CN201005935Y - Multi-posture ectoskeleton lower limb rehabilitation exercising robot - Google Patents

Multi-posture ectoskeleton lower limb rehabilitation exercising robot Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201005935Y
CN201005935Y CNU2006201407798U CN200620140779U CN201005935Y CN 201005935 Y CN201005935 Y CN 201005935Y CN U2006201407798 U CNU2006201407798 U CN U2006201407798U CN 200620140779 U CN200620140779 U CN 200620140779U CN 201005935 Y CN201005935 Y CN 201005935Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bar
support
training
ectoskeleton
limb
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CNU2006201407798U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨灿军
张佳帆
耿昱
张�杰
邓美英
张欣
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浙江大学
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Priority to CNU2006201407798U priority Critical patent/CN201005935Y/en
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Publication of CN201005935Y publication Critical patent/CN201005935Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multi-posture dermaskeleton lower limb rehabilitation exercising robot, comprising a base, a grate, a hanging system, a dermaskeleton exercising device and a computer controlling system. The robot builds a lower limb rehabilitation exercising robot with various excitation degrees and multiple training modes for patients with apoplexy by analyzing the general international Brunnstrom training method, combining the Physical Therapy (PT) and Operational Therapy (OT) for paralysis of lower limb of the patients with apoplexy and aiming at the rehabilitation-training requirements at different stages and for different postures for patients with apoplexy, and multi-excitation training modes can be realized in different courses of treatment according to different patients, comprising active gait, passive-force controlled gait, passive-damp adjustable gait or the like, to achieve the best effect of rehabilitation exercising. The robot can satisfy the training states of sitting, standing and lying, and is applicable to the rehabilitation exercising at different stages for the patients with apoplexy.

Description

Robot for multiple posture exoskeleton lower limb rehabilitation training

Technical field

This utility model relates to a kind of robot for multiple posture exoskeleton lower limb rehabilitation training, belongs to the rehabilitation medical instrument field.Be applicable to cerebro-vascular diseases patient and spinal cord injury patient's lower limb rehabilitation training.

Background technology

Increase along with the aging of modern society and traffic, industrial accident, progressively become a kind of common colony of modern society as cardiovascular patients such as apoplexy and spinal cord injury patient, this class patient is except Drug therapy or operative treatment, and the rehabilitation training of science improves extremely important for suffering from the limb motor function.Usually by doing and illustrating paralyses patient is adopted the specific muscle group of selectivity manual stretch by doctor, PT teacher, OT teacher at present, use standing bed and carry out standing exercise gradually.The rehabilitation training of this passive type, working strength is big, and can't satisfy more patients' demand.Training effect and medical teacher's skills involved in the labour are closely related, keep the concordance of rehabilitation training action at different patients with being difficult to accurately put in place.Therefore developing at present much to replace the doctor independently to train the rehabilitation of patients robot.But these healing robots generally can only be trained the patient of independent position, can not satisfy different rehabilitation stage patients' rehabilitation training requirement simultaneously.Chinese patent CN2730338 is a kind of wearable lower limb walking ectoskeleton, and it is with the motion of air cylinder driven people lower limb, but there is the not high enough shortcoming of positioning accuracy in the air cylinder driven device, will not reach good rehabilitation efficacy if be used for rehabilitation training.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of ectoskeleton lower limbs rehabilitation training robot that can help cerebro-vascular diseases patient and spinal cord injury patient to carry out rehabilitation training.

