CN109399932A - A kind of ceramic glaze and ceramics - Google Patents

A kind of ceramic glaze and ceramics Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109399932A
CN109399932A CN201811586968.1A CN201811586968A CN109399932A CN 109399932 A CN109399932 A CN 109399932A CN 201811586968 A CN201811586968 A CN 201811586968A CN 109399932 A CN109399932 A CN 109399932A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mass parts
rare earth
ceramic glaze
rare
glaze
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811586968.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴斌
李玲玲
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Foshan University
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Foshan University
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Priority to CN201811586968.1A priority Critical patent/CN109399932A/en
Publication of CN109399932A publication Critical patent/CN109399932A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5022Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with vitreous materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/86Glazes; Cold glazes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C2204/00Glasses, glazes or enamels with special properties
    • C03C2204/02Antibacterial glass, glaze or enamel

Abstract

It is suitble to the ceramic glaze and ceramics used in everyday with antibacterial action the invention discloses a kind of.The ceramic glaze includes following components: kaolin, glassy feldspar, rare earth material, zircon, diatomite, aluminium oxide, nano-titanium dioxide, and the rare earth material is rare-earth salts or rare earth oxide.The nano-titanium dioxide ingredient that the present invention uses has preferable antibacterial action, the rare earth material of addition can make titania be unlikely to excessively to grow up, simultaneously, by the component of raw material and the adjustment of component proportion, to control the size of crystal grain, there can be higher specific surface area, it is also beneficial to glaze and forms fine and close nanostructure, in the same time, it can be contacted with more air, effective killing effect is formed to the various harmful bacterias wherein contained.

