CN207733281U - A kind of crushing of hay stalk, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine - Google Patents

A kind of crushing of hay stalk, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207733281U
CN207733281U CN201721765837.0U CN201721765837U CN207733281U CN 207733281 U CN207733281 U CN 207733281U CN 201721765837 U CN201721765837 U CN 201721765837U CN 207733281 U CN207733281 U CN 207733281U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
stalk
cut
hay
rubbed
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721765837.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
万其号
万东莉
布库
万永青
乔江
张晓庆
高凤芹
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Grassland Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Grassland Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Priority to CN201721765837.0U priority Critical patent/CN207733281U/en
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Publication of CN207733281U publication Critical patent/CN207733281U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

It is rubbed the utility model discloses a kind of crushing of hay stalk and is cut into a briquette forming machine, the hay stalk that field is stood first is crushed, throws forming cavity after conveying is rubbed and cut, under piston press effect, crushing is rubbed and is cut into a hay straw extrusion molding, after tying up, it pushes away and is placed on field, be easy to collect, transport, preserve, feeding;The utility model has following function:1, have and crush, rub silk, throw, compact formed function, be easy to collect, conveying, feed;2, two level throws device and blows away dust, and it is cleaner to collect stalk;3, the device, which crushes, collects careless stalk of doing something in disregard of obstacles, has profile modeling function, reliable operation, convenient transportation;4, the auger conveying crushing stalk of the device and straw rubbing have coaxial differential structure, and auger can be made to convey and rub to cut and throw and all reach optimum efficiency.

