CN109249903B - Automatic cleaning device for high-speed train - Google Patents

Automatic cleaning device for high-speed train Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109249903B
CN109249903B CN201811133811.3A CN201811133811A CN109249903B CN 109249903 B CN109249903 B CN 109249903B CN 201811133811 A CN201811133811 A CN 201811133811A CN 109249903 B CN109249903 B CN 109249903B
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China
Prior art keywords
speed train
motor
telescopic motor
telescopic
rack
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CN201811133811.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN109249903A (en
Inventor
胡军
刘燕德
韦宝泉
刘新龙
杨文斌
李斌
吴�荣
吴建
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East China Jiaotong University
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East China Jiaotong University
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Priority to CN201811133811.3A priority Critical patent/CN109249903B/en
Publication of CN109249903A publication Critical patent/CN109249903A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S3/00Vehicle cleaning apparatus not integral with vehicles
    • B60S3/006Vehicle cleaning apparatus not integral with vehicles specially adapted for railway vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S3/00Vehicle cleaning apparatus not integral with vehicles
    • B60S3/04Vehicle cleaning apparatus not integral with vehicles for exteriors of land vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60SSERVICING, CLEANING, REPAIRING, SUPPORTING, LIFTING, OR MANOEUVRING OF VEHICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60S3/00Vehicle cleaning apparatus not integral with vehicles
    • B60S3/04Vehicle cleaning apparatus not integral with vehicles for exteriors of land vehicles
    • B60S3/06Vehicle cleaning apparatus not integral with vehicles for exteriors of land vehicles with rotary bodies contacting the vehicle
    • B60S3/063Vehicle cleaning apparatus not integral with vehicles for exteriors of land vehicles with rotary bodies contacting the vehicle the axis of rotation being approximately vertical

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train, which comprises a cross beam, a servo motor, a high-definition night vision camera, a first gear, a first rack, a second gear, a second rack, a water outlet pipe, an upper spring, side walls, a rolling brush, a lower spring, a bottom flushing machine, a crawler belt, a water pump, a controller and a top scrubbing plate.

Description

Automatic cleaning device for high-speed train
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of cleaning high-speed trains, in particular to an automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train.
Background
In order to ensure the safety of passengers and to make passengers feel comfortable, maintenance of the high-speed train is required, and daily cleaning becomes an indispensable part of the maintenance of the high-speed train. The high-speed train can run a certain mileage every day, and is easy to be polluted by dust in the running process, so that the train body is dirty, the appearance of the train and the image of a railway company are influenced, and meanwhile, the performance of some parts of the train can be influenced due to excessive accumulation of soil at the bottom of the train.
In the prior art, for the cleaning of the train, the train needs to be operated to drive into a special cleaning space, and cleaning is performed by cleaning staff, so that the working efficiency is low, the labor intensity is high, the utilization rate of the train is wasted, the use cost of the train is increased, and the manpower, material resources and financial resources are wasted.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the invention aims to provide the automatic cleaning device for the high-speed train, which is used for parking the high-speed train to be cleaned at a parking lot, lowering the pantograph, slowly clinging to the high-speed train to clean by the automatic cleaning device, simultaneously flushing the bottom of the high-speed train through a bottom flushing machine, and when the top of the high-speed train is cleaned, the top flushing plate reaches the pantograph to clean the next part by bypassing the pantograph, thereby effectively reducing the labor intensity of workers, improving the working efficiency, saving a large amount of material resources and financial resources and improving the utilization rate of the train.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides an automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train, which is implemented as follows:
