CN108935048B - Strawberry soilless culture method and culture rack - Google Patents

Strawberry soilless culture method and culture rack Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108935048B
CN108935048B CN201810909845.0A CN201810909845A CN108935048B CN 108935048 B CN108935048 B CN 108935048B CN 201810909845 A CN201810909845 A CN 201810909845A CN 108935048 B CN108935048 B CN 108935048B
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cultivation
groove
degrees
turning
fruits
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CN108935048A (en
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何伟
刘奕辰
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Hunan Dajie Agricultural Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Hunan Dajie Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

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  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of strawberry planting, and particularly relates to a strawberry soilless culture method and a strawberry soilless culture frame. Firstly, turning over the turning part on the cultivation frame by 15 degrees, irradiating the plants by utilizing a directional light source after sterilization and disinfection, moving the seedlings into the cultivation frame along the groove wall of the cultivation groove, and introducing nutrient solution. Then the shading part of the cultivation groove is opened to shade the side wall of the cultivation groove at the turning part, and then the seedling absorbs the illumination from the notch far away from the shading part by directional illumination, and the plant grows directionally by utilizing the phototaxis of the plant. The fruit bearing device enters the fruit bearing device after the flowering period, the frame body is further turned over, the turning angle reaches 20 degrees, so that the fruits are deviated to one side due to weight as early as possible until the mature picking period, the turning angle is increased when the fruits are picked, the fruits are gathered on one side as far as possible, workers can conveniently pick the fruits in a centralized manner, and meanwhile, the fruits are exposed out from a humid environment of plants and are not easy to rot. After picking, the turning angle is turned to 20 degrees, and immature fruits continue to grow.

Description

Strawberry soilless culture method and culture rack
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of strawberry planting, and particularly relates to a strawberry soilless culture method and a strawberry soilless culture frame.
Background
The strawberry is also called as red strawberry, ocean strawberry, rubus corchorifolius etc., and is a red fruit. Strawberry is a generic term for plants of the genus strawberry of the family Rosaceae, and belongs to perennial herbaceous plants. The strawberry is heart-shaped, delicious, red and tender, juicy, and has special strong fruit fragrance. The strawberry has high nutritive value, is rich in vitamin C, has the effect of helping digestion, and meanwhile, can consolidate the gum, refresh the breath and moisten the throat.
At present, the strawberry planting method mainly comprises soil cultivation and soilless cultivation. The disadvantages of soil cultivation are: due to the fact that nutrients in soil are reduced after the strawberries are cultivated in successive years, the planted strawberries are small in size, light in taste and high in pest resistance, and a large amount of pesticides are needed to be sprayed to remove pests and diseases. The soilless culture has the advantages that: the root system of the crop is fixed in an organic or inorganic matrix, and the nutrient solution rich in the crop content is supplied by a drip irrigation or trickle irrigation method. Meanwhile, the method has incomparable advantages of soil culture in the aspects of overcoming soil-borne diseases and insect pests and continuous cropping obstacles, reducing the pesticide consumption, producing pollution-free fruits and the like, can greatly improve the commodity rate of strawberry fruits, and can realize high yield, high quality and high efficiency.
Most of the existing farms adopt soilless culture to plant strawberries, and strawberry plants are not high and are usually between 30 cm and 60 cm. Therefore, the cultivation frame is mostly of a three-dimensional structure, and the planting space can be saved to a great extent. However, plants on the three-dimensional cultivation frame all grow vertically, the resulting strawberries are hidden in plant clusters, the picking is hard, and the labor intensity is high. Meanwhile, the strawberries are hidden in the plant clusters, so that the rotten fruits are easy to happen, and the achievement rate is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a strawberry soilless culture method and a strawberry soilless culture frame, which aim to solve the technical problems that plants of existing strawberries grow vertically, the resulting strawberries are hidden in plant clusters, picking is hard, and labor intensity is high.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme that the strawberry soilless culture method comprises the following steps: A. the method comprises the following steps of building a frame body of the cultivation frame, wherein a plurality of planting layers are arranged on the frame body, each planting layer is provided with an overturning part, the upward overturning angle range of the overturning part is 0-45 degrees, and the overturning part is firstly overturned to 15 degrees; B. sterilizing, namely placing a cultivation groove on the planting layer, detachably connecting the bottom of the cultivation groove with the turnover part, and sterilizing the cultivation groove after the cultivation groove is installed; C. transplanting seedlings, namely transplanting the seedlings, introducing nutrient solution and submerging the roots of the seedlings; D. directional shading, namely arranging a shading part on the side wall of the cultivation groove which is turned upwards and opening the shading part; E. directional illumination, namely fixing a light source above the opening of the inclined cultivation groove, wherein the straight line formed by the center point of the side wall of the cultivation groove which is turned upwards and the light source is in an included angle state with the horizontal line, and the included angle ranges from 45 degrees to 90 degrees; F. in the flowering period, ensuring that the illumination amount is 1.6-1.75 ten thousand LUX every day in the flowering period, the illumination time is 12-14 hours, simultaneously replacing the nutrient solution, and adding vitamin C and sesame oil residue powder into the nutrient solution; G. in the fruit setting period, the frame body is continuously turned, the turning angle is increased to 20 degrees, and the nutrient solution which is newly proportioned is replaced; H. and in the mature picking period, discharging the nutrient solution in the cultivation groove, lifting the turnover angle of the frame body to 45 degrees, picking, turning the turnover angle of the frame body to 20 degrees after picking, introducing the nutrient solution again to submerge the roots of the plants, and standing for the next batch of strawberry fruits to be mature.
