CN104058795B - A kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil and manufacture craft thereof - Google Patents

A kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil and manufacture craft thereof Download PDF

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CN104058795B
CN104058795B CN201410180430.6A CN201410180430A CN104058795B CN 104058795 B CN104058795 B CN 104058795B CN 201410180430 A CN201410180430 A CN 201410180430A CN 104058795 B CN104058795 B CN 104058795B
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nano
glaze
antibacterial
ceramic utensil
manufacture craft
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CN104058795A (en
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陈金贵
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Fujian Province Jia Shunyi Product Limited-Liability Co
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Fujian Province Jia Shunyi Product Limited-Liability Co
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Abstract

The invention belongs to ceramic field, be specifically related to a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil and manufacture craft thereof.This kind of nano-antibacterial pottery tea is by improvement blank and glaze formula, the nano-antibacterial glaze layer that tea is had, biological structure and the eubolism of germ can be destroyed, thus kill germ or suppress germ reproduction, the impurity such as the chlorine in water can be eliminated, increase dissolved oxygen amount, make the more smooth sweetness of water quality, make tea become change to wet one's whistle, go bitter taste, mouthfeel better, and it is more permanent that various beverage can be preserved, and identifies after testing and reach more than 99.9% to the antibiotic rate of the germ such as intestinal bacteria, streptococcus aureus; The improvement of its manufacture craft, reduce the destruction to antibacterial raw material mix, reduce the use of antibacterial raw material, by double-deck glaze, nano-antibacterial glaze is not directly contacted with biscuit, thus reduce the impact of glaze paint, the adhesive ability improving nano-antibacterial glaze, such that hardness of glaze surface strengthens, heat impedance improves, fine and smooth sparkling and crystal-clear.

