CN109294413A - 一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法 - Google Patents

一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法 Download PDF

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CN109294413A
CN109294413A CN201811183814.8A CN201811183814A CN109294413A CN 109294413 A CN109294413 A CN 109294413A CN 201811183814 A CN201811183814 A CN 201811183814A CN 109294413 A CN109294413 A CN 109294413A
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孙从国
周扬
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Anhui Jinpeng Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,原料包括环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料,气体粉末涂料包括线型饱和羧基聚酯、环氧树脂、聚苯乙烯、氟化聚醚、钛白粉、沉淀硫酸钡、固化剂、流平剂、异丙醇、阻燃剂、偶联剂,实现材料丰富多样化,更贴合铝型材,保持时间长,配合喷涂效果更好,喷涂流程精细,容易实现,其在选定的粉末涂料的基础上,通过合理的表面打磨、清洗、风干、钝化处理、静电喷涂处理和阶梯式烘烤固化等方式,不仅有效提高了静电喷涂的上粉率,而且所得的粉末涂层表观质量较好,硬度和耐磨蚀性能优异,对铝型材起到了良好的装饰效果和防护效果,综合性能优异,提高外观品质,延长铝型材的使用寿命。

Description

一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法
技术领域
本发明属于粉末静电喷涂技术领域,尤其涉及一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法。
背景技术
铝型材的密度只有2.7g/cm3,约为钢、铜或黄铜的密度(分别为7.83g/ cm3,8.93g/ cm3),的1/3。在大多数环境条件下,包括在空气、水(或盐水)、石油化学和很多化学体系中,铝能显示优良的抗腐蚀性,铝型材的可机加工性是优良,所以广泛应用于各个行业比如门窗行业中,静电喷涂是利用高压静电电场使带负电的涂料微粒沿着电场相反的方向定向运动,并将涂料微粒吸附在工件表面的一种喷涂方法。静电喷涂设备由喷枪、喷杯以及静电喷涂高压电源等组成,铝型材加工中需要对外表进行喷涂。
但是现有的喷涂效果欠佳,使得粉末与铝型材粘合不稳定,保持时间短暂,具有一定的缺陷,为此,我们推出及一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法。
发明内容
本发明的目的是为了解决现有技术中存在的缺点,而提出的一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法。
为实现上述目的,本发明提供如下技术方案:一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,具体包括如下步骤:一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,原料包括环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料,其他粉末涂料配方为线型饱和羧基聚酯、环氧树脂、聚苯乙烯、氟化聚醚、钛白粉、沉淀硫酸钡、固化剂、流平剂、异丙醇、阻燃剂、偶联剂,具体包括如下生产步骤:
S1:备料,选用具有粒径为40~80微米的粉末涂料,用筛网筛选备用;
S2:称重,将原料环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料称重,其他粉末涂料按重量份重量计如下:线型饱和羧基聚酯40~60份、环氧树脂20~40份、聚苯乙烯10~30份、氟化聚醚10~30份、钛白粉3~5份、沉淀硫酸钡3~5份、固化剂5~8份、异丙醇20~40份、阻燃剂8~15份、偶联剂10~20份;
S3:毛刺打磨:采用机械振磨、滚磨铝型材进行常规磨光,时间5-10min;
S4:清洗,铝型材表面清洁处理:采用除油脱蜡液清洗去除铝型材表面的油脂,然后用清水冲洗至表面呈中性,时间5-10min;
S5:风干,利用风机将铝型材表面吹干;
S6:钝化,将步骤S4中的铝型材表面喷淋钝化液,使铝型材表面形成一定厚度的钝化膜;
S7:烘干,将步骤S5中表面钝化后的铝型材置于干燥炉内干燥,时间5-15min,温度保持在120-150℃,并且在内静置10-15min;
S8:混合,将步骤S2中的原料放入容器中搅拌均匀,搅拌时间5-15min;
