CN109644764A - A kind of field planting method of white tea seedling - Google Patents

A kind of field planting method of white tea seedling Download PDF

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CN109644764A
CN109644764A CN201910053903.9A CN201910053903A CN109644764A CN 109644764 A CN109644764 A CN 109644764A CN 201910053903 A CN201910053903 A CN 201910053903A CN 109644764 A CN109644764 A CN 109644764A
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tea
white tea
white
shoot
transplanting
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CN109644764B (en
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刘仕明
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Guangshan Honesty Industry Development Co Ltd
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Guangshan Honesty Industry Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

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  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
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  • Forests & Forestry (AREA)
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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Wood Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of field planting method of white tea seedling, can plant white tea tree in North China, Central China by the implantation methods, greatly improve the yield of white tea.Specifically, by transplanting, drought resisting is antifreeze, cultivator, fertilizing management and etc. improve survival rate, culture obtains that tree crown is broad, coverage is big, the high-quality white tee tree with good tree crown skeleton and wide intensive picking surface.

Description

A kind of field planting method of white tea seedling
Technical field
The invention belongs to Tea planting fields, and in particular, to a kind of field planting method of white tea seedling.
Background technique
Anji white tea is a kind of rare variation tea kind, belongs to low-temperature sensitive type tealeaves, threshold value is about at 23 DEG C.Tea tree produces The white tea time is very short, or so usual only one moon.By taking the Anji County, Zhejiang Province of source area as an example, spring, because chlorophyll lacks, before Clear and Bright The tender shoots of sprouting is white, and before grain rains, color is gradually light, and majority is in Yu Baise.To before the Summer Solstice after rain, gradually switch to white green alternate Floral leaf.To the summer, bud-leaf reverts to complete green, is no different with general green tea.Just because of Anji white tea be within the specific albefaction phase picking, It processes and makes, so beautiful white is also presented in tea residue, this is the distinctive character of Anji white tea after tealeaves is brewed.
White tea is primarily adapted for use in southern weather conditions at present, for example, the ground such as Zhejiang, Guangxi, we are planted at northern area White tea then has that tea shoot survival rate is low, is not easy the problems such as field planting, to significantly limit white tea yield, is not able to satisfy day The white tea demand that benefit increases, therefore urgently develop that a kind of survival rate is relatively high, and be suitable for the side in Central China, North China's plantation white tea Method, to improve the yield of white tea.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the present invention provides a kind of field planting method of white tea seedling, to solve the above problems.
Specifically, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of field planting method of white tea seedling, for planting white tea tree in North China, Central China comprising following steps:
The line trench digging that paddles is transplanted, is applied fertilizer to the subsoil in the ditch, is sufficiently mixed and be filled with one layer of surface soil, then transplant annual white Tea tea shoot;Wherein, the depth of the ditch is 60~70 cm, width is 60~70 cm;Wherein, transplanting is described annual white Tea tea shoot carried out Cold Acclimation;
The antifreeze white tea tea shoot after transplanting of drought resisting takes covering 45% black shading screen anti glare anti static coatings of light transmittance irradiation, using filling Irrigate keep a full stand of seedings or rationally between the mode made carry out drought resisting, winter carry out envelope root earth up, litter, air port build the mode of the canopy that keeps out the wind into Row is freeze proof, and the height of envelope root ridging is the 1/3~1/2 of the white tea tea shoot height, and spring again pushs grave mound aside, applies organic Fertilizer;
Cultivator is transplanted in first 3 years after the white tea tea shoot, annual 3~4,5~6, each cultivator of 7~August, described in distance White tea tea shoot carries out the shallow plowing of 3~5 cm less than 15 regions cm, other regions carry out the shallow plowing of 6~10 cm;It transplants described white 3~5 years after tea tea shoot, annual autumn carried out cultivator, carried out 5~6 cm's less than 15 regions cm apart from the white tea tea shoot It ploughs shallowly, other regions carry out the deep ploughing of 15~20 cm;
Fertilizing management white tea tea shoot basal dressing after annual 10~November is to transplanting, the 1 of the white tea tea shoot after transplanting~ Apply top dressing respectively in late Febuary~early March, late May~early June within 2 years, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium element quality in top dressing Than for 1:(1~2): (1~2), per hectare apply 30~45 kg of purity nitrogen fertilizer;The 3rd~4 year of the white tea tea shoot is every after transplanting Late Febuary in year~annual early March, late May~early June and early July~mid-July applies top dressing respectively in three times, Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium element mass ratio in top dressing are 2:1:1 or 4:3:3, and per hectare applies 45~90 kg of purity nitrogen fertilizer;Wherein, the base Fertilizer includes organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer;
The method that trimming of being formed three times is taken in tree crown culture carries out tree crown culture, is by the white tea tea shoot cultivation after transplanting Height is less than 65~70 cm and crown width reaches the white tee tree of 100~120 cm.
