CN109228767B - Movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine and working method thereof - Google Patents

Movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109228767B
CN109228767B CN201811336250.7A CN201811336250A CN109228767B CN 109228767 B CN109228767 B CN 109228767B CN 201811336250 A CN201811336250 A CN 201811336250A CN 109228767 B CN109228767 B CN 109228767B
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Prior art keywords
axis
discharging
feeding
materials
installation block
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CN109228767A (en
Inventor
宋祖成
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Shenzhen Tongkuai Electromechanical Co ltd
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Shenzhen Tongkuai Electromechanical Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B1/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
    • B25J11/00Manipulators not otherwise provided for
    • B25J11/005Manipulators for mechanical processing tasks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
    • B25J15/00Gripping heads and other end effectors
    • B25J15/06Gripping heads and other end effectors with vacuum or magnetic holding means
    • B25J15/0616Gripping heads and other end effectors with vacuum or magnetic holding means with vacuum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B1/00Artist's machines or apparatus equipped with tools or work holders moving or able to be controlled three-dimensionally for making single sculptures or models
    • B44B1/06Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B2700/00Machines, apparatus, tools or accessories for artistic work
    • B44B2700/04Machines or tools for carving
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B2700/00Machines, apparatus, tools or accessories for artistic work
    • B44B2700/12Accessories; Tool or work holders

Abstract

The utility model discloses a movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine and a working method thereof. The glass engraving and milling machine can realize non-stop and continuous material taking, discharging and processing, improves the processing efficiency, has simple structure, small occupied area, is easy to maintain and reduces the production cost.

Description

Movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine and working method thereof
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of engraving and milling machines, and particularly relates to a movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine and a working method thereof.
Background
The glass engraving and milling machine is one of numerical control machine tools and is mainly applied to the fine processing and special-shaped cutting of various ultrathin glasses.
For convenience of explanation, an X-Y-Z coordinate system is established, wherein an X-Y plane formed by orthogonal X-axis and Y-axis is a horizontal plane, the Z-axis is perpendicular to the X-Y plane, most four-head engraving and milling machines popular in the market are of gantry type structures, a Y-axis moving part is arranged below a main shaft mechanism, cutting fluid is easy to enter, the maintenance rate of the Y-axis moving part is very high, the maintenance cost is increased, and in the prior art, a workbench is arranged on the Y-axis moving part and is a moving mechanism. In order to realize loading and unloading, the manipulator needs to wait for the work table to be stationary and then can work, and the spindle mechanism needs to wait for the manipulator to be reloaded and can work, so that the wheel operation can not be realized, and the machining efficiency is low. The existing manipulator is realized by adopting a screw rod movement module, the installation position is required to be designed on the machine tool body, an interference interval is avoided, the occupied area and the manufacturing cost of equipment are greatly increased, the structure is complex, and the maintenance is particularly difficult.
In the patent application with the application number of CN201620329456.7, an automatic feeding and discharging device of a glass engraving and milling machine is disclosed, the automatic feeding and discharging device comprises a glass engraving and milling machine body and an automatic feeding and discharging device body, wherein the glass engraving and milling machine body comprises a machine base body, a workbench capable of moving back and forth is arranged on the machine base body, the automatic feeding and discharging device body is arranged on the workbench, a stand column is arranged on the machine base body, a tool apron capable of moving up and down on the stand column and a controller are arranged on the stand column, the automatic feeding and discharging device body comprises a base plate connected with the workbench, a support body and a plurality of station devices are arranged on the base plate, and a manipulator device capable of moving on the support body is arranged on the support body. The manipulator device on the support body places the mobile phone cover plate glass to be processed on the station device, then the workbench is moved to the working area of the tool apron through the controller, and then the controller controls the tool apron to move so as to complete the processing of the mobile phone cover plate glass. After the processing is finished, the mobile phone cover plate glass is taken down from the station device by the manipulator device, and the feeding and discharging operation is completed.