Robot for multiple posture exoskeleton lower limb rehabilitation training of the present utility model comprises support, guardrail, suspension system, ectoskeleton training devices and computer control system;

Support: comprise the chassis of carrying entire machine, treadmill and support, treadmill place on the chassis, and support is fixed on the rear end on chassis;

Guardrail: form by vertical rod, cross bar and handrail, be installed on the stationary holder of treadmill;

Suspension system: comprise load-bearing camisole, the hanger rope that is connected with camisole, counterweight and be arranged on pulley on the support, the hanger rope rope is wound on the pulley, and an end of hawser links to each other with hanger rope, and the other end links to each other with counterweight;

Ectoskeleton training devices: comprise the seat that ectoskeleton lower limb, medicated cushion and backrest are hinged, the parallelogram connecting rod and the antivibrator of four limit hinges, the vertical edge and the backrest of parallelogram connecting rod are fixed, another vertical edge and support are fixed, one end of antivibrator and the last rod hinge connection of parallelogram connecting rod, the other end and the support of antivibrator are hinged; The ectoskeleton lower limb comprise hip bar, thigh bar and shank bar, the hinged formation hip joint of hip bar and thigh bar, the hinged formation knee joint of thigh bar and shank bar, the two ends of first ball-screw are hinged with the upper end of the end of hip bar and thigh bar respectively, the end of hip bar and the backrest of seat connect firmly, the rotating shaft of first motor links to each other by the nut of synchronous pulley with first ball-screw, the two ends of second ball-screw are hinged with thigh bar and shank bar upper end respectively, and the rotating shaft of second motor links to each other by the nut of synchronous pulley with second ball-screw;

Computer control system: comprise main frame, display screen and controller, controller is installed on the cross bar or armrest of guardrail, and display screen is fixed on the chassis.

For ease of regulating " sit, stand, lie " three posture attitudes of seat, can below backrest and medicated cushion, install linear actuator.

At the patient who is in the different rehabilitation training stage, this utility model can be by regulating the speed of motor, and the moment of motor creates different rehabilitation environments with the attitude of mechanical body, makes the rehabilitation of patients training more targeted.

This utility model is by analyzing international Brunnstrom training method, in conjunction with " physiotherapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) " to the patients with stroke palsy lower limb, at the rehabilitation training requirement of the different positions of cerebral apoplexy patient different phase, set up patients with stroke leg training healing robot with different incentive degrees and multiple training mode.Can in different course, realize simultaneously the training mode of multiple excitation according to different apoplexy patients, comprise initiatively gait,, thereby reach the effect of optimal rehabilitation exercise by power control gait, passive damping is adjustable gait isotype.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of robot for multiple posture exoskeleton lower limb rehabilitation training;

Fig. 2 is parallel-crank mechanism figure;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of ectoskeleton lower limb.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with description of drawings this utility model.

Referring to Fig. 1, robot for multiple posture exoskeleton lower limb rehabilitation training comprises support, guardrail, suspension system, ectoskeleton training devices and computer control system;

Support: comprise the chassis 4 of carrying entire machine, treadmill 3 and support 1, treadmill 3 place on the chassis 4, and support 1 is fixed on the rear end on chassis 4;

Guardrail: form by vertical rod 7, cross bar 6 and handrail 5, be installed on the stationary holder of treadmill 3;

Suspension system: the hanger rope 9 that comprise load-bearing camisole 10, is connected, counterweight 2 and be arranged on pulley 8 on the support 1 with camisole, the hanger rope rope is wound on the pulley 8, and an end of hawser links to each other with hanger rope 9, and the other end links to each other with counterweight 2.Suspension system is used to suspend in midair the patient to keep the balance of health, when the patient puts on camisole, when carrying out the rehabilitation training under the standing state, by regulating the balancing weight on the Weighting system, strains hanger rope, makes patient be in suspended state, to keep balance.

Ectoskeleton training devices: comprise the seat that ectoskeleton lower limb 18, medicated cushion 17 and backrest 15 are hinged, the parallelogram connecting rod 16 of four limit hinges and antivibrator 19, vertical edge of parallelogram connecting rod 16 and backrest 15 are fixing, another vertical edge and support 1 are fixing, one end of antivibrator 19 and the last rod hinge connection of parallelogram connecting rod 16, the other end of antivibrator and support 1 hinged (as shown in Figure 2).Because when standing ambulation training, patient body can be along with the fluctuation alternately and up and down of gait, antivibrator can play buffered effect, also can play the effect of part body support simultaneously.Ectoskeleton lower limb 18 (as shown in Figure 3) comprise hip bar 20, thigh bar 23 and shank bar 26, hip bar 20 and thigh bar 23 hinged formation hip joints, thigh bar 23 and shank bar 26 hinged formation knee joints, the two ends of first ball-screw 22 are hinged with the upper end of the end of hip bar 20 and thigh bar respectively, the end of hip bar 20 and the backrest of seat connect firmly, the rotating shaft of first motor 21 links to each other by the nut of synchronous pulley with first ball-screw 22, the two ends of second ball-screw 25 are hinged with thigh bar 23 and shank bar upper end respectively, and the rotating shaft of second motor 24 links to each other by the nut of synchronous pulley with second ball-screw 25.

