CN111615877A - Automatic fertilizer applicator - Google Patents

Automatic fertilizer applicator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111615877A
CN111615877A CN202010689363.6A CN202010689363A CN111615877A CN 111615877 A CN111615877 A CN 111615877A CN 202010689363 A CN202010689363 A CN 202010689363A CN 111615877 A CN111615877 A CN 111615877A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
storage box
box
piece
supporting seat
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010689363.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
袁梁狄
黄海军
吴树华
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Zhanjiang Jiade Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Zhanjiang Jiade Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhanjiang Jiade Technology Co ltd filed Critical Zhanjiang Jiade Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202010689363.6A priority Critical patent/CN111615877A/en
Publication of CN111615877A publication Critical patent/CN111615877A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/04Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools
    • A01B49/06Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising
    • A01B49/065Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising the soil-working tools being actively driven

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Working Implements (AREA)
  • Fertilizing (AREA)

Abstract

An automatic fertilizer applicator comprises a supporting seat and a storage box; the storage box is vertically arranged on the supporting seat, and the fertilizer output pipe is arranged on the storage box; the inner gear ring is arranged on the material storage box; the first gear is horizontally arranged in the opening, and the second gear is positioned between the first gear and the inner gear ring; the fixed box is provided with a first driving device, the output end of the first driving device is provided with a first transmission piece, and the first transmission piece is connected with the first gear; the first rotating piece is arranged on the first gear, the second rotating piece is arranged on the second gear, the first rotating piece is provided with a stirring paddle, and the second rotating piece is provided with a stirring rod; the lifting device is arranged on the fixed plate and connected with the connecting box; the bottom of the connecting box is provided with a support frame, and the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the support frame; the plowing roller is arranged on the rotating shaft. The fertilizer applying device is simple to operate and convenient to use, not only can effectively stir the fertilizer to improve the fertilizer applying effect, but also can loosen the soil of the planting land, and the using effect is excellent.