Based on above-mentioned, the transplanting time of white tea tea shoot yin after the Autumnal Equinox~Frost's Descent or late Febuary~early March rain It;The white tea tea shoot is transplanted by the way of digging the dislocation of cave duplicate rows, and every described 2~3 plants of white tea tea shoot of cave field planting, wherein institute State wide row space 38~42 cm, small 30~35 cm of line-spacing of dislocation plant.
Based on above-mentioned, the step of the transplanting further include: help the white tea tea shoot and directly put in cave, every plant slightly separated, root System keeps extended position, and surface soil is inserted in cave, steady nursery stock is stood, continues to banket, and when banketing to half, compresses the white tea tea shoot The soil of root is in close contact with the soil the root of the white tea tea shoot, then proceedes to banket, and fills out the root of the white tea tea shoot Until at neck, tight soil is then gently stepped on, be disposably watered with water after the white tea tea shoot transplanting, after pouring underwater seep, with thin At grave to the rootstock of the white tea tea shoot;Teeming water 2~3 times again every 7~10 days, to save seedling from damage.
Based on above-mentioned, the step of the transplanting in, the white tea tea shoot be grown in tea shoot nursery 20 on ground~ The tea shoot of 30 cm trims the white tea tea shoot at 15~20cm from the ground before playing transplantation of seedlings.
Based on the field planting method of above-mentioned white tea seedling, further include the steps that final singling full stand, the step of the final singling full stand Include: the white tea tea shoot after transplanting through current growth, carry out benefit cultivation to the 2nd year 2 below the moon~early March, mend cultivating method and It is identical to mend the step of cultivation tea shoot is with the transplanting.
Based on above-mentioned, the method for being formed trimming three times include: after transplanting the white tea tea shoot grow to a full age Or two full age stem thickness be greater than 0.3 cm, highly for 25~30 cm and when having 1-2 branch, carry out sizing for the first time and trim, from Major branch is cut off at 10~15 cm of ground, side shoot is not cut, and tea tree height≤20 cm after sizing trimming for the first time there are 3~15 points Branch, hat width >=30 centimetre;The trimming next year of sizing for the first time carries out second of sizing trimming, cuts across at liftoff 25~30 cm, the Tea tree height≤40 cm after secondary sizing trimming, hat width are 25~30 cm;It is fixed that second of sizing trimming next year carries out third time Type trimming, tea tree height is 60~70 cm at this time, is cut across at liftoff 35~45 cm.
Based on above-mentioned, in the trimming of sizing three times;It takes and is carried out by strain by branch with seacteur, select lateral bud outside It is cut under position.
Based on above-mentioned, the fertilizing management the step of in, the base manure and the top dressing are all made of trench digging or dig cave and apply Add, cover soil after applying immediately, cave, transplanting are ditched from 10~15 cm of rootstock or dug in the 1st~2 year of the white tea tea shoot after transplanting Cave is ditched apart from 20~30cm of rootstock or dug in 3~4 years of the white tea tea shoot afterwards, and the base manure trench digging or digging acupoint depth are 20 ~30 cm, the top dressing trench digging or digging acupoint depth are 8~14 cm.
