CN108172348B - Core pulling device of wire recycling and disassembling equipment - Google Patents

Core pulling device of wire recycling and disassembling equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108172348B
CN108172348B CN201711467170.0A CN201711467170A CN108172348B CN 108172348 B CN108172348 B CN 108172348B CN 201711467170 A CN201711467170 A CN 201711467170A CN 108172348 B CN108172348 B CN 108172348B
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China
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wire
core
core pulling
hook
roller
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CN108172348A (en
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不公告发明人
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Taizhou Jinfugui Renewable Resource Utilization Co ltd
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台州金福桂再生资源利用有限公司
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B15/00Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B15/00Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables
    • H01B15/003Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables by heating up
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B15/00Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables
    • H01B15/005Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables by cutting
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B15/00Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables
    • H01B15/005Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables by cutting
    • H01B15/006Making a longitudinal cut
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G1/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines
    • H02G1/12Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof
    • H02G1/1202Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof by cutting and withdrawing insulation
    • H02G1/1248Machines
    • H02G1/1251Machines the cutting element not rotating about the wire or cable
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G1/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines
    • H02G1/12Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof
    • H02G1/1275Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof by applying heat
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G1/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines
    • H02G1/12Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof
    • H02G1/1292Devices for dismantling twisted filaments
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

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  • Removal Of Insulation Or Armoring From Wires Or Cables (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a core-pulling device of wire recycling and disassembling equipment, which comprises the following components: the wire arranging device comprises a wire arranging roller, wherein at least one wire arranging hook is arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the wire arranging roller; a hook blade is arranged on the wire arranging hook; the wire arranging roller is connected with a speed regulating motor; the core pulling device has the advantages that the automation degree of equipment is increased, the working procedure is simplified, particularly the wire feeding setting and the cutting setting in the prior technical scheme are omitted, the structure of the equipment is simplified accurately, and the performance is more stable; the device for disassembling the waste electric wires and cables realizes the automatic separation of the disassembled electric wire skin and the electric wire metal core with high efficiency, automatically enters the corresponding container, thoroughly solves the technical problem that the final link in the electric wire disassembling production needs manual assistance for separation, really realizes the integrated automation of all processes of the waste electric wire disassembling production, improves the working efficiency, saves the labor cost, is environment-friendly and energy-saving, has simple structure, is easy to manufacture, has stable performance, and can efficiently and quickly clean the waste electric wires and cables.

Description

Core pulling device of wire recycling and disassembling equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to a recycling machine for urban solid waste resources, relates to the technical field of metal and plastic separation for recycling waste fine and miscellaneous electric wires, belongs to a waste fine and miscellaneous electric wire disassembling machine, relates to automatic waste and miscellaneous electric wire disassembling equipment, and particularly relates to a core pulling device of the electric wire recycling disassembling equipment.
Background
With the popularization of electronic and electric products, a large amount of waste electric wires are produced, and because a large amount of noble metals and plastics exist in the waste electric wires, the waste electric wires become high value-added products in urban mineral products, and how to recycle the waste electric wires is a major topic of the modern society.
At present, the waste fine and miscellaneous electric wires are disassembled by manual disassembly without the following steps 1, the production efficiency is low, the labor cost is high, and the working environment of workers is poor; 2. incineration, which destroys the environment and has been banned from use; 3. chemical methods, chemical solvents are very damaging to the environment; 4, the cost is very high, and the method is not suitable for industrial production, 5, a mechanical method, and two mechanical methods are adopted for disassembly, wherein one method is a peeling method, only is suitable for thick cables, the waste cables must be straightened and manually sent to a handheld waste cable to be disassembled on a disassembling machine, the method belongs to semi-mechanical semi-manual mechanical peeling and disassembling, and the waste fine and miscellaneous wires are straightened and manually disassembled on the disassembling machine, so a large amount of labor cost is required, and the method is not suitable for disassembling the waste fine and miscellaneous wires; the second is a crushing method, which is to crush the waste fine wires thoroughly, the metal becomes copper rice shape, the plastic skin becomes dust shape, the defects of the separation method are that firstly, the dust pollution is caused, secondly, the energy consumption is large, thirdly, the equipment cost is high, and the separation method can not be borne by general small-scale enterprises. Such as Chinese invention patents CN 103489538A, CN 102489368A, CN 103537472A, CN101923927A Chinese utility model patents CN203130955U, CN 203039303U and the like; at present, most of disordered waste fine and miscellaneous electric wires are disassembled industrially by adopting a crushing and separating method.
The invention relates to a waste thin miscellaneous electric wire disassembling device of Chinese patent ZL201610273554.8, which is used for carrying out full-automatic mechanical cutting and disassembling on disordered waste thin miscellaneous electric wires and provides an automatic and effective waste cable disassembling device.A disordered waste electric wire is automatically straightened, radially cut off and straightened into multi-broken electric wires in a uniform direction through a wire straightening mechanism arranged in a disassembling machine before the waste electric wires enter a cutter mechanism for cutting and separating, the electric wires are sent to the cutter mechanism through a wire feeding mechanism, and then the straightened waste electric wires are axially cut to separate wire skins and wire cores of the electric wires; according to the technical scheme, the automation degree of equipment is increased, the working efficiency is improved, the working environment is improved, the labor cost is saved, and the environment-friendly and energy-saving effects are achieved.