Description

A kind of crushing of hay stalk, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of agricultural mechanical equipment, is rubbed more particularly to a kind of crushing of hay stalk and is cut into silk Briquette forming machine.
Background technology
Hay stalk is crop maturity residue stem and leaf part, before can be used as firewood, feed, making compost returning to the field, industrialization, hay Stalk is seldom directly slatterned, with the rapid development of economy, the continuous application of new energy, various industrial products enrich, The demand of stalk is reduced, the abandoned due to cane harder not easily collecting of a large amount of stalks and tame hay, or even is incinerated, shape At the serious waste of resource and the serious pollution of environment, field hay and stalk working as at social development is rationally effectively treated Business is anxious.
Utility model content
The utility model, which provides a kind of crushing of hay stalk, to be rubbed and is cut into a briquette forming machine, to meet current people to field Between the process demand of hay and stalk.
It rubs to solve the above problems, the utility model provides a kind of crushing of hay stalk and is cut into a briquette forming machine, by Tractor provides power and draws advance, and power is passed to transfer case by tractor through first shaft coupling, passes through the tooth in transfer case Power is divided into two parts by wheel shaft, and power is passed to compact formed device by a part through baling shaft coupling, and another part is through crushing Shaft coupling rubs silk device for crushing and provides power, and auger chamber is thrown through crushing the hay stalk that hammer pawl is smashed, and screw-conveyer-shaft rotates, The hay stalk material of crushing is pushed to rubbing room by the auger being connected thereto, and the hay stalk material of crushing is indoor in rubbing After hammer leaf and tooth plate rubbing, bale press-box is thrown through throwing cylinder, is rotated in bale press-box inside crank, drives connecting rod flat Piston sliding that is dynamic, being connected on connecting rod, will rub the hay straw briquette forming for being cut into silk, molding Stalk, which is bundled in, continuously to be pushed away Force effect falls in field.
Preferably, it is described throw be provided in cylinder high-speed rotating wind turbine throw blade and it is secondary throw wind turbine, rub and be cut into The hay stalk of silk throws blade through high-speed rotating wind turbine and throws upwards, throws, throws by secondary the secondary of wind turbine that throw To bale press-box.
Preferably, in transportational process, the hydraulic device of tractor, which works, lifts rack, while hydraulic cylinder stretches out, Support arm will be pushed to be pivoted, tense adjustment steel wire rope, the device of the rope traction is rotated around rotating support shaft, The device of the rope traction is lifted, is supported and is walked by traveling wheel;When being worked in field, the hydraulic pressure of tractor Device does not work, and rack is fallen, and hydraulic cylinder is in middle position, does not work, and spring is tightened up, and is in quick condition, at this time Wheel plays the role of supporting walking, if encountering barrier or short depression, the device of rope traction will be rotated around support shaft, Land wheel is set to keep certain height with ground always, to play adjusting profile modeling function.
Preferably, the power of tractor is transferred to gearbox through first shaft coupling, crushing shaft coupling, through gearbox initiative taper Gear drives gearbox driven wheel of differential speedup deflecting, and second is driven with the first belt pulley on the same axis of gearbox driven wheel of differential Pulley rotation is connected to the crushing hammer pawl crushed on main shaft and smashes stalk, and retroject to drive crushing main axis It send to auger room, the first sprocket wheel and third belt pulley is installed in the other side for crushing main shaft, the first sprocket wheel is through on axle of carrier pulley Power is passed into the 4th sprocket wheel after second sprocket wheel, third chain sprocket decelerating, the 4th sprocket wheel is mounted on auger conveying axis, the 4th sprocket wheel Rotation by the stalk of crushing push to rub room, and install crush main shaft on third belt pulley power is passed after belt speedup To the 4th belt pulley, the 4th belt pulley is mounted on to rub and cut on main shaft, cuts motion of main shaft to drive to rub, the stalk of crushing is rubbed again It is thrown after cutting, described rub cuts main shaft across hollow auger conveying axis, and auger conveying axis has been achieved and has rubbed and has cut being total to for main shaft The function of axis and differential.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantages that:A kind of field hay of the utility model and straw Stalk crushing, which is rubbed, cuts briquette forming machine, and the hay stalk that field is stood first is crushed, throws forming cavity after conveying is rubbed and cut, Under piston press effect, crushing is rubbed and is cut into a hay straw extrusion molding, after tying up, pushes away and is placed on field, is easy to collect, transport Defeated, preservation, feeding;The utility model has following function:
1, have and crush, rub silk, throw, compact formed function, be easy to collect, conveying, feed;
2, two level throws device and blows away dust, and it is cleaner to collect stalk;
