CN109488076A - The translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type and the managing system of car parking for using the garage - Google Patents

The translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type and the managing system of car parking for using the garage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109488076A
CN109488076A CN201910040959.0A CN201910040959A CN109488076A CN 109488076 A CN109488076 A CN 109488076A CN 201910040959 A CN201910040959 A CN 201910040959A CN 109488076 A CN109488076 A CN 109488076A
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China
Prior art keywords
parking
module
garage
vehicle
management
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Granted
Application number
CN201910040959.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109488076B (en
Inventor
李建勇
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Dezhou Career Technical College (dezhou Technician College)
Dezhou Vocational and Technical College
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Dezhou Career Technical College (dezhou Technician College)
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Priority to CN201910040959.0A priority Critical patent/CN109488076B/en
Publication of CN109488076A publication Critical patent/CN109488076A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/02Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars
    • E04H6/06Small garages, e.g. for one or two cars with means for shifting or lifting vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H6/00Buildings for parking cars, rolling stock, aircraft, vessels or like vehicles, e.g. garages
    • E04H6/42Devices or arrangements peculiar to garages, not covered elsewhere, e.g. securing devices, safety devices, monitoring and operating schemes; centering devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q10/00Administration; Management
    • G06Q10/02Reservations, e.g. for tickets, services or events
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/14Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas
    • G08G1/141Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas with means giving the indication of available parking spaces
    • G08G1/144Traffic control systems for road vehicles indicating individual free spaces in parking areas with means giving the indication of available parking spaces on portable or mobile units, e.g. personal digital assistant [PDA]

Abstract

The translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type and the managing system of car parking for using the garage, by vehicle frame, vehicle-carrying plate, lifting cylinder and driving mechanism composition, the piston rod top end of each lifting cylinder is connected with a support rod, lifting cylinder bottom is fixed on translation slide bar, translation slide bar translates on bottom of frame guide rail, worm and gear self-locking mechanism built in the decelerating motor of driving mechanism, decelerating motor drives translation slide bar to move in guide rail by drive rod by driving wheel through driving chain, parking system of the present invention includes Subscriber Management System, cloud data management system, ultrasonic stall guides system, daily management system and parking stall cellular subscription system.Upper layer and lower layer parking in garage of the present invention realizes non-interference;Two-layer garage hydraulic system realizes that two layers of horizontal raising and lowering of parking plate improve the stability and safety of process, the parking pressure of beta site can be effectively relieved while realizing accessible parking by the cooperation of hydraulic cylinder and vehicle frame.

