CN109665406A - A kind of two-shipper drag device - Google Patents

A kind of two-shipper drag device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109665406A
CN109665406A CN201711297826.9A CN201711297826A CN109665406A CN 109665406 A CN109665406 A CN 109665406A CN 201711297826 A CN201711297826 A CN 201711297826A CN 109665406 A CN109665406 A CN 109665406A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
worm
traction sheave
worm screw
traction
synchronization mechanism
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711297826.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈庆
邓健
李军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shaanxi Xiaoxi Electromechanical Technology Co Ltd
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Shaanxi Xiaoxi Electromechanical Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201710965137 priority Critical
Priority to CN2017109651374 priority
Application filed by Shaanxi Xiaoxi Electromechanical Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shaanxi Xiaoxi Electromechanical Technology Co Ltd
Publication of CN109665406A publication Critical patent/CN109665406A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/16Braking or catch devices operating between cars, cages, or skips and fixed guide elements or surfaces in hoistway or well
    • B66B5/26Positively-acting devices, e.g. latches, knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B11/00Main component parts of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures
    • B66B11/02Cages, i.e. cars
    • B66B11/0226Constructional features, e.g. walls assembly, decorative panels, comfort equipment, thermal or sound insulation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B13/00Doors, gates, or other apparatus controlling access to, or exit from, cages or lift well landings
    • B66B13/02Door or gate operation
    • B66B13/12Arrangements for effecting simultaneous opening or closing of cage and landing doors
    • B66B13/125Arrangements for effecting simultaneous opening or closing of cage and landing doors electrical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B11/00Main component parts of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures
    • B66B11/04Driving gear ; Details thereof, e.g. seals
    • B66B11/08Driving gear ; Details thereof, e.g. seals with hoisting rope or cable operated by frictional engagement with a winding drum or sheave
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B66B1/36Means for stopping the cars, cages, or skips at predetermined levels
    • B66B1/365Means for stopping the cars, cages, or skips at predetermined levels mechanical
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    • B66B11/0293Suspension locking or inhibiting means to avoid movement when car is stopped at a floor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B66B11/043Driving gear ; Details thereof, e.g. seals actuated by rotating motor; Details, e.g. ventilation
    • B66B11/0446Driving gear ; Details thereof, e.g. seals actuated by rotating motor; Details, e.g. ventilation with screw-nut or worm-screw gear
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B13/00Doors, gates, or other apparatus controlling access to, or exit from, cages or lift well landings
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    • B66B13/12Arrangements for effecting simultaneous opening or closing of cage and landing doors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
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    • B66B13/14Control systems or devices
    • B66B13/16Door or gate locking devices controlled or primarily controlled by condition of cage, e.g. movement or position
    • B66B13/165Door or gate locking devices controlled or primarily controlled by condition of cage, e.g. movement or position electrical
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B66B17/12Counterpoises
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    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
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    • B66B5/0006Monitoring devices or performance analysers
    • B66B5/0018Devices monitoring the operating condition of the elevator system
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/0006Monitoring devices or performance analysers
    • B66B5/0037Performance analysers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/0043Devices enhancing safety during maintenance
    • B66B5/005Safety of maintenance personnel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/0087Devices facilitating maintenance, repair or inspection tasks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/0087Devices facilitating maintenance, repair or inspection tasks
    • B66B5/0093Testing of safety devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/021Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions the abnormal operating conditions being independent of the system
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/027Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions to permit passengers to leave an elevator car in case of failure, e.g. moving the car to a reference floor or unlocking the door
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/028Safety devices separate from control system in case of power failure, for hydraulical lifts, e.g. braking the hydraulic jack
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/04Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions for detecting excessive speed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/04Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions for detecting excessive speed
    • B66B5/044Mechanical overspeed governors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/08Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions for preventing overwinding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/16Braking or catch devices operating between cars, cages, or skips and fixed guide elements or surfaces in hoistway or well
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/02Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators responsive to abnormal operating conditions
    • B66B5/16Braking or catch devices operating between cars, cages, or skips and fixed guide elements or surfaces in hoistway or well
    • B66B5/18Braking or catch devices operating between cars, cages, or skips and fixed guide elements or surfaces in hoistway or well and applying frictional retarding forces
    • B66B5/22Braking or catch devices operating between cars, cages, or skips and fixed guide elements or surfaces in hoistway or well and applying frictional retarding forces by means of linearly-movable wedges
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B7/00Other common features of elevators
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B7/00Other common features of elevators
    • B66B7/06Arrangements of ropes or cables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B7/00Other common features of elevators
    • B66B7/06Arrangements of ropes or cables
    • B66B7/08Arrangements of ropes or cables for connection to the cars or cages, e.g. couplings

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of two-shipper drag devices, it solves existing elevator and emergency braking is carried out by band-type brake, it is easy because the enclasping force of band-type brake is insufficient, cause carriage can not fast braking, the defect that braking reliability is low, elevator safety is not high, it include: traction machine, traction sheave, worm gear mechanism, rescue motor and synchronization mechanism.Worm gear is coaxially connected with traction sheave and rotates synchronously in company with traction sheave, and using mechanically operated mode, synchronization mechanism connect with worm screw and worm screw is driven to keep rotating synchronously with worm gear, connect with worm screw, and worm screw rotation is only driven when need to rescue.Worm and wheel engagement constitutes the lockable mechanism of traction sheave, the reliable braking of traction sheave can be realized when elevator device has a power failure or breaks down, it is effectively prevented from carriage to rush to summit or the safety accident at crouching bottom, and passes through rescue motor driven worm screw traction sheave rotation is driven to realize in time and rescue.