Description

Automatic fertilizer applicator
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to an automatic fertilizer applicator.
Background
In agricultural production, fertilization is an indispensable work, and both field crops such as wheat, rice, corn and the like and field and greenhouse fine crops such as vegetables, melons and fruits and the like need to be fertilized in time; the fertilizer distributor mainly is used for fertilizeing soil, at present at the farming in-process, often fertilize the soil of planting through the manual work, the fertilization is inefficient, waste time and energy, and the soil condition in each area all can not be the same completely, required fertilizer is inequality certainly, consequently need mix multiple fertilizer together in order to improve the fertilization effect according to actual conditions, but current fertilizer distributor simple structure, the function singleness, often do not have the function that the stirring mixes and turn over the ground, lead to the result of use effect not good, remain to improve.
Disclosure of Invention
Objects of the invention
In order to solve the technical problems in the background art, the invention provides the automatic fertilizer applicator which is simple to operate and convenient to use, not only can effectively stir fertilizers to improve the fertilizing effect, but also can loosen the soil of planting land, and has an excellent using effect.
(II) technical scheme
The invention provides an automatic fertilizer applicator, which comprises a supporting seat, a storage box, a fixed box, a first gear, an inner gear ring, a second gear, a first rotating piece, a second rotating piece, a fertilizer output pipe, a lifting device, a connecting box, a rotating shaft, a plowing roller, a raking piece and an elastic piece, wherein the inner gear ring is arranged in the inner gear ring;
a push rod is arranged on the supporting seat, and walking wheels are arranged on two sides of the bottom of the supporting seat; the fertilizer output pipe is arranged on the storage box and downwards penetrates through the supporting seat, and a valve is arranged on the fertilizer output pipe; the top of the material storage box is provided with an opening, and the inner gear ring is arranged on the material storage box and is positioned in the opening; the first gear is horizontally arranged in the opening, the second gear is horizontally arranged and positioned between the first gear and the inner gear ring, the second gear is meshed with the first gear, and the second gear is meshed with the inner gear ring; the fixed box is arranged on the material storage box, a first driving device is arranged on the fixed box, a first transmission piece is arranged at the output end of the first driving device, and the first transmission piece is connected with the first gear; the first rotating piece is vertically arranged on the first gear and extends downwards into the storage box, the second rotating piece is vertically arranged on the second gear and extends downwards into the storage box, the first rotating piece is provided with a stirring blade, and the second rotating piece is provided with a stirring rod;
the material storage box is horizontally provided with a fixed plate, the connecting box is positioned below the fixed plate, and the lifting device is vertically arranged on the fixed plate and connected with the connecting box; the bottom of the connecting box is provided with a support frame, and the rotating shaft is longitudinally arranged and is rotationally connected with the support frame; the plowing roller is arranged on the rotating shaft, and soil turning teeth are arranged on the plowing roller; a second driving device is arranged in the connecting box, a second transmission piece is arranged at the output end of the second driving device, and the second transmission piece is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft; the raking part is rotatably arranged on the supporting seat, the raking part and the plowing roller are positioned on two sides of the material storage box, and the elastic part is obliquely arranged on the supporting seat and connected with the raking part.
Preferably, the lifting device is an electric telescopic rod.
Preferably, the number of second gears is multiple and distributed in an annular array around the first gear.
Preferably, the storage box is provided with a feeding pipe, the feeding pipe is provided with a receiving hopper, and the receiving hopper is provided with a sealing cover.
Preferably, the first gear is vertically provided with a movable rod, and the movable rod is connected with the fixed box in a sliding manner.
Preferably, the movable rod is provided with a limiting block, the fixed box is correspondingly provided with an annular guide groove, and the limiting block is positioned in the annular guide groove and is in sliding connection with the fixed box.
Preferably, the device further comprises a transmission belt; the second transmission part is provided with a driving wheel, the rotating shaft is provided with a driven wheel, and the driving wheel and the driven wheel are connected in a transmission manner through a transmission belt.
Preferably, the soil turning teeth are longitudinally provided with a plurality of turns, and each turn of the soil turning teeth is distributed around the plowing roller in an annular array.
Preferably, the supporting seat is provided with a power device, and the power device acts on one group of the traveling wheels.
Preferably, the rake flat is a rake.
The technical scheme of the invention has the following beneficial technical effects:
the plowing roller is lowered through the lifting device, the second driving device enables the rotating shaft to rotate through the second transmission piece, the plowing roller is further enabled to rotate, the soil turning teeth rotate along with the rotating shaft, soil loosening operation is conducted, and subsequent fertilization is facilitated; the fertilizer in the storage box is sprayed into the soil through the fertilizer output pipe, and the harrowing part harrows the ground after the fertilizer is applied in the movement process of the device, so that the fertilizer application effect is good; the first driving device drives the first gear to rotate circumferentially in the horizontal direction through the first transmission piece, so that the first rotating piece rotates automatically, the stirring paddle rotates along with the first driving device and stirs the fertilizer, the fertilizer is stirred uniformly, and the fertilizing effect is improved; and because the cooperation of first gear and ring gear makes each second gear revolve round first gear when the rotation to drive each second and rotate, thereby stir fertilizer through each puddler, further improved stirring effect and stirring efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an automatic fertilizer applicator provided by the invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of a part of an automatic fertilizer applicator according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic connection diagram of a connection box, a support frame and a plowing roller in the automatic fertilizer applicator provided by the invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic connection diagram (bottom view) of the inner gear ring, the first gear and the second gear in the automatic fertilizer applicator of the present invention.