S9:静电喷涂:采用静电喷涂工艺向步骤S7中干燥后的铝型材上喷涂步骤S8中的涂料,得到涂层,喷涂角度45-120度,涂层厚度20-60微米;
S10:烘烤固化:将步骤S9中得到的带粉末涂层的铝型材置于干燥炉内,采用阶梯式干燥工艺干燥成型,得到表面带有粉末涂层的铝型材,烘烤温度160-190℃,固化时间在70-90min;
具体的,所述环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉为阿克苏诺贝尔销售的环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉7035,所述环氧聚酯型粉末涂料为杜邦化工生产的环氧聚酯型粉末涂料781,所述粉末涂料的电阻率粉末的电阻率在1010~1016欧姆/厘米。
具体的,所述步骤S6中的钝化液为浓H2SO4
具体的,所述步骤S3中的毛刺打磨工具优选毛刺打磨刷,直径83cm。
本发明的技术效果和优点:本发明一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,改变传统的喷涂材料和工艺,原料包括环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料,实现材料丰富多样化,更贴合铝型材,保持时间长,配合喷涂效果更好,喷涂流程精细,容易实现,其在选定的粉末涂料的基础上,通过合理的表面打磨、清洗、风干、钝化处理、静电喷涂处理和阶梯式烘烤固化等方式,不仅有效提高了静电喷涂的上粉率,而且所得的粉末涂层表观质量较好,硬度和耐磨蚀性能优异,对铝型材起到了良好的装饰效果和防护效果,综合性能优异,提高外观品质,延长铝型材的使用寿命。
具体实施方式
为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合具体实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
实施例1
本发明提供的一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,具体包括如下生产步骤:一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,原料包括环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料,其他粉末涂料配方为线型饱和羧基聚酯、环氧树脂、聚苯乙烯、氟化聚醚、钛白粉、沉淀硫酸钡、固化剂、流平剂、异丙醇、阻燃剂、偶联剂,具体包括如下生产步骤:
S1:备料,选用具有粒径为40微米的粉末涂料,用筛网筛选备用;
S2:称重,将原料环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料称重,其他粉末涂料按重量份重量计如下:线型饱和羧基聚酯40份、环氧树脂20份、聚苯乙烯10份、氟化聚醚10份、钛白粉3份、沉淀硫酸钡3份、固化剂5份、异丙醇20份、阻燃剂8份、偶联剂10份;
S3:毛刺打磨:采用机械振磨、滚磨铝型材进行常规磨光,时间5min;
S4:清洗,铝型材表面清洁处理:采用除油脱蜡液清洗去除铝型材表面的油脂,然后用清水冲洗至表面呈中性,时间5min;
S5:风干,利用风机将铝型材表面吹干;
S6:钝化,将步骤S4中的铝型材表面喷淋钝化液,使铝型材表面形成一定厚度的钝化膜;
S7:烘干,将步骤S5中表面钝化后的铝型材置于干燥炉内干燥,时间5min,温度保持在120℃,并且在内静置10min;
S8:混合,将步骤S2中的原料放入容器中搅拌均匀,搅拌时间5min;
S9:静电喷涂:采用静电喷涂工艺向步骤S7中干燥后的铝型材上喷涂步骤S8中的涂料,得到涂层,喷涂角度45度,涂层厚度20微米;
S10:烘烤固化:将步骤S9中得到的带粉末涂层的铝型材置于干燥炉内,采用阶梯式干燥工艺干燥成型,得到表面带有粉末涂层的铝型材,烘烤温度160℃,固化时间在70min;
具体的,所述环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉为阿克苏诺贝尔销售的环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉7035,所述环氧聚酯型粉末涂料为杜邦化工生产的环氧聚酯型粉末涂料781,所述粉末涂料的电阻率粉末的电阻率在1010~1016欧姆/厘米。
具体的,所述步骤S6中的钝化液为浓H2SO4
具体的,所述步骤S3中的毛刺打磨工具优选毛刺打磨刷,直径83cm。
实施例2
一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,原料包括环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料,其他粉末涂料配方为线型饱和羧基聚酯、环氧树脂、聚苯乙烯、氟化聚醚、钛白粉、沉淀硫酸钡、固化剂、流平剂、异丙醇、阻燃剂、偶联剂,具体包括如下生产步骤:
S1:备料,选用具有粒径为60微米的粉末涂料,用筛网筛选备用;