Based on above-mentioned, the step of the trimming of sizing three times in, after trimming spray insecticide every time and according to 15~20 Kg/ mus of dosage trench digging imposes instant nitrogenousfertilizer.
It further include being filled a vacancy by merger or the fill a vacancy method returned of tea shoot carries out based on the field planting method of above-mentioned white tea seedling The step of merger after-culture.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has substantive distinguishing features outstanding and marked improvement.Specifically, the present invention mentions The field planting method of the white tea seedling of confession comprising transplanting, drought resisting is antifreeze, cultivator, fertilizing management, tree crown culture, In, annual white tea tea shoot used in transplanting process passes through Cold Acclimation, while also passing through the antifreeze processing of drought resisting after transplanting, Preventing white tea seedling, in the dry high temperature in the north, drought is dead and severe winter freezes to death, and plants white tea tree in North China, Central China to realize, and The survival rate of white tea tree is promoted to 70%~90% by 40%~50%;In addition, the white tea tea planted by the above method The tree crown of tree is broad, coverage is big, with good tree crown skeleton and wide intensive picking surface, is a kind of high-quality white tee tree, To greatly improve the yield of white tea.
Specific embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, technical scheme of the present invention will be described in further detail.
The present embodiment provides a kind of field planting methods of white tea seedling, carry out white tea kind in Xinyang City, Henan Province Guangshan County It plants, survival rate can reach 90% comprising following steps:
1. transplanting
The line that paddles trench digging, applies fertilizer to the subsoil in the ditch, sufficiently mixes and be filled with one layer of surface soil, be filled to 20 cm from the ground, then transplant Annual white tea tea shoot;Wherein, the depth of the ditch is 60~70 cm, width is 60~70 cm;The preferred white tea Tea shoot is the tea shoot cultivated in nursery through 1 year, and growing height is 20~30 cm, and lifting is easy, and is not easy to hurt root, cultivation is again easy It survives;In addition, first being trimmed at liftoff 15~20 before lifting, moisture evaporation can be reduced, was not only easily survived convenient for transplanting.White tea tea Seedling has dug best band soil, and such as without soil, white tea tea shoot root system can be stained with a little dilute yellow muds;In terms of transplanting time, preferably take in the autumn Season or early spring, autumn transplant between the Autumnal Equinox~Frost's Descent, have stopped relatively in this period aerial part, and root growth positive value In vigorous period, root regeneration growth is fast after transplanting, high survival rate;Early spring transplanting is generally in or so the Waking of Insects (3rd solar term) in 2~March, preferably wet weather Longer period is advisable with the morning and evening cloudy after rain;Plant aspect preferably manually pulls strings and digs the dislocation plant of cave duplicate rows, i.e., Triangle plant, wide row space 40 cm, small 33 cm of line-spacing (hill spacing).
Every cave is colonized 2~3 plants of strong sprout, and when plant takes 2~3 plants of tea shoots on the other hand, helps and directly puts in cave (or ditch), every plant is slightly divided It opens, root system will keep extended position, and the other hand inserts surface soil in cave, stands steady nursery stock, continues to banket, and when banketing to half, use Hand compresses the soil of root, is in close contact with the soil root, is then further continued for banketing;Until filling out at the rootstock of white tea tea shoot, Then tight soil is gently stepped on foot.Water is disposably watered with after plant white tea tea shoot, it is preferred that root-growing agent is added in water;To institute After pouring underwater seep, it is sealed at tea shoot rootstock with fine earth, prevents soil water evaporation;Regard weather conditions every 7~10 days again simultaneously Teeming water 2~3 times, to save seedling from damage.In addition, the rootstock of plant white tea tea shoot is level with the ground.Multiple adventitious root, ground if too deep Upper part is not easy to extend upwards;It crosses on shallow root neck exposed ground, absorption root is impacted, is easy withered.