Description

A kind of two-shipper drag device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of drag device, especially a kind of two-shipper traction dress with main traction motor and rescue motor It sets.
Background technique
In skyscraper, in order to adapt to the demand of height change, lifting device is a kind of corollary equipment of indispensability, such as electricity Ladder can bring great convenience to user.
Elevator is a kind of using motor as the vertical conveyor of power, also known as vertical lift.Vertical lift is hung equipped with box-like Cabin multiplies people or carrying cargo for tier building.It is automatically controlled from the modernization of earliest first step safety escalator till now Elevator, although the driving of elevator is most or uses traction-type driving mechanism, including one sets by the development of centuries The traction machine in well headroom is set, traction machine connects traction sheave, and hoist ropes is full of on traction sheave, and one end of hoist ropes connects sedan-chair Compartment, the other end of hoist ropes connect the counterweight for balancing car weight.When traction machine driving traction sheave rotation, it is wound around and drags Rub the tractive force of generation between hoist ropes and traction sheave on running wheel, realizes the elevating movement of carriage and counterweight.
In use, the accident of most serious is exactly rapid aerating-holding or the crouching bottom of carriage to elevator, and less serious case leads to passenger's body Body and elevator it is impaired, it is serious to result even in passenger's death.For this purpose, people devise and various lift running safety can be improved Property device and method, wherein most important mode be exactly on traction machine be arranged an Electromagnetic Control arrestment mechanism.Work as electricity Ladder have a power failure or because elevator failure cause control system can not to elevator supply, electromagnet power loss in arrestment mechanism and lose Magnetic power is removed, arrestment mechanism continues to act by the active force of tripping spring at this time, and locking braking can be realized to traction machine; When elevator has electricity, the electromagnet in arrestment mechanism obtain it is electric, to be arrestment mechanism contact to the locking of traction machine, elevator can be normal Operation.
For example, disclosed one kind " elevator traction machine " in Chinese patent literature, notification number CN2401528Y, including Pedestal, motor, worm gear case, worm screw, worm gear shaft, hanging feet, worm gear, traction sheave, arrestment mechanism, one end of the worm gear shaft are equipped with inclined Heart set is equipped with tie-plate in the middle part of worm gear shaft, and tie-plate one end and worm gear are mutually solid, the other end and traction sheave mutually admittedly, in tie-plate and Bearing is respectively set between worm gear and between tie-plate and traction sheave, is equipped with adjustment in a pair of of hanging feet bottom of setting worm gear shaft Gasket.When work, first power on, so that arrestment mechanism is in energized state by control switch, while motor passes through worm screw band Dynamic worm gear operating, and then traction sheave rotation is driven by tie-plate, the rope of winding on the traction sheave can drive lift car Lifting.When carriage runs to scheduled a certain destination, stall motor by actuating control switch, while by brake Structure is dynamic.Braking principle is as follows: when motor power-off, the solenoid valve power loss of arrestment mechanism, the work that a pair of of band-type brake passes through spring force With locking braked wheel, stall motor shaft rapidly by embracing the frictional force between the cap watt and braked wheel explained, to make elevator car Compartment is stabilized ground stop layers.
