CN108911758A - A kind of manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect - Google Patents

A kind of manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108911758A
CN108911758A CN201810586330.1A CN201810586330A CN108911758A CN 108911758 A CN108911758 A CN 108911758A CN 201810586330 A CN201810586330 A CN 201810586330A CN 108911758 A CN108911758 A CN 108911758A
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thin plate
ceramic thin
ink
organic
antifouling effect
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张煜琳
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Hubei Xing Rong Ceramics Co Ltd
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Hubei Xing Rong Ceramics Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/64Burning or sintering processes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5022Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with vitreous materials
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    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/86Glazes; Cold glazes
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    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/60Aspects relating to the preparation, properties or mechanical treatment of green bodies or pre-forms
    • C04B2235/612Machining
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
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    • C04B2235/00Aspects relating to ceramic starting mixtures or sintered ceramic products
    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance

Abstract

A kind of manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect comprising following steps:A, moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is made using punch forming after ceramic blank powder cloth;B, rubbing down processing is carried out to moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake;C, the adobe after step B rubbing down is sent into kiln, first time firing is carried out at 600-1050 DEG C;D, the organic penetration glaze ink of charity and organic penetration-assisting agent ink on the green body after first time is burnt into;E, second is carried out at 1150-1250 DEG C to be burnt into;F, it is polished, edging processing obtains ceramic thin plate product.The present invention is by using ceramic thin plate made from the above method, the permeable formation that penetration glaze ink is formed has certain thickness, and it penetrates into precoat, so that decorative pattern is wear-resistant, solve the printed decor for being printed to be formed by typical inkjet in the prior art do not have solid layer feeling and intolerant to abrasion the problems such as.

Description

A kind of manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect
Technical field
The present invention relates to architectural pottery technical field more particularly to a kind of manufacturers of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect Method.
Background technique
It is high-quality, multi-functional with the raising of housing industrialization and living standards of the people in modern architecture repairs profession The occupation rates of market of green building productions will be gradually expanded, product developing trend diversification, personalization, fashion-orientation, ring health care Kang Hua.For the requirement for adapting to today's society people, various Novel decoration materials come into being, and each product is imitated from early stage ornamental decorative Fruit increasingly tends to nature, elegance, tool personality elements to today.
Ceramic is various in style, pattern is abundant, good decorating effect, easily maintenance, and product pattern is naturally true to nature, deep to be consumed Person's favor.Wherein for large-sized ceramic tiles due to economical, beautiful, color is wide in variety and is widely adopted on decorative wall, cylinder.And For large-sized ceramic tiles due to having certain elasticity the characteristics of its own such as the thickness of brick body is thin, it is small to lay flat deformation, can be well Be attached on polish line operating platform, thus ceramic thin plate present technical field of construction and decoration materials application also increasingly Extensively, more and more popular with consumers, especially with the ceramic thin plate of translucency, however have in semi-transparency ceramics more Glass phase, therefore toughness is poor, easily broken, and ceramic thin plate thickness is smaller than the thickness of general ceramic thin plate, generally Thickness is not more than 6mm.
Ceramic ink jet printing technology is to be widely used in a kind of technology of ceramic thin plate production in recent years, will by spray head Ink printed is in decorative means such as adobe face instead conventional screen stamp, roller printing, since it is a kind of non-contact printing, Male and fomale(M&F) product " can be printed ", plate-making in kind is not needed, turns version simply rapidly, it can be achieved that personalized produce, production is reproducible, Thus use scope is more and more wider.But its disadvantage is that the decorative layer printed is excessively shallow, meanwhile, wearability after ink is fired It is poor, with the extension of use time, can decorative effect be had a greatly reduced quality, thus have and applied in the decorative layer after inkjet printing Clear frit or cloth clear frit, with the technique for protecting decorative layer decorative pattern.However, being clear frit or clear frit, in order to make to spray Better decorative effect is presented in black decorative layer, must just enhance the transparency, but while transparency raising, wearability can also decline (in order to increase transparency, mostly also become glaze paint while increasing glaze paint transparency containing cosolvents such as lead and zinc in glaze It is soft, not wear-resisting), thus still cannot fundamentally solve the problems, such as to keep long-term decorative effect.
