CN110326434A - A kind of straw field pickup is crushed baler and its binding mechanism - Google Patents

A kind of straw field pickup is crushed baler and its binding mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110326434A
CN110326434A CN201910776649.5A CN201910776649A CN110326434A CN 110326434 A CN110326434 A CN 110326434A CN 201910776649 A CN201910776649 A CN 201910776649A CN 110326434 A CN110326434 A CN 110326434A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
baler
crushed
pickup
straw
discharge port
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Pending
Application number
CN201910776649.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王贯
Original Assignee
王贯
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Priority to CN201910776649.5A priority Critical patent/CN110326434A/en
Publication of CN110326434A publication Critical patent/CN110326434A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D89/00Pick-ups for loaders, chaff-cutters, balers, field-threshers, or the like, i.e. attachments for picking-up hay or the like field crops
    • A01D89/001Pick-up systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F15/00Baling presses for straw, hay or the like
    • A01F15/07Rotobalers, i.e. machines for forming cylindrical bales by winding and pressing
    • A01F15/071Wrapping devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F15/00Baling presses for straw, hay or the like
    • A01F15/08Details
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F15/00Baling presses for straw, hay or the like
    • A01F15/08Details
    • A01F15/0841Drives for balers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/005Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like for disintegrating and cutting up bales of hay, straw or fodder
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of straw field pickups to be crushed baler and its binding mechanism, solves stalk material and needs the technical problem that artificial bagging is packaged, production efficiency is low;A kind of binding mechanism, including hydraulic motor, rotation roulette and it is packaged roller, rotation roulette is fixed on the discharge port periphery of baler, and it using discharge port is axle center in its plane internal rotation that hydraulic motor, which can drive rotation roulette,;It is packaged roller to be fixed on rotation roulette and be arranged towards discharge port side, and is packaged on roller and is wound with bundle materials and parts, packing roller, which can discharge bundle materials and parts during rotating with rotation roulette and wind material, to be wrapped up;Additionally providing a kind of straw field pickup and being crushed baler includes above-mentioned binding mechanism and feeding pressure mechanism;Using two-way main oily steel in the feeding pressure mechanism of above-mentioned baler, both ends can discharge, and rotate in discharge port added with hydraulic motor band runner disc, the finished product packet got is wrapped with packing roller bundle net, severing, disconnection gets packet and falls execution on the ground, is not necessarily to artificial bagging, improves work efficiency.

Description

A kind of straw field pickup is crushed baler and its binding mechanism
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural baling press technical fields, are crushed baler and its bundling more particularly, to a kind of straw field pickup Mechanism.
Background technique
The straw field pickup of existing product is crushed square bale baler currently on the market, is used as power by tractor traction, hammers pawl into shape Formula recycling machine gets up to be crushed and be sent to discharge chambe material collection, and by single direction stroke oil steel travel compression material, pusher steel is pushed away The material compressed out breaks into packaged straw feed by producing a packet after artificial bagging.
Applicants have discovered that at least there is following technical problem in the prior art:
1, the baler production efficiency of existing market is low, after the completion of picking up crusher machine, binder storehouse binder, needs artificial bagging It is packaged, cuts, dangerous and production efficiency is low, at high cost.
2, in the discharge chambe of original binder storehouse, the power of compressed material is mainly compressed and is pushed by unidirectional oil cylinder pusher Discharge port, binder efficiency are lower.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of straw field pickups to be crushed baler and its binding mechanism, to solve the prior art Present in be crushed compressed material need artificial bagging to be packaged, the low technical problem of production efficiency;It is provided by the invention all Many technical effects elaboration as detailed below that optimal technical scheme in more technical solutions can be generated.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical schemes:
A kind of straw field pickup provided by the invention be crushed baler binding mechanism, including hydraulic motor, rotation roulette and It is packaged roller, in which:
The rotation roulette be fixed on baler discharge port periphery, the hydraulic motor can drive the rotation roulette with Discharge port is axle center in its plane internal rotation;
The packing roller is fixed on the rotation roulette and is arranged towards the discharge port side, and on the packing roller Bundle materials and parts are wound with, the packing roller can discharge the bundle materials and parts during rotating with the rotation roulette and twine material Around package.