But the arrestment mechanism of this structure, band-type brake is needed to apply enclasping force, if the enclasping force of band-type brake is insufficient, sedan-chair Compartment can not fast braking be easy to cause in carriage passenger panic there is also lifting moving.And after band-type brake holds braking tightly, scene It cannot achieve and save oneself, need to be carried out external rescue by special rescue personnel by the mechanism of a series of complex, rescue waits Time it is long, than relatively hazardous, the passenger in carriage cannot be rescued the process of rescue at the first time, may be delayed and be rescued The opportunity helped.
Summary of the invention
The present invention solves existing elevator and carries out emergency braking by band-type brake, is easy to make because the enclasping force of band-type brake is insufficient At carriage can not fast braking, the defect that braking reliability is low, elevator safety is not high provides a kind of two-shipper drag device, Energy fast braking when elevator device breaks down, and locking braking directly is carried out by way of a kind of traction sheave locking, it brakes High reliablity can effectively avoid carriage from rushing to summit or the safety accident at crouching bottom.
This invention also solves existing elevators to save oneself, and needs external professional rescue team to be rescued, carriage It is interior waiting for a long time, it is also easy to lose the defect of the first rescue time, a kind of two-shipper drag device is provided, rescue motor is had, It can be saved oneself in carriage by passenger, win for the first rescue time, improve elevator safety.
The specific technical proposal of the invention is: a kind of two-shipper drag device, comprising:
Traction machine, the power source as carriage lifting;
Traction sheave connect with traction machine and is driven by traction machine, and hoist ropes is arranged on traction sheave, and hoist ropes connection carriage is simultaneously led Draw carriage lifting;
Worm gear mechanism, worm gear is coaxially connected with traction sheave and rotates synchronously in company with traction sheave, and worm and wheel engagement is constituted The lockable mechanism of traction sheave;
Motor is rescued, is connect with worm screw, worm screw rotation is only driven when need to rescue, and then drives worm gear to rotate and drive and drags It is mobile that running wheel rotation carries out car deliverance;
Synchronization mechanism, using mechanically operated mode, synchronization mechanism, which connects with worm screw and worm screw is driven to keep synchronous with worm gear, to be turned Dynamic, when elevator runs well, worm and wheel mutually separates always.
A worm gear mechanism is arranged in the present invention, and worm gear and traction sheave are coaxially connected.It is known that worm and gear With self-locking, that is to say, that worm gear is unable to drive worm screw rotation, and worm gear rotation can only be driven by worm screw.For this purpose, of the invention One purely mechanic synchronization mechanism is set to realize that worm and wheel is synchronous, worm and wheel keeps synchronizing, and worm screw would not be right Worm gear causes self-locking, that is to say, that worm gear at this time is to drive by traction machine, and worm screw is then to rely on as traction sheave Synchronous machine drives, worm gear and worm screw are in mutually independent state, hinder so that worm screw be made not formed to the rotation of worm gear Hinder.The power source of synchronization mechanism can come from traction machine, is also possible to can also be from traction sheave from worm gear, certainly, come Worm screw is transferred to from the power source of worm gear and needs to be arranged a clutch, which can break when needing worm screw self-locking Transmission is opened, the difference of power source just needs to design the appropriate transmission ratio of synchronization mechanism, thus to guarantee that worm and gear is synchronous.When being When system has a power failure, worm screw stops operating, and reliable mechanical self-latching can be formed to worm gear, to form reliable system to traction sheave It is dynamic;When traction machine is out of control leads to velocity anomaly, worm gear can not form synchronous with worm screw, and worm screw can hinder worm gear automatically at this time Rotation, to can avoid carriage rapid aerating-holding or crouching bottom.It is known that in the prior art, worm and gear is a kind of with certainly The transmission mechanism of effect is locked, in order to improve safety, the biography of some detectable carriage lifting speeds can be arranged in people on elevator Sensor, to cut off the power when fast lifting occurs in carriage and to brake traction machine.And on the one hand worm and gear of the invention has There is self-locking, while may make up a reliable mechanical sensing device, on the one hand ensures to occur in power failure or traction machine different Traction sheave is reliably braked when reason condition, on the other hand can timely perceive the improper operating of traction machine, and then can be significant Safety when ground hoisting elevator is run.Worm gear of the invention is rotated synchronously in company with traction sheave, and worm screw connection rescue motor, this Locate worm screw load be far smaller