This old and useless electric wire detaching device through reason line mechanism, has realized the mixed and disorderly old and useless electric wire effect of automatic arrangement, has realized high efficiency, environmental protection, clear up old and useless electric wire fast. However, the waste fine wire and miscellaneous electric wire dismantling device disclosed in patent ZL201610273554.8 of the invention needs a wire feeding mechanism to feed waste electric wires into a cutter mechanism for sectioning and dismantling during automatic operation, and the automatic separation technology of the sheath and the core of the waste electric wires after sectioning is not perfect and needs manual assistance, so the above technical scheme needs to be further corrected.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problem, the invention provides a wire recycling and disassembling device, which comprises a machine body and a wire sheath-core separation receiving box; the machine body is of a box-type structure; the machine body is provided with a speed regulating motor, a feeding hole, a discharging hole and at least one wire arranging mechanism; the wire arranging mechanism comprises a wire arranging roller, and at least one wire arranging hook is arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the wire arranging roller; a hook blade is arranged on the wire arranging hook; the wire arranging roller is connected with a speed regulating motor; the wire core pulling mechanism and the hook cutter groove are also included; the hook cutter groove is arranged at the bottom of the feed port, is a tooth groove with a blade and is mutually and precisely matched with the blade of the wire arranging hook to form a shearing structure; the core pulling mechanism comprises a core pulling coil and a core pulling roller, and the core pulling coil is movably sleeved on the outer circumferences of the wire arranging rollers at the left side and the right side of the wire arranging hook; the core pulling roller is positioned above the core pulling coil; the core pulling roller is connected with a motor to enable the core pulling roller to rotate opposite to the wire arranging roller; the wire arrangement mechanism further comprises a wire blocking device, and a wire pressing groove and a wire breaking cutter are arranged on the wire blocking device.
The wire arranging hook is provided with a beak-shaped skin cutting groove, the skin cutting groove is of an L-shaped structure, and the edges of two side grooves of the skin cutting groove are knife grooves with blades; the width of the bottom cutting edge of the peeling groove is smaller than the radius of the wire.
The wire blocking device is a wire blocking plate which is fixed in the machine body; the upper end of the wire baffle plate is connected with the feed inlet, and the lower end of the wire baffle plate is parallel to the wire arranging roller; the lower end of the wire baffle plate is provided with a row of wire pressing grooves for the wire arranging hooks for hooking the wires to pass through.
The lower end of the wire baffle plate is provided with two rows of teeth with blades which are overlapped up and down, and the gaps between the teeth and the teeth form a wire pressing groove; the lower row of teeth and the thread blocking plate are fixedly connected to form a fixed cutter, the upper row of teeth overlapped on the fixed cutter form a movable cutter, and the fixed cutter and the movable cutter form a thread breaking cutter; the movable knife moves in a reciprocating manner to break the wire once before the wire trimming hook rotates to the wire pressing groove; and (5) circulating and reciprocating.
As a further technical correction, the wire arranging mechanism is a left wire arranging mechanism and a right wire arranging mechanism which are arranged in parallel; the left and right wire arranging rollers, the wire blocking device and the wire clamping and core pulling device corresponding to the left and right wire arranging mechanisms are symmetrically arranged; the wire arranging rollers enable the adjacent wire arranging rollers to rotate oppositely through a speed regulating motor.
A wire arranging bottom plate is arranged between the adjacent left and right wire arranging rollers and fixedly connected with the case, and a hook knife groove for a wire arranging hook to pass through is arranged on the wire arranging bottom plate; the width of the wire arranging bottom plate between the left wire arranging roller and the right wire arranging roller is larger than the radial height of the wire arranging hook.
The diameters of the left and right wire arranging rollers are the same, the wire arranging hooks on the left and right wire arranging rollers are corresponding to each other, and when the left and right wire arranging rollers rotate oppositely, the corresponding wire arranging hooks simultaneously pass through the hook cutter grooves on the wire arranging bottom plate.
As a further technical correction, the outer circumferential surface of the drawing coil is an inward radial groove; the core-pulling roller comprises a core-pulling wheel and a roller shaft; the outer circumferential surface of the core pulling wheel is provided with a bulge matched with the groove of the coil pulling ring, the roll shaft is connected with a motor, and the core pulling wheel is elastically and telescopically arranged in the machine body through the roll shaft; the bulge of the core pulling wheel is mutually attached to the groove of the core pulling coil.
The core pulling wheel drives the core pulling coil and the wire arranging roller to rotate in the same direction; the rotating speed of the wire drawing coil is slower than that of the wire arranging roller.
The coil drawing ring is an electric heating gilding metal ring; the binding surface of the core pulling wheel and the core pulling coil is a rubber layer.
The number of the core pulling wheels on the core pulling roller corresponds to that of the core pulling rings on the wire arranging roller, and a gap for the wire arranging hook to hook the wire to pass through is arranged between the core pulling wheels.
The technical scheme of the invention never exists in the field, so the invention creates the beginning of the technical field of the disassembly and utilization of the recycled electric wires; the unexpected technical effect is achieved.