The basic principle of the method is as follows: overturn 15 with the upset portion on the cultivation frame earlier, the upset portion is connected with the cultivation groove like this, and the cultivation groove can incline certain angle like this, after the disinfection of disinfecting, utilizes directional light source to shine the plant, moves into the seedling along the cell wall of cultivation groove, lets in the nutrient solution, floods the seedling root, and nutrient solution and seedling all concentrate in the low of cultivation groove like this, and the seedling root system can fully submerge in the nutrient solution, and the seedling can fully absorb the nutrient. Then the shading part of the cultivation groove is opened to shade the side wall of the cultivation groove at the turning part, and then the seedling absorbs the illumination from the notch far away from the shading part by directional illumination, and the plant grows upwards directionally by utilizing the phototaxis of the plant. When the plants enter the flowering phase, vitamin C and sesame oil residue powder are added to ensure sufficient nutrition in the flowering phase. The fruit bearing device enters the fruit bearing device after the flowering period, the frame body is further overturned, the overturning angle reaches 20 degrees, the fruits are enabled to be deviated to one side due to weight as early as possible, but the plant branches and stems cannot be broken due to overlarge weight until the mature picking period, the overturning angle is increased during picking, the fruits are gathered on one side as far as possible, workers can conveniently collect the fruits in a concentrated manner, the overturning angle is turned to 20 degrees after picking, and the immature fruits continue to grow.
The method has the beneficial effects that: the method can lead the seedlings to grow in a biased way, thus leading the fruits in the later period to be concentrated to one side because of gravity, being convenient for picking, and simultaneously leading the fruits to be exposed from the humid environment of plants and not easy to rot.
The cultivation frame for the strawberry soilless cultivation method comprises a frame body and cultivation grooves detachably connected with the frame body, wherein a plurality of cultivation layers are arranged on the frame body, a plurality of cultivation grooves are connected with each cultivation layer, a turnover part is radially arranged at the position where the frame body and the cultivation grooves coincide, the turnover part and the cultivation grooves are detachably connected, the turnover part comprises a turnover plate, one side of the turnover plate is hinged with the cultivation layers, a support piece is vertically and slidably connected with the lower end face of the turnover plate, a first sliding groove along the length direction of the groove body is slidably connected with the lower end of the support piece, and locking pieces are arranged on two side walls, opposite to each other in the; the cultivation groove includes the cell body, and the port rigid coupling has curved occlusion part on the cell body, and the occlusion part includes the dome-shaped sunshade that carries out the installation along port on the cell body, is equipped with the shielding piece that is used for sheltering from light on the dome-shaped sunshade, and the notch department of cultivation groove radially is equipped with the breast board that blocks the seedling and deviate from, is equipped with the through-hole that supplies seedling branch and leaf to stretch out on the breast board.
The basic principle of the cultivation frame is as follows: the frame body of the cultivation frame is provided with the turnover part, the turnover part is hinged with the frame body, and the turnover part can drive the groove body to turn over for a certain angle. Therefore, the groove body can be inclined at a certain angle, so that fruits on the plant are concentrated towards the inclined side, and the fruits are picked after being ripe. Meanwhile, the light shading plate on the groove body shades light, and by combining the method, the light source is arranged on the opposite side of the light shading plate, so that the phototaxis of the plant can enable the plant to grow directionally, and further, the fruits on the plant are concentrated to one side. The plant grows in a biased way, and the branches grow upwards in a naturally biased way, so that the branches have certain toughness and are not easy to break. Compared with the method that the branches of the vertically grown plants are laterally deviated by external force at the later stage to forcibly concentrate fruits on one side, the method has the advantages that the healthy growth of the branches needs to be protected to ensure the yield of the strawberries because the strawberries have multiple flowering periods.