Description

A kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil and manufacture craft thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to ceramic field, be specifically related to a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil and manufacture craft thereof.
Background technology
Along with the continuous of people's living standard can be improved; Production of Ceramics have also been obtained swift and violent development; anti-bacteria ceramic is a kind of new function material of protection of the environment; antiseptic-germicide, the product that is combined with stupalith of antimicrobial technology; also be the product that Materials science combines with microbiology. it is while keeping the original using function of ceramic and decorative effect, increases the function of sterilization, sterilization and chemical degradation.
The existing preparation method preparing anti-bacteria ceramic has multiple, as publication number antibacterial inorganic ceramics and production technique disclosed in CN1279222A, antibacterial powder adds in common glaze to make nano-antibacterial glaze by the preparation method of this kind of anti-bacteria ceramic, then nano-antibacterial glaze is imposed on the ceramic ware that common base substrate is fired into, adopt the impact of the ceramic ware made by this kind of method on glaze paint large.
Unresolved the problems referred to above, there is disclosed in Authorization Notice No. CN1266077C special cermacis that is antibacterial and water activating function like to chat and preparation method and application, the preparation method of the pottery of this kind of antibacterial and water activating function is: first prepare antimicrobial powder, then adopted by antimicrobial powder dry-pressing or isostatic pressing process to carry out blank forming, make pottery finally by base substrate pre-burning and sintering.Adopt during this kind of method sintered ceramic and require to sinter 1-4 hour when 1200-1650 °, not only the firing temperature energy that is higher, that consume is high, and the structure of breaking nanometer powder and nano silver antimicrobials due to the too high meeting of sintering temperature, the antibiotic rate that causes are lower, anti-microbial property declines.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem, the present invention is by improvement blank, glaze formula and the manufacture craft that matches with it, and provide a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil and manufacture craft thereof, concrete scheme is as follows:
This nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil, comprise by base substrate, internal layer glaze layer and nano-antibacterial glaze layer, wherein base substrate, according to parts by weight, specifically formula is as follows for it: clay 30-40, feldspar 20-30, quartzy 10-20, Longyan kaolin 1-5, titanium dioxide 5-10, aluminum oxide 10-20, bone ash 1-5;
Internal layer glaze layer, adopts common glaze;
Nano-antibacterial glaze layer, according to parts by weight, the glaze formula of its tool is as follows: frit 40-50, feldspar 15-20, clay 10-15, quartzy 5-10, aluminum oxide 5-10, nanometer silver 1-5, Nano-Zinc 5-10, carboxymethyl cellulose 1-2.
Further, nano-antibacterial glaze layer is only present on the inwall of tea set.
Further, base substrate, according to parts by weight, specifically formula is as follows for it: clay 35, feldspar 25, quartz 15, Longyan kaolin 3, titanium dioxide 7, aluminum oxide 13, bone ash 2.
Further, nano-antibacterial glaze layer, according to parts by weight, the glaze formula of its tool is as follows: frit 45, feldspar 16, clay 13, quartz 8, aluminum oxide 7, nanometer silver 3, Nano-Zinc 7, carboxymethyl cellulose 1.
The manufacture craft of this nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, prepares tea set green compact, nano-antibacterial glaze according to composition of raw materials;
Step 2, puts into the biscuiting of kiln low temperature, makes biscuit after green seasoning;
Step 3, after biscuit naturally cooling, biscuit is first executed the common glaze of one deck, then executes one deck nano-antibacterial glaze;
Step 4, puts into kiln again by the biscuit after glazing, forms by a firing under oxidizing atmosphere.
Optimize, in step 1, the preparation of nano-antibacterial glaze comprises the following steps:
(1) frit, feldspar, clay, quartz, aluminum oxide, nanometer silver, Nano-Zinc, carboxymethyl cellulose are weighed in proportion, pulverize, mix;
(2) carry out wet ball mill 10-12 hour and obtain glaze slip, wherein expect: ball: water=1:(2.5-3): (0.8-1.3);
(3) nano-antibacterial glaze is obtained after glaze slurry being crossed 200 mesh sieves.
Optimize, in step 2, the biscuiting of green compact is 600-800 DEG C.
Optimize, in step 3, nano-antibacterial glaze adopts the mode glazing of spraying.
Optimize, the firing range in step 4 is between 1000-1100 DEG C.
Seen from the above description, nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil provided by the invention and manufacture craft thereof, have following beneficial effect:
(1) by improvement blank and glaze formula, the nano-antibacterial glaze layer that tea is had, biological structure and the eubolism of germ can be destroyed, thus kill germ or suppress germ reproduction, the impurity such as the chlorine in water can be eliminated, increase dissolved oxygen amount, make the more smooth sweetness of water quality, make tea become change to wet one's whistle, go bitter taste, mouthfeel better, and it is more permanent that various beverage can be preserved, and identifies after testing and reach more than 99.9% to the antibiotic rate of the germ such as intestinal bacteria, streptococcus aureus;
