CN106242525A - A kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106242525A
CN106242525A CN201610637629.6A CN201610637629A CN106242525A CN 106242525 A CN106242525 A CN 106242525A CN 201610637629 A CN201610637629 A CN 201610637629A CN 106242525 A CN106242525 A CN 106242525A
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antibacterial
ceramic
nano
ceramic tile
silane coupler
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魏华锦
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Foshan Atlas Ceramics Co Ltd
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Foshan Atlas Ceramics Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, comprise Ceramic Material and antibacterial, described antibacterial is the 1 5% of Ceramic Material gross weight;Described antibacterial is made up of the composition of raw materials of following weight portion: nano silicon dioxide sol 20 30, nanometer silver 23, nano titanium oxide 12, silane coupler 17 22, Dineodymium trioxide 23, cerium oxide 12.The present invention with the addition of antibacterial in formula, nano silicon dioxide sol, nanometer silver, nano titanium oxide, silane coupler, Dineodymium trioxide, cerium oxide, wherein, is carrier by the hydrosol of nano silicon, silane coupler is vehicle, effectively reduce the Cluster Phenomenon between nanometer silver and nano titanium oxide, further, introduce rare earth oxide Dineodymium trioxide and cerium oxide have activated the antibacterial action of nanometer silver and nano titanium oxide, and nanometer silver is effectively combined with the antibacterial action of nano titanium oxide, achieve the bactericidal effect of excellence.

Description

A kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to ceramic tile preparing technical field, particularly relate to a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Anti-bacteria ceramic is a kind of new function material protecting environment, is the product that is combined with ceramic technology of antimicrobial technology, It is while keeping ceramic original use function and decorative effect, increases sterilization, sterilization and the function of chemistry explanation, because of This is widely used in all trades and professions.
Traditional anti-bacteria ceramic have employed nanometer silver as antibacterial, but, after joining in Ceramic Material due to it, hold Cluster Phenomenon easily occurs, and antibacterial effect is not good enough, it is therefore necessary to propose anti-bacteria ceramic and the preparation side thereof of a kind of good anti-bacterial effect Method.
The present invention proposes a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile and preparation method thereof, and the preparation method of ceramic tile is simple, eliminates nanometer The Cluster Phenomenon of antibacterial, good anti-bacterial effect.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile and preparation method thereof, the preparation side of ceramic tile Method is simple, eliminates the Cluster Phenomenon of nano antibacterial agent, good anti-bacterial effect.
For reaching above-mentioned technique effect, embodiments provide a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, comprise Ceramic Material and Antibacterial, described antibacterial is the 1-5% of Ceramic Material gross weight;
Described antibacterial is made up of the composition of raw materials of following weight portion: nano silicon dioxide sol 20-30, nanometer silver 2-3, nanometer Titanium dioxide 1-2, silane coupler 17-22, Dineodymium trioxide 2-3, cerium oxide 1-2.
Preferably, described Ceramic Material is made up of the proportioning raw materials of following weight portion: albite 30-35, potassium feldspar 35- 45, quartz 20-28, Kaolin 16-24, burn Talcum 2-4, Anhydrite 5-10.
Preferably, described silane coupler is methyl-monosilane coupling agent, ethylsilane coupling agent or phenyl silane coupling agent In one or more.
The preparation method of a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, comprises the following steps:
(1) prepare ceramic material powder: Ceramic Material is scrubbed, presintering, dry, pulverize, cross 100-200 mesh sieve, obtain Ceramic material powder;
(2) preparing antibacterial: take silane coupler and join in nano silicon dioxide sol, after stirring 30-50min, addition is received Meter Yin and Dineodymium trioxide, after stirring 30-50min, add nano titanium oxide and cerium oxide, be stirred for 30-50min, resisted Microbial inoculum;
(3) anti-bacteria ceramic is prepared: is added the antibacterial that step (2) prepares, wherein in the ceramic material powder that step (1) is prepared Antibacterial is the 1-5% of Ceramic Material gross weight, ball milling after heating in water bath, then the slurry after ball milling is put into slip casting in mould Molding, briquetting pressure is 28-32MPa, obtains ceramic green;
(4) leaching glaze: the green compact that step (3) prepares are dried so that it is water content is less than 3%, then puts dried green compact Carry out soaking glaze in glaze, obtain the base substrate after soaking glaze;
(5) sinter molding: after the base substrate multi-steps sintering under inert gas atmosphere prepare step (4), be cooled to room temperature, Obtain finished product.