Preferably, gear is fixed on the output shaft of the hydraulic motor, the periphery of the rotation roulette is provided with and institute The gear ring that gear is meshed is stated, the hydraulic motor can drive the rotation roulette using the discharge port as axis by the gear Heart rotation.
Preferably, the discharge outlet is additionally provided with cutting mechanism, and the cutting mechanism includes telescopic oil cylinder and cutting cutter, The telescopic oil cylinder is between the rotation roulette and the discharge port, and the cutting cutter is fixed on the telescopic oil cylinder Plunger end, the flexible of the telescopic oil cylinder can push the cutting cutter movement by the bundle materials and parts severing.
Preferably, the telescopic oil cylinder is arranged in parallel with the packing roller.
The present invention also provides a kind of straw field pickups to be crushed baler, including baler body, collecting machine and feeding warehouse, institute It states collecting machine to be set on the baler body for picking up, be crushed stalk, the collecting machine is connected with the feeding warehouse; It further include feeding pressure mechanism and above-mentioned binding mechanism, the feeding pressure mechanism is located in the feeding warehouse for compressed material and by material It is pushed into discharge port packing.
Preferably, the quantity of the feeding warehouse is two, and including preceding feeding warehouse and laggard feed bin, the preceding feeding warehouse and It is connected between laggard feed bin by discharge chambe.
Preferably, the feeding pressure mechanism includes: a two-way master cylinder, is located in the discharge chambe;First unidirectional oil Cylinder and the second unidirectional oil cylinder, are located in the preceding feeding warehouse and the laggard feed bin;It is two-way before and after the two-way master cylinder Movement is by material compression and pushes in the preceding feeding warehouse and the laggard feed bin, the first unidirectional oil cylinder and the second unidirectional oil cylinder The material entered in the preceding feeding warehouse or the laggard feed bin is pushed out to discharge port respectively.
Preferably, the collecting machine includes collecting machine body, transmission mechanism and mechanism of tossing, in which:
The collecting machine body includes picking up stationary knife, kneading mechanism, stirring cage and separating twice room, wherein the pickup stationary knife It is fixed in body fuselage, the kneading mechanism communicates with the stirring cage and the stalk of primary crushing is sent to the stirring cage Interior, the separating twice room is respectively arranged at the stirring cage two sides;
It is provided with stirring cage axis in the stirring cage, is provided with spiral about central symmetry and oppositely oriented on the stirring cage axis Shape blade, the transmission mechanism and the pickup kneading mechanism and the stirring cage axis are driven by belt, the spiral vane Rotation stalk can be transmitted separately in the separating twice room of two sides;
The mechanism of tossing is communicated with the separating twice room, and mechanism of tossing described in smashed stalk warp is transported to bundling In machine feeding warehouse.
Preferably, the stirring cage axis extends in the separating twice room, and is provided in two separating twice rooms Moving knife is crushed, the crushing moving knife is fixed on the stirring cage axis and rotates with the rotation of stirring cage axis.
Preferably, the kneading mechanism includes that hammer pawl axis and multiple hammer pawls, multiple hammer pawls are fixed on the hammer pawl axis On, the transmission mechanism and the hammer pawl axis are driven by belt, and the rotation of the hammer pawl axis can drive the hammer pawl to rotate.
A kind of straw field pickup provided by the invention is crushed baler and its binding mechanism, compared with prior art, has such as Down the utility model has the advantages that above-mentioned binding mechanism is set to the discharge outlet of baler, added with hydraulic motor band at original artificial bagging Dynamic rotation roulette rotation, is rotated by being packaged roller with rotation roulette, can the finished product packet bundle materials and parts winding package that got is complete At severing after package, the packet got falls execution on the ground, can be realized automatic bag sheathing, improves packaging efficiency, not employment Work is packaged dress, and production and processing is safer, reduces cost of labor.