However, the workbench of the automatic feeding and discharging device of the glass engraving and milling machine disclosed by the above disclosure can move back and forth, is a movement mechanism, and is used for realizing feeding and discharging, the manipulator device can work after waiting for the workbench to be stationary, and the tool apron can work after waiting for the manipulator to change materials, so that the wheel operation cannot be realized, and the machining efficiency is low. The manipulator device is realized by adopting the screw rod movement module, the installation position is required to be designed on the machine tool body, the occupied area and the manufacturing cost of equipment are greatly increased, the structure is complex, and the maintenance is particularly difficult.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems, the utility model aims to provide the movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine and the working method thereof, which can realize continuous feeding and discharging and material processing without stopping, improve the processing efficiency, and have the advantages of simple structure, small occupied area, easy maintenance and reduced production cost.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model provides a movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine, which comprises a base, a processing mechanism for processing materials, a feeding and discharging manipulator and a workbench, wherein the feeding and discharging manipulator and the processing mechanism are both arranged on the base, one end of the feeding and discharging manipulator is slidably connected to the base, and the other end of the feeding and discharging manipulator can take and discharge materials. In the utility model, the engraving and milling machine comprises the base, the processing mechanism and the feeding and discharging mechanical arm, has simple structure, small occupied area and easy maintenance, and reduces the production cost; when the processing mechanism processes the material at a certain position of the workbench, the material processed at the other position is taken away by the feeding and discharging mechanical arm and changed into unprocessed material, after the material at the certain position is processed by the processing mechanism, the material at the other position is continuously processed, and at the moment, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm slides to take away the material at the certain position which is just processed and change into unprocessed material, and the processing efficiency is improved by the structure and the position arrangement.
Further, a switching seat is further fixed on the base, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm is in sliding connection with the switching seat to achieve left and right sliding on the base, the workbench is fixed on the base, the processing mechanism is in sliding connection with the base and is close to one side of the workbench, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm is close to the other side of the workbench, the workbench comprises a plurality of stations, the plurality of stations are divided into two groups and are arranged at intervals, a material frame is further arranged on the base, and the other end of the feeding and discharging mechanical arm can rotate back and forth between the material frame and the stations to achieve material taking and discharging. According to the utility model, the glass engraving and milling machine is of a movable column structure, namely, the workbench is fixed, the bearing weight is large, the rigidity and the precision are high, the protection performance is good, the workbench is kept static in the processing process, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm can be stopped for taking and discharging materials without stopping, the processing efficiency is improved, the workbench is separated from the feeding and discharging mechanical arm and the processing mechanism, the workbench is not interfered with each other, moving parts in the processing mechanism are not easily affected by cutting fluid to cause faults, the maintenance cost is reduced, the occupied area of the glass engraving and milling machine is small through the arrangement of the feeding and discharging mechanical arm, the processing is convenient, the whole structure of the glass engraving and milling machine is simple, and the production cost and the maintenance cost are reduced.
Further, the feeding and discharging manipulator comprises a bottom plate, a joint mechanism and a sucker mechanism for taking and discharging materials, wherein the bottom plate is slidably connected to the switching seat, one end of the joint mechanism is rotatably connected with the bottom plate, and the other end of the joint mechanism is rotatably connected with the sucker mechanism. In the utility model, the loading and unloading manipulator has the advantages of simple structure, small occupied space, easy protection and low production cost, and the joint mechanism can rotate by taking one end of the connecting bottom plate as the axis, thereby realizing flexible multi-angle material taking and discharging.
Further, the joint mechanism comprises a first rotating component and a second rotating component, one end of the first rotating component is rotatably connected with the bottom plate, the other end of the first rotating component is rotatably connected with one end of the second rotating component, and the other end of the second rotating component is rotatably connected with the sucker mechanism; the first rotating assembly comprises a first joint piece and a first force arm, the second rotating assembly comprises a second joint piece, a second force arm and a third joint piece, one end of the first force arm is rotatably connected with the bottom plate through the first joint piece, the other end of the first force arm is rotatably connected with one end of the second force arm through the second joint piece, and the other end of the second force arm is rotatably connected with the sucker mechanism through the third joint piece. According to the utility model, through the arrangement of the first joint piece, the first force arm can rotate by taking the first joint piece as the axis, so that the sucker mechanism is driven to turn left and right; through the arrangement of the second joint piece, the second force arm can rotate by taking the second joint piece as the axis, so as to drive the sucker mechanism to turn up and down; through the setting of third joint spare, can drive sucking disc subassembly and rotate when making the rotation of third joint spare, get the blowing that the unloading manipulator can be nimble multi-angle is realized, the use of this glass cnc engraving and milling machine is more convenient.
