Utility model content
In order to solve above mentioned problem of the prior art, be the existing electric automobile of solution change level platform civil engineering structure answer
It is miscellaneous, the deployment engineering time is more long, need to set up single drainage measure, cannot move and problem that input cost is high, this practicality
New to change level platform there is provided a kind of lifting type for electrical changing station, the lifting type changes level platform to be used for the electronic of current service
Vehicle hoisting is to object height, and the lifting type changes level platform including base and is arranged at the lifting device of the base, described
The free end of lifting device is connected with lifting platform, and the lifting device has power part, and the power part can drive described
Free end is vertically moved, so as to drive the lifting platform to be risen or fallen relative to base.
In the optimal technical scheme that above-mentioned lifting type changes level platform, multiple liftings are provided with the lifting platform
Device, the power part makes the free end of the multiple lifting device vertically synchronizing moving.
In the optimal technical scheme that above-mentioned lifting type changes level platform, the power part includes being arranged at the electricity of the base
Machine and power train, the motor are respectively connected with by the power train with the multiple lifting device.
In the optimal technical scheme that above-mentioned lifting type changes level platform, battery window is reserved with the lifting platform,
In the case of the electric automobile is lifted into object height, the electrokinetic cell being placed in battery changing trolley can be by the battery window
Mouth is performed to the electric automobile and changes electronic work.
In the optimal technical scheme that above-mentioned lifting type changes level platform, guide rail is provided with the base, it is described to change electric small
Car can be moved to the lower section of the battery window by the guide rail.
In the optimal technical scheme that above-mentioned lifting type changes level platform, positioner, institute are provided with the lifting platform
Positioner is stated for the electric automobile of current service to be positioned to target location on lifting platform.
In the optimal technical scheme that above-mentioned lifting type changes level platform, the positioner includes：First detent mechanism, its
For making the electric automobile for sailing the lifting platform into reach the target location in a first direction, and enable to described
Electric automobile is moved up in the second party vertical with first direction；And second detent mechanism, it is used to make the electronic vapour
Car reaches the target location in a second direction.
In the optimal technical scheme that above-mentioned lifting type changes level platform, first detent mechanism includes the first roller group,
The first roller group includes multiple first roller units of laid out in parallel in the first direction, and observes in a second direction, institute
State V-shaped arrangement between the sub- roller in the first roller unit.
In the optimal technical scheme that above-mentioned lifting type changes level platform, first detent mechanism also includes the second roller
Group, the second roller group includes multiple second roller units of laid out in parallel in the first direction, and observes in a second direction,
Arranged in I types between sub- roller in the second roller unit.
In the optimal technical scheme that above-mentioned lifting type changes level platform, the base is provided with ramp plate, the ramp plate energy
It is enough to be pivotally connected with least side outer rim of the base.
It will be appreciated to those of skill in the art that in optimal technical scheme of the present utility model, by flat in lifting
Lifting device is set between platform and base so that when electric automobile changes electricity, can be by lifting device by itself and lifting platform one
Rise and give rise to certain height, and then can allow for battery changing trolley and into its next just complete to change electric operation.Specifically, in lifting
Multiple lifting devices are set between platform and base, multiple lifting devices are driven through power train by the motor being arranged on base
With same speed raising and lowering.Further, lifting platform is provided with the ramp plate that power supply electrical automobile is sailed into, rolled away from, and
The ramp plate can be rotated freely around it with the junction of lifting platform, and when electricity is changed without electric automobile, ramp plate can be dug, and be used
To reduce the floor space of equipment.
Further, when electric automobile sails lifting platform into, the positioning that the first roller group realizes fore-and-aft direction is first passed through, so
Being accurately positioned for left and right directions is realized by the second detent mechanism afterwards.The electrokinetic cell of the electric automobile after being accurately positioned can be with
The battery window being arranged on lifting platform is corresponding so that can pass through along the battery changing trolley that guide rail is sailed to battery beneath window
The battery window completes electric automobile and changes electronic work.