Using two-way main oily steel in the feeding pressure mechanism of above-mentioned baler, both ends can discharge, add at the place of original artificial bagging There is hydraulic motor band runner disc to rotate, the finished product packet got be packaged roller bundle net be wrapped with, cutting mechanism cutting, disconnect and getting Packet falls execution on the ground, solves the problems, such as to need artificial automatic bag sheathing, inefficiency, realizes automatic job, improve Working efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structure structural schematic diagram of binding mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the structure cooperation of binding mechanism and cutting mechanism;
Fig. 3 is the whole right side structure schematic diagram that straw field pickup is crushed baler;
Fig. 4 is the whole left side structure schematic diagram that straw field pickup is crushed baler;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of feeding pressure mechanism;
Fig. 6 is the overall structure diagram of collecting machine;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of collecting machine body;
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of dual spindle transmission in transmission mechanism;
The structural schematic diagram of Fig. 9 transmission mechanism and hammer pawl axis, stirring cage axis;
101- hydraulic motor in figure;102- rotation roulette;103- is packaged roller;104- ties net;105- gear;The flexible oil of 106- Cylinder;107- cutting cutter;The two-way master cylinder of 201-;The unidirectional oil cylinder of 202- first;The unidirectional oil cylinder of 203- second;Feeding warehouse before 31-; The laggard feed bin of 32-;4- discharge port;5- operating room;6- hitch frame;7- belt;8- collecting machine;
81- tosses cylinder;82- blower;Belt tensioning mechanism on the left of 83-;84- collecting machine shell;841- picks up stationary knife;842- Hammer pawl axis into shape;8421- hammers pawl axis wheel for inputting into shape;843- stirring cage axis;8431- stirring cage axis wheel for inputting;844- hammers pawl into shape;845- separating twice Room;846- crushes moving knife;847- fan blade;848- wearing plate;
The anti-stone backplate of 85-;Check apron before 86-;Belt tensioning mechanism on the right side of 87-;88- belt guard;
9- gearbox;91- transmission shaft;92- power output wheel.
Specific embodiment
To make the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, technical solution of the present invention will be carried out below Detailed description.Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Base Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained all without making creative work Other embodiment belongs to the range that the present invention is protected.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " center ", " length ", " width ", " height ", "upper", The orientation of instructions such as "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside", " side " or Positional relationship is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, without It is that the equipment of indication or suggestion meaning or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore not It can be interpreted as limitation of the present invention.In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise indicated, the meaning of " plurality " is two or two More than.
Referring to Fig.1 shown in-Fig. 2, Fig. 1 is the structure structural schematic diagram of binding mechanism of the present invention;Fig. 2 is binding mechanism and sanction The structural schematic diagram of the structure cooperation of breaking mechanism;
The present invention provides the binding mechanisms that a kind of straw field pickup is crushed baler, are used for the discharging of baler feeding warehouse At mouthful, the stalk material compressed is packaged;
Embodiment:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, above-mentioned binding mechanism include hydraulic motor 101, rotation roulette 102 and be packaged roller 103, In: rotation roulette 102 is fixed on the periphery of discharge port 4 of baler feeding warehouse, hydraulic motor 101 can drive rotation roulette 102 with Discharge port 4 is axle center in its plane internal rotation;Wherein, the plane where rotation roulette 102 is referred in above-mentioned plane, namely is hung down Directly in the plane of 4 extending direction of discharge port;Ring structure can be used in rotation roulette 102, in order to realize that it can be in discharge port 4 Rotation roulette 102 can be fixed on 4 periphery of discharge port by structures such as bearings by periphery rotation.
Be packaged roller 103 be fixed on rotation roulette 102 and towards 4 side of discharge port be arranged, can by welding or screw, Bolt or the form for being threadedly coupled connection are fixed on the side wall of rotation roulette 102, and preferred, are packaged the length of roller 103 not Less than the length of discharge port, in order to be able to all package materials.
And be packaged on roller 103 and be wound with bundle materials and parts, being packaged roller 103 can discharge during rotating with rotation roulette 102 It ties materials and parts and winds material and wrap up.
It is fixed on rotation roulette 102, therefore can turn with rotation roulette 102 is synchronous it should be understood that being packaged roller 103 It is dynamic;The conventional arrangement that material can be packaged by materials and parts for bundle net 104, bundle rope etc. is tied, it is not limited here.Tie the starting of materials and parts End is fixed at discharge port 4, and when being packaged roller 103 around the rotation of discharge port 4, bundle materials and parts constantly discharge and are wrapped in the straw compressed In bundle shape on stalk material.As shown in Fig. 2, the baling presses side wall where bundle net 104, discharge port 4 is capable of forming during bundling To be packaged roller 103 as the triangle configuration on vertex, and with the continuous rotation for being packaged roller 103, vertex constantly changes, and completes bundle net and exists Winding package on stalk material.