Further, the sucking disc mechanism comprises a connecting piece and a sucking disc component for taking and placing materials, the connecting piece is rotatably connected with the third joint piece, and the sucking disc component is fixed on the connecting piece; the sucker assembly comprises a mounting plate, a first material tray and a second material tray, and the first material tray and the second material tray are respectively fixed on two side surfaces of the connecting piece through the mounting plate. According to the utility model, through the arrangement, the sucker assembly can rotate by the third joint part, the first material tray or the second material tray is used for taking processed materials and then rotating the processed materials to the other surface, and unprocessed materials are placed by the second material tray or the first material tray, so that the processing efficiency of the glass engraving and milling machine is improved.
Further, the processing mechanism comprises an X-axis mechanism, a Y-axis mechanism, a Z-axis mechanism and a main shaft mechanism, wherein the X-axis mechanism is slidably connected to the base, the Y-axis mechanism is slidably connected to the X-axis mechanism and is located above the X-axis mechanism, the Z-axis mechanism is slidably connected to the Y-axis mechanism, and the main shaft mechanism is slidably connected to the Z-axis mechanism. In the utility model, the main shaft mechanism is used for processing materials, the Y-axis mechanism is arranged above the X-axis to prevent the Y-axis mechanism from being corroded and rusted by cutting fluid, and meanwhile, the processing mechanism and the workbench are separated and are independent from each other in space, and the processing mechanism moves for processing, so that the movable column structure enables the protection of moving parts to be very simple and reliable, and the workbench is ensured to be static in the processing process, thereby ensuring the non-stop processing of the processing mechanism, improving the processing efficiency and simultaneously ensuring the Y-axis mechanism not to be corroded and rusted by the cutting fluid.
Further, the Z-axis mechanism is positioned above the Y-axis mechanism, and the main shaft mechanism is positioned in front of the Z-axis mechanism; the X-axis mechanism comprises an X-axis guide rail and an X-axis installation block, the X-axis guide rail is fixed on the base, the X-axis installation block is connected to the X-axis guide rail in a sliding manner, the X-axis installation block can move left and right on the X-axis guide rail, and the Y-axis mechanism is connected to the X-axis installation block in a sliding manner and is positioned above the X-axis installation block;
the Y-axis mechanism comprises a Y-axis guide rail and a Y-axis installation block, the Y-axis guide rail is fixed on the X-axis installation block, the Y-axis installation block is connected to the Y-axis guide rail in a sliding manner, the Y-axis installation block can move back and forth on the Y-axis guide rail, and the Z-axis mechanism is connected to the Y-axis installation block in a sliding manner and is positioned above the Y-axis installation block;
the Z-axis mechanism comprises a Z-axis guide rail and a Z-axis installation block, the Z-axis installation block is fixed above the Y-axis installation block, the Z-axis guide rail is vertically fixed in front of the Z-axis installation block, and the spindle mechanism is slidably connected to the Z-axis guide rail and can move up and down in front of the Z-axis installation block. According to the utility model, a plurality of Z-axis guide rails can be arranged in front of the Z-axis installation block according to the requirement, and a plurality of spindle mechanisms are connected in a sliding manner, so that the expansibility is good, and through the arrangement, the three axes of the X-axis mechanism, the Y-axis mechanism and the Z-axis mechanism are overlapped, so that the structure is simple, the production cost is low, the occupied area is small, and the spindle mechanisms can move left and right, front and back and up and down, and can flexibly work.
Further, the spindle mechanism comprises a spindle mounting block, a spindle fixing block, a spindle and a cutter, wherein the spindle mounting block is slidably connected to the front of the Z-axis mounting block, the spindle is fixed to the front of the spindle mounting block through the spindle fixing block, and the cutter is fixed to the bottom of the spindle. According to the utility model, through the arrangement, the cutter can drive the spindle to move up and down in front of the Z-axis installation block along with the spindle installation block so as to process the lower material, and the glass engraving and milling machine can process products better.