Therefore, lifting type of the present utility model changes level platform and does not need civil engineering, it is only necessary to will on smooth ground
Base is fixed with expansion bolt, you can complete deployed with devices, and because lifting type of the present utility model changes level platform energy
Enough batch production manufactures, standardization level is high, so its manufacture, installation and use cost are relatively low.
Preferred embodiment of the present utility model described with reference to the accompanying drawings.It should be understood by those skilled in the art that
It is that these implementation methods are used only for explaining know-why of the present utility model, it is not intended that limitation protection of the present utility model
Scope.For example, although be between each part in accompanying drawing by a certain percentage relation draw, but this proportionate relationship is non-one one-tenth
Constant, those skilled in the art can make adjustment to it as needed, to adapt to specific application scenario.
It is term " " center ", " on ", D score, "left", "right", " perpendicular it should be noted that in description of the present utility model
Directly ", the direction of instruction such as " level ", " interior ", " outward " or the term of position relationship are closed based on direction shown in the drawings or position
System, this is intended merely to facilitate description, must have specific orientation, Yi Te rather than instruction or hint described device or element
Fixed azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that to limitation of the present utility model.Additionally, term " first ", " second ",
" the 3rd " is only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying relative importance.
In addition it is also necessary to explanation, in description of the present utility model, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, art
Language " installation ", " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected, or be detachably connected, or
It is integrally connected；Can mechanically connect, or electrically connect；Can be joined directly together, it is also possible to by between intermediary
Connect connected, can be two connections of element internal.To those skilled in the art, can as the case may be understand above-mentioned
Concrete meaning of the term in the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, lifting type of the present utility model changes level platform and mainly includes：Base 1, lifting device 2, act
Rise platform 3 and power part (not shown).Wherein, base 1 is fixed on smooth ground by expansion bolt, or ability
Can be fixed on base 1 on smooth bottom surface using other modes as needed by field technique personnel, for example, will by cement
Base 1 is fixed on smooth bottom surface.The bottom of lifting device 2 is fixedly connected with base 1, and the free end of lifting device 2 is (hereafter
Will be described in more detail) it is fixedly connected with lifting platform 3.Power part is fixed on base 1, and is connected with lifting device 2, is moved
Power portion can order about lifting device 2 and drive lifting platform 3 and the electric automobile that rests on lifting platform 3 to rise or fall.
As shown in figure 1, base 1 is mainly welded by shaped steel, and it is provided with base 1 for battery changing trolley (in figure
Do not show) guide rail 11 of walking, the extending direction of guide rail 11 sails, rolls away from the direction of lifting platform 3 into perpendicular to electric automobile, or
Those skilled in the art as needed can also suitably be adjusted the direction and position of guide rail 11, for example, making guide rail 11
Bearing of trend sails, rolls away from the direction of lifting platform 3 into parallel to electric automobile.The side of base 1 is additionally provided with ramp plate 12, slope
It is pivotally connected between guidance tape 12 and base 1 so that ramp plate 12 can freely be rotated around it with the junction between base 1.Enter
One step, power part mainly includes the motor 13 and the power train that are connected with each other, and motor 13 and power train are fixedly mounted on bottom
On seat 1.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, in preferred embodiment of the present utility model, lifting type changes level platform includes four acts
Rise device 2.Each lifting device 2 includes the leading screw and feed screw nut (free end described previously) that matching is connected together, silk
The bottom of thick stick is connected together by power train with the output shaft of motor 13, and feed screw nut is connected with lifting platform 3 so that electricity
Machine 13 can drive four leading screws to be rotated with same speed by power train, and then the feed screw nut energy being connected with leading screw matching
Enough up and down motions that the rotary motion of leading screw is converted into feed screw nut and lifting platform 3.Lifting device 2 preferably also includes solid
Determine device, the fixing device is mainly used in being fixed leading screw in vertical direction.It will be appreciated to those of skill in the art that
In addition to using the lifting device 2 shown in accompanying drawing, lifting platform 3 can also be lifted by other kinds of lifting mechanism
Rise, as long as ensure that levelness of the lifting platform 3 in lifting process, for example, shearing type lifter.