than traction sheave load, it may be said that worm screw be equivalent to it is non-loaded, only drive rescue motor electricity Arbor rotation, therefore the safety of synchronization mechanism can be reliable, the carrying means safety formed compared to traction machine and traction sheave Coefficient is higher, therefore synchronization mechanism will not cause reaction to carrying means substantially.Worm and gear of the invention is normal in elevator Not the mechanism of a transmission power when operation, and the facewidth of worm screw can be smaller than the space width of worm gear, therefore worm tooth with There can be a gap between the tooth socket of worm gear, to make to keep discrete state between worm tooth and worm-gear toothing, can avoid worm screw It is generated between worm gear and contacts friction, while reducing isochronous controller to the control accuracy requirement of traction machine, synchronous motor revolving speed, The frequent shutdown of elevator caused by avoiding because of the slight deviations of revolving speed between traction machine, synchronous motor.Certainly this is a kind of optimal Working condition, worm and wheel are not in contact, and would not also generate abrasion and noise etc., and this gap is also beneficial to improve The fault-tolerant ability of elevator, as long as keeping worm and wheel synchronous in fact.The present invention includes a rescue motor, rescues motor It is connected with worm screw, when needing to rescue, starting rescue motor at this time can be by rescuing motor driven worm screw, then by snail Bar drives traction sheave rotation by worm gear to drive worm gear to rotate, and realizes carriage lifting, these can be with first by setting Time is realized, can be Background control, is also possible to control in carriage, to obtain for the first rescue time.Synchronization mechanism uses Mechanically operated mode, high reliablity, failure rate is lower, eliminates automatically controlled, reduces costs, also avoids automatically controlled bring not Ballast.The two-shipper of the application just refers to traction machine and rescue motor.
Preferably, synchronization mechanism connection traction machine and worm screw, input source of the traction machine as synchronization mechanism, worm screw is same Walk the output tail of mechanism.Input source of the traction machine as synchronization mechanism herein, worm gear are to rely on traction machine again to drive, traction Machine drives traction sheave that can slow down by primary, and worm gear has the transmission ratio of setting with worm screw again, therefore synchronization mechanism just needs basis Traction machine and the transmission ratio of worm screw carry out the transmission ratio of final design synchronization mechanism.
Preferably, synchronization mechanism connection traction sheave and worm screw, input source of the traction sheave as synchronization mechanism, worm screw is same Walk the output tail of mechanism.Traction sheave herein is as input source, that is to say, that in the rotation axis of traction sheave be arranged gear or The output mechanisms such as synchronous belt, the transmission ratio of synchronization mechanism will be designed according to the transmission ratio between traction sheave and worm screw at this time.
Preferably, synchronization mechanism includes clutch, when being powered, clutch keeps transmission, when no electricity, Clutch disconnects transmission.Synchronization mechanism includes clutch, and the inertia rotation generated after traction machine braking in this way is not transferred to Worm screw influences final braking so that worm screw be avoided to continue to rotate driving turbine rotation.Increase clutch, clutch can be When traction sheave is braked, synchronization mechanism is directly disconnected, so that worm screw plays self-locking effect to worm gear, it is contemplated that the fortune of elevator Market condition, when elevator is faulty, by elevator with being electrically cut off, therefore clutch is considered as electromagnetic clutch, elevator When having electricity to operate normally, electromagnetic clutch is worked normally, and synchronization mechanism works normally at this time, works as Lift out of order, this When for security consideration, cut off elevator supply, electromagnetic clutch disconnects synchronization mechanism at this time, and worm screw does not have external impetus input pair Worm gear is realized self-locking.
Preferably, synchronization mechanism includes a drive rod, drive rod is parallel with the pivot center of traction sheave, drive rod and snail Between bar by can 90 ° change transmission directions transmission mechanisms connection.The pivot center phase of the pivot center of worm screw and traction sheave Vertically, thus synchronization mechanism include a drive rod and one can 90 ° steering transmission mechanisms, by 90 ° of transmission mechanism turn to after, pass Lever rotation direction identical with traction sheave passes to worm screw.
Preferably, transmission mechanism uses bevel gear pair or worm and gear.
Preferably, the power input of drive rod derives from traction machine, traction machine uses transmitted in both directions structure, one end output It is connect with traction sheave, other end output is connect by gear pair with drive rod.Or other end output passes through synchronous belt and transmission Bar connection.
