CN109845668A - A kind of method that blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture cultivates domestication - Google Patents

A kind of method that blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture cultivates domestication Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109845668A
CN109845668A CN201910313114.4A CN201910313114A CN109845668A CN 109845668 A CN109845668 A CN 109845668A CN 201910313114 A CN201910313114 A CN 201910313114A CN 109845668 A CN109845668 A CN 109845668A
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China
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water
committee
breeding
blackspot
breeding trough
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CN109845668B (en
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韩世成
尹家胜
张颖
孙言春
马波
曹永生
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Heilongjiang River Fisheries Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Heilongjiang River Fisheries Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Marine Sciences & Fisheries (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Farming Of Fish And Shellfish (AREA)

Abstract

A kind of method that blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture cultivates domestication, belongs to technical field of aquaculture.There is batch dead technical problem in the blackspot original Select-Committee for solving artificial culture when growing to 3.3 centimeters or so, technical key point of the present invention: water pump groundwater abstraction, enter husky filter tank, ultraviolet ray disinfector, in temperature detection controller through pipeline, water temperature controls after 8 DEG C -9 DEG C, water body flows into water distributing pore and respectively enters in breeding trough, carries out domesticating and cultivating to blackspot Yuan Select-Committee;Oxygenation aeration is carried out using air pump, oxygenation nanometer stone;Breeding trough simulating natural environment places the rough sand of smooth stone or river;By adjusting water distributing pore direction, changes streamflow regime, carry out simulating natural environment flow condition;Breeding water body is flowed out under the action of dirt pusher, into water level control pipe;After carrying out breeding water body overflow, enter in drainage pipeline through outlet pipe, completes entire flowing water culture and cultivate domestication process.The present invention cultivates domestication for blackspot Yuan Select-Committee.

Description

A kind of method that blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture cultivates domestication
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultural methods that a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee cultivates domestication, and in particular to a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture The method for cultivating domestication, belongs to technical field of aquaculture.
Background technique
Blackspot original Select-Committee (Glypotsternum maculatum), siluriformes, Select-Committee section original Select-Committee belong to, and Tibetan language is named as Ba Geli, main The Yarlung Zangbo River Bomi in Tibet is distributed in into the mainstream and its tributary of Rikaze river section, is 7 Zhong Select-Committee in the Yarlung Zangbo River In being uniquely distributed in section fish, the species of upstream, quantity is reduced increasingly in recent years.
Yarlung Zangbo River middle reaches quantity of the blackspot Yuan Select-Committee in Tibet height above sea level 4200m is more, though yield is less, meat is thin Tender, delicious flavour pierces between flesh few, and it is a kind of rare cold water fishes that nutritive value is high, and market value is high, deep to be liked by the people Love, in addition to edible value, can also be used as medicine, and be worth with certain fishery economic, be local littoral important one of fishery resources. But since the blackspot Yuan Select-Committee speed of growth is slow, sexal maturity is later, individual difference fecundity is weaker, artificial overfishing and outer Carrying out the reasons such as species invasion causes blackspot Yuan Select-Committee wild resource to peter out, and has been cited as endangered species, carries out blackspot Yuan Select-Committee kind Matter protection of resources and artificial culture tame, it is very urgent to breed.
In the prior art:
Example 1, the artificial Hua Zhong Agriculture University of application, application No. is CN201310699056.6, invention and created name is one kind The application for a patent for invention of the method for blackspot Yuan Select-Committee fry and fingerling is cultivated using man-made feeds, it discloses following contents: this hair Bright method, cement pit indoors, using healthy stream water source, manual control miniflow water feeds artifical compound feed, will from by The fry rearing that smart ovum is hatched is the fingerling of overall length 3cm.Using the fry of the invention for cultivating 2~3 age in days of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee to 3cm fish The survival rate of kind reaches 80% or more.
To sum up example 1, the content of research be how the method that man-made feeds cultivate blackspot Yuan Select-Committee fry and fingerling, it is therefore an objective to train The survival rate for the fingerling that the fry rearing for educating 2~3 age in days of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee is overall length 3cm reaches 80% or more.