Above-mentioned binding mechanism is set at the discharge port 4 of baler, added with 101 band of hydraulic motor at original artificial bagging Dynamic rotation roulette 102 rotates, and is rotated, the finished product packet got can be twined with bundle materials and parts with rotation roulette 102 by being packaged roller 103 Around package, severing after package is completed, the packet got falls execution on the ground, can be realized automatic bag sheathing, improves packing effect Rate does not have to hand press-packing and fills, and production and processing is safer, reduces cost of labor.
In order to realize the rotation of rotation roulette 102, optionally embodiment, shown referring to Figures 1 and 2, hydraulic horse Gear 105, the periphery setting rack gear of rotation roulette 102 are fixed on up to 101 output shaft, gear ring is engaged with gear 105, liquid Pressure motor 101 can drive rotation roulette 102 with discharge port 4 for axle center rotation by gear 105.The output wheel of hydraulic motor 101 With rotation roulette 102 by 105 engaged transmission of gear, the periphery rotation for rotation roulette 102 in discharge port 4 provides power.
After being packaged the winding of stalk material by rotation roulette 102 and packing roller 103, in order to realize that automatic cutting ties net 104, manual labor is reduced, cost of labor is reduced, falls stalk material in square bale, optionally embodiment, reference Shown in Fig. 2, cutting mechanism is additionally provided at discharge port 4, cutting mechanism includes telescopic oil cylinder 106 and cutting cutter 107, telescopic oil cylinder 106 between rotation roulette 102 and discharge port 4, and cutting cutter 107 is fixed on the plunger end of telescopic oil cylinder 106, telescopic oil cylinder 106 it is flexible can push cutting cutter 107 movement will tie materials and parts severing.
It should be understood that above-mentioned telescopic oil cylinder 106 is not secured on rotation roulette 102, do not turn with rotation roulette 102 It is dynamic and rotate, as shown in Fig. 2, it is fixed on the fixed position between rotation roulette 102 and discharge port 4, it is preferred that its with stretch Contracting oil cylinder 106 is arranged in parallel.
Net 104 is tied in order to facilitate severing, Preferable scheme is that, when telescopic oil cylinder 106 is bounced back to the limit, cutting cutter 107 are located at the first end of bundle 104 width direction of net, and when telescopic oil cylinder 106 is extend out to utmostly, cutting cutter 107 is located at bundle net The second end of 104 width directions, by the telescopic process of telescopic oil cylinder 106, drive cutting cutter 107 streak bundle net 104 and by its Severing.In order to realize the automation of above-mentioned severing process, also settable existing controller and telescopic oil cylinder 106 and hydraulic motor 101 electrical connections, wherein existing PLC single-chip microcontroller etc. can be used in controller, by program setting, if as hydraulic motor 101 rotates After dry both fixing turns, i.e., after rotation roulette 102 drives packing roller 103 to rotate several circle numbers, controller can control telescopic oil cylinder 106 stretch cutting bundle net 104.
Net 104 is tied for the ease of severing, and optionally embodiment, roller 103 is parallel sets for telescopic oil cylinder 106 and packing It sets.
Referring to shown in Fig. 3-Fig. 5, Fig. 3 is the whole right side structure schematic diagram that straw field pickup is crushed baler, and Fig. 4 is stalk The whole left side structure schematic diagram of broken baler is picked up, Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of feeding pressure mechanism;
The present invention also provides a kind of straw field pickups to be crushed baler, including baler body, collecting machine 8 and feeding warehouse, Operating room 5 is provided on baler body convenient for operation, front is provided with the traction mechanisms such as hitch frame 6 and tractor and connect, By the power of tractor by universal drive shaft power transmission to gearbox, collecting machine 8 and hydraulic power unit are distributed to by gearbox, Wherein the hydraulic system of baler is mature technology in the art, and using existing hydraulic system, this will not be repeated here.