Wherein, the white tea seedling transplanted in the step passes through Cold Acclimation, and specific method includes: late June or early July Start, first 15 d of balanced growth under the conditions of 15~16 DEG C of temperature, 1.3 klux of light intensity, 8 h/d of illumination, then temperature rises to 25 Under the conditions of~26 DEG C, 2.4 klux of light intensity, 9 h/d of illumination, 10 d are tamed, then temperature rises to 35~36 DEG C, 5 klux of light intensity, Under the conditions of 12 h/d of illumination, 21 d are tamed, then near 31~32 DEG C of temperature, under the conditions of 5 klux of light intensity, 12 h/d of illumination, tamed and dociled Change 10 d, then temperature is down to 21~22 DEG C, 2.5 klux of light intensity, and 10 h/d condition of illumination tames 15 d, and then temperature is down to 14~15 DEG C, 1.4 klux of light intensity, 8 h/d condition of illumination tames 21 d, and then temperature is down to 4~5 DEG C, 1.3 klux of light intensity, Under the conditions of 7 h/d of illumination, 10 d are tamed, then temperature is down under the conditions of -5~-4 DEG C, 1.3 klux of light intensity, 7 h/d of illumination, is tamed and dociled Change 30 d, then temperature is down under the conditions of -10~-9 DEG C, 0.7 klux of light intensity, 7 h/d of illumination, tames 10 d.By above-mentioned anti- After cold exercise, the cold tolerance of the white tea seedling is improved significantly, and reduces the death rate in winter and spring.
2. final singling full stand
The white tea tea shoot of transplanting, it is necessary to guarantee that white tea tea shoot is complete, after transplant planting, by growing in summer current year, two season of autumn, arrive When temperature is stablized between in late Febuary, the 2nd~early March, work of filling a vacancy is carried out, the dense degree of the tea of guarantor unit's area is mended and planted With the same age of tree, with the tea shoot of kind, it is consistent to be allowed to growing way, and it is identical with method for transplanting to mend cultivating method.
3. drought resisting is antifreeze
In order to adapt to boreal climate, need to carry out that drought resisting is antifreeze, specifically, the top of the white tea tea shoot after transplanting, takes The irradiation of 45% black shading screen anti glare anti static coatings of light transmittance is covered, prevents white tea tea shoot from being dried up;To insert branch shade or tea place in the ranks Face litters water conservation and takes precautions against drought, and the mode for generalling use irrigation and seedling protection carries out drought resisting;Winter carries out envelope root and earths up, litters, taking in air port It is freeze proof to build the canopy that keeps out the wind, wherein it is that white tea seedling is warming that the height of envelope root ridging, which is the 1/3~1/2 of the white tea tea shoot height, the spring Season again pushs grave mound aside, applies organic fertilizer, improves ground temperature, enhances cold tolerance;It in the ranks litters not only in white tea tea place in summer Play effect sun-proof, that winter is antifreeze, moreover it is possible to play prevention weed growth, while be also used as the life that fertilizer is white tea tea shoot It is long that nutrition is provided;Furthermore it is also possible to take precautions against drought keeping a full stand of seedings between passing through rationally, preferably short bar legume such as peanut, soya bean, silkworm Beans, clover, and planting density is moderate, plants outside 30 cm of planting distance white tea tea shoot two sides, short bar legume usually has fixed nitrogen energy Power promotes the growth of white tea tea shoot so it can also prevent soil nutrient to be lost other than it can be used to take precautions against drought and keep a full stand of seedings, in addition, After short bar legume is mature, branches and leaves etc. can also directly be layered on tea place bottom surface in the ranks, for winter cold-resistant or as fertilizer.
4. cultivator
Young tea plantations cultivator is preferably shallowly unsuitable deep, avoid causing soil erosion or damage root system, by loosen the soil with for the purpose of cleared weeds, After transplanting before the white tea tea shoot in 3 years, annual 3~4,5~6, each cultivator of 7~August are less than apart from the white tea tea shoot 15 regions cm carry out the shallow plowing of 3~5 cm, other regions carry out the shallow plowing of 6~10 cm;After transplanting between 3~5 years, every year Autumn carries out cultivator, the shallow plowing apart from the white tea tea shoot less than 15 regions cm progress, 5~6 cm, and other regions progress 15~ The deep ploughing of 20 cm;Preferably, weeds pull out and take on the other hand that pressing seedling week native the other hand is gently within 15 cm around white tea tea shoot It pulls up, avoids damage to white tea tea shoot.