Description

The translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type and the managing system of car parking for using the garage
Technical field
The present invention relates to city parking apparatus technical fields, and in particular to a kind of translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type and use The managing system of car parking in the garage.
Background technique
Multi-storied parking equipment, and stereo garage can be referred to as, it is formed using mechanically and electrically system, for accessing The equipment of vehicle, earliest multi-storied parking equipment appear in west American-European countries;Along with the fast development of China's economic, and The paces that car enters family are accelerated, urban cells, enterprises and institutions' parking also more crowded confusion, the garage in city Also the mode parked at random is mostly used greatly, and vehicle puts confusion, and space utilization rate is low, and pick-up is parked waiting for a long time in the presence of avoiding The problem of, become city management problem urgently to be resolved, multi-storied parking equipment is the big sharp weapon for solving city parking problem;But It is applied to the multi-storied parking equipment in city at present, is all asked in the presence of structure is complicated, equipment cost is high and evacuation is waiting for a long time Topic, common mechanical three-dimensional parking device is lifting cross-sliding type, requires to pass through parked vehicle when picking up the car, parking Traversing and lifting action vacates access, otherwise can not park or pick up the car, and energy consumption is high, easily occurs scratching unhook problem of colliding with;Plane There is also the same problems for traversing class product;Simple lifting can only park one liang of vehicle, can not avoid, and vehicle below does not drive away nothing Method uses, and limitation is bigger, is generally used for underground garage;Tunnel stacking, land occupation are more, and space utilization rate is low.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type and using the managing system of car parking in the garage, with solution City certainly of the existing technology is parked the difficult problem low with space utilization rate.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type, is made of vehicle frame, vehicle-carrying plate, lifting cylinder and driving mechanism, and vehicle frame has purlin Frame structure, two lifting cylinders are separately positioned at left and right sides of vehicle frame, the piston rod top end of each lifting cylinder and a support Bar is connected, and support rod bottom is fixed on vehicle-carrying plate bottom, and each lifting cylinder bottom is fixed on a translation slide bar, and translation is slided Bar front bottom end installs idler wheel, two translation slide bars sliding translation, driving mechanism on two guide rails of bottom of frame or so respectively Decelerating motor be mounted on vehicle frame, worm and gear self-locking mechanism built in decelerating motor, decelerating motor by driving wheel by with The driving wheel of engagement connection drive drive rod rotation, be driven the guide wheel of boom end and driven by driving chain and translate slide bar and leading It is moved in rail.
For above-mentioned carrier vehicle front edge of board setting inclined plate to facilitate vehicle or more, two limiting slots, two rotations are arranged in vehicle-carrying plate rear end Turn fender rod to be connected in respectively in corresponding limiting slot.
The lifting cylinder of the translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type of the present invention has primarily served two layers of support garage and steady decline Effect.In two layers of docking process, the lifting of lifting cylinder and the rate synchronization of transmission chain, in this way during parking Two layers can be kept always in level, ensure that parking safety.When parking, two-layer garage is moved integrally, and extension end is by hydraulic Cylinder support, offset end are supported by driving chain, keep two rate synchronizations, and first is synchronized into lateral shift, and second It is that VTOL is synchronous after offsetting out, bottom of frame is provided with guide rail, and two layers of vehicle-carrying plate leads under the support of hydraulic cylinder It crosses and is welded with the translation slide bar of idler wheel and moves along the rail.Vehicle-carrying plate is completed pure by the cooperation of rotation fender rod and its limiting slot The protective plate of mechanization is rotated up and down.When vehicle-carrying plate get on or off the bus land when, vehicle-carrying plate puts down to get on or off the bus and provide gradient slope Road bounces car body protective action when parking plate is rotated when moving in midair on fender rod.Entire mechanism by rotation fender rod from Row triggering, limits its movement using limiting slot.Speed reducer is slowed down by worm and gear and gear set to be acted on chain transmitting, will be turned round Square is transferred to drive rod, is rotated by drive rod band movable sprocket, and sprocket wheel drives chain, and the support frame rear end and chain under parking plate are solid Even, power transmission is completed, is less than the equivalent friction of worm and wormwheel engagement between cog in decelerating motor using the angle of spiral of worm screw Angle, be driven occur as soon as it is self-locking.When the lead angle of worm screw is less than the equivalent friction angle of engagement wheel between cog, mechanism has self-locking Property is, it can be achieved that reverse self-locking, i.e., can only be driven worm gear by worm screw, and cannot drive worm screw by worm gear.
Using the region managing system of car parking of the translatable two-layer garage of above-mentioned self-locking type, including Subscriber Management System, cloud End data management system, ultrasonic stall guidance system, daily management system and parking stall cellular subscription system, user management system System is made of system manager's module, administrator module and parking line module, and cloud data management system is by user data Manage module, data processing module and server data processing module composition, ultrasonic stall guide system by parking stall guiding module, Parking stall real-time monitoring module and parking space information collection module composition, daily management system is by information management module and parking space information pipe Module composition is managed, parking stall cellular subscription system is made of interface alternation module, network transmission module and order management module.