Preferably, during step (2), described nano silicon is the 40-of nano silicon dioxide sol gross weight 50%。
Preferably, during step (5) sinter molding, described noble gas is argon.
Preferably, the air pressure of described argon is 2-3MPa.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention is:
The present invention with the addition of antibacterial, nano silicon dioxide sol, nanometer silver, nano titanium oxide, silane in glaze formula Coupling agent, Dineodymium trioxide, cerium oxide, wherein, is carrier by the hydrosol of nano silicon, and silane coupler is vehicle, Effectively reduce the Cluster Phenomenon between nanometer silver and nano titanium oxide, further, introduce rare earth oxide Dineodymium trioxide With the antibacterial action that cerium oxide have activated nanometer silver and nano titanium oxide, and by the antibacterial work of nanometer silver Yu nano titanium oxide With effectively combining, achieve the bactericidal effect of excellence.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, the present invention will be made the most detailed below Describe.
Embodiments provide a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, comprise Ceramic Material and antibacterial, wherein, described antibacterial Agent is the 1-5% of Ceramic Material gross weight, and described antibacterial is made up of the composition of raw materials of following weight portion: nano silicon is molten Glue 20-30, nanometer silver 2-3, nano titanium oxide 1-2, silane coupler 17-22, Dineodymium trioxide 2-3, cerium oxide 1-2;
Described Ceramic Material is made up of the proportioning raw materials of following weight portion: albite 30-35, potassium feldspar 35-45, quartz 20-28, Kaolin 16-24, burns Talcum 2-4, Anhydrite 5-10.
Wherein: silane coupler be the one in methyl-monosilane coupling agent, ethylsilane coupling agent or phenyl silane coupling agent or Several.
The embodiment of the present invention additionally provides the preparation method of a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, including:
(1) prepare ceramic material powder: Ceramic Material is scrubbed, presintering, dry, pulverize, cross 100-200 mesh sieve, obtain Ceramic material powder;
(2) preparing antibacterial: take silane coupler and join in nano silicon dioxide sol, wherein, nano silicon is for receiving The 40-50% of rice silicon dioxide gel gross weight, after stirring 30-50min, adds nanometer silver and Dineodymium trioxide, stirs 30-50min After, add nano titanium oxide and cerium oxide, be stirred for 30-50min, obtain antibacterial;
(3) anti-bacteria ceramic is prepared: is added the antibacterial that step (2) prepares, wherein in the ceramic material powder that step (1) is prepared Antibacterial is the 1-5% of Ceramic Material gross weight, ball milling after heating in water bath, then the slurry after ball milling is put into slip casting in mould Molding, briquetting pressure is 28-32MPa, obtains ceramic green;
(4) leaching glaze: the green compact that step (3) prepares are dried so that it is water content is less than 3%, then puts dried green compact Carry out soaking glaze in glaze, obtain the base substrate after soaking glaze;
(5) sinter molding: after the base substrate multi-steps sintering under inert gas atmosphere prepare step (4), be cooled to room temperature, Obtain finished product.
More preferably, described noble gas is argon, and air pressure is 2-3MPa.
The present invention with the addition of antibacterial, nano silicon dioxide sol, nanometer silver, nano titanium oxide, silane in formula Coupling agent, Dineodymium trioxide, cerium oxide, wherein, is carrier by the hydrosol of nano silicon, and silane coupler is vehicle, Effectively reduce the Cluster Phenomenon between nanometer silver and nano titanium oxide, further, introduce rare earth oxide Dineodymium trioxide With the antibacterial action that cerium oxide have activated nanometer silver and nano titanium oxide, and by the antibacterial work of nanometer silver Yu nano titanium oxide With effectively combining, achieve the bactericidal effect of excellence.
