CN111066595A - Method for constructing pubescent angelica root vegetable plantation - Google Patents

Method for constructing pubescent angelica root vegetable plantation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111066595A
CN111066595A CN202010066750.4A CN202010066750A CN111066595A CN 111066595 A CN111066595 A CN 111066595A CN 202010066750 A CN202010066750 A CN 202010066750A CN 111066595 A CN111066595 A CN 111066595A
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fertilizer
batch
planting
harvest
pubescent angelica
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阳桂平
杜忠
蒋紫艳
周海平
赵海茗
张敏
舒义家
陈江平
段青艳
刘艳
唐琴
黄力生
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Resource Forest Farm Of Resource County
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
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  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)
  • Pretreatment Of Seeds And Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for constructing a radix angelicae pubescentis vegetable plantation, and belongs to the technical field of radix angelicae pubescentis. The method for constructing the pubescent angelica vegetable plantation comprises the following steps: step 1: cultivating seedlings; step 2: planting seedlings; and step 3: fertilizing management after planting; and 4, step 4: pest control; and 5: covering treatment; step 6: 1, collecting and removing the cover of the first batch; and 7: fertilizing management after the 1 st batch of harvesting, harvesting the 2 nd batch of harvesting and branch pulling treatment; and 8: fertilizing management after the 2 nd batch of harvest and harvesting the 3 rd batch of harvest; and step 9: and (4) moving in a spacing way. By adopting the construction method, the harvesting time of the 1 st batch of pubescent angelica can be advanced, multiple batches of pubescent angelica can be promoted to germinate after harvesting, rapid fibrosis of the pubescent angelica can be prevented, the harvesting period of the 3 rd batch of pubescent angelica can be delayed by branch pulling treatment, cover removing and other methods, the yield of the pubescent angelica can be increased, and the pubescent angelica with excellent quality, high yield and competitive price can be produced in off season, so that the economic benefit is improved.

Description

Method for constructing pubescent angelica root vegetable plantation
Technical Field
The invention relates to a construction method of a pubescent angelica vegetable plantation, and belongs to the technical field of pubescent angelica.
Background
Radix Angelicae Pubescentis (Aralia cordia Thunb.) also called as edible native radix Angelicae sinensis is a plant used as both medicine and food, and is grown in the shade of forest or in hillside grass cluster at an altitude of 1300m-1600m, and is distributed in Japan. Du Huo is recorded in Shen nong Ben Cao Jing (Shen nong's herbal), listed as the first grade: the traditional Chinese medicine composition is mainly used for treating wind-cold attack, pain relief of incised wound, pain recovery from galloping, female sore slimming, weight loss after long-term taking and aging resistance. Radix Angelicae Pubescentis has effects of dispelling pathogenic wind, removing dampness, relieving pain, calming liver, calming endogenous wind, removing toxic substance, treating sore, tranquilizing mind, and stopping palpitation, and can be used for treating apoplexy, superficial infection, pyocutaneous disease, spasm, pruritus, palpitation, deficiency, conjunctival congestion, and swelling and pain.
In the past, the radix angelicae pubescentis mainly used for medicine, the harvesting amount is not large, and the number of wild radix angelicae pubescentis is enough. In recent years, with the improvement of living standard of common people, people pay more attention to the quality of life and also can select green vegetables which have fine, smooth, safe and pure mouthfeel. At present, tender stems and leaves of the wild pubescent angelica root also become a popular forest vegetable, and the wild pubescent angelica root is excessively harvested due to insufficient supply. High mountains with an altitude of 1300m or more are difficult to harvest and recover, and have great damage to biodiversity.
Wild radix Angelicae Pubescentis germinates in spring, and grows to 40-55 cm in height in about 4 months, which is the best harvesting period, and can be fried, dressed in sauce or pickled, such as dried bean curd fried with tender stem and leaf for invigorating qi, regulating the middle warmer, promoting fluid production, moistening dryness, and clearing away heat and toxic materials; for example, the chicken eggs fried by tender stems and leaves also have the effects of moistening lung, relieving sore throat, nourishing yin and the like. The pubescent angelica root dish has good taste, good quality and special fragrance, and is a slack season for the growth of other vegetables, so the pubescent angelica root dish is very popular.
The harvesting period of the wild pubescent angelica is from the middle and last ten days of 4 months to the last ten days of 5 months, and the tender stems of the wild pubescent angelica cultured in the full-sunlight mode in the periods or below the altitude of 1100m are quickly lignified, the fiber quantity is suddenly increased, the taste is poor, and the edible value is not high or the wild pubescent angelica cannot be eaten. The current situation severely restricts the development of the pubescent angelica root vegetable industry.
In view of this, it is necessary to develop and add a cultivation method for prolonging the harvesting period of pubescent angelica root and increasing the yield of pubescent angelica root, so as to solve the defects of the prior art.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a method for constructing a radix angelicae pubescentis vegetable plantation, aiming at the problems of short harvesting period, low yield, lack of artificial cultivation technology and the like of the existing fresh radix angelicae pubescentis. By adopting the construction method, the harvesting time of the 1 st batch of pubescent angelica can be advanced, multiple batches of pubescent angelica can be promoted to germinate after harvesting, rapid fibrosis of the pubescent angelica can be prevented, the harvesting period of the 3 rd batch of pubescent angelica can be delayed by branch pulling treatment, cover removing and other methods, the yield of the pubescent angelica can be increased, and the pubescent angelica with excellent quality, high yield and competitive price can be produced in off season, so that the economic benefit is improved.