The utility model also provides a working method of the movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine, which comprises the following steps:
step S1, feeding, namely taking unprocessed materials from a material frame through a sucker assembly of a feeding and discharging manipulator, and then placing the unprocessed materials on two groups of stations;
step S2, machining, namely machining the unprocessed material on one group of stations by a machining mechanism through a main shaft mechanism after the feeding and discharging mechanical arm is fed, and moving the unprocessed material to the other group of stations for machining after the machining is finished;
and S3, taking and discharging materials, wherein after the materials on one group of stations are processed by the processing mechanism, the processed materials are taken away by the feeding and discharging mechanical arm, and then new unprocessed materials are placed on the stations. According to the utility model, through the arrangement, the wheel-driven non-stop processing can be realized, and the processing efficiency is greatly improved.
Further, in step S1, the number of the spindle mechanism, the chuck assembly and each group of stations is equal, the chuck assembly includes a first tray and a second tray, when the loading and unloading manipulator places unprocessed materials of the first tray and the second tray on two groups of stations, the chuck assembly is rotated to the material frame to take materials by the first tray or the second tray, at this time, when one group of materials are processed by the processing mechanism and moved to another group of stations to process, the chuck assembly immediately takes the processed materials by the second tray or the first tray, then places unprocessed materials newly taken by the first tray or the second tray on the stations, and repeatedly rotates the chuck assembly to the material frame to take materials by the first tray or the second tray, thereby realizing the processing of rotation without stop.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that: compared with the prior art, the engraving and milling machine comprises the base, the processing mechanism and the feeding and discharging mechanical arm, and is simple in structure, small in occupied area, easy to maintain and low in production cost; when the processing mechanism processes the material at a certain position of the workbench, the material processed at the other position is taken away by the feeding and discharging mechanical arm and changed into unprocessed material, after the material at the certain position is processed by the processing mechanism, the material at the other position is continuously processed, and at the moment, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm slides to take away the material at the certain position which is just processed and change into unprocessed material, and the processing efficiency is improved by the structure and the position arrangement.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a first angle schematic diagram of an embodiment of a movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is a second angular schematic view of an embodiment of a movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is a partially enlarged schematic illustration of an embodiment of a movable column type automatic loading and unloading glass engraving and milling machine of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a loading and unloading manipulator of a movable column type automatic loading and unloading glass engraving and milling machine of the present utility model.
Detailed Description
The present utility model will be described in further detail with reference to the drawings and examples, in order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present utility model more apparent. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the utility model.
Referring to fig. 1-4, in order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model provides a movable column type automatic loading and unloading glass engraving and milling machine, which comprises a base 1, a processing mechanism 2 for processing materials, a loading and unloading manipulator 3 for taking and unloading materials, and a workbench 4, wherein the workbench 4 and the processing mechanism 2 are arranged on the base 1, one end of the loading and unloading manipulator 3 is slidably connected on the base 1, and the other end of the loading and unloading manipulator 3 can take and unload materials. In the utility model, the engraving and milling machine comprises the base 1, the processing mechanism 2 and the feeding and discharging manipulator 3, has simple structure, small occupied area and easy maintenance, and reduces the production cost; when the processing mechanism 2 processes the material at a certain position of the workbench 4, the material processed at the other position is taken away by the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 3 and changed into unprocessed material, after the material at the certain position is processed by the processing mechanism 2, the material at the other position is continuously processed, at this time, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 3 slides to take away the material at the certain position which is just processed and changed into unprocessed material, and the processing efficiency is improved by the structure and the position arrangement.
In the utility model, the control end for controlling the working of the processing mechanism and the feeding and discharging manipulator is the prior art, and the functions can be realized.
In this embodiment, a switching seat 11 is further fixed on the base 1, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 3 is slidably connected on the switching seat 11 to slide left and right on the base 1, the workbench 4 is fixed on the base 1, the processing mechanism 2 is slidably connected on the base 1 and is close to one side of the workbench 4, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 3 is close to the other side of the workbench 4, the workbench 4 comprises a plurality of stations 41, the plurality of stations 41 are divided into two groups, the two groups are arranged at intervals, a material frame 12 is further arranged on the base 1, and the other end of the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 3 can rotate back and forth between the material frame 12 and the stations 41 to achieve material taking and discharging. In the utility model, the glass engraving and milling machine is of a movable column structure, namely, the workbench 4 is fixed, the bearing weight is large, the rigidity and the precision are high, the protection performance is good, the workbench 4 is kept static in the processing process, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 3 can be used for taking and discharging materials without stopping, the processing efficiency is improved, the workbench 4 is distinguished from the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 3 and the processing mechanism 2, the two mechanical arms do not interfere with each other, moving parts in the processing mechanism 2 are not easily affected by cutting fluid to cause faults, the maintenance cost is reduced, the occupied area of the glass engraving and milling machine is small through the arrangement of the feeding and discharging mechanical arm 3, the processing is convenient, the whole structure of the glass engraving and milling machine is simple, and the production cost and the maintenance cost are reduced.