the automatic cleaning device for the high-speed train comprises a cross beam, a servo motor, a high-definition night vision camera, a first gear, a first rack, a second gear, a second rack, a water outlet pipe, an upper spring, side walls, a rolling brush, a lower spring, a bottom flushing machine, a crawler belt, a water pump, a controller and a top scrubbing plate, wherein the cross beam and the two side walls form a portal frame, the cleaning of the high-speed train is completed by moving the position of the portal frame, the servo motor is arranged at the top of the cross beam, the first gear and the second gear are fixed on the rotating shaft of the servo motor, the first rack and the second rack are arranged at the top of the cross beam, the top scrubbing plate is arranged below the cross beam and connected with the first rack and the second rack for cleaning the roof of the high-speed train, the servo motor drives the first gear and the second gear to rotate at the same time to drive the first rack and the second rack respectively, the top scrubbing plates are driven to move together, so that the top of a high-speed train is cleaned more cleanly, three identical high-definition night vision cameras are uniformly arranged on the side surfaces of the cross beams and used for detecting the positions of pantographs, the top scrubbing plates are prevented from colliding with the pantographs, images of whether the high-speed train is cleaned or not are collected, water resources are saved, identical water outlet pipes are arranged on the edges of the cross beams and the two side walls and used for sprinkling water on the train body, rolling brushes are arranged on the two side walls and used for scrubbing the two sides of the train body, the rolling brushes are fixed on the side walls through upper springs and lower springs and are convenient for being pressed close to the train body to scrub, a bottom flushing machine is arranged below the side wall on the right of the portal frame and used for flushing the bottom of the high-speed train, tracks are arranged at the bottoms of the two side walls of the portal frame and used for driving the portal frame to move along the two sides of the high-speed train through the movement of the tracks, the water pump and the controller are arranged on the left side wall of the portal frame, the water pump is used for enhancing the flow rate of water, so that the area of water sprayed on a high-speed train by the water outlet pipe is wider, and the controller is used for controlling the crawler to advance, controlling the servo motor to rotate, controlling the top scrubbing plate to move up and down, processing images acquired by the high-definition night vision camera and controlling the bottom flushing machine and the water pump to work.
The distance between the two side walls of the invention is 20 cm than the width of a standard high-speed train, thereby preventing the two side walls from scratching the high-speed train and simultaneously providing a scrubbing space for the rolling brush.
After the high-speed train enters the portal frame, the upper springs and the lower springs on the two side walls simultaneously squeeze the rolling brush towards the vehicle body, so that the high-speed train is cleaner to clean.
The beam and the water outlet pipes on the two side walls are connected in series, and holes are uniformly formed in the water outlet pipes, so that water in the water outlet pipes can be conveniently sprayed to the whole body of the high-speed train.
The first gear, the first rack, the second gear and the second rack adopt a gear-rack transmission mode.
The top scrubbing plate comprises a first telescopic motor, a second telescopic motor, a steel wire mesh, a sponge and an ultrasonic sensor, wherein the bottom of the first telescopic motor is connected with the bottom of a first rack, the bottom of the second telescopic motor is connected with the bottom of a second rack, telescopic rods of the first telescopic motor and the second telescopic motor are connected with the steel wire mesh, the sponge is tightly attached to the surface of the steel wire mesh, the steel wire mesh with the sponge is attached to the top of a high-speed train by the first telescopic motor and the second telescopic motor, the steel wire mesh with the sponge is enabled to be in close contact with the top of the high-speed train at the same time, the arc surface of the steel wire mesh can be scrubbed cleanly through the flexibility of the steel wire mesh, and three identical ultrasonic sensors are arranged on the steel wire mesh and used for detecting the distance between the steel wire mesh and the roof of the high-speed train, so that the top scrubbing plate is prevented from being too tightly attached to the roof and scratching the roof of the high-speed train.
The sponge adopts the antistatic sponge, thereby avoiding the influence of static electricity on components of the high-speed train in the process of scrubbing the roof of the high-speed train.