When rehabilitation training, can make seat upright by the linear actuator that is installed in below medicated cushion and the backrest, be fit to the training of patient's stance, also can make seat become " chaise longue ", the lie low training of posture of suitable patient, under the seat state, the training when being fit to patient in sitting.By the conversion of posture, many position training have been realized.People's thigh and shank are separately fixed on thigh bar 23 and the shank bar 26 during rehabilitation training, and when first, second two motor-driven thigh bars 23 and shank bar 26 were moving, the lower limb that just can drive the patient carried out rehabilitation training.

Computer control system: comprise main frame, display screen 12 and controller 11, controller 11 is installed on the cross bar or armrest of guardrail, and display screen 12 is fixed on the chassis 4.Computer control system is used to control all drive system, can control the motor that is positioned on ectoskeleton hip bar and the thigh bar, and is positioned at the linear actuator below backrest and the medicated cushion.Display screen can allow the patient clearly see the various situations that oneself is trained.Controller can be controlled the conversion of three positions, regulates the speed of training and the size of motor torque.When patient's standing exercise, controller can be placed on the guardrail handrail, when patient in sitting is trained and lie low training, can be placed on controller on the armrest.

Claims (1)

1. robot for multiple posture exoskeleton lower limb rehabilitation training is characterized in that comprising support, guardrail, suspension system, ectoskeleton training devices and computer control system;
Support: comprise the chassis (4) of carrying entire machine, treadmill (3) and support (1), treadmill (3) place on the chassis (4), and support (1) is fixed on the rear end of chassis (4);
Guardrail: form by vertical rod (7), cross bar (6) and handrail (5), be installed on the stationary holder of treadmill (3);
Suspension system: the hanger rope (9) that comprise load-bearing camisole (10), is connected, counterweight (2) and be arranged on pulley (8) on the support (1) with camisole, the hanger rope rope is wound on the pulley (8), one end of hawser links to each other with hanger rope (9), and the other end links to each other with counterweight (2);
Ectoskeleton training devices: comprise ectoskeleton lower limb (18), medicated cushion (17) and the hinged seat of backrest (15), the parallelogram connecting rod (16) of four limit hinges and antivibrator (19), vertical edge of parallelogram connecting rod (16) and backrest (15) are fixing, another vertical edge and support (1) are fixing, the last rod hinge connection of one end of antivibrator (19) and parallelogram connecting rod (16), the other end of antivibrator and support (1) are hinged, ectoskeleton lower limb (18) comprise hip bar (20), thigh bar (23) and shank bar (26), hip bar (20) and the hinged formation hip joint of thigh bar (23), thigh bar (23) and the hinged formation knee joint of shank bar (26), the two ends of first ball-screw (22) are hinged with the upper end of the end of hip bar (20) and thigh bar respectively, the end of hip bar (20) and the backrest of seat connect firmly, the rotating shaft of first motor (21) links to each other by the nut of synchronous pulley with first ball-screw (22), the two ends of second ball-screw (25) are hinged with thigh bar (23) and shank bar upper end respectively, and the rotating shaft of second motor (24) links to each other by the nut of synchronous pulley with second ball-screw (25);
Computer control system: comprise main frame, display screen (12) and controller (11), controller (11) is installed on the cross bar or armrest of guardrail, and display screen (12) is fixed on the chassis (4).
CNU2006201407798U 2006-12-07 2006-12-07 Multi-posture ectoskeleton lower limb rehabilitation exercising robot CN201005935Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2006201407798U CN201005935Y (en) 2006-12-07 2006-12-07 Multi-posture ectoskeleton lower limb rehabilitation exercising robot

