CN110123577B - Lower limb rehabilitation training instrument - Google Patents

Lower limb rehabilitation training instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110123577B
CN110123577B CN201910394497.2A CN201910394497A CN110123577B CN 110123577 B CN110123577 B CN 110123577B CN 201910394497 A CN201910394497 A CN 201910394497A CN 110123577 B CN110123577 B CN 110123577B
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China
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arc
incomplete gear
shaped rack
rehabilitation training
shaped
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CN201910394497.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110123577A (en
Inventor
张淑芳
韩君
由佳
胡波
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Suzhou University
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Suzhou University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H1/00Apparatus for passive exercising; Vibrating apparatus ; Chiropractic devices, e.g. body impacting devices, external devices for briefly extending or aligning unbroken bones
    • A61H1/02Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising
    • A61H1/0237Stretching or bending or torsioning apparatus for exercising for the lower limbs
    • A61H1/0255Both knee and hip of a patient, e.g. in supine or sitting position, the feet being moved in a plane substantially parallel to the body-symmetrical-plane
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/12Driving means
    • A61H2201/1207Driving means with electric or magnetic drive
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/16Physical interface with patient
    • A61H2201/1602Physical interface with patient kind of interface, e.g. head rest, knee support or lumbar support
    • A61H2201/164Feet or leg, e.g. pedal
    • A61H2201/1642Holding means therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a lower limb rehabilitation training device.A base is fixedly provided with a left pillar and a right pillar, the top ends of the pillars are connected with the upper end of a lifting rope through a connecting ring, the lower end of the lifting rope is connected with a waist binding ring, and the middle part of the lifting rope is provided with an arm supporting ring; the arc section of the middle part of each strut is connected with a sliding block in a sliding way through a first sliding chute, the sliding block is fixed with a push-up rod, a thigh binding ring is arranged on the push-up rod and is connected with an L-shaped rod body, the middle part of the L-shaped rod body is provided with a telescopic spring structure, and a footrest is fixed at the lower end of the L-shaped rod body; the sliding block is also hinged with the upper end of the arc-shaped rack, the lower end of the arc-shaped rack is in intermittent transmission connection with the incomplete gear, the incomplete gear is connected with a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is connected with an output shaft of a motor, and the motor is in signal connection with a motor controller and is electrically connected with a power supply. The invention can simulate the leg movement process when the patient walks upright, can improve the coordination during the leg rehabilitation training of the patient, can also accelerate the blood circulation of the whole body of the patient, and is favorable for eliminating thrombus in the body of the patient.

Description

Lower limb rehabilitation training instrument
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of medical instruments, in particular to a lower limb rehabilitation training instrument.
Background
Many diseases can lead to the patient's leg mobility awkward, including the disease that directly leads to the shank injured or because the brain is injured or the shank function that other parts of the body are injured is impaired, therefore need carry out appropriate low limbs rehabilitation training to patient's shank to avoid its shank muscle, ligament atrophy, and make it can adapt to the walking coordination after the recovery. At present, most leg training instruments are applied to rehabilitation training of legs of patients when the patients lie down or sit, and the patients are difficult to erect, so that the leg rehabilitation training of the patients in an erecting simulation state is difficult to realize, the body coordination of the patients in a walking state is difficult to train, and the leg rehabilitation training of the patients in the erecting state cannot be comprehensively realized.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the problems in the prior art and provide a lower limb rehabilitation training device.