The bottom flushing machine comprises a high-pressure pump, a third telescopic motor, a rotating motor, a high-definition camera group, an infrared camera and a cleaning pipe, wherein the high-pressure pump is used for enhancing water pressure passing through the cleaning pipe and is beneficial to the cleaning pipe to clean the bottom of a high-speed train, the third telescopic motor is arranged on the high-pressure pump and is used for extending the cleaning pipe to a position where the bottom of the high-speed train needs to be cleaned, the bottom of the rotating motor is fixed on a telescopic rod of the third telescopic motor, one end of the cleaning pipe is connected with a water outlet of the high-pressure pump, the other end of the cleaning pipe is fixed on a rotating shaft of the rotating motor, the rotating motor drives the cleaning pipe to rotate, so that the cleaning pipe can spray water to a position where the cleaning pipe needs to be cleaned, the high-definition camera group is arranged on the rotating shaft of the rotating motor and is used for guiding the third telescopic motor and the rotating motor to convey the cleaning pipe to corresponding cleaning positions, the infrared camera is arranged on the high-pressure pump and is used for detecting whether the telescopic rod or the rotating motor of the third telescopic motor contacts the wheel pair, when the telescopic rod or the rotating motor of the third telescopic motor contacts the wheel pair, the third telescopic motor and the rotating motor waits for the wheel pair, and the gantry is retracted after the third telescopic motor enters the third telescopic motor to the position, and the high-speed trolley pair rotates to be retracted to the bottom after the high-speed train.
When the third telescopic motor is retracted, the bottom flushing machine cannot touch the high-speed train.
The invention adopts the structure that the beam and the other side wall form the portal frame to clean the roof and the two sides of the vehicle body of the high-speed train and adopts the bottom scouring machine to rinse the bottom of the high-speed train, thereby the following beneficial effects can be obtained:
1. according to the invention, the top of the high-speed train is cleaned through the top scrubbing plate, and the two sides of the train body are cleaned through the rolling brush, so that the manual labor intensity is effectively reduced, the working efficiency is improved, a large amount of material resources and financial resources are saved, and the utilization rate of the train is improved.
2. According to the invention, the bottom of the high-speed train is washed by the bottom washing machine, so that the influence of bottom soil on bottom parts of the train is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an installation structure of an automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the top scrubbing plate of the automatic cleaning apparatus of the present invention for a high speed train;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the bottom washer of the automatic cleaning device of the high-speed train according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the operation of an automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train according to the present invention.
The principal reference numerals illustrate.
Cross beam 1 Servo motor 2
High-definition night vision camera 3 First gear 4
First rack 5 Second gear 6
Second rack 7 Water outlet pipe 8
Upper spring 9 Side wall 10
Rolling brush 11 Lower spring 12
Bottom flushing machine 13 Caterpillar band 14
Water pump 15 Controller for controlling a power supply 16
Top scrubbing plate 17 First telescopic motor 18
Second telescopic motor 19 Steel wire mesh 20
Sponge 21 Ultrasonic sensor 22
High-pressure pump 23 Third telescopic motor 24
Rotary electric machine 25 High definition camera group 26
Infrared camera 27 Cleaning tube 28
Detailed Description
The invention will be described in further detail below with reference to examples and with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, an automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train in the invention is shown, which comprises a cross beam 1, a servo motor 2, a high-definition night vision camera 3, a first gear 4, a first rack 5, a second gear 6, a second rack 7, a water outlet pipe 8, an upper spring 9, a side wall 10, a rolling brush 11, a lower spring 12, a bottom washer 13, a crawler 14, a water pump 15, a controller 16 and a top scrubbing plate 17.
