CN108401883A - A kind of cultivation box - Google Patents

A kind of cultivation box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108401883A
CN108401883A CN201810412800.2A CN201810412800A CN108401883A CN 108401883 A CN108401883 A CN 108401883A CN 201810412800 A CN201810412800 A CN 201810412800A CN 108401883 A CN108401883 A CN 108401883A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cultivation box
water tank
growth
planter units
implantation hole
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810412800.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴力伟
严木火
廖江伟
孙根保
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Air Environment Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Air Environment Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Air Environment Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Anhui Air Environment Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810412800.2A priority Critical patent/CN108401883A/en
Publication of CN108401883A publication Critical patent/CN108401883A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/04Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth
    • A01G7/045Electric or magnetic or acoustic treatment of plants for promoting growth with electric lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of cultivation box, is related to planting unit technical field, including cultivation box ontology, and at least one planter units are provided in the cultivation box ontology, and each planter units include water tank and growth disk;The water tank is set to the bottom of planter units;The growth disk is installed on tank top and the upper cover as water tank, and growing has implantation hole on disk, and the implantation hole is through-hole.Planter units are placed in cultivation box ontology by the present invention, so that the subenvironment of plant growth is isolated with indoor overall situation, convenient for precisely being adjusted to plant growth environment as needed, are reached best cultivate effect.Using multiple planter units, multiple implantation holes are set in each planter units, varieties of plant and the adjustment growth of cereal crop seedlings can be selected as needed, space efficiency utilization is high, meets a variety of, voluminous use demand, and ornamental value is strong.

