wheel, a fifth driving belt, a fifth belt pulley, a lower fixing rod, a second auxiliary wheel, a second connecting rod and a first connecting sleeve, the second supporting column is connected to the inner wall of the bottom end of the left side of the sorting box, the top end of the second supporting column is connected with the lower fixed plate, the back of the top end of the lower fixed plate is connected with the fourth belt pulley, the third conveying belt is wound on the surface of the fourth belt pulley, the material storing seat is connected to the surface of the top end of the third conveying belt, the first spring is connected to the inner wall of the material storing seat, the material taking plate is connected to the surface of the right side of the first spring, the lower connecting rod is connected to the bottom end of the first connecting plate, and the back of connecting rod is connected with the eccentric wheel down, the back of eccentric wheel is connected with first auxiliary wheel, and the meshing of the top surface of first auxiliary wheel has the second auxiliary wheel, the positive central point department of putting of second auxiliary wheel is connected with the second connecting rod, the front of eccentric wheel is connected with the fifth belt pulley, and fifth belt pulley surface winding has a fourth driving belt, the front of fifth belt pulley is connected with another group the fifth belt pulley, another group the front winding of fifth belt pulley has the fifth driving belt, the back of eccentric wheel is connected with first connecting sleeve, the bottom of first connecting sleeve is connected with down the dead lever, and the bottom of dead lever is connected with down presses the pressing plate.
Preferably, the first cutting rollers are provided with two groups, the surface diameters of the two groups of first cutting rollers are the same, the surface of the first cutting roller is connected with two groups of cutting knives, and the surface shapes and the sizes of the cutting knives are the same.
Preferably, a groove is formed in the arc-shaped grinding seat, the shape and size of the inner part of the groove are the same as those of the surface of the first connecting rod, and the first connecting rod is inserted into the groove of the arc-shaped grinding seat.
Preferably, one end of the torsion spring is connected inside the first connecting block, the other end of the torsion spring is connected inside the first stop block, and the first stop block, the third connecting block and the torsion spring form an elastic structure.
Preferably, the shape structure of the half gear is a semicircular gear, transmission teeth are fixed on the inner wall of the transmission cavity, and the size of a tooth block gap on the surface of the half gear is the same as that of a transmission tooth surface gap.
Preferably, the size of the surface diameter of the second auxiliary wheel is slightly larger than that of the surface diameter of the first auxiliary wheel, and the size of the tooth block gap on the surface of the second auxiliary wheel is the same as that of the tooth block gap on the surface of the first auxiliary wheel.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: this a harvesting apparatus for ensiling maize reaps through being provided with rubbing crusher structure and grinding mechanism, can conveniently carry out more meticulous breakage to ensiling maize, and the device is through being provided with swager constructs, can conveniently carry out the ration ejection of compact to the ensiling maize after the breakage.
1. The device is through being provided with rubbing crusher structure and grinding mechanism, be fixed in first roller surface of tailorring the sword can carry out the distance to the centre gripping and cut up at the inboard ensiling corn stalk of first roller of tailorring, make shaft-like ensiling maize become cubic, drive the semi-gear through the conveying roller and carry out the transmission, enable to grind the piece and grind placing the inboard ensiling maize piece of first linkage block to ensiling maize piece becomes more meticulous in the time, makes things convenient for the biological edible of two kinds of differences of ox and sheep.
