CN106362924A - 一种带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法 - Google Patents

一种带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法 Download PDF

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CN106362924A
CN106362924A CN201610759311.5A CN201610759311A CN106362924A CN 106362924 A CN106362924 A CN 106362924A CN 201610759311 A CN201610759311 A CN 201610759311A CN 106362924 A CN106362924 A CN 106362924A
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张淞
张光成
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Chengdu Kechuangnuo Commerce And Trade Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D1/00Processes for applying liquids or other fluent materials
    • B05D1/36Successively applying liquids or other fluent materials, e.g. without intermediate treatment
    • B05D1/38Successively applying liquids or other fluent materials, e.g. without intermediate treatment with intermediate treatment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D3/00Pretreatment of surfaces to which liquids or other fluent materials are to be applied; After-treatment of applied coatings, e.g. intermediate treating of an applied coating preparatory to subsequent applications of liquids or other fluent materials
    • B05D3/002Pretreatement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D3/00Pretreatment of surfaces to which liquids or other fluent materials are to be applied; After-treatment of applied coatings, e.g. intermediate treating of an applied coating preparatory to subsequent applications of liquids or other fluent materials
    • B05D3/08Pretreatment of surfaces to which liquids or other fluent materials are to be applied; After-treatment of applied coatings, e.g. intermediate treating of an applied coating preparatory to subsequent applications of liquids or other fluent materials by flames
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D3/00Pretreatment of surfaces to which liquids or other fluent materials are to be applied; After-treatment of applied coatings, e.g. intermediate treating of an applied coating preparatory to subsequent applications of liquids or other fluent materials
    • B05D3/14Pretreatment of surfaces to which liquids or other fluent materials are to be applied; After-treatment of applied coatings, e.g. intermediate treating of an applied coating preparatory to subsequent applications of liquids or other fluent materials by electrical means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D7/00Processes, other than flocking, specially adapted for applying liquids or other fluent materials to particular surfaces or for applying particular liquids or other fluent materials
    • B05D7/50Multilayers
    • B05D7/56Three layers or more
    • B05D7/57Three layers or more the last layer being a clear coat
    • B05D7/574Three layers or more the last layer being a clear coat at least some layers being let to dry at least partially before applying the next layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J5/00Doors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05DPROCESSES FOR APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05D2503/00Polyurethanes

Abstract

本发明公开了一种带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法,包括以下步骤:a.对车体表面进行打磨,使车体表面的光滑、干净无尘、无锈、无油脂;b.车门进行火焰处理或电晕放电的活性基团的表面处理,以增强车门表面吸附能力,至车门能够吸附的所述油漆的厚度达到预设范围为止;c.对车门进行底漆的喷涂;d.接着对干燥过的车门进行磨平处理,在磨平过的车门上贴上颜色图案花型,对贴过花型的车门进行喷色,在喷色的过程中,喷涂时喷枪与喷涂表面的距离为10—15cm,保持喷枪与被涂物面呈直角运行;e.再喷涂中涂层漆,所述中涂层漆为脂肪族聚氨酯玻璃鳞片漆,干燥0.5‑1.5小时后连续在中涂层漆上喷涂三遍聚氨酯罩光清漆。采用本发明有效提高了车体表面涂层的机械性能。