As shown in fig. 1, the beam 1 and two side walls 10 form a portal frame, the cleaning of the high-speed train is completed by moving the position of the portal frame, the servo motor 2 is installed at the top of the beam 1, the first gear 4 and the second gear 6 are fixed on the rotating shaft of the servo motor 2, the first rack 5 and the second rack 7 are installed at the top of the beam 1, the top scrubbing plate 17 is installed below the beam 1 and connected with the first rack 5 and the second rack 7 for cleaning the roof of the high-speed train, the servo motor 2 drives the first gear 4 and the second gear 6 to rotate simultaneously, the first rack 5 and the second rack 7 are driven respectively, the top scrubbing plate 17 is driven to move together, the cleaning of the top of the high-speed train is cleaner, three identical high-definition night vision cameras 3 are uniformly installed at the side surface of the beam 1 for detecting the position of a pantograph, when the top scrubbing plate 17 is collected and approaches to a pantograph, the controller 16 controls the first telescopic motor 18 and the second telescopic motor 19 to lift the steel wire mesh 20 with the sponge 21, after the top scrubbing plate 17 skips over the pantograph, the controller 16 controls the first telescopic motor 18 and the second telescopic motor 19 to extend the steel wire mesh 20 with the sponge 21 to the roof to scrub, prevent the top scrubbing plate 17 from colliding with the pantograph, collect images of whether the high-speed train is cleaned or not, when the high-definition night vision camera 3 collects the roof of the high-speed train and is cleaned, the high-definition camera group 26 detects whether the vehicle bottom is cleaned or not, when the vehicle bottom is cleaned, the controller 16 controls the caterpillar 14, the servo motor 2, the first telescopic motor 18, the second telescopic motor 19, the third telescopic motor 24, the rotary motor 25, the water pump 15 and the high-pressure pump 23 to stop working, the water resource is saved, the same water outlet pipe 8 is arranged at the edges of the beam 1 and the left side wall 10 and the right side wall 10 for sprinkling water to a vehicle body, rolling brushes 11 are arranged on the two side walls 10 and used for scrubbing two sides of the vehicle body of a high-speed train, the rolling brushes 11 are fixed on the side walls 10 by upper springs 9 and lower springs 12, the rolling brushes 11 are convenient to be scrubbed close to the vehicle body, a bottom flusher 13 is arranged below the side wall 10 on the right side of the portal frame, the bottom of the high-speed train is flushed by the bottom flusher 13, tracks 14 are arranged at the bottoms of the two side walls 10 of the portal frame, the movement of the tracks 14 is used for driving the movement of the portal frame, so that the portal frame can move along the two sides of the high-speed train, a water pump 15 and a controller 16 are arranged on the side wall 10 on the left side of the portal frame, the water pump 15 is used for enhancing the flow velocity of water, the area of the water outlet pipe 8 which can be sprayed onto the high-speed train is wider, the controller 16 is used for controlling the track 14 to advance, the controller 16 controls the crawler 14 to slowly move the portal frame from the high-speed train, the controller 16 controls the water pump 15 to convey water to the water outlet pipe 8, then the water is sprayed on the roof and the two sides of the car body of the high-speed train, the servo motor 2 is controlled to rotate, the first gear 4 and the second gear 6 are driven to rotate at the same time, the first rack 5 and the second rack 7 are respectively driven, the top scrubbing plate 17 is driven to move together, the first telescopic motor 18 and the second telescopic motor 19 are controlled to extend the steel wire mesh 20 with the sponge 21 to the top of the high-speed train for scrubbing, the top scrubbing plate 17 is prevented from striking the pantograph, the ultrasonic sensor 22 is used for collecting the distance between the steel wire mesh 20 and the roof, the top scrubbing plate 17 is prevented from being stuck too tightly on the roof of the high-speed train, the position where the car bottom needs to be cleaned is collected by the high-definition camera group 26, and the data is transmitted to the controller 16, the controller 16 controls the third telescopic motor 24 to extend the rotary motor 25 and the cleaning pipe 28 to the bottom of the high-speed train to align the cleaning pipe 28 at a position to be cleaned, and controls the high-pressure pump 23 to open to spray water from the cleaning pipe 28 to flush the bottom of the train.
The distance between the left side wall 10 and the right side wall 10 is 20 cm larger than the width of a standard high-speed train, the left side wall 10 and the right side wall 10 are prevented from scratching the high-speed train, and meanwhile a scrubbing space is reserved for the rolling brush 11.
After the high-speed train enters the portal frame, the upper springs 9 and the lower springs 12 of the two side walls 10 simultaneously squeeze the rolling brushes 11 towards the vehicle body, so that the rolling brushes 11 are close to the two sides of the vehicle body for washing, and the high-speed train is cleaner.
The water outlet pipes 8 on the beam 1 and the left and right side walls 10 are connected in series, so that water from the water pump 15 can reach the water outlet pipes 8 on the beam 1 and the left and right side walls 10, holes are uniformly formed in the water outlet pipes 8, and water in the water outlet pipes 8 can be conveniently sprayed to the whole body of the high-speed train.