As shown in figure 3, when lifting platform 3 drops to lowermost end, still still there is one section of height (such as 150mm between ground
~200mm), so, when electric automobile is sailed into, rolls lifting platform 3 away from, ramp plate 12 overturn and it is lower as lifting platform 3 with
Passage between ground, can guide electric automobile to sail into, roll lifting platform 3 away from.When electrical changing station does not change electric task, ramp
Plate 12 can overturn, so as to reduce the floor space of lifting platform 3.The upset of ramp plate 12 drives preferably by motor,
Or those skilled in the art can also drive ramp plate 12 to overturn using other type of drive according to specific needs, for example,
Operating personnel carry out manual overturning to ramp plate 12.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the first detent mechanism 32 and the second detent mechanism 33 are provided with lifting platform 3, wherein,
First detent mechanism 32 is for by electric automobile, (such as travel direction of vehicle) to be positioned to the target of lifting platform 3 in the first direction
Position (i.e. electric automobile in a first direction change electric position)；Second detent mechanism 33 then be used for by electric automobile along perpendicular to
(i.e. electric automobile is the to the target location of lifting platform 3 for second direction (such as width of the vehicle) positioning of first direction
Electric position is changed on two directions).First detent mechanism 32 includes the first roller group 321 and the second roller group 322.First roller group
321 main several the first roller units (two sub- rollers) including laid out in parallel in the first direction, and see in a second direction
Examine, it is V-shaped between sub- roller.Main several the second roller lists for including laid out in parallel in a second direction of second roller group 322
First (one or more sub- roller), and observe in the first direction, it is in I types between one or more sub- roller.Wherein,
One roller group 321 is used in a first direction be positioned the front-wheel of electric automobile, and then realizes electric automobile first
Positioned on direction to the purpose of target location on lifting platform 3.Second roller group 322 is then used to park the trailing wheel of electric automobile.
And roller group (321,322) allows wheel to move in a second direction.
With continued reference to Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, the second detent mechanism 33 is main including electric automobile front-wheel is carried out in a second direction
First centered positioning mechanism 331 of positioning and second it is centered about machine by what electric automobile trailing wheel was positioned in a second direction
Structure 332.Further, in the first centered positioning mechanism 331 and the second centered positioning mechanism 332 to the front wheels and rear wheels of electric automobile
When being positioned, the sub- roller of the first roller group 321 and the second roller group 322 can be with the shifting of the front wheels and rear wheels of electric automobile
Move and rotate.It will be appreciated to those of skill in the art that because there is groove so that electric automobile is in the first roller group 321
After the completion of two directions are accurately positioned, electric automobile can be automatically performed the accurate fixed of fore-and-aft direction in the presence of self gravitation
Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 is further regarded to, detent mechanism 332 is both provided with symmetrically in the first centered positioning mechanism 331 and second
The push rod 333 and tire stretched out in the center line of lifting platform 3 and left and right directions are clasped and grab 334.Wherein, push rod 333 is led to by motor
The secondary driving of rack pinion is crossed, for adjusting front-wheel, the trailing wheel of electric automobile in the position of second direction；Tire is clasped and grabbed
After 334 are used to complete to be accurately positioned in the front-wheel of electric automobile, trailing wheel second direction, respectively to the four wheels of electric automobile
Locked, prevent electric automobile position during lifting, changing electricity from changing and cause electric automobile can not with change
It is smoothed out changing electricity between electric dolly.It will be appreciated to those of skill in the art that push rod 333 can also be driven by others
Mode adjusts the position of electric automobile front and back wheel, for example, push rod 333 is by motor-driven leading screw, be configured with leading screw by
Its rotary motion is transformed into the sliding block of linear motion, by the front and back wheel of slipper push electric automobile.Further, tire is clasped and grabbed
334 quantity is not limited only to four, and in the case where ensureing to lock after electric automobile is accurately positioned, tire is clasped and grabs 334
Can also be one, two or three.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, a battery window 34 is additionally provided with lifting platform 3.The battery window is located at guide rail 11
Surface, when changing electricity so as to electric automobile, battery changing trolley can be transferred by the battery window 34 to electrokinetic cell, be entered
And realization changes electric operation to electric automobile.