5. fertilizing management
The white tea tea shoot basal dressing after annual 10~November is to transplanting, 1~2 year of the white tea tea shoot was at 2 months after transplanting The last ten-days period~early March, late May~early June apply top dressing respectively, nitrogen, P elements and potassium element mass ratio in top dressing For 1:(1~2): (1~2), per hectare apply 30~45 kg of purity nitrogen fertilizer;(3~4 years the 3rd~4 year of the white tea tea shoot after transplanting Raw white tea treelet) in annual mid-March~annual late March, late May~early June and early July~mid-July point Apply top dressing respectively three times, nitrogen, P elements and potassium element mass ratio are 2:1:1 or 4:3:3 in top dressing, and per hectare applies purity nitrogen 45~90 kg of fertilizer;Wherein, the base manure includes organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer, it is preferred that the organic fertilizer be barnyard manure, compost or Cake fertilizer, in terms of dosage, 1500~2250 kg of annual per hectare barnyard manure, 15000~22500 kg of compost or cake fertilizer, with applying phosphorus Sour 225~375 kg of calcium, 150~225 kg of potassium sulfate;4~5 years raw white tea treelets apply top dressing time and ratio with 3~ Raw white tea treelet is identical within 4 years, and per hectare applies 60~135 kg of purity nitrogen fertilizer, applies phosphorus, potash fertilizer by above-mentioned three essential fertilizer ratio.It is preferred that , base manure, top dressing will ditch or dig cave and apply down, cover soil after applying immediately, it is not too near to root, in order to avoid digging injury root system.1~ 2 years raw tea shoots, from 10~15cm of rootstock, 3~4 years raw tea trees are apart from 20~30 cm of rootstock;Tea tree more than life in 4 years, tentatively Tree crown is formed, can vertically locate trench digging in tree crown outer rim and apply.The grasp of fertilization depth, organic fertilizer volume is big, decomposes slowly, ditch cave is preferably dug Deep, general 20~30 cm is obtained, spraying fertilizer is general to dig 10 cm.Purity nitrogen fertilizer is the element N contained only in element N, P, K, Without element P, K, such as ammonium nitrate or purity nitrogen fertilizer.
6. merger after-culture
White tea tea shoot survival rate is not achieved absolutely due to various reasons, has part plot tea tree sparse in tea place, lack clump compared with It is more, it is fragmentary to disperse, garden phase is not only influenced, also easily causes weedy tea garden management difficulty to increase input at high cost, also causes tea Leaf low yield.Therefore, in order to improve tea place planting density, changing group structure is that tea place high yield needs to carry out merger after-culture.
Merger after-culture includes that merger fills a vacancy and fills a vacancy with tea shoot.It is exactly that the tea tree in same tea place is dug one that merger, which is filled a vacancy, Point, transplanting merger is carried out, the tea tree in the identical other field of the identical growing way of kind can also be dug, and is sporadicly in flakes, to change clump cultivation Item is planted, and fritter is bulk.Major technique key is: deep pruning, band are native, urgent, water.