The first gear 4, the first rack 5, the second gear 6 and the second rack 7 of the water outlet pipe 8 on the beam 1 and the left and right side walls 10 all adopt a gear-rack transmission mode.
As shown in fig. 2, the top scrubbing plate 17 includes a first telescopic motor 18, a second telescopic motor 19, a steel wire mesh 20, a sponge 21, and an ultrasonic sensor 22, the bottom of the first telescopic motor 18 is connected with the bottom of the first rack 5, the bottom of the second telescopic motor 19 is connected with the bottom of the second rack 7, the telescopic rods of the first telescopic motor 18 and the second telescopic motor 19 are connected with the steel wire mesh 20, the sponge 21 is tightly attached to the surface of the steel wire mesh 20, the steel wire mesh 20 with the sponge 21 is simultaneously attached to the top of the high-speed train by the first telescopic motor 18 and the second telescopic motor 19, the top of the high-speed train is provided with a certain radian, the cambered surface where the steel wire mesh 20 exists can be scrubbed cleanly by the softness of the steel wire mesh 20, three identical ultrasonic sensors 22 are arranged on the steel wire mesh 20 and used for detecting the distance between the steel wire mesh 20 and the top of the high-speed train, the distance between the steel wire mesh 20 and the top of the high-speed train is a preset value, when the distance between the steel wire mesh 20 and the high-speed train is lower than the steel wire mesh 20 and the top of the high-speed train, the steel wire mesh 20 and the high-speed train is controlled by the controller 16, and the first telescopic distance between the steel wire mesh 20 and the top of the high-speed train is increased.
The sponge 21 adopts the antistatic sponge 21, so that the influence of static electricity on components of the high-speed train in the process of scrubbing the roof of the high-speed train is avoided.
As shown in fig. 3, the bottom flushing machine 13 includes a high-pressure pump 23, a third telescopic motor 24, a rotating motor 25, a high-definition camera group 26, an infrared camera 27 and a cleaning pipe 28, the high-pressure pump 23 is used for enhancing the water pressure passing through the cleaning pipe 28, which is favorable for the cleaning pipe 28 to clean the bottom of a high-speed train, the third telescopic motor 24 is installed on the high-pressure pump 23, which is used for guiding the cleaning pipe 28 to reach the position where the bottom of the high-speed train needs to be cleaned, the bottom of the rotating motor 25 is fixed on a telescopic rod of the third telescopic motor 24, one end of the cleaning pipe 28 is connected with a water outlet of the high-pressure pump 23, the other end of the cleaning pipe 28 is fixed on a rotating shaft of the rotating motor 25, the rotating motor 25 drives the cleaning pipe 28 to rotate, so that the cleaning pipe 28 can spray water to the position where the cleaning pipe needs to be cleaned, the high-definition camera group 26 is installed on the rotating shaft of the rotating motor 25, namely, three identical high-definition cameras are installed on the top of the rotating shaft around the rotating motor 25, so as to realize 360-degree scanning shooting, which is used for guiding the third telescopic motor 24 and the rotating motor 25 to convey the cleaning pipe 28 to the corresponding cleaning position, the infrared camera 27 is installed on the rotating motor 23 to the rotating motor 24 to the telescopic motor 24 or the telescopic motor 24 to be contacted with the third telescopic motor 24, or the third telescopic motor 24 to the third telescopic motor 24, and the third telescopic motor is contacted with the rotating and the telescopic motor, and the third telescopic motor 24, or the third telescopic motor is contacted with the rotating to the rotating and the telescopic motor 24, or the third telescopic motor 24 and the telescopic motor, and the third telescopic motor is contacted with the rotating the telescopic motor 24.
When the third telescopic motor 24 is retracted, the bottom flushing machine 13 cannot touch the high-speed train.