Example 2, the artificial Tibet Autonomous Region's animal husbandry academy of sciences of application, application No. is CN201510837888.9, innovation and creation names Referred to as a kind of application for a patent for invention of the artificial breeding method of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee, it discloses following contents: mating system, including with Lower step: after A, wild blackspot Yuan Select-Committee parent population is impregnated with saline solution, then carrying out Sex judging, collects raun and milter;B, it is used for The dosage for the pharmaceutical composition that raun is hastened parturition are as follows: 5+1 carp pituitary of μ g/kg weight of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone/kg weight;Note After penetrating for 24 hours, flicking raun abdomen then injects same the second needle of dosage oxytocic drug such as without the ovum grain outflow that dissociates;C, using dry method Fertilization;D, after the egg membrane of fertilized eggs falls off, fertilized eggs is poured into incubation tank and are hatched, when blackspot Yuan Select-Committee fry starts to swim in bottom of pond It is dynamic, exogenous nutrition is turned to, animality live bait and artifical compound feed are fed.By the maturation for grasping wild blackspot Yuan Select-Committee parent population Rule studies blackspot Yuan Select-Committee artificial propagation techniques, forms a set of feasible artificial induced spawning, artificial incubation method, realizes The artificial large-scale farming of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee, hatching rate is up to 70% or more.
To sum up example 2, the content of research be blackspot Yuan Select-Committee how artificial breeding, purpose formed a set of feasible artificial induced spawning, Artificial incubation method, realizes the artificial large-scale farming of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee, and hatching rate is up to 70% or more.
Example 3, application artificial Tibet Autonomous Region's animal husbandry academy of sciences academy of aquatic sciences, application No. is CN201721438000.5, invention and created name are special for the utility model of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee incubating oosperm and larva and juvenile cultivation apparatus Benefit, it discloses following contents: during blackspot Yuan Select-Committee incubating oosperm, discovery is had the following problems: prelarva tail portion membrane, But head and yolk bag can not be deviate from still in egg membrane, last because of membrane overlong time, and prelarva high-volume is dead.Capture blackspot The artificial breeding technology task of Yuan Select-Committee is urgent.Technical solution is: blackspot Yuan Select-Committee incubating oosperm and larva and juvenile cultivation apparatus, including Breeding trough, water inlet pipe and water outlet;The upper end opening of breeding trough, isolation sieve is provided in breeding trough, and isolation sieve will cultivate Slot is divided into left and right two parts, and a part is culturing chamber, and another part is oxygen supplying chamber;Oxygen pump and water inlet pipe are provided in oxygen supplying chamber, Hatching screen tray is equipped with above culturing chamber;The water outlet is arranged in the culturing chamber bottom.Blackspot Yuan Select-Committee incubating oosperm and son Postlarva cultivation apparatus package unit can be not only used for incubating oosperm process, and hatching mesh screen is taken away after prelarva membrane, and at Seed rearing device, utilization rate is high, and practicability is good.Water outlet and water inlet pipe together form water-flowing path, ensure that blackspot original The flowing water environment of entire breeding trough in Select-Committee incubating oosperm and larva and juvenile breeding process.Sieve is isolated culturing chamber and oxygen supplying chamber point It separates, environmental condition preferably can be provided for blackspot original Select-Committee incubating oosperm and larva and juvenile, while sieve is isolated to hinder Trapping bubble enters culturing chamber, can both prevent impact of the bubble to larva and juvenile, and swallow minute bubbles prevented also from seed.Sieve handle is isolated Culturing chamber and oxygen supplying chamber separate, and the filling sponge between isolation sieve and cultivation cell wall, can effectively prevent produced by oxygen pump Bubble rising focus to hatching screen tray bottom, prevent fertilized eggs because bubble isolation, can not with water flow contact due to hypoxia death this The occurrence of kind.When by screen tray, the size limitation of screen tray grid can play useful effect, help most idiosomes complete Full abjection egg membrane, demoulding rate reach 95% or more.
To sum up example 3, the object of cultivation are wild blackspot Yuan Select-Committee larva and juvenile, and the effect of realization is to help most idiosomes Completely out egg membrane, demoulding rate reach 95% or more.