7. tree crown culture
The method for taking trimming of being formed three times carries out tree crown culture, white tea tea shoot described after transplanting is cultivated as height less than 65~ 70 cm and crown width reach the white tee tree of 100~120 cm, greatly improve tea bush productivity;Specifically, described after transplanting White tea tea shoot grows to a full age or two full age stem thicknesses and is greater than 0.3 cm, is highly 25~30 cm, there is 1-2 branch, progress the One-step building trimming, cuts off major branch at 10~15 cm from the ground, and side shoot is not cut, and tea tree height after trimming of being formed for the first time≤ 20 cm have 3~15 branches, hat width >=30 centimetre;The trimming next year of sizing for the first time carries out second of sizing trimming, liftoff It is cut across at 25~30 cm, tea tree height≤40 cm after second of sizing trimming, hat width is 25~30 cm;Second of sizing is repaired It cuts and carries out third time sizing trimming latter year, tea tree height is 60~70 cm at this time, is cut across at liftoff 35~45 cm.It is preferred that , it takes and is carried out by strain by branch with seacteur, cut under the position for selecting lateral bud outside.In addition, the step of the trimming of being formed three times In rapid, insecticide is sprayed after trimming every time and imposes instant nitrogenousfertilizer, specific nitrogen according to 15~20 kg/ mus of dosage trench digging Fertilizer can use urea, and insecticide uses Bt preparation.The Bt preparation and instant nitrogenousfertilizer of conventional commercial can be used in Bt preparation and instant nitrogenousfertilizer.
8. picking
Tea tree is in the growth of every wheel young sprout to assist sizing to trim and the tea picking mode of progress after young plant reaches 3~4 years It will terminate, and when 5~6 leaves of young sprout lamina, adopt bud two (three) leaf, leave three or four great Ye of base portion.Topping picking is wanted Neck is " mining height support low, adopt top and stay side ", the purpose is to promote branch, cultivates tree crown.
Finally it should be noted that: the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical scheme of the present invention and are not intended to be limiting thereof;To the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to preferred embodiments for pipe, it should be understood by those ordinary skilled in the art that: still It can modify to a specific embodiment of the invention or some technical features can be equivalently replaced;Without departing from this hair The spirit of bright technical solution should all cover within the scope of the technical scheme claimed by the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of field planting method of white tea seedling, for planting white tea tree in North China, Central China comprising following steps:
The line trench digging that paddles is transplanted, is applied fertilizer to the subsoil in the ditch, is sufficiently mixed and be filled with one layer of surface soil, then transplant annual white Tea tea shoot, the white tea seedling carried out Cold Acclimation in cultivating process;Wherein, the depth of the ditch is 60~70 cm, width is 60~70 cm;
The antifreeze white tea tea shoot after transplanting of drought resisting takes covering 45% black shading screen anti glare anti static coatings of light transmittance irradiation, using filling Irrigate keep a full stand of seedings or rationally between the mode made carry out drought resisting, winter carry out envelope root earth up, litter, air port build the mode of the canopy that keeps out the wind into Row is freeze proof, and the height of envelope root ridging is the 1/3~1/2 of the white tea tea shoot height, and spring again pushs grave mound aside;
Cultivator is transplanted in first 3 years after the white tea tea shoot, annual 3~4,5~6, each cultivator of 7~August, described in distance White tea tea shoot carries out the shallow plowing of 3~5 cm less than 15 regions cm, other regions carry out the shallow plowing of 6~10 cm;It transplants described white 3~5 years after tea tea shoot, annual autumn carried out cultivator, carried out 5~6 cm's less than 15 regions cm apart from the white tea tea shoot It ploughs shallowly, other regions carry out the deep ploughing of 15~20 cm;
Fertilizing management white tea tea shoot basal dressing after annual 10~November is to transplanting, the 1 of the white tea tea shoot after transplanting~ Apply top dressing respectively in late Febuary~early March, late May~early June within 2 years, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium element quality in top dressing Than for 1:(1~2): (1~2), per hectare apply 30~45 kg of purity nitrogen fertilizer;The 3rd~4 year of the white tea tea shoot is every after transplanting Late Febuary in year~annual early March, late May~early June and early July~mid-July applies top dressing respectively in three times, Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium element mass ratio in top dressing are 2:1:1 or 4:3:3, and per hectare applies 45~90 kg of purity nitrogen fertilizer;Wherein, the base Fertilizer includes organic fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer and potash fertilizer;
The method that trimming of being formed three times is taken in tree crown culture carries out tree crown culture, is by the white tea tea shoot cultivation after transplanting Height is less than 65~70 cm and crown width reaches the white tee tree of 100~120 cm.