The working principle and working process of the invention are as follows:
the controller 16 controls the crawler 14 to slowly move the portal frame from the high-speed train, the controller 16 controls the water pump 15 to convey water to the water outlet pipe 8, then the water pump is sprayed on the roof and the two sides of the car body of the high-speed train, the servo motor 2 is controlled to rotate, the first gear 4 and the second gear 6 are driven to rotate at the same time, the first rack 5 and the second rack 7 are respectively driven, the top scrubbing plate 17 is driven to move together, the first telescopic motor 18 and the second telescopic motor 19 are controlled to stretch the steel wire mesh 20 with the sponge 21 to the top of the high-speed train to scrub, the crawler 14 drives the portal frame to slowly move forwards, the rolling brushes 11 on the side walls 10 on the left side and the right side of the portal frame are clung to the two sides of the car body of the high-speed train, the high-speed train body is scrubbed by the rolling brushes 11 on the two sides of the car body, the high-definition night vision camera 3 is used for collecting whether the top scrubbing plate 17 is close to the position of the pantograph, when the top scrubbing plate 17 is collected and approaches to a pantograph, the controller 16 controls the first telescopic motor 18 and the second telescopic motor 19 to lift the steel wire mesh 20 with the sponge 21, after the top scrubbing plate 17 skips over the pantograph, the image of whether the high-speed train is cleaned is collected at the same time, after the cleaning is finished, the automatic cleaning device of the high-speed train stops working, water resources are saved, the first telescopic motor 18 and the second telescopic motor 19 stretch the steel wire mesh 20 with the sponge 21 to the top of the high-speed train to scrub, the top scrubbing plate 17 is prevented from striking the pantograph, the ultrasonic sensor 22 is used for collecting the distance between the steel wire mesh 20 and the roof, the top scrubbing plate 17 is prevented from being stuck too tightly to scratch the roof of the high-speed train, the high-definition camera group 26 is used for collecting the position of the vehicle bottom, and then data is transmitted to the controller 16, the controller 16 controls the third telescopic motor 24 to extend the rotary motor 25 and the cleaning pipe 28 to the bottom of the high-speed train to align the cleaning pipe 28 at a position to be cleaned, and controls the high-pressure pump 23 to open to spray water from the cleaning pipe 28 to flush the bottom of the train.

Claims (9)

1. An automatic cleaning device of high-speed train, its characterized in that: comprises a beam, a servo motor, a high-definition night vision camera, a first gear, a first rack, a second gear, a second rack, a water outlet pipe, an upper spring, side walls, a rolling brush, a lower spring, a bottom flushing machine, a crawler belt, a water pump, a controller and a top scrubbing plate, wherein the beam and the two side walls form a portal frame, the servo motor is arranged at the top of the beam, the first gear and the second gear are fixed on the rotating shaft of the servo motor, the first rack and the second rack are arranged at the top of the beam, the top scrubbing plate is arranged below the beam and connected with the first rack and the second rack for cleaning the roof of a high-speed train, the servo motor drives the first gear and the second gear to rotate at the same time and respectively drive the first rack and the second rack, the high-definition night vision camera is arranged on the side face of the cross beam and used for detecting the position of the pantograph, preventing the top scrubbing plate from colliding with the pantograph and collecting images whether the high-speed train is cleaned, the same water outlet pipes are arranged on the edges of the cross beam and the two side walls and used for sprinkling water on the train body, rolling brushes are arranged on the two side walls and used for scrubbing the two sides of the train body of the high-speed train and are fixed on the side walls by the upper springs and the lower springs, a bottom flushing machine is arranged below the side walls and used for flushing the bottom of the high-speed train, the two side wall bottoms of the portal frame are provided with the tracks, the movement of the portal frame is driven by the movement of the tracks, so that the portal frame can move along the two sides of the high-speed train, the water pump and the controller are arranged on the side wall, and the controller is used for controlling the crawler to advance, controlling the servo motor to rotate, controlling the top scrubbing plate to move up and down, processing images acquired by the high-definition night vision camera and controlling the bottom flushing machine and the water pump to work;
the bottom flushing machine comprises a high-pressure pump, a third telescopic motor, a rotating motor, a high-definition camera group, an infrared camera and a cleaning pipe, wherein the high-pressure pump is used for enhancing water pressure passing through the cleaning pipe, the third telescopic motor is installed on the high-pressure pump and used for enabling the cleaning pipe to extend to a position where cleaning is needed at the bottom of a high-speed train, the bottom of the rotating motor is fixed on a telescopic rod of the third telescopic motor, one end of the cleaning pipe is connected with a water outlet of the high-pressure pump, the other end of the cleaning pipe is fixed on a rotating shaft of the rotating motor, the cleaning pipe is driven by the rotating motor to rotate, so that the cleaning pipe can spray water to a position where cleaning is needed, the high-definition camera group is installed on the rotating shaft of the rotating motor and used for guiding the third telescopic motor and the rotating motor to convey the cleaning pipe to corresponding cleaning positions, the infrared camera is installed on the high-pressure pump and used for detecting whether the telescopic rod of the third telescopic motor is contacted with a wheel pair, and when the telescopic rod of the third telescopic motor or the rotating motor is contacted with the rotating motor, the telescopic rod of the third telescopic motor is retracted to the high-speed train, and the high-speed train is conveyed to the rotating the high-speed trolley after the telescopic rod is retracted to the rotating.