Preferably, rescue motor is connected with backup power source, the backup power source uses battery or generating electricity from manpower Machine.When elevator operates normally, rescue motor is in no-load condition, that is to say, that rescue motor at this time is not powered, and is rescued Helping motor is free state, and worm screw rotates synchronously under the driving of synchronization mechanism with worm gear, at this point, rescue motor drives in worm screw Under make and follow movement, worm screw will not be operated and be impacted.When elevator failure, such as traction machine operation exception, at this time Elevator supply can be cut off, or is exactly simply elevator power failure, just needs to carry out rescue motor by backup power source at this time short Power supply in time can drive worm screw to rotate to make to rescue motor, and worm screw drives worm gear rotation, and worm gear drives traction sheave rotation, Rescue is realized to carry out leveling by the lifting of traction wire saws carriage, and backup power source can use battery, and battery compares It is convenient, it is also beneficial to simplify structure or backup power source using man-power generator, power generation is carried out by manpower and is supplied to rescue motor Electricity.
Preferably, the generating electricity from manpower mechanism of man-power generator is set to the hiding position in carriage.Man-power generator Position is in the hiding position of carriage, does not influence cab interior space, passenger will not be interfered to stand, and man-power generator is hidden Afterwards, passenger's maloperation in carriage will not occur, certainly, safety device can also be increased herein, so that rescue motor only can be Start when rescue, elevator normal operation will not be influenced there is maloperation.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the reliable braking of traction sheave can be realized when elevator device has a power failure or breaks down, Carriage is effectively prevented to rush to summit or the safety accident at crouching bottom.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of second of embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the third embodiment of the invention;
In figure: 1, traction machine, 2, shaft coupling, 3, traction sheave, 4, rescue motor, 5, worm gear mechanism, 6, encoder, 7, driven Bevel gear, 8, drive bevel gear, 9, drive rod, 10, driven gear, 11, driving gear, 12, worm gear, 13, worm screw, 14, driven Belt wheel, 15, synchronous belt, 16, driving pulley, 17, electromagnetic clutch.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, and in conjunction with attached drawing, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1: a kind of elevator two-shipper drag device (referring to Fig. 1), including traction machine 1, traction sheave 3, worm and gear machine Structure 5, rescue motor 4 and synchronization mechanism.
Traction machine is arranged on the mounting platform at the top of elevator shaft, and the traction machine in the present embodiment uses servo motor, The power resources that servo motor can be gone up and down with precision control revolving speed, traction machine as carriage.Traction machine uses transmitted in both directions knot Structure, one end output is coaxially connected by shaft coupling 2 and traction sheave, and the other end connects synchronization mechanism.The other side of traction sheave passes through Shaft coupling is connect with worm gear mechanism.Be arranged with hoist ropes on traction sheave, one end of hoist ropes around after angle pulley with sedan-chair Compartment is connected, and for the other end of hoist ropes around being connected after angle pulley with counterweight, traction sheave and hoist ropes collectively form traction The action actuating mechanism of carriage lifting.When traction machine output torque is to drive traction sheave to rotate, winding draging on the traction sheave The decline of messenger one end, the other end rises, to draw the lifting of carriage.When the carriage connecting with hoist ropes one end rises, with The hoist ropes other end connection to re-synchronize decline;Conversely, when the cage descending being connect with hoist ropes one end, it is another with hoist ropes One end connection to re-synchronize rise.
Worm gear mechanism includes intermeshing worm gear and worm screw, and worm gear is coaxially connected with traction sheave and in company with traction sheave It rotates synchronously, worm and wheel engagement constitutes the lockable mechanism of traction sheave.When elevator works normally, worm tooth and worm-gear toothing phase point From there are symmetrical gap between worm tooth and worm-gear toothing, the gap is designed as 2mm in the present embodiment, and the gap of 2mm makes snail Bar can have a discontiguous rotational angle with respect to worm gear, so that there is enough fault-tolerant surpluses between worm and wheel, in order to Guarantee that worm screw will not form locking to worm gear, just need to drive worm screw at this time, so that turn of the revolving speed of worm screw and worm gear Speed matches, and worm gear is rotated synchronously in company with traction sheave at this time, and worm screw rotates synchronously, and worm tooth remains and worm-gear toothing phase point From.Worm gear mechanism is connected with encoder 6, and encoder is mainly the rotation for monitoring worm gear, also carries out to the rotation of worm gear anti- Feedback, that is, the working order of traction sheave can be monitored by encoder.