The technical scheme for solving the technical problems is as follows: a method for constructing a radix angelicae pubescentis plantation comprises the following steps:
step 1: nursery stock cultivation
Step 1.1 seed treatment
Collecting excellent radix angelicae pubescentis seeds in the 1 st year, cleaning, drying in the shade, refrigerating to the 2 nd year and the 2 nd month, accelerating germination, and sowing when 20% -40% of the seeds are exposed to the white;
step 1.2 preparation and sowing of seedbed
Putting the substrate into a non-woven fabric bag, then placing the non-woven fabric bag on a seedbed, and sowing the seeds germinated in the step 1;
step 1.3 post-sowing management
Spreading soil to cover after sowing, spraying 1500 times of carbendazim liquid medicine on the surface, building a small arched shed and covering a film, spraying a germination fertilizer within 7d after germination, spraying a leaf fertilizer for 1 time every 7d later, spreading the leaf fertilizer in 5 months, covering a sunshade net on the film in 6-10 months, and weeding before each fertilization;
step 2: seedling planting
Step 2.1: plantation selection
Selecting a forest land with the altitude of 700-800 m and the canopy density of 0.2-0.5 as a plantation;
step 2.2: soil preparation and planting
Ploughing the soil of a plantation, applying an organic fertilizer, forming soil between water dripping lines at the outer edges of the crowns of two adjacent trees into planting beds, excavating planting holes, selecting big seedlings growing for more than 2 years, and planting in 2 months of the 4 th year;
and step 3: fertilization management after planting
Applying root fixing fertilizer within 7 days after the field planting and sprouting; applying fertilizer saving fertilizer within 15 days after applying root setting fertilizer; spreading leaf fertilizer within 15 days after the fertilizer saving is carried out;
and 4, step 4: pest control;
and 5: overlay treatment
Covering a planting bed with a covering material in 12 months per year to 2 months next year, and paving a mulching film on the covering material;
step 6: batch 1 harvest and de-mulch treatment
In 3 months of the 2 nd year after the big seedlings are fixedly planted in the step 2.2, when the sprouts are jacked to the mulching film, the mulching film is removed, more than 2 sprouts are selected, the length of the sprouts is 40cm-55cm, and plants with feather-shaped compound leaves which are just unfolded are harvested in the 1 st batch, 1 sprout is reserved for culturing a vegetative shoot for one time, and the harvested shoots retain the base and continue to grow; then removing the covering;
and 7: fertilization management after the 1 st batch of harvest, 2 nd batch of harvest and branch pulling treatment
Step 7.1: 1 st batch post harvest fertilization management
Applying a harvesting fertilizer within 7d after the 1 st batch of harvesting; applying fertilizer saving fertilizer within 15 days after applying the harvested fertilizer; spreading leaf fertilizer within 15 days after the fertilizer saving is carried out;
step 7.2: harvest in batch 2
When the length of the buds newly germinated on the base part reserved after the 1 st batch of harvesting in the step 6 is 35cm-40cm, carrying out the 2 nd batch of harvesting, and reserving 1 bud for culturing a secondary vegetative shoot for each plant;
step 7.3: branch pulling treatment
When the length of the secondary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 7.2 is more than 55cm, the pinnate compound leaves are completely unfolded, and in the middle and late ten days of 6 months, branch pulling treatment is carried out on the primary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 6 and the secondary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 7.2;
and 8: fertilization management after batch 2 harvest and batch 3 harvest
Step 8.1: fertilization management after batch No. 2 harvest
The method is carried out according to the step 7.1;
step 8.2: harvest of batch 3
When the length of the sprout germinated at the base part of the secondary vegetative shoot after branch pulling treatment in the step 7.3 is 35cm-40cm, carrying out batch 3 harvesting;
and step 9: moving between different places
And (3) carrying out interval transfer on the radix angelicae pubescentis in the plantation in 1 month-2 months from 3 rd year to 4 th year after the large seedlings are planted in the step 2.2.
The principle of the invention is introduced:
in the step 1.1 of the invention, seeds on a single plant of the radix angelicae pubescentis are collected generally and need to be stacked for 7d-9d, and the seeds are cleaned when the peels are softened, so that the peels are easy to rub.
In the step 2.1, a forest land with the altitude of 700-800 m and the canopy density of 0.2-0.5 is selected as a plantation, and compared with a naturally distributed forest land with the altitude of more than 1300m, the temperature is higher, so that the early germination of the terminal buds of the underground perennial roots is facilitated; and secondly, the canopy density is 0.2-0.5, and the canopy density is moderate, so that the seedlings can be planted in the planting furrows between adjacent tree crowns in a follow-up manner, weak illumination is formed, meanwhile, the water evaporation is slow, the formed microclimate can promote the longitudinal growth of the radix angelicae pubescentis plants, and the increase of fibers caused by high-temperature strong light is prevented. The canopy density is the degree of the canopy covering the ground in the forest, and is an index reflecting the stand density. According to the regulations of the food and agriculture organization of the United nations, the closed forest with more than 0.70 (containing 0.70) is compact forest, the closed forest with 0.20-0.69 is medium closed forest, and the forest with less than or equal to 0.1-0.20 (containing no 0.20) is sparse forest.
In step 2.2 of the invention, the seedling planting adopts seeds to cultivate big seedlings for more than 2 years, has no seedling revival stage, and is 2 years earlier than 1 year-old bare-rooted seedlings. Meanwhile, the nursery stock is cultivated automatically, so that the production cost can be reduced.
In step 5 of the method, wild radix angelicae pubescentis or artificially and conventionally planted radix angelicae pubescentis are collected in late middle and 4 months after the temperature rises. The invention can increase the ground temperature and promote the growth and development by covering the planting bed, and can carry out the 1 st batch of harvesting 20-29 days in advance. The cost is good, and the economic benefit of the grower is improved.
In step 6 of the invention, after the 1 st batch of pubescent angelica is harvested, the mulching film and the mulch are removed, so that the surface temperature can be reduced, the harvesting period of the 3 rd batch of pubescent angelica can be delayed, and the pubescent angelica can be prevented from developing adventitious roots in the mulch and influencing the recycling of the mulch.
In step 7.3 of the invention, when the length of the primary nutrient branches cultured in step 6 and the length of the secondary nutrient branches cultured in step 7.2 reach more than 55cm, the pinnate compound leaves are completely unfolded, and at the moment, the stems of the radix angelicae pubescentis are lignified, the fiber content is more, and the radix angelicae pubescentis is not easy to break. The branch pulling treatment is carried out in the middle and last ten days of 6 months, so that a large amount of adventitious buds at the root base can be promoted to germinate, the yield is improved, the harvesting period of 3 rd batch of pubescent angelica root is delayed, and the gap that the number of the pubescent angelica root is scarce after 7 months is filled. The branch pulling treatment method comprises the following steps: and (3) piling wood piles in 4 directions of the planting holes, straightening the primary nutrient branches and the secondary nutrient branches along 4 directions by using lines, wherein an included angle between every two adjacent wood piles is 90 degrees, and fixing the straightened primary nutrient branches and the secondary nutrient branches.