S2:称重,将原料环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料称重,其他粉末涂料按重量份重量计如下:线型饱和羧基聚酯50份、环氧树脂30份、聚苯乙烯20份、氟化聚醚20份、钛白粉4份、沉淀硫酸钡4份、固化剂6份、异丙醇30份、阻燃剂11份、偶联剂15份;
S3:毛刺打磨:采用机械振磨、滚磨铝型材进行常规磨光,时间8min;
S4:清洗,铝型材表面清洁处理:采用除油脱蜡液清洗去除铝型材表面的油脂,然后用清水冲洗至表面呈中性,时间8min;
S5:风干,利用风机将铝型材表面吹干;
S6:钝化,将步骤S4中的铝型材表面喷淋钝化液,使铝型材表面形成一定厚度的钝化膜;
S7:烘干,将步骤S5中表面钝化后的铝型材置于干燥炉内干燥,时间10min,温度保持在135℃,并且在内静置12min;
S8:混合,将步骤S2中的原料放入容器中搅拌均匀,搅拌时间10min;
S9:静电喷涂:采用静电喷涂工艺向步骤S7中干燥后的铝型材上喷涂步骤S8中的涂料,得到涂层,喷涂角度85度,涂层厚度40微米;
S10:烘烤固化:将步骤S9中得到的带粉末涂层的铝型材置于干燥炉内,采用阶梯式干燥工艺干燥成型,得到表面带有粉末涂层的铝型材,烘烤温度175℃,固化时间在80min;
具体的,所述环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉为阿克苏诺贝尔销售的环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉7035,所述环氧聚酯型粉末涂料为杜邦化工生产的环氧聚酯型粉末涂料781,所述粉末涂料的电阻率粉末的电阻率在1010~1016欧姆/厘米。
具体的,所述步骤S6中的钝化液为浓H2SO4
具体的,所述步骤S3中的毛刺打磨工具优选毛刺打磨刷,直径83cm。
实施例3
一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,原料包括环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料,其他粉末涂料配方为线型饱和羧基聚酯、环氧树脂、聚苯乙烯、氟化聚醚、钛白粉、沉淀硫酸钡、固化剂、流平剂、异丙醇、阻燃剂、偶联剂,具体包括如下生产步骤:
S1:备料,选用具有粒径为80微米的粉末涂料,用筛网筛选备用;
S2:称重,将原料环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料称重,其他粉末涂料按重量份重量计如下:线型饱和羧基聚酯60份、环氧树脂40份、聚苯乙烯30份、氟化聚醚30份、钛白粉5份、沉淀硫酸钡5份、固化剂8份、异丙醇40份、阻燃剂15份、偶联剂20份;
S3:毛刺打磨:采用机械振磨、滚磨铝型材进行常规磨光,时间10min;
S4:清洗,铝型材表面清洁处理:采用除油脱蜡液清洗去除铝型材表面的油脂,然后用清水冲洗至表面呈中性,时间10min;
S5:风干,利用风机将铝型材表面吹干;
S6:钝化,将步骤S4中的铝型材表面喷淋钝化液,使铝型材表面形成一定厚度的钝化膜;
S7:烘干,将步骤S5中表面钝化后的铝型材置于干燥炉内干燥,时间15min,温度保持在150℃,并且在内静置15min;
S8:混合,将步骤S2中的原料放入容器中搅拌均匀,搅拌时间15min;
S9:静电喷涂:采用静电喷涂工艺向步骤S7中干燥后的铝型材上喷涂步骤S8中的涂料,得到涂层,喷涂角度120度,涂层厚度60微米;
S10:烘烤固化:将步骤S9中得到的带粉末涂层的铝型材置于干燥炉内,采用阶梯式干燥工艺干燥成型,得到表面带有粉末涂层的铝型材,烘烤温度190℃,固化时间在90min;
具体的,所述环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉为阿克苏诺贝尔销售的环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉7035,所述环氧聚酯型粉末涂料为杜邦化工生产的环氧聚酯型粉末涂料781,所述粉末涂料的电阻率粉末的电阻率在1010~1016欧姆/厘米。
具体的,所述步骤S6中的钝化液为浓H2SO4
具体的,所述步骤S3中的毛刺打磨工具优选毛刺打磨刷,直径83cm。
综上所述:本发明一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,改变传统的喷涂材料和工艺,原料包括环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料,实现材料丰富多样化,更贴合铝型材,保持时间长,配合喷涂效果更好,喷涂流程精细,容易实现,其在选定的粉末涂料的基础上,通过合理的表面打磨、清洗、风干、钝化处理、静电喷涂处理和阶梯式烘烤固化等方式,不仅有效提高了静电喷涂的上粉率,而且所得的粉末涂层表观质量较好,硬度和耐磨蚀性能优异,对铝型材起到了良好的装饰效果和防护效果,综合性能优异,延长使用寿命。
最后应说明的是:以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,尽管参照前述实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (4)