Description

A kind of cultivation box
Technical field
The present invention relates to planting unit technical fields, and in particular to a kind of cultivation box.
Background technology
Traditional houseplant such as flowers, nursery stock etc., is cultivated using soil, is grown naturally, artificial watering, fertilizing.Also have one A little larger plantations use drip irrigation technique and cultivation technique without soil.Existing cultivation technique is required for frequent mobile flowerpot to arrive There is sunlit position, and pollution environment is easy using soil cultivation, artificially applying fertilizer, watering are not only difficult to seize the opportunity, but also not It can determine that dosage appropriate, plant can only be grown by free period and can not be adjusted according to the characteristic of plant.Existing cultivation side Formula, once forgetting correlates plant or the long period leaves plant, it is easy to and cause plant growth to be stagnated even due to a lack of illumination With water and withered death.
Application No. is the patent documents of CN201510531895.6 to disclose a kind of houseplant intelligent cultivation device, provides A kind of method of the houseplant intelligent cultivation device and cultivation of specific practicality;Include LED light module, the branch positioned at top Strut, flowerpot, further include growth device for plant, electric water pump, power module, control module and control panel, and LED light module is logical The top that supporting rod is fixed on flowerpot is crossed, nutrient solution and water needed for plant growth, the plant growth are stored in the flowerpot Device is placed on above flowerpot, and the top and bottom of growth device for plant offer intercommunicating pore, and the lower end of growth device for plant is located at battalion In nutrient solution and water, the intercommunicating pore on the outlet pipe connection growth device for plant top of the electric water pump, power module connects LED and shines Module, control module and control panel, the software of various plants growth protocols is equipped in control module, and control module is connected to LED light module and electric water pump, control panel are connected with control module.
The patent enables users to select light application time and intensity according to the hobby of oneself, shortens or extend the growth of plant Period pointedly provides it and is used for photosynthetic light source, improves the service efficiency of nutrient solution and water.But the apparatus body The small, low output of product, it is difficult to meet a variety of, voluminous plantation needs;And the device can not provide the temperature of optimization for plant growth The specific conditions such as degree, humidity, Carbon Dioxide in Air content.
Invention content
Technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in existing Domestic planting devices to be difficult to meet a variety of, voluminous plantation The problem of needing.
The present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem using following technical scheme:
A kind of cultivation box, including cultivation box ontology are provided at least one planter units in the cultivation box ontology, each Planter units include water tank and growth disk;The water tank is set to the bottom of planter units;The growth disk is installed on water tank top Portion and upper cover as water tank, growing has implantation hole on disk, and the implantation hole is through-hole.
Further, the growth disk is hollow structure, and implantation hole includes the first implantation hole being arranged above and below and second Plant hole, first implantation hole and the second implantation hole are respectively arranged at the upper and lower surface of growth disk, the first implantation hole and Second kind plant hole number is identical and position corresponds;It is additionally provided with blasthole on the growth disk.
Further, the cultivation box ontology includes chamber door and babinet, and babinet is mainly made of top surface, bottom surface and side wall.
Further, the cultivation box ontology is equipped with air intlet, air outlet, hot air intake and cold air import, described Air intlet, air outlet, hot air intake and cold air entrance are equipped with air door.
Further, the growth disk includes the upper cover and bottom cavity being detachably connected, and the blasthole is set to bottom cavity Side wall.
Further, the edge of second implantation hole is equipped with protrusion, forms flange, is located at bottom cavity bottom on the flange The part on face top is upper flange, and notch is provided on upper flange.
Further, the planter units are arranged above and below in cultivation box ontology;Bottom planter units in the babinet Water tank capacity is more than the water tank capacity of other layer of planter units.
Further, it is additionally provided with illumination mechanism in the cultivation box ontology and adjusts the elevator of illumination mechanism height Structure;The illumination is inter-agency every mounted on the top of growth disk, and illumination mechanism includes lamp plate.
Further, the illumination mechanism further includes lampshade, and the lamp plate is mounted in lampshade, the side wall bottom of the lampshade End face is located at the lower section of lamp plate lower surface.
Further, the outside of the water tank bottom is equipped with groove, and when chamber door is closed, the texturearunaperpendicular is in the bottom of chamber door Side, the bottom surface of babinet are equipped with the guide rail with fit depressions.