This cultivation frame's beneficial effect:
1. this scheme can let the cultivation groove carry out the slope of certain angle, can adjust inclination simultaneously, and the fruit that lets on the plant is concentrated to the slope side, picks after being convenient for ripe.
2. The light screen on this scheme utilization cell body shelters from the light, combines above-mentioned method, is equipped with the light source at the opposite side of light screen, and the phototaxis of plant can let the plant directional grow upwards like this, further lets the fruit on the plant concentrate to one side, further is convenient for pick.
3. Compared with the method that the branches of the vertically-grown plants are laterally deviated by external force in the later period, the method for forcibly concentrating the fruits on one side is more effective, and the healthy growth of the branches needs to be protected to ensure the yield of the strawberries because the flowering period of the strawberries is repeated.
4. The scheme has simple and practical structure and is convenient for farm large-scale use.
Furthermore, the support piece is a slide bar, the length of the circular arch-shaped shielding plate is equal to the length of the groove body, the shielding piece is made of shading cloth, and the shading cloth covers the outer surface of the circular arch-shaped shielding plate and is fixedly connected with the circular arch-shaped shielding plate. The slide bar moves between the turnover plate and the first sliding groove, and when the position of the hinge point of the slide bar is closer to the hinge point of the turnover plate, the turnover angle is larger, and the slide bar can be adjusted more simply and quickly. The circular arch-shaped shielding plate is covered by the shading cloth, the structure is simple, and the cost is low.
Further, support piece is the gear, and gear axle center department is equipped with the rotation button, and the bottom has set firmly the rack in the first spout, rack and gear engagement, evenly is equipped with the breach on the radial relative lateral wall of first spout, and the breach on the relative lateral wall corresponds the setting, and relative breach department joint has the locking lever that is used for brake gear, and the diameter of locking lever is less than the width of breach, and the vertical articulated montant that has of one end of locking lever, montant lower extreme sliding connection have along first spout length direction's second spout. The gear is driven to rotate on the rack by the rotary button, so that the larger the overturning angle is when the gear approaches to the hinged part of the overturning plate. When the turnover plate is turned to a required position, the gear stops rotating, and then the stop rod is matched with the notch, so that the rack is kept at a corresponding position and does not move any more.
Furthermore, the shielding part is a black flexible light shielding plate, and the light shielding plate covers the outer surface of the circular arch-shaped shielding plate and is connected with the circular arch-shaped shielding plate through pins, so that the installation and the replacement are convenient.
Furthermore, the locking piece is a locking nut, so that the fastening is convenient, and the maintenance and the replacement are convenient.
Drawings
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the following figures and detailed description:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment 1 of a cultivation shelf;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a cultivation shelf in embodiment 2.
Detailed Description
The following is further detailed by way of specific embodiments:
reference numerals in the drawings of the specification include: the device comprises a frame body 1, a cultivation groove 2, a turnover plate 3, a sliding rod 4, a first sliding groove 5, a locking nut 6, a circular arch-shaped shielding plate 7, shading cloth 8, a gear 9, a rotating button 10, a rack 11, a notch 12, a stop rod 13, a vertical rod 14, a second sliding groove 15, a shading plate 16 and a light source 17.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1: the strawberry soilless culture method comprises the following steps: build support body 1 of cultivation frame, support body 1 is equipped with a plurality of planting layers 1a, all is equipped with the upset portion on every layer planting layer 1a, and the ascending upset angle scope of upset portion is 0 ~ 45, turns over upset portion to 15 earlier.
The disinfection of disinfecting, place cultivation groove 2 on the support body 1, cultivation groove 2 can be dismantled with the upset and be connected, disinfects the disinfection to it after installing cultivation groove 2.
Transplanting seedlings, namely transplanting the seedlings into the cultivation groove 2 along the groove wall, introducing nutrient solution, and submerging the roots of the seedlings.
Directional shading, namely arranging shading parts on the side walls of the cultivation grooves 2 which are turned upwards and opening the shading parts;
directional illumination is carried out, the light source 17 is fixed above the opening of the inclined cultivation groove 2, the straight line formed by the central point of the upward-turned side wall of the cultivation groove 2 and the light source 17 is in an included angle state with the horizontal line, and the included angle ranges from 45 degrees to 90 degrees.