Resident of the parking management system of the present invention in cell can directly carry out parking stall by mobile phone and make a reservation for, when mobile phone is used After family issues parking stall predetermined request, request will be received and processed by cloud platform, and cloud platform will carry out parking stall inspection after receiving request Rope selects suitable parking stall and feeds back to mobile phone user, if mobile phone user makes a reservation for successfully, cloud platform pushes predetermined message to stopping simultaneously Parking lot user, parking lot user carry out data markers after receiving PUSH message, mobile phone user's vehicle are waited to arrive.Local service Device is responsible for monitoring parking stall state change in real time and be uploaded in cloud platform, by cloud platform classification storage.During control module includes It entreats controller (based on STM32), device-specific bit sets each sensor, travel switch and controller of installation etc..Sensor and Travel switch obtains live signal, passes to motor after central controller is handled, then by instruction, to realize to stopping, picked up the car The Automatic Control of journey.The realization of the function mainly passes through the cooperation realization pair of travel switch, optoelectronic switch and photoelectric sensor Sweep position detects and controls.Photoelectric sensor real-time detection sweep present position, when sweep reaches the limit of position, photoelectricity Sensor and travel switch timely feedback, and the processing through central controller leaves the motor off work, guarantee the normal fortune of equipment Row.Design work voltage is 380 V, and electric voltage frequency is 50 Hz.Working environment is -15 ~ 40 DEG C, meets the ring in most of areas Border demand.Speed reducer is cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer, and single machine transmission, reduction ratio is between 6 to 87.It is general to select 35,43,59 etc. Reduction ratio is more appropriate, and service efficiency is generally 90% or more, and for transmission efficiency generally 94% or more, occupied area is smaller and is driven Effect is preferable.The center of gravity and shaft center that measurement obtains plate can be obtained at a distance of 2 000 mm by 500 kg of model quality calculating To the minimum torque M for rising vehicle, and required torque T=M.Choose speed reducer reduction ratio X1=43, gear ratio X2=40/ of gear 15, service efficiency fb=0.9, so selecting the motor of the kW of output power P=18.5 more appropriate.
Upper layer and lower layer parking in elevating translational garage of the present invention realizes non-interference;Two-layer garage hydraulic system passes through hydraulic The cooperation of cylinder and vehicle frame realizes that two layers of horizontal raising and lowering of parking plate improve process while realizing accessible parking Stability and safety, can be effectively relieved the parking pressure of beta site, and region managing system of car parking of the present invention realizes The quick access of the automobile of cell without any confusion, effectively reduces park- ing cost, picks up the car for city pool and provides great convenience.
Detailed description of the invention
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram in garage of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic rear view in garage of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of garage driving mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of shutdown system of the present invention.
1 vehicle frame, 2 vehicle-carrying plates, 3 lifting cylinders, 4 support rods, 5 translation slide bars, 6 idler wheels, 7 driving mechanisms, 8 inclined plates, 9 in figure Limiting slot, 10 rotation fender rods, 11 managing system of car parking, 12 Subscriber Management Systems, 13 cloud data management systems, 14 ultrasounds Wave truck space guiding system, 15 daily management systems, 16 parking stall cellular subscription systems, 17 system manager's modules, 18 administrators Module, 19 parking line modules, 20 user data processing modules, 21 data processing modules, 22 server data processing modules, 23 Parking stall guiding module, 24 parking stall real-time monitoring modules, 25 parking space information collection modules, 26 information management modules, 27 parking space informations Management module, 28 interface alternation modules, 29 network transmission modules, 30 order management modules, 71 decelerating motors, 72 driving wheels, 73 Driving wheel, 74 drive rods, 75 guide wheels, 76 driving chains.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, the translatable two-layer garage of a kind of self-locking type, by vehicle frame 1, vehicle-carrying plate 2, lifting Oil cylinder 3 and driving mechanism 7 form, and vehicle frame 1 has truss structure, and two lifting cylinders 3 are separately positioned on 1 left and right sides of vehicle frame, The piston rod top end of each lifting cylinder 3 is connected with a support rod 4, and 4 bottom of support rod is fixed on 2 bottom of vehicle-carrying plate, each Lifting cylinder bottom is fixed on a translation slide bar 5, and translation slide bar front bottom end installs idler wheel 6, two translation slide bar difference The sliding translation on two guide rails of bottom of frame or so, the decelerating motor 71 of driving mechanism are mounted on vehicle frame 1, decelerating motor 71 Built-in worm and gear self-locking mechanism, decelerating motor drive drive rod by being engaged with the driving wheel 73 of connection by driving wheel 72 The guide wheel 75 of 74 rotations, 74 end of drive rod drives translation slide bar 5 to move in guide rail by driving chain 76.Before vehicle-carrying plate 2 End setting inclined plate 8 is to facilitate vehicle or more, and two limiting slots 9 are arranged in 2 rear end of vehicle-carrying plate, and two rotation fender rods 10 are clamped respectively In corresponding limiting slot 9.
The lifting cylinder of the translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type of the present invention has primarily served two layers of support garage and steady decline Effect.In two layers of docking process, the lifting of lifting cylinder and the rate synchronization of transmission chain, in this way during parking Two layers can be kept always in level, ensure that parking safety.When parking, two-layer garage is moved integrally, and extension end is by hydraulic Cylinder support, offset end are supported by driving chain, keep two rate synchronizations, and first is synchronized into lateral shift, and second It is that VTOL is synchronous after offsetting out, bottom of frame is provided with guide rail, and two layers of vehicle-carrying plate leads under the support of hydraulic cylinder It crosses and is welded with the translation slide bar of idler wheel and moves along the rail.Vehicle-carrying plate is completed pure by the cooperation of rotation fender rod and its limiting slot The protective plate of mechanization is rotated up and down.When vehicle-carrying plate get on or off the bus land when, vehicle-carrying plate puts down to get on or off the bus and provide gradient slope Road bounces car body protective action when parking plate is rotated when moving in midair on fender rod.Entire mechanism by rotation fender rod from Row triggering, limits its movement using limiting slot.Speed reducer is slowed down by worm and gear and gear set to be acted on chain transmitting, will be turned round Square is transferred to drive rod, is rotated by drive rod band movable sprocket, and sprocket wheel drives chain, and the support frame rear end and chain under parking plate are solid Even, power transmission is completed, is less than the equivalent friction of worm and wormwheel engagement between cog in decelerating motor using the angle of spiral of worm screw Angle, be driven occur as soon as it is self-locking.When the lead angle of worm screw is less than the equivalent friction angle of engagement wheel between cog, mechanism has self-locking Property is, it can be achieved that reverse self-locking, i.e., can only be driven worm gear by worm screw, and cannot drive worm screw by worm gear.