The mechanical working principle of the technical scheme is as follows:
firstly, wire arrangement: the waste electric wires which are disorderly and unsmooth are placed into the feeding hole, the waste electric wires in the machine body are dragged and turned through rotation of the wire arranging roller, the wire arranging hook on the wire arranging roller is driven by the rotation of the wire arranging roller to hook the waste electric wires to rotate backwards, the wire blocking device blocks redundant electric wires which are disorderly and badly clustered, acting force opposite to the wire arranging hook is generated, and when the opposite acting force enables the electric wires to reach a certain degree between the wire arranging hook and the wire blocking device, the hook blade of the wire arranging hook can automatically cut off the straightened electric wires. Along with the ceaseless rotation of the wire arranging roller, the waste electric wires can be ceaselessly hooked by the hook blade of the wire arranging hook, and the waste electric wires hooked by the wire arranging hook are straightened and cut off, and are circularly reciprocated in cycles, and the waste electric wires which are mixed with grains are arranged into straightened section wires.
The wire arranging mechanism of the embodiment is provided with a left wire arranging roller and a right wire arranging roller in parallel, and the working principle is as follows: the left wire arranging roller and the right wire arranging roller are driven to rotate in opposite directions through the speed regulating motor, and the opposite rotation of the left wire arranging roller and the right wire arranging roller drives the wire arranging hooks on the wire arranging rollers to hook the waste wires and pull the waste wires backwards, so that opposite acting forces are generated; when the opposite tension reaches a certain degree, the hook blade of the wire arranging hook can automatically cut off the straightened wire; with the continuous rotation of the left and right wire arranging hooks, the hook blades of the wire arranging hooks ceaselessly hook waste electric wires which are mixed with grains, the waste electric wires hooked by the wire arranging hooks are straightened and cut off, the wire arranging rollers 6 work in a reciprocating mode, and the waste electric wires are quickly arranged into straightened section wires.
Secondly, core pulling: under the action of the rotating force of the wire arranging roller, the wire arranging hook hooks the waste wire or the section wire after the wire arranging is pulled backwards, the wire arranging hook is provided with a beak-shaped skin cutting groove, and because the width of a gap between blades of the skin cutting groove is less than or equal to the diameter of a wire metal core, a wire skin on the radial circumference of the hook cutter part is cut by a hook blade of the wire arranging hook and a groove blade of the skin cutting groove, at the moment, the hooking part of the wire arranging hook is the wire metal core; if the wire arranging hook hooks the waste electric wires and pulls the waste electric wires backwards to reach a certain length, the wire pressing groove arranged on the wire blocking device presses the electric wires downwards, and the waste electric wires are pressed into the wire pulling ring of the core pulling mechanism; meanwhile, a wire breaking cutter on the wire blocking device cuts off the rear electric wire positioned on the wire blocking device; the wire-arranging hook continues to pull the wire to rotate forwards,
the core-pulling wheel drives the core-pulling coil and the wire arranging roller to rotate in the same direction; the protrusions of the core pulling wheels are mutually attached to the shape grooves of the core pulling coils, and gaps for the wire arranging hooks to hook the wires to pass through are formed among the core pulling wheels; when the wire drawing hook hooks the wire to pass through a gap between the core drawing wheels, the wire on two sides hooked by the wire arranging hook can be naturally wound between the wire drawing coil and the core drawing wheels when the wire drawing coil and the wire arranging roller rotate in the same direction;
the wire drawing ring is movably sleeved on the outer circumferences of the wire arranging rollers at the left side and the right side of the wire arranging hook, and the rotating speed of the wire drawing ring is slower than that of the wire arranging rollers; therefore, the wire which is pressed by the core pulling wheel to rotate slowly in the core pulling coil and the wire core on the wire arranging hook which rotates quickly generate opposite pulling force, and when the pulling force reaches a certain degree, the wire core can be pulled out from the wire sheath.
If the waste electric wires are hooked by the wire arranging hook and pulled backwards without reaching a certain length, the waste electric wires cannot be pulled out together due to winding of the waste electric wire coil, at the moment, the waste electric wires are hooked by the wire arranging hook and pulled backwards, the wound waste electric wire coil is blocked at the feeding position by the wire blocking device, so that opposite acting force is generated, and when the opposite acting force is increased to reach a certain pulling force, the waste electric wires are hooked by the wire arranging hook and still cannot be pulled out, the electric wires on the hook blades of the wire arranging hook can be cut off when reaching a certain limit; the wire arranging roller drives the wire arranging hook to rotate ceaselessly, the wound waste electric wires are straightened and cut in cycles, and the wound waste electric wire coils can be straightened into sections of wires.
The section wire is hooked by the wire arranging hook and then pulled, the wire pressing groove presses the wire into the semicircular groove of the drawing coil, the wire arranging hook continuously pulls the wire to rotate forwards, and the axial direction of the drawing core wheel is convex and matched with the groove of the drawing coil; therefore, the core pulling roller enables the core pulling wheel to be attached to the core pulling ring through elastic pressure, the rotation speed of the core pulling ring is different from that of the wire arranging roller, so that opposite pulling force is generated between the wire pressed in the core pulling ring at a low speed and the wire metal core on the wire arranging hook rotating at a high speed, and when the pulling force continues to increase to a certain degree, the wire core can be pulled out of the wire sheath. After the electric wire core is pulled out from the electric wire sheath, the core pulling roller and the core pulling coil continue to rotate at a low speed.