Application number CN201210331440.6 discloses a kind of infiltration flower Imitation Rock Porcelain Tiles and its production method, is by water-soluble infiltration Flower ink is printed upon leaching on the starch adhesive on adobe surface by way of inkjet printing, although can generate centainly after infiltration The decorative pattern of depth, but because starch adhesive moisture content is higher, cause the infiltration difficulty of aqueous infiltration color glaze ink to increase, and due to brick Base moisture evaporation also be easy to cause faulty nozzle to spray head.In addition, being easily formed using the glaze slip that bell jar is drenched in adobe surface The defect of edge protrusion, the color difference control after being unfavorable for polishing.In addition, worldwide aqueous infiltrating glaze ink is until current Until and it is immature, be also applicable to far away on practical ink jet printer and produce.
Thus when firing due to bottom base shrinking percentage it is inconsistent, and then can be deformed, raw green strength reduces, and is easy Split brick.
Application number CN201110187245.6 discloses a kind of aqueous infiltrating glaze suitable for inkjet printing and its for making pottery The method of porcelain thin plate production, is directly to be printed upon aqueous infiltrating glaze on green body by inkjet printing, then spray water and help infiltration, and water etc. is existing There is aqueous penetration-assisting agent blank strength can be made to reduce, especially for ceramic thin plate, adobe thickness is less than 6.5mm, if infiltration is helped to use Aqueous penetration-assisting agent dosage is excessive, can cause blank deformation.But actually aqueous infiltrating glaze ink is up to the present and immature, also It is applicable to far away on practical ink jet printer and produces.
And the ceramic thin plate prepared in the prior art using flower mode is seeped makes thin because seeping the stomata generated during flower Plate is particularly easy to soil pick-up, and anti-pollution characteristic is poor, not easy to clean.
Summary of the invention
It is not wear-resisting it is an object of the invention to solve to print the printed decor to be formed by typical inkjet in the prior art Damage, three-dimensional sense are poor, and a kind of manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect is not proposed the problems such as resistant.
For this purpose, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect comprising following steps:
A, thickness≤6.5mm moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is made using punch forming after well known ceramic thin slab powder cloth;
B, rubbing down processing is carried out to moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake;
C, the adobe after step B rubbing down is sent into kiln, first time firing is carried out at 600-1050 DEG C;
D, the organic penetration glaze ink of charity and organic penetration-assisting agent ink on the green body after first time is burnt into;
E, second is carried out at 1150-1250 DEG C to be burnt into;
F, it is polished, edging processing obtains ceramic thin plate product.
In the prior art, kiln firing can be directly entered after ink-jet printed, this is for aqueous infiltrating agent.But it is used in this scheme Be organic penetration glaze ink, if directly entering kiln high temperature firing, the organic component in ink can volatilize, will affect color development in this way, If organic component remains in more in green body, the defects of being easy to appear stomata in firing, especially ceramic thin plate moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake Thickness≤6.5mm product, this phenomenon are particularly acute, or even can be because organic component residual is more to cause blank deformation.For Problem above is solved, after in the present solution, carrying out first time firing to green body, then the organic penetration glaze ink of charity and has machine aided infiltration Agent ink, the temperature of firing decomposes the water of constitution in green body for the first time, most of organic matter after-flames, forms a small number of stomatas, then The organic penetration glaze ink of charity and organic penetration-assisting agent ink, these stomatas are conducive to infiltration and the color development of ink, can save ink Water consumption, moreover, the organic component in ink can be waved with the stomata generated when first time is burnt into when being burnt into for second Hair, further promotes ink to spread, and after second of high temperature firing, and the liquid phase that high temperature generates closes stomata, obtains Gao Pin Matter product.Rubbing down processing is carried out to moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, the stomata on thin plate face can be made further to open, improves osmotic efficiency;In addition, into The processing of row rubbing down also makes the texture on thin plate face is clearer to show.
Preferably, one layer of decoration protective layer of charity in billet surface is further included the steps that between step D and step E.Dress Decorations protective layer can form one layer of glass state material after burning, and ceramic thin plate product resistance to soiling can be made more preferable, and more resistant to Abrasion.
Preferably, the distributing mode in step just breaks cloth in upper for fabric.The fabric of cloth is knit because being positive Layer decorative pattern is finer and smoother, and the exhaust effect of powder is easy to control in pressing process, and the quality of molding adobe can be improved, And reduce failure rate.It needs exist for illustrating, the conventional powder of fabric and the production of bottom material Ceramics thin plate.