To realize that worm screw is synchronous, the present invention uses mechanically operated synchronization mechanism, in the present embodiment, the power of synchronization mechanism From traction machine.Synchronization mechanism includes a drive rod 9, and drive rod is parallel with the pivot center of traction sheave, drive rod and worm screw Between by can 90 ° change transmission directions transmission mechanisms connection.In the present embodiment can 90 ° change transmission direction transmission mechanism Using bevel gear pair, including intermeshing drive bevel gear 8 and driven wheel of differential 7, drive bevel gear is connected with drive rod, Driven wheel of differential is connected with worm screw.The other end of traction sheave, which is exported, to be connected between end corresponding with drive rod by gear pair It connects, gear pair includes driving gear 11 and driven gear 10, the output axis connection of driving gear and traction sheave, driven gear and is passed End part of movable rod connection, driving gear is parallel with driven gear axis to be engaged.The transmission arm of gear pair and bevel gear pair will be according to draging Rotating ratio between running wheel and worm screw designs, and traction machine drives traction sheave rotation, the rotation of traction sheave synchronous drive worm gear, worm gear There is fixed rotating ratio with worm screw, this is, carries out transmission by synchronization mechanism and needs identical rotating ratio.When event occurs in elevator Hindering, elevator stops power supply at this time, and synchronization mechanism stops transmission, and worm screw is self-locking to worm gear progress, and traction sheave is locked up simultaneously, thus Guarantee that carriage stops.
In order to which when elevator breaks down, the timely of passenger is saved oneself, the present invention devises rescue motor 4, rescues motor and snail Bar connection, rescue motor are connected with backup power source.It rescues motor and only drives worm screw rotation when need to rescue, and then drive snail Wheel rotates and traction sheave rotation is driven to carry out car deliverance movement.It rescues motor and worm screw is coaxially connected, when elevator works normally, Rescue motor is not powered, and rescuing motor at this time will not drive worm screw to rotate, and worm screw is rotated by synchronization mechanism, rescue electricity Machine follows worm screw to be freely rotated.Carriage stops in the case where worm and gear is self-locking after elevator faults, spare when needing to rescue Power supply gives rescue motor power supply, rescue motor driven worm screw rotation, and worm screw drives worm gear rotation, and worm gear drives traction sheave rotation, Traction sheave goes up and down nearest leveling by traction wire saws carriage, achievees the purpose that rescue at the first time.This backup power source can be with It charges in elevator normal course of operation.
Embodiment 2: a kind of elevator two-shipper drag device (referring to fig. 2), including traction machine 1, traction sheave 3, worm and gear machine Structure 5, rescue motor 4 and synchronization mechanism.
Synchronization mechanism includes a drive rod 9, and drive rod is parallel with the pivot center of traction sheave, is led between drive rod and worm screw Cross can 90 ° change transmission directions transmission mechanisms connection.In the present embodiment, can 90 ° change transmission directions transmission mechanisms use Worm and gear, worm gear 12 are connect with the worm screw in worm gear mechanism, worm screw 13 with transmission boom end be connected, drive rod it is another One end is connected by synchronous belt 15 with traction machine output end.The end of drive rod is fixed with driven pulley 14, traction machine output end It is fixed with driving pulley 16, synchronous belt 15 is connected between driving pulley and driven pulley.Traction machine output is transmitted by synchronous belt To drive rod, drive rod drives the worm screw of worm gear mechanism by worm and gear again and keeps the worm gear with worm gear mechanism It rotates synchronously.
Synchronization mechanism, using mechanically operated mode, synchronization mechanism connect with worm screw and worm screw is driven to keep same with worm gear Step rotation, when elevator runs well, worm and wheel mutually separates always.
Description of the other structures of the present embodiment referring to embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3: a kind of elevator two-shipper drag device (referring to Fig. 3) difference from Example 1 is to set on drive rod 9 It is equipped with clutch, the clutch in the present embodiment uses electromagnetic clutch 17, and when being powered, clutch keeps transmission, together It walks mechanism driving worm screw to rotate synchronously, locking will not be caused to worm gear;When no electricity, clutch disconnects transmission.It is same at this time Step mechanism there is no power input, worm screw will not be driven to rotate, worm screw will locking worm gear, finally to traction sheave carry out locking. Remaining structure is referring to embodiment 1.
The above is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention in any way, it is all according to the present invention Technical spirit any simple modification, change and equivalent transformation to the above embodiments, still fall within the technology of the present invention side The protection scope of case.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of two-shipper drag device, characterized by comprising:
Traction machine, the power source as carriage lifting;
Traction sheave connect with traction machine and is driven by traction machine, and hoist ropes is arranged on traction sheave, and hoist ropes connection carriage is simultaneously led Draw carriage lifting;
Worm gear mechanism, worm gear is coaxially connected with traction sheave and rotates synchronously in company with traction sheave, and worm and wheel engagement is constituted The lockable mechanism of traction sheave;
Motor is rescued, is connect with worm screw, worm screw rotation is only driven when need to rescue, and then drives worm gear to rotate and drive and drags It is mobile that running wheel rotation carries out car deliverance;
Synchronization mechanism, using mechanically operated mode, synchronization mechanism, which connects with worm screw and worm screw is driven to keep synchronous with worm gear, to be turned Dynamic, when elevator runs well, worm and wheel mutually separates always.