2. An automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train according to claim 1, characterized in that: the top scrubbing plate comprises a first telescopic motor, a second telescopic motor, a steel wire mesh, a sponge and an ultrasonic sensor, wherein the bottom of the first telescopic motor is connected with the bottom of a first rack, the bottom of the second telescopic motor is connected with the bottom of a second rack, the telescopic rods of the first telescopic motor and the second telescopic motor are connected with the steel wire mesh, the sponge is clung to the surface of the steel wire mesh, and the first telescopic motor and the second telescopic motor simultaneously enable the steel wire mesh with the sponge to be clung to the top of a high-speed train.
3. An automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train according to claim 2, characterized in that: the steel wire mesh is provided with an ultrasonic sensor for detecting the distance between the steel wire mesh and the roof of the high-speed train, and the roof scrubbing plate is prevented from being stuck too tightly to the roof to scratch the roof of the high-speed train.
4. An automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train according to claim 2, characterized in that: the wire net is equipped with three the same ultrasonic sensor, when ultrasonic sensor detects the wire net is less than the distance of preset value with the high-speed train roof, the controller control first flexible motor or the second flexible motor increases the distance of wire net with the high-speed train roof.
5. An automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train according to claim 1, characterized in that: and three identical high-definition night vision cameras are uniformly arranged on the side face of the cross beam.
6. An automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train according to claim 4, wherein: when the high-definition night vision camera collects that the top scrubbing plate is close to the pantograph, the controller controls the first telescopic motor and the second telescopic motor to lift the steel wire gauze with the sponge, and after the top scrubbing plate skips the pantograph, the controller controls the first telescopic motor and the second telescopic motor to stretch the steel wire gauze with the sponge to the roof for scrubbing.
7. An automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train according to claim 2, characterized in that: the sponge adopts the antistatic sponge, avoids producing static and influencing the components and parts of high-speed train in the in-process of scrubbing the roof of high-speed train.
8. An automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train according to claim 2, characterized in that: when the high-definition night vision camera collects that the roof of the high-speed train is washed, and the bottom of the train is washed, the controller controls the crawler belt, the servo motor, the first telescopic motor, the second telescopic motor, the third telescopic motor, the rotating motor, the water pump and the high-pressure pump to stop working, and water resources are saved.
9. An automatic cleaning device for a high-speed train according to claim 1, characterized in that: the water outlet pipes on the cross beam and the left side wall and the right side wall are connected in series, so that water from the water pump can reach the water outlet pipes on the cross beam and the left side wall and the right side wall, holes are uniformly formed in the water outlet pipes, and water in the water outlet pipes can be conveniently sprayed to the whole car body of the high-speed train.
CN201811133811.3A 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 Automatic cleaning device for high-speed train Active CN109249903B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811133811.3A CN109249903B (en) 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 Automatic cleaning device for high-speed train

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811133811.3A CN109249903B (en) 2018-09-27 2018-09-27 Automatic cleaning device for high-speed train

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CN109249903A CN109249903A (en) 2019-01-22
CN109249903B true CN109249903B (en) 2023-09-12

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