Embodiment 1
Embodiments providing a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, comprise Ceramic Material and antibacterial, wherein, described antibacterial is The 1% of Ceramic Material gross weight, described antibacterial is made up of the composition of raw materials of following weight portion: nano silicon dioxide sol 20, receives Rice silver 2, nano titanium oxide 1, silane coupler 17, Dineodymium trioxide 2, cerium oxide 1;
Described Ceramic Material is made up of the proportioning raw materials of following weight portion: albite 30, potassium feldspar 35, quartz 20, Kaolin 16, Burn Talcum 2, Anhydrite 5.
Embodiment 2
Embodiments providing a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, comprise Ceramic Material and antibacterial, wherein, described antibacterial is The 5% of Ceramic Material gross weight, described antibacterial is made up of the composition of raw materials of following weight portion: nano silicon dioxide sol 30, receives Rice silver 3, nano titanium oxide 2, silane coupler 22, Dineodymium trioxide 3, cerium oxide 2;
Described Ceramic Material is made up of the proportioning raw materials of following weight portion: albite 35, potassium feldspar 45, quartz 28, Kaolin 24, Burn Talcum 4, Anhydrite 10.
Embodiment 3
Embodiments providing a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, comprise Ceramic Material and antibacterial, wherein, described antibacterial is The 3% of Ceramic Material gross weight, described antibacterial is made up of the composition of raw materials of following weight portion: nano silicon dioxide sol 25, receives Rice silver 2.5, nano titanium oxide 1.5, silane coupler 20, Dineodymium trioxide 2.5, cerium oxide 1.5;
Described Ceramic Material is made up of the proportioning raw materials of following weight portion: albite 303, potassium feldspar 40, quartz 24, Kaolin 20, burn Talcum 3, Anhydrite 7.
Embodiment 4
Embodiment of the present invention composition of raw materials based on embodiment one provides the preparation method of a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, including:
(1) prepare ceramic material powder: after scrubbed for Ceramic Material, calcine 25min at 840 DEG C, be continuously heating to 880 DEG C, It is warming up to 1100 DEG C again after calcining 0.5h, takes out and shrend after calcining 1.5h, dry, pulverize, cross 100 mesh sieves, obtain pottery former Material powder;
(2) preparing antibacterial: take silane coupler and join in nano silicon dioxide sol, wherein, nano silicon is for receiving The 40% of rice silicon dioxide gel gross weight, after stirring 30min, adds nanometer silver and Dineodymium trioxide, after stirring 30min, adds and receive Rice titanium dioxide and cerium oxide, be stirred for 30min and obtain antibacterial;
(3) anti-bacteria ceramic is prepared: is added the antibacterial that step (2) prepares, wherein in the ceramic material powder that step (1) is prepared Antibacterial is the 1% of Ceramic Material gross weight, after the serosity that concentration is 55% is made in the making beating that adds water, and heating in water bath to 60 DEG C, 2500r/min speed lapping 35min, then puts into injection forming in mould by the slurry after ball milling, and briquetting pressure is 28MPa, Obtain ceramic green;
(4) leaching glaze: the green compact that step (3) prepares are dried so that it is water content is less than 3%, then puts dried green compact Carry out soaking glaze in glaze, obtain the base substrate after soaking glaze;
(5) sinter molding: by step (4) prepare base substrate in the argon gas atmosphere that air pressure is 2MPa with the speed liter of 5 DEG C/min Temperature, to 850 DEG C, is incubated 0.5h, then with the ramp of 2 DEG C/min to 1240 DEG C, is incubated 2h, then lowers the temperature with the speed of 3 DEG C/min To 710 DEG C, it is incubated 0.5h, cools to room temperature with the furnace, i.e. can get finished product.