(2) manufacture craft by matching with blank and glaze, in firing, make ceramic utensil 1000-1100 DEG C burn till, not only save 20% fuel, reduce energy consumption, more can reduce the destruction to antibacterial raw material mix, reduce the use of antibacterial raw material, in glazing, by double-deck glaze, nano-antibacterial glaze is not directly contacted with biscuit, thus reduce the impact of glaze paint, the adhesive ability improving nano-antibacterial glaze, such that hardness of glaze surface strengthens, heat impedance improves, fine and smooth sparkling and crystal-clear.
Embodiment
Technical scheme for a better understanding of the present invention, is described below in detail embodiment provided by the invention.
The invention provides a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil, comprise by base substrate, internal layer glaze layer and nano-antibacterial glaze layer, wherein base substrate, according to parts by weight, specifically formula is as follows for it: clay 30-40, feldspar 20-30, quartzy 10-20, Longyan kaolin 1-5, titanium dioxide 5-10, aluminum oxide 10-20, bone ash 1-5;
Internal layer glaze layer, adopts common glaze;
Nano-antibacterial glaze layer, according to parts by weight, the glaze formula of its tool is as follows: frit 40-50, feldspar 15-20, clay 10-15, quartzy 5-10, aluminum oxide 5-10, nanometer silver 1-5, Nano-Zinc 5-10, carboxymethyl cellulose 1-2.
Specific embodiment one:
Nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil, comprise by base substrate, internal layer glaze layer and nano-antibacterial glaze layer, and nano-antibacterial glaze layer is only present on the inwall of tea set; Wherein
Base substrate, according to parts by weight, specifically formula is as follows for it: clay 35, feldspar 25, quartz 15, Longyan kaolin 3, titanium dioxide 7, aluminum oxide 13, bone ash 2.
Specific embodiment two:
Nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil, comprise by base substrate, internal layer glaze layer and nano-antibacterial glaze layer, and nano-antibacterial glaze layer is only present on the inwall of tea set; Wherein
Nano-antibacterial glaze layer, according to parts by weight, the glaze formula of its tool is as follows: frit 45, feldspar 16, clay 13, quartz 8, aluminum oxide 7, nanometer silver 3, Nano-Zinc 7, carboxymethyl cellulose 1.
The nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil of specific embodiment one, two, its manufacture craft comprises the following steps:
Step 1, prepares tea set green compact, nano-antibacterial glaze according to composition of raw materials;
Step 2, puts into kiln after green seasoning, and at the temperature of 600-800 DEG C, low temperature biscuiting, makes biscuit;
Step 3, after biscuit naturally cooling, biscuit is first executed the common glaze of one deck, then executes one deck nano-antibacterial glaze, and common glaze adopts leaching glaze handicraft, nano-antibacterial glaze adopts glaze spraying technique;
Step 4, puts into kiln again by the biscuit after glazing, forms by a firing under oxidizing atmosphere, and its firing range is between 1000-1100 DEG C.
Wherein, in step 1, the preparation of nano-antibacterial glaze comprises the following steps:
(1) frit, feldspar, clay, quartz, aluminum oxide, nanometer silver, Nano-Zinc, carboxymethyl cellulose are weighed in proportion, pulverize, mix;
(2) carry out wet ball mill and obtain glaze slip in 11 hours, wherein expect: ball: water=1:2.8:0.9;
(3) nano-antibacterial glaze is obtained after glaze slurry being crossed 200 mesh sieves.
Seen from the above description, nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil provided by the invention and manufacture craft thereof are by improvement blank and glaze formula, the nano-antibacterial glaze layer that tea is had, biological structure and the eubolism of germ can be destroyed, thus kill germ or suppress germ reproduction, the impurity such as the chlorine in water can be eliminated, increase dissolved oxygen amount, make the more smooth sweetness of water quality, make tea become change to wet one's whistle, go bitter taste, mouthfeel better, and it is more permanent to make various beverage to preserve, and identifies after testing and reaches more than 99.9% to the antibiotic rate of the germ such as intestinal bacteria, streptococcus aureus;
By the manufacture craft matched with blank and glaze, in firing, make ceramic utensil 1000-1100 DEG C burn till, not only save 20% fuel, reduce energy consumption, more can reduce the destruction to antibacterial raw material mix, reduce the use of antibacterial raw material, in glazing, by double-deck glaze, nano-antibacterial glaze is not directly contacted with biscuit, thus reduce the impact of glaze paint, the adhesive ability improving nano-antibacterial glaze, such that hardness of glaze surface strengthens, heat impedance improves, fine and smooth sparkling and crystal-clear.
The above, be only present pre-ferred embodiments, therefore can not limit scope of the invention process with this, and the equivalence namely done according to the present patent application the scope of the claims and description changes and modifies, and all should still remain within the scope of the patent.