Reference numerals: 1. a supporting seat; 2. a traveling wheel; 3. a push rod; 4. a material storage box; 5. a fixed box; 6. a first driving device; 7. a first transmission member; 8. a first gear; 9. an inner gear ring; 10. a second gear; 11. an opening; 12. a first rotating member; 13. a second rotating member; 14. a stirring paddle; 15. a stirring rod; 16. a movable rod; 17. an annular guide groove; 18. a limiting block; 19. a fertilizer output pipe; 20. a lifting device; 21. a connecting box; 22. a fixing plate; 23. a support frame; 24. a second driving device; 25. a second transmission member; 26. a rotating shaft; 27. a transmission belt; 28. a plowing roller; 29. turning over the soil teeth; 30. harrowing the parts; 31. an elastic member.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings in conjunction with the following detailed description. It should be understood that the description is intended to be exemplary only, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Moreover, in the following description, descriptions of well-known structures and techniques are omitted so as to not unnecessarily obscure the concepts of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-4, the automatic fertilizer applicator provided by the present invention comprises a supporting base 1, a storage box 4, a fixed box 5, a first gear 8, an inner gear ring 9, a second gear 10, a first rotating member 12, a second rotating member 13, a fertilizer output pipe 19, a lifting device 20, a connecting box 21, a rotating shaft 26, a plowing roller 28, a raking member 30 and an elastic member 31;
a push rod 3 is arranged on the supporting seat 1, and walking wheels 2 are arranged on two sides of the bottom of the supporting seat; the storage box 4 is vertically arranged on the supporting seat 1, the fertilizer output pipe 19 is arranged on the storage box 4 and downwards penetrates through the supporting seat 1, and the fertilizer output pipe 19 is provided with a valve; the top opening 11 of the material storage box 4 and the inner gear ring 9 are arranged on the material storage box 4 and are positioned in the opening 11; the first gear 8 is horizontally arranged in the opening 11, the second gear 10 is horizontally arranged and positioned between the first gear 8 and the inner gear ring 9, the second gear 10 is meshed with the first gear 8, and the second gear 10 is meshed with the inner gear ring 9; the number of the second gears 10 is multiple groups and is distributed around the first gear 8 in an annular array; the fixed box 5 is arranged on the material storage box 4, the fixed box 5 is provided with a first driving device 6, the output end of the first driving device 6 is provided with a first transmission piece 7, and the first transmission piece 7 is connected with a first gear 8; the first rotating piece 12 is vertically arranged on the first gear 8 and extends downwards into the material storage box 4, the second rotating piece 13 is vertically arranged on the second gear 10 and extends downwards into the material storage box 4, the first rotating piece 12 is provided with a stirring blade 14, and the second rotating piece 13 is provided with a stirring rod 15;
a fixing plate 22 is horizontally arranged on the material storage box 4, the connecting box 21 is positioned below the fixing plate 22, and the lifting device 20 is vertically arranged on the fixing plate 22 and connected with the connecting box 21; the bottom of the connecting box 21 is provided with a support frame 23, and a rotating shaft 26 is longitudinally arranged and is rotationally connected with the support frame 23; the plowing roller 28 is arranged on the rotating shaft 26, and the plowing roller 28 is provided with soil turning teeth 29; a second driving device 24 is arranged in the connecting box 21, a second transmission piece 25 is arranged at the output end of the second driving device 24, and the second transmission piece 25 is in transmission connection with a rotating shaft 26; the raking part 30 is rotatably arranged on the supporting seat 1, the raking part 30 and the plowing roller 28 are positioned at two sides of the material storage box 4, and the elastic part 31 is obliquely arranged on the supporting seat 1 and is connected with the raking part 30; the digging teeth 29 are provided with a plurality of turns in the longitudinal direction, and each turn of the digging teeth 29 is distributed in an annular array around the plowing roll 28.
In an alternative embodiment, the lifting device 20 is an electric telescopic rod.
In an optional embodiment, the storage box 4 is provided with a feeding pipe, the feeding pipe is provided with a receiving hopper, and the receiving hopper is provided with a sealing cover, so that feeding and sealing are facilitated, and the use is facilitated.
In an alternative embodiment, the movable rod 16 is vertically arranged on the first gear 8, and the movable rod 16 is slidably connected with the fixed box 5; the movable rod 16 is provided with a limiting block 18, the fixed box 5 is correspondingly provided with an annular guide groove 17, and the limiting block 18 is positioned in the annular guide groove 17 and is connected with the fixed box 5 in a sliding manner. In operation, the movable rod 16 holds the first gear 8, and when the first transmission member 7 drives the first gear 8 to rotate, the limiting block 18 slides along the annular guide groove 17 to play a guiding role.
In an alternative embodiment, a belt 27 is also included; the second transmission member 25 is provided with a driving wheel, the rotating shaft 26 is provided with a driven wheel, and the driving wheel and the driven wheel are connected through a transmission belt 27. In operation, the second transmission member 25 drives the driving wheel to rotate, and further drives the driven wheel to rotate through the transmission belt 27, and finally drives the rotating shaft 26 to rotate circumferentially, so as to realize the plowing operation of the plowing roller 28.
In an optional embodiment, a power device is arranged on the supporting seat 1, and acts on one group of walking wheels 2 without a manual pushing device, so that the supporting seat is labor-saving and convenient and is beneficial to use.
In an alternative embodiment, the rake 30 is a rake.
In the present invention, in use, the elevation device 20 lowers the plowing roller 28, the second driving device 24 rotates the rotating shaft 26 through the second transmission member 25, and further rotates the plowing roller 28, and the turning teeth 29 rotate along with the rotation to loosen the soil, thereby facilitating the subsequent fertilization; the fertilizer in the storage box 4 is sprayed into the soil through the fertilizer output pipe 19, and the harrowing part 30 harrows the ground after the fertilizer is applied during the movement of the device, so that the fertilizer application effect is good; the first driving device 6 drives the first gear 8 to rotate circumferentially in the horizontal direction through the first transmission piece 7, so that the first rotating piece 12 rotates automatically, the stirring paddle 14 rotates along with the first driving device and stirs the fertilizer, the fertilizer is stirred uniformly, and the fertilizing effect is improved; and due to the cooperation of the first gear 8 and the inner gear ring 9, each second gear 10 revolves around the first gear 8 while rotating, so as to drive each second rotating member 13 to rotate, so that the fertilizer is stirred by each stirring rod 15, and the stirring effect and the stirring efficiency are further improved.