Further, the elevating mechanism includes driving motor, lead screw and nut, and the lead screw is vertically installed at side wall On, the shaft of lead screw and driving motor connects;The nut is connected with lead screw, and is fixed on the lampshade side.
Further, the lampshade at least side is equipped with guide post, and the cultivation box ontology is equipped with and guide post is matched leads Slot, the guide groove are parallel with lead screw.
Further, the illumination mechanism further includes light guide plate, and the light guide plate is mounted on the lower section of lamp plate.
The invention has the advantages that:
Planter units are placed in cultivation box ontology, so that the subenvironment of plant growth is isolated with indoor overall situation, is convenient for Plant growth environment is precisely adjusted as needed, reaches best cultivate effect.It is each to plant using multiple planter units Multiple implantation holes are set on unit, varieties of plant and the adjustment growth of cereal crop seedlings can be selected as needed, space efficiency utilization is high, it is more to meet The use demand of kind, fecund, ornamental value are strong.
It is hollow structure by growth disk, water or nutrient solution, these water or nutrient solution is injected into growth disk by blasthole Flow through implantation hole, for root system of plant absorb a part, rest part by root system of plant, implantation hole reflow tank, improve water or The utilization rate of nutrient solution.
Air intlet, air outlet, hot air intake and cold air import are set on cultivation box ontology, convenient for as needed to planting Object growing environment is precisely adjusted.
Flange is set in the edge of the second implantation hole, notch is opened up on flange, water or nutrient solution can be slowed down in growth disk The speed flowing back into water tank, it is ensured that water and nutrient solution flow through each implantation hole.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of cultivation box in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the exploded view of planter units in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing in the portions A in Fig. 2.
Specific implementation mode
In order to the present invention structure feature and it is reached the effect of have a better understanding and awareness, to preferable Embodiment and attached drawing cooperation detailed description, are described as follows:
A kind of cultivation box, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, including cultivation box ontology 1 and planter units (figure does not indicate).
Cultivation box ontology 1 makes the subenvironment of plant growth be isolated with indoor overall situation, convenient for as needed to plant growth Environment is precisely adjusted, and best cultivate effect is reached.As further preferred technical solution, the cultivation box ontology 1 wraps Chamber door 11 and babinet 12 are included, babinet 12 is mainly made of top surface 121, bottom surface 122 and side wall 123, and the bottom of cultivation box ontology 1 is set There is traveling wheel 18, is moved easily.Air outlet 14 on the cultivation box ontology 1, air intlet 15, hot air intake (not shown) and cold Gas import (not shown), it is equal at the air outlet 14, air intlet 15, hot air intake (not shown) and cold air import (not shown) Equipped with air door (not shown);Air intlet 15 and air outlet 14 constitute the logical of the ventilation between 1 external environment of cultivation box ontology Road, in use, ventilation fan 13 can be arranged at air outlet 14, ventilation fan 13 can drive the air door opened at air outlet 14 to be changed Gas, air door is closed after the completion of ventilation.As further preferred technical solution, air filtration layer is equipped at the air outlet 15, Air filtration layer is active carbon net 16, is filtered purification to the air in babinet 2, advanced optimizes plant growth environment.Heat Gas import and cold air import are connected with hot gas source and cold air source respectively, and hot gas source and cold air source can be by the prior art Various methods obtain, and as needed control the temperature in cultivation box ontology 1.
As further preferred technical solution, the air outlet 14 is set on the top surface of babinet 12, air intlet 15 It is set to the lower section of wall box 123.Hot air intake and cold air import may be disposed on each face of babinet 12.
As further preferred technical solution, the chamber door 11 is transparent glass door, according to the height of cultivation box ontology 1 Degree can be arranged multiple chamber doors, two transparent glass doors up and down be arranged in the present embodiment, and be equipped with behaviour between upper and lower two glass doors Make panel 19, display screen and operation button are provided on operation panel 19, in use, control can be arranged in cultivation box ontology 1 Module, control module are connect with operation panel 19, realize intelligent plantation.Also can transparence be made in babinet 12 as needed, Convenient for observing 1 implants growing state of cultivation box ontology, while playing the role of ornamental.
At least one planter units (figure does not indicate), when there are multiple planter units, institute are equipped in the cultivation box ontology 1 Stating multiple planter units can need to be arranged in variously-shaped, each planter units in cultivation box ontology 1 according to ornamental or plantation Can individually it adjust.Planter units include water tank 2 and growth disk 3.
