CN108575658B - Excavator capable of automatically planting trees - Google Patents

Excavator capable of automatically planting trees Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108575658B
CN108575658B CN201810537282.7A CN201810537282A CN108575658B CN 108575658 B CN108575658 B CN 108575658B CN 201810537282 A CN201810537282 A CN 201810537282A CN 108575658 B CN108575658 B CN 108575658B
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vertical plate
plate
conveyor belt
mud
piece
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CN201810537282.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108575658A (en
Inventor
梁晶晶
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Jining Linding Information Technology Co ltd
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Maanshan Runqi New Material Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G23/00Forestry
    • A01G23/02Transplanting, uprooting, felling or delimbing trees
    • A01G23/04Transplanting trees; Devices for grasping the root ball, e.g. stump forceps; Wrappings or packages for transporting trees
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B77/00Machines for lifting and treating soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C5/00Making or covering furrows or holes for sowing, planting or manuring
    • A01C5/04Machines for making or covering holes for sowing or planting

Abstract

The invention relates to an excavator, and provides an excavator capable of automatically planting trees. According to the automatic tree planting machine, automatic tree planting is realized through the cooperation of the lower walking body, the spiral earth boring machine and the tree planting device, the consumption of manpower is reduced, meanwhile, the efficiency can be greatly improved, and an effective scheme is provided for planting in a large area.