Using the managing system of car parking 11 of the translatable two-layer garage of above-mentioned self-locking type, including Subscriber Management System 12, cloud End data management system 13, ultrasonic stall guidance system 14, daily management system 15 and parking stall cellular subscription system 16, are used Family management system 12 is made of system manager's module 17, administrator module 18 and parking line module 19, cloud data management System 13 is made of user data processing module 20, data processing module 21 and server data processing module 22, ultrasonic wave vehicle Position guidance system 14 is made of parking stall guiding module 23, parking stall real-time monitoring module 24 and parking space information collection module 25, daily Management system 15 is made of information management module 26 and parking space information management module 27, and parking stall cellular subscription system 16 is by interface Interactive module 28, network transmission module 29 and order management module 30 form.
Resident of the parking management system of the present invention in cell can directly carry out parking stall by mobile phone and make a reservation for, when mobile phone is used After family issues parking stall predetermined request, request will be received and processed by cloud platform, and cloud platform will carry out parking stall inspection after receiving request Rope selects suitable parking stall and feeds back to mobile phone user, if mobile phone user makes a reservation for successfully, cloud platform pushes predetermined message to stopping simultaneously Parking lot user, parking lot user carry out data markers after receiving PUSH message, mobile phone user's vehicle are waited to arrive.Local service Device is responsible for monitoring parking stall state change in real time and be uploaded in cloud platform, by cloud platform classification storage.During control module includes It entreats controller (based on STM32), device-specific bit sets each sensor, travel switch and controller of installation etc..Sensor and Travel switch obtains live signal, passes to motor after central controller is handled, then by instruction, to realize to stopping, picked up the car The Automatic Control of journey.The realization of the function mainly passes through the cooperation realization pair of travel switch, optoelectronic switch and photoelectric sensor Sweep position detects and controls.Photoelectric sensor real-time detection sweep present position, when sweep reaches the limit of position, photoelectricity Sensor and travel switch timely feedback, and the processing through central controller leaves the motor off work, guarantee the normal fortune of equipment Row.Design work voltage is 380 V, and electric voltage frequency is 50 Hz.Working environment is -15 ~ 40 DEG C, meets the ring in most of areas Border demand.Speed reducer is cycloidal planetary gear speed reducer, and single machine transmission, reduction ratio is between 6 to 87.It is general to select 35,43,59 etc. Reduction ratio is more appropriate, and service efficiency is generally 90% or more, and for transmission efficiency generally 94% or more, occupied area is smaller and is driven Effect is preferable.The center of gravity and shaft center that measurement obtains plate can be obtained at a distance of 2 000 mm by 500 kg of model quality calculating To the minimum torque M for rising vehicle, and required torque T=M.Choose speed reducer reduction ratio X1=43, gear ratio X2=40/ of gear 15, service efficiency fb=0.9, so selecting the motor of the kW of output power P=18.5 more appropriate.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type, it is characterized in that be made of vehicle frame, vehicle-carrying plate, lifting cylinder and driving mechanism, Vehicle frame has truss structure, and two lifting cylinders are separately positioned at left and right sides of vehicle frame, the piston rod top end of each lifting cylinder It is connected with a support rod, support rod bottom is fixed on vehicle-carrying plate bottom, and each lifting cylinder bottom is fixed on a translation and slides On bar, translation slide bar front bottom end installs idler wheel, and two translation slide bars slide on two guide rails of bottom of frame or so flat respectively It moves, the decelerating motor of driving mechanism is mounted on vehicle frame, and worm and gear self-locking mechanism built in decelerating motor, decelerating motor passes through drive Driving wheel drives drive rod rotation by being engaged with the driving wheel of connection, and the guide wheel for being driven boom end is driven by driving chain puts down Slide bar is moved to move in guide rail.
2. the translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type according to claim 1, it is characterized in that inclined plate is arranged with side in carrier vehicle front edge of board About convinent car, two limiting slots are arranged in vehicle-carrying plate rear end, and two rotation fender rods are connected in respectively in corresponding limiting slot.
3. using the managing system of car parking of the translatable two-layer garage of self-locking type described in claim 1, it is characterized in that including using Family management system, cloud data management system, ultrasonic stall guidance system, daily management system and parking stall cellular subscription system System, Subscriber Management System are made of system manager's module, administrator module and parking line module, cloud data management system Be made of user data processing module, data processing module and server data processing module, ultrasonic stall guide system by Parking stall guiding module, parking stall real-time monitoring module and parking space information collection module composition, daily management system is by information management mould Block and parking space information management module composition, parking stall cellular subscription system is by interface alternation module, network transmission module and order Management module composition.
CN201910040959.0A 2019-01-16 2019-01-16 Self-locking type translational two-layer garage and parking lot management system adopting same Active CN109488076B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111173328A (en) * 2020-01-09 2020-05-19 东华大学 Hydraulic lifting electromechanical rotation positioning type three-dimensional double-layer parking garage mechanism