2. a kind of two-shipper drag device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that synchronization mechanism connects traction machine and worm screw, Input source of the traction machine as synchronization mechanism, worm screw are the output tail of synchronization mechanism.
3. a kind of two-shipper drag device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that synchronization mechanism connects traction sheave and worm screw, Input source of the traction sheave as synchronization mechanism, worm screw are the output tail of synchronization mechanism.
4. a kind of two-shipper drag device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that synchronization mechanism includes clutch, When being powered, clutch keeps transmission, and when no electricity, clutch disconnects transmission.
5. a kind of two-shipper drag device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that synchronization mechanism includes a transmission Bar, drive rod is parallel with the pivot center of traction sheave, between drive rod and worm screw by can 90 ° change transmission direction driver Structure connection.
6. a kind of two-shipper drag device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that transmission mechanism uses bevel gear pair, or Worm and gear.
7. a kind of two-shipper drag device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that traction machine use transmitted in both directions structure, one End output is connect with traction sheave, and other end output is connect by gear pair with drive rod.
8. a kind of two-shipper drag device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that traction machine use transmitted in both directions structure, one End output is connect with traction sheave, and other end output is connect by synchronous belt with drive rod.
9. a kind of two-shipper drag device according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that rescue motor is connected with spare Power supply, the backup power source use battery or man-power generator.
10. a kind of two-shipper drag device according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the generating electricity from manpower mechanism of man-power generator It is set to the hiding position in carriage.
CN201711297826.9A 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of two-shipper drag device Pending CN109665406A (en)

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CN2017109651374 2017-10-17

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CN201711299460.9A Pending CN109665419A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of drag device with manual rescue device
CN201721701152.XU Active CN207792401U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of two-shipper drag device
CN201711297826.9A Pending CN109665406A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of two-shipper drag device
CN201711298667.4A Pending CN109665418A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of elevator traction mechanism
CN201721701151.5U Active CN207792432U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of drag device with manual rescue device
CN201711298668.9A Pending CN109665401A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of elevator emergent rescue mechanism
CN201711424492.7A Pending CN109665395A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Two-shipper towed elevator configured with safety return circuit detection system
CN201721839184.6U Active CN208037803U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with rescue door machine
CN201711425712.8A Pending CN109665426A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 The opposed carrying means of elevator counterweight
CN201711425699.6A Pending CN109665417A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of four door lift car
CN201711425678.4A Pending CN109665403A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of concealed two-shipper drag device of counterweight
CN201721836246.8U Active CN208249599U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator traction mechanism with safety return circuit detection
CN201711423198.4A Pending CN109665412A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of opposed drag device of elevator
CN201711424491.2A Pending CN109665421A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator traction mechanism with safety return circuit detection system
CN201711424490.8A Pending CN109665394A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator traction mechanism with safety return circuit detection
CN201721834750.4U Active CN208544972U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator traction mechanism with safety return circuit detection system
CN201721834840.3U Active CN208103630U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of concealed two-shipper drag device of counterweight
CN201721838853.8U Active CN207827644U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of opposed tracting structure of elevator
CN201721845421.XU Active CN208037781U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 The opposed drag device of elevator
CN201711425732.5A Pending CN109665423A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with rescue door machine
CN201721838714.5U Active CN208037802U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with safety tongs
CN201721839786.1U Active CN207827627U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of counterweight arrangement in elevator traction system
CN201721839185.0U Active CN207827649U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 The opposed carrying means of elevator counterweight
CN201711423217.3A Pending CN109665420A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with safety tongs
CN201711425731.0A Pending CN109665416A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of counterweight arragement construction in elevator traction system
CN201711424564.8A Pending CN109665402A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with manual rescue mechanism
CN201711425682.0A Pending CN109665429A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of gate layer door system based on safety return circuit detection
CN201721838851.9U Active CN207827610U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 The anti-error telephone-moving structure of elevator lifting
CN201721839486.3U Active CN208037765U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with manual rescue mechanism
CN201721834896.9U Active CN208103657U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of four door lift car
CN201711425674.6A Pending CN109665422A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator configured with safety return circuit detection system and manual rescue device