2. The device is through being provided with swager constructs, along with last reciprocal extrusion according to the clamp plate, can extrude into the brick form at the inside material of stock seat with piling up, when the stock seat moves the department of buckling to the third conveyer belt simultaneously, it will to be located the inside first spring of stock seat can be through getting the flitch, it extrudes to be located the inside brick form material of stock seat, make brick form silage maize drop to the inside of receiving the hopper, and the quality size of brick form silage maize is the same, thereby can make things convenient for the staff to carry out the ration and get the material.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional elevation view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional elevation view of the sorting box of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in FIG. 2 according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a schematic left side sectional view of the structure of the sorting bin of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the structure at B in FIG. 5 according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged, fragmentary view at C of FIG. 5 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of the structure at E in FIG. 7 according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic top sectional view of a first conveyor belt of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic top sectional view of the second conveyor belt and the first fixed block according to the present invention;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged view of the structure of FIG. 10 at F according to the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic top sectional view of the storage base and a fourth driving belt according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a master control room; 2. harvesting the plough; 3. sorting boxes; 4. a material receiving hopper; 5. a crushing mechanism; 51. a first gear; 52. a first pulley; 53. a first drive belt; 54. a first conveyor belt; 55. a second gear; 56. a first support column; 57. a first support box; 58. a first baffle plate; 59. a first slide plate; 510. a first cutting roller; 511. a second drive belt; 512. a second pulley; 513. a first connecting seat; 514. a cutting knife; 6. a grinding mechanism; 61. a first drive pulley; 62. a second transmission wheel; 63. a first connecting cylinder; 64. a conveying roller; 65. a guide plate; 66. a second conveyor belt; 67. a first connection block; 68. an arc-shaped grinding seat; 69. a first connecting plate; 610. a second slide plate; 611. a first fixed block; 612. a third belt pulley; 613. an upper connecting rod; 614. a first connecting frame; 615. grinding blocks; 616. a first connecting rod; 617. a second connecting block; 618. a half gear; 619. a first stopper; 620. a third connecting block; 621. a torsion spring; 622. a transmission cavity; 623. a transmission gear; 7. a material pressing mechanism; 71. a second support column; 72. a lower fixing plate; 73. an upper pressing plate; 74. a first spring; 75. taking a material plate; 76. a material storage seat; 77. a third conveyor belt; 78. a fourth belt pulley; 79. a lower connecting rod; 710. a fourth drive belt; 711. an eccentric wheel; 712. a first auxiliary wheel; 713. a fifth drive belt; 714. a fifth belt pulley; 715. a lower fixing rod; 716. a second auxiliary wheel; 717. a second connecting rod; 718. a first connecting sleeve; 8. a servo motor.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-12, an embodiment of the present invention is shown:
a harvesting device for harvesting silage corns comprises a master control chamber 1, a harvesting plough 2, a receiving hopper 4 and a servo motor 8, wherein the bottom end of the left side of the master control chamber 1 is connected with the harvesting plough 2, the left side of the master control chamber 1 is connected with a sorting box 3, the right side of the sorting box 3 is connected with the receiving hopper 4, the inside of the sorting box 3 is connected with a crushing mechanism 5, the crushing mechanism 5 comprises a first gear 51, a first belt pulley 52, a first transmission belt 53, a first transmission belt 54, a second gear 55, a first supporting column 56, a first supporting box 57, a first baffle plate 58, a first sliding plate 59, a first cutting roller 510, a second transmission belt 511, a second belt pulley 512, a first connecting seat 513 and a cutting knife 514, the front side of the first gear 51 is connected with the first belt pulley 52, the surface of the first belt pulley 52 is wound with the second transmission belt 511, the surface of the first belt 52 is wound with the first transmission belt 53, the bottom end of the first transmission belt 53 is wound on the surface of the first transmission belt 54, the front surface of the first transmission belt 54 is connected with a first support column 56, the bottom end of the first support column 56 is connected with a first support box 57, the bottom end surface of the first support box 57 is connected with a first baffle 58, the right inner wall of the sorting box 3 is connected with a first sliding plate 59, the back surface of the first gear 51 is connected with a first cutting roller 510, two groups of first cutting rollers 510 are arranged, the two sets of first cutting rollers 510 have the same surface diameter, the surface of one set of first cutting rollers 510 is connected with two sets of cutting knives 514, the surface shapes and sizes of the cutting knives 514 are the same, and the same shapes and sizes can ensure that when the two sets of first cutting rollers 510 rotate, make two sets of first cutting roller 510 surperficial cutting knife 514 carry out the butt, tailor silage maize straw, convenient follow-up further tailors silage maize.