Before the core pulling process, the electric wire can be heated, so that the core pulling effect is better; therefore, the wire arranging roller preferably uses an electric heating roller or an electric heating coil drawing coil.
In the core pulling process, a thread breaking blade is arranged at the bottom of the drawing coil; if the electric wire on the drawing coil slides, the electric wire skin is split at the bottom by the wire breaking blade, so that the frictional resistance between the electric wire core and the electric wire skin in the core pulling process is reduced, and the core pulling separation of the electric wire is facilitated.
Thirdly, automatically separating the skin from the core: after the core pulling process is completed, the metal wire core is embedded on the wire arranging hook and continuously rotates along with the wire arranging roller, when the wire arranging hook rotates to the wire arranging groove, the metal wire core is cut off by matching the hook blade of the wire arranging hook with the tooth groove with the blade of the wire arranging groove, and the cut metal wire core falls into the metal core bearing box of the sheath-core separation bearing box through the feed inlet; and the wire sheath after the core pulling falls down to enter a discharge port and falls into the wire sheath receiving box of the sheath-core separation receiving box along with the continuous rotation of the core pulling roller and the core pulling coil.
According to the integral equipment, the invention is a core pulling device of the electric wire recycling and disassembling equipment, which plays a key role in core pulling and disassembling the metal core of the electric wire in the automatic disassembling process of the waste electric wire, realizes the automatic separation of the electric wire sheath and the metal core, solves the technical problem that the waste electric wire needs to be fed into a cutter mechanism by a wire feeding mechanism for sectioning and disassembling during automatic work, avoids the manual work for assisting the separation of the electric wire sheath and the metal core, and achieves the aim of really fully automatically disassembling the waste electric wire.
The invention discloses a core-pulling device of wire recycling and disassembling equipment, which comprises the following components: comprises a wire arranging roller, at least one wire arranging hook is arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the wire arranging roller; a hook blade is arranged on the wire arranging hook; the wire arranging roller is connected with a speed regulating motor; the wire drawing device also comprises a wire drawing ring and a core drawing roller, wherein the wire drawing ring is movably sleeved on the wire arranging rollers at the left side and the right side of the wire arranging hook; the core-pulling roller comprises a core-pulling wheel and a roller shaft; the core-pulling wheel is elastically and telescopically arranged in the machine body through a roll shaft; the thread drawing ring is movably sleeved on the thread arranging rollers at the left side and the right side of the thread arranging hook; the core pulling wheels on the core pulling rollers and the core pulling coils on the wire arranging rollers are correspondingly matched and installed, and gaps for the wire arranging hooks to hook the wires to pass are formed among the core pulling wheels; the wire blocking device is provided with a wire pressing groove and a wire breaking cutter.
The wire arranging hook is provided with a beak-shaped skin cutting groove, the skin cutting groove is of an L-shaped structure, and the edges of two side grooves of the skin cutting groove are knife grooves with blades; the width of the bottom cutting edge of the peeling groove is smaller than the radius of the wire.
The wire blocking device is a wire blocking plate which is fixed in the machine body; the upper end of the wire baffle plate is connected with the feed inlet, and the lower end of the wire baffle plate is parallel to the wire arranging roller; the lower end of the wire baffle plate is provided with a row of wire pressing grooves which enable the wire arranging hooks to hook the wires.
The lower end of the wire baffle plate is provided with two rows of teeth with blades which are overlapped up and down, and the gaps between the teeth and the teeth form a wire pressing groove; the lower row of teeth and the thread blocking plate are fixedly connected to form a fixed cutter, the upper row of teeth overlapped on the fixed cutter form a movable cutter, and the fixed cutter and the movable cutter form a thread breaking cutter; the movable knife moves in a reciprocating manner to break the wire once before the wire trimming hook rotates to the wire pressing groove; and (5) circulating and reciprocating.
As a further technical correction, a roll shaft of the core-pulling wheel is connected with a pressure controller in an elastic telescopic way; a brake device for increasing the rotation resistance of the core-pulling wheel is arranged on the core-pulling wheel or the roll shaft; the core pulling wheel is folded and unfolded through the pressure controller, when the wire arranging hook hooks the waste electric wire and pulls the waste electric wire backwards to a certain length, the core pulling wheel is unfolded through the pressure controller, and the core pulling wheel and the core pulling coil are attached to each other to press and grab the electric wire on the core pulling coil.
As a further technical correction, the core pulling wheel and the core pulling coil are mutually attached; the core-pulling roller is connected with a motor, so that the core-pulling wheel drives the core-pulling coil and the wire arranging roller to rotate in the same direction; the core pulling wheel drives the rotation speed of the core pulling coil to be slower than that of the wire arranging roller; the wire pressing groove presses the wire into the wire drawing ring, when the wire arranging hook hooks the waste wire and pulls the waste wire backwards to a certain length, and when the wire drawing ring is driven by the wire drawing wheel to rotate in the same direction as the wire arranging roller, the wire pressed into the wire drawing ring is automatically rolled into the space between the wire drawing ring and the wire drawing ring to realize wire pressing and grabbing.