Embodiment 5
Embodiment of the present invention composition of raw materials based on embodiment two provides the preparation method of a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, including:
(1) prepare ceramic material powder: after scrubbed for Ceramic Material, calcine 25min at 840 DEG C, be continuously heating to 880 DEG C, It is warming up to 1100 DEG C again after calcining 0.5h, takes out and shrend after calcining 1.5h, dry, pulverize, cross 200 mesh sieves, obtain pottery former Material powder;
(2) preparing antibacterial: take silane coupler and join in nano silicon dioxide sol, wherein, nano silicon is for receiving The 50% of rice silicon dioxide gel gross weight, after the 50min that stirs, adds nanometer silver and Dineodymium trioxide, after stirring 50min, then adds Enter nano titanium oxide and cerium oxide, be stirred for 50min, obtain antibacterial;
(3) anti-bacteria ceramic is prepared: is added the antibacterial that step (2) prepares, wherein in the ceramic material powder that step (1) is prepared Antibacterial is the 5% of Ceramic Material gross weight, after the serosity that concentration is 55% is made in the making beating that adds water, and heating in water bath to 60 DEG C, 2500r/min speed lapping 35min, then puts into injection forming in mould by the slurry after ball milling, and briquetting pressure is 32MPa, Obtain ceramic green;
(4) leaching glaze: the green compact that step (3) prepares are dried so that it is water content is less than 3%, then puts dried green compact Carry out soaking glaze in glaze, obtain the base substrate after soaking glaze;
(5) sinter molding: by step (4) prepare base substrate in the argon gas atmosphere that air pressure is 3MPa with the speed liter of 5 DEG C/min Temperature, to 850 DEG C, is incubated 0.5h, then with the ramp of 2 DEG C/min to 1240 DEG C, is incubated 2h, then lowers the temperature with the speed of 3 DEG C/min To 710 DEG C, it is incubated 0.5h, cools to room temperature with the furnace, i.e. can get finished product.
Embodiment 6
Embodiment of the present invention composition of raw materials based on embodiment two provides the preparation method of a kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, including:
(1) prepare ceramic material powder: after scrubbed for Ceramic Material, calcine 25min at 840 DEG C, be continuously heating to 880 DEG C, It is warming up to 1100 DEG C again after calcining 0.5h, takes out and shrend after calcining 1.5h, dry, pulverize, cross 150 mesh sieves, obtain pottery former Material powder;
(2) preparing antibacterial: take silane coupler and join in nano silicon dioxide sol, wherein, nano silicon is for receiving The 45% of rice silicon dioxide gel gross weight, stirs 40min, adds nanometer silver and Dineodymium trioxide, after stirring 40min, adds nanometer Titanium dioxide and cerium oxide, be stirred for 40min, obtains antibacterial;
(3) anti-bacteria ceramic is prepared: is added the antibacterial that step (2) prepares, wherein in the ceramic material powder that step (1) is prepared Antibacterial is the 3% of Ceramic Material gross weight, after the serosity that concentration is 55% is made in the making beating that adds water, and heating in water bath to 60 DEG C, 2500r/min speed lapping 35min, then puts into injection forming in mould by the slurry after ball milling, and briquetting pressure is 30MPa, Obtain ceramic green;
(4) leaching glaze: the green compact that step (3) prepares are dried so that it is water content is less than 3%, then puts dried green compact Carry out soaking glaze in glaze, obtain the base substrate after soaking glaze;
(5) sinter molding: by step (4) prepare base substrate in the argon gas atmosphere that air pressure is 2.5MPa with the speed of 5 DEG C/min It is warming up to 850 DEG C, is incubated 0.5h, then with the ramp of 2 DEG C/min to 1240 DEG C, be incubated 2h, then drop with the speed of 3 DEG C/min Temperature, to 710 DEG C, is incubated 0.5h, cools to room temperature with the furnace, i.e. can get finished product.