3, the device, which crushes, collects careless stalk of doing something in disregard of obstacles, has profile modeling function, reliable operation, convenient transportation;
4, the auger conveying crushing stalk of the device and straw rubbing have coaxial differential structure, and auger can be made to convey and rub It cuts and throws and all reach optimum efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 show the application hay stalk and crushes the signal of structure first for rubbing the embodiment for being cut into a briquette forming machine Figure;
Fig. 2 show the application hay stalk and crushes the signal of structure second for rubbing the embodiment for being cut into a briquette forming machine Figure;
Fig. 3 show the application hay stalk and crushes the structure third signal for rubbing the embodiment for being cut into a briquette forming machine Figure;
Fig. 4 show the application hay stalk and crushes the signal of structure the 4th for rubbing the embodiment for being cut into a briquette forming machine Figure;
Fig. 5 show the application hay stalk and crushes the signal of structure the 5th for rubbing the embodiment for being cut into a briquette forming machine Figure;
Fig. 6 show the application hay stalk and crushes the signal of structure the 6th for rubbing the embodiment for being cut into a briquette forming machine Figure;
Figure label:1, tractor, 2, first shaft coupling, 3, transfer case, 4, rack, the 5, first belt pulley, 6 second belts Wheel, 7, wind turbine throw blade, 8, rubbing room, 9, land wheel, 10, the earth, 11, traveling wheel, 12 stalks are compacted bale, 13 hay straw Stalk, 14, throw cylinder, 15, it is secondary throw wind turbine, 16, grinding device side plate, 17 baling shaft couplings, 18, crush shaft coupling, 19, straw Stalk, 20, gearbox, 21, rotating support shaft, 22, spring, 23, support arm, 24, adjustment steel wire rope, 25, connecting plate, 26, sprocket wheel 3,27, sprocket wheel 4,28, piston, 29, connecting rod, 30, crank, 31 hydraulic cylinders, 32, transfer case gear shaft, 33, gearbox active conical tooth Wheel, 34, gearbox driven wheel of differential, 35, gear box casing, 36, rubbing room side wall, 37, blower fan main shaft, 38, hammer leaf, 39 teeth Plate, 40, transmission shaft, 41, cantilever screw-conveyer-shaft, 42, crush hammer pawl, 43, crush main shaft, the 44, first sprocket wheel, 45, third belt pulley, 46, the second sprocket wheel, 47, third sprocket wheel, the 48, the 4th sprocket wheel, 49, auger conveying axis, the 50, the 4th belt pulley, 51 rub and cut main shaft, 52, auger chamber.
Specific implementation mode
It is noted that following detailed description is all illustrative, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another It indicates, all technical and scientific terms used herein has identical to be contained with the normally understood of the application technical field Justice.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific implementation mode, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singulative Be also intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using belong to "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate deposit-in feature, step, operation.
It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the features in the embodiments and the embodiments of the present application can phase Mutually combination.
The utility model is related to rub to a kind of field hay and stalk crushing and cut briquette forming machine, the stalk that field is stood It first crushes, throw forming cavity after conveying is rubbed and cut, under piston press effect, crushing is rubbed and is cut into a hay stalk and squeezes It is molded, it after tying up, pushes away and is placed on field, be easy to collect, transport, preserve, feeding.The device is mainly by hitch frame, gearbox, skin Belt driver crushes cutter shaft, spiral conveyer, rubs a cutter shaft, tooth plate, throws the groups such as blade, land wheel, forage grass molding machine At.
A kind of hay stalk crushing of the utility model, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine, and principal functional structure feature is as follows:
1, have and crush, rub silk, throw, compact formed function, be easy to collect, conveying, feed.
2, two level throws device and blows away dust, and it is cleaner to collect stalk.
3, the device, which crushes, collects careless stalk of doing something in disregard of obstacles, has profile modeling function, reliable operation, convenient transportation.
4, the auger conveying crushing stalk of the device and straw rubbing have coaxial differential structure, and auger can be made to convey and rub It cuts and throws and all reach optimum efficiency.
As shown in figs 1 to 6, a kind of crushing of hay stalk of the utility model, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine and is carried by tractor 1 For power and advance is drawn, power is passed to transfer case 3 by tractor 1 through first shaft coupling 2, passes through the gear shaft in transfer case 3 Power is divided into two parts by 32, and power is passed to compact formed device by a part through baling shaft coupling 17, and another part is through crushing Shaft coupling 18 rubs silk device for crushing and provides power, and auger chamber 52, auger are thrown through crushing the hay stalk that hammer pawl 42 is smashed Axis 49 rotates, and the hay stalk material of crushing is pushed to rubbing room 8, the hay stalk material of crushing by the auger being connected thereto In rubbing room 8 after hammer leaf 38 and tooth plate 39 are rubbed, throws blade 7 through high-speed rotating wind turbine and throw upwards, process is secondary The hay stalk 13 for being cut into silk will be rubbed and throws bale press-box by throwing secondary throw of wind turbine 15, in bale press-box inside crank 30 rotations, drive connecting rod 29 to be translatable, and the piston sliding being connected on connecting rod 29 will rub the hay straw briquette forming for being cut into silk, at The Stalk of type is bundled in continuous thrust and falls in field.