2. the field planting method of white tea seedling according to claim 1, which is characterized in that when the transplanting of the white tea tea shoot Between it is cloudy after the rain in the Autumnal Equinox~Frost's Descent or 2~March;The white tea tea shoot is transplanted by the way of digging the dislocation of cave duplicate rows, every cave It is colonized 2~3 plants of the white tea tea shoot, wherein wide row space 38~42 cm, small 30~35 cm of line-spacing of the dislocation plant.
3. the field planting method of white tea seedling according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the step of transplanting also wraps It includes: the white tea tea shoot being helped and is directly put in cave, every plant slightly separated, and root system keeps extended position, and surface soil is inserted in cave, steady seedling is found Wood continues to banket, and when banketing to half, compresses the soil of white tea tea shoot root, makes the root and soil of the white tea tea shoot It is in close contact, then proceedes to banket, until filling out at the rootstock of the white tea tea shoot, then gently step on tight soil, the white tea It is disposably watered with water after tea shoot transplanting, after pouring underwater seep, is sealed to fine earth at the rootstock of the white tea tea shoot, at interval of 7 ~10 days, then teeming water 2~3 times, to save seedling from damage.
4. the field planting method of white tea seedling according to claim 3, which is characterized in that in the step of the transplanting, institute Stating white tea tea shoot is the tea shoot that 20~30 cm on ground are grown in tea shoot nursery, before playing transplantation of seedlings, from the ground 15~ The white tea tea shoot is trimmed at 20cm.
5. the field planting method of white tea seedling according to claim 4, which is characterized in that further include the step of final singling full stand Suddenly, the step of final singling full stand include: transplanting after the white tea tea shoot through current growth, mended to the 2nd year 2~March It plants, mend cultivating method and mends the step of cultivation tea shoot is with the transplanting and is identical.
6. the field planting method of white tea seedling according to claim 4 or 5, which is characterized in that the sizing trimming three times Method include: after transplanting the white tea tea shoot grow to a full age or two full age stem thicknesses be greater than 0.3 cm, highly for 25~ 30 cm are trimmed with sizing for the first time when having 1-2 branch, is carried out, and major branch is cut off at 10~15 cm from the ground, and side shoot is not cut, Tea tree height≤20 cm after sizing trimming for the first time, there is 3~15 branches, hat width >=30 centimetre;Sizing trimming next year for the first time Second of sizing trimming is carried out, is cut across at liftoff 25~30 cm, tea tree height≤40 cm after second of sizing trimming, hat width For 25~30 cm;Second sizing trimming next year carried out third time sizing trimming, and tea tree height is 60~70 cm at this time, from It is cut across at 35~45 cm of ground.
7. the field planting method of white tea seedling according to claim 4 or 5, which is characterized in that repaired in the sizing three times In cutting;It takes and is carried out by strain by branch with seacteur, cut under the position for selecting lateral bud outside.
8. the field planting method of white tea seedling according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the fertilizing management the step of In, the base manure and the top dressing are all made of trench digging or dig cave and apply, and cover soil after applying immediately, the white tea tea shoot after transplanting 2nd year, cave is ditched or dug from 10~15 cm of rootstock, 3~4 years of the white tea tea shoot, are opened apart from 20~30cm of rootstock after transplanting Ditch digs cave, and the base manure trench digging or digging acupoint depth are 20~30 cm, and it is 8~14 cm that acupoint depth is ditched or dug in the top dressing.
9. the field planting method of white tea seedling according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the step of the trimming of being formed three times In rapid, insecticide is sprayed after trimming every time and imposes instant nitrogenousfertilizer according to 15~20 kg/ mus of dosage trench digging.
10. the field planting method of white tea seedling according to claim 7, which is characterized in that further include being filled a vacancy by merger Or tea shoot is filled a vacancy the method returned the step of carrying out merger after-culture.
CN201910053903.9A 2019-01-21 2019-01-21 Large-field planting method for white tea seedlings Active CN109644764B (en)

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