Claims (9)

1. a nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil, is characterized in that: comprise by base substrate, internal layer glaze layer and nano-antibacterial glaze layer, wherein
Base substrate, according to parts by weight, specifically formula is as follows for it: clay 30-40, feldspar 20-30, quartzy 10-20, Longyan kaolin 1-5, titanium dioxide 5-10, aluminum oxide 10-20, bone ash 1-5;
Internal layer glaze layer, adopts common glaze;
Nano-antibacterial glaze layer, according to parts by weight, the glaze formula of its tool is as follows: frit 40-50, feldspar 15-20, clay 10-15, quartzy 5-10, aluminum oxide 5-10, nanometer silver 1-5, Nano-Zinc 5-10, carboxymethyl cellulose 1-2.
2. nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described nano-antibacterial glaze layer is only present on the inwall of tea set.
3. nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil according to claim 1, is characterized in that: base substrate, and according to parts by weight, specifically formula is as follows for it, clay 35, feldspar 25, quartz 15, Longyan kaolin 3, titanium dioxide 7, aluminum oxide 13, bone ash 2.
4. the nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterized in that: nano-antibacterial glaze layer, according to parts by weight, the glaze formula of its tool is as follows: frit 45, feldspar 16, clay 13, quartz 8, aluminum oxide 7, nanometer silver 3, Nano-Zinc 7, carboxymethyl cellulose 1.
5. a manufacture craft for nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil, is characterized in that, the production of the nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil described in claim 1-4 any one, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, prepares tea set green compact, nano-antibacterial glaze according to composition of raw materials;
Step 2, puts into the biscuiting of kiln low temperature, makes biscuit after green seasoning;
Step 3, after biscuit naturally cooling, biscuit is first executed the common glaze of one deck, then executes one deck nano-antibacterial glaze;
Step 4, puts into kiln again by the biscuit after glazing, forms by a firing under oxidizing atmosphere.
6. the manufacture craft of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil according to claim 5, is characterized in that, in described step 1, the preparation of nano-antibacterial glaze comprises the following steps:
(1) frit, feldspar, clay, quartz, aluminum oxide, nanometer silver, Nano-Zinc, carboxymethyl cellulose are weighed in proportion, pulverize, mix;
(2) carry out wet ball mill 10-12 hour and obtain glaze slip, wherein expect: ball: water=1:(2.5-3): (0.8-1.3);
(3) nano-antibacterial glaze is obtained after glaze slurry being crossed 200 mesh sieves.
7. the manufacture craft of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil according to claim 5, is characterized in that: in step 2, the biscuiting of green compact is 600-800 DEG C.
8. the manufacture craft of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil according to claim 5, is characterized in that: in step 3, nano-antibacterial glaze adopts the mode glazing of spraying.
9. the manufacture craft of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil according to claim 5, is characterized in that: the firing range in described step 4 is between 1000-1100 DEG C.
CN201410180430.6A 2014-04-30 2014-04-30 A kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic utensil and manufacture craft thereof Active CN104058795B (en)

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104926279B (en) * 2014-12-05 2017-01-18 泉州理工职业学院 Production method for antimicrobial ceramic
CN104496476B (en) * 2015-01-13 2018-03-30 唐山立雄峰汇材料科技有限公司 The daily Bone China of function
CN104875961A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-09-02 广西梧州茂圣茶业有限公司 Moistureproof and antibiotic tea storage container
CN108083850B (en) * 2015-10-16 2021-04-06 德化县如瓷生活文化有限公司 Nano ceramic tea caddy capable of accelerating tea fermentation speed
CN105272377B (en) * 2015-11-03 2017-10-27 昆明理工大学 A kind of preparation method of anti-bacteria ceramic
CN105294070B (en) * 2015-11-03 2017-07-07 昆明理工大学 A kind of method for preparing anti-bacteria ceramic
CN107056263B (en) * 2017-04-27 2020-07-31 湖南港鹏实业有限公司 Preparation method of medium-temperature feldspar bone porcelain
CN107311619A (en) * 2017-07-06 2017-11-03 董孟富 The production method of novel antibacterial ceramics
CN107473721A (en) * 2017-08-31 2017-12-15 安徽青花坊瓷业股份有限公司 A kind of antibacterial intensified ceramic vessel and preparation method thereof
CN108751947A (en) * 2018-06-15 2018-11-06 清远市华腾光能环保科技有限公司 A kind of nano ceramics structure and its preparation process

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CN101386522A (en) * 2008-10-28 2009-03-18 林道藩 Bone porcelain and production process thereof
CN103482957A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-01-01 陈春水 Antibacterial sanitary ceramic and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101386522A (en) * 2008-10-28 2009-03-18 林道藩 Bone porcelain and production process thereof
CN103482957A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-01-01 陈春水 Antibacterial sanitary ceramic and preparation method thereof

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