When the hay stalk that crushing hammer pawl 42 is smashed is thrown to auger chamber 52, dust can be carried, if being used directly to feed Livestock influences feeding effect, and throwing blade 7 through high-speed rotating wind turbine throws and thrown in secondary the secondary of wind turbine 15 that throw, When to the discharge port position for throwing cylinder 14, dust can be run by wind.
The utility model, which crushes, to be collected careless stalk of doing something in disregard of obstacles, has profile modeling function, reliable operation, convenient transportation.The device exists In transportational process, the hydraulic device of tractor 1, which works, lifts rack 4, while hydraulic cylinder 31 stretches out, and will push support arm 23 It is pivoted, tenses adjustment steel wire rope 24, crushing rubbing will be made to throw, devices is waited to be rotated around rotating support shaft 21, these are filled It sets and land wheel 9 lifts, supported and walked by traveling wheel 11, to prevent going wrong in transportational process.It works when in field When, the hydraulic device of tractor 1 does not work, and rack 4 is fallen, and hydraulic cylinder 31 is in middle position, does not work, spring 22 is drawn Tightly, it is in quick condition, land wheel 9 plays the role of supporting walking at this time, if encountering barrier or short depression, crushes rubbing and throws It send and land wheel apparatus will be rotated around support shaft 21, land wheel is made to keep certain height with ground always, imitated to play to adjust Shape function.
The power of tractor 1 is transferred to gearbox 20 through first shaft coupling 2, crushing shaft coupling 18, through gearbox initiative taper Gear 33 drives the 34 speedup deflecting of gearbox driven wheel of differential, with the first belt pulley 5 on 34 same axis of gearbox driven wheel of differential It drives the second belt pulley 6 to rotate, the rotation of main shaft 43 is crushed to drive, be connected to the crushing crushed on main shaft 43 and hammer pawl 42 into shape by straw Stalk 19 is smashed, and is thrown backward to auger room 52, and the first sprocket wheel 44 and third belt are equipped in the other side for crushing main shaft 43 Power is passed to the 4th sprocket wheel 48 by wheel 45, the first sprocket wheel 44 after the second sprocket wheel 46, the third sprocket wheel 47 on axle of carrier pulley slow down, the Four sprocket wheels 48 are mounted on auger conveying axis 49, and the rotation of the 4th sprocket wheel 48 pushes the stalk of crushing to rub room, and installs powder Power is reached the 4th belt pulley 50 by the third belt pulley 45 on broken main shaft 43 after belt speedup, and the 4th belt pulley 50 is mounted on It rubs and cuts on main shaft 51, rub to drive and cut motion of main shaft, the stalk of crushing is rubbed again and is thrown after cutting, the rubbing of design is cut main shaft 51 and worn Hollow auger conveying axis 49 is crossed, auger conveying axis 49 has been achieved and rubs coaxial and differential the function of cutting main shaft 51, this Sample can make conveying and rub to cut and throw all to reach optimum efficiency.
Crushing is rubbed cutting apparatus using bolt and is connect by connecting plate 25 with baling briquette forming machine by the application.Such as Fig. 6 institutes Show, sprocket wheel 26 is rotated together with transmission shaft 40, and is rotated by chain-driving sprocket wheel 27, to drive cantilever auger 41 to transport It is dynamic, herbage is assembled to centre, is stirred through shift fork (not shown) and is transported to molding room.
The application crushing rubs the stalk cut and is directly sent to bale press-box after secondary throw, in 30 turns of press-box inside crank It is dynamic, drive connecting rod 29 to be translatable, the piston sliding being connected on connecting rod will crush the straw briquette forming of rubbing, be easy to subsequent receipts Collection transport.
The application can also be improved, and crushing can be rubbed to stalk bundling molding machine and crushing is thrown device and changed It at pickup, is directly realized by and picks up baling function, realize a tractor serves several purposes, it is economical and practical.
The application can both handle hay, there is the mixture that can handle stalk, or both, therefore, herein described " hay stalk refers to the mixture of hay or stalk, or both ".