It is to be understood that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely illustrative of or explaining the principles of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting the invention. Therefore, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and the like made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention. Further, it is intended that the appended claims cover all such variations and modifications as fall within the scope and boundaries of the appended claims or the equivalents of such scope and boundaries.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic fertilizer applicator is characterized by comprising a supporting seat (1), a storage box (4), a fixed box (5), a first gear (8), an inner gear ring (9), a second gear (10), a first rotating piece (12), a second rotating piece (13), a fertilizer output pipe (19), a lifting device (20), a connecting box (21), a rotating shaft (26), a plowing roller (28), a raking piece (30) and an elastic piece (31);
a push rod (3) is arranged on the supporting seat (1), and walking wheels (2) are arranged on two sides of the bottom of the supporting seat; the storage box (4) is vertically arranged on the supporting seat (1), the fertilizer output pipe (19) is arranged on the storage box (4) and downwards penetrates through the supporting seat (1), and a valve is arranged on the fertilizer output pipe (19); the top of the material storage box (4) is provided with an opening (11), and the inner gear ring (9) is arranged on the material storage box (4) and is positioned in the opening (11); the first gear (8) is horizontally arranged in the opening (11), the second gear (10) is horizontally arranged and located between the first gear (8) and the inner gear ring (9), the second gear (10) is meshed with the first gear (8), and the second gear (10) is meshed with the inner gear ring (9); the fixed box (5) is arranged on the material storage box (4), the fixed box (5) is provided with a first driving device (6), the output end of the first driving device (6) is provided with a first transmission piece (7), and the first transmission piece (7) is connected with a first gear (8); the first rotating piece (12) is vertically arranged on the first gear (8) and extends downwards into the storage box (4), the second rotating piece (13) is vertically arranged on the second gear (10) and extends downwards into the storage box (4), the first rotating piece (12) is provided with a stirring blade (14), and the second rotating piece (13) is provided with a stirring rod (15);
a fixing plate (22) is horizontally arranged on the material storage box (4), the connecting box (21) is positioned below the fixing plate (22), and the lifting device (20) is vertically arranged on the fixing plate (22) and connected with the connecting box (21); the bottom of the connecting box (21) is provided with a support frame (23), and the rotating shaft (26) is longitudinally arranged and is rotationally connected with the support frame (23); the plowing roller (28) is arranged on the rotating shaft (26), and the plowing roller (28) is provided with soil turning teeth (29); a second driving device (24) is arranged in the connecting box (21), a second transmission piece (25) is arranged at the output end of the second driving device (24), and the second transmission piece (25) is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft (26); the raking part (30) is rotatably arranged on the supporting seat (1), the raking part (30) and the plowing roller (28) are positioned at two sides of the material storage box (4), and the elastic part (31) is obliquely arranged on the supporting seat (1) and is connected with the raking part (30).
2. An automatic fertilizer applicator, according to claim 1, characterized in that the lifting means (20) are electric telescopic rods.
3. An automatic fertilizer applicator, according to claim 1, characterized in that the second gears (10) are in a plurality of groups and are distributed in an annular array around the first gear (8).
4. The automatic fertilizer distributor as claimed in claim 1, wherein the storage box (4) is provided with a feeding pipe, the feeding pipe is provided with a receiving hopper, and the receiving hopper is provided with a sealing cover.
5. The automatic fertilizer applicator according to claim 1, characterized in that the first gear (8) is vertically provided with a movable rod (16), and the movable rod (16) is connected with the fixed box (5) in a sliding way.
6. The automatic fertilizer distributor as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the movable rod (16) is provided with a limiting block (18), the fixed box (5) is correspondingly provided with an annular guide groove (17), and the limiting block (18) is positioned in the annular guide groove (17) and is connected with the fixed box (5) in a sliding manner.
7. An automatic fertilizer applicator, according to claim 1, characterized in that it also comprises a conveyor belt (27); the second transmission piece (25) is provided with a driving wheel, the rotating shaft (26) is provided with a driven wheel, and the driving wheel and the driven wheel are connected through transmission of a transmission belt (27).
8. An automatic fertilizer applicator, as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the digging teeth (29) are provided with a plurality of turns in the longitudinal direction, and each turn of the digging teeth (29) is distributed in an annular array around the plowing roller (28).
9. An automatic fertilizer applicator as claimed in claim 1 wherein the support (1) is provided with power means acting on one set of road wheels (2).
10. An automatic fertilizer applicator, according to claim 1, characterized in that the raking member (30) is a rake.
CN202010689363.6A 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Automatic fertilizer applicator Pending CN111615877A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010689363.6A CN111615877A (en) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Automatic fertilizer applicator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010689363.6A CN111615877A (en) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Automatic fertilizer applicator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111615877A true CN111615877A (en) 2020-09-04

Family

ID=72267825

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010689363.6A Pending CN111615877A (en) 2020-07-17 2020-07-17 Automatic fertilizer applicator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN111615877A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112272983A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-29 西北大学 Equipment for repairing and improving soil ecology after soil and water disasters in mid-swimming areas of yellow river

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112272983A (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-01-29 西北大学 Equipment for repairing and improving soil ecology after soil and water disasters in mid-swimming areas of yellow river

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