Description

A kind of ceramic glaze and ceramics
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic glazes, more particularly, to a kind of ceramic glaze and ceramics.
Background technique
It is gradually increased with the continuous development of society with living standard, requirement of the people for quality of life be increasingly Height, the idea of sanitary antimicrobial health care are also rooted in the hearts of the people therewith, and in order to meet standard of the people in terms of health, anti-bacteria ceramic is met the tendency of And it gives birth to and has obtained faster development.Anti-bacteria ceramic, which refers to, is keeping ceramic original using the same of function and decorative effect When, increase a kind of ceramic product of disinfection, sterilization and chemical degradation function.These antimicrobial ceramic products be widely used in health, The industries such as medical treatment, family room, civilian or industrial building.
Except in ceramic batch add dependent antimicrobial ingredient in addition to, imposed in ceramic glaze certain antimicrobial component be also can A kind of scheme of choosing.But after introducing antimicrobial component, there is also some problems to be solved, for example, prepared by part anti-bacteria ceramic Complex process requires action condition high.A kind of it is suitble to the ceramics used in everyday with antibacterial action therefore, it is necessary to explore Glaze.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to how provide a kind of to be suitble to the pottery used in everyday with antibacterial action Glaze and ceramics.
The technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of ceramic glaze, including following components: the kaolin of 30-50 mass parts, 10-30 mass parts glassy feldspar, The rare earth material of 0.1-4 mass parts, the zircon of 1-3 mass parts, the diatomite of 1-5 mass parts, the aluminium oxide of 2-10 mass parts, 2- The nano-titanium dioxide of 8 mass parts, the rare earth material are rare-earth salts or rare earth oxide.
Preferably, further include 0.5-3 mass parts tourmaline and 0.1-1.5 mass parts sierozem power.
Preferably, diatomite has been also loaded silver ion.
Preferably, the rare earth element of rare earth material is at least one of cerium, lanthanum, europium, samarium.
It is further preferred that rare-earth salts is at least one of cerous nitrate, lanthanum chloride, acetic acid europium, samaric nitrate.
Still more preferably, rare-earth salts is cerous nitrate, lanthanum chloride, acetic acid europium, any two kinds in samaric nitrate.
Preferably, the partial size of nano-titanium dioxide is 50-100nm.
It is further preferred that further including the adhesive remover of 0.1-1.2 mass parts and the water of 20-40 mass parts.
Still more preferably, adhesive remover is at least one of sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium humate.
A kind of ceramics fire formation after imposing on green body using the ceramic glaze of preceding claim.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The nano-titanium dioxide ingredient that the present invention uses has preferable antibacterial action, and the rare earth material of addition can make two Titanium oxide grain is unlikely to excessively to grow up, meanwhile, by the component of raw material and the adjustment of component proportion, to control the ruler of crystal grain It is very little, can have higher specific surface area, be also beneficial to glaze form fine and close nanostructure in the same time can It is contacted with more air, effective killing effect is formed to the various harmful bacterias wherein contained.
The further beneficial effect of the present invention also resides in, and adds sierozem power and tourmaline, glaze slip can be made to have more preferable Viscosity, facilitate the progress of glazing process.
The further beneficial effect of the present invention also resides in, and the ingredient for limiting specific rare-earth salts is conducive to improve in preparation process The release efficiency of middle rare earth element.
The further beneficial effect of the present invention also resides in, and sodium tripolyphosphate selected by the present invention or sodium humate have suction Attached exchange, complexing isocolloid chemical property, can improve pug performance, improve blank strength, reduce half after adding in process The breakage of finished product reduces production cost, improves product quality and other effects, has highly significant economic benefit and use value.
Specific embodiment
It is carried out below with reference to technical effect of the embodiment to design of the invention, specific structure and generation clear, complete Ground description, to be completely understood by the purpose of the present invention, feature and effect.Obviously, described embodiment is of the invention one Section Example, rather than whole embodiments, based on the embodiment of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not paying creativeness Other embodiments obtained, belong to the scope of protection of the invention under the premise of labour.
Embodiment 1
A kind of ceramic glaze, including following components: the kaolin of 50 mass parts, the glassy feldspar of 30 mass parts, 4 mass parts Rare earth material, the zircon of 3 mass parts, the diatomite of 5 mass parts, the aluminium oxide of 10 mass parts, 8 mass parts nanometer titanium dioxide Titanium;
Wherein, the rare earth material of 4 mass parts is the cerous nitrate of 2 mass parts and the lanthanum chloride of 2 mass parts.
Use the preparation method of the ceramics of the glaze, comprising the following steps:
1. preparing blank:
Using a kind of ceramic body formula well known in the prior art (for example, it may be CN108503357A, CN107746248A or the scheme disclosed in other patent documents) each raw material of selection is pre-processed, slurry is made in mixing and ball milling Body.
2. suppressing biscuit:
Powder is made in above-mentioned slurry, re-compacted molding obtains biscuit, natural drying;
3. blank sintering:
Biscuit is entered into kiln sintering, for sintering temperature at 900-1100 degrees Celsius, the firing time is 15-20 hours;
4. preparing glaze:
It is prepared in proportion according to above-mentioned glaze formula, is put into ball milling in ball mill, obtain above-mentioned glaze;
5. glazing is sintered:
By the glaze prepared in the burned uniform glazing of billet surface, the green body after glazing is entered into kiln sintering, firing temperature It is 140-160 degrees Celsius, firing time 20-24 hour, keeps the temperature 30min, natural cooling is come out of the stove.
Embodiment 2
A kind of ceramic glaze, including following components: the kaolin of 30 mass parts, the glassy feldspar of 10 mass parts, 0.1 mass parts Rare earth material, the zircon of 1 mass parts, the diatomite of 1 mass parts, the aluminium oxide of 2 mass parts, 2 mass parts nanometer titanium dioxide The sierozem power of titanium, the tourmaline of 0.5 mass parts and 0.1 mass parts;