In step 9 of the invention, due to close planting and branch pulling, a large number of radix angelicae pubescentis adventitious roots and buds are covered on the planting bed in 3-4 years after the large seedlings are planted. The adventitious buds in unit area are too many, which causes the stems of the growing pubescent angelica root to be thin and weak, and the wild celery is needed to be transplanted at the moment. And carrying out intercropping by adopting a meristem propagation mode. Meristem propagation refers to separating the plant trophosome from the mother plant for planting separately and culturing into an independent new plant. Particularly, the method of weak moving, strong moving, dense moving and thin moving is used for interval moving, and the best method is to dig out the plant with long branch pulling time and grow adventitious roots. In order to ensure the later-period yield, 4-5 adventitious buds are reserved for each original plant. After the transplanting, the plant with the bud of which the upper half part is about 15cm long can be cultivated, a new plantation is cultivated, and the other parts can be processed into the traditional Chinese medicine 'Jiuyou pubescent angelica' for sale.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the invention adopts the seeds to cultivate the big seedlings for more than 2 years for field planting, has no seedling revival period, and leads the yield 2 years ahead of 1 year-old bare-rooted seedlings. Meanwhile, the nursery stock is cultivated automatically, so that the production cost can be reduced.
2. The invention can fix the nursery stock to the plantation with lower altitude, and cover the planting bed, to improve the ground temperature, promote the growth, and advance the harvest of 1 st batch by 20-29 days. The cost is good, and the economic benefit of the grower is improved.
3. The invention adopts branch pulling treatment, can promote the large amount of germination of adventitious buds at the root base and leaf axillae, improves the yield, can delay the harvesting period of 3 rd batch of pubescent angelica root by combining the removal of mulching films and coverings after 1 st batch of harvesting, and fills the gap of rare quantity of pubescent angelica root after 7 months.
On the basis of the technical scheme, the invention can be further improved as follows.
Further, in step 1.1, the excellent pubescent angelica root seeds are purple black pubescent angelica root seeds with plump seeds, which are harvested on a three-year disease-free healthy parent plant in the current year.
The adoption of the further beneficial effects is as follows: the radix angelicae pubescentis seeds adopting the parameters are more beneficial to the subsequent seed emergence rate and the excellent quality of the radix angelicae pubescentis in a plantation.
Further, in step 1.1, the drying in the shade means spreading and naturally drying in the shade and ventilation place until the water content is 8 wt% -10 wt%.
Further, in step 1.1, the temperature of the refrigeration is 5 ℃.
Further, in step 1.1, the germination accelerating method comprises the following steps: refrigerating at 5 deg.C for 12h, and storing at 25 deg.C for 12h, repeating the steps for 15d-20 d.
The adoption of the further beneficial effects is as follows: the pubescent angelica root seeds are subjected to temperature-changing stratification treatment to break dormancy more easily, the development process of embryo is accelerated, the activity of key enzymes of nutrient decomposition enzyme and respiratory metabolism pathway is increased, the hormone content and balance relation in the seeds are regulated and controlled, the dormancy breaking of the seeds is accelerated, and germination is promoted.
Further, in step 1.2, the matrix is prepared by the following method: respectively taking the following raw materials in percentage by mass: 75% of yellow loam surface soil under China fir woodland or broad-leaved woodland, 24% of edible fungus matrix leftovers and 1% of calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizer are uniformly mixed, and then the mixture is sterilized by 0.5% of potassium permanganate solution in percentage by mass and stacked for 15-20 days to obtain the fertilizer.
The adoption of the further beneficial effects is as follows: the yellow loam and edible fungus substrate leftovers in the forest contain a large amount of nutrients, and can be secondarily utilized to promote the growth and development of seedlings; and the materials are easy to obtain, the cost is low, and the environment-friendly reutilization of waste materials can be realized.
Furthermore, the grain diameter of the edible fungus matrix leftovers is 1mm-3 mm.
Further, in the step 1.3, the germination fertilizer is 5% of tung bran fertilizer solution by mass percent; the spread leaf fertilizer is urea solution with the mass percentage of 0.4%, the application times are 3 times, and the interval of each time is 6d-8 d.
The adoption of the further beneficial effects is as follows: the tung seed bran fertilizer liquid is prepared by soaking the by-product of tung oil tree (Vernicia fordii) seed after oil extraction for more than 30d, and then adding water to prepare water fertilizer with required concentration. The above tung bran can be purchased commercially, for example, from eastern grease factory in county of county, yang, of Zhuang nationality in Guangxi, with a nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium mass ratio of 6: 2: 2; or can be purchased from Shijiazhuangyuxin organic fertilizer Co., Ltd, and the mass ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus to potassium is 5: 2: 2.
further, in step 2.2, the organic fertilizer refers to one or more of decomposed sheep manure, decomposed cattle manure and decomposed chicken manure, and 4800kg-5200kg of the organic fertilizer is applied to each mu.
The adoption of the further beneficial effects is as follows: decomposed cattle manure, decomposed cattle manure and decomposed chicken manure are used as organic fertilizers, so that the growth of the radix angelicae pubescentis is facilitated.
Further, in the step 2.2, the width of the planting furrows is 0.8-1.2 m, the length of the planting furrows is 15-20 m, and shrubs with the width of 0.8-1.2 m are reserved between adjacent planting furrows or a sunshade net with the width of 0.8-1.2 m is built.
The adoption of the further beneficial effects is as follows: the shrubs are reserved between adjacent planting beds or the sunshade net is built, and the covering materials paved on the planting beds in advance are added, so that the illumination of the planting garden is reduced after the temperature rises for 6 months, the surface temperature of the planting garden is reduced, meanwhile, the moisture is not easy to evaporate, the stem fibrosis degree of the pubescent angelica root is low, the lignification is not easy, the taste is good, and the purpose of improving the quality of the pubescent angelica root is achieved.
Further, in step 2.2, the plant row spacing of the planting holes is (30-50) cm
(30-50) cm, and planting 2-4 plants in each planting hole.
The adoption of the further beneficial effects is as follows: 2-4 plants are planted in each hole, and the initial yield is improved. The harvest can be carried out in the 2 nd year of planting, each underground stem in the 2 nd year generally generates 2-4, the number of plants is large during planting, and the pubescent angelica root in the 2 nd year reaches the high-yield period. In 3-4 years, underground parts can be harvested and processed into the traditional Chinese medicine 'Jiuyou pubescent angelica', and the yield of the overground pubescent angelica can not be influenced.
Further, in the step 3, the root fixing fertilizer is 1kg of tung bran fertilizer liquid with the mass percentage of 10% applied to each hole; the joint-pulling fertilizer is 0.5kg of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid with the mass percentage of 0.5 percent applied in each hole; the spreading leaf fertilizer is 0.5kg of urea solution with the mass percentage of 0.4 percent applied in each hole.