The technical scheme of the invention is as follows: a lower limb rehabilitation training device comprises a base, wherein two struts which are arranged on the left and right are fixed on the base, a connecting ring is arranged at the top end of each strut, each connecting ring is respectively connected with the upper end of a lifting rope, the lower end of each lifting rope is connected with a waist binding ring, and an arm support ring is arranged in the middle of each of the two lifting ropes; the middle part of each strut is provided with a forward-bent arc section, a first sliding chute and a second sliding chute are arranged on one concave side of each arc section along the length direction of the arc section, a sliding block is connected in the first sliding chute in a sliding manner, the sliding block is fixedly connected with a transverse push-up rod, a thigh binding ring is arranged at the end part of each push-up rod and is connected with an L-shaped rod body, a longitudinal rod of each L-shaped rod body is fixedly connected with the push-up rod, the middle part of each longitudinal rod is provided with a telescopic spring structure, a footrest is fixed on the transverse rod of each L-shaped rod body, and a foot binding belt is arranged on each; the slider still is articulated mutually with the upper end of arc rack, the camber of arc rack with the camber of circular arc section is the same, and the arc rack is located in the second spout and with second spout sliding connection, the lower extreme and the incomplete gear intermittent type transmission of arc rack are connected, incomplete gear and pivot hub connection, the output shaft of pivot and motor, motor and motor controller signal connection and be connected with power supply electricity.
The waist binding ring is provided with a first lock catch; a second lock catch is arranged on the thigh binding ring; the two pillars are provided with a hand-held handle.
The rotating shaft is arranged on the bearing support, the rotating shaft is connected with a bearing shaft in the bearing support, the bearing support is fixed on the base, and the number of the bearing supports is two; the motor is fixed on the base through the motor support.
When the incomplete gear is meshed with the arc-shaped rack to perform power transmission, the arc-shaped rack moves upwards along the arc section.
When the arc-shaped rack on the left side is meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear, the arc-shaped rack on the right side is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear, and when the arc-shaped rack on the left side is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear, the arc-shaped rack on the right side is meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear.
When the arc-shaped rack on the left side is meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear, the arc-shaped rack on the right side is also meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear, and when the arc-shaped rack on the left side is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear, the arc-shaped rack on the right side is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear.
The position of the incomplete gear corresponding to the arc-shaped rack on the right side along the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft is adjustable and can be locked.
And an incomplete gear corresponding to the arc-shaped rack on the right is sleeved on the rotating shaft, a plurality of key grooves are formed in the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft, and the incomplete gear is connected with one of the key grooves through a flat key.
A walking wheel is arranged below the base, and a brake mechanism is arranged on the walking wheel.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: in the embodiment of the invention, the lower limb rehabilitation training device is provided, when in use, the waist binding ring is fixed on the waist of a patient, the left arm and the right arm of the patient penetrate through the arm supporting ring, so that the arm supporting ring forms upward support for the root of the arm of the patient, then the two hands of the patient hold the handle tightly, the left thigh and the right thigh of the patient are fixed through the left thigh binding ring and the right thigh binding ring, the two feet of the patient are fixed on the footrest, then the motor is started, the motor is rotated at a set rotating speed through the motor controller, the motor rotates to drive the rotating shaft to rotate, the left incomplete gear and the right incomplete gear are driven to rotate by the rotating shaft, the left arc-shaped rack and the right arc-shaped rack are driven to move up and down after the incomplete gear rotates, the left slider and the right slider are driven to move up and down, the left slider and the right slider are driven to move up and, the patient drives the left leg, the right leg and the foot to do up-and-down motion in the up-and-down motion process of the left leg and the right leg of the patient, and the telescopic spring structure can form up-and-down telescopic vibration effect in the up-and-down motion process of the lower leg, so that the blood circulation of the legs of the patient, particularly the lower legs, can be accelerated, and the muscles at the lower leg parts are known as the second heart of the human body, so that the whole blood circulation of the whole body of the patient can be accelerated, and the thrombus formed in the body of the patient due to. In addition, the incomplete gear on the right side of the walking machine is rotatably adjustable in position on the rotating shaft, so that the up-and-down movement direction of the left pushing and lifting rod and the right pushing and lifting rod can be adjusted, the left pushing and lifting rod and the right pushing and lifting rod can synchronously move up and down and can alternatively move up and down, the state that the feet of a patient alternately lift when the patient vertically walks can be simulated, the state that the feet of the patient synchronously lift when the patient jumps can also be simulated, and the motor of the walking machine can rotate slowly, so that the speed of the patient when the feet of the patient simultaneously lift off the ground can be simulated, and the walking machine can be well adapted to. In conclusion, the whole movement action of the leg rehabilitation training device can simulate the leg movement process of a patient in the vertical walking process, so that the coordination of the patient in the leg rehabilitation training can be improved, the whole blood circulation of the patient can be accelerated, and the thrombus in the body of the patient can be eliminated; the invention has simple structure, strong practicability and low cost.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Detailed Description
An embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings, but it should be understood that the scope of the present invention is not limited to the embodiment.