And in the flowering period, ensuring that the illumination amount is 1.6-1.75 ten thousand LUX every day in the flowering period, the illumination time is 12-14 hours, simultaneously replacing the nutrient solution, and adding vitamin C and sesame oil residue powder into the nutrient solution.
And in the fruit setting period, the frame body 1 is continuously turned, the turning angle is increased to 20 degrees, and the nutrient solution which is newly proportioned is replaced.
In the mature picking period, the nutrient solution in the cultivation groove 2 is discharged, the turning angle of the frame body 1 is lifted to 45 degrees for picking, the turning angle of the frame body 1 is turned to 20 degrees after picking, the nutrient solution is introduced again to submerge the roots of the plants, and the next batch of strawberry fruits are still waiting for ripening.
Overturn 15 with the upset portion on the cultivation frame earlier, the upset portion is connected with cultivation groove 2 like this, and cultivation groove 2 can incline certain angle like this, after the disinfection of disinfecting, utilizes directional light source 17 to shine the plant, moves into the seedling along the cell wall of cultivation groove 2, lets in the nutrient solution, submerges the seedling root, and nutrient solution and seedling are all concentrated in the low of cultivation groove 2 like this, and the seedling root system can fully submerge in the nutrient solution, and the seedling can fully absorb the nutrient. Then the shading part of the cultivation groove 2 is opened, the side wall of the cultivation groove 2 at the turning part is shaded, then the illumination is directed, the seedlings absorb the illumination from the notch far away from the shading part, and the plant grows directionally by utilizing the phototaxis of the plant. When the plants enter the flowering phase, vitamin C and sesame oil residue powder are added to ensure sufficient nutrition in the flowering phase. The fruit bearing device enters the fruit bearing device after the flowering period, the frame body 1 is further overturned, the overturning angle reaches 20 degrees, the fruits are enabled to be deviated to one side due to weight as early as possible, the plant branches and stems cannot be broken due to overlarge weight until the picking period of maturity, the overturning angle is increased during picking, the fruits are gathered on one side as far as possible, workers can conveniently collect the fruits intensively, the overturning angle is turned to 20 degrees after picking, and the immature fruits continue to grow. The method can lead the seedlings to grow in a biased way, thus leading the fruits in the later period to be concentrated to one side because of gravity, being convenient for picking, and simultaneously leading the fruits to be exposed from the humid environment of plants and not easy to rot.
The cultivation frame for the strawberry soilless cultivation method comprises a frame body 1 and cultivation grooves 2 detachably connected with the frame body, a plurality of planting layers 1a are arranged on the frame body 1, a plurality of cultivation grooves 2 are connected to each planting layer 1a, a turning part is radially arranged at the position where each layer of frame body 1 coincides with the cultivation grooves 2 and detachably connected with the cultivation grooves 2, the turning part comprises a turning plate 3, one side of the turning plate 3 is hinged to the planting layers 1a, a sliding rod 4 is vertically and slidably connected to the lower end face of the turning plate 3, a first sliding groove 5 is slidably connected to the lower end of the sliding rod 4 along the length direction of the frame body, and locking nuts 6 are arranged on two side walls, opposite to the first sliding groove 5 in the radial direction; the cultivation tank 2 comprises a tank body, an arc-shaped shielding part is fixedly connected to an upper port of the tank body, the shielding part comprises a circular arch-shaped shielding plate 7 which is installed along the upper port of the tank body, shading cloth 8 used for shielding light is arranged on the circular arch-shaped shielding plate 7, and the shading cloth 8 covers the outer surface of the circular arch-shaped shielding plate 7 and is fixedly connected with the same. The notch of the cultivation groove 2 is radially provided with a fence plate for blocking seedlings from coming off, and the fence plate is provided with a through hole for extending seedling branches and leaves.