CN201711424501.2A Pending CN109665428A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of elevator door-motor system based on safety return circuit detection
CN201711425687.3A Pending CN109665407A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of two-shipper towed elevator based on safety return circuit detection
CN201721837178.7U Active CN208054690U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator configured with safety return circuit detecting system and manual rescue device
CN201711425729.3A Pending CN109665396A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 The anti-error telephone-moving structure of elevator lifting
CN201721837182.3U Active CN208037768U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of two-shipper towed elevator based on safety return circuit detection
CN201721834837.1U Active CN208631856U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Two-shipper towed elevator configured with safety return circuit detection system
CN201810668905.4A Pending CN109665424A (en) 2017-10-17 2018-06-26 A kind of anti-error shifting self locking elevator of leveling
CN201820989189.5U Expired - Fee Related CN208544986U (en) 2017-10-17 2018-06-26 A kind of anti-error shifting self locking elevator of leveling

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CN201711299460.9A Pending CN109665419A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of drag device with manual rescue device
CN201721701152.XU Active CN207792401U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of two-shipper drag device

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711298667.4A Pending CN109665418A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of elevator traction mechanism
CN201721701151.5U Active CN207792432U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of drag device with manual rescue device
CN201711298668.9A Pending CN109665401A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-08 A kind of elevator emergent rescue mechanism
CN201711424492.7A Pending CN109665395A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Two-shipper towed elevator configured with safety return circuit detection system
CN201721839184.6U Active CN208037803U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with rescue door machine
CN201711425712.8A Pending CN109665426A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 The opposed carrying means of elevator counterweight
CN201711425699.6A Pending CN109665417A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of four door lift car
CN201711425678.4A Pending CN109665403A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of concealed two-shipper drag device of counterweight
CN201721836246.8U Active CN208249599U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator traction mechanism with safety return circuit detection
CN201711423198.4A Pending CN109665412A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of opposed drag device of elevator
CN201711424491.2A Pending CN109665421A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator traction mechanism with safety return circuit detection system
CN201711424490.8A Pending CN109665394A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator traction mechanism with safety return circuit detection
CN201721834750.4U Active CN208544972U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator traction mechanism with safety return circuit detection system
CN201721834840.3U Active CN208103630U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of concealed two-shipper drag device of counterweight
CN201721838853.8U Active CN207827644U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of opposed tracting structure of elevator
CN201721845421.XU Active CN208037781U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 The opposed drag device of elevator
CN201711425732.5A Pending CN109665423A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with rescue door machine
CN201721838714.5U Active CN208037802U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with safety tongs
CN201721839786.1U Active CN207827627U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of counterweight arrangement in elevator traction system
CN201721839185.0U Active CN207827649U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 The opposed carrying means of elevator counterweight
CN201711423217.3A Pending CN109665420A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with safety tongs
CN201711425731.0A Pending CN109665416A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of counterweight arragement construction in elevator traction system
CN201711424564.8A Pending CN109665402A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with manual rescue mechanism
CN201711425682.0A Pending CN109665429A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of gate layer door system based on safety return circuit detection
CN201721838851.9U Active CN207827610U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 The anti-error telephone-moving structure of elevator lifting
CN201721839486.3U Active CN208037765U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of drag device with manual rescue mechanism
CN201721834896.9U Active CN208103657U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of four door lift car
CN201711425674.6A Pending CN109665422A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator configured with safety return circuit detection system and manual rescue device
CN201711424501.2A Pending CN109665428A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of elevator door-motor system based on safety return circuit detection
CN201711425687.3A Pending CN109665407A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of two-shipper towed elevator based on safety return circuit detection
CN201721837178.7U Active CN208054690U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Elevator configured with safety return circuit detecting system and manual rescue device
CN201711425729.3A Pending CN109665396A (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 The anti-error telephone-moving structure of elevator lifting
CN201721837182.3U Active CN208037768U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 A kind of two-shipper towed elevator based on safety return circuit detection
CN201721834837.1U Active CN208631856U (en) 2017-10-17 2017-12-25 Two-shipper towed elevator configured with safety return circuit detection system
CN201810668905.4A Pending CN109665424A (en) 2017-10-17 2018-06-26 A kind of anti-error shifting self locking elevator of leveling
CN201820989189.5U Expired - Fee Related CN208544986U (en) 2017-10-17 2018-06-26 A kind of anti-error shifting self locking elevator of leveling

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