Preferably, blank process is thrown in stepb and use 150 mesh abrasive disk 6-10 groups and wool felt disk 3-6 group, throw Mill cutting output is 0.3-1.2mm.Throw to reach after base green surface it is smooth, it is smooth, without obvious scratch, and cloth clean mark is in Present surface.
It is further preferred that the rubbing down cutting output is 0.5-0.8mm.
In fabric, horn of plenty decorative effect, wherein can contain some striped material, these striped powders pass through well known cloth Material technology (such as using feeler, patterned roller etc.) can form that graininess, striated of insertion etc. are abundant to be made in precoat The texture of type, but these textures show and unintelligible after punch forming can allow the above clean mark after throwing base processing It shows, enriches decorative effect.In addition, also making osmotic effect more preferable by throwing base processing, and ink use can be saved Amount reduces production cost.The grain decorating effect that the product infiltration decorative effect and cloth obtained after burning is formed mutually merges, and assigns Give the richer expressive force of product.
Preferably, organic infiltration color glaze ink is the mixture of acylate and ester in step D, wherein organic acid Salt be at least one of carboxyl acid group, sulfonate radical, sulfinate, thionothiolic acid root with the inorganic color development such as iron, cobalt, chromium, copper from The salt that at least one of son is constituted, the ester are that ester is long chain alkane, isooctyl acid methyl esters, at least one in pungent methyl caprate Kind.Above-mentioned various esters have the effect of improving the viscosity performance of ink, promote ink bleed.
It is further preferred that the acylate be the inorganic color development ion such as carboxyl acid group and iron, cobalt, chromium, copper in extremely A kind of salt of few composition.
Preferably, organic penetration-assisting agent ink in step D is the mixture of organic acid and ester, is organic liquid Material, wherein organic acid is at least one of carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, sulfinic acid, thionothiolic acid;Ester is long chain alkane, isooctyl acid first At least one of ester, pungent methyl caprate;Preferably, helping the infiltration time is 15-30 minutes.
It is further preferred that penetration depth is in 0.3-0.6mm when organic penetration-assisting agent ink is in 30 ± 10 Ke/㎡;When helping For penetration enhancer ink in 50 ± 10 Ke/㎡, penetration depth is in 0.5-0.8mm;When penetration-assisting agent ink is in 80 ± 20 Ke/㎡, infiltration Depth is in 0.7-1.0mm.
It preferably, is 0.1-2% titanium dioxide, 0.1-0.5% oxidation containing mass percent in fabric in step Zinc, 0.1-5% zirconium silicate or 0.5-5% help at least one of red dose.It is used herein above that help red dose of main component be to receive Rice silica, can buy, such as Mei Gao company in Duo Jia additive company.
Preferably, one of in the following way or protective layer is decorated in the mode charity of multiple combinations:Apply clear frit, paving The translucent dry granular of cloth or paving cloth clear frit.
Using after low temperature first sintering, then the mode of charity organic penetration glaze ink and organic penetration-assisting agent ink, it can The infiltration lane that ink is constituted with the stomata that the water of constitution and organic matter that allow in green body are formed, can be under less ink consumption The good and deeper infiltration decorative layer of color development is obtained, and in green body high-temperature sintering process, the liquid phase of generation can be by first time low temperature The stomata closing that firing generates, keeps the anti-pollution characteristic of product more preferable.And because first time low-temperature sintering allows green body to have centainly Intensity avoids the influence under organic penetration glaze ink and organic larger situation of penetration-assisting agent ink consumption to blank strength.
Furthermore it is preferred that preferably, dry, a dry temperature is include thed steps that before to ceramic thin plate moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake rubbing down Degree is 150-350 DEG C, drying time >=10 minute.By the way that this step is arranged, adobe can be allowed preferably to carry out rubbing down, through this step After rapid drying, it can complete to be burnt into for the first time at 600-750 DEG C, it is energy saving, reduce energy consumption.
By using ceramic thin plate made from the above method, the permeable formation that penetration glaze ink is formed has certain thick the present invention Degree, and penetrate into precoat, so that decorative pattern is wear-resistant, solve in the prior art to print by typical inkjet to be formed Printed decor do not have solid layer feeling and intolerant to abrasion the problems such as.And the ceramic thin plate infiltration lane that firing generates for the first time The liquid phase filling closing generated in second of high temperature firing, is it with better anti-pollution characteristic.
Specific embodiment
The technical scheme of the invention is further explained by means of specific implementation.