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03260269A (en) * 1990-03-08 1991-11-20 Shin Meiwa Ind Co Ltd Pallet-dropping-proof device for two-storied parking equipment
CN1611731A (en) * 2004-05-29 2005-05-04 郭亮 Parking apparatus for lifting single car to non-parking area overhead
CN204676948U (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-09-30 杨尚清 A kind of parking systems
CN204691335U (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-10-07 姚霜 Light-duty nothing dodges multi-storied garage
CN103886775B (en) * 2014-01-14 2016-01-20 南京邮电大学 A kind of parking stall intelligent inquire reservation system and method
CN105569392A (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-05-11 于君 Double-layer parking equipment with lifting, dropping and horizontal moving vehicle carrying plates perpendicular to channel

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03260269A (en) * 1990-03-08 1991-11-20 Shin Meiwa Ind Co Ltd Pallet-dropping-proof device for two-storied parking equipment
CN1611731A (en) * 2004-05-29 2005-05-04 郭亮 Parking apparatus for lifting single car to non-parking area overhead
CN103886775B (en) * 2014-01-14 2016-01-20 南京邮电大学 A kind of parking stall intelligent inquire reservation system and method
CN204691335U (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-10-07 姚霜 Light-duty nothing dodges multi-storied garage
CN204676948U (en) * 2015-04-07 2015-09-30 杨尚清 A kind of parking systems
CN105569392A (en) * 2016-01-18 2016-05-11 于君 Double-layer parking equipment with lifting, dropping and horizontal moving vehicle carrying plates perpendicular to channel

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111173328A (en) * 2020-01-09 2020-05-19 东华大学 Hydraulic lifting electromechanical rotation positioning type three-dimensional double-layer parking garage mechanism

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