Example 4, application artificial Tibet Autonomous Region's animal husbandry academy of sciences academy of aquatic sciences, application No. is CN201820610981.5, invention and created name are that a kind of utility model of cultivating system for raising and train wild blackspot Yuan Select-Committee parent population is special Benefit, it discloses following contents: in order to realize raising and train for wild blackspot Yuan Select-Committee, providing one kind and raises and train wild blackspot Yuan Select-Committee parent population Cultivating system, emulated ecological environment effectively improves blackspot Yuan Select-Committee parent population and raises and train and conservation survival rate.Technical solution is: cultivation System, including filtering ponds, oxygenation pond, temperature control device and aquaculture pond;The water inlet of the water outlet connection oxygenation pond of filtering ponds, oxygenation The water outlet in pond connects the water inlet of the temperature control device, and the water outlet of temperature control device connects the water inlet of the aquaculture pond, supports Grow the water inlet of the water outlet connection filtering ponds in pond;Aquaculture pond bottom is equipped with the arcuate channels current for parent population.This system passes through Arcuate channels are laid at aquaculture pond bottom, simulate the cave in natural ecological environment, accurate temperature controlling is realized using temperature control device, it can The effectively generation of control blackspot Yuan Select-Committee saprolegniasis saves water, effectively improves blackspot Yuan Select-Committee parent population and raise and train and conservation survival rate, deposits Motility rate can be improved to 90% or more.
To sum up example 4, the object of cultivation are wild blackspot Yuan Select-Committee parent population, and the effect of realization is that survival rate can be improved to 90% More than.
Under the effort of scientific research personnel, during blackspot Yuan Select-Committee incubating oosperm, realize to help most embryos The completely out egg membrane of body, demoulding rate reach 95% or more;Blackspot Yuan Select-Committee parent population raises and train and conservation survival rate, survival rate improve to 90% or more;The survival rate for the fingerling that the fry rearing for cultivating 2~3 age in days of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee is overall length 3cm reaches 80% or more.It is black Ban Yuan Select-Committee juvenile fish is open finally to feed, but but occurs the batch phenomena of mortality when growing to 3.3 centimeters or so.From certain For in kind meaning, the difficulty that scientific research personnel faces at present is that this, and the most important thing of scientific research personnel's work is exactly to break through this A bottleneck, artificial culture go out the blackspot Yuan Select-Committee in 1 age and 2 ages.
Summary of the invention
It has been given below about brief overview of the invention, in order to provide about the basic of certain aspects of the invention Understand.It should be appreciated that this summary is not an exhaustive overview of the invention.It is not intended to determine pass of the invention Key or pith, nor is it intended to limit the scope of the present invention.Its purpose only provides certain concepts in simplified form, Taking this as a prelude to a more detailed description discussed later.
In consideration of it, dead in order to overcome the blackspot Yuan Select-Committee of artificial culture to occur batch when growing to 3.3 centimeters or so The technical issues of dying, the present invention provides a kind of methods that blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture cultivates domestication, obtain artificial culture, flowing water The blackspot Yuan Select-Committee for taming out 1 age and 2 ages is cultivated, further promote rationally to utilize and protects blackspot Yuan Select-Committee resource, promotes Tibet cold The sustainable development of aqueous fish industry.
The method that a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture of the invention cultivates domestication, by water pump groundwater abstraction, through pipeline into Enter husky filter tank, after the filtering for carrying out water body metal ion, solid mineral substance and the fine particle suspended matter in water body, water body passes through Valve enters ultraviolet ray disinfector, carries out water body disinfection sterilization, flows into temperature detection controller, utilizes controller detection, control The water temperature of breeding water body processed, after water temperature controls the lower water temperature for carrying out cultivation setting at 8 DEG C -9 DEG C, it is total that water body flows into water inlet Pipe, water inlet pipe and water distributor, flow through the valve on water distributor, and water body respectively enters in breeding trough through water distributing pore, to blackspot original Select-Committee carries out domesticating and cultivating;It while water body flows into breeding trough, is flowed out through dirt pusher, pushes the water body of cultivation trench bottom to dirt Mouth of a river flowing, conducive to the discharge of cultivation excreta;Oxygenation gas is generated using air pump, by oxygenation nanometer stone to flowing water breeding trough Interior water body carries out oxygenation aeration, is supplemented into the dissolved oxygen of water body in breeding trough;Breeding trough uses simulating natural environment condition, puts Set the rough sand of smooth stone or river;By adjusting water distributing pore direction, change the streamflow regime in breeding trough, to simulate nature Environment flow condition;Breeding water body in breeding trough flows into through the hole on four wall of slot, flows out breeding trough;Outflow breeding water body exists Under the action of dirt pusher, enter in the water level control pipe of flowing water domesticating and cultivating slot through outlet of sewer;Breeding water body is carried out to overflow After stream, enter in drainage pipeline through outlet pipe, completes entire flowing water culture and cultivate domestication process.