In the utility model, the switching seat 11 can be realized by an air cylinder or a servo module, so that the feeding and discharging manipulator 3 can slide left and right on the switching seat 11, and the position switching of the two groups of stations 41 is completed.
In this embodiment, the loading and unloading manipulator 3 includes a base plate 31, a joint mechanism 32, and a suction cup mechanism 33 for taking and placing materials, the base plate 31 is slidably connected to the switching seat 11, one end of the joint mechanism 32 is rotatably connected to the base plate 31, and the other end of the joint mechanism 32 is rotatably connected to the suction cup mechanism 33. In the utility model, the loading and unloading manipulator 3 has the advantages of simple structure, small occupied space, easy protection and low production cost, and the joint mechanism 32 can rotate by taking one end of the connecting bottom plate 31 as the axis, thereby realizing flexible multi-angle material taking and unloading.
In this embodiment, the joint mechanism 32 includes a first rotating component 321 and a second rotating component 322, one end of the first rotating component 321 is rotatably connected with the bottom plate 31, the other end of the first rotating component 321 is rotatably connected with one end of the second rotating component 322, and the other end of the second rotating component 322 is rotatably connected with the sucking disc mechanism 33; the first rotating assembly 321 includes a first joint member 3211 and a first force arm 3212, the second rotating assembly 322 includes a second joint member 3221, a second force arm 3222 and a third joint member 3223, one end of the first force arm 3212 is rotatably connected to the base plate 31 through the first joint member 3211, the other end of the first force arm 3212 is rotatably connected to one end of the second force arm 3222 through the second joint member 3221, and the other end of the second force arm 3222 is rotatably connected to the suction cup mechanism 33 through the third joint member 3223. In the utility model, through the arrangement of the first joint member 3211, the first force arm 3212 can rotate by taking the first joint member 3211 as the axis, thereby driving the sucking disc mechanism 33 to turn left and right; by the arrangement of the second joint piece 3221, the second force arm 3222 can rotate by taking the second joint piece 3221 as the axle center, so as to drive the sucker mechanism 33 to turn up and down; through the setting of third joint 3223, can drive sucking disc subassembly 332 and rotate when making third joint 3223 rotate, realize getting the blowing that unloading manipulator 3 can nimble multi-angle, make things convenient for the use of this glass cnc engraving and milling machine more.
In the utility model, the rotation of the first joint piece 3211, the second joint piece 3221 and the third joint piece 3223 can be realized through the DD motor, and the traditional speed reducer and the traditional servo motor are replaced, so that the whole volume of the feeding and discharging manipulator 3 is smaller, and the control is more flexible.
In this embodiment, the suction cup mechanism 33 includes a connecting member 331 and a suction cup assembly 332 for taking and placing materials, the connecting member 331 is rotatably connected with the third joint member 3223, and the suction cup assembly 332 is fixed on the connecting member 331; the suction cup assembly 332 includes a mounting plate 3321, a first tray 3322 and a second tray 3323, and the first tray 3322 and the second tray 3323 are respectively fixed on two sides of the connecting member 331 through the mounting plate 3321. In the present utility model, by the above arrangement, the suction cup assembly 332 can rotate by itself of the third joint 3223, so that the first tray 3322 or the second tray 3323 is used to take out the processed material and then rotate the processed material to the other side, and the second tray 3323 or the first tray 3322 is used to place the unprocessed material, thereby improving the processing efficiency of the glass engraving and milling machine.
In the present utility model, a clamp is provided at station 41 for clamping the material.
