The automatic electrical changing station of the pinpoint Vehicular accumulator cell of vehicle body
The present invention relates to cell manufacturing techniques field, more particularly to a kind of pinpoint Vehicular accumulator cell of vehicle body is moved certainly
Electric vehicle is received significant attention as the new-energy automobile of environment-friendly type.The power of electric vehicle comes from vehicle mounted electric
Pond.In order to save the residence time of charging, some electric vehicles use dismountable Vehicular accumulator cell.That is, electric vehicle
I.e. by when out of power in electrical changing station by under the old storage battery removing of not enough power supply, then change new accumulator at full charge, do not have
The accumulator of electricity in electrical changing station is charged and then is supplied the use of other electric vehicles.So, each electric vehicle is extensive
Telegram in reply power only needs to spend the time for replacing accumulator, without the stand-by period of charging, facilitates driver naturally.
The accumulator of electric vehicle is typically to be fixed on by multiple screws on automobile chassis, and accumulator is heavier, often
There are 10 screws to be fixed.Because there are many fixed point, before the turn of the screw, electric vehicle and Vehicular accumulator cell
It positions particularly important.When electric vehicle holds electrical changing station stop place and replace accumulator when absolute position normally can all have very
Big deviation, will be first into the accurate adjusting of row position.Electric vehicle volume is heavy greatly, so specific practice is to a certain
Front-wheel and a certain trailing wheel exert a force respectively, realize the adjustment of headstock direction and lateral position, and the battery compartment of electric vehicle is made to reach just
True position.In order to adapt to various errors, the detent mechanism of wheel would generally be independent four, with each wheel of correspondence, but this
Kind structure control precision is undesirable.
Therefore, it is necessary to a kind of new-type electrical changing station is developed to improve the positioning accuracy of vehicle body.
The content of the invention
It is a primary object of the present invention to provide a kind of pinpoint Vehicular accumulator cell of vehicle body automatic electrical changing station.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions above-mentioned purpose：A kind of pinpoint Vehicular accumulator cell of vehicle body is moved certainly
Power station adds unlocking mechanism including bus location hoisting mechanism and battery；The bus location hoisting mechanism includes being used for holding in the palm holding electricity
The support platform of electrical automobile, four lifting assemblies positioned at support platform corner, two front-wheels arranged on support platform forepart are determined
Hyte part, two vehicle body positioning groups arranged on two trailing wheels components at support platform rear portion and among support platform
Part, a vehicle body positioning component are located between two front wheel alignment components, another vehicle body positioning component, which is located at two front-wheels, to be determined
Between hyte part；The support platform is equipped with and crosses electric vehicle into two parallel slides of outgoing direction, and battery adds unlock
Mechanism is moved along slide；The vehicle body positioning component includes the stent being arranged in support platform, is fixed among stent and determines
Position motor and two locating pieces arranged on stent both sides, stent is equipped with two groups of guide rails for being used for limiting locating piece movement, fixed
Position motor drives two locating pieces synchronously to be moved along respective guide rail simultaneously.
Specifically, be all provided on the outside of each front wheel alignment component and each trailing wheels component there are one guide bracket,
The guide bracket is sector.
Specifically, the front wheel alignment component includes several front wheel alignment rollers for being used for facilitating front-wheel lateral sliding；It is described
Trailing wheels component includes being used for several trailing wheels rollers for facilitating trailing wheel lateral sliding.
Further, the front wheel alignment component further includes the sagging V-type frame in middle part, and the front wheel alignment roller is articulated in V
In type frame.
Specifically, the support platform is equipped with the backplate for being used for protecting vehicle body positioning component.
Using above-mentioned technical proposal, the advantageous effect of technical solution of the present invention is：
1st, two locating piece relative positions of same vehicle body positioning component are constant in the present invention, and synchronism is fine,
Control accuracy is high；And reduce number of motors, save equipment cost.
2nd, guide bracket is conducive in initial alignment, the wheel of electric vehicle can just fall on exactly front wheel alignment component or after
It takes turns above positioning component, it is ensured that being accurately positioned can be smoothed out.
3rd, it is rotatable that front wheel alignment roller and trailing wheels roller, which make wheel park basis, and frictional force is low, so can be convenient
Vehicle body positioning component is accurately positioned electric vehicle.