Description

Excavator capable of automatically planting trees
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of excavators, and relates to an excavator capable of automatically planting trees.
Background
At present, trees are planted almost in an artificial mode, different people are needed to be matched in different planting stages, the planting efficiency is low, more manpower is needed to be consumed, and the trees are dangerous when being planted among mountains. Under the condition of large-area planting, accurate planting is needed, and the utilization of soil is maximized, so that the environment is protected. While still being able to be completed in a planned time, the manual planting is a significant effort facing these needs.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an excavator type automatic tree planting device for solving the planting problem.
The invention is realized by adopting the following technical scheme,
an excavator capable of automatically planting trees, comprising a lower traveling body 1 and an upper revolving body 2, characterized in that: the front end and the rear end of the upper revolving body 2 are respectively provided with a front vertical plate 2.1 and a rear vertical plate 2.2, the upper parts of the front vertical plate 2.1 and the rear vertical plate 2.2 are supported by an upper cover plate 2.3, a first supporting plate 2.4 and a second supporting plate 2.5 are arranged between the front vertical plate 2.1 and the rear vertical plate 2.2, the second supporting plate 2.5 is positioned below the upper cover plate 2.3, the first supporting plate 2.4 is positioned below the second supporting plate 2.5, a front sliding part 4 is arranged in front of the front vertical plate 2.1, the front sliding part 4 is driven by a motor to slide on a vertical guide rail on the front vertical plate 2.1, a front connecting rod 3 is horizontally arranged on the front sliding part 4, the front end of the front connecting rod 3 is provided with a spiral digging machine 7, a vertical supporting rod 5 is arranged on the front connecting rod 3, one end of the vertical supporting rod 5 is used for supporting a conveyor belt 6, and the middle, one end of the conveyor belt 6 is arranged at a mud outlet of the spiral earth boring machine 7, the other end of the conveyor belt 6 passes through a gap of a front vertical plate 2.1 and extends into the mud collecting barrel 10, the mud excavated by the spiral earth boring machine 7 is conveyed into the mud collecting barrel 10, when the front sliding piece 4 runs to a lower limit position, the conveyor belt 6 also runs to a lower limit position, at the moment, the gap does not influence the normal running of the conveyor belt 6, when the front sliding piece 4 runs to an upper limit position, the conveyor belt 6 also runs to an upper limit position, at the moment, the gap does not influence the normal running of the conveyor belt 6, the mud collecting barrel 10 is in an inverted circular truncated cone shape, the mud collecting barrel 10 is supported between the front vertical plate 2.1 and a rear vertical plate 2.2 through a support plate one 2.4 and a support plate two 2.5, a mud conveying device 14 for conveying the mud to the rear is arranged below the mud collecting barrel 10, be provided with agitator motor 8 on upper cover plate 2.3, agitator motor 8 connects a stirring 9, set up porosely on upper cover plate 2.3, stirring 9 clearing holes stretch into a mud collection section of thick bamboo 10, the top of a mud collection section of thick bamboo 10 is provided with nutrient solution box 15, nutrient solution box 15 sprays the nutrient solution in the earth at the in-process that stirring 9 stirs, back riser 2.2 rear is provided with back sliding part 11, back sliding part 11 passes through motor drive and is in slide on the perpendicular guide rail on the back riser 2.2, back sliding part 11 is improved level and is provided with back connecting rod 12, be provided with on the back connecting rod 12 and plant tree device 13.
Further, the tree planting device 13 has a clamping portion 16 and a rotating portion 17, the clamping portion 16 is used for clamping tree seedlings, the clamping portion 16 is connected with the rear connecting rod 12, the rotating portion 17 is arranged on the periphery of the clamping portion 16 and can rotate relative to the clamping portion 16 through motor driving, the clamping portion 16 is cylindrical, the rotating portion 17 is annular, the clamping portion 16 and the rotating portion 17 are of a concentric circle structure, the rotating portion 17 is symmetrically provided with mud leveling claws 18, the rotating portion 17 is further symmetrically provided with a soil compacting device, the soil compacting device comprises a driving motor 19, the shaft output end of the driving motor 19 is connected with a driving gear 20, the driving gear 20 is connected with a driven gear 21, the reference diameter of the driving gear 20 is larger than that of the driven gear 21, the driven gear 21 drives a cam 23 to rotate, the cam 23 drives a soil compacting piece 25, a spring 26 is arranged between the ramming mass 25 and the rotating part 17, and the ramming mass 25 can move up and down through the cooperation of the cam 23 and the spring 26.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the excavator;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a tree planting device;
FIG. 3 is a partial view of the structure of the tree planting device;