The flowing water culture that the above method relies on cultivate domestication system include water pump, husky filter tank, water inlet manifold, water inlet pipe, Water distributor, breeding trough, glass reinforced plastic pond, air pump, oxygenation nanometer stone, ultraviolet ray disinfector, temperature detection controller, dirt push Device, effluent outfall, water level control pipe and outlet pipe;
Multiple breeding troughs are provided in the glass reinforced plastic pond, the side wall of breeding trough is furnished with several gaps, overlapping in breeding trough The coarse sand grain in smooth stone or river is placed, oxygenation nanometer stone is disposed in the glass reinforced plastic pond, air pump generates oxygenation gas Oxygenation aeration is carried out to water body in flowing water cultivating system by oxygenation nanometer stone, the water pump is used to underground water being pumped into husky filter tank Interior, the water outlet of husky filter tank is sequentially connected valve, ultraviolet ray disinfector, temperature detection controller and water inlet manifold, ultraviolet light and disappears Malicious device is sterilized for water body disinfection, and temperature detection controller is used to detect the temperature of control water body, and the water inlet manifold setting exists The top of breeding trough is disposed with multiple water inlet pipes thereon, and the water outlet of water inlet pipe is connected with water distributor, and water distributor is set vertically In in glass reinforced plastic pond and positioned at breeding trough two sides, the bottom of water distributor is provided with dirt pusher, the bottom of pond setting in glass reinforced plastic pond There is effluent outfall, effluent outfall connects water level control pipe, connects outlet pipe on the outer wall of water level control pipe.
Further: the side wall of the breeding trough is furnished with several gaps, specifically: array is provided with multiple rectangles on side wall Hole, the long * wide of the size of rectangular opening are 30mm*1.5mm, and neighbouring rectangle pitch of holes is 2mm, between the adjacent rectangular opening in left and right Away from for 4mm.So set, in the case where preventing juvenile fish from escaping, water distributor water distribution into breeding trough, more vivid simulation is black The growth natural environment of Ban Yuan Select-Committee.
Further: the water distributor has been opened from the top to the bottom multiple water distributing pores, and the multiple water distributing pore is in water distributor On same bus, the water outlet of water inlet pipe is connect by loose joint with water distributor, and water distribution bore dia is 8mm.So set, aperture The adjustable type of attachment of mode combination water distributor changes the streamflow regime in breeding trough, carrys out mould by adjusting water distributing pore direction Quasi- natural environment water flow condition.
Further: the dirt pusher is variable section structure body, and using water (flow) direction as reference, cross section is by circle Transition is rectangle, and the width of outlet end forms flat mouth outlet end, the water outlet route and glass of dirt pusher much larger than height The bottom of pond in steel pond forms 30 degree to 55 degree of angle.So set, water flows through the outflow of dirt pusher, cultivating system bottom is pushed Water body flowed to sewage mouth pipe, conducive to the discharge of cultivation excreta, make the closer of breeding environment and natural environment.
Further: the water inlet end of each water distributor is provided with respective valve.So set, tunable management Each water distributor, by adjusting the aperture regulation water velocity of different valves, the growth natural environment of simulating black Ban Yuan Select-Committee.
Further: the long a height of 1500mm*1200mm*1100mm of * wide * of each breeding trough cultivates height of water level It is set as 900mm, the coarse sand grain overlapping placing height in smooth stone or river is 500mm.So set, adapting to body is a length of 3.3 centimeters of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee cultivation are tamed to the blackspot Yuan Select-Committee in 1 age and 2 ages.
Further: the outlet pipe is connected to drainage pipeline.So set, preventing breeding water body direct emission from causing ring Border pollution.