As a further technical correction, the circumferential surface of the coil drawing ring is radially recessed in an arc shape; the outer circumferential surface of the core pulling wheel is radially provided with arc-shaped bulges which are matched with the concave parts of the core pulling coils; the bulge of the core pulling wheel can be elastically and telescopically attached to the groove of the core pulling coil.
As a further technical correction, a thread breaking blade is arranged in the groove of the drawing coil.
As a further technical correction, the drawing coil is an electrothermal gilding metal coil; the binding surface of the core pulling wheel and the core pulling coil is a rubber layer.
As a further technical correction, the wire baffle plate is an electric heating wire baffle plate.
The technical principle of the core-pulling device of the invention is as follows: put into the feed inlet with mixed and disorderly old and useless electric wire, rotate through the reason line roller, old and useless electric wire in the organism will be dragged, turn, the reason line roller rotates and drives the reason line hook on the reason line roller and hooks old and useless electric wire and rotate backward, it sets up the beak form on the line hook and cuts the skin groove to arrange the line, because it is L shape structure to cut the skin groove, the diameter of space width less than or equal to electric wire metal core between the cutting edge of cutting the skin groove, the hook sword of reason line hook and the groove sword of cutting the skin groove have cut the electric wire skin on the radial circumference of bush-hook portion, make the reason line hook portion of hooking this moment be electric wire metal core. If the wire arranging hook hooks the waste electric wires and pulls the waste electric wires backwards to reach a certain length, the wire pressing groove arranged on the wire blocking device presses the electric wires downwards, and the waste electric wires are pressed into the wire pulling ring of the core pulling mechanism; meanwhile, a wire breaking cutter on the wire blocking device cuts off the rear electric wire positioned on the wire blocking device; the wire arranging hook continues to pull the wire to rotate forwards, the core pulling wheel and the wire pulling coil are elastically attached in a telescopic way, and the arc-shaped bulge of the core pulling wheel is matched with the radian of the semicircular groove of the wire pulling coil; the core pulling wheel is movably sleeved on the outer circumferences of the wire arranging rollers at the left side and the right side of the wire arranging hook, and the core pulling wheel rotates in the opposite direction to drive the core pulling wheel to rotate in the opposite direction; the wire drawing ring and the wire arranging roller rotate in the same direction, and the wire drawing ring is driven to rotate forwards at a speed slower than that of the wire arranging roller due to the opposite rotation of the core drawing wheel, so that opposite pulling force is generated between the wire sheath pressed by the core drawing wheel in the wire drawing ring and the wire core on the wire arranging hook rotating forwards, and when the pulling force reaches a certain degree, the wire core can be pulled out of the wire sheath.
After the electric wire core is pulled out from the electric wire sheath, the core pulling wheel drives the core pulling coil to continue rotating, the electric wire sheath can be automatically rotated out, and the process is repeated in a cycle, and the core pulling roller and the wire arranging roller are driven to rotate and drive the core pulling coil to circularly reciprocate.
Before the core pulling process, the electric wire can be heated, so that the core pulling effect is better; therefore, the wire arranging roller preferably uses an electric heating roller or an electric heating coil drawing coil. Or the thread baffle plate is arranged as an electric heating thread baffle plate.
In the core pulling process, a wire breaking blade is arranged in the groove part of the drawing coil; if the electric wire on the drawing coil slides, the electric wire skin is split at the bottom by the wire breaking blade, so that the frictional resistance between the electric wire core and the electric wire skin in the core pulling process is reduced, and the core pulling separation of the electric wire is facilitated.
According to the technical scheme, the automation degree of the equipment is increased, the working procedure is simplified, particularly the wire feeding setting and the cutting setting in the prior technical scheme are omitted, the structure of the equipment is simplified accurately, and the performance is more stable; the device for disassembling the waste electric wires and cables realizes the automatic separation of the disassembled electric wire skin and the electric wire metal core with high efficiency, automatically enters the corresponding container, thoroughly solves the technical problem that the final link in the electric wire disassembling production needs manual assistance for separation, really realizes the integrated automation of all processes of the waste electric wire disassembling production, improves the working efficiency, saves the labor cost, is environment-friendly and energy-saving, has simple structure, is easy to manufacture, has stable performance, and can efficiently and quickly clean the waste electric wires and cables.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a sectional view of the structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged view of the wire core-pulling mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of the thread stop plate.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of the hook groove.
In the figure, 1 machine body, 2 electric wire skin-core separation receiving box, 21 metal core receiving box, 22 electric wire skin receiving box, 3 speed regulating motor, 4 feed inlets, 5 discharge outlets, 6 wire arranging rollers, 7 wire arranging hooks, 71 skin cutting grooves, 8 drawing coils, 81 coil grooves, 83 groove wire breaking blades, 9 drawing rollers, 91 drawing wheels, 92 roll shafts, 10 wire blocking plates, 101 wire pressing grooves, 102 wire breaking cutters, 103 fixed cutters, 104 fixed cutters, 12 wire arranging bottom plates and 13 hook cutter grooves are arranged.