The frame body 1 is of a multilayer structure, a plurality of cultivation grooves 2 are connected on the planting layer 1a of each layer through bolts, and the cultivation grooves 2 are connected on the planting layer 1a through the bolts when used. Every layer is planted on layer 1a and is radially all articulated with cultivation groove 2 coincidence department and have upset portion, articulates 3 one sides of returning face plate on planting layer 1a in this scheme, then directly will cultivate groove 2 and 3 direct bolted connections of returning face plate, can fully guarantee the effective upset of cultivation groove 2 like this. At this time, the turning angle of the cultivation tank 2 needs to be adjusted, the slide bar 4 is mainly used for sliding between the first slide groove 5 and the lower end face of the turning plate 3, and when the slide bar 4 is closer to the hinged part of the turning plate 3, the turning angle of the turning plate 3 is larger, so that the gradient of the cultivation tank 2 is larger. Meanwhile, the sliding rod 4 is fixed by bolts, and the side wall opposite to the first sliding groove 5 is provided with a through groove which is along the length direction of the first sliding groove 5 and is used for the sliding of the bolts, so that the bolts can slide on the through groove, and the sliding of the sliding rod 4 can be stopped when the bolts are screwed down. Carry out the dome sunshade 7 of installing along the cell body upper end mouth, at this moment, the arc side end face and the cultivation groove 2 laminating of dome sunshade 7, the interior concave surface of dome sunshade 7 is towards the low department after cultivation groove 2 slopes, and the area of 8 shading of shading cloth that set up like this at dome sunshade 7 surface is great, and the growth space of the branch of shutter department is less, the effect of directional guide is played in growth that can be better to the plant like this. The shading cloth 8 covers the outer surface of the circular arch-shaped shading plate 7 and is fixedly connected with the circular arch-shaped shading plate. The radial breast board that blocks the seedling and deviate from that is equipped with in 2 notch departments of cultivation groove, avoids the plant to deviate from cultivation groove 2 because of the slope like this, also can block that the nutrient solution flows out from cultivation groove 2. The side plates are provided with through holes for the branches and leaves of seedlings to extend out, and the seedlings can grow out from the through holes.
Set up upset portion on the planting layer 1a of cultivation frame, upset portion and support body 1 are articulated, and upset portion can drive the cell body and overturn certain angle together like this. Therefore, the groove body can be inclined at a certain angle, so that fruits on the plant are concentrated towards the inclined side, and the fruits are picked after being ripe. Meanwhile, the light shading plate 16 on the groove body shades light, and by combining the method, the light source 17 is arranged on the opposite side of the light shading plate 16, so that the phototaxis of the plant can enable the plant to grow directionally, and further, the fruits on the plant are concentrated to one side. The plant grows in a biased way, and the branches naturally grow in a biased way, so that the branches have certain toughness and are not easy to break. Compared with the method that the branches of the vertically grown plants are laterally deviated by external force at the later stage to forcibly concentrate fruits on one side, the method has the advantages that the healthy growth of the branches needs to be protected to ensure the yield of the strawberries because the strawberries have multiple flowering periods. Adopt slide bar 4 structure in this scheme, make whole cultivation frame simple structure, installation swift. The shading cloth 8 is adopted to cover the circular arch-shaped shading plate 7, the structure is simple, and the cost is low.
This cultivation frame's beneficial effect: this scheme can let cultivation groove 2 carry out the slope of certain angle, can adjust inclination simultaneously, lets the fruit on the plant concentrate to the slope side, is convenient for pick after ripe. The scheme utilizes the light screen 16 on the groove body to shield light, and the light source 17 is arranged on the opposite side of the light screen 16 by combining the method, so that the phototaxis of the plant can lead the plant to grow directionally, further leads the fruits on the plant to be concentrated to one side, and is further convenient for picking. Compared with the method that the branches of the vertically-grown plants are laterally deviated by external force in the later period, the method for forcibly concentrating the fruits on one side is more effective, and the healthy growth of the branches needs to be protected to ensure the yield of the strawberries because the flowering period of the strawberries is repeated. The scheme has simple and practical structure and is convenient for farm large-scale use.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 2: support piece is gear 9, 9 axle centers of gear department is equipped with rotation button 10, the bottom has set firmly rack 11 in the first spout 5, rack 11 and gear 9 meshing, evenly be equipped with breach 12 on the radial relative lateral wall of first spout 5, and breach 12 on the relative lateral wall corresponds the setting, 12 joint in relative breach has the locking rod 13 that is used for brake gear 9, the diameter of locking rod 13 is less than the width of breach 12, the vertical articulated montant 14 that has of one end of locking rod 13, 14 lower extreme sliding connection of montant has second spout 15 along 5 length direction of first spout. The gear 9 is driven by the rotating button 10 to rotate and move on the rack 11, so that the larger the turning angle is when the gear 9 approaches the hinged part of the turning plate 3. When the turnover plate 3 is turned to a required position, the gear 9 stops rotating, and then the stop rod 13 is matched with the notch 12 to keep the rack 11 at a corresponding position and not move any more. The shielding piece is a black flexible shielding plate 16, and the shielding plate 16 covers the outer surface of the circular arch shielding plate 7 and is connected with the circular arch shielding plate by pins, so that the installation and the replacement are convenient.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, it is possible to make various changes and modifications without departing from the structure of the present invention, and these should be considered as the protection scope of the present invention, which will not affect the effect of the implementation of the present invention and the utility of the patent.