In this embodiment, the processing mechanism 2 includes an X-axis mechanism 21, a Y-axis mechanism 22, a Z-axis mechanism 23, and a spindle mechanism 24, wherein the X-axis mechanism 21 is slidably connected to the base, the Y-axis mechanism 22 is slidably connected to the X-axis mechanism 21 and is located above the X-axis mechanism 21, the Z-axis mechanism 23 is slidably connected to the Y-axis mechanism 22, and the spindle mechanism 24 is slidably connected to the Z-axis mechanism 23. In the utility model, the main shaft mechanism 24 is used for processing materials, the Y-axis mechanism 22 is arranged above the X-axis to prevent the Y-axis mechanism 22 from being corroded and rusted by cutting fluid, meanwhile, the processing mechanism 2 and the workbench 4 are separated and are independent in space, the processing mechanism 2 moves for processing, the movable column structure enables the protection of moving parts to be very simple and reliable, the workbench 4 can be ensured to be static in the processing process, the guarantee is provided for the non-stop processing of the processing mechanism 2, and the Y-axis mechanism 22 is not corroded and rusted by the cutting fluid while the processing efficiency is improved.
In the present embodiment, the Z-axis mechanism 23 is located above the Y-axis mechanism 22, and the spindle mechanism 24 is located in front of the Z-axis mechanism 23; the X-axis mechanism 21 comprises an X-axis guide rail 211 and an X-axis mounting block 212, the X-axis guide rail 211 is fixed on the base, the X-axis mounting block 212 is slidably connected to the X-axis guide rail 211, the X-axis mounting block 212 can move left and right on the X-axis guide rail 211, and the Y-axis mechanism 22 is slidably connected to the X-axis mounting block 212 and is positioned above the X-axis mounting block 212;
the Y-axis mechanism 22 comprises a Y-axis guide rail 221 and a Y-axis installation block 222, the Y-axis guide rail 221 is fixed on the X-axis installation block 212, the Y-axis installation block 222 is slidably connected on the Y-axis guide rail 221, the Y-axis installation block 222 can move back and forth on the Y-axis guide rail 221, and the Z-axis mechanism 23 is slidably connected on the Y-axis installation block 222 and is positioned above the Y-axis installation block 222;
the Z-axis mechanism 23 comprises a Z-axis guide rail 231 and a Z-axis mounting block 232, the Z-axis mounting block 232 is fixed above the Y-axis mounting block 222, the Z-axis guide rail 231 is vertically fixed in front of the Z-axis mounting block 232, the spindle mechanism 24 is slidably connected to the Z-axis guide rail 231, and the spindle mechanism 24 can move up and down in front of the Z-axis mounting block 232. In the utility model, a plurality of Z-axis guide rails 231 can be arranged in front of the Z-axis mounting block 232 according to the requirement, and a plurality of spindle mechanisms 24 are connected in a sliding manner, so that the expansibility is good, the three axes of the X-axis mechanism 21, the Y-axis mechanism 22 and the Z-axis mechanism 23 are overlapped, the structure is simple, the production cost is low, the occupied area is small, and the spindle mechanisms 24 can move left and right, front and back and up and down, and can flexibly work.
In this embodiment, the spindle mechanism 24 includes a spindle mounting block 241, a spindle fixing block 242, a spindle 243 and a tool 244, the spindle mounting block 241 is slidably connected in front of the Z-axis mounting block 232, the spindle 243 is fixed in front of the spindle mounting block 241 by the spindle fixing block 242, and the tool 244 is fixed at the bottom of the spindle 243. In the present utility model, by the above arrangement, the cutter 244 can move up and down in front of the Z-axis mounting block 232 along with the spindle mounting block 241 to process the material below, so that the glass cnc engraving and milling machine can process the product better.
In the present utility model, the X-axis mechanism 21 is driven by a linear motor to slide left and right on the base, the Y-axis mechanism 22 is driven by a linear motor to slide back and forth above the X-axis mechanism 21, and the main shaft mechanism 24 is driven by a linear motor to slide back and forth in front of the Y-axis mechanism 22. The linear motor is adopted for driving, so that the control of the processing mechanism 2 is more flexible and the processing is convenient.
In the present utility model, the spindle mechanism 24, the chuck assembly 332 and each group of stations 41 may be plural in number, which makes the processing efficiency higher.