4th, V-type frame can be used for limiting the front and back position of front-wheel among vehicle body position fixing process.
5th, backplate can prevent the driving part that electric vehicle is rolled by when opening support platform on vehicle body positioning component, keep away
Exempt from vehicle body positioning component damage failure.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the stereogram of the automatic electrical changing station of embodiment Vehicular accumulator cell；
Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing of location A in Fig. 1；
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing of B location in Fig. 1；
Fig. 4 is the stereogram of embodiment vehicle body positioning component；
Fig. 5 is the stereogram that embodiment battery adds unlocking mechanism；
Fig. 6 is the stereogram for illustrating to jack realization principle；
Fig. 7 is the stereogram for illustrating floating realization principle；
Fig. 8 is assembling stereogram of the embodiment positioning component with adding solution lock set；
Fig. 9 is the stereogram that embodiment adds solution lock set.
Digital representation in figure：
1- bus location hoisting mechanisms,
11- support platforms,
113- guide brackets,
12- lifting assemblies,
121- lift arms,
13- front wheel alignment components,
131-V type frame,
132- front wheel alignment rollers,
14- trailing wheels components,
141- trailing wheels rollers；
15a- vehicle body positioning components,
15b- vehicle body positioning components,
1511- guide rails,
152- positioning motors,
153- locating pieces；
2- batteries add unlocking mechanism,
21- jacks component,
211- slide units,
2111- block bodies,
2112- guide sleeves,
212- driving motors,
2131- jacking wheels,
214- lifting platforms,
2141- jacks skewback,
2142- guide rods,
22- rolling assemblies,
221- conveying cylinders,
23- positioning components,
231- floating brackets,
232- positioning pins,
233- vehicle body inductors,
24- adds solution lock set,
241- adds unlocking motor,
2421- waist-shaped holes,
243- screwdriver bits,
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to specific embodiment.
As shown in Figures 1 to 9, the automatic electrical changing station of a kind of Vehicular accumulator cell of the invention, including bus location hoisting mechanism 1
With battery plus unlocking mechanism 2；Bus location hoisting mechanism 1 includes being used for holding in the palm holding the support platform 11 of electric vehicle, positioned at support
Four lifting assemblies 12 of 11 4 jiaos of platform are put down arranged on two front wheel alignment components 13 of 11 forepart of support platform, arranged on support
Two trailing wheels components 14 at 11 rear portion of platform and two vehicle bodies positioning component 15a, 15b among support platform 11,
One vehicle body positioning component 15a is located between two front wheel alignment components 13, before another vehicle body positioning component 15b is located at two
Between wheel positioning component 14；Support platform 11 is equipped with two parallel slides 111 for crossing electric vehicle into outgoing direction, battery
Unlocking mechanism 2 is added to be moved along slide 111；Battery adds unlocking mechanism 2 to include jacking component 21, determine on jacking component 21
Hyte part 23 and the multiple plus solution lock set 24 on positioning component 23；Positioning component 23 includes at least two positioning pins 232；
Solution lock set 24 is added to include adding unlocking motor 241 and by the screwdriver bit 243 that unlocking motor 241 is added to drive.At the beginning of battery adds unlocking mechanism 2
Begin to be located at 111 inside of slide, electric vehicle opens upper support platform 11 from entrance, and the wheel of automobile is absorbed in two front wheel alignments respectively
In component 13 and two trailing wheels components 14, the initial alignment of electric vehicle is completed；Then, front and rear vehicle body positioning component 15a,
15b exerts a force from the inside of wheel, and headstock direction is automatically performed under the cooperation of front wheel alignment component 13 and trailing wheels component 14
With being accurately positioned for absolute position, four lifting assemblies 12 allow the vehicle body of electric vehicle to rise, and then battery adds 2 edge of unlocking mechanism
The lower section that slide 111 is moved to old Vehicular accumulator cell；Then four lifting assemblies 12 allow the vehicle body of electric vehicle to decline, positioning
Component 23 is matched by positioning pin 232 with the location hole on Vehicular accumulator cell, the screwdriver bit 243 on so each plus solution lock set 24
It also can be to the corresponding fixed screw on Vehicular accumulator cell；At this time plus unlocking motor 241 drives screwdriver bit 243 by all fixed spiral shells