The adoption of the further beneficial effects is as follows: the root setting fertilizer can promote the development of the transplanted seedlings. Tung bran, also called tung seed cake, is a "green" organic fertilizer containing nitrogen (2-7%), phosphorus (1-3%), potassium (1-2%) and various trace elements, and also contains a large amount of organic matter (75-80%), protein, residual oil and vitamins. The tung bran fertilizer is thick, has rich nutrition and is a high-quality organic fertilizer. The tung oil bran fertilizer liquid is a liquid fertilizer prepared by dissolving tung oil bran in water, and the mass percent of the liquid fertilizer is 5-10%. In the potassium sulfate compound fertilizer, the mass percentage of N, P and K is 15 percent.
Further, in the step 4, the pest control refers to controlling locusta fulvidraco by using 1200 times of matrine with the mass percentage of 1%.
The adoption of the further beneficial effects is as follows: the diseases and insect pests of the radix angelicae pubescentis in an artificial state are less, and the radix angelicae pubescentis is only locusted in the prior art. Matrine can be used for effectively controlling locusta fulvidraco.
Further, in step 5, the specific method for covering the covering on the ridge is as follows: shallow digging and hilling the planting bed, then uniformly covering weeds or straws on the surface soil of the planting bed, and placing organic fertilizer on the weeds or straws; and after soil is returned, covering the organic fertilizer with weeds or straws, watering, and covering any one of bamboo chaff, rice chaff or sawdust.
The adoption of the further beneficial effects is as follows: during the covering treatment, organic fertilizer is added to ensure that the radix angelicae pubescentis has sufficient nutrients and supplement base fertilizer. Meanwhile, the fertilizer content is increased, the harvesting period is long, and the average yield is increased by 29.2-43.3%.
Furthermore, the organic fertilizer is any one or more of decomposed sheep manure, decomposed cattle manure and decomposed chicken manure.
The further beneficial effects of the adoption are as follows: decomposed cattle manure, decomposed cattle manure and decomposed chicken manure are used as organic fertilizers, so that the growth of the radix angelicae pubescentis is facilitated.
Further, in step 7.1, the harvesting fertilizer is formed by mixing 10 mass percent of tung bran fertilizer liquid and 0.5 mass percent of potassium sulfate composite fertilizer liquid according to the mass ratio of 1:1, and 1kg of the fertilizer is applied to each hole; the joint-pulling fertilizer is 0.5kg of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid with the mass percentage of 0.5 percent applied in each hole; the spreading leaf fertilizer is 0.5kg of urea solution with the mass percentage of 0.4 percent applied in each hole.
Detailed Description
The principles and features of this invention are described below in conjunction with specific embodiments, which are set forth merely to illustrate the invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
Example 1:
the method for constructing the pubescent angelica root plantation comprises the following steps:
step 1: nursery stock cultivation
Step 1.1 seed treatment
And in 10 months in 2012, harvesting full purple black pubescent angelica root seeds in the current year on three-year disease-free healthy parent plants. After cleaning, spreading the mixture at a shady and cool ventilating place, and naturally airing the mixture until the water content is 8 wt%; refrigerating at 5 deg.C for 2 months in 2013, refrigerating at 5 deg.C for 12h, preserving at 25 deg.C for 12h, repeating for 15d-20d, performing germination accelerating, and sowing when 20% of seeds are exposed.
Step 1.2 preparation and sowing of seedbed
Respectively taking the following raw materials in percentage by mass: 75% of yellow loam surface soil under China fir woodland or broad-leaved forest land, 24% of edible fungus matrix leftovers and 1% of calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizer are uniformly mixed, and then the mixture is sterilized by potassium permanganate solution with the mass percent of 0.5%, and then the mixture is stacked for 15 days to obtain a matrix.
And (3) putting the substrate into a non-woven fabric bag, then placing the non-woven fabric bag on a seedbed, and sowing the seeds germinated in the step (1).
Step 1.3 post-sowing management
Spreading soil to cover after sowing, spraying 1500 times of carbendazim liquid medicine on the surface, building a small arch shed and covering a thin film, spraying 5% of tung bran liquid as a germination fertilizer within 7d after germination, and spraying 1 time every 7 d. In 5 months, urea solution with the mass percent of 0.4 percent is applied as a leaf spreading fertilizer for 3 times in total, and the interval is 6d each time. Covering a sunshade net on the film in 6-10 months, and weeding before fertilization.
Step 2: seedling planting
Step 2.1: plantation selection
Selecting a forest land with the altitude of 700-800 m and the canopy density of 0.2-0.5 as a plantation, and locating in the old mountain boundary branch of the resource forest farm of the resource county of Guangxi Guilin City.
Step 2.2: soil preparation and planting
Ploughing the soil of a plantation, applying decomposed sheep manure, applying 4800kg per mu, and forming soil between water dripping lines at the outer edges of the crowns of two adjacent trees into planting furrows, wherein the width of each planting furrow is 0.8-1.2 m, the length of each planting furrow is 15-20 m, and shrubs with the width of 0.8-1.2 m are reserved between the adjacent planting furrows. Digging planting holes, wherein the row spacing of the planting holes is 30cm multiplied by 30cm, selecting big seedlings growing for more than 2 years, planting in 2 months of 2015, and planting 2-4 plants in each planting hole.
And step 3: fertilization management after planting
And applying 1kg of tung tree bran fertilizer liquid with the mass percent of 10% as a root-fixing fertilizer in each hole within 7 days after the permanent planting and sprouting. 0.5kg of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid with the mass percent of 0.5 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the root setting fertilizer is applied as the fertilizer for pulling out and saving. 0.5kg of urea solution with the mass percent of 0.4 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the fertilizer saving is applied as the spread leaf fertilizer.
And 4, step 4: and (3) pest control, namely controlling the locusta fulvidraco by using 1200 times of matrine liquid with the mass percentage of 1%.
And 5: overlay treatment
Shallow-digging hilling is firstly carried out on the planting bed in 12 months to 2 months in the next year every year, weeds or straws are uniformly covered on the surface soil of the planting bed in 1 month in 2017, and organic fertilizers are put on the weeds or the straws; after soil is returned, the organic fertilizer is covered with weeds or straws, the organic fertilizer is watered, bamboo bran is covered, and then white mulching films are laid on the covering materials.
Step 6: batch 1 harvest and de-mulch treatment
In 3 months of 2017, when the sprouts come to the mulching film, removing the mulching film, selecting more than 2 sprouts, 40-55 cm long and newly unfolded pinnate compound leaves, harvesting in the 1 st batch, reserving 1 sprout of each plant for culturing a vegetative shoot, reserving a base part of the harvested branch and continuing to grow; the cover is then removed.