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated by the following figures and examples.
As shown in the figure, the core pulling device of the wire recycling and disassembling equipment of the invention comprises: comprises a wire arranging roller 6, at least one wire arranging hook 7 is arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the wire arranging roller 6; the wire-arranging hook 7 is provided with a hook edge; the wire arranging roller 6 is connected with the speed regulating motor 3; the wire drawing mechanism further comprises a wire drawing ring 8 and a wire drawing roller 9, wherein the wire drawing ring 8 is movably sleeved on the wire arranging rollers 6 on the left side and the right side of the wire arranging hook 7; the core-pulling roller 9 comprises a core-pulling wheel 91 and a roller shaft 92; the core pulling wheel 91 is elastically and telescopically arranged in the machine body 1 through a roll shaft 92; the thread drawing ring 8 is movably sleeved on the thread arranging rollers 6 at the left side and the right side of the thread arranging hook 7; the core pulling wheel 91 on the core pulling roller 9 and the core pulling coil 8 on the wire arranging roller 6 are correspondingly matched and installed, and a gap for the wire arranging hook 7 to hook the wire to pass through is arranged between the core pulling wheels 91; the wire blocking device is provided with a wire pressing groove 101 and a wire breaking cutter 102.
The wire arranging hook 7 is provided with a beak-shaped skin cutting groove 71, the skin cutting groove 71 is of an L-shaped structure, and two side groove edges of the skin cutting groove 71 are knife grooves with blades; the width of the bottom blade of the cutting groove 71 is smaller than the radius of the wire.
The thread blocking device is a thread blocking plate 10, and the thread blocking plate 10 is fixed in the machine body; the upper end of the wire baffle plate 10 is connected with the feed inlet 4, and the lower end of the wire baffle plate is parallel to the wire arranging roller 6; the lower end of the wire baffle plate 10 is provided with a row of wire pressing grooves 101 which enable the wire arranging hooks 7 to hook the wires.
Two rows of teeth with blades which are overlapped up and down are arranged at the lower end of the line baffle plate 10, and a line pressing groove 101 is formed by the gaps between the teeth; the lower row of teeth and the thread stop plate 10 are fixedly connected to form a fixed knife 103, the upper row of teeth overlapped on the fixed knife 103 form a movable knife 104, and the fixed knife 103 and the movable knife 104 form a thread breaking knife 102; the movable knife 104 reciprocates to break the wire once before the wire cutting tool 102 rotates to the wire pressing groove 101 after the wire trimming hook 7 rotates; and (5) circulating and reciprocating.
As a further technical modification, a roller shaft 92 of the core-pulling wheel 91 is connected with a pressure controller in an elastic telescopic manner; a brake device for increasing the rotation resistance of the core pulling wheel 91 is arranged on the core pulling wheel 91 or the roller shaft 92; the core pulling wheel 91 is folded and unfolded through the pressure controller, when the wire arranging hook 7 hooks the waste electric wire and pulls the waste electric wire backwards to a certain length, the core pulling wheel 91 is unfolded through the pressure controller, and the core pulling wheel 91 and the wire pulling coil 8 are mutually attached, pressed and grabbed on the wire pulling coil 8.
As a further technical correction, the core pulling wheel 91 and the core pulling coil 8 are mutually attached; the core pulling roller 9 is connected with the motor 3, so that the core pulling wheel 91 drives the core pulling coil 8 and the wire arranging roller 6 to rotate in the same direction; the rotation speed of the wire drawing coil 8 driven by the core drawing wheel 91 is slower than that of the wire arranging roller 6; the wire pressing groove 101 presses the wire into the wire drawing ring 8, when the wire arranging hook 7 hooks the waste wire and pulls the waste wire backwards to a certain length, when the core pulling wheel 91 drives the wire drawing ring 8 and the wire arranging roller 6 to rotate in the same direction, the wire pressed into the wire drawing ring 8 is automatically rolled into the space between the core pulling wheel 91 and the wire drawing ring 8 to realize wire pressing and grabbing.
As a further technical modification, the circumferential surface of the coil drawing ring 8 is radially recessed in an arc shape; the outer circumferential surface of the core pulling wheel 91 is radially provided with a circular arc-shaped bulge matched with the concave of the core pulling coil 8; the protrusion of the core pulling wheel 91 is attached to the groove of the core pulling coil 8 in an elastic and telescopic manner.
As a further technical modification, a thread breaking blade 83 is arranged in the groove of the drawing coil 8.
As a further technical correction, the drawing coil 8 is an electrothermal gilding metal coil; the binding surface of the loose core wheel 91 and the loose core coil 8 is a rubber layer.
As a further technical correction, the thread blocking plate 10 is an electric heating thread blocking plate.
The technical scheme of the invention solves the main technical problems that: firstly, how to loose the core of the electric wire on the wire arranging hook; the method specifically comprises the following steps: 1 how to grasp the wire core at one end; 2 how to hold the wire sheath at the other end; 3 is how to generate opposite pulling force between one end of the metal core of the wire and one end of the sheath of the wire; and secondly, automatically separating the metal core separated by the core pulling and the wire sheath into different containers. And thirdly, how to perform full-automatic circularly reciprocating core pulling and disassembling of the waste electric wire.