Silk unscrews, and then four lifting assemblies 12 allow the vehicle body of electric vehicle to rise, and such Vehicular accumulator cell just can be from electric vehicle
Chassis removes；Then the battery for carrying old Vehicular accumulator cell adds unlocking mechanism 2 to remove support platform 11 along slide 111, in cunning
Complete the replacement of new and old Vehicular accumulator cell in 111 outside of rail；Then battery adds unlocking mechanism 2 to move upper support platform along slide 111
11, make new Vehicular accumulator cell in place；Then electric vehicle declines chimeric with new Vehicular accumulator cell, adds solution lock set 24 again will be fixed
Screw tightening；After completing assembling, vehicle body location hole is exited in the decline of positioning component 23, and then battery adds unlocking mechanism 2 along slide
111 are moved to battery swap position, and then four lifting assemblies 12 allow the vehicle body of electric vehicle to drop in support platform 11, change electricity
The electric vehicle finished is left on electrical changing station and recharges with regard to that can output support platform 11, old Vehicular accumulator cell.The present invention can be with
Battery is manually changed in substitution completely, and work efficiency is high, saves driver's stand-by period.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, each lifting assembly 12 includes a lift arm 121, and four lift arms 121 act solely
It is vertical.Lifting assembly 12 promotes the vehicle body of electric vehicle by lift arm 121, independent dynamic after vehicle body departs from support platform 11
The lift arm 121 of work can adjust the 3 d pose of electric vehicle, ensure that Vehicular accumulator cell can normally be sent into the battery compartment on chassis
It is interior.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, there are one the outside of each front wheel alignment component 13 and each trailing wheels component 14 is all provided with
Guide bracket 113, guide bracket 113 are sector.A pair of of guide bracket 113 of forepart and a pair of of guide bracket 113 at rear portion all form loudspeaker
Mouth-shaped, no matter opening upper support platform 11 from that one side, lateral wheel can be all restricted electric vehicle, so initially fixed
In position, the wheel of electric vehicle can just fall on 14 top of front wheel alignment component 13 or trailing wheels component exactly, it is ensured that accurate
Positioning can be smoothed out.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, front wheel alignment component 13 includes several front wheel alignment rollers for being used for facilitating front-wheel lateral sliding
132；Trailing wheels component 14 includes being used for several trailing wheels rollers 141 for facilitating trailing wheel lateral sliding.132 He of front wheel alignment roller
It is rotatable that trailing wheels roller 141, which makes wheel park basis, and frictional force is low, so can facilitate vehicle body positioning component 15a, 15b
Electric vehicle is accurately positioned.
As shown in Figure 1, front wheel alignment component 13 further includes the sagging V-type frame 131 in middle part, front wheel alignment roller 132 is articulated in V
In type frame 131.Because wheel always has downward trend under the effect of gravity, V-type frame 131 can be used for limiting vehicle body position fixing process
The front and back position of front-wheel in the middle.
As shown in figure 4, vehicle body positioning component 15a, 15b include the stent 151 being arranged in support platform 11, are fixed on stent
Positioning motor 152 and two locating pieces 153 arranged on 151 both sides of stent, stent 151 among 151 are used for equipped with two groups
The guide rail 1511 that locating piece 153 moves is limited, positioning motor 152 drives two locating pieces 153 synchronously along respective simultaneously
Guide rail 1511 moves.In work, two locating pieces 153 of the vehicle body positioning component 15a of forepart can be against the inside of two front-wheels,
Two locating pieces 153 of the vehicle body positioning component 15b at rear portion can be against the inside of two trailing wheels, pass through the dynamic of positioning motor 152
Make, the headstock direction and side position of electric vehicle can be just adjusted together.Two positioning of same vehicle body positioning component
153 relative position of block is constant, and synchronism is fine, and control accuracy is high；And reduce number of motors, save equipment into
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, support platform 11 is equipped with the backplate 114 for being used for protecting vehicle body positioning component 15a, 15b.
Backplate 114 can prevent the driving part that electric vehicle is rolled by when opening support platform 11 on vehicle body positioning component 15a, 15b,
Vehicle body positioning component 15a, 15b is avoided to damage failure.