in the figure, 1, a lower walking body, 2, an upper revolving body, 2.1, a front vertical plate, 2.2, a rear vertical plate, 2.3, an upper cover plate, 2.4, a first supporting plate, 2.5, a second supporting plate, 3, a front connecting rod, 4, a sliding part, 5, a vertical supporting rod, 6, a conveying belt, 7, a spiral digging machine, 8, a stirring motor, 9, a stirring part, 10, a mud collecting cylinder, 11, a rear sliding part, 12, a rear connecting rod, 13, a tree planting device, 14, a soil conveying device, 15, a nutrient solution box, 16, a clamping part, 17, a rotating part, 18, a mud leveling claw, 19, a driving motor, 20, a driving gear, 21, a driven gear, 22, a first cavity, 23, a cam, 24, a second cavity, 25, a ramming part, 26 and a spring.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the present invention provides an excavator capable of automatically planting trees, comprising a lower traveling body 1 and an upper revolving body 2, characterized in that: the front end and the rear end of the upper revolving body 2 are respectively provided with a front vertical plate 2.1 and a rear vertical plate 2.2, the upper parts of the front vertical plate 2.1 and the rear vertical plate 2.2 are supported by an upper cover plate 2.3, a first supporting plate 2.4 and a second supporting plate 2.5 are arranged between the front vertical plate 2.1 and the rear vertical plate 2.2, the second supporting plate 2.5 is positioned below the upper cover plate 2.3, the first supporting plate 2.4 is positioned below the second supporting plate 2.5, a front sliding part 4 is arranged in front of the front vertical plate 2.1, the front sliding part 4 is driven by a motor to slide on a vertical guide rail on the front vertical plate 2.1, a front connecting rod 3 is horizontally arranged on the front sliding part 4, the front end of the front connecting rod 3 is provided with a spiral digging machine 7, a vertical supporting rod 5 is arranged on the front connecting rod 3, one end of the vertical supporting rod 5 is used for supporting a conveyor belt 6, and the middle, one end of the conveyor belt 6 is arranged at a mud outlet of the spiral earth boring machine 7, the other end of the conveyor belt 6 passes through a gap of a front vertical plate 2.1 and extends into the mud collecting barrel 10, the mud excavated by the spiral earth boring machine 7 is conveyed into the mud collecting barrel 10, when the front sliding piece 4 runs to a lower limit position, the conveyor belt 6 also runs to a lower limit position, at the moment, the gap does not influence the normal running of the conveyor belt 6, when the front sliding piece 4 runs to an upper limit position, the conveyor belt 6 also runs to an upper limit position, at the moment, the gap does not influence the normal running of the conveyor belt 6, the mud collecting barrel 10 is in an inverted circular truncated cone shape, the mud collecting barrel 10 is supported between the front vertical plate 2.1 and a rear vertical plate 2.2 through a support plate one 2.4 and a support plate two 2.5, a mud conveying device 14 for conveying the mud to the rear is arranged below the mud collecting barrel 10, be provided with agitator motor 8 on upper cover plate 2.3, agitator motor 8 connects a stirring 9, set up porosely on upper cover plate 2.3, stirring 9 clearing holes stretch into a mud collection section of thick bamboo 10, the top of a mud collection section of thick bamboo 10 is provided with nutrient solution box 15, nutrient solution box 15 sprays the nutrient solution in the earth at the in-process that stirring 9 stirs, back riser 2.2 rear is provided with back sliding part 11, back sliding part 11 passes through motor drive and is in slide on the perpendicular guide rail on the back riser 2.2, back sliding part 11 is improved level and is provided with back connecting rod 12, be provided with on the back connecting rod 12 and plant tree device 13.
The tree planting device 13 is provided with a clamping part 16 and a rotating part 17, the clamping part 16 is used for clamping tree seedlings, the clamping part 16 is connected with the rear connecting rod 12, the rotating part 17 is arranged on the periphery of the clamping part 16 and can rotate relative to the clamping part 16 through motor driving, the clamping part 16 is cylindrical, the rotating part 17 is annular, the clamping part 16 and the rotating part 17 are of a concentric circle structure, the rotating part 17 is symmetrically provided with flat mud claws 18, the rotating part 17 is further symmetrically provided with ramming devices, each ramming device comprises a driving motor 19, an output end of the driving motor 19 is connected with a driving gear 20, the driving gear 20 is connected with a driven gear 21, the reference diameter of the driving gear 20 is greater than that of the driven gear 21, the driven gear 21 drives a cam 23 to rotate, the cam 23 drives a ramming piece 25, a spring 26 is arranged between the ramming mass 25 and the rotating part 17, and the ramming mass 25 can move up and down through the cooperation of the cam 23 and the spring 26. The portion of the drive gear 20 and the driven gear 21 are disposed within the first cavity 22, and the cam 23, the tamper 25 and the spring 26 are disposed within the second cavity 24.
The invention has the working mode that the lower walking body 1 walks to a place where trees need to be planted, the motor drives the front sliding part 4 to move downwards, so as to drive the spiral earth digging machine 7 to dig tree pits, the dug soil is conveyed into the sludge collecting cylinder 10 through the conveyor belt 6, the soil is crushed in the sludge collecting cylinder 10 through the stirring motor 8 and the stirring part 9, nutrient solution is sprayed into the soil through the nutrient solution box 15, and the stirring is continued. After the tree pit is excavated, the lower walking body 1 walks, the driving tree planting device 13 reaches the upper part of the tree pit, the sliding part 11 is downward after being driven by the motor to drive the tree planting device 13 to place the tree seedling downwards into the tree pit, at the moment, the soil conveying device 14 conveys soil in the soil collecting barrel 10 after being uniformly stirred into the tree pit, after the soil is completely conveyed into the tree pit, the motor drives the rotating part 17 to rotate, the soil flattening claw 18 can flatten the soil in the tree pit, and meanwhile, the soil compacting part 25 is also driven to compact the leveled soil.