As shown in fig. 1, an embodiment of the present invention provides a lower limb rehabilitation training device, which includes a base 1, two pillars 2 arranged on the left and right are fixed on the base 1, a connecting ring 3 is arranged at the top end of each pillar 2, each connecting ring 3 is connected with the upper end of a lifting rope 4, the lower end of the lifting rope 4 is connected with a waist binding ring 19, and an arm support ring 5 is arranged in the middle of each of the two lifting ropes 4; the middle part of each strut 2 is provided with a forward-bent arc section 2-1, the concave side of the arc section 2-1 is provided with a first sliding chute 2-2 and a second sliding chute along the length direction of the arc section 2-1, the first sliding chute 2-2 is connected with a sliding block 10 in a sliding manner, the sliding block 10 is fixedly connected with a transverse push-up rod 6, the end part of the push-up rod 6 is provided with a thigh binding ring 7 and is connected with an L-shaped rod body 11, wherein the longitudinal rod of the L-shaped rod body 11 is fixedly connected with the push-up rod 6, the middle part of the longitudinal rod is provided with a telescopic spring structure 12, a footrest 9 is fixed on the transverse rod of the L-shaped rod body 11, and a foot binding belt is arranged on the; the sliding block 10 is further hinged to the upper end of an arc-shaped rack 13, the curvature of the arc-shaped rack 13 is the same as that of the arc section 2-1, the arc-shaped rack 13 is arranged in the second sliding groove and is in sliding connection with the second sliding groove, the lower end of the arc-shaped rack 13 is in intermittent transmission connection with an incomplete gear 14, the incomplete gear 14 is connected with a rotating shaft 18 in a shaft mode, the rotating shaft 18 is connected with an output shaft of a motor 16, and the motor 16 is in signal connection with a motor controller and is electrically connected with a power supply. A set of mechanism which is composed of a first sliding groove 2-2, a second sliding groove, a sliding block 10, a push lifting rod 6 and an arc-shaped rack 13 and has the same structure and is used for lifting and putting down the legs is arranged on each of the left and right supporting columns 2.
Furthermore, the waist binding ring 19 is provided with a first lock 20, the waist binding ring 19 can be locked on the waist by the first lock 20, and the waist binding ring 19 can be an annular rigid body or an annular binding belt formed by a soft belt-shaped body around the waist; the thigh binding ring 7 is provided with a second lock catch 8, the thigh binding ring 7 can be locked on the thigh through the second lock catch 8, and the thigh binding ring 7 can be an annular hard body or an annular binding belt formed by a soft belt body around the thigh; the two pillars 2 are provided with a hand-held handle 17, and the upright stability of the patient can be enhanced by the patient holding the hand-held handles 17 on the left and right sides tightly with the left and right hands in the training process.
Further, the rotating shaft 18 is arranged on the bearing support 15, the rotating shaft 18 is connected with a bearing shaft in the bearing support 15, the bearing support 15 is fixed on the base 1, and the number of the bearing supports 15 is two; the motor 16 is fixed on the base 1 through a motor support.
Further, when the incomplete gear 14 is meshed with the arc-shaped rack 13 for power transmission, the arc-shaped rack 13 moves upwards along the arc segment 2-1, and when the incomplete gear 14 is disengaged from the arc-shaped rack 13, the arc-shaped rack 13 slides downwards along the second sliding groove, so that the corresponding leg is driven to move downwards.