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2006201407798U CN201005935Y (en) 2006-12-07 2006-12-07 Multi-posture ectoskeleton lower limb rehabilitation exercising robot

Publications (1)

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CN201005935Y true CN201005935Y (en) 2008-01-16

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102512307A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-06-27 清华大学 Multi-position lower limb rehabilitation training robot
CN103340733A (en) * 2013-07-17 2013-10-09 张曙光 Human body spine vertical retractor
CN102961231B (en) * 2009-08-05 2014-11-19 广州一康医疗设备实业有限公司 Gait rehabilitation training robot
CN105147493A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-12-16 合肥工业大学 Lower limb automatic regulating platform for waist rehabilitation training and training method
CN106109185A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-11-16 江苏怡龙医疗科技有限公司 A kind of device for assisting patient to walk
CN106420271A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-22 广州科安康复专用设备有限公司 Single-driven bionic gait rehabilitation training robot system
WO2018014558A1 (en) * 2016-07-18 2018-01-25 广东铭凯医疗机器人有限公司 Physical therapy support robot and operation method therefor
CN107921628A (en) * 2015-08-11 2018-04-17 南洋理工大学 Ectoskeleton machine clothing
WO2018214246A1 (en) * 2017-05-22 2018-11-29 华中科技大学 Connecting rod-type lower limb exoskeleton rehabilitation robot
CN108969296A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-12-11 哈尔滨工业大学(威海) A kind of lower limb rehabilitation robot
CN110123590A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-08-16 武汉轻工大学 Convalescence device
CN110123577A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-08-16 宿州学院 A kind of recovery training appliance for recovery lower limbs tool

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102961231B (en) * 2009-08-05 2014-11-19 广州一康医疗设备实业有限公司 Gait rehabilitation training robot
CN102512307A (en) * 2011-12-23 2012-06-27 清华大学 Multi-position lower limb rehabilitation training robot
CN102512307B (en) * 2011-12-23 2013-12-04 清华大学 Multi-position lower limb rehabilitation training robot
CN103340733A (en) * 2013-07-17 2013-10-09 张曙光 Human body spine vertical retractor
CN105147493A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-12-16 合肥工业大学 Lower limb automatic regulating platform for waist rehabilitation training and training method
CN105147493B (en) * 2015-06-24 2017-03-29 合肥工业大学 Platform and training method are automatically adjusted for the lower limb in waist rehabilitation training
CN107921628A (en) * 2015-08-11 2018-04-17 南洋理工大学 Ectoskeleton machine clothing
WO2018014558A1 (en) * 2016-07-18 2018-01-25 广东铭凯医疗机器人有限公司 Physical therapy support robot and operation method therefor
CN106109185A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-11-16 江苏怡龙医疗科技有限公司 A kind of device for assisting patient to walk
CN106109185B (en) * 2016-08-01 2019-10-11 江苏怡龙医疗科技有限公司 A kind of device for assisting patient to walk
CN106420271A (en) * 2016-09-06 2017-02-22 广州科安康复专用设备有限公司 Single-driven bionic gait rehabilitation training robot system
CN106420271B (en) * 2016-09-06 2018-11-30 广州科安康复专用设备有限公司 It is single to drive bionical gait rehabilitation training robot system
WO2018214246A1 (en) * 2017-05-22 2018-11-29 华中科技大学 Connecting rod-type lower limb exoskeleton rehabilitation robot
CN108969296A (en) * 2018-06-13 2018-12-11 哈尔滨工业大学(威海) A kind of lower limb rehabilitation robot
CN110123577A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-08-16 宿州学院 A kind of recovery training appliance for recovery lower limbs tool
CN110123590A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-08-16 武汉轻工大学 Convalescence device

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C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20080116

Termination date: 20101207