The utility model has the advantages that
The purpose that the method that a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture of the invention cultivates domestication is established is to break through artificial training There is batch dead technical bottleneck in the blackspot Yuan Select-Committee educated when growing to 3.3cm or so, by diligent research in 3 years, this hair The average body length that bright acquisition artificial culture, flowing water culture tame out blackspot the original Select-Committee, 1 age blackspot original Select-Committee in 1 age and 2 ages reaches 6.25cm, average weight have reached 16.02g, and the average body length of 2 age blackspot original Select-Committee has reached 9.34cm, and average weight reaches 23.07g, the survival rate of 1 age blackspot Yuan Select-Committee have reached 60.23%, and the survival rate of 2 age blackspot Yuan Select-Committee has reached 58.06%.About 1 age of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee, 2 age survival rates are rarely reported in available data, and reason is the blackspot Yuan Select-Committee 1 in a large amount of research cultivation Age, 2 age survival rates are extremely low, and research of the invention has achieved the effect that this field research staff is unexpected, will promote to close Reason utilizes and protection blackspot Yuan Select-Committee resource, the sustainable development of promotion Tibet cold water fishes industry.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the main view that a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture of the present invention cultivates domestication system;
Fig. 2 is the top view (several groups cultivating system is omitted among two groups of cultivating systems) of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged view of breeding trough;
Fig. 4 is the main view of dirt pusher;
Fig. 5 is the top view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the main view of the embodiment of the present invention 2;
Fig. 7 is the top view of Fig. 6.
In figure: water pump 1, husky filter tank 2, water inlet manifold 3, water inlet pipe 4, water distributor 5, breeding trough 6, glass reinforced plastic pond 7, air pump 8, oxygenation nanometer stone 9, ultraviolet ray disinfector 10, temperature detection controller 11, dirt pusher 12, effluent outfall 13, water level It controls in pipe 14, outlet pipe 15, drainage pipeline 16, loose joint 17, the first valve 18, the second valve 19, smooth stone 20, river Coarse sand grain 21.
Specific embodiment
Exemplary embodiment of the invention is described hereinafter in connection with attached drawing.For clarity and conciseness, All features of actual implementation mode are not described in the description.It should be understood, however, that developing any this actual implementation Much decisions specific to embodiment must be made during example, to realize the objectives of developer, for example, symbol Restrictive condition those of related to system and business is closed, and these restrictive conditions may have with the difference of embodiment Changed.In addition, it will also be appreciated that although development is likely to be extremely complex and time-consuming, to having benefited from the present invention For those skilled in the art of disclosure, this development is only routine task.
Here, and also it should be noted is that, in order to avoid having obscured the present invention because of unnecessary details, in the accompanying drawings Illustrate only with closely related apparatus structure and/or processing step according to the solution of the present invention, and be omitted and the present invention The little other details of relationship.
Specific embodiment: it as shown in attached drawing 1-5, cultivates and tames and dociles present embodiments provide for a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture Change system, including water pump 1, husky filter tank 2, water inlet manifold 3, water inlet pipe 4, water distributor 5, breeding trough 6, glass reinforced plastic pond 7, air pump 8, Oxygenation nanometer stone 9, ultraviolet ray disinfector 10, temperature detection controller 11, dirt pusher 12, effluent outfall 13, water level control Tubulation 14, outlet pipe 15 and drainage pipeline 16;
Multiple breeding troughs 6 are provided in the glass reinforced plastic pond 7, the side wall of breeding trough 6 is furnished with several gaps, specifically: it is every The long a height of 1500mm*1200mm*1100mm of * wide * of a breeding trough, cultivation height of water level are set as 900mm, and array is opened on side wall There are multiple rectangular openings, the long * wide of the size of rectangular opening is 30mm*1.5mm, and neighbouring rectangle pitch of holes is 2mm, and left and right is adjacent Rectangle pitch of holes be 4mm;The coarse sand grain in smooth stone or river is placed in overlapping in breeding trough 6, and overlapping placing height is 500mm, oxygenation nanometer stone 9 is disposed in the glass reinforced plastic pond 7, and air pump 8 generates oxygenation gas by oxygenation nanometer stone 9 to flowing water Water body carries out oxygenation aeration in cultivating system, and the water pump 1 is for underground water to be pumped into husky filter tank 2, the water outlet of husky filter tank 2 It is sequentially connected the first valve 18, ultraviolet ray disinfector 10, temperature detection controller 11 and water inlet manifold 3, ultraviolet ray disinfector 10 It is sterilized for water body disinfection, temperature detection controller 11 is used to detect the temperature of control water body, and the setting of water inlet manifold 3 is being supported The top of slot to be grown, is disposed with multiple water inlet pipes 4 thereon, the water outlet of water inlet pipe 4 is connect using loose joint 17 with water distributor 5, Water distributor 5 is vertically placed in glass reinforced plastic pond 7 and is located at 6 two sides of breeding trough, and water distributor 5 has been opened from the top to the bottom multiple water distributing pore 5- On the same bus of water distributor 5, water distribution bore dia is 8mm, the water inlet end of each water distributor 5 by 1, the multiple water distributing pore 5-1 It is provided with respective second valve 19, the bottom of water distributor 5 is provided with dirt pusher 12, and the dirt pusher 12 is to become Cross section structure body, using water (flow) direction as reference, cross section is rectangle by rounded transitional, and the width of outlet end is much larger than height Degree, forms flat mouth outlet end, and the water outlet route of dirt pusher 12 and the bottom of pond in glass reinforced plastic pond 7 form 30 degree to 55 degree of folder Angle;The bottom of pond in glass reinforced plastic pond 7 is provided with effluent outfall 13, and effluent outfall 13 connects water level control pipe 14, water level control pipe Outlet pipe 15 is connected on 14 outer wall, outlet pipe 15 is connected to drainage pipeline 16.