And 7: fertilization management after the 1 st batch of harvest, 2 nd batch of harvest and branch pulling treatment
Step 7.1: 1 st batch post harvest fertilization management
And applying a harvesting fertilizer within 7 days after the 1 st batch of harvesting, wherein the harvesting fertilizer is formed by mixing 10 mass percent of tung bran fertilizer liquid and 0.5 mass percent of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid according to the mass ratio of 1:1, and 1kg of the fertilizer is applied to each hole. 0.5kg of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid with the mass percent of 0.5 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the fertilizer is applied to the holes to serve as a pulling-out and node-saving fertilizer; 0.5kg of urea solution with the mass percent of 0.4 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the fertilizer saving is applied as the spread leaf fertilizer.
Step 7.2: harvest in batch 2
When the length of the buds newly germinated on the base part reserved after the 1 st batch of harvesting in the step 6 is 35cm-40cm, carrying out the 2 nd batch of harvesting in the middle ten days of 5 months, and reserving 1 bud for culturing secondary vegetative shoots in each plant;
step 7.3: branch pulling treatment
And (3) when the length of the secondary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 7.2 is more than 55cm, the pinnate compound leaves are completely unfolded, and in the middle and last ten days of 6 months, branch pulling treatment is carried out on the primary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 6 and the secondary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 7.2.
And 8: fertilization management after batch 2 harvest and batch 3 harvest
Step 8.1: fertilization management after batch No. 2 harvest
The procedure was as in step 7.1.
Step 8.2: harvest of batch 3
And (4) when the length of the new bud germinated at the base part of the secondary vegetative shoot subjected to branch pulling treatment in the step 7.3 is 35cm-40cm, carrying out batch 3 harvesting at the bottom of 7 months to the beginning of 9 months.
And step 9: moving between different places
In 2019, in 1 month, the radix angelicae pubescentis in the plantation is moved in intervals.
Example 2
The method for constructing the pubescent angelica root plantation comprises the following steps:
step 1: nursery stock cultivation
Step 1.1 seed treatment
And in 9 months in 2012, purple black pubescent angelica root seeds with full seeds in the current year are collected on three-year disease-free healthy parent plants. After cleaning, spreading the mixture at a shady and cool ventilating place, and naturally airing the mixture until the water content is 9 wt%; refrigerating at 5 deg.C to 2013, 2 months, refrigerating at 5 deg.C for 12h, preserving at 25 deg.C for 12h, repeating for 15d-20d, performing germination, and sowing when 30% of seeds are exposed.
Step 1.2 preparation and sowing of seedbed
Respectively taking the following raw materials in percentage by mass: 75% of yellow loam surface soil under China fir woodland or broad-leaved forest land, 24% of edible fungus matrix leftovers and 1% of calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizer are uniformly mixed, and then the mixture is sterilized by potassium permanganate solution with the mass percent of 0.5%, and then the mixture is stacked for 18 days to obtain a matrix.
And (3) putting the substrate into a non-woven fabric bag, then placing the non-woven fabric bag on a seedbed, and sowing the seeds germinated in the step (1).
Step 1.3 post-sowing management
Spreading soil to cover after sowing, spraying 1500 times of carbendazim liquid medicine on the surface, building a small arch shed and covering a thin film, spraying 5% of tung bran liquid as a germination fertilizer within 7d after germination, and spraying 1 time every 7 d. In 5 months, urea solution with the mass percent of 0.4 percent is applied as a leaf spreading fertilizer for 3 times, and the interval is 7d each time. Covering a sunshade net on the film in 6-10 months, and weeding before fertilization.
Step 2: seedling planting
Step 2.1: plantation selection
Selecting a forest land with the altitude of 700-800 m and the canopy density of 0.2-0.5 as a plantation, and locating in Rough Stone village in the county of Yuan counties of Guilin City, Guangxi.
Step 2.2: soil preparation and planting
And (2) ploughing the soil of the plantation, applying decomposed cattle manure and decomposed chicken manure, applying 5000kg of the manure per mu, and shaping the soil between water dripping lines at the outer edges of the crowns of two adjacent trees into planting furrows, wherein the width of each planting furrow is 0.8-1.2 m, the length of each planting furrow is 15-20 m, and shrubs with the width of 0.8-1.2 m are reserved between the adjacent planting furrows. Digging planting holes, wherein the row spacing of the planting holes is 40cm multiplied by 40cm, selecting big seedlings growing for more than 2 years, planting in 2 months of 2015, and planting 2-4 plants in each planting hole.
And step 3: fertilization management after planting
And applying 1kg of tung tree bran fertilizer liquid with the mass percent of 10% as a root-fixing fertilizer in each hole within 7 days after the permanent planting and sprouting. 0.5kg of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid with the mass percent of 0.5 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the root setting fertilizer is applied as the fertilizer for pulling out and saving. 0.5kg of urea solution with the mass percent of 0.4 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the fertilizer saving is applied as the spread leaf fertilizer.
And 4, step 4: and (3) pest control, namely controlling the locusta fulvidraco by using 1200 times of matrine liquid with the mass percentage of 1%.
And 5: overlay treatment
Shallow digging and hilling the planting bed at 2016 (12 months) to 2017 (1 month), uniformly covering weeds or straws on the surface soil of the planting bed, and putting organic fertilizer on the weeds or straws; after soil is returned, the organic fertilizer is covered with weeds or straws, the organic fertilizer is watered, bamboo chaff and rice chaff are covered, and then white mulching films are laid on the covering.
Step 6: batch 1 harvest and de-mulch treatment
In 3 months of 2017, when the sprouts come to the mulching film, removing the mulching film, selecting more than 2 sprouts, 40-55 cm long and newly unfolded pinnate compound leaves, harvesting in the 1 st batch, reserving 1 sprout of each plant for culturing a vegetative shoot, reserving a base part of the harvested branch and continuing to grow; the cover is then removed.
And 7: fertilization management after the 1 st batch of harvest, 2 nd batch of harvest and branch pulling treatment
Step 7.1: 1 st batch post harvest fertilization management
And applying a harvesting fertilizer within 7 days after the 1 st batch of harvesting, wherein the harvesting fertilizer is formed by mixing 10 mass percent of tung bran fertilizer liquid and 0.5 mass percent of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid according to the mass ratio of 1:1, and 1kg of the fertilizer is applied to each hole. 0.5kg of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid with the mass percent of 0.5 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the fertilizer is applied to the holes to serve as a pulling-out and node-saving fertilizer; 0.5kg of urea solution with the mass percent of 0.4 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the fertilizer saving is applied as the spread leaf fertilizer.
Step 7.2: harvest in batch 2
When the length of the sprouts newly germinated from the base, which remained after the harvest of the 1 st batch in step 6, was 35cm to 40cm, the harvest of the 2 nd batch was carried out in the middle of 5 months, and 1 sprout per plant was reserved for culturing secondary vegetative shoots.