As shown in Fig. 2, the water tank 2 is set to the bottom of planter units, the water having needed for plant growth is stored in water tank 2 And nutrient solution;As further preferred technical solution, the outside of 2 bottom of the water tank is equipped with groove 24, when chamber door 11 is closed, The groove 24 is equipped with and 24 matched guide rail 124 of groove perpendicular to the bottom edge of chamber door 11, the bottom surface 122 of babinet.Make water Case 2 easily can be extracted out or be packed into.Transparent glass door can be opened in planting process at any time as needed, to relevant plant Type changes, and harvests or supplement water and nutrient solution, and repeating the above steps can continue to cultivate after the completion.
As shown in Figs. 1-3, the growth disk 3 is installed on 2 top of water tank and as the upper cover of water tank 2, and growing on disk 3 has kind Hole 30 is planted, the implantation hole 30 is through-hole.Can multiple implantation holes 30 be set on growth disk 3 as needed, as further excellent The technical solution of choosing, growth disk 3 are hollow structure, and implantation hole 30 includes the first implantation hole 31 and the second implantation hole being arranged above and below 32, first implantation hole, 31 and second implantation hole 32 be respectively arranged at growth disk 3 upper and lower surface, it is described the first Plant hole 31 is identical with 32 quantity of the second implantation hole and position corresponds;First implantation hole 31 and the second implantation hole 32 are logical Hole is used for serike, and plant bottom is suitably fixed so that root system extends downward into water tank, and plant top can freely give birth to It is long;The quasi- vegetable seeds cultivated or seedling bud are coated with assisting growth and positioning, cross the cellulosic culture medium of water, and are implanted into plantation Hole.Blasthole (not shown) is additionally provided on the growth disk 3, blasthole may be disposed at the top or side of growth disk.In use, First water pump 22 can be set in water tank 2, and the first water pump 22 is connect with the first water pipe 23, and the other end of the first water pipe 23 is connected to The blasthole, to which water tank 2 to be connected to growth disk 3.
As further preferred technical solution, the growth disk 3 includes the upper cover 33 being detachably connected and bottom cavity 34, on It is connected together between lid 33 and bottom cavity 34, the blasthole is set on the side wall of bottom cavity 34;The side of second implantation hole 32 It is equipped with protrusion at edge, forms flange 35, is located on the bottom surface of bottom cavity on the flange 35, notch 351 is provided on flange 35.Water tank Water and nutrient solution in 2 are delivered to by the first water pump 22 and the first water pipe 23 in bottom cavity 34, flow through each implantation hole 30 for planting Object absorbs a part, and rest part flows back by notch and realizes cycle in water tank 2.The setting of flange 35 can slow down water and nutrition Liquid flows back into the speed in water tank 2, it is ensured that water and nutrient solution flow through each implantation hole 30.As further preferred technical side Case, the notch 351 are identical as the height of flange 35.
As further preferred technical solution, 3 planter units being arranged above and below are equipped in the cultivation box ontology 1, The volume of the water tank 2 of bottom planter units is more than the water tank capacity of other planter units, and bottom planter units in babinet 12 Be equipped with the second water pump (not shown) in water tank, connect several second water pipe (not shown) on the second water pump, the second water pipe it is another End is inserted into respectively in the water tank of other each planter units, and the second water pipe is equipped with valve (not shown).When some upper layer water tank When interior water level is too low, the second water pump and corresponding valve opening are opened, water is supplemented into the water tank, until the water in the water tank Position reaches predeterminated position, realizes that upper layer water tank directly supplements water from the larger water tank of bottom volume, is more convenient to operate.
As further preferred technical solution, it is additionally provided with illumination mechanism 4 in the cultivation box ontology 1 and adjusts illumination The elevating mechanism 5 of mechanism height;The interval of illumination mechanism 4 is mounted on the top of growth disk 3, and illumination mechanism 4 includes lamp plate 41. Lamp plate 41 is made of the LED light emitting sources of a greater number, a variety of monochromes, according to different plants and the needs of different stages of growth, The combination for the LED kind, quantity that adjustable every layer of lamp plate is lit simultaneously, forms the optimal spectrum of this layer of plant growth.
As further preferred technical solution, the illumination mechanism 4 further includes lampshade 42, and the lamp plate 41 is mounted on lamp In cover 42, the side wall bottom face of the lampshade 42 is located at the lower section of 41 lower surface of lamp plate, makes top and the periphery quilt of lamp plate 41 Lampshade 42 covers, and only sends out illumination to lower part against growth disk 3 when lighting, improves illumination utilization rate.As further preferred Technical solution, the illumination mechanism 4 further include light guide plate 43, and light guide plate 43 is similarly installed in lampshade 42, and are located at lamp plate 41 Lower section, can further improve luminous efficiency, reduce energy consumption.