Collecting machine 8 is set on baler body for picking up, is crushed stalk, and collecting machine 8 is connected with feeding warehouse;Also wrap Feeding pressure mechanism and above-mentioned binding mechanism are included, feeding pressure mechanism is located in feeding warehouse for compressed material and material is pushed into discharge port 4.
Above-mentioned binding mechanism is applied on baler, is picked up, after crushing straw material using the collecting machine 8 of baler, Stalk material is delivered in feeding warehouse, smashed stalk is compressed and is pushed into out using the compression mechanism in feeding warehouse At material mouth 4, bundling is carried out using the above-mentioned binding mechanism of discharge port 4, operating efficiency can be increased substantially, do not have to manual work It is packaged dress, processing more safe reduces production cost.
In order to improve operating efficiency, referring to shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, optionally embodiment, the quantity of feeding warehouse are two It is a, and including preceding feeding warehouse 31 and laggard feed bin 32, it is connected between preceding feeding warehouse 31 and laggard feed bin 32 by discharge chambe;Out Before material mouth 4 is set on the side wall of feeding warehouse and laggard feed bin.
Former and later two feeding warehouses and reasonable preparation feeding pressure mechanism are set, can be realized two discharge holes 4 while discharging, raising is beaten Tie efficiency.
In order to which the discharge port 4 in feeding warehouse 31 and laggard feed bin 32 before realizing can discharge, optionally embodiment, Referring to Figure 5, feeding pressure mechanism includes: a two-way master cylinder 201, is located in discharge chambe;First unidirectional oil cylinder 202 and One or two to oil cylinder 203, before being located in feeding warehouse 31 and laggard feed bin 32;Two-way 201 front and back bidirectional-movement of master cylinder is by object Before material is compressed and pushed in feeding warehouse 31 and laggard feed bin 32, the first unidirectional oil cylinder 202 and the one or two respectively will to oil cylinder 203 Discharge port 4 is pushed out into the material in preceding feeding warehouse or laggard feed bin.
Above-mentioned two-way master cylinder 201 and unidirectional oil cylinder are existing mature technology, and its structure will not be repeated herein.Such as Shown in Fig. 5, it is preferred that above-mentioned preceding feeding warehouse and laggard feed bin are arranged in parallel, and discharge chambe connection and perpendicular to two feeding warehouses, Above-mentioned two-way master cylinder 201 is placed in discharge chambe, can by its bidirectional-movement realize front and back both ends compress pusher to two into In feed bin.Unidirectional oil cylinder its effect in feeding warehouse is to transfer to push away by the material that two-way master cylinder 201 transmits by stretching motion To at discharge port 4, the direction of motion of material is changed into the movement of left or right direction by compressing indoor move forward and backward at this time.
When specific works, two-way main oily steel one end is stretched out 32 side of feeding warehouse backward, pusher binder, and the in laggard feed bin One or two work to oil cylinder 203 is pushed out to discharge port 4 material, gets finished product packet, and after completing this movement, two-way main oily steel retraction is returned Its other end is started to work when contracting, and the two-way main oily steel other end marches forward the stretching of 31 side of feed bin, pusher binder, two-way oil steel row Journey in place after, the first unidirectional oil cylinder 202 in preceding feeding warehouse 31 is compressing, and material is released in work, by binding mechanism by material It twines net to be packaged, cutting mechanism cuts off the finished product packet got, and completes this process.In addition, electric-control system existing controller can be used It is electrically connected with three hydraulic cylinders, realizes the automatic control of three hydraulic cylinders, " semi-automatic ", " full-automatic ", " manual " etc. three Kind operating mode arbitrary switch.
The specific embodiment of the invention is using two-way main oily steel in the feeding pressure mechanism of baler, and both ends can discharge, original On the basis of artificial bagging, the present invention is rotated added with hydraulic motor 101 with runner disc at original artificial bagging, get at The bundle net 104 that product packet is packaged roller 103 is wrapped with, cutting mechanism is cut off, and is disconnected the packet got and is fallen execution on the ground, is solved The problem of artificial automatic bag sheathings of needs, inefficiency, realizes automatic job, improves work efficiency.