Lifting type for electrical changing station of the present utility model change when level platform changes electric automobile electricity to change electric current journey specific
It is as follows：
First, ramp plate 12 is put down, electric automobile sails lifting platform 3 into and stops the front-wheel of electric automobile by it
Lean against in the first roller group 321, trailing wheel is rested in the second roller group 322.
Secondly, by the push rod 333 of detent mechanism 332 in the first centered positioning mechanism 331 and second respectively to electronic vapour
The front wheels and rear wheels of car are accurately positioned respectively, after the completion of positioning, are clasped by tire and are grabbed 334 pairs of the four of electric automobile wheels
Again, motor 13 drives four lifting devices 2 that lifting platform 3 is given rise into default height i.e. with same speed
Object height so that space below can be such that the battery changing trolley for being mounted with electrokinetic cell smoothly sails into, for example, lifting is flat
700mm is high for the lifting of platform 3.
From secondary, battery changing trolley sails the underface of the electrokinetic cell of weary electricity on electric automobile into along guide rail 11, by the dynamic of weary electricity
The unblock of power battery is removed to be transported in electrical changing station and charged；Be transported to for the electrokinetic cell of full electricity in electrical changing station again by battery changing trolley
The underface of electric automobile, and the electrokinetic cell of full electricity is installed through battery window 34, is locked on electric automobile, battery changing trolley
Reset.Or battery changing trolley can also be set two electrokinetic cells and places position by those skilled in the art as needed, make its elder generation
The electrokinetic cell of full electricity is taken out from electrical changing station, and is transported to the lower section of lifting platform 3, weary electricity is then removed from electric automobile
Electrokinetic cell, and the electrokinetic cell of full electricity is installed on electric automobile.Change after the completion of electricity, battery changing trolley by it is weary electricity power electric
Pond band is back to electrical changing station and is charged.
Finally, motor 13 drives four lifting devices 2 that lifting platform 3 is dropped into original position with same speed,
Tire clasps the locking for grabbing 334 releasings to tire, and electric automobile sails out of lifting platform 3 by ramp plate 12, and ramp plate 12 is turned over
Turn to pack up.
Skilled addressee readily understands that, the lifting type for electrical changing station of the present utility model changes level platform and passes through
Lifting platform 3 and the electric automobile stopped thereon are given rise to certain altitude by lifting device 2, are then arranged on by battery changing trolley edge
Guide rail 11 on base 1 is travelled to the lower section of lifting platform 3, and the 34 pairs of electricity of battery window by being arranged on lifting platform 3
Electrical automobile carries out changing electricity.So, the lifting type for electrical changing station of the present utility model changes level platform and does not need civil engineering, only needs
Base 1 to be fixed with expansion bolt on smooth ground, you can complete deployed with devices, and whole lifting type changes electricity
Platform can be moved rapidly.
So far, combined preferred embodiment shown in the drawings describes the technical solution of the utility model, but, this
Art personnel are it is easily understood that protection domain of the present utility model is expressly not limited to these specific embodiments.
On the premise of principle of the present utility model, those skilled in the art can make equivalent change to correlation technique feature
Or replace, the technical scheme after these are changed or replace it is fallen within protection domain of the present utility model.