Further, the connection between the arc-shaped racks 13 on the left and right sides and the incomplete gears 14 on the left and right sides respectively comprises two specific cases: in the first case, when the arc-shaped rack 13 on the left side is meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear 14, the arc-shaped rack 13 on the right side is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear 14, and when the arc-shaped rack 13 on the left side is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear 14, the arc-shaped rack 13 on the right side is meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear 14, so that the state that the legs of the patient alternately ascend and descend when the patient walks can be simulated. In the second case, when the left arc-shaped rack 13 is meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear 14, the right arc-shaped rack 13 is also meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear 14, and when the left arc-shaped rack 13 is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear 14, the right arc-shaped rack 13 is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear 14, so that the states of jumping and the like of the patient that the feet of the patient are simultaneously lifted off and landed on the ground can be simulated.
Further, the position of the incomplete gear 14 corresponding to the right arc-shaped rack 13 in the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft 18 is adjustable and can be locked. The concrete structure is as follows: the incomplete gear 14 corresponding to the arc-shaped rack 13 on the right is sleeved on the rotating shaft 18, a plurality of key slots are formed in the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft 18, and the incomplete gear 14 is connected with one of the key slots through a flat key. The relative position of the incomplete gear 14 on the right side in the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft 18 can be adjusted to realize the ground-off and ground-on states of two legs of a patient, and the training of the two-leg movement of the patient in various states is facilitated.
Furthermore, a walking wheel is arranged below the base 1, a brake mechanism is arranged on the walking wheel, and the device can be conveniently moved through the walking wheel.
In summary, the embodiment of the present invention provides a lower limb rehabilitation training device, when in use, the waist constraint ring is fixed on the waist of a patient, and the left and right arms of the patient pass through the arm support ring, so that the arm support ring forms an upward support for the root of the arm of the patient, then the two hands of the patient hold the handle tightly, the left and right thighs of the patient are fixed by the left and right thigh constraint rings, and the two feet of the patient are fixed on the footrest, then the motor is started, the motor is rotated at a set rotation speed by the motor controller, the motor rotates to drive the rotating shaft to rotate, the left and right incomplete gears are driven by the rotating shaft to rotate, the left and right arc-shaped racks are driven to move up and down after the incomplete gears rotate, the left and right slide blocks are driven to move up and down, and the left and right slide blocks drive the left and right transverse push-up rods to, thereby drive patient's the thigh up-and-down motion about, patient's the thigh up-and-down motion's in-process drives it and controls shank and foot also up-and-down motion, the in-process expanding spring structure of shank up-and-down motion can form the effect of flexible vibration from top to bottom, thereby can accelerate patient's shank especially the blood circulation of playing the shank, and the muscle of shank position is known as human second heart, consequently can accelerate patient's whole body blood circulation, be favorable to eliminating patient because lie for a long time or sit the thrombus that forms in vivo. In addition, the incomplete gear on the right side of the walking simulation device is rotatably adjustable in position on the rotating shaft, so that the up-and-down movement direction of the left pushing and lifting rod and the right pushing and lifting rod can be adjusted, the left pushing and lifting rod and the right pushing and lifting rod can synchronously move up and down and can alternatively move up and down, the state that the feet of a patient alternately lift when the patient vertically walks can be simulated, and the state that the feet of the patient synchronously lift off the ground when the patient jumps can also be simulated. In conclusion, the whole movement action of the invention can simulate the leg movement process of the patient in the vertical walking process, not only can improve the coordination of the patient in the leg rehabilitation training, but also can accelerate the blood circulation of the whole body of the patient, and is beneficial to eliminating thrombus in the body of the patient; the invention has simple structure, strong practicability and low cost.