In order to improve the pickup of above-mentioned baler, be crushed stalk efficiency, also by the pickup on baler in the present embodiment Machine improves, it is preferred that referring to shown in Fig. 6-Fig. 9, Fig. 6 is the overall structure diagram of collecting machine, and Fig. 7 is collecting machine body Schematic diagram of internal structure, Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of dual spindle transmission in transmission mechanism, and Fig. 9 transmission mechanism and hammer pawl axis stir The structural schematic diagram of cage axis;
Collecting machine 8 includes collecting machine body, transmission mechanism and mechanism of tossing, in which: collecting machine body includes picking up stationary knife 841, kneading mechanism, stirring cage and separating twice room 845 are fixed in body fuselage wherein picking up stationary knife 841, pick up stationary knife 841 Effect be to pick up field level stalk, and stalk is crushed for the first time.Wherein, picking up stationary knife 841 is in the art show There is technology, details are not described herein.In order to protect the internal structure of collecting machine body, outside be additionally provided with collecting machine shell 84, Anti- stone backplate 85 and preceding check apron 86.
Above-mentioned kneading mechanism communicates with stirring cage and the stalk of primary crushing is sent in stirring cage, and separating twice room 845 is divided It is not set to stirring cage two sides;
Wherein, the effect of above-mentioned kneading mechanism is will to pick up the first smashed stalk of stationary knife 841 to rub, and pass It send and is carried out into stirring cage axis 843 except soil, except the stalk after soil carries out crushing the cleaning that can guarantee stalk again.
Wherein, it is provided with stirring cage axis 843 in stirring cage, is provided on stirring cage axis 843 about central symmetry and oppositely oriented Spiral vane, transmission mechanism with pick up kneading mechanism and stirring cage axis 843 and be driven by belt 7, the rotation of spiral vane Stalk can be transmitted separately in the separating twice room 845 of two sides;
As shown in fig. 7, spiral vane on above-mentioned stirring cage axis 843 is about center symmetric setting, and oppositely oriented, it is above-mentioned The effect of spiral vane mainly with the rotation of stirring cage axis 843, provides dynamic for the separating twice room 845 that stalk enters two sides Power, first smashed stalk are rotated with it and are promoted to two sides between spiral vane.Above-mentioned stirring cage axis 843 and spiral The setting of shape blade can be realized two sides feeding simultaneously, and speed is fast, high-efficient, and stirring cage is effectively prevent to block;Pass through two wheat-middlings again The work of broken room 845 improves stalks rubbing crush efficiency, increases the palatability of livestock.
Mechanism of tossing in collecting machine body is communicated with pulverizing chamber, and smashed stalk mechanism of being tossed is transported to baler In feeding warehouse, bundling work is once walked.Referring to shown in Fig. 3, preceding feeding warehouse 31 and laggard feed bin 32 respectively correspond collecting machine 8 The separating twice room 845 of the left and right sides, and by tossing what mechanism point was crushed collecting machine two sides on separating twice room 845 Material transferring carries out binder, bundling to two feeding warehouses.
A kind of specific embodiment of separating twice room is provided herein, is stirred referring to shown in Fig. 7 as optional embodiment Cage axis 843 extends in pulverizing chamber, and is provided in two pulverizing chambers and crushes moving knife 846, crushes moving knife 846 and is fixed on stirring cage axis It is rotated on 843 and with the rotation of stirring cage axis 843.In other words, it crushes moving knife 846 and is fixed on the both ends of stirring cage axis 843, and with stirring The rotation of cage axis 843 and rotate, the quantity for crushing moving knife 846 can be to be multiple, and make jointly with the inner wall of separating twice room 845 With to stalk progress separating twice.Wherein crushing moving knife 846 can be fixed on stirring cage axis 843 by forms such as screw or bolts, Those skilled in that art can also select according to the actual situation, and no longer bamboo repeats herein.
A kind of specific embodiment of kneading mechanism is provided herein referring to shown in Fig. 7 as optional embodiment, is rubbed Mechanism includes hammer pawl axis 842 and multiple hammer pawls 844, and multiple hammer pawls 844 are fixed on hammer pawl axis 842, transmission mechanism and hammer pawl axis 842 are driven by belt, and the rotation of hammer pawl axis 842 can drive hammer pawl 844 to rotate.