Description

一种带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及汽车领域,具体是一种带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法。
背景技术
[0002] 现有的汽车车门表面喷涂方法包括对汽车车门表面进行打磨、去静电和除尘等表面处理,以及对汽车车门进行喷底漆、刮腻子、刮灰及喷色漆等步骤。其中,刮腻子和刮灰是在汽车车门表面喷涂完底漆之后,通过填补或者整体处理的方式,清除汽车车门表面高低不平的部分,使得汽车车门表面平整光滑,使得油漆均能有效附着在汽车车门表面,保证汽车车门表面的外观质量。
但还存在以下问题:刮腻子和刮灰均需要工人手工反复的将腻子或原子灰涂覆在汽车车门表面,使得刮腻子和刮灰步骤施工进度缓慢,导致整个喷涂作业的周期较长,从而使得现有的汽车车门表面喷涂方法仅适用于小规模的喷涂处理,而不能满足当前汽车大规模生产的需要。
发明内容
[0003] 本发明旨在提供一种带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法,以解决上述问题。
[0004] 为实现上述目的,本发明的技术方案如下:
一种带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
a.对车体表面进行打磨,且在打磨过程使用细雾状水流对打磨处进行清洗,再采用去离子水和有机溶剂对车体表面进行清洁处理,使车体表面的光滑、干净无尘、无锈、无油脂;
b.对a步骤清洗处理过的材料进行干燥处理20—30min再对车门进行火焰处理或电晕放电的活性基团的表面处理,以增强车门表面吸附能力,至车门能够吸附的所述油漆的厚度达到预设范围为止;
c.对车门进行底漆的喷涂,喷涂时喷枪与喷涂表面的距离为10—30cm,保持喷枪与被涂物面呈直角运行,底层漆为白刚玉砂粒,使粗糙度达到8〜15μπι,并干燥30分钟;
d.接着对干燥过的车门进行磨平处理,在磨平过的车门上贴上颜色图案花型,对贴过花型的车门进行喷色,在喷色的过程中,喷涂时喷枪与喷涂表面的距离为10—15cm,保持喷枪与被涂物面呈直角运行;
e.再喷涂中涂层漆,所述中涂层漆为脂肪族聚氨酯玻璃鳞片漆,干燥0.5-1.5小时后连续在中涂层漆上喷涂三遍聚氨酯罩光清漆。
[0005] 进一步地,所述底层漆的涂层厚度为100μπι-120μπι。
[0006] 进一步地,所述中涂层漆的涂层厚度为130μηι-150μηι。
[0007] 进一步地,所述聚氨酯罩光清漆的涂层厚度为130μπι-150μπι。
[0008] 本发明的有益效果在于:本发明能显著提高涂层的机械性能和光泽度,从而提高了涂层的耐磨性、抗冲击性及保色保光性。
具体实施方式
[0009]下面结合具体实施例对本发明做进一步说明。
[0010] —种带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
a.对车体表面进行打磨,且在打磨过程使用细雾状水流对打磨处进行清洗,再采用去离子水和有机溶剂对车体表面进行清洁处理,使车体表面的光滑、干净无尘、无锈、无油脂;
b.对a步骤清洗处理过的材料进行干燥处理20—30min再对车门进行火焰处理或电晕放电的活性基团的表面处理,以增强车门表面吸附能力,至车门能够吸附的所述油漆的厚度达到预设范围为止;
c.对车门进行底漆的喷涂,喷涂时喷枪与喷涂表面的距离为10—30cm,保持喷枪与被涂物面呈直角运行,底层漆为白刚玉砂粒,使粗糙度达到8〜15μπι,并干燥30分钟;
d.接着对干燥过的车门进行磨平处理,在磨平过的车门上贴上颜色图案花型,对贴过花型的车门进行喷色,在喷色的过程中,喷涂时喷枪与喷涂表面的距离为10—15cm,保持喷枪与被涂物面呈直角运行;
e.再喷涂中涂层漆,所述中涂层漆为脂肪族聚氨酯玻璃鳞片漆,干燥0.5-1.5小时后连续在中涂层漆上喷涂三遍聚氨酯罩光清漆。
[0011] 所述底层漆的涂层厚度为100μπι-120μπι。所述中涂层漆的涂层厚度为130μπι-150μm。所述聚氨酯罩光清漆的涂层厚度为130μηι-150μηι。
[0012] 本发明能显著提高涂层的机械性能和光泽度,从而提高了涂层的耐磨性、抗冲击性及保色保光性。
[0013]以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,本发明可以有各种更改和变化。凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (4)

1.一种带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤: a.对车体表面进行打磨,且在打磨过程使用细雾状水流对打磨处进行清洗,再采用去离子水和有机溶剂对车体表面进行清洁处理,使车体表面的光滑、干净无尘、无锈、无油脂; b.对a步骤清洗处理过的材料进行干燥处理20—30min再对车门进行火焰处理或电晕放电的活性基团的表面处理,以增强车门表面吸附能力,至车门能够吸附的所述油漆的厚度达到预设范围为止; c.对车门进行底漆的喷涂,喷涂时喷枪与喷涂表面的距离为10—30cm,保持喷枪与被涂物面呈直角运行,底层漆为白刚玉砂粒,使粗糙度达到8〜15μπι,并干燥30分钟; d.接着对干燥过的车门进行磨平处理,在磨平过的车门上贴上颜色图案花型,对贴过花型的车门进行喷色,在喷色的过程中,喷涂时喷枪与喷涂表面的距离为10—15cm,保持喷枪与被涂物面呈直角运行; e.再喷涂中涂层漆,所述中涂层漆为脂肪族聚氨酯玻璃鳞片漆,干燥0.5-1.5小时后连续在中涂层漆上喷涂三遍聚氨酯罩光清漆。
2.根据权利要求1所述的带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法,其特征在于,所述底层漆的涂层厚度为 I OOum-120μηι。
3.根据权利要求1所述的带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法,其特征在于,所述中涂层漆的涂层厚度为13 Oym-15 Oym。
4.根据权利要求1所述的带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法,其特征在于,所述聚氨酯罩光清漆的涂层厚度为130μηι-150μηι。
CN201610759311.5A 2016-08-30 2016-08-30 一种带花纹车门活性漆喷涂方法 Withdrawn CN106362924A (zh)

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Cited By (2)

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CN107398412A (zh) * 2017-07-03 2017-11-28 重庆樽明汽车零部件有限公司 Pc梁钢接缝板防腐耐磨涂层涂装方法及pc梁钢接缝板
CN108790203A (zh) * 2017-12-31 2018-11-13 芜湖恒信汽车内饰制造有限公司 一种塑料后尾门的制作方法

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107398412A (zh) * 2017-07-03 2017-11-28 重庆樽明汽车零部件有限公司 Pc梁钢接缝板防腐耐磨涂层涂装方法及pc梁钢接缝板
CN108790203A (zh) * 2017-12-31 2018-11-13 芜湖恒信汽车内饰制造有限公司 一种塑料后尾门的制作方法

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Application publication date: 20170201