Owing to antibiotic ceramic tile is in acid solution, aqueous slkali and normal saline, its antibiotic property has different degradation mechanism, Therefore the antibiotic ceramic tile prepared by above method is after acid solution, aqueous slkali, normal saline and Medical antiseptic solution soak 30 days, test Its antibacterial effect, result shows the 24 hours sterilizing rates remaining to reach more than 99%, the anti-bacteria ceramic therefore prepared by above method There is certain antibacterial durability.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention is:
The present invention with the addition of antibacterial, nano silicon dioxide sol, nanometer silver, nano titanium oxide, silane in glaze formula Coupling agent, Dineodymium trioxide, cerium oxide, wherein, is carrier by the hydrosol of nano silicon, and silane coupler is vehicle, Effectively reduce the Cluster Phenomenon between nanometer silver and nano titanium oxide, further, introduce rare earth oxide Dineodymium trioxide With the antibacterial action that cerium oxide have activated nanometer silver and nano titanium oxide, and by the antibacterial work of nanometer silver Yu nano titanium oxide With effectively combining, achieve the bactericidal effect of excellence.
The above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art For, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, it is also possible to make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications are also considered as Protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a nano-antibacterial ceramic tile, it is characterised in that comprise Ceramic Material and antibacterial, described antibacterial is that Ceramic Material is total The 1-5% of weight;
Described antibacterial is made up of the composition of raw materials of following weight portion: nano silicon dioxide sol 20-30, nanometer silver 2-3, nanometer Titanium dioxide 1-2, silane coupler 17-22, Dineodymium trioxide 2-3, cerium oxide 1-2.
2. nano-antibacterial ceramic tile as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described Ceramic Material is by the raw material of following weight portion Proportioning is made: albite 30-35, potassium feldspar 35-45, quartz 20-28, Kaolin 16-24, burns Talcum 2-4, Anhydrite 5-10.
3. nano-antibacterial ceramic tile as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described silane coupler is methyl-monosilane coupling One or more in agent, ethylsilane coupling agent or phenyl silane coupling agent.
4. the preparation method of a nano-antibacterial ceramic tile as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) prepare ceramic material powder: Ceramic Material is scrubbed, presintering, dry, pulverize, cross 100-200 mesh sieve, obtain Ceramic material powder;
(2) preparing antibacterial: take silane coupler and join in nano silicon dioxide sol, after stirring 30-50min, addition is received Meter Yin and Dineodymium trioxide, after stirring 30-50min, add nano titanium oxide and cerium oxide, be stirred for 30-50min, resisted Microbial inoculum;
(3) anti-bacteria ceramic is prepared: is added the antibacterial that step (2) prepares, wherein in the ceramic material powder that step (1) is prepared Antibacterial is the 1-5% of Ceramic Material gross weight, ball milling after heating in water bath, then the slurry after ball milling is put into slip casting in mould Molding, briquetting pressure is 28-32MPa, obtains ceramic green;
(4) leaching glaze: the green compact that step (3) prepares are dried so that it is water content is less than 3%, then puts dried green compact Carry out soaking glaze in glaze, obtain the base substrate after soaking glaze;
(5) sinter molding: after the base substrate multi-steps sintering under inert gas atmosphere prepare step (4), be cooled to room temperature, Obtain finished product.
5. the preparation method of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that during step (2), described Nano silicon is the 40-50% of nano silicon dioxide sol gross weight.
6. the preparation method of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that in step (5) sinter molding mistake Cheng Zhong, described noble gas is argon.
7. the preparation method of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that the air pressure of described argon is 2- 3MPa。
CN201610637629.6A 2016-08-05 2016-08-05 A kind of nano-antibacterial ceramic tile and preparation method thereof Pending CN106242525A (en)

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CN107188418A (en) * 2017-07-06 2017-09-22 谢传平 A kind of anion wood grain tile
CN107311632A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-11-03 四川锦泓佳建筑装饰工程有限公司 A kind of formaldehyde-removing antibiotic ceramic tile
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CN110876386A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-03-13 厦门稀土材料研究所 Rare earth oxide and nano-silver synergistic antibacterial agent and preparation method thereof
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CN108640510A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-10-12 梁小红 A kind of anti-acid ceramic glaze formula
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