As shown in Figure 1, support platform 11, which is equipped with, crosses electric vehicle into the rack 112 of outgoing direction, battery adds solution lock machine
The bottom of structure 2 is equipped with gear assembly (not marking), and gear assembly makes battery that unlocking mechanism 2 be added to be slided along slide 111 using rack 112
It is dynamic.The structure realizes that battery adds the translation of unlocking mechanism 2 using gear engagement type of drive, and translational speed is more steady, does not allow
Easily cause the Vehicular accumulator cell collision dislocation that battery adds unlocking mechanism 2 to carry, it is ensured that Vehicular accumulator cell and electric automobile chassis
As shown in figure 5, battery adds unlocking mechanism 2 to further include the rolling assembly 22 that can be lifted, rolling assembly 22 is by array
Multigroup conveying cylinder 221 of arrangement is formed, and positioning component 23 is equipped with keeps away a hole (not marking) for what rolling assembly 22 passed through.When fixed
When hyte part 23 declines, Vehicular accumulator cell can be added 2 top of unlocking mechanism by rolling assembly 22 into and out battery.Such as
This setting structure is compact, and further improves the automatization level of electrical changing station.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, jacking component 21 includes the slide unit 211 of cooperation slide 111, the sleeping drive on slide unit 211
Dynamic motor 212, the bogie 213 for connecting 212 main shaft of driving motor and the lifting platform 214 for stationary positioned component 23 are sliding
Platform 211 is equipped with several guide sleeves 2112, and the lower section of lifting platform 214 is additionally provided with several guide rods 2142 being used for through guide sleeve 2112,
It is respectively provided with a jacking skewback 2141 on the corner of 214 lower surface of lifting platform, there are four be respectively cooperating with jacking for pivot joint on bogie 213
The jacking wheel 2131 of skewback 2141.Guide sleeve 2112 limits lifting platform 214 and can only move up and down, and jacking skewback 2141 is similary only
Energy elevating movement, driving motor 212 make all jacking wheels 2131 be translated toward same direction, and 2131 jackings contacted are taken turns with jacking
Skewback 2141 can just lift, and then realize that positioning component 23 lifts.It is sliding to jack between skewback 2141 and jacking wheel 2131
Dynamic friction, action is smooth, and the mode of this 4 points of drivings also makes positioning component 23 lift more steadily, can improve assembling essence
As shown in figure 5,211 upper surface of slide unit is being equipped with block body 2111 close to 1 one side of bus location hoisting mechanism.It is utilizing
During rolling assembly 22 moves into Vehicular accumulator cell, block body 2111 can prop up the inside of vehicular electricity storage device, ensure positioning pin
232 play positioning action.It can prevent that positioning pin 232 is lateral during battery plus unlocking mechanism 2 are moved toward support platform 11
Stress and deform, cause the positioning of vehicular electricity storage device more and more inaccurate.
As shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, positioning component 23 includes floating bracket 231, and positioning pin 232 is arranged on the upper of floating bracket 231
Side, floating bracket 231 hang on 214 lower section of lifting platform by four chains 215.Chain 215 makes positioning component 23 be that can float
, when Vehicular accumulator cell loads onto electric automobile chassis, the actual conditions that Vehicular accumulator cell position can adapt to chassis carry out
Automatic fine tuning avoids chimeric failure.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 8, floating bracket 231 is equipped with vehicle body inductor 233.Vehicle body inductor 233 can characterize vehicle
Whether electric vehicle is in correct position when load accumulator is in place.
As shown in figure 9, plus solution lock set 24 further include be fixed on plus 241 main shaft of unlocking motor adapter 242, screwdriver bit
243 have shank (not marking), and adapter 242 includes the containing cavities (not marking) for accommodating shank, the inner section of containing cavities
More than the section of shank, the both sides of shank are respectively provided with a lug 2431, and adapter 242 is equipped with two waist-shaped holes opened up vertically
2421, lug 2431 is accommodated in waist-shaped hole 2421 and makes screwdriver bit 243 that can not disengage adapter 242.Adapter 242, which is used as, to be added
Interface components between unlocking motor 241 and screwdriver bit 243 play the role of similar universal shaft.And containing cavities provide screwdriver bit
243 small-scale activity spaces, so each plus solution lock set 24 can adaption object fixed screw, in order to avoid automobile chassis or vehicle
The problem of carrying the foozle of accumulator mounting hole and causing each plus solution lock set 24 that can not synchronously add unlock.
Above-described is only some embodiments of the present invention.For those of ordinary skill in the art, not
On the premise of departing from the invention design, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to the protection model of the present invention