Step 7.3: branch pulling treatment
And (3) when the length of the secondary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 7.2 is more than 55cm, the pinnate compound leaves are completely unfolded, and in the middle and last ten days of 6 months, branch pulling treatment is carried out on the primary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 6 and the secondary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 7.2.
And 8: fertilization management after batch 2 harvest and batch 3 harvest
Step 8.1: fertilization management after batch No. 2 harvest
The procedure was as in step 7.1.
Step 8.2: harvest of batch 3
And (4) when the length of the new bud germinated at the base part of the secondary vegetative shoot subjected to branch pulling treatment in the step 7.3 is 35cm-40cm, carrying out batch 3 harvesting.
And step 9: moving between different places
And (4) carrying out interval movement on the radix angelicae pubescentis in the plantation in 12 months-2 months in 2018.
Example 3
The method for constructing the pubescent angelica root plantation comprises the following steps:
step 1: nursery stock cultivation
Step 1.1 seed treatment
And in 10 months in 2012, harvesting full purple black pubescent angelica seeds in the current year on three-year disease-free healthy parent plants. After cleaning, spreading the mixture at a shady and cool ventilating place, and naturally airing the mixture until the water content is 10 wt%; refrigerating at 5 deg.C for 2 months in 2013, refrigerating at 5 deg.C for 12h, preserving at 25 deg.C for 12h, repeating for 15d-20d, performing germination, and sowing when 40% of seeds are exposed to white.
Step 1.2 preparation and sowing of seedbed
Respectively taking the following raw materials in percentage by mass: 75% of yellow loam surface soil under China fir woodland or broad-leaved forest land, 24% of edible fungus matrix leftovers and 1% of calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizer are uniformly mixed, and then the mixture is sterilized by potassium permanganate solution with the mass percent of 0.5%, and then the mixture is stacked for 20 days to obtain a matrix.
And (3) putting the substrate into a non-woven fabric bag, then placing the non-woven fabric bag on a seedbed, and sowing the seeds germinated in the step (1).
Step 1.3 post-sowing management
Spreading soil to cover after sowing, spraying 1500 times of carbendazim liquid medicine on the surface, building a small arch shed and covering a thin film, spraying 5% of tung bran liquid as a germination fertilizer within 7d after germination, and spraying 1 time every 7 d. In 5 months, urea solution with the mass percent of 0.4 percent is applied as a leaf spreading fertilizer for 3 times in total, and the interval is 8d each time. Covering a sunshade net on the film in 6-10 months, and weeding before fertilization.
Step 2: seedling planting
Step 2.1: plantation selection
Selecting a forest land with the altitude of 835m and the canopy density of 0.2-0.5 as a plantation, and locating in village of vehicle field and village of resource county of Guangxi Guilin City.
Step 2.2: soil preparation and planting
Ploughing the soil of a plantation, applying decomposed cattle manure and decomposed chicken manure, applying 5200kg of the manure per mu, and shaping the soil between water dripping lines at the outer edges of the crowns of two adjacent trees into planting furrows, wherein the width of each planting furrow is 0.8-1.2 m, the length of each planting furrow is 15-20 m, and a sunshade net with the width of 0.8-1.2 m is built between the adjacent planting furrows. Digging planting holes, wherein the row spacing of the planting holes is 50cm multiplied by 50cm, selecting big seedlings growing for more than 2 years, planting in 2 months of 2015, and planting 2-4 plants in each planting hole.
And step 3: fertilization management after planting
And applying 1kg of tung tree bran fertilizer liquid with the mass percent of 10% as a root-fixing fertilizer in each hole within 7 days after the permanent planting and sprouting. 0.5kg of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid with the mass percent of 0.5 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the root setting fertilizer is applied as the fertilizer for pulling out and saving. 0.5kg of urea solution with the mass percent of 0.4 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the fertilizer saving is applied as the spread leaf fertilizer.
And 4, step 4: and (3) pest control, namely controlling the locusta fulvidraco by using 1200 times of matrine liquid with the mass percentage of 1%.
And 5: overlay treatment
In 2017, in 2 months, shallow digging and hilling are firstly carried out on the planting bed, then weeds or straws are uniformly covered on the surface soil of the planting bed, and organic fertilizers are put on the weeds or the straws; after soil is returned, the organic fertilizer is covered with weeds or straws, the organic fertilizer is watered, rice chaff and sawdust are covered, and then white mulching films are paved on the covering.
Step 6: batch 1 harvest and de-mulch treatment
In 3 months of 2017, when the sprouts come to the mulching film, removing the mulching film, selecting more than 2 sprouts, 40-55 cm long and newly unfolded pinnate compound leaves, harvesting in the 1 st batch, reserving 1 sprout of each plant for culturing a vegetative shoot, reserving a base part of the harvested branch and continuing to grow; the cover is then removed.
And 7: fertilization management after the 1 st batch of harvest, 2 nd batch of harvest and branch pulling treatment
Step 7.1: 1 st batch post harvest fertilization management
And applying a harvesting fertilizer within 7 days after the 1 st batch of harvesting, wherein the harvesting fertilizer is formed by mixing 10 mass percent of tung bran fertilizer liquid and 0.5 mass percent of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid according to the mass ratio of 1:1, and 1kg of the fertilizer is applied to each hole. 0.5kg of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid with the mass percent of 0.5 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the fertilizer is applied to the holes to serve as a pulling-out and node-saving fertilizer; 0.5kg of urea solution with the mass percent of 0.4 percent is applied in each hole within 15 days after the fertilizer saving is applied as the spread leaf fertilizer.
Step 7.2: harvest in batch 2
When the length of the sprouts newly germinated from the base, which remained after the harvest of the 1 st batch in step 6, was 35cm to 40cm, the harvest of the 2 nd batch was carried out in the middle of 5 months, and 1 sprout per plant was reserved for culturing secondary vegetative shoots.
Step 7.3: branch pulling treatment
And (3) when the length of the secondary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 7.2 is more than 55cm, the pinnate compound leaves are completely unfolded, and in the middle and last ten days of 6 months, branch pulling treatment is carried out on the primary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 6 and the secondary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 7.2.
And 8: fertilization management after batch 2 harvest and batch 3 harvest
Step 8.1: fertilization management after batch No. 2 harvest
The procedure was as in step 7.1.
Step 8.2: harvest of batch 3
And (4) when the length of the new bud germinated at the base part of the secondary vegetative shoot subjected to branch pulling treatment in the step 7.3 is 35cm-40cm, carrying out batch 3 harvesting.