Specific embodiment is that flowing water culture domestication is carried out using underground water, the water flow under simulating natural condition, design stream Water (flow) direction, size and impact position in water breeding trough carry out adjustment appropriate, the water flow of formation according to the requirement of cultivation Environment such as natural conditions state.By 1 groundwater abstraction of water pump, enters husky filter tank 2 through pipeline, carry out water body metal ion, solid After the filtering of fine particle suspended matter in minerals and water body, water body enters ultraviolet ray disinfector 10 by valve, carries out water Body disinfection and sterilization flows into temperature detection controller 11, using controller detection, the water temperature of control breeding water body, through water temperature control After system carries out the lower water temperature of cultivation setting at 8 DEG C -9 DEG C, water body flows into water inlet manifold 3, water inlet pipe 4 and water distributor 5, flows through Valve on water distributor, water body respectively enter in breeding trough 6 through water distributing pore, carry out domesticating and cultivating to blackspot Yuan Select-Committee;Water body flows into It while breeding trough, is flowed out through dirt pusher, the water body of cultivation trench bottom is pushed to flow to sewage mouth, be conducive to cultivation excreta Discharge;Oxygenation gas is generated using air pump 8, oxygenation aeration is carried out to water body in flowing water breeding trough by oxygenation nanometer stone 9, is mended It is charged into the dissolved oxygen of water body in breeding trough;Breeding trough is stainless steel material, interior to use simulating natural environment condition, places light The rough sand breeding environment of sliding stone or river;By adjusting water distributing pore direction, change the streamflow regime in breeding trough, to simulate Natural environment water flow condition;Breeding water body in breeding trough flows into through the hole on four wall of slot, flows out stainless steel breeding trough;Outflow Breeding water body enters in the water level control pipe 14 of flowing water domesticating and cultivating slot under the action of dirt pusher through outlet of sewer;Into After row breeding water body overflow, enters in drainage pipeline 16 through outlet pipe 15, complete entire flowing water culture process.To realize people The flowing water culture of work simulating natural environment condition tames blackspot Yuan Select-Committee.Obtain artificial culture, flowing water culture tames out 1 age and 2 ages The average body length of blackspot original Select-Committee, 1 age blackspot original Select-Committee reached 6.25cm, average weight has reached 16.02g, and average body is a height of 1.12cm, average a length of 1.52cm, the average a length of 1.30cm of caudal peduncle;The average body length of 2 age blackspot original Select-Committee has reached 9.34cm, Average weight has reached 23.07g, the average a height of 1.67cm of body, average a length of 2.27cm, the average a length of 1.95cm of caudal peduncle;1 The survival rate of age blackspot Yuan Select-Committee has reached 60.23%, and physical strong, body surface smooth, mobility is strong, ingests vigorous, 2 age blackspots The survival rate of Yuan Select-Committee has reached 58.06%, and physical strong, body surface smooth, mobility is strong, ingests vigorous.
Embodiment 1: the present embodiment and specific embodiment the difference lies in that eliminating ultraviolet ray disinfector 10 and temperature Controller 11 is detected, dirt pusher 12 is eliminated, water distributor is fixedly mounted, while having adjusted the size of breeding trough, long * The wide a height of 1600mm*1200mm*1200mm of *, cultivation height of water level are set as 1000mm, and array is provided with multiple rectangles on side wall Hole, the long * wide of the size of rectangular opening are 40mm*1.5mm, and juvenile fish is placed in system and is cultivated, in juvenile growth to 2.8cm When, starts dead successively, and juvenile fish is all dead after a week.