The utility model also provides a working method of the movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine, which comprises the following steps:
step S1, feeding, namely taking unprocessed materials from a material frame 12 through a sucker assembly 332 of a feeding and discharging manipulator 3, and then placing the unprocessed materials on two groups of stations;
step S2, processing, namely after the loading and unloading manipulator 3 loads, the processing mechanism 2 firstly processes unprocessed materials on one group of stations through the main shaft mechanism 24, and then moves to the other group of stations for processing after the processing is completed;
and S3, taking and discharging materials, wherein after the processing mechanism 2 processes the materials on one group of stations, the loading and unloading manipulator 3 takes away the processed materials, and then a new unprocessed material is placed on the stations. According to the utility model, through the arrangement, the wheel-driven non-stop processing can be realized, and the processing efficiency is greatly improved.
In this embodiment, in step S1, the number of the spindle mechanism 24, the chuck assembly 332 and each set of stations is equal, the chuck assembly 332 includes a first tray 3322 and a second tray 3323, when the loading and unloading manipulator 3 places the unprocessed materials of the first tray 3322 and the second tray 3323 on both sets of stations, then rotates the chuck assembly 332 to the frame 12 to take the material of the first tray 3322 or the second tray 3323, at this time, when the processing mechanism 2 processes the material of one set, moves to the other set of stations to process, the chuck assembly 332 immediately removes the processed material of the second tray 3323 or the first tray 3322, places the unprocessed material newly taken by the first tray 3322 or the second tray 3323 on the stations, places the processed material on the stations, and repeatedly rotates the chuck assembly 332 to the frame 12 to take the material of the first tray 3322 or the second tray 3323, so as to realize the processing without stopping the rotation.
In the utility model, the steps are only embodiments of the glass engraving and milling machine, wherein the embodiments can realize wheel movement, taking and discharging, the sequence of the steps is not limited, and the steps capable of realizing processing without stopping the wheel movement are all the protection scope of the utility model.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that: compared with the prior art, the engraving and milling machine comprises the base, the processing mechanism and the feeding and discharging mechanical arm, and is simple in structure, small in occupied area, easy to maintain and low in production cost; when the processing mechanism processes the material at a certain position of the workbench, the material processed at the other position is taken away by the feeding and discharging mechanical arm and changed into unprocessed material, after the material at the certain position is processed by the processing mechanism, the material at the other position is continuously processed, and at the moment, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm slides to take away the material at the certain position which is just processed and change into unprocessed material, and the processing efficiency is improved by the structure and the position arrangement.
The foregoing description of the preferred embodiments of the utility model is not intended to be limiting, but rather is intended to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and principles of the utility model.

Claims (4)

1. The movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine is characterized by comprising a base, a processing mechanism for processing materials, a feeding and discharging manipulator and a workbench, wherein the feeding and discharging manipulator and the processing mechanism are both arranged on the base, one end of the feeding and discharging manipulator is slidably connected to the base, and the other end of the feeding and discharging manipulator can take and discharge materials;
the base is also fixedly provided with a switching seat, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm is connected with the switching seat in a sliding manner to realize left and right sliding on the base, the workbench is fixed on the base, the processing mechanism is connected with the base in a sliding manner and is close to one side of the workbench, the feeding and discharging mechanical arm is close to the other side of the workbench, the workbench comprises a plurality of stations, the stations are divided into two groups and are arranged at intervals, the base is also provided with a material frame, and the other end of the feeding and discharging mechanical arm can rotate back and forth between the material frame and the stations to realize taking and discharging;
the feeding and discharging manipulator comprises a bottom plate, a joint mechanism and a sucker mechanism for taking and discharging materials, wherein the bottom plate is connected to the switching seat in a sliding manner, one end of the joint mechanism is rotatably connected with the bottom plate, and the other end of the joint mechanism is rotatably connected with the sucker mechanism;