And the left side of the first cutting roller 510 is connected with a cutting knife 514, the bottom end of the second transmission belt 511 is connected with another group of first belt pulleys 52, the back surface of the first belt pulley 52 is connected with a second transmission wheel 62, the top surface of the second transmission wheel 62 is meshed with a first transmission wheel 61, the bottom end of the first transmission wheel 61 is connected with a second belt pulley 512, the bottom end of the second belt pulley 512 is connected inside the first support box 57, the back surface of the second belt pulley 512 is connected with another group of second belt pulleys 512 through the transmission belt, a conveying roller 64 penetrates through the inside of the other group of second belt pulleys 512, the bottom end of the first support box 57 is connected with a first connecting seat 513, and the silage corn stalks can be conveniently subjected to preliminary cutting and crushing through the arrangement of the crushing mechanism 5, so that the silage corn stalks can be conveniently ground in the follow-up further grinding process.
And the bottom end of the crushing mechanism 5 is connected with a grinding mechanism 6, the grinding mechanism 6 comprises a first driving wheel 61, a second driving wheel 62, a first connecting cylinder 63, a conveying roller 64, a guide plate 65, a second conveyor belt 66, a first connecting block 67, an arc-shaped grinding seat 68, a first connecting plate 69, a second sliding plate 610, a first fixed block 611, a third belt pulley 612, an upper connecting rod 613, a first connecting frame 614, a grinding block 615, a first connecting rod 616, a second connecting block 617, a half gear 618, a first block 619, a third connecting block 620, a torsion spring 621, a transmission cavity 622 and a transmission gear 623, the front surface of the first driving wheel 61 is engaged with the second driving wheel 62, the front surface of the second driving wheel 62 is connected with a first belt pulley 52, the front surface of the first belt pulley 52 is connected with a fourth belt pulley 78, the bottom end of the first connecting cylinder 513 is connected with the first connecting cylinder 63, and the inner wall of the first connecting cylinder 63 is abutted with the conveying roller 64, the bottom of conveying roller 64 is connected with the arc and grinds seat 68, the recess has been seted up to the inside that the seat 68 was ground to the arc, and the internal shape size of recess is the same with the surface shape size of head rod 616, and head rod 616 inserts the inside of establishing arc and grinding seat 68 recess, the same shape size can reduce the rocking that produces when the inside of arc grinding seat 68 is removed of head rod 616, so that grinding block 615 and head rod 67 grind more meticulous to silage maize fodder, make things convenient for different biological different edible demands such as follow-up cattle and sheep.
The bottom center of conveying roller 64 is located to be connected with connecting rod 613, and the bottom of going up connecting rod 613 is connected with second connecting block 617, the front and the back of second connecting block 617 all are connected with head rod 616, the front and the back of head rod 616 all are connected with grinds piece 615, the front butt of grinding piece 615 has first connecting block 67, and the bottom of first connecting block 67 is connected with third connecting block 620, the inside of third connecting block 620 is inserted and is equipped with torsion spring 621, torsion spring 621's one end is connected in the inside of first connecting block 67, and torsion spring 621's the other end is connected in the inside of first dog 619, third connecting block 620 and torsion spring 621 constitute the elastic construction, enable first dog 619 after being opened through constituting the elastic construction, can also kick-back through torsion spring 621's elasticity effect.