And step 9: moving between different places
In 2019, 1 month, the wild celery in the plantation is intercropped by adopting a meristem propagation method.
Comparative example 1
Unlike example 1, this comparative example did not have the mulching treatment of step 5, and accordingly, did not have the operations of removing the mulching film and removing the mulch of step 6, and the rest was the same. In example 1 and comparative example, 3 test points were set, and 4500 seedlings were established at each test point.
The harvesting times and the yield of the pubescent angelica root were counted by the methods of example 1 and comparative example 1, respectively, and the results are shown in table 1.
TABLE 1 results of number of harvesting and yield of pubescent angelica root using the methods of example 1 and comparative example 1
Processing method Method of example 1 Comparative example 1 method
Time of germination 2 month and 14 days 3 month and 4 days
Time to harvest batch 1 3 month and 28 days 4 month and 18 days
Time to harvest batch 2 5 months and 3 days 5 months and 17 days
Time of batch 3 harvest 7 month and 25 days
Average plant yield (kg) of test Point 1 1.51 1.18
Average plant yield (kg) of test point 2 1.59 0.95
Average plant yield (kg) of test point 3 1.63 1.31
Total up to 4.73 3.44
As can be seen from Table 1, using the method of example 1, the 1 st batch of pubescent angelica can germinate 18 days earlier and be harvested 20 days earlier than the method of comparative example 1. After the 1 st harvest, at least 2 shoots sprout at the base of each branch, and a base stone is laid for the 2 nd harvest. The branch pulling treatment is carried out at the bottom of 6 months, so that the harvesting amount of the 3 rd batch is increased, the harvesting time of the 3 rd batch is long, enough vegetative branches are also available, and the yield of the next year is ensured. By adopting the method of example 1, 3 batches can be harvested in total, and the yield is increased by 37.5%. In contrast, the method of comparative example 1 was able to harvest only 2 times and the yield was low.
Comparative example 2
Unlike example 2, this comparative example did not have the mulching treatment of step 5, and accordingly, did not have the mulching film removal and mulching removal operations of step 6, and was identical. In example 2 and comparative example, 3 test points were set, and 4500 seedlings were established at each test point.
The harvesting times and the yield of the pubescent angelica root were counted by the methods of example 2 and comparative example 2, respectively, and the results are shown in table 2.
TABLE 2 results of number of harvesting and yield of pubescent angelica root using the methods of example 2 and comparative example 2
Processing method Method of example 2 Comparative example 2 method
Time of germination 2 month and 15 days 3 month and 8 days
Time to harvest batch 1 3 month and 29 days 4 month and 21 days
Time to harvest batch 2 5 months and 4 days 5 months and 19 days
Time of batch 3 harvest 7 month and 20 days
Average plant yield (kg) of test Point 1 1.44 1.15
Average plant yield (kg) of test point 2 1.55 0.91
Average plant yield (kg) of test point 3 1.53 1.09
Total up to 4.52 3.15
As can be seen from Table 2, the method of example 2 allows the 1 st group of pubescent angelica to germinate 21 days earlier and to harvest 22 days earlier than the method of comparative example 2. After the 1 st harvest, at least 2 shoots sprout at the base of each branch, and a base stone is laid for the 2 nd harvest. The branch pulling treatment is carried out at the bottom of 6 months, so that the harvesting amount of the 3 rd batch is increased, the harvesting time of the 3 rd batch is long, enough vegetative branches are also available, and the yield of the next year is ensured. By adopting the method of example 2, 3 batches can be harvested in total, and the yield is increased by 43.4%. With the method of comparative example 2, only 2 harvests were possible and the yield was low.
Comparative example 3
Unlike example 3, in step 2.1 of this comparative example 3, the plantation was selected at an elevation of 1310m, and the rest was the same. In example 3 and comparative example, 3 test points were set, and 4500 seedlings were established at each test point.
The harvesting times and the yield of the pubescent angelica root were counted by the methods of example 3 and comparative example 3, respectively, and the results are shown in table 3.
TABLE 3 number of harvesting and yield results for pubescent angelica using the methods of example 3 and comparative example 3
Processing method Method of example 3 Comparative example 3 method
Time of germination 2 month and 15 days 3 month and 14 days
Time to harvest batch 1 3 month and 29 days 4 month and 28 days
Time to harvest batch 2 5 months and 5 days 5 months and 30 days
Time of batch 3 harvest 7 month and 22 days 8 month and 2 days
Average plant yield (kg) of test Point 1 1.34 1.21
Average plant yield (kg) of test point 2 1.52 1.13
Average plant yield (kg) of test point 3 1.43 0.98
Total up to 4.29 3.32
As can be seen from Table 3, using the method of example 3, the 1 st group of pubescent angelica can germinate 27 days earlier and be harvested 29 days earlier than the method of comparative example 3. After the 1 st harvest, at least 2 shoots sprout at the base of each branch, and a base stone is laid for the 2 nd harvest. The branch pulling treatment is carried out at the bottom of 6 months, so that the harvesting amount of the 3 rd batch is increased, the harvesting time of the 3 rd batch is long, enough vegetative branches are also available, and the yield of the next year is ensured. By adopting the method of example 3, 3 batches can be harvested in total, and the yield is increased by 29.2%. By contrast, the method of comparative example 3, which enables 3-time harvesting, had a low yield.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (10)

1. A method for constructing a radix angelicae pubescentis plantation is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step 1: nursery stock cultivation
Step 1.1 seed treatment
Collecting excellent radix angelicae pubescentis seeds in the 1 st year, cleaning, drying in the shade, refrigerating to the 2 nd year and the 2 nd month, accelerating germination, and sowing when 20% -40% of the seeds are exposed to the white;
step 1.2 preparation and sowing of seedbed
Putting the substrate into a non-woven fabric bag, then placing the non-woven fabric bag on a seedbed, and sowing the seeds germinated in the step 1;
step 1.3 post-sowing management
Spreading soil to cover after sowing, spraying 1500 times of carbendazim liquid medicine on the surface, building a small arched shed and covering a film, spraying a germination fertilizer within 7d after germination, spraying a leaf fertilizer for 1 time every 7d later, spreading the leaf fertilizer in 5 months, covering a sunshade net on the film in 6-10 months, and weeding before each fertilization;
step 2: seedling planting
Step 2.1: plantation selection
Selecting a forest land with the altitude of 700-800 m and the canopy density of 0.2-0.5 as a plantation;
step 2.2: soil preparation and planting
Ploughing the soil of a plantation, applying an organic fertilizer, forming soil between water dripping lines at the outer edges of the crowns of two adjacent trees into planting beds, excavating planting holes, selecting big seedlings growing for more than 2 years, and planting in 2 months of the 4 th year;