Embodiment 2: referring to Fig. 6-7, the difference of the present embodiment and specific embodiment is, placed light in breeding trough Talcum head (stone, cobblestone for washing away in river etc.), the coarse sand grain in river, PE pipe fish shelter with holes, manual simulation are natural These three substances are placed in condition overlapping, generate three kinds of different fish culture living environments.Water flow under simulating natural condition, if The water (flow) direction in flowing water culture slot is counted, adjustment appropriate can be carried out, the water environment of formation is as certainly according to the requirement of cultivation Right cond.Be grouped temperature control: the domestication of blackspot original Select-Committee flowing water culture, in three kinds of different breeding environments, utilization is identical Under water source, identical oxygenation way and water filtration, conditions for sterilization, point 5 temperature gradients are grouped temperature control.Test exists It is carried out in 5 groups of test breeding troughs, temperature gradient is arranged 6 DEG C -7 DEG C;8℃-9℃;10℃-11℃;13℃-14℃;16℃-17 DEG C, it is controlled using the temperature that five groups of refrigeration unit systems carry out flowing water culture, reaches the actual requirement of flowing water culture.Feed is thrown Hello: (nutriment supply) simulates the water treatment method and technology of the cultivating condition of nature flowing water, optimization, flowing water culture is carried out, Implement full artificial culture domestication and carries out blackspot using the form for feeding the bulk cargo that live bait, mixed feed, live bait are mixed with feed Yuan Select-Committee cultivation domestication feeds number and feeding volume according to water temperature condition design.By above method using underground water to blackspot original Select-Committee carries out flowing water culture, within 150 days culture-cycles, effect that flowing water culture has obtained.It is identical using identical water source It is different under the conditions of taking the control of grouping temperature, engineer's different breeding environmental ecology under the conditions of oxygenation way and water treatment The technologies such as feed nutrition substance supply implement full artificial culture domestication.In three kinds of breeding environments of different temperatures gradient, temperature is 8 DEG C -9 DEG C, the high survival rate in smooth stone and coarse sand grain environment is placed in overlapping, and the survival rate of 1 age blackspot Yuan Select-Committee reaches 60.23%, the survival rate of 2 age blackspot Yuan Select-Committee has reached 58.06%, and seed is physical strong, and body surface smooth, mobility is strong, It ingests vigorous.Temperature is 6 DEG C -7 DEG C, and the survival rate in three kinds of environment is below 20.5%.Temperature is 10 DEG C -11 DEG C, three kinds of rings Survival rate in border is below 18.3%, and temperature is 13 DEG C -14 DEG C, and the survival rate in three kinds of environment is below 18.1%.Temperature It is 16 DEG C -17 DEG C, the survival rate in three kinds of environment is below 17.6%.
Although disclosed embodiment is as above, its content is only to facilitate understand technical side of the invention Case and the embodiment used, are not intended to limit the present invention.Any those skilled in the art to which this invention pertains, not Under the premise of being detached from disclosed core technology scheme, any modification and change can be made in form and details in implementation Change, but protection scope defined by the present invention, the range that the appended claims that must still be subject to limits.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of method that blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture cultivates domestication, it is characterised in that: by water pump (1) groundwater abstraction, through pipe Road enters husky filter tank (2), after the filtering for carrying out water body metal ion, solid mineral substance and the fine particle suspended matter in water body, Water body is entered ultraviolet ray disinfector (10) by valve, carries out water body disinfection sterilization, is flowed into temperature detection controller (11), benefit It is detected with controller, the water temperature of control breeding water body, after water temperature controls the lower water temperature for carrying out cultivation setting at 8 DEG C -9 DEG C, Water body flows into water inlet manifold (3), water inlet pipe (4) and water distributor (5), flows through the valve on water distributor, water body is through water distributing pore point Domesticating and cultivating Jin Ru not be carried out to blackspot Yuan Select-Committee in breeding trough (6);While water body flows into breeding trough, through dirt pusher (12) it flows out, pushes the water body of cultivation trench bottom to flow to sewage mouth, conducive to the discharge of cultivation excreta;It is produced using air pump (8) Raw oxygenation gas carries out oxygenation aeration to water body in flowing water breeding trough by oxygenation nanometer stone (9), is supplemented into water body in cultivation Dissolved oxygen;Breeding trough uses simulating natural environment condition, places the rough sand of smooth stone or river;By adjusting water distributing pore Direction changes the streamflow regime in breeding trough, carrys out simulating natural environment flow condition;Breeding water body in breeding trough is through four wall of slot On hole flow into, outflow breeding trough;Breeding water body is flowed out under the action of dirt pusher, is entered flowing water through outlet of sewer and is tamed and dociled In the water level control pipe (14) for changing breeding trough;After carrying out breeding water body overflow, enter in drainage pipeline (16) through outlet pipe (15), It completes entire flowing water culture and cultivates domestication process.