The above disclosure is only for a few specific embodiments of the present invention, however, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and any variations that can be made by those skilled in the art are intended to fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A lower limb rehabilitation training device comprises a base (1), wherein two struts (2) which are arranged on the left and right are fixed on the base (1), and is characterized in that the top end of each strut (2) is provided with a connecting ring (3), each connecting ring (3) is respectively connected with the upper end of a lifting rope (4), the lower end of each lifting rope (4) is connected with a waist binding ring (19), and the middle parts of the two lifting ropes (4) are respectively provided with an arm support ring (5); the middle part of each strut (2) is provided with a forward-bent arc section (2-1), the concave side of the arc section (2-1) is provided with a first sliding chute (2-2) and a second sliding chute along the length direction of the arc section (2-1), and the first sliding chute (2-2) is connected with a sliding block (10) in a sliding way; each sliding block (10) is fixedly connected with a transverse push-up rod (6), the end part of each push-up rod (6) is provided with a thigh binding ring (7) and is connected with an L-shaped rod body (11), a longitudinal rod of each L-shaped rod body (11) is fixedly connected with the push-up rod (6) where the longitudinal rod is located, the middle part of each longitudinal rod is provided with a telescopic spring structure (12), a footrest (9) is fixed on the transverse rod of each L-shaped rod body (11), and a foot binding belt is arranged on each footrest (9); each sliding block (10) is also hinged with the upper end of an arc-shaped rack (13), the curvature of the arc-shaped rack (13) is the same as that of the arc-shaped section (2-1), the arc-shaped racks (13) are arranged in second sliding grooves on the same side and are in sliding connection with the second sliding grooves, the lower ends of the arc-shaped racks (13) are in intermittent transmission connection with an incomplete gear (14), the incomplete gear (14) is connected with a rotating shaft (18) in a shaft mode, the rotating shaft (18) is connected with an output shaft of a motor (16), and the motor (16) is in signal connection with a motor controller and is electrically connected with a power supply.
2. The lower limb rehabilitation training device of claim 1, wherein the waist restraint ring (19) is provided with a first locking buckle (20); a second lock catch (8) is arranged on the thigh binding ring (7); the two pillars (2) are both provided with a hand-held handle (17).
3. The lower limb rehabilitation training device of claim 1, wherein the rotating shaft (18) is arranged on the bearing support (15), the rotating shaft (18) is connected with a bearing shaft in the bearing support (15), the bearing support (15) is fixed on the base (1), and the number of the bearing supports (15) is two; the motor (16) is fixed on the base (1) through a motor support.
4. The lower limb rehabilitation training device of claim 1, wherein the arc-shaped rack (13) moves upwards along the arc segment (2-1) when the incomplete gear (14) is meshed with the arc-shaped rack (13) for power transmission.
5. The lower limb rehabilitation training device of claim 4, wherein when the arc-shaped rack (13) on the left side is meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear (14), the arc-shaped rack (13) on the right side is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear (14), and when the arc-shaped rack (13) on the left side is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear (14), the arc-shaped rack (13) on the right side is meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear (14).
6. The lower limb rehabilitation training device of claim 4, wherein when the arc-shaped rack (13) on the left side is meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear (14), the arc-shaped rack (13) on the right side is also meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear (14), and when the arc-shaped rack (13) on the left side is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear (14), the arc-shaped rack (13) on the right side is not meshed with the corresponding incomplete gear (14).
7. The lower limb rehabilitation training device of claim 4, wherein the position of the partial gear (14) corresponding to the right arc-shaped rack (13) along the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft (18) is adjustable and can be locked.
8. The lower limb rehabilitation training device as claimed in claim 7, wherein the incomplete gear (14) corresponding to the arc-shaped rack (13) on the right side is sleeved on the rotating shaft (18) and is provided with a plurality of key slots along the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft (18), and the incomplete gear (14) is connected with one of the key slots through a flat key.
9. The lower limb rehabilitation training device of claim 1, wherein a walking wheel is arranged below the base (1), and a brake mechanism is arranged on the walking wheel.
CN201910394497.2A 2019-05-13 2019-05-13 Lower limb rehabilitation training instrument Active CN110123577B (en)

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