The back of the torsion spring 621 is connected with a first block 619, the right side of the conveying roller 64 is connected with a guide plate 65, the right side of the guide plate 65 is abutted with a second conveying belt 66, the first connecting plate 69 is connected with the right inner wall of the sorting box 3, the second sliding plate 610 is connected with the left inner wall of the sorting box 3, the front of the first fixing block 611 is connected with the inner wall of the sorting box 3, a third belt pulley 612 is inserted in the first fixing block 611, the back of the third belt pulley 612 is connected with the second conveying belt 66, the surface of the third belt pulley 612 is wound with a lower connecting rod 79, a transmission cavity 622 is formed in the second connecting block 617, the inner wall of the transmission cavity 622 is connected with a transmission tooth 623, the surface of the transmission tooth 623 is engaged with a half gear 618, the shape structure of the half gear 618 is a semicircular gear, the inner wall of the transmission cavity 622 is fixed with a transmission tooth 623, and the tooth gap on the surface of the half gear 618 is the same as the gap on the surface of the transmission tooth 623, through using the semi-circular gear structure, enable the semi-gear 618 in the rotation, mesh through the driving tooth 623 with transmission cavity 622 inner wall, can conveniently make second connecting block 617 carry out reciprocating motion to head rod 616, grind mechanism 6 through setting up, can conveniently assist the grinding to ensiling maize forage to make things convenient for biology such as ox, sheep to digest and absorb.
The bottom end of the grinding mechanism 6 is connected with a material pressing mechanism 7, the material pressing mechanism 7 comprises a second supporting column 71, a lower fixing plate 72, an upper pressing plate 73, a first spring 74, a material taking plate 75, a material storage seat 76, a third conveyor belt 77, a fourth belt pulley 78, a lower connecting rod 79, a fourth conveyor belt 710, an eccentric wheel 711, a first auxiliary wheel 712, a fifth conveyor belt 713, a fifth belt pulley 714, a lower fixing rod 715, a second auxiliary wheel 716, a second connecting rod 717 and a first connecting sleeve 718, the second supporting column 71 is connected with the inner wall of the left bottom end of the sorting box 3, the top end of the second supporting column 71 is connected with the lower fixing plate 72, the back surface of the top end of the lower fixing plate 72 is connected with the fourth belt pulley 78, the third conveyor belt 77 is wound on the surface of the fourth belt pulley 78, the material storage seat 76 is connected on the top end surface of the third conveyor belt 77, the first spring 74 is connected on the inner wall of the material storage seat 76, and the material taking plate 75 is connected on the right side surface of the first spring 74, the bottom end of the first connecting plate 69 is connected with a lower connecting rod 79, the back of the lower connecting rod 79 is connected with an eccentric wheel 711, the back of the eccentric wheel 711 is connected with a first auxiliary wheel 712, the top end surface of the first auxiliary wheel 712 is engaged with a second auxiliary wheel 716, the surface diameter of the second auxiliary wheel 716 is slightly larger than the surface diameter of the first auxiliary wheel 712, the tooth block gap size of the surface of the second auxiliary wheel 716 is the same as that of the surface of the first auxiliary wheel 712, the same tooth block gap size can avoid the transmission loss generated when the second auxiliary wheel 716 and the first auxiliary wheel 712 transmit power, the front center position of the second auxiliary wheel 716 is connected with a second connecting rod 717, the front of the eccentric wheel 711 is connected with a fifth belt pulley 714, the surface of the fifth belt pulley 714 is wound with a fourth transmission belt 710, the front of the fifth belt pulley 714 is connected with another group of fifth belt pulley 714, the front of the other group of fifth belt pulleys 714 is wound with a fifth transmission belt 713, the back of the eccentric wheel 711 is connected with a first connecting sleeve 718, the bottom end of the first connecting sleeve 718 is connected with a lower fixing rod 715, the bottom end of the lower fixing rod 715 is connected with an upper pressing plate 73, the material pressing mechanism 7 is arranged, the material can be compressed in a modularized mode conveniently, the material pressing mechanism is convenient to carry, a user can conveniently and quantitatively take silage corns at the same time, the weight of each forage brick is about the same because the forage bricks are the same in size, the back of the sorting box 3 is connected with a servo motor 8, and the servo motor 8 is IHSS57-36-20 in model.