The mechanical working principle of the technical scheme is as follows: the waste electric wires which are disordered are placed into the feeding hole, the waste electric wires in the machine body 1 are dragged and turned through rotation of the wire arranging roller, the wire arranging roller rotates to drive the wire arranging hook 7 on the wire arranging roller 6 to hook the waste electric wires to rotate backwards, the wire arranging hook 7 is provided with the beak-shaped wire cutting groove 71, the wire cutting groove 71 is of an L-shaped structure, the width of a gap between cutting edges of the wire cutting groove 71 is smaller than or equal to the diameter of a metal core of the electric wires, the wire skin on the radial circumference of the hook cutter part is cut by the hook cutting edge of the wire arranging hook 7 and the groove cutting edge of the wire cutting groove 71, and the hooking part of the wire arranging hook 7 is made to be the metal core of the electric wires at the moment. If the wire arranging hook 7 hooks the waste electric wires and pulls the waste electric wires backwards to reach a certain length, the wire pressing groove 101 arranged on the wire blocking device presses the electric wires downwards, and the waste electric wires are pressed into the wire pulling ring 8 of the core pulling mechanism; meanwhile, a wire breaking cutter 102 on the wire blocking device cuts off the rear electric wire positioned on the wire blocking device; the wire arranging hook 7 continues to pull the wire to rotate forwards, the core pulling wheel 91 and the wire drawing ring 8 are elastically attached in a telescopic way, and the arc-shaped bulge of the core pulling wheel 91 is matched with the radian of the semicircular groove of the wire drawing ring 8; the wire drawing ring 8 is movably sleeved on the outer circumferences of the wire arranging rollers 6 at the left side and the right side of the wire arranging hook 7, and the core drawing wheel 91 rotates in the opposite direction to drive the wire drawing ring 8 to rotate in the opposite direction of the core drawing wheel 91; the wire drawing ring 8 and the wire arranging roller rotate in the same direction, and the wire drawing ring 8 is driven to rotate forwards at a speed slower than that of the wire arranging roller 6 due to the opposite rotation of the core drawing wheel 91, so that opposite pulling force is generated between the wire sheath pressed by the core drawing wheel 91 in the wire drawing ring 8 and the wire core on the wire arranging hook 7 which rotates forwards, and when the pulling force reaches a certain degree, the wire core can be pulled out of the wire sheath.
After the electric wire core is pulled out from the electric wire sheath, the core pulling wheel 91 drives the core pulling coil 8 to continue rotating, the electric wire sheath can be automatically rotated out, and the process is repeated in cycles, and the core pulling roller 9 and the wire arranging roller 6 are driven to rotate and then are driven to reciprocate in a circulating mode.
Before the core pulling process, the electric wire can be heated, so that the core pulling effect is better; therefore, the wire arranging roller 6 preferably uses an electric heating roller or an electric heating coil 8 and an electric heating coil 8. Or the thread stop plate 10 is provided as an electrically heated thread stop plate 10.
In the core pulling process, a wire breaking blade 83 is arranged in the groove part of the drawing coil 8; if the electric wire on the core pulling coil 8 slides, the electric wire sheath is split at the bottom by the wire breaking blade 83, so that the friction resistance between the electric wire core and the electric wire sheath in the core pulling process is reduced, and the core pulling separation of the electric wire is facilitated.
According to the technical scheme, the automation degree of the equipment is increased, the working procedure is simplified, particularly the wire feeding setting and the cutting setting in the prior technical scheme are omitted, the structure of the equipment is simplified accurately, and the performance is more stable; the device for disassembling the waste electric wires and cables realizes the automatic separation of the disassembled electric wire skin and the electric wire metal core with high efficiency, automatically enters the corresponding container, thoroughly solves the technical problem that the final link in the electric wire disassembling production needs manual assistance for separation, really realizes the integrated automation of all processes of the waste electric wire disassembling production, improves the working efficiency, saves the labor cost, is environment-friendly and energy-saving, has simple structure, is easy to manufacture, has stable performance, and can efficiently and quickly clean the waste electric wires and cables.
The technical scheme for automatically pulling and disassembling the recycled electric wire never exists in the field, so that the invention creates a pioneer in the technical field of electric wire recycling and disassembling; the unexpected technical effect is realized.