1.一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,原料包括环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料,其特征在于:其他粉末涂料配方为线型饱和羧基聚酯、环氧树脂、聚苯乙烯、氟化聚醚、钛白粉、沉淀硫酸钡、固化剂、流平剂、异丙醇、阻燃剂、偶联剂,具体包括如下生产步骤:
S1:备料,选用具有粒径为40~80微米的粉末涂料,用筛网筛选备用;
S2:称重,将原料环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉、环氧聚酯型粉末涂料、其他粉末涂料称重,其他粉末涂料按重量份重量计如下:线型饱和羧基聚酯40~60份、环氧树脂20~40份、聚苯乙烯10~30份、氟化聚醚10~30份、钛白粉3~5份、沉淀硫酸钡3~5份、固化剂5~8份、异丙醇20~40份、阻燃剂8~15份、偶联剂10~20份;
S3:毛刺打磨:采用机械振磨、滚磨铝型材进行常规磨光,时间5-10min;
S4:清洗,铝型材表面清洁处理:采用除油脱蜡液清洗去除铝型材表面的油脂,然后用清水冲洗至表面呈中性,时间5-10min;
S5:风干,利用风机将铝型材表面吹干;
S6:钝化,将步骤S4中的铝型材表面喷淋钝化液,使铝型材表面形成一定厚度的钝化膜;
S7:烘干,将步骤S5中表面钝化后的铝型材置于干燥炉内干燥,时间5-15min,温度保持在120-150℃,并且在内静置10-15min;
S8:混合,将步骤S2中的原料放入容器中搅拌均匀,搅拌时间5-15min;
S9:静电喷涂:采用静电喷涂工艺向步骤S7中干燥后的铝型材上喷涂步骤S8中的涂料,得到涂层,喷涂角度45-120度,涂层厚度20-60微米;
S10:烘烤固化:将步骤S9中得到的带粉末涂层的铝型材置于干燥炉内,采用阶梯式干燥工艺干燥成型,得到表面带有粉末涂层的铝型材,烘烤温度160-190℃,固化时间在70-90min。
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,其特征在于:所述环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉为阿克苏诺贝尔销售的环氧聚酯静电喷涂塑粉7035,所述环氧聚酯型粉末涂料为杜邦化工生产的环氧聚酯型粉末涂料781,所述粉末涂料的电阻率粉末的电阻率在1010~1016欧姆/厘米。
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,其特征在于:所述步骤S6中的钝化液为浓H2SO4
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种门窗铝型材表面粉末静电喷涂方法,其特征在于:所述步骤S3中的毛刺打磨工具优选毛刺打磨刷,直径83cm。
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112295869A (zh) * 2020-10-23 2021-02-02 河北盛可居装饰材料有限公司 室内门静电粉末喷涂方法
CN114130628A (zh) * 2021-12-02 2022-03-04 安徽广银铝业有限公司 铝型材立式粉末喷涂工艺

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CN105728302A (zh) * 2016-04-07 2016-07-06 太仓吉达喷涂有限公司 一种铝型材表面静电喷涂粉末涂料的方法

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CN105728302A (zh) * 2016-04-07 2016-07-06 太仓吉达喷涂有限公司 一种铝型材表面静电喷涂粉末涂料的方法

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112295869A (zh) * 2020-10-23 2021-02-02 河北盛可居装饰材料有限公司 室内门静电粉末喷涂方法
CN114130628A (zh) * 2021-12-02 2022-03-04 安徽广银铝业有限公司 铝型材立式粉末喷涂工艺

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