The effect of above-mentioned hammer pawl 844 be by hammer pawl axis 842 run at high speed the stalk of pickup is rubbed and is thrown to In stirring cage in operating.The hammer pawl in existing collecting machine can be used in the concrete shape of above-mentioned hammer pawl 844, as shown in Figure 7.
Collecting machine generallys use tractor and is used as traction, as optional embodiment, referring to shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, Picking up mechanomotive force equally in the present embodiment is using the power traction of tractor, and transmission mechanism includes dual spindle transmission 9, passes through ten thousand To transmission shaft by power transmission to dual spindle transmission 9, wherein dual spindle transmission 9 is existing mature technology, and the present embodiment is main Using the cross-compound arrangement of existing dual spindle transmission 9, drives stirring cage axis 843 and hammer pawl axis 842 to rotate by two sides, prevent axis from shaking The raw off-axis of movable property leads to not work.
Preferably, referring to shown in Fig. 9, it is respectively and fixedly provided with power output wheel 92 on the two sides transmission shaft 91 of dual spindle transmission 9, hammers into shape The two sides of pawl axis 842 are fixed with hammer pawl axis wheel for inputting 8421, and the two sides of stirring cage axis 843 are fixed with stirring cage axis wheel for inputting 8431, move Power output wheel is connect with hammer pawl axis wheel for inputting 8421 and stirring cage axis wheel for inputting 8431 by belt 7 respectively, and tractor-drawn is dynamic Power is transmitted to hammer pawl axis 842 and stirring cage axis 843 through gearbox 9.
Power is distributed to stirring cage axis 843 and hammer pawl axis 842 by the transmission of belt 7 by above-mentioned gearbox 9, can be achieved at the same time The rotation of stirring cage axis 843 and hammer pawl axis 842.Preferably, referring to shown in Fig. 9, also settable belt tensioning mechanism on belt 31, such as Fig. 1 left side belt tensioning mechanism 83 and right side belt tensioning mechanism 87 is respectively set on the transmission mechanism of the left and right sides, such as pressure zone Wheel guarantees the normal transmission of belt 7, referring to shown in Fig. 9.Belt guard 88 is provided with outside belt 7 to protect it.
Referring to figure 6 and figure 7, mechanism of tossing includes blower 82 and cylinder 81 of tossing, and blower 82 is fixed on separating twice room 845 On side wall, cylinder 81 of tossing is set to the top of blower 82 and connects separating twice room 845 and baler feeding warehouse;Preferably, wind Wearing plate 848 is provided on machine blade 847.
The running at high speed to enter to toss for stalk in separating twice room 845 of fan blade 847 provides power in cylinder 81, passes through Stalk becomes soft silk strip after crossing separating twice, and subsequently into being packaged in cylinder 81 of tossing, baler feed bin, efficiency is more Height, while improving the palatability of livestock.
Feasible parameter is additionally provided in the embodiment of the present invention, is only used as preferred mode, is not to the present invention The restriction of specific embodiment, as follows:
In the description of this specification, specific features, structure or feature can in any one or more embodiments or It can be combined in any suitable manner in example.
The above description is merely a specific embodiment, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, any Those familiar with the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, can easily think of the change or the replacement, and should all contain Lid is within protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be based on the protection scope of the described claims.

Claims (10)

1. the binding mechanism that a kind of straw field pickup is crushed baler, which is characterized in that including hydraulic motor, rotation roulette and packing Roller, in which:
The rotation roulette is fixed on the discharge port periphery of baler, and the hydraulic motor can drive the rotation roulette to discharge Mouth is axle center in its plane internal rotation;
The packing roller is fixed on the rotation roulette and is arranged towards the discharge port side, and winds on the packing roller There are bundle materials and parts, the packing roller, which can discharge the bundle materials and parts during rotating with the rotation roulette and wind material, to be wrapped It wraps up in.
2. the binding mechanism that straw field pickup according to claim 1 is crushed baler, which is characterized in that the hydraulic motor Output shaft on be fixed with gear, the periphery of the rotation roulette is provided with the gear ring being meshed with the gear, described hydraulic Motor can drive the rotation roulette to rotate by axle center of the discharge port by the gear.