Claims (6)

1. The strawberry soilless culture method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
A. the method comprises the following steps of building a frame body of the cultivation frame, wherein a plurality of planting layers are arranged on the frame body, each planting layer is provided with an overturning part, the upward overturning angle range of the overturning part is 0-45 degrees, and the overturning part is firstly overturned to 15 degrees;
B. sterilizing, namely placing a cultivation groove on the planting layer, detachably connecting the bottom of the cultivation groove with the turnover part, and sterilizing the cultivation groove after the cultivation groove is installed;
C. transplanting seedlings, namely transplanting the seedlings, introducing nutrient solution and submerging the roots of the seedlings;
D. directional shading, namely arranging a shading part on the side wall of the cultivation groove which is turned upwards and opening the shading part;
E. directional illumination, namely fixing a light source above the opening of the inclined cultivation groove, wherein the straight line formed by the center point of the side wall of the cultivation groove which is turned upwards and the light source is in an included angle state with the horizontal line, and the included angle ranges from 45 degrees to 90 degrees;
F. in the flowering period, ensuring that the illumination amount is 1.6-1.75 ten thousand LUX every day in the flowering period, the illumination time is 12-14 hours, simultaneously replacing the nutrient solution, and adding vitamin C and sesame oil residue powder into the nutrient solution;
G. in the fruit setting period, the frame body is continuously turned, the turning angle is increased to 20 degrees, and the nutrient solution which is newly proportioned is replaced;
H. and in the mature picking period, discharging the nutrient solution in the cultivation groove, lifting the turnover angle of the frame body to 45 degrees, picking, turning the turnover angle of the frame body to 20 degrees after picking, introducing the nutrient solution again to submerge the roots of the plants, and standing for the next batch of strawberry fruits to be mature.
2. A cultivation frame is used for the soilless culture method of strawberries as claimed in claim 1, and is characterized by comprising a frame body and cultivation grooves detachably connected with the frame body, wherein a plurality of planting layers are arranged on the frame body, a plurality of cultivation grooves are connected with each planting layer, a turning part is radially arranged at the position where the frame body and the cultivation grooves coincide, the turning part and the cultivation grooves are detachably connected, the turning part comprises a turning plate, one side of the turning plate is hinged with the planting layers, a supporting piece is vertically and slidably connected with the lower end face of the turning plate, a first sliding groove along the length direction of the groove body is slidably connected with the lower end of the supporting piece, and locking pieces are arranged on two side walls; the cultivation groove includes the cell body, and the port rigid coupling has curved occlusion part on the cell body, and the occlusion part includes the dome-shaped sunshade that carries out the installation along port on the cell body, is equipped with the shielding piece that is used for sheltering from light on the dome-shaped sunshade, and the notch department of cultivation groove radially is equipped with the breast board that blocks the seedling and deviate from, is equipped with the through-hole that supplies seedling branch and leaf to stretch out on the breast board.
3. The cultivation frame as claimed in claim 2, wherein the supporting member is a sliding bar, the length of the circular arch-shaped shielding plate is equal to the length of the trough body, and the shielding member is a shading cloth which covers the outer surface of the circular arch-shaped shielding plate and is fixedly connected with the circular arch-shaped shielding plate.
4. The cultivation frame according to claim 2, wherein the supporting member is a gear, a rotating button is arranged at the axis of the gear, a rack is fixedly arranged on the inner bottom surface of the first sliding groove, the rack is meshed with the gear, notches are uniformly arranged on the radially opposite side walls of the first sliding groove, the notches on the opposite side walls are correspondingly arranged, a stop rod for braking the gear is clamped at the opposite notch, the diameter of the stop rod is smaller than the width of the notch, a vertical rod is vertically hinged to one end of the stop rod, and a second sliding groove along the length direction of the first sliding groove is slidably connected to the lower end of the vertical rod.
5. The growing rack of claim 2, wherein the shade is a black flexible shade cloth covering the dome shaped outer surface and pinned to the dome shaped outer surface.
6. The cultivation shelf as claimed in claim 2, wherein the locking member is a locking nut.
CN201810909845.0A 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 Strawberry soilless culture method and culture rack Active CN108935048B (en)

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