Wherein, the rare earth material of 0.1 mass parts is the acetic acid europium of 0.1 mass parts.
Embodiment 3
A kind of ceramic glaze, including following components: the kaolin of 40 mass parts, the glassy feldspar of 20 mass parts, 2 mass parts Rare earth material, the zircon of 2 mass parts, the diatomite of 3 mass parts, the aluminium oxide of 6 mass parts, 5 mass parts nano-titanium dioxide, The sierozem power of the tourmaline of 3 mass parts and 1.5 mass parts;
Wherein, the rare earth material of 2 mass parts is the lanthanum chloride and 1 mass parts of the cerous nitrate of 0.5 mass parts, 0.5 mass parts Samaric nitrate.
Embodiment 4
A kind of ceramic glaze, including following components: the kaolin of 50 mass parts, the glassy feldspar of 30 mass parts, 4 mass parts Rare earth material, the zircon of 3 mass parts, the diatomite of 5 mass parts, the aluminium oxide of 10 mass parts, 8 mass parts nanometer titanium dioxide The water of titanium, the adhesive remover of 1.2 mass parts and 20 mass parts;
Wherein, the rare earth material of 4 mass parts be the cerous nitrate of 1 mass parts, the lanthanum chloride of 1 mass parts, 1 mass parts acetic acid The samaric nitrate of europium and 1 mass parts;The adhesive remover of 1.2 mass parts is the sodium humate of 1.2 mass parts.
Embodiment 5
A kind of ceramic glaze, including following components: the kaolin of 50 mass parts, the glassy feldspar of 30 mass parts, 4 mass parts Rare earth material, the zircon of 3 mass parts, the diatomite of 5 mass parts, the aluminium oxide of 10 mass parts, 8 mass parts nanometer titanium dioxide Titanium, the tourmaline of 3 mass parts, the sierozem power of 1.5 mass parts, the adhesive remover of 0.1 mass parts and 20 mass parts water;
Wherein, the rare earth material of 4 mass parts is the cerous nitrate of 2 mass parts and the lanthanum chloride of 2 mass parts;0.1 mass parts Adhesive remover is the sodium tripolyphosphate of 0.1 mass parts;The partial size of nano-titanium dioxide is 50-100nm.
Embodiment 6
A kind of ceramic glaze, including following components: the kaolin of 50 mass parts, the glassy feldspar of 30 mass parts, 4 mass parts Rare earth material, the zircon of 3 mass parts, the diatomite of 5 mass parts, the aluminium oxide of 10 mass parts, 8 mass parts nanometer titanium dioxide Titanium, the tourmaline of 3 mass parts, the sierozem power of 1.5 mass parts, the adhesive remover of 0.1 mass parts and 20 mass parts water;
Wherein, the rare earth material of 4 mass parts is the cerous nitrate of 2 mass parts and the lanthanum chloride of 2 mass parts;Nano-titanium dioxide Partial size be 30-50nm.
It is to be illustrated to presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the embodiment above, Those skilled in the art can also make various equivalent deformation or replacement on the premise of without prejudice to spirit of the invention, this Equivalent deformation or replacement are all included in the scope defined by the claims of the present application a bit.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of ceramic glaze, which is characterized in that including following components: the kaolin of 30-50 mass parts, 10-30 mass parts Glassy feldspar, the rare earth material of 0.1-4 mass parts, the zircon of 1-3 mass parts, the diatomite of 1-5 mass parts, 2-10 mass parts oxygen Change the nano-titanium dioxide of aluminium, 2-8 mass parts, the rare earth material is rare-earth salts or rare earth oxide.
2. ceramic glaze according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include the tourmaline and 0.1- of 0.5-3 mass parts The sierozem power of 1.5 mass parts.
3. ceramic glaze according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the diatomite has been also loaded silver ion.
4. ceramic glaze according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the rare earth element of the rare earth material be cerium, lanthanum, At least one of europium, samarium.
5. ceramic glaze according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the rare-earth salts is cerous nitrate, lanthanum chloride, acetic acid At least one of europium, samaric nitrate.
6. ceramic glaze according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the rare-earth salts is cerous nitrate, lanthanum chloride, acetic acid Any two kinds in europium, samaric nitrate.
7. ceramic glaze according to claim 1-6, which is characterized in that the partial size of the nano-titanium dioxide is 50-100nm。
8. ceramic glaze according to claim 7, which is characterized in that further include the adhesive remover and 20- of 0.1-1.2 mass parts The water of 40 mass parts.
9. ceramic glaze according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the adhesive remover is sodium tripolyphosphate, sodium humate At least one of.
10. a kind of ceramics, which is characterized in that fired after imposing on green body using the described in any item ceramic glazes of claim 1-9 It is formed.
CN201811586968.1A 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 A kind of ceramic glaze and ceramics Pending CN109399932A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110040960A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-07-23 包头中科陶瓷科技有限公司 A kind of rare earth anti-bacteria ceramic glaze and preparation method thereof
CN110467350A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-11-19 扬州工业职业技术学院 A kind of cucurbit urea-modified europium doping heatproof and shockproof ceramic glaze and preparation method thereof
CN110510877A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-11-29 扬州工业职业技术学院 A kind of europium doped ceramics glaze and the preparation method and application thereof
CN111377612A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-07-07 佛山科学技术学院 Antifouling glaze
ES2843267A1 (en) * 2020-01-15 2021-07-16 Coloronda S L Ceramic glaze with a warm, wood-like feel (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110040960A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-07-23 包头中科陶瓷科技有限公司 A kind of rare earth anti-bacteria ceramic glaze and preparation method thereof
CN110467350A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-11-19 扬州工业职业技术学院 A kind of cucurbit urea-modified europium doping heatproof and shockproof ceramic glaze and preparation method thereof
CN110510877A (en) * 2019-09-16 2019-11-29 扬州工业职业技术学院 A kind of europium doped ceramics glaze and the preparation method and application thereof
ES2843267A1 (en) * 2020-01-15 2021-07-16 Coloronda S L Ceramic glaze with a warm, wood-like feel (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
WO2021144490A1 (en) * 2020-01-15 2021-07-22 Coloronda, S.L. Ceramic glaze with a warm feel like wood
CN111377612A (en) * 2020-04-26 2020-07-07 佛山科学技术学院 Antifouling glaze

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