2. the method that a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture according to claim 1 cultivates domestication, it is characterised in that: this method It includes water pump (1), husky filter tank (2), water inlet manifold (3), water inlet pipe (4), cloth that the flowing water culture relied on, which cultivates domestication system, Water pipe (5), breeding trough (6), glass reinforced plastic pond (7), air pump (8), oxygenation nanometer stone (9), ultraviolet ray disinfector (10), temperature detection Controller (11), dirt pusher (12), effluent outfall (13), water level control pipe (14) and outlet pipe (15);
It is provided with multiple breeding troughs (6) in the glass reinforced plastic pond (7), the side wall of breeding trough (6) is furnished with several gaps, breeding trough (6) coarse sand grain in smooth stone or river is placed in overlapping in, is disposed with oxygenation nanometer stone (9), gas in the glass reinforced plastic pond (7) It pumps (8) and generates oxygenation gas by oxygenation nanometer stone (9) to water body progress oxygenation aeration, the water pump in flowing water cultivating system (1) for underground water to be pumped into husky filter tank (2), the water outlet of husky filter tank (2) is sequentially connected valve, ultraviolet ray disinfector (10), temperature detection controller (11) and water inlet manifold (3), ultraviolet ray disinfector (10) are sterilized for water body disinfection, temperature inspection The temperature that controller (11) are used to detect control water body is surveyed, the water inlet manifold (3) is arranged in the top of breeding trough, arranges thereon Have multiple water inlet pipes (4), the water outlet of water inlet pipe (4) is connected with water distributor (5), and water distributor (5) is vertically placed to glass reinforced plastic In pond (7) and it is located at breeding trough (6) two sides, the bottom of water distributor (5) is provided with dirt pusher (12), glass reinforced plastic pond (7) Bottom of pond is provided with effluent outfall (13), and effluent outfall (13) connects water level control pipe (14), outside water level control pipe (14) Outlet pipe (15) are connected on wall.
3. the method that a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture according to claim 2 cultivates domestication, it is characterised in that: described to support The side wall for growing slot (6) is furnished with several gaps, specifically: array is provided with multiple rectangular openings on side wall, and the long * wide of the size of rectangular opening is 30mm*1.5mm, neighbouring rectangle pitch of holes are 2mm, and the adjacent rectangle pitch of holes in left and right is 4mm.
4. the method that a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture according to claim 3 cultivates domestication, it is characterised in that: the cloth Water pipe (5) has been opened from the top to the bottom multiple water distributing pores, and the multiple water distributing pore is on the same bus of water distributor, water inlet pipe (4) water outlet is connect by loose joint with water distributor (5), and water distribution bore dia is 8mm.
5. the method that a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture according to claim 4 cultivates domestication, it is characterised in that: the dirt Object pusher (12) is variable section structure body, and using water (flow) direction as reference, cross section is rectangle, outlet end by rounded transitional Width much larger than height, form flat mouth outlet end, the bottom of pond shape of the water outlet route of dirt pusher (12) and glass reinforced plastic pond (7) At 30 degree to 55 degree of angle.
6. the method that a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture according to claim 5 cultivates domestication, it is characterised in that: described every The water inlet end of a water distributor is provided with respective valve.
7. the method that a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture according to claim 6 cultivates domestication, it is characterised in that: described every The long a height of 1500mm*1200mm*1100mm of * wide * of a breeding trough, cultivation height of water level are set as 900mm, smooth stone or river Coarse sand grain overlapping placing height in road is 500mm.
8. the method that a kind of blackspot Yuan Select-Committee flowing water culture according to claim 7 cultivates domestication, it is characterised in that: it is described go out Water pipe (15) is connected to drainage pipeline (16).
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