What has been described above is merely a preferred embodiment of this patent. It should be noted that variations and modifications could be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the principles of this patent, which should also be considered to fall within the ambit of protection Bamboo mold of this patent.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a device of loosing core of equipment is disassembled in electric wire recycle which characterized in that: comprises a wire arranging roller (6), at least one wire arranging hook (7) is arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the wire arranging roller (6); a hook blade is arranged on the wire arranging hook (7); the wire arranging roller (6) is connected with the speed regulating motor (3); the wire drawing mechanism is characterized by further comprising a wire drawing ring (8) and a core drawing roller (9), wherein the wire drawing ring (8) is movably sleeved on the wire arranging rollers (6) on the left side and the right side of the wire arranging hook (7); the core drawing roller (9) comprises a core drawing wheel (91) and a roller shaft (92); the core-pulling wheel (91) is elastically and telescopically arranged in the machine body (1) through a roll shaft (92); the wire drawing ring (8) is movably sleeved on the wire arranging rollers (6) at the left side and the right side of the wire arranging hook (7); the core pulling wheel (91) on the core pulling roller (9) and the core pulling coil (8) on the wire arranging roller (6) are correspondingly installed in a matched mode, and a gap for enabling the wire arranging hook (7) to hook the wire to pass through is formed between the core pulling wheel (91); the wire drawing device is characterized by further comprising a wire blocking device, wherein a wire pressing groove (101) and a wire breaking cutter (102) are arranged on the wire blocking device, and the circumferential surface of the wire drawing ring (8) is radially recessed into a circular arc shape; the outer circumferential surface of the core pulling wheel (91) is radially provided with arc-shaped bulges which are matched with the concave of the core pulling coil (8); the protrusion of the core pulling wheel (91) is attached to the groove of the core pulling coil (8) in an elastic and telescopic manner, a beak-shaped skin cutting groove (71) is arranged on the wire arranging hook (7), the skin cutting groove (71) is of an L-shaped structure, and the two side groove edges of the skin cutting groove (71) are knife grooves with edges; the width of the bottom blade of the cutting groove (71) is smaller than the radius of the wire.
2. The core pulling device of the electric wire recycling and disassembling equipment according to claim 1, characterized in that: a roller shaft (92) of the core pulling wheel (91) is connected with a pressure controller in an elastic telescopic way; a brake device for increasing the rotation resistance of the core drawing wheel (91) is arranged on the core drawing wheel (91) or the roller shaft (92); core wheel (91) receive, put through pressure controller, hook waste wire when pulling a certain length backward when reason line hook (7), make through pressure controller core wheel (91) put down, make core wheel (91) and coil of draw (8) laminate each other and press and grab the electric wire on coil of draw (8).
3. The core pulling device of the electric wire recycling and disassembling equipment according to claim 1, characterized in that: the core pulling wheel (91) is mutually attached to the coil pulling coil (8); the core pulling roller (9) is connected with the speed regulating motor (3) to enable the core pulling wheel (91) to drive the core pulling coil (8) and the wire arranging roller (6) to rotate in the same direction; the core pulling wheel (91) drives the core pulling coil (8) to rotate at a speed slower than that of the wire arranging roller (6); the wire pressing groove (101) presses the wire into the wire drawing coil (8), when the wire arranging hook (7) hooks the waste wire and pulls the waste wire backwards to a certain length, when the wire drawing coil (8) and the wire arranging roller (6) are driven by the wire drawing wheel (91) to rotate in the same direction, the wire pressed into the wire drawing coil (8) is automatically rolled into the space between the wire drawing wheel (91) and the wire drawing coil (8) to realize wire pressing and grabbing.
4. The core pulling device of the electric wire recycling and disassembling equipment according to claim 1, characterized in that: and a wire breaking blade (83) is arranged in the groove of the wire drawing ring (8).
5. The core pulling device of the electric wire recycling and disassembling equipment according to claim 1, characterized in that: the coil drawing ring (8) is an electric heating gilding metal ring; the binding surface of the core drawing wheel (91) and the drawing coil (8) is a rubber layer.
6. The core pulling device of the electric wire recycling and disassembling equipment according to claim 1, characterized in that: the thread blocking device is a thread blocking plate (10), and the thread blocking plate (10) is fixed in the machine body; the upper end of the wire baffle plate (10) is connected with the feeding port (4), and the lower end of the wire baffle plate is parallel to the wire arranging roller (6); the lower end of the wire baffle plate (10) is provided with a row of wire pressing grooves (101) which enable the wire arranging hooks (7) to hook wires.
7. The core pulling device of the electric wire recycling and disassembling equipment according to claim 6, characterized in that: the wire baffle plate (10) is an electric heating wire baffle plate.
8. The core pulling device of the electric wire recycling and disassembling equipment according to claim 6, characterized in that the lower end of the wire baffle (10) is provided with two rows of teeth with blades which are overlapped up and down, and the gap between the teeth and the teeth forms a wire pressing groove (101); the lower row of overlapped teeth with the blades and the thread blocking plate (10) are fixedly connected to form a fixed cutter (103), the upper row of teeth overlapped on the fixed cutter (103) form a movable cutter (104), and the fixed cutter (103) and the movable cutter (104) form a thread breaking cutter (102); the movable knife (104) reciprocates to break the wire once before the wire cutting tool (102) rotates to the wire pressing groove (101) when the wire trimming hook (7) rotates; and (5) circulating and reciprocating.
CN201711467170.0A 2017-12-28 2017-12-28 Core pulling device of wire recycling and disassembling equipment Active CN108172348B (en)

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CN111599540B (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-12-08 武义涵歌电子有限公司 Recovery processing device for waste electric wires and cables
CN112103076B (en) * 2020-09-27 2022-05-13 昆山联滔电子有限公司 Branching device for separating functional cable from electromagnetic induction coil

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CN2938485Y (en) * 2006-06-07 2007-08-22 张振丰 Wire stripping machine
CN202978134U (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-06-05 苏州市华安普电力工程有限公司 Cable stripping machine
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