Elevating mechanism 5 can be the mechanism of the various driving liftings such as drawstring, hoisting mechanism, as further preferred technology Scheme, the elevating mechanism 5 include driving motor 51, lead screw 52 and nut 53, and the lead screw 52 is vertically installed at cultivation box sheet On the side wall of body 1, lead screw 52 is connect with the shaft of driving motor 51;The nut 53 is connected with lead screw 52, and is fixed on The side of the lampshade 42.Driving motor 51 can drive 52 positive and negative rotation of lead screw, and then push the nut being fixed on lampshade 42 53, drive lamp plate 41 to move up and down, for adjusting the space needed as plant grows tall, and the illumination that plant can be made to be subject to is strong Degree generates variation because it is different from light emitting source distance.As further preferred technical solution, at least the one of the lampshade 42 Side be equipped with guide post 421, the cultivation box ontology 1 be equipped with the matched guide groove 17 of guide post, the guide groove 17 and lead screw 52 are flat Row.The frictional resistance that illumination mechanism 4 moves up and down can be reduced.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the present invention have been shown and described above.The technology of the industry Personnel are it should be appreciated that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and what is described in the above embodiment and the description is only the present invention Principle, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, these variation and Improvement is both fallen in the range of claimed invention.The present invention claims protection domain by appended claims and its Equivalent defines.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cultivation box, which is characterized in that including cultivation box ontology, at least one plantation is provided in the cultivation box ontology Unit, each planter units include water tank and growth disk;The water tank is set to the bottom of planter units;The growth disk installation In tank top, growing has implantation hole on disk, and the implantation hole is through-hole.
2. a kind of cultivation box according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the growth disk is hollow structure, implantation hole packet The first implantation hole and the second implantation hole being arranged above and below are included, first implantation hole and the second implantation hole are respectively arranged at growth disk Upper and lower surface, the first implantation hole plants that hole number is identical and position is corresponded with second kind;On the growth disk also Equipped with blasthole.
3. a kind of cultivation box according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cultivation box ontology includes chamber door and babinet, Babinet is mainly made of top surface, bottom surface and side wall.
4. a kind of cultivation box according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cultivation box ontology be equipped with air intlet, Air outlet, hot air intake and cold air import, the air intlet, air outlet, hot air intake and cold air entrance are equipped with air door.
5. a kind of cultivation box according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the growth disk includes the upper cover being detachably connected And bottom cavity, the blasthole are set to the side wall of bottom cavity.
6. a kind of cultivation box according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the edge of second implantation hole is equipped with convex It rises, forms flange, the part that bottom cavity bottom surface top is located on the flange is upper flange, and notch is provided on upper flange.
7. a kind of cultivation box according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the planter units are upper and lower in cultivation box ontology Arrangement;The water tank capacity of bottom planter units is more than the water tank capacity of other layer of planter units in the babinet.
8. a kind of cultivation box according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be additionally provided with illumination mechanism in the cultivation box ontology And adjust the elevating mechanism of illumination mechanism height;The illumination is inter-agency every mounted on the top of growth disk, illumination mechanism packet Include lamp plate.
9. a kind of cultivation box according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the illumination mechanism further includes lampshade, the lamp Plate is mounted in lampshade, and the side wall bottom face of the lampshade is located at the lower section of lamp plate lower surface.
10. a kind of cultivation box according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the outside of the water tank bottom is equipped with groove, case When door is closed, for the texturearunaperpendicular in the bottom edge of chamber door, the bottom surface of babinet is equipped with the guide rail with fit depressions.
CN201810412800.2A 2018-05-03 2018-05-03 A kind of cultivation box Pending CN108401883A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810412800.2A CN108401883A (en) 2018-05-03 2018-05-03 A kind of cultivation box

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810412800.2A CN108401883A (en) 2018-05-03 2018-05-03 A kind of cultivation box

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108401883A true CN108401883A (en) 2018-08-17

Family

ID=63137637

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810412800.2A Pending CN108401883A (en) 2018-05-03 2018-05-03 A kind of cultivation box

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108401883A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110073759A (en) * 2019-05-22 2019-08-02 王志嵩 A kind of seed cultivation device of efficiently high-incidence bud rate

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110073759A (en) * 2019-05-22 2019-08-02 王志嵩 A kind of seed cultivation device of efficiently high-incidence bud rate

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