and step 3: fertilization management after planting
Applying root fixing fertilizer within 7 days after the field planting and sprouting; applying fertilizer saving fertilizer within 15 days after applying root setting fertilizer; spreading leaf fertilizer within 15 days after the fertilizer saving is carried out;
and 4, step 4: pest control;
and 5: overlay treatment
Covering a planting bed with a covering material in 12 months per year to 2 months next year, and paving a mulching film on the covering material;
step 6: batch 1 harvest and de-mulch treatment
In 3 months of the 2 nd year after the big seedlings are fixedly planted in the step 2.2, when the sprouts are jacked to the mulching film, the mulching film is removed, more than 2 sprouts are selected, the length of the sprouts is 40cm-55cm, and plants with feather-shaped compound leaves which are just unfolded are harvested in the 1 st batch, 1 sprout is reserved for culturing a vegetative shoot for one time, and the harvested shoots retain the base and continue to grow; then removing the covering;
and 7: fertilization management after the 1 st batch of harvest, 2 nd batch of harvest and branch pulling treatment
Step 7.1: 1 st batch post harvest fertilization management
Applying a harvesting fertilizer within 7d after the 1 st batch of harvesting; applying fertilizer saving fertilizer within 15 days after applying the harvested fertilizer; spreading leaf fertilizer within 15 days after the fertilizer saving is carried out;
step 7.2: harvest in batch 2
When the length of the buds newly germinated on the base part reserved after the 1 st batch of harvesting in the step 6 is 35cm-40cm, carrying out the 2 nd batch of harvesting, and reserving 1 bud for culturing a secondary vegetative shoot for each plant;
step 7.3: branch pulling treatment
When the length of the secondary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 7.2 is more than 55cm, the pinnate compound leaves are completely unfolded, and in the middle and late ten days of 6 months, branch pulling treatment is carried out on the primary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 6 and the secondary vegetative shoots cultured in the step 7.2;
and 8: fertilization management after batch 2 harvest and batch 3 harvest
Step 8.1: fertilization management after batch No. 2 harvest
The method is carried out according to the step 7.1;
step 8.2: harvest of batch 3
When the length of the sprout germinated at the base part of the secondary vegetative shoot after branch pulling treatment in the step 7.3 is 35cm-40cm, carrying out batch 3 harvesting;
and step 9: moving between different places
And (3) carrying out interval transfer on the radix angelicae pubescentis in the plantation in 1 month-2 months from 3 rd year to 4 th year after the large seedlings are planted in the step 2.2.
2. The method for constructing a pubescent angelica root plantation according to claim 1, wherein in step 1.1, the excellent pubescent angelica root seeds are purple black pubescent angelica root seeds with full seeds in the same year on three-year disease-free healthy parent plants; the drying in the shade refers to spreading the mixture at a cool and ventilated place and naturally drying the mixture until the water content is 8 to 10 weight percent; the refrigeration temperature is 5 ℃.
3. The method for constructing the pubescent angelica root plantation according to claim 1, wherein in step 1.1, the germination accelerating method comprises the following steps: refrigerating at 5 deg.C for 12h, and storing at 25 deg.C for 12h, repeating the steps for 15d-20 d.
4. The method for constructing a pubescent angelica root plantation according to claim 1, wherein in step 1.2, the substrate is prepared by the following method: respectively taking the following raw materials in percentage by mass: 75% of yellow loam surface soil under China fir woodland or broad-leaved woodland, 24% of edible fungus matrix leftovers and 1% of calcium magnesium phosphate fertilizer are uniformly mixed, and then the mixture is sterilized by 0.5% of potassium permanganate solution in percentage by mass and stacked for 15-20 days to obtain the fertilizer.
5. The method for constructing a pubescent angelica root plantation according to claim 1, wherein in step 1.3, the germination fertilizer is 5% by mass of tung bran fertilizer solution; the spread leaf fertilizer is urea solution with the mass percentage of 0.4%, the application times are 3 times, and the interval of each time is 6d-8 d.
6. The method for constructing the pubescent angelica root vegetable plantation according to claim 1, wherein in the step 2.2, the organic fertilizer refers to any one or more of decomposed sheep manure, decomposed cattle manure and decomposed chicken manure, and is applied in an amount of 4800kg-5200kg per mu; the width of each planting ridge is 0.8-1.2 m, the length of each planting ridge is 15-20 m, shrubs with the width of 0.8-1.2 m are reserved between adjacent planting ridges, or a sunshade net with the width of 0.8-1.2 m is built; the row spacing of the planting holes is (30-50) cm x (30-50) cm, and 2-4 plants are planted in each planting hole.
7. The method for constructing a pubescent angelica root plantation according to claim 1, wherein in the step 3, the root fixing fertilizer is 1kg of tung bran fertilizer solution which is applied in a mass percentage of 10% per hole; the joint-pulling fertilizer is 0.5kg of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid with the mass percentage of 0.5 percent applied in each hole; the spreading leaf fertilizer is 0.5kg of urea solution with the mass percentage of 0.4 percent applied in each hole.
8. The method for constructing a pubescent angelica root plantation according to claim 1, wherein in the step 4, the pest control refers to the prevention and treatment of locusta fulvidraco by using 1% by mass of matrine 1200 times liquid.
9. The method for constructing the pubescent angelica root plantation according to claim 1, wherein in the step 5, the specific method for covering the covering on the planting furrows is as follows: shallow digging and hilling the planting bed, then uniformly covering weeds or straws on the surface soil of the planting bed, and placing organic fertilizer on the weeds or straws; and after soil is returned, covering the organic fertilizer with weeds or straws, watering, and covering any one or more of bamboo chaff, rice chaff and sawdust.
10. The method for constructing a pubescent angelica root plantation according to any one of claims 1-9, wherein in step 7.1, the harvest fertilizer is prepared by mixing 10% by mass of tung oil bran fertilizer solution and 0.5% by mass of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer solution in a mass ratio of 1:1, and applying 1kg of the harvest fertilizer per hole; the joint-pulling fertilizer is 0.5kg of potassium sulfate compound fertilizer liquid with the mass percentage of 0.5 percent applied in each hole; the spreading leaf fertilizer is 0.5kg of urea solution with the mass percentage of 0.4 percent applied in each hole.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114128576A (en) * 2021-11-10 2022-03-04 资源县资源林场 Annual supply method of edible native angelica

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114128576A (en) * 2021-11-10 2022-03-04 资源县资源林场 Annual supply method of edible native angelica

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Application publication date: 20200428

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