The working principle is as follows: during the use, at first accomodate the inside to letter sorting case 3 to silage maize straw through results plough 2, supply power through total control room 1 self simultaneously, enable servo motor 8 and begin to carry out work, make servo motor 8 drive first cutting roller 510 simultaneously and rotate, through the rotation of first cutting roller 510, enable first cutting roller 510 and crowd the surface of delivering to first conveyer belt 54 with silage maize straw, and through the sword 514 of tailorring on the surface of first cutting roller 510, can tailor silage maize straw.
The first gear 51 is driven to rotate by the rotation of the first cutting roller 510, the second gear 55 is driven to rotate by the rotation of the first gear 51, the second driving belt 511 is driven to rotate by the first belt pulley 52 on the front surface of the first gear 51, the other set of first belt pulley 52 at the bottom end of the second driving belt 511 is driven to rotate, the second driving wheel 62 is driven to rotate by the rotation of the other set of first belt pulley 52, the first driving wheel 61 is driven to mesh and rotate by the second driving wheel 62, the third belt pulley 612 is driven to rotate by the fourth belt pulley 78, the fifth belt pulley 714 at the bottom end of the lower connecting rod 79 is driven to rotate together by the lower connecting rod 79 wound on the surface of the third belt pulley 612, and the first auxiliary wheel 712 is also driven to rotate by the fifth belt pulley 714, the eccentric wheel 711 on the front surface of the first auxiliary wheel 712 rotates, and the eccentric wheel 711 drives the lower fixing rod 715 to reciprocate through the first connecting sleeve 718, so as to extrude the silage corn material falling on the surface of the material taking plate 75.
When the silage corns are crushed, the silage corns are driven by the rotation of the two groups of first cutting rollers 510 to be pushed to the inside of the sorting box 3, meanwhile, the cutting knives 514 fixed on the surfaces of the first cutting rollers 510 can cut the silage corns clamped on the inner sides of the first cutting rollers 510 at intervals, the rod-shaped silage corns are changed into blocks, then, the silage corns positioned on the surfaces of the first conveyor belts 54 can be conveyed to the surface of the first sliding plate 59 through the conveying of the first conveyor belts 54, the silage corns falling on the surfaces of the first sliding plate 59 can slide down to the surface of the second conveyor belt 66 along the slope angle of the surface of the first sliding plate 59, meanwhile, the silage corn crushed blocks positioned on the surfaces of the second conveyor belts 66 can be conveyed to the surface of the conveying roller 64 through the guide plate 65 through the conveying of the second conveyor belt 66, meanwhile, the silage corns are conveyed downwards slowly through the conveying roller 64, meanwhile, when the silage corn broken pieces reach the top surface of the arc-shaped grinding seat 68, the silage corn broken pieces can reach a gap between the grinding block 615 and the first connecting block 67 through the radian generated on the surface of the arc-shaped grinding seat 68, the half gear 618 can be driven to rotate along with the transmission of the half gear 618, the arc-shaped grinding seat 68 can be driven to reciprocate through the second connecting block 617 through the meshing between the half gear 618 and the transmission teeth 623, the first connecting rods 616 connected to the two sides of the second connecting block 617 can reciprocate simultaneously, the grinding block 615 can be gradually contacted with the silage corn broken pieces placed on the inner side of the first connecting block 67, the half gear 618 is driven to transmit through the conveying roller 64, the silage corn pieces placed on the inner side of the first connecting block 67 can be ground by the grinding block 615, so that the silage corn pieces become finer, is convenient for cattle and sheep to eat.