Claims (1)

1. An excavator capable of automatically planting trees, comprising a lower traveling body (1) and an upper revolving body (2), characterized in that: the front end and the rear end of the upper rotary body (2) are respectively provided with a front vertical plate (2.1) and a rear vertical plate (2.2), the upper parts of the front vertical plate (2.1) and the rear vertical plate (2.2) are supported by an upper cover plate (2.3), a first supporting plate (2.4) and a second supporting plate (2.5) are arranged between the front vertical plate (2.1) and the rear vertical plate (2.2), the second supporting plate (2.5) is positioned below the upper cover plate (2.3), the first supporting plate (2.4) is positioned below the second supporting plate (2.5), a front sliding part (4) is arranged in front of the front vertical plate (2.1), the front sliding part (4) is driven by a motor to slide on a vertical guide rail on the front vertical plate (2.1), a front connecting rod (3) is horizontally arranged on the front sliding part (4), a spiral pit digging machine (7) is arranged at the front end of the front connecting rod (3), and a supporting rod (5) is arranged on the front connecting rod (3, one end of the vertical supporting rod (5) is used for supporting a conveyor belt (6), the middle of the conveyor belt (6) is supported on the vertical supporting rod (5), one end of the conveyor belt (6) is arranged at a mud outlet of the spiral digging machine (7), the other end of the conveyor belt (6) penetrates through a gap of the front vertical plate (2.1) and extends above the mud collecting barrel (10), soil excavated by the spiral digging machine (7) is conveyed into the mud collecting barrel (10), when the front sliding piece (4) runs to a lower limit position, the conveyor belt (6) also runs to a lower limit position, at the moment, the gap cannot influence the normal running of the conveyor belt (6), when the front sliding piece (4) runs to an upper limit position, the conveyor belt (6) also runs to an upper limit position, at the moment, the gap cannot influence the normal running of the conveyor belt (6), the mud collection cylinder (10) is inverted circular truncated cone-shaped, the mud collection cylinder (10) is supported between a front vertical plate (2.1) and a rear vertical plate (2.2) through a first support plate (2.4) and a second support plate (2.5), an earth conveying device (14) for conveying earth to the rear is arranged below the mud collection cylinder (10), an agitating motor (8) is arranged on an upper cover plate (2.3), an agitating piece (9) is connected with the agitating motor (8), a hole is formed in the upper cover plate (2.3), the agitating piece (9) extends into the mud collection cylinder (10) through the hole, a nutrient solution tank (15) is arranged above the mud collection cylinder (10), the nutrient solution tank (15) sprays nutrient solution into the earth in the agitating process of the agitating piece (9), a rear vertical plate (2.2) is provided with a rear sliding piece (11), and the rear sliding piece (11) is driven by a motor to slide on a vertical guide rail on the rear vertical plate (2.2), a rear connecting rod (12) is horizontally arranged on the rear sliding piece (11), and a tree planting device (13) is arranged on the rear connecting rod (12);
the tree planting device (13) is provided with a clamping part (16) and a rotating part (17), the clamping part (16) is used for clamping tree seedlings, the clamping part (16) is connected with a rear connecting rod (12), the rotating part (17) is arranged on the periphery of the clamping part (16) and can rotate relative to the clamping part (16) through motor driving, the clamping part (16) is cylindrical, the rotating part (17) is in a circular ring shape, the clamping part (16) and the rotating part (17) are of a concentric circle structure, mud leveling claws (18) are symmetrically arranged on the rotating part (17), soil tamping devices are symmetrically arranged on the rotating part (17) and comprise a driving motor (19), a driving gear (20) is connected with an output end of the driving motor (19), a driven gear (21) is connected with the driving gear (20), and the reference diameter of the driving gear (20) is larger than the driven gear (21), the driven gear (21) drives the cam (23) to rotate, the cam (23) drives the ramming piece (25), a spring (26) is arranged between the ramming piece (25) and the rotating part (17), and the ramming piece (25) can move up and down through the matching of the cam (23) and the spring (26).
CN201810537282.7A 2018-05-30 2018-05-30 Excavator capable of automatically planting trees Active CN108575658B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810537282.7A CN108575658B (en) 2018-05-30 2018-05-30 Excavator capable of automatically planting trees

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810537282.7A CN108575658B (en) 2018-05-30 2018-05-30 Excavator capable of automatically planting trees

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CN108575658A CN108575658A (en) 2018-09-28
CN108575658B true CN108575658B (en) 2020-10-16

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110447344B (en) * 2019-07-10 2023-03-24 广西职业技术学院 Landscaping planting construction process
CN110859116A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-03-06 孙强 Tree planting device
CN111424802B (en) * 2020-05-18 2021-04-30 福州市中霖工程建设有限公司 Automatic equipment of burying underground of infiltration well of sponge city greenery patches retaining system
CN111480547B (en) * 2020-05-22 2022-02-08 中建八局第一建设有限公司 Device suitable for automatically planting trees on multiple terrains
CN112586305A (en) * 2021-01-18 2021-04-02 辽宁科技大学 Full-automatic tree planting robot
CN114698432B (en) * 2022-04-02 2023-11-07 倪江南 Sapling transplanting device for forestry protection engineering

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106538346B (en) * 2016-12-08 2022-05-06 山东科技大学 Tree planting machine and application thereof
CN206491086U (en) * 2017-02-16 2017-09-15 刘云涛 A kind of semi-automatic forest transplantation device
CN107114208A (en) * 2017-07-01 2017-09-01 王兴民 A kind of efficient sapling planting unit
CN107509412A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-26 开县郭辉燕柚子种植场 A kind of shaddock plants equipment of digging pit
CN107690884A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-02-16 开县郭辉燕柚子种植场 One kind is digged pit equipment

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Effective date of registration: 20200909

Address after: 243000 Anhui city of Ma'anshan province high tech Zone at 1669 North Road Huo sparkle Building No. 2

Applicant after: MAANSHAN RUNQI NEW MATERIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 243000 Anhui city of Ma'anshan Province Economic and Technological Development Zone, Zhu Ranlu No. 9 1-9

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Effective date of registration: 20221222

Address after: 272000 104, Digital Economy Innovation Center, No. 69, Haichuan Road, Liuhang Street, High tech Zone, Jining City, Shandong Province

Patentee after: Jining Linding Information Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 243000 2, 1669 north section of Huo Li Shan Road, Ma'anshan high tech Zone, Anhui

Patentee before: MAANSHAN RUNQI NEW MATERIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

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