3. the binding mechanism that straw field pickup according to claim 1 is crushed baler, which is characterized in that the discharge outlet It is additionally provided with cutting mechanism, the cutting mechanism includes telescopic oil cylinder and cutting cutter, and the telescopic oil cylinder is located at the rotating wheel Between disk and the discharge port, and the cutting cutter is fixed on the plunger end of the telescopic oil cylinder, and the telescopic oil cylinder stretches The cutting cutter movement can be pushed the bundle materials and parts severing.
4. the binding mechanism that straw field pickup according to claim 3 is crushed baler, which is characterized in that the telescopic oil cylinder It is arranged in parallel with the packing roller.
5. a kind of straw field pickup is crushed baler, including baler body, collecting machine and feeding warehouse, the collecting machine is set to institute It states and is used to pick up on baler body, is crushed stalk, the collecting machine is connected with the feeding warehouse;It is characterized in that, also wrapping Feeding pressure mechanism and the described in any item binding mechanisms of claim 1-4 are included, the feeding pressure mechanism, which is located in the feeding warehouse, to be used for Material is simultaneously pushed into discharge port packing by compressed material.
6. straw field pickup according to claim 1 is crushed baler, which is characterized in that the quantity of the feeding warehouse is two It is a, and including preceding feeding warehouse and laggard feed bin, it is connected between the preceding feeding warehouse and laggard feed bin by discharge chambe.
7. straw field pickup according to claim 6 is crushed baler, which is characterized in that the feeding pressure mechanism includes: one Two-way master cylinder is located in the discharge chambe;First unidirectional oil cylinder and the second unidirectional oil cylinder, are located at the preceding feeding warehouse In the laggard feed bin;Bidirectional-movement by material compression and pushes to the preceding feeding warehouse and institute before and after the two-way master cylinder It states in laggard feed bin, the first unidirectional oil cylinder and the second unidirectional oil cylinder will enter in the preceding feeding warehouse or the laggard feed bin respectively Material be pushed out to discharge port.
8. straw field pickup according to claim 5 is crushed baler, which is characterized in that the collecting machine includes collecting machine machine Body, transmission mechanism and mechanism of tossing, in which:
The collecting machine body includes picking up stationary knife, kneading mechanism, stirring cage and separating twice room, wherein the pickup stationary knife is fixed In in body fuselage, the kneading mechanism is communicated with the stirring cage and the stalk of primary crushing is sent in the stirring cage, institute It states separating twice room and is respectively arranged at the stirring cage two sides;
It is provided with stirring cage axis in the stirring cage, spiral shape leaf about central symmetry and oppositely oriented is provided on the stirring cage axis Piece, the transmission mechanism and the pickup kneading mechanism and the stirring cage axis are driven by belt, and the spiral vane turns Stalk is transmitted separately in the separating twice room of two sides by kinetic energy;
The mechanism of tossing is communicated with the separating twice room, mechanism of tossing described in smashed stalk warp transport to baler into In feed bin.
9. straw field pickup according to claim 8 is crushed baler, which is characterized in that the stirring cage axis extends to described two Secondary crushing is indoor, and crushing moving knife is provided in two separating twice rooms, and the crushing moving knife is fixed on the stirring cage axis Above and with the rotation of stirring cage axis rotate.
10. straw field pickup according to claim 8 is crushed baler, which is characterized in that the kneading mechanism includes hammer pawl Axis and multiple hammer pawls, multiple hammer pawls are fixed on the hammer pawl axis, and the transmission mechanism and the hammer pawl axis pass through belt The rotation of transmission, the hammer pawl axis can drive the hammer pawl to rotate.
CN201910776649.5A 2019-08-22 2019-08-22 A kind of straw field pickup is crushed baler and its binding mechanism Pending CN110326434A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112056098A (en) * 2020-10-13 2020-12-11 贵州省草地技术试验推广站 Grass is reaped and is smashed bundle diolame combine of beating

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112056098A (en) * 2020-10-13 2020-12-11 贵州省草地技术试验推广站 Grass is reaped and is smashed bundle diolame combine of beating

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