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment provides a kind of ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect and its manufacturing methods.
A kind of ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect from bottom to top includes:Initial bed, precoat and decoration protective layer.Institute Stating precoat includes the permeable formation formed with a thickness of 0.3~0.6mm organic liquid material;The decoration protective layer is dry granular or melts The glass state material formed after cooling is melted after block layer high temperature firing.The adobe of the above structure, after sintering because permeable formation has There is certain thickness, along with the glassy state formed after melting cooling after the dry granular or frit layer high temperature firing of 0.2-0.5mm thickness Substance can successfully be processed by shot blasting, and to be formed by decorative pattern also especially wear-resisting for permeable formation.
Certainly, the solution of the present invention can also be used for the entire body product regardless of initial bed and precoat, using bottom material The mode that layer and precoat carry out double-layer cloth can obtain more abundant decorative effect.
In this embodiment, in the above ceramic thin plate, the precoat is embedded with striped or granular texture.The item Line shape texture is to form (such as magic cloth) by Strand Feeding Technique well known to industry, can be threadiness, graininess, cloud shape, wood The various textures such as line, stone pattern.Because there is different in remaining position with precoat for forming the above texture, so that permeation layer thickness Also there are corresponding difference (different material penetration depth is different), be further reduced because of loss caused by polishing, meanwhile, also can Abundant decorative effect.
Specifically, it manufactures with the following method,
A, Strand Feeding Technique twice is just being beaten using well known, is being using mass fraction is added on the basis of well known ceramic thin plate fabric 0.1-2% titanium dioxide, 0.1-0.5% zinc oxide, 0.1-5% zirconium silicate, 0.5-5% help one of red dose or multiple combinations Assistant toner and well known bottom material, punch forming after cloth form ceramic thin plate moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, thickness≤6.5mm of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake.Certainly, originally Field is it will be appreciated by the skilled person that be not required component in above several auxiliary agents, and can only use one or more progress Collocation, in actual production, the ink demand for forming decorative effect as needed are handled into collocation.Here help red dose it is main at It is divided into nano silica, what is used in embodiments of the present invention helps red dose to reach from Mei Gao company.
Then rubbing down processing is carried out to adobe, rubbing down depth is less than precoat thickness;Kiln is sent into adobe after rubbing down Middle progress first time easy fired, firing temperature are adjusted according to body recipe component, and usually 600-1050 degrees Celsius.? In the present embodiment, 850-1050 degrees Celsius of progress first time easy fired is selected.Combined moisture after easy fired, in green body Solution, organic component burning can form some stomatas in adobe, these stomatas by be subsequent infiltration channel, by using as above Processing mode, osmotic effect is more preferable, and green body after first time low-temperature sintering have some strength, can be to avoid rear Influence during continuous ink bleed to blank strength.In the present embodiment, the equipment that rubbing down uses is with 150 mesh abrasive disks 6-10 group and wool felt disk 3-6 group, cutting output of polishing is in 0.3-1.2mm, preferably 0.5-0.8mm.
It the use of the resolution ratio 400dpi of printer, nozzle bore is subsequently that successively inkjet printing is blue, red, yellow, black by 200PL 4 colors or indigo plant, red, yellow, red 3 color (red ink-jet 2 times) organic solvent type permeate color glaze ink.The ink ejection amount of mono ink is in 0- 50g/ ㎡, to obtain the hair color effect of enough saturations.When inkjet printing, the temperature of green body is advisable between 45-55 degrees Celsius.
Organic penetration glaze ink used above is the mixture of acylate and ester, wherein the acylate is carboxyl At least one of acid group, sulfonate radical, sulfinate, thionothiolic acid root in the inorganic color development ion such as iron, cobalt, chromium, copper at least A kind of salt of composition, ester are at least one of long chain alkane, isooctyl acid methyl esters, pungent methyl caprate.The color and color development of ink Intensity is related to dosage by the type of the inorganic color development ion wherein contained, can be deployed according to specific needs, in this reality Applying middle acylate is carboxyl hydrochlorate, and ester is that pungent methyl caprate and isooctyl acid methyl esters press 1:2 ratios are made.The infiltration matched above Glaze ink has preferable osmotic effect.
The color of ink can there are many selections, such as blue, red, yellow can be applied in combination can obtain in the present embodiment Decorative effect abundant, and then obtain full-color effect, the gray scale of the adjustable color of black, the type and dosage of used ink Selection collocation can be carried out according to practical print pattern effect.