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, it is noted that for the general of the art For logical technical staff, without departing from the principle of this utility model, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these change The scope of protection of the utility model is also should be regarded as into retouching.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of hay stalk crushing, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine, which is characterized in that provided power by tractor (1) and drawn Advance, power is passed to transfer case (3) through first shaft coupling (2), passes through the gear shaft (32) in transfer case (3) by tractor (1) Power is divided into two parts, power is passed to compact formed device by a part through baling shaft coupling (17), and another part is through crushing Shaft coupling (18) rubs silk device for crushing and provides power, and auger chamber is thrown through crushing the hay stalk that hammer pawl (42) is smashed (52), auger conveying axis (49) rotates, and the hay stalk material of crushing is pushed to rubbing room (8) by the auger being connected thereto, The hay stalk material of crushing after hammer leaf (38) and tooth plate (39) rubbing, is thrown in rubbing room (8) through throwing cylinder (14) Bale press-box rotates in bale press-box inside crank (30), connecting rod (29) is driven to be translatable, and the piston being connected on connecting rod (29) is slided It is dynamic, the hay straw briquette forming for being cut into silk will be rubbed, molding Stalk is bundled in continuous thrust and falls in field.
2. hay stalk crushing according to claim 1, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine, which is characterized in that described to throw cylinder Inside be provided with high-speed rotating wind turbine throw blade (7) and it is secondary throw wind turbine (15), rub be cut into silk hay stalk (13) warp High-speed rotating wind turbine throws blade (7) and throws upwards, by secondary secondary the throwing for throwing wind turbine (15), throws bale pressure Tie room.
3. hay stalk crushing according to claim 1, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine, which is characterized in that in transportational process In, the hydraulic device of tractor (1), which works, lifts rack (4), while hydraulic cylinder (31) stretches out, and will push support arm (23) It being pivoted, tenses adjustment steel wire rope (24), the device of steel wire rope (24) traction is rotated around rotating support shaft (21), The device that the steel wire rope (24) is drawn is lifted, is supported and is walked by traveling wheel (11);When being worked in field, draw The hydraulic device of machine (1) does not work, and rack (4) is fallen, and hydraulic cylinder (31) is in middle position, does not work, and spring (22) is drawn Tightly, it is in quick condition, land wheel (9) plays the role of supporting walking at this time, if encountering barrier or short depression, steel wire rope (24) device drawn will be rotated around support shaft (21), and land wheel is made to keep certain height with ground always, be adjusted to play Save profile modeling function.
4. hay stalk crushing according to claim 1, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine, which is characterized in that tractor (1) Power through first shaft coupling (2), crush shaft coupling (18) be transferred to gearbox (20), through gearbox drive bevel gear (33) band Dynamic gearbox driven wheel of differential (34) speedup deflecting, with the first belt pulley (5) band on gearbox driven wheel of differential (34) same axis Dynamic second belt pulley (6) rotation crushes main shaft (43) rotation to drive, and is connected to the crushing hammer pawl crushed on main shaft (43) (42) stalk (19) is smashed, and is thrown backward to auger chamber (52), the first chain is installed in the other side for crushing main shaft (43) (44) and third belt pulley (45) are taken turns, the first sprocket wheel (44) slows down through the second sprocket wheel (46), the third sprocket wheel (47) on axle of carrier pulley Power is passed into the 4th sprocket wheel (48) afterwards, the 4th sprocket wheel (48) is mounted on auger conveying axis (49), and the 4th sprocket wheel (48) turns It is dynamic to push the stalk of crushing to rub room, and installing the third belt pulley (45) crushed on main shaft (43) will move after belt speedup Power reaches the 4th belt pulley (50), and the 4th belt pulley (50) is mounted on to rub and cut on main shaft (51), and motion of main shaft is cut to drive to rub, The stalk of crushing is rubbed again and is thrown after cutting, described rub cuts main shaft (51) across hollow auger conveying axis (49), is achieved Auger conveying axis (49) and rub coaxial and differential the function of cutting main shaft (51).
CN201721765837.0U 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 A kind of crushing of hay stalk, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine Expired - Fee Related CN207733281U (en)

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CN201721765837.0U CN207733281U (en) 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 A kind of crushing of hay stalk, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine

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CN201721765837.0U CN207733281U (en) 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 A kind of crushing of hay stalk, which is rubbed, is cut into a briquette forming machine

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108834465A (en) * 2018-09-10 2018-11-20 张振洋 A kind of saline and alkaline rice field fertility modification method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108834465A (en) * 2018-09-10 2018-11-20 张振洋 A kind of saline and alkaline rice field fertility modification method
CN108834465B (en) * 2018-09-10 2021-04-30 黑龙江万丰德肥料有限公司 Saline-alkali rice field fertility improvement method

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180817

Termination date: 20181218

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee