CN104591805B - Manufacturing method of ceramic sheet with good antifouling effects - Google Patents

Manufacturing method of ceramic sheet with good antifouling effects Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104591805B
CN104591805B CN201510038830.8A CN201510038830A CN104591805B CN 104591805 B CN104591805 B CN 104591805B CN 201510038830 A CN201510038830 A CN 201510038830A CN 104591805 B CN104591805 B CN 104591805B
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ink
thin plate
ceramic thin
organic
acid
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CN104591805A (en
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曾权
周燕
谢穗
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Foshan Dongpeng Ceramic Co Ltd
Guangdong Dongpeng Holdings Co Ltd
Qingyuan Nafuna Ceramics Co Ltd
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Foshan Dongpeng Ceramic Co Ltd
Guangdong Dongpeng Holdings Co Ltd
Guangdong Dongpeng Ceramic Co Ltd
Qingyuan Nafuna Ceramics Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a manufacturing method of a ceramic sheet with good antifouling effects. The manufacturing method comprises the following steps: A, carrying out punch forming after using powder used for a ceramic body for distribution to prepare an unfired brick; B, polishing and grinding the unfired brick; C, sending the green brick polished and ground in the step B into a kiln and carrying out first firing at 600-1050 DEG C; D, applying organic infiltrated glaze ink and organic infiltration aid ink to the green body subjected to first firing; E, carrying out second firing at 1150-1250 DEG C; and F, carrying out polishing and edging to obtain the ceramic sheet product. The ceramic sheet manufactured by adopting the method has the beneficial effects that an infiltration layer formed by infiltrated glaze ink has certain thickness and infiltrates into a precoat, so that the decorative patterns are resistant to wear, thus solving the problems in the prior art that printed decoration layers formed by conventional ink-jet printing do not have a stereoscopic sense of layering and are not resistant to wear.

Description

A kind of manufacture method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect
Technical field
The present invention relates to architectural pottery technical field, more particularly, to a kind of manufacturer of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect Method.
Background technology
In modern architecture repairs profession, with the raising of housing industrialization and living standards of the people, high-quality, multi-functional The market share of green building productions will gradually expand, production development tends to diversification, personalization, fashion-orientation, ring health care Kang Hua.For adapting to the requirement of today's society people, various Novel decoration materials arise at the historic moment, and each product is imitated from early stage ornamental decorative Fruit increasingly tends to nature, elegance, tool personality elements to today.
Ceramic is various in style, pattern is abundant, good decorating effect, easily maintenance, and product pattern is naturally true to nature, is deeply consumed Person favors.Due to economical, attractive in appearance, color is wide in variety and is widely adopted on decorative wall, cylinder for wherein large-sized ceramic tiles.And Large-sized ceramic tiles, due to the thickness of thin of the feature of its own such as brick body, have certain elasticity, and it is little to keep flat deformation, can well Be attached on polish line operating platform, thus ceramic thin plate present technical field of construction and decoration materials application also increasingly Extensively, increasingly favored by consumer, particularly be there is the ceramic thin plate of light transmission, but had more in semi-transparency pottery Glass phase, therefore toughness is poor, broken, and ceramic thin plate thickness is less than the thickness of general ceramic thin plate, generally Thickness is not more than 6mm.
Ceramic ink jet printing technology is a kind of technology being widely used in ceramic thin plate production in recent years, and it will by shower nozzle Ink printed in decorative means such as adobe face instead conventional screen stamp, roller printing, because it is that a kind of noncontact prints, Male and fomale(M&F) product " can be printed " it is not necessary to plate-making in kind, it is simply rapid to turn version, can achieve personalized produce, produce reproducible, Thus range is more and more wider.But its shortcoming is that the decorative layer printing is excessively shallow, meanwhile, rear wearability fired by ink Poor, with the prolongation of use time, decorative effect can be made to have a greatly reduced quality, thus have and apply on the decorative layer after inkjet printing Clear frit or cloth clear frit, with the technique protecting decorative layer decorative pattern.However, being clear frit or clear frit, in order that spray Black decorative layer assumes more preferable decorative effect, is necessary for enhancing the transparency, but while transparency improves, wearability also can decline (in order to increase transparency, in glaze, contain the cosolvent such as lead and zinc, it also makes glaze paint become while increasing glaze paint transparency more Soft, not wear-resisting), thus or can not fundamentally solve the problems, such as to keep long-term decorative effect.
Application number cn201210331440.6 discloses one kind and oozes colored Imitation Rock Porcelain Tiles and its production method, is to ooze water miscible Flower ink is printed upon drenching by way of inkjet printing on the starch adhesive on adobe surface although after infiltration, can produce certain The decorative pattern of depth, but because starch adhesive moisture content is higher, cause the infiltration difficulty of the infiltration color glaze ink of aqueouss to increase, and due to brick Base moisture evaporation also easily causes faulty nozzle to shower nozzle.Additionally, being easily formed using the glaze slip that bell jar drenches in adobe surface The defect of edge projection, is unfavorable for the Difference Control after polishing.Additionally, worldwide aqueous infiltrating glaze ink is until current Till and immature, be also applicable to far away on actual ink jet printer produce.
Thus when firing due to inconsistent with bottom base shrinkage factor and then can be deformed, raw green strength reduces, easily Split brick.
Application number cn201110187245.6 discloses and a kind of be applied to the aqueous infiltrating glaze of inkjet printing and its be used for making pottery The method that porcelain thin plate produces, is directly to be printed upon on base substrate aqueous infiltrating glaze by inkjet printing, then sprays water to help and ooze, and water etc. is existing There is aqueouss permeation-promoter that blank strength can be made to reduce, especially for ceramic thin plate, its adobe thickness is less than 6.5mm, if help oozing use Aqueouss permeation-promoter consumption is excessive, can cause blank deformation.But actually aqueous infiltrating glaze ink is up to the present and immature, also It is applicable to far away produce on actual ink jet printer.
And using oozing ceramic thin plate prepared by colored mode in prior art, because of the pore producing during oozing flower, make thin Plate is particularly easy to soil pick-up, and anti-pollution characteristic is poor, not easy to clean.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to it is not wear-resisting to print, by typical inkjet, the printed decor being formed in solution prior art Damage, third dimension are poor, do not propose a kind of manufacture method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect the problems such as resistant.
For reaching this purpose, the present invention employs the following technical solutions:
A kind of manufacture method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect, it comprises the steps:
A, make the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of thickness≤6.5mm with punch forming after powder cloth using known ceramic thin slab;
B, rubbing down processing is carried out to moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake;
C, the adobe after step b rubbing down is sent in kiln, carry out burning till for the first time at 600-1050 DEG C;
Charity organic penetration glaze ink and organic permeation-promoter ink on d, the base substrate after first time burns till;
E, burnt till for the second time at 1150-1250 DEG C;
F, be polished, edging processing obtain ceramic thin plate product.
In prior art, ink-jet printed after can directly enter klining become, this is for aqueous infiltrating agent.But adopt in this scheme Be organic penetration glaze ink, if directly enter kiln high temperature burning till, the organic component in ink can volatilize, and so can affect color development, If organic component remains in more in base substrate, the defects such as pore, particularly ceramic thin plate moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake easily occur when burning till The product of thickness≤6.5mm, this phenomenon is particularly acute, or even can be because organic component residual is more causes blank deformation.For Solve problem above, in this programme, after base substrate being carried out burn till for the first time, then charity organic penetration glaze ink and have machine aided to ooze Agent ink, the temperature burnt till for the first time makes the water of constitution in base substrate decompose, most of Organic substance after-flames, forms minority pore, then Charity organic penetration glaze ink and organic permeation-promoter ink, these pores are conducive to infiltration and the color development of ink, can save ink Water consumption, and, when burning till for the second time, the pore that the organic component in ink produces when can burn till with first time is waved Send out, promote ink to spread further, and after second high temperature burns till, the liquid phase that high temperature produces makes pore close, and obtains Gao Pin Matter product.Rubbing down processing is carried out to moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, the pore on thin plate face can be made to open further, improve osmotic efficiency;In addition, entering Row rubbing down processes apparent the presenting of texture also making on thin plate face.
Preferably, the step being additionally included in one layer of decoration protective layer of charity in billet surface between step d and step e.Dress Decorations protective layer can form one layer of glass state material after burning, and it can make ceramic thin plate product resistance to soiling more preferably, and more resistant to Abrasion.
Preferably, just break cloth for fabric in upper in the described distributing mode in step a.Because just kniting the fabric of cloth Layer decorative pattern is finer and smoother, and is easily controlled the exhaust effect of powder in pressing process, can improve the quality of molding adobe, And reduce fault rate.Need exist for illustrating, the conventional powder of fabric and the production of bed material Ceramics thin plate.
Preferably, throw blank process in stepb and adopt 150 mesh abrasive disk 6-10 groups and Pilus Caprae seu Oviss felt disk 3-6 group, throw Mill cutting output is 0.3-1.2mm.Throw smooth, smooth, the no obvious cut of green surface to be reached after base, and cloth clean mark is in Surface now.
It is further preferred that described rubbing down cutting output is 0.5-0.8mm.
In fabric, horn of plenty decorative effect, wherein can contain some striped material, these striped powders pass through known cloth Material technology (for example using feeler, patterned roller etc.) can form in precoat that embedded graininess, striated etc. are abundant to be made The texture of type, but these textures show and unintelligible after punch forming, after throwing base and processing, can allow above clean mark Show, abundant decorative effect.In addition, processing by throwing base, also make osmotic effect more preferably, and ink can be saved to use Amount, reduces production cost.The product obtaining after burning permeates decorative effect and the grain decorating effect of cloth formation mutually merges, and assigns Give the representability that product is more rich.
Preferably, organic infiltration color glaze ink described in step d is the mixture of acylate and ester, wherein organic acid Salt is carboxyl acid group, sulfonate radical, sulfinate, at least one in thionothiolic acid root and the inorganic color development with ferrum, cobalt, chromium, copper etc. from The salt of at least one composition in son, described ester be ester be long chain alkane, isooctyl acid methyl ester, at least one in pungent methyl caprate Kind.Above-mentioned various esters have the viscosity performance improving ink, the effect promoting ink bleed.
It is further preferred that described acylate be in carboxyl acid group and the inorganic color development ion such as ferrum, cobalt, chromium, copper extremely A kind of few salt of composition.
Preferably, the described organic permeation-promoter ink in step d is the mixture of organic acid and ester, is organic liquid Material, wherein organic acid are carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, sulfinic acid, at least one in thionothiolic acid;Ester is long chain alkane, isooctyl acid first At least one of ester, pungent methyl caprate;Preferably, the time of oozing is helped to be 15-30 minute.
It is further preferred that when organic permeation-promoter ink 30 ± 10 grams/when, penetration depth is in 0.3-0.6mm;When helping Penetration enhancer ink 50 ± 10 grams/when, penetration depth is in 0.5-0.8mm;When permeation-promoter ink 80 ± 20 grams/when, infiltration Depth is in 0.7-1.0mm.
Preferably, in the fabric in step a contain mass percent be 0.1-2% titanium dioxide, 0.1-0.5% oxidation Zinc, 0.1-5% Zirconium orthosilicate. or 0.5-5% help at least one in red dose.The main component helping red dose used herein above is to receive Rice silicon dioxide, it can buy in Duo Jia additive company, such as Mei Gao company.
Preferably, the mode charity decoration protective layer of one or more of in the following way combination: apply clear frit, paving The translucent dry granular of cloth or paving cloth clear frit.
Using after low temperature first sintering, then the mode of charity organic penetration glaze ink and organic permeation-promoter ink, can Constituted the infiltration lane of ink with the pore allowing water of constitution in base substrate and Organic substance is formed, can be under less ink consumption Obtain the good and deeper infiltration decorative layer of color development, and in base substrate high-temperature sintering process, the liquid phase of generation can be by first time low temperature Burn till the pore closing of generation, make the anti-pollution characteristic of product more preferable.And because first time low-temperature sintering allows base substrate to have necessarily Intensity, it is to avoid the impact to blank strength in the case of organic penetration glaze ink and organic permeation-promoter ink consumption are larger.
Furthermore it is preferred that preferably, the step that also includes a drying before to ceramic thin plate moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake rubbing down, temperature is dried Spend for 150-350 DEG C, drying time >=10 minute.By arranging this step, adobe can be allowed preferably to carry out rubbing down, through this step Suddenly, after being dried, can complete to burn till for the first time at 600-750 DEG C, energy saving, reducing energy consumption.
The present invention passes through the ceramic thin plate being obtained using said method, and the permeable formation that penetration glaze ink is formed has certain thickness Degree, and penetrate in precoat so that decorative pattern is wear-resistant, solve in prior art and formation is printed by typical inkjet Printed decor do not have solid layer feeling and wear-resistant the problems such as.And ceramic thin plate first time burn till the infiltration lane of generation The liquid phase filling closing producing when second high temperature burns till, is that it has more preferable anti-pollution characteristic.
Specific embodiment
To further illustrate technical scheme below by specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment provides a kind of ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect and its manufacture method.
A kind of ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect, it from bottom to top includes: initial bed, precoat and decoration protective layer.Institute State precoat and include the permeable formation that thickness is that 0.3~0.6mm organic liquid material is formed;Described decoration protective layer is dry granular or molten The glass state material that block floor height temperature is formed after melting cooling after burning till.The adobe of above structure, after sintering because permeable formation has There is certain thickness, the glassy state being formed after melting cooling after burning till along with the dry granular of 0.2-0.5mm thickness or frit layer high temperature Material, can successfully be processed by shot blasting, and the decorative pattern that permeable formation is formed is also especially wear-resisting.
Certainly, the solution of the present invention can also be adopted for the entire body product regardless of initial bed and precoat, using bed material The mode that layer and precoat carry out double-layer cloth can obtain the decorative effect of more horn of plenty.
In this embodiment, in above ceramic thin plate, described precoat is embedded with striped or granular texture.Described bar Stricture of vagina shape texture is to form (such as magic cloth) by Strand Feeding Technique known to industry, can be wire, graininess, cloud shape, wood The various texture such as stricture of vagina, bag.Because form above texture has different with remaining position of precoat so that permeation layer thickness Also there is corresponding difference (different material penetration depth is different), reducing because polishing the loss causing further, also can meanwhile Abundant decorative effect.
Specifically, it is adopted and manufactures with the following method,
A, just beating Strand Feeding Technique twice using known, using adding mass fraction on the basis of known ceramic thin plate fabric Help one or more of red dose group for 0.1-2% titanium dioxide, 0.1-0.5% zinc oxide, 0.1-5% Zirconium orthosilicate., 0.5-5% Close assistant toner and known bed material, punch forming after cloth, form ceramic thin plate moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, the thickness≤6.5mm of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake.Certainly, It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that being not required component in several auxiliary agents above, and can only be entered using one or more Row collocation, in actual production, the ink demand forming decorative effect as needed enters collocation process.Here help red dose main Composition is nano silicon, and use in embodiments of the present invention helps red dose all enough from Mei Gao company.
Then adobe is carried out with rubbing down processing, rubbing down depth is less than precoat thickness;Kiln is sent in adobe after rubbing down In carry out first time easy fired, firing temperature is adjusted according to body recipe component, usually 600-1050 degree Celsius.? In the present embodiment, select 850-1050 degree Celsius and carry out first time easy fired.Combined moisture after easy fired, in base substrate Solution, organic component burning can form some pores in adobe, and these pores will be the passage of follow-up infiltration, by using as above Processing mode, more preferably, and base substrate has some strength after first time low-temperature sintering to osmotic effect, can avoid rear Impact to blank strength during continuous ink bleed.In the present embodiment, the equipment that rubbing down uses is with 150 mesh abrasive disks 6-10 group and Pilus Caprae seu Oviss felt disk 3-6 group, polishing cutting output is in 0.3-1.2mm, preferably 0.5-0.8mm.
Subsequently using resolution 400dpi of printer, nozzle bore, for 200pl, inkjet printing is blue, red, yellow, black successively 4 colors or indigo plant, red, yellow, red 3 colors (red ink-jet 2 times) organic solvent type infiltration color glaze ink.The ink ejection amount of mono ink is in 0- 50g/, to obtain the hair color effect of enough saturations.During inkjet printing, the temperature of base substrate is advisable between 45-55 degree Celsius.
Organic penetration glaze ink used above is the mixture of acylate and ester, and wherein said acylate is carboxyl In at least one and inorganic color development ion such as ferrum, cobalt, chromium, copper in acid group, sulfonate radical, sulfinate, thionothiolic acid root at least A kind of salt of composition, ester is at least one of long chain alkane, isooctyl acid methyl ester, pungent methyl caprate.The color of ink and color development Intensity is related with consumption by the species of the inorganic color development ion wherein containing, and can be allocated according to specific needs, in this reality Applying middle acylate is carboxyl hydrochlorate, and ester is made up in 1:2 ratio of pungent methyl caprate and isooctyl acid methyl ester.The infiltration of above proportioning Glaze ink has preferable osmotic effect.
The color of ink can have multiple choices, and for example blue in the present embodiment, red, yellow being applied in combination can obtain Abundant decorative effect, and then obtain full-color effect, black can adjust the gray scale of color, the species of used ink and consumption Can carry out selecting collocation according to actual print pattern effect.
Reuse ink-jet printer in adobe surface inkjet printing 1-3 all over permeation-promoter ink, the total ink ejection amount of permeation-promoter ink 30 ± 10 grams/when, penetration depth in 0.3-0.6mm, meets the soft requirement throwing technology controlling and process.
By test, when permeation-promoter ink 30 ± 10 grams/when, penetration depth is in 0.3-0.6mm;When permeation-promoter ink 50 ± 10 grams/when, penetration depth is in 0.5-0.8mm;When permeation-promoter ink 80 ± 20 grams/when, penetration depth exists 0.7-1.0mm.When using, can penetration depth as needed carrying out setting the consumption of permeation-promoter ink, for example permissible Increase ink ejection amount or by the way of repeating inkjet printing.When penetration glaze ink and permeation-promoter ink consumption are more, can be formed Deeper permeable formation, can reduce because crossing the defect that throwing causes to reveal the exact details.
The ester containing in organic permeation-promoter ink is main permeation-promoter, and the inorganic coloring ion in ink can be promoted to ooze expansion Dissipate, refreshing row infiltration decorative layer after burning.Preferably, select in the present embodiment and infiltration color glaze ink identical organic solvent Type, so, both have more preferable intersolubility, and penetration glaze ink can be promoted to permeate into base substrate.Use in the present embodiment Its component of organic permeation-promoter ink similar with organic penetration glaze ink, all for identical machine acid and ester mixture, simply Wherein do not contain inorganic color development ion, so can ensure that two kinds of inks have good intersolubility, osmotic effect is good, and not Occur because the inconsistent colour cast causing of penetration depth or chromatic aberration defect.Described permeation-promoter ink can be according to penetration depth Need repeatedly to realize by duplicate printing.
In order to allow penetration glaze ink can infiltrate into desired depth in base substrate, in the present embodiment inkjet printing is permeated color Base substrate after glaze ink and permeation-promoter ink is placed at least 10 minutes.Base substrate standing time is 15-30 minute in the present embodiment, To obtain, color development gradient is more stable, the greater concentration of adobe in color development region, after adobe completes infiltration, is preferably carried out again It is dried, baking temperature is 60-150 DEG C, the time is 10-100 minute.Need exist for illustrating that the above process placed and be dried is not The indispensable step of the present invention program.The purpose placed and be dried is to make infiltration ink bleed effect more preferably, and placing makes infiltration More abundant, and drying can promote the hole that ink is formed along first time low-temperature sintering in base substrate to be diffused, and obtains more preferably Decorative effect, and the organic component in used organic type ink so can also be made to volatilize, reduce it when burning till to base The impact of body.
By dry granular machine in the whole face of adobe uniform spreading layer of transparent frit, granularity in 20-60 mesh scope, to obtain thickness 0.3mm about having transparent decoration layer.
The ceramic thin plate moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake that above method is obtained, enters klining, and then through high-strength flexible polishing, (the throwing amount of cutting exists In the range of 0.3-0.5mm) and chamfer machining after, you can obtain have infiltration decorative layer ceramic thin plate, the infiltration of thin sheet surface Decorative layer has certain thickness, and is inside embedded adobe, has particularly preferred abrasion resistant effect.
In this embodiment, the kiln being used is roller kilns, and firing temperature is 1150~1250 DEG C, and firing period is 50- 90 minutes.In actual applications, calcining system is to be adjusted according to kiln conditions and body recipe system, and this belongs to this area Technician can obtain in limited number of time test, just no longer do and additionally repeat.The liquid phase that second high temperature sintering produces can be by the The Minute pores of low-temperature sintering generation are blocked, and product has more preferable anti-fouling effect.
Comparative example 1
No specified otherwise, the raw material type used in comparative example, technological parameter is same as Example 1.
A kind of manufacture method of ceramic thin plate, it comprises the steps:
A, first rubbing down is carried out to dried moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, then charity organic penetration glaze ink and have machine aided to ooze on base substrate again Agent ink;
B, after step a in one layer of the surface charity decoration protective layer of adobe;
C, burnt till at 1150-1250 DEG C;
D, be polished, edging processing obtain ceramic thin plate product.
Organic penetration glaze ink that the present embodiment uses and organic permeation-promoter ink are same as Example 1, and difference is The present embodiment does not pass through first time easy fired, therefore because the diffusion of penetration glaze ink is not very strong, so increasing The consumption of organic inks (under obtaining identical coloring intensity and penetration depth, ink will increase the consumption of 25-35%), and Do not spread uniformly, lead to prepared ceramic thin plate product not good in the decorative effect of pattern, and wearability is not fine, The solid layer feeling of pattern is not apparent.In this comparative example, the breakage rate of adobe is also higher (high compared with embodiment 1 5-7%), this is because process of osmosis is larger to the intensity effect of moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake, when infiltration capacity is more, base substrate is understood deliquescing and is easily become Shape crushes.
In addition the ceramic thin plate surface of this programme preparation has much macroscopic tiny pores, this is because only once During high temperature sintering, the organic component in ink gasifies rapidly, forms a lot of pores in thin sheet surface, and these pores are particularly easy to inhale Dirt is it is difficult to clean.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment is from embodiment 1 difference: the inkjet printing mode of penetration glaze ink and permeation-promoter ink is different, And in the present embodiment, also carried out dried;After charity permeation-promoter ink, it is dried and then carries out second high temperature again and burn till. In the present embodiment, organic penetration glaze ink is by the way of duplicate printing, and organic permeation-promoter ink is then using the side of spraying Formula substitutes inkjet printing.Certainly the more simple mode such as roll printing, silk screen printing carries out permeation-promoter ink jet printing, with On mode all can reach same effect.But from process control, especially for forming specific pattern, inkjet printing is still Mode for first-selected charity penetration glaze ink and permeation-promoter ink.
In prior art, ink-jet printed after can directly enter klining become, this is for aqueous infiltrating agent.But adopt in this scheme Be organic penetration glaze ink, if directly enter kiln high temperature burning till, the organic component in ink can volatilize, and so can affect color development, If organic component remains in more in base substrate, the defects such as pore easily occur when burning till.For solving problem above, at this In scheme, increase the step that a step is dried, specifically, after by two kinds of inks of adobe inkjet printing, placement more than 10 minutes, so Send into dry kiln afterwards to be dried 15 minutes at one hundred and twenty degrees centigrade, so it can make organic material slowly volatilize, and forms steady seepage Gradient and contain the less precoat having machine aided to ooze material.If being directly sent to burn till in kiln, the expansion of organic penetration glaze ink Scattered effect is poor, and temperature drastically raises when burning till, and base substrate also can be made to cause to deform because of the volatilization discharge of black Organic substance in water.
Embodiment 3
By the agency of in content of the invention, in order to obtain the infiltration ink-jet ceramic thin plate of surface matt effect, substantially strictly according to the facts Apply example 1, institute's difference is, in embodiment 1 semi-finished product after firing, the fast mesh number of soft rubbing down is changed by known technology Combination, reaches sub- light product in the range of 5-30 degree for the glossiness.Sub- light product has more high-grade decorative effect, Ke Yifu Give the more preferable added value of product.And the product of matt effect, because its polishing tolerance is less, can avoid because cross throw and occur saturating Bottom phenomenon.
Embodiment 4
In the present embodiment, in order that the ceramic thin plate of molding has super flat effect, in the present embodiment, press upper mold core Using minute surface punching block or super flat ebonite mould, lower mold core adopts isostatic pressed fish stricture of vagina or reticulate pattern mould, obtains adobe surfacing, internal cause Even density, thus effectively reduce the production difficulty of flexible polishing.Final products wave transformation after soft throwing entirely is less, substantially reaches Polishing effect to " pure flat ".Remaining technique is essentially identical with embodiment, simply enterprising in ink consumption and body recipe component Row suitably adjusts.In the present embodiment, being added with mass percent in base substrate is 0.1-2% titanium dioxide, 0.1-0.5% oxygen Change zinc, 0.1-5% Zirconium orthosilicate., 0.5-5% help red dose of helper component, by the use of above component, make the color development in ink Component has more preferable hair color effect.
Embodiment 5
In the present embodiment before twice firing, one layer of decoration protective layer is first formed on brick face, decoration protective layer passes through cloth Apply 30-60 purpose translucent decoration dry granular to constitute, the material of one layer of glassy state is formed after burning on thin sheet surface, infiltration is produced Pore closure, make product antifouling property more preferably, simultaneously also more resistant.Certainly this layer decoration protective layer can also by glazing or The mode of charity clear frit obtains.
Embodiment 6
The present embodiment basic such as embodiment 1 is after difference is ceramic thin plate moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake molding, first right before carrying out rubbing down It is dried, and baking temperature is 250 DEG C, and drying time is 15 minutes.After carrying out high temperature drying, except making base substrate more preferably carry out Rubbing down, and can carry out at a lower temperature burning till for the first time.In this embodiment, first time firing temperature is 600-750 DEG C, Because drying can be dried to it using residual heat from kiln furnace, reach the purpose of whole energy.The temperature being dried in actual production Degree can be set as 150-350 DEG C, is not less than 10 minutes drying time.
Describe the know-why of the present invention above in association with specific embodiment.These descriptions are intended merely to explain the present invention's Principle, and limiting the scope of the invention can not be construed to by any way.Based on explanation herein, the technology of this area Personnel do not need to pay other specific embodiments that performing creative labour can associate the present invention, and these modes fall within Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of manufacture method of the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect it is characterised in that: it comprises the steps:
A, make the moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake of thickness≤6.5mm with punch forming after powder cloth using known ceramic thin slab;
B, rubbing down processing is carried out to moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake;
C, the adobe after step b rubbing down is sent in kiln, carry out burning till for the first time at 600-1050 DEG C;
Charity organic penetration glaze ink and organic permeation-promoter ink on d, the base substrate after first time burns till;
E, burnt till for the second time at 1150-1250 DEG C;
F, be polished, edging processing obtain ceramic thin plate product.
2. the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 1 manufacture method it is characterised in that: step d and step The step being additionally included in one layer of decoration protective layer of charity in billet surface between rapid e.
3. the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 1 manufacture method it is characterised in that: in step a Powder be made up of bed material and fabric, in fabric contain formed decoration texture striped material, described cloth be fabric upper just Break cloth.
4. the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 1 manufacture method it is characterised in that: in stepb Rubbing down operation adopts 150 mesh abrasive disk 6-10 groups and Pilus Caprae seu Oviss felt disk 3-6 group, and rubbing down cutting output is 0.3-1.2mm.
5. the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 1 manufacture method it is characterised in that: in step d Described organic infiltration color glaze ink is the mixture of acylate and ester, wherein acylate be carboxyl acid group, sulfonate radical, sub- sulphur The salt of at least one composition at least one and ferrum in acid group, thionothiolic acid root, cobalt, chromium, inorganic copper color development ion, described Ester for ester be long chain alkane, isooctyl acid methyl ester, at least one in pungent methyl caprate.
6. the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 5 manufacture method it is characterised in that: described organic acid Salt is the salt of at least one composition in carboxyl acid group and ferrum, cobalt, chromium, inorganic copper color development ion.
7. the manufacture method of the ceramic thin plate of the good antifouling effect of good antifouling effect according to claim 1, its feature exists The mixture being organic acid and ester in: the described organic permeation-promoter ink in step d, described organic acid is carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, At least one in sulfinic acid, thionothiolic acid, described ester for ester be long chain alkane, isooctyl acid methyl ester, in pungent methyl caprate at least A kind of.
8. the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 7 manufacture method it is characterised in that: organic permeation-promoter The consumption of ink is 20-100g/.
9. the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 1 manufacture method it is characterised in that: described step a Also include the step that moulded pottery not yet put in a kiln to bake is dried and described step b between, baking temperature is 150-350 DEG C, drying time >=10 point Clock.
10. the ceramic thin plate of good antifouling effect according to claim 2 manufacture method it is characterised in that: using as follows The mode charity decoration protective layer of one or more of mode combination: apply clear frit, the paving translucent dry granular of cloth or paving cloth transparent Frit.
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