Ink-jet printer is reused in adobe surface inkjet printing 1-3 all over penetration-assisting agent ink, the total ink ejection amount of penetration-assisting agent ink In 30 ± 10 Ke/㎡, penetration depth meets the soft requirement for throwing technology controlling and process in 0.3-0.6mm.
By test, when penetration-assisting agent ink is in 30 ± 10 Ke/㎡, penetration depth is in 0.3-0.6mm;When penetration-assisting agent ink In 50 ± 10 Ke/㎡, penetration depth is in 0.5-0.8mm;When penetration-assisting agent ink is in 80 ± 20 Ke/㎡, penetration depth exists 0.7-1.0mm.When in use, the penetration depth that can according to need carries out the dosage of setting penetration-assisting agent ink, such as can be with Increase ink ejection amount or by the way of repeating inkjet printing.When penetration glaze ink and more penetration-assisting agent ink consumption, it can be formed Deeper permeable formation can be reduced the defect because revealing the exact details caused by crossing throwing.
The ester contained in organic penetration-assisting agent ink is main penetration-assisting agent, and the inorganic coloring ion in ink can be promoted to seep and expanded It dissipates, refreshing row permeates decorative layer after burning.Preferably, the organic solvent identical with infiltration color glaze ink of selection in the present embodiment Type can promote penetration glaze ink to permeate into green body in this way, the two has better intersolubility.It uses in the present embodiment Organic penetration-assisting agent ink its component it is similar with organic penetration glaze ink, the mixture all for identical machine acid and ester, only Inorganic color development ion is not contained wherein, can guarantee that two kinds of inks have good intersolubility in this way, osmotic effect is good, and not It will appear because of colour cast or chromatic aberration defect caused by penetration depth is inconsistent.The penetration-assisting agent ink can be according to penetration depth It needs repeatedly to realize by duplicate printing.
In order to allow penetration glaze ink that can infiltrate into required depth in green body, inkjet printing is permeated into color in the present embodiment Green body after glaze ink and penetration-assisting agent ink is placed at least 10 minutes.Green body standing time is 15-30 minutes in the present embodiment, Color development gradient is more stable, the greater concentration of adobe in color development region to obtain, and after infiltration is completed in adobe, preferably carries out again Dry, drying temperature is 60-150 DEG C, and the time is 10-100 minutes.It needs exist for illustrating the above placement and dry process is not The indispensable step of the present invention program.The purpose placed and dried is to keep infiltration ink bleed effect more preferable, and placement makes to permeate It is more abundant, and drying can promote ink to be diffused in green body along the hole that first time low-temperature sintering is formed, and obtain more preferably Decorative effect, and the organic component in used organic type ink can also be made to volatilize in this way, reduce it in firing to base The influence of body.
By dry granular machine in the uniform spreading layer of transparent frit of adobe whole face, granularity is in 20-60 mesh range, to obtain thickness The having transparent decoration layer of 0.3mm or so.
The ceramic thin plate moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake that above method is obtained enters kiln firing, and then through high-strength flexible polishing, (the throwing amount of cutting exists Within the scope of 0.3-0.5mm) and chamfer machining after, can be obtained with infiltration decorative layer ceramic thin plate, the infiltration of thin sheet surface Decorative layer has certain thickness, and is to have particularly preferred abrasion resistant effect inside insertion adobe.
In this embodiment, used kiln is roller kilns, and firing temperature is 1150~1250 DEG C, firing period 50- 90 minutes.In practical applications, calcining system is adjusted according to kiln conditions and body recipe system, this belongs to this field Technician can obtain in limited times test, just no longer do and additionally repeat.The liquid phase that second of high temperature sintering generates can be by the The Minute pores that low-temperature sintering generates are blocked, and product has better anti-fouling effect.
Comparative example 1
Without specified otherwise, raw material type used in comparative example, technological parameter is same as Example 1.
A kind of manufacturing method of ceramic thin plate comprising following steps:
A, rubbing down first is carried out to the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake after drying, then the organic penetration glaze ink of charity and organic penetration-assisting agent are black on green body again Water;
B, in one layer of decoration protective layer of the surface charity of adobe after step A;
C, it is burnt at 1150-1250 DEG C;
D, it is polished, edging processing obtains ceramic thin plate product.