After the materials are ground by the grinding block 615 and the first connecting block 67, the ground powdery silage corns are stacked on the top end of the first stopper 619, meanwhile, the weight of the silage corns is increased along with the increase of the powdery silage corns stacked on the top end surface of the first stopper 619, along with the continuous increase of the weight, the silage corns can press the first stopper 619 apart through the action of gravity, the silage corns fall onto the surface of the second sliding plate 610 through the action of gravity, after the silage corns fall from the surface of the first stopper 619, the first stopper 619 can rebound to the original position again through the elastic force of the torsion spring 621, the ground materials are continuously stacked on the top end of the first stopper 619, meanwhile, the third conveyor belt 77 can rotate and can drive the material storage seat 76 on the surface of the third conveyor belt 77 to rotate together, and the powdery silage corns slip from the surface of the second sliding plate 610, the powdery silage corns accumulated on the surface of the material storage seat 76 can be pressed and conveyed to the inside of the material storage seat 76 through the movement of the upper pressing plate 73, meanwhile, the materials accumulated in the material storage seat 76 can be extruded into a brick shape by matching with juice in the materials along with the reciprocating extrusion of the upper pressing plate 73, meanwhile, when the material storage seat 76 runs to the bending part of the third conveyor belt 77, the first spring 74 positioned in the material storage seat 76 can be extruded out through the material taking plate 75, the brick-shaped materials positioned in the material storage seat 76 are extruded, the brick-shaped silage corns fall into the material receiving hopper 4, the brick-shaped silage corns are the same in mass size, and therefore workers can conveniently take quantitative materials.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a harvesting apparatus for ensiling maize is reaped, includes total accuse room (1), results plough (2), receiving hopper (4) and servo motor (8), its characterized in that: the harvesting plough (2) is connected to the bottom end of the left side of the master control room (1), the sorting box (3) is connected to the left side of the master control room (1), the receiving hopper (4) is connected to the right side of the sorting box (3), the crushing mechanism (5) is connected to the inside of the sorting box (3), the grinding mechanism (6) is connected to the bottom end of the crushing mechanism (5), the material pressing mechanism (7) is connected to the bottom end of the grinding mechanism (6), and the servo motor (8) is connected to the back of the sorting box (3);
the crushing mechanism (5) comprises a first gear (51), a first belt pulley (52), a first transmission belt (53), a first transmission belt (54), a second gear (55), a first support column (56), a first support box (57), a first baffle plate (58), a first sliding plate (59), a first cutting roller (510), a second transmission belt (511), a second belt pulley (512), a first connecting seat (513) and a cutting knife (514), wherein the front surface of the first gear (51) is connected with the first belt pulley (52), the surface of the first belt pulley (52) is wound with the second transmission belt (511), the surface of the first belt pulley (52) is wound with the first transmission belt (53), the bottom end of the first transmission belt (53) is wound on the surface of the first transmission belt (54), the front surface of the first transmission belt (54) is connected with the first support column (56), the bottom of first support column (56) is connected with first support box (57), the bottom surface of first support box (57) is connected with first baffle (58), the right side wall connection of letter sorting case (3) has first slide (59), the back connection of first gear (51) has first cutting roller (510), and the left side of first cutting roller (510) is connected with cuts out sword (514), the bottom of second drive belt (511) is connected with another group first belt pulley (52), the back connection of first belt pulley (52) has second drive wheel (62), and the top surface meshing of second drive wheel (62) has first drive wheel (61), and the bottom of first drive wheel (61) is connected with second belt pulley (512), and the bottom of second belt pulley (512) is connected in the inside of first support box (57), the back of second belt pulley (512) is connected with another set of through drive belt second belt pulley (512) A conveying roller (64) penetrates through the inside of the other group of second belt pulleys (512), and the bottom end of the first supporting box (57) is connected with a first connecting seat (513);
the grinding mechanism (6) comprises a first driving wheel (61), a second driving wheel (62), a first connecting cylinder (63), a conveying roller (64), a guide plate (65), a second conveying belt (66), a first connecting block (67), an arc grinding seat (68), a first connecting plate (69), a second sliding plate (610), a first fixed block (611), a third belt pulley (612), an upper connecting rod (613), a first connecting frame (614), a grinding block (615), a first connecting rod (616), a second connecting block (617), a half gear (618), a first block (619), a third connecting block (620), a torsion spring (621), a driving cavity (622) and a driving gear (623), wherein the front surface of the first driving wheel (61) is meshed with the second driving wheel (62), the front surface of the second driving wheel (62) is connected with a first belt pulley (52), the front surface of the first belt pulley (52) is connected with a fourth belt pulley (78), the bottom end of the first connecting seat (513) is connected with a first connecting cylinder (63), the inner wall of the first connecting cylinder (63) is abutted to a conveying roller (64), the bottom end of the conveying roller (64) is connected with an arc-shaped grinding seat (68), the bottom center of the conveying roller (64) is connected with an upper connecting rod (613), the bottom end of the upper connecting rod (613) is connected with a second connecting block (617), the front surface and the back surface of the second connecting block (617) are both connected with first connecting rods (616), the front surface and the back surface of the first connecting rod (616) are both connected with grinding blocks (615), the front surface of the grinding blocks (615) is abutted to a first connecting block (67), the bottom end of the first connecting block (67) is connected with a third connecting block (620), a torsion spring (621) is inserted into the third connecting block (620), and the back surface of the torsion spring (621) is connected with a first stop block (619), the right side of conveying roller (64) is connected with guide board (65), and the right side butt of guide board (65) has second conveyer belt (66), the right side inner wall at letter sorting case (3) is connected in first connecting plate (69), the left side inner wall at letter sorting case (3) is connected in second slide (610), the inner wall at letter sorting case (3) is connected in the front of first fixed block (611), the inside of first fixed block (611) is inserted and is equipped with third belt pulley (612), and the back connection of third belt pulley (612) has second conveyer belt (66), the surface winding of third belt pulley (612) has lower connecting rod (79), transmission chamber (622) has been seted up to the inside of second connecting block (617), and the inner wall of transmission chamber (622) is connected with transmission tooth (623), the surface meshing of transmission tooth (623) has half gear (618).
2. A harvesting device for ensiled corn harvesting according to claim 1, wherein: the material pressing mechanism (7) comprises a second supporting column (71), a lower fixing plate (72), an upper pressing plate (73), a first spring (74), a material taking plate (75), a material storage seat (76), a third conveyor belt (77), a fourth belt pulley (78), a lower connecting rod (79), a fourth transmission belt (710), an eccentric wheel (711), a first auxiliary wheel (712), a fifth transmission belt (713), a fifth belt pulley (714), a lower fixing rod (715), a second auxiliary wheel (716), a second connecting rod (717) and a first connecting sleeve (718), wherein the second supporting column (71) is connected to the inner wall of the bottom end of the left side of the sorting box (3), the top end of the second supporting column (71) is connected with the lower fixing plate (72), the back of the top end of the lower fixing plate (72) is connected with the fourth belt pulley (78), the third conveyor belt (77) is wound on the surface of the fourth belt pulley (78), the material storing seat (76) is connected to the top end surface of the third conveying belt (77), a first spring (74) is connected to the inner wall of the material storing seat (76), a material taking plate (75) is connected to the right side surface of the first spring (74), a lower connecting rod (79) is connected to the bottom end of the first connecting plate (69), an eccentric wheel (711) is connected to the back surface of the lower connecting rod (79), a first auxiliary wheel (712) is connected to the back surface of the eccentric wheel (711), a second auxiliary wheel (716) is meshed to the top end surface of the first auxiliary wheel (712), a second connecting rod (717) is connected to the front center position of the second auxiliary wheel (716), a fifth belt pulley (714) is connected to the front surface of the eccentric wheel (711), a fourth transmission belt (710) is wound on the surface of the fifth belt pulley (714), and another group of fifth belt pulley (714) is connected to the front surface of the fifth belt pulley (714), a fifth transmission belt (713) is wound on the front surface of the other group of fifth belt pulleys (714), a first connecting sleeve (718) is connected to the back surface of the eccentric wheel (711), a lower fixing rod (715) is connected to the bottom end of the first connecting sleeve (718), and an upper pressing plate (73) is connected to the bottom end of the lower fixing rod (715).
3. A harvesting apparatus for ensiling corn harvesting according to claim 2, wherein: first cutting roller (510) are provided with two sets ofly, and the surface diameter size of two sets of first cutting roller (510) is the same, and the surface connection of a set of first cutting roller (510) has two sets of scissors (514), the surface shape size of scissors (514) is the same.
4. A harvesting device for ensiled corn harvesting according to claim 3, wherein: a groove is formed in the arc-shaped grinding seat (68), the shape and size of the inner part of the groove are the same as those of the surface of the first connecting rod (616), and the first connecting rod (616) is inserted into the groove of the arc-shaped grinding seat (68).
5. A harvesting device for ensiled corn harvesting according to claim 3, wherein: one end of the torsion spring (621) is connected inside the first connecting block (67), the other end of the torsion spring (621) is connected inside the first stopper (619), and the first stopper (619), the third connecting block (620) and the torsion spring (621) form an elastic structure.
6. A harvesting device for ensiled corn harvesting according to claim 3, wherein: the shape structure of half gear (618) is the semicircle gear, and the inner wall of transmission chamber (622) is fixed with driving tooth (623), the tooth piece gap size on half gear (618) surface is the same with driving tooth (623) surface gap size.
7. A harvesting device for ensiled corn harvesting according to claim 4, wherein: the diameter of the surface of the second auxiliary wheel (716) is slightly larger than that of the surface of the first auxiliary wheel (712), and the size of the tooth block gap of the surface of the second auxiliary wheel (716) is the same as that of the tooth block gap of the surface of the first auxiliary wheel (712).
CN202010577084.0A 2020-06-23 2020-06-23 Harvesting device for harvesting silage corns Active CN111642227B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203872593U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-10-15 邹平永兴农机有限公司 Universal self-propelled corn green feed harvester
CN206909153U (en) * 2017-04-26 2018-01-23 渭南市利农牧草机械有限责任公司 A kind of corn silage harvester
CN107996134A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-08 安徽农业大学 Field corn straw in situ ensilage quantifies block processing and fabricating device
CN108076813A (en) * 2016-11-21 2018-05-29 周宝东 A kind of lightweight corn picker shredding mechanism
CN207802793U (en) * 2018-01-28 2018-09-04 陈晓宁 A kind of switching device of Miniature corn harvesting machine
CN208191340U (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-12-07 纪小坤 A kind of grain straw crushes vibration damping, the noise reduction transmission mechanism of harvester
CN110754210A (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-02-07 邳州彬亚机械设备有限公司 Corn harvester straw crushing system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203872593U (en) * 2014-03-25 2014-10-15 邹平永兴农机有限公司 Universal self-propelled corn green feed harvester
CN108076813A (en) * 2016-11-21 2018-05-29 周宝东 A kind of lightweight corn picker shredding mechanism
CN206909153U (en) * 2017-04-26 2018-01-23 渭南市利农牧草机械有限责任公司 A kind of corn silage harvester
CN107996134A (en) * 2017-12-25 2018-05-08 安徽农业大学 Field corn straw in situ ensilage quantifies block processing and fabricating device
CN207802793U (en) * 2018-01-28 2018-09-04 陈晓宁 A kind of switching device of Miniature corn harvesting machine
CN208191340U (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-12-07 纪小坤 A kind of grain straw crushes vibration damping, the noise reduction transmission mechanism of harvester
CN110754210A (en) * 2019-10-28 2020-02-07 邳州彬亚机械设备有限公司 Corn harvester straw crushing system

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