the joint mechanism comprises a first rotating assembly and a second rotating assembly, one end of the first rotating assembly is rotatably connected with the bottom plate, the other end of the first rotating assembly is rotatably connected with one end of the second rotating assembly, and the other end of the second rotating assembly is rotatably connected with the sucker mechanism; the first rotating assembly comprises a first joint piece and a first force arm, the second rotating assembly comprises a second joint piece, a second force arm and a third joint piece, one end of the first force arm is rotatably connected with the bottom plate through the first joint piece, the other end of the first force arm is rotatably connected with one end of the second force arm through the second joint piece, and the other end of the second force arm is rotatably connected with the sucker mechanism through the third joint piece;
the sucking disc mechanism comprises a connecting piece and a sucking disc component for taking and placing materials, the connecting piece is rotatably connected with the third joint piece, and the sucking disc component is fixed on the connecting piece; the sucker assembly comprises a mounting plate, a first material tray and a second material tray, and the first material tray and the second material tray are respectively fixed on two side surfaces of the connecting piece through the mounting plate;
the processing mechanism comprises an X-axis mechanism, a Y-axis mechanism, a Z-axis mechanism and a main shaft mechanism, wherein the X-axis mechanism is connected to the base in a sliding manner, the Y-axis mechanism is connected to the X-axis mechanism in a sliding manner and is positioned above the X-axis mechanism, the Z-axis mechanism is connected to the Y-axis mechanism in a sliding manner, and the main shaft mechanism is connected to the Z-axis mechanism in a sliding manner;
the number of the main shaft mechanism, the sucker assemblies and each group of stations is equal, the sucker assemblies comprise a first material tray and a second material tray, when the feeding and discharging mechanical arm is used for placing unprocessed materials of the first material tray and the second material tray on the two groups of stations, the sucker assemblies are rotated to the material frame to take materials by the first material tray or the second material tray, at the moment, when one group of materials are processed by the processing mechanism, the processing mechanism is moved to the other group of stations to process, the sucker assemblies immediately remove the processed materials by the second material tray or the first material tray, the unprocessed materials newly taken by the first material tray or the second material tray are placed on the stations, and the sucker assemblies are repeatedly rotated to the material frame to take materials by the first material tray or the second material tray, so that the processing of wheel movement without stop is realized.
2. The movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine according to claim 1, wherein the Z-axis mechanism is positioned above the Y-axis mechanism, and the main shaft mechanism is positioned in front of the Z-axis mechanism; the X-axis mechanism comprises an X-axis guide rail and an X-axis installation block, the X-axis guide rail is fixed on the base, the X-axis installation block is connected to the X-axis guide rail in a sliding manner, the X-axis installation block can move left and right on the X-axis guide rail, and the Y-axis mechanism is connected to the X-axis installation block in a sliding manner and is positioned above the X-axis installation block;
the Y-axis mechanism comprises a Y-axis guide rail and a Y-axis installation block, the Y-axis guide rail is fixed on the X-axis installation block, the Y-axis installation block is connected to the Y-axis guide rail in a sliding manner, the Y-axis installation block can move back and forth on the Y-axis guide rail, and the Z-axis mechanism is connected to the Y-axis installation block in a sliding manner and is positioned above the Y-axis installation block;
the Z-axis mechanism comprises a Z-axis guide rail and a Z-axis installation block, the Z-axis installation block is fixed above the Y-axis installation block, the Z-axis guide rail is vertically fixed in front of the Z-axis installation block, and the spindle mechanism is slidably connected to the Z-axis guide rail and can move up and down in front of the Z-axis installation block.
3. The movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine according to claim 2, wherein the main shaft mechanism comprises a main shaft mounting block, a main shaft fixing block, a main shaft and a cutter, the main shaft mounting block is slidably connected to the front of the Z-axis mounting block, the main shaft is fixed to the front of the main shaft mounting block through the main shaft fixing block, and the cutter is fixed to the bottom of the main shaft.
4. A working method applied to the movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3, which is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step S1, feeding, namely taking unprocessed materials from a material frame through a sucker assembly of a feeding and discharging manipulator, and then placing the unprocessed materials on two groups of stations;
step S2, machining, namely machining the unprocessed material on one group of stations by a machining mechanism through a main shaft mechanism after the feeding and discharging mechanical arm is fed, and moving the unprocessed material to the other group of stations for machining after the machining is finished;
and S3, taking and discharging materials, wherein after the materials on one group of stations are processed by the processing mechanism, the processed materials are taken away by the feeding and discharging mechanical arm, and then new unprocessed materials are placed on the stations.
CN201811336250.7A 2018-11-09 2018-11-09 Movable column type automatic feeding and discharging glass engraving and milling machine and working method thereof Active CN109228767B (en)

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