The organic penetration glaze ink and organic penetration-assisting agent ink that the present embodiment uses are same as Example 1, and difference is The present embodiment does not pass through first time easy fired, therefore since the diffusion of penetration glaze ink is not very by force, so increasing The dosage of organic inks (in the case where obtaining identical coloring intensity and penetration depth, ink will increase the dosage of 25-35%), and It does not spread uniformly, causes ceramic thin plate product obtained bad in the decorative effect of pattern, and wearability is not very good, The solid layer feeling of pattern is also not apparent.In this comparative example, the breakage rate of adobe is also higher (high compared with embodiment 1 5-7%), this is because process of osmosis is larger to the intensity effect of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, when infiltration capacity is more, green body can soften and be easy to become Shape is broken.
Furthermore the ceramic thin plate surface of this programme preparation has many macroscopic tiny stomatas, this is because only primary When high temperature sintering, the organic component in ink gasifies rapidly, forms many stomatas in thin sheet surface, these stomatas are particularly easy to inhale It is dirty, it is difficult to clean.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment is with 1 difference of embodiment:Penetration glaze ink is different with the inkjet printing mode of penetration-assisting agent ink, and It is also dried in the present embodiment;It is dry then to carry out second of high temperature firing again after charity penetration-assisting agent ink.At this In embodiment, organic penetration glaze ink is by the way of duplicate printing, and organic penetration-assisting agent ink is then replaced by the way of spraying For inkjet printing.The more simple modes such as certain roll printing, silk-screen printing carry out penetration-assisting agent ink jet printing, above Mode can reach same effect.But from process control, especially for forming specific pattern, inkjet printing still headed by The charity penetration glaze ink of choosing and the mode of penetration-assisting agent ink.
In the prior art, kiln firing can be directly entered after ink-jet printed, this is for aqueous infiltrating agent.But it is used in this scheme Be organic penetration glaze ink, if directly entering kiln high temperature firing, the organic component in ink can volatilize, will affect color development in this way, If organic component remain in it is more in green body, firing when be easy to appear stomata the defects of.In order to solve the above problem, at this In scheme, increase the dry step of a step, specifically, after by two kinds of inks of adobe inkjet printing, place 10 minutes or more, so Feeding dry kiln is 15 minutes dry at one hundred and twenty degrees centigrade afterwards, it can make organic material slowly volatilize in this way, forms steady seepage Gradient and containing it is less have machine aided seep material precoat.It is burnt into if being directly sent in kiln, the expansion of organic penetration glaze ink It is poor to dissipate effect, and temperature sharply increases in firing, can also make green body because deforming caused by the volatilization discharge of black Organic substance in water.
Embodiment 3
The by the agency of in summary of the invention, it is basic such as embodiment in order to obtain the infiltration ink-jet ceramic thin plate of surface matt effect 1, institute the difference is that, 1 semi-finished product of embodiment through firing after, the fast mesh number group of soft rubbing down is changed by well-known technique It closes, reaches matt product of the glossiness within the scope of 5-30 degree.Matt product has more high-grade decorative effect, can assign The better added value of product.And the product of matt effect can reveal the exact details because its polishing tolerance is less to avoid what is occurred due to throwing because crossing Phenomenon.
Embodiment 4
In the present embodiment, in order to make molding ceramic thin plate have super flat effect, in the present embodiment, press upper mold core is used Mirror surface punching block or super flat ebonite mould, static pressure fish line or the reticulate pattern mould such as lower mold core use, obtain adobe surfacing, inside solid degree Uniformly, so that the production difficulty of flexible polishing be effectively reduced.Final products wave transformation after complete soft throwing is smaller, basically reaches The polishing effect of " pure flat ".Remaining technique and embodiment are essentially identical, only carry out on ink consumption and body recipe component Appropriate adjustment.It in the present embodiment, is 0.1-2% titanium dioxide, 0.1-0.5% oxidation added with mass percent in green body Zinc, 0.1-5% zirconium silicate, 0.5-5% help red dose of helper component, by the use of the above component, make the color development group in ink Dividing has better hair color effect.
Embodiment 5
In the present embodiment before twice firing, one layer of decoration protective layer is first formed on brick face, decoration protective layer passes through charity 30- The translucent decoration dry granular of 60 purposes is constituted, and forms the substance of one layer of glassy state after burning on thin sheet surface, the gas that infiltration is generated Hole blocks, and keeps product anti-pollution more preferable, while also more wear resistant.Certain this layer decoration protective layer can also pass through glazing or charity The mode of clear frit obtains.
Embodiment 6
The present embodiment is substantially such as embodiment 1, the difference is that after the molding of ceramic thin plate moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, before carrying out rubbing down first to its into Row drying, drying temperature are 250 DEG C, and drying time is 15 minutes.After carrying out high temperature drying, in addition to throwing green body more preferably Mill, and first time firing can be carried out at a lower temperature.In this embodiment, first time firing temperature is 600-750 DEG C, because It can use residual heat from kiln furnace for drying it is dried, achieve the purpose that whole energy.Dry temperature in actual production It can be set as 150-350 DEG C, drying time is not less than 10 minutes.
The technical principle of the invention is described above in combination with a specific embodiment.These descriptions are intended merely to explain of the invention Principle, and shall not be construed in any way as a limitation of the scope of protection of the invention.Based on the explanation herein, the technology of this field Personnel can associate with other specific embodiments of the invention without creative labor, these modes are fallen within Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect, it is characterised in that:It includes the following steps:
A, thickness≤6.5mm moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is made using punch forming after well known ceramic thin slab powder cloth;
B, rubbing down processing is carried out to moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake;
C, the adobe after step B rubbing down is sent into kiln, first time firing is carried out at 600-1050 DEG C;
D, the organic penetration glaze ink of charity and organic penetration-assisting agent ink on the green body after first time is burnt into;
E, second is carried out at 1150-1250 DEG C to be burnt into;
F, it is polished, edging processing obtains ceramic thin plate product.
2. the manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step D and step Further include the steps that one layer of decoration protective layer of charity in billet surface between rapid E.
3. the manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step Powder be made of bottom material and fabric, in fabric containing formed decoration texture striped material, the cloth be fabric it is upper just Break cloth.
4. the manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In stepb Rubbing down process uses 150 mesh abrasive disk 6-10 groups and wool felt disk 3-6 group, and rubbing down cutting output is 0.3-1.2mm.
5. the manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step D Organic infiltration color glaze ink is the mixture of acylate and ester, and wherein acylate is carboxyl acid group, sulfonate radical, sub- sulphur At least one of acid group, thionothiolic acid root and the salt constituted at least one of the inorganic color development ion such as iron, cobalt, chromium, copper, The ester is that ester is at least one of long chain alkane, isooctyl acid methyl esters, pungent methyl caprate.
6. the manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The organic acid Salt is the salt that at least one of inorganic color development ion such as carboxyl acid group and iron, cobalt, chromium, copper is constituted.
7. the manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of the good antifouling effect of good antifouling effect according to claim 1, feature exist In:Organic penetration-assisting agent ink in step D be organic acid and ester mixture, the organic acid be carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, At least one of sulfinic acid, thionothiolic acid, the ester be ester be long chain alkane, isooctyl acid methyl esters, in pungent methyl caprate at least It is a kind of.
8. the manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Organic penetration-assisting agent The dosage of ink is 20-100g/ ㎡.
9. the manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The step A Between the step B further include the steps that moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is dried, drying temperature is 150-350 DEG C, drying time >=10 point Clock.
10. the manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Using as follows Protective layer is decorated in the mode charity of one of mode or multiple combinations:It is transparent to apply clear frit, the translucent dry granular of paving cloth or paving cloth Frit.
CN201810586330.1A 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 A kind of manufacturing method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect Pending CN108911758A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110963801A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-07 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Once-fired ultra-large specification thin porcelain plate and manufacturing method thereof
CN111004038A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-14 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Ultra-large specification thin porcelain plate with electric heating function and production method thereof
CN111004039A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-14 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Ultra-large thin porcelain plate with electric heating function and manufacturing method thereof
CN111018543A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-17 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Once-fired ultra-large specification thin porcelain plate and production method thereof
CN111039699A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-21 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Ultra-large-specification thin porcelain plate with negative ion function and production method thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110963801A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-07 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Once-fired ultra-large specification thin porcelain plate and manufacturing method thereof
CN111004038A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-14 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Ultra-large specification thin porcelain plate with electric heating function and production method thereof
CN111004039A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-14 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Ultra-large thin porcelain plate with electric heating function and manufacturing method thereof
CN111018543A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-17 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Once-fired ultra-large specification thin porcelain plate and production method thereof
CN111039699A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-21 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Ultra-large-specification thin porcelain plate with negative ion function and production method thereof

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Application publication date: 20181130