CN212765826U - Trade power station of convertible station direction - Google Patents

Trade power station of convertible station direction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212765826U
CN212765826U CN202021400951.5U CN202021400951U CN212765826U CN 212765826 U CN212765826 U CN 212765826U CN 202021400951 U CN202021400951 U CN 202021400951U CN 212765826 U CN212765826 U CN 212765826U
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China
Prior art keywords
station
bin
charging
changing
storage rack
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Active
Application number
CN202021400951.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王旭君
杨全凯
张帅
王成
陈狄松
吴雪珍
王志海
何玉旺
李�赫
张志强
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Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co Ltd
Zhejiang Jizhi New Energy Automobile Technology Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co Ltd
Zhejiang Jizhi New Energy Automobile Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co Ltd, Zhejiang Jizhi New Energy Automobile Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN202021400951.5U priority Critical patent/CN212765826U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations

Abstract

The utility model discloses a power exchanging station with the direction of a station changeable, which comprises a charging bin, a power exchanging bin and a control device; the charging bin is used for providing a battery to be charged and charging the battery; the power conversion bin is arranged close to the charging bin and is used for providing power conversion operation for the vehicle to be converted; the control device is electrically connected with the charging bin and the battery replacing bin, the battery replacing station is designed to be capable of changing stations, the adaptability of the battery replacing station to a capital construction environment is stronger, new products and parts do not need to be developed, the development cost of the battery replacing station is lower, the universality of the parts is improved, and the maintenance cost is reduced.

Description

Trade power station of convertible station direction
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a trade electric technical field, in particular to trade station of convertible station direction.
Background
With the popularization of electric vehicles, it has become a problem of great concern to rapidly and safely supplement energy sources for electric vehicles. At present, the mainstream solution is to charge the electric vehicle by using a charging pile, and to supplement power by a quick charging mode, which generally requires 1-2 hours of charging time, has a slow speed, and has a large influence on the service life of the battery due to long-time quick charging, and if the charging pile is used for slow charging, the time is consumed for 6-10 hours, and the waiting time is longer, which also becomes a difficulty in electric vehicle popularization.
Another research direction for fast energy supplement of electric vehicles is a power battery quick-change technology, namely a battery replacement station, which generally comprises two core parts, namely a battery replacement channel and a charging bin, and is composed of a vehicle guiding device, a vehicle battery replacement system, a battery transfer system, a battery charging system, an in-station cooling system, a whole station control and network system and the like. The power station that trades on the existing market uses fixed building or container formula structure as the main, and wherein container formula structure is again because of the capital construction input is few, and equipment integration degree is high, puts in reasons such as simple and possesses obvious advantage.
But the capital construction environment is comparatively complicated, and a trades power station structural style can receive the environmental constraint, has the condition that can't satisfy the condition, and conventional trades power station and builds station cycle length moreover, and is with high costs to the maintenance degree of difficulty of equipment is great.
A new power station changing form is needed to solve the problems in the prior art.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An above-mentioned problem to prior art, the utility model aims to provide a trade station of convertible station direction, should trade the station and can change the direction of trading the electric station, the adaptable different capital construction environment, the transformation of the direction of traveling when realizing trading the electricity.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a concrete technical scheme as follows:
the utility model provides a power exchanging station with the direction of a station changeable, which comprises a charging bin, a power exchanging bin and a control device;
the charging bin is used for storing and charging the battery;
the battery changing bin is arranged close to the charging bin and used for acquiring a battery changing battery in the charging bin, performing battery changing operation on a vehicle and transferring the battery changing battery changed from the vehicle to the charging bin;
the control devices are electrically connected with the charging bin and the battery replacing bin and are used for controlling the charging bin and the battery replacing bin to work.
Further, the charging bin comprises a first charging bin; the first charging bin is arranged on one side of the power change bin,
the first charging bin comprises a first stacker, a first storage rack, a second storage rack and a first cache rack;
the first stacker crane is fixed in the first charging bin, arranged on the track to move and used for taking and placing the battery replacement batteries on the first storage rack and the second storage rack;
the first storage rack and the second storage rack are symmetrically arranged, and the first storage rack and the second storage rack are used for storing and replacing the battery in a layered mode along the height direction;
the first buffer storage rack is arranged on one side of the first stacker crane and close to the power change bin.
Further, the first charging bin further comprises a first charger, a first water cooling machine and a first fire box;
the first charger is used for charging the battery replacement batteries on the first storage rack and the second storage rack.
Optionally, the charging bin further comprises a second charging bin, and the second charging bin is arranged on the other side of the power conversion bin;
the second charging bin comprises a second stacker, a third storage rack and a second cache rack;
the second stacker is fixed in the second charging bin and used for picking and placing the battery replacement batteries on the third storage rack;
the third storage racks are arranged along one side, close to the power change bin, of the second stacker and are used for storing and changing the batteries in a layered mode along the height direction;
the second buffer storage frame is arranged on one side of the second stacker and close to the power change bin, and the second buffer storage frame and the first buffer storage frame are arranged oppositely.
Furthermore, the second charging bin also comprises a second charger, a second fire box, first maintenance equipment and an accessory storage area;
and the second charger is used for charging the battery replacement on the third storage rack.
Optionally, the charging bin further comprises a storage bin, and the storage bin is provided with a second maintenance device and an accessory storage area.
Further, the battery replacing bin comprises a battery replacing platform, and two ends of the battery replacing platform are connected with an upper ramp and a lower ramp;
the battery replacement platform comprises a vehicle lifting platform and a floating platform; the vehicle lifting platforms are arranged on two sides of the floating platform;
and the battery replacing platform is also provided with a front wheel centering mechanism and a rear wheel centering mechanism for positioning the vehicle.
Optionally, the station-direction-changeable electricity exchanging station further comprises an adjusting device, and the adjusting device is used for adjusting the direction of the electricity exchanging cabin during assembly of the station-direction-changeable electricity exchanging station.
Adopt above-mentioned technical scheme, a trade power station and assembly method of convertible station direction have following beneficial effect:
1. a trade power station of convertible station direction, trade power station spare part can be general, need not redesign development spare part, reduce development cost, save later maintenance cost.
2. A trade power station of convertible station direction, can be so that trade the different capital construction environment of power station adaptation through adjusting device, the transformation of the direction of travel when realizing trading the electricity.
3. A trade power station of convertible station direction, will trade the electricity storehouse and charge the storehouse integration in the container to universalization sets up, can improve the basic station of trading of convertible station direction and build station efficiency, reduces the trade station cost of convertible station direction.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiment or the prior art will be briefly described below. It is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, and that for a person skilled in the art, other drawings can be derived from them without inventive effort.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a station-direction-changeable power exchanging station of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a charging chamber and a battery replacing chamber in embodiment 1 of the present specification;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a power change cabin in the embodiment of the present disclosure;
fig. 4 is a schematic diagram illustrating an effect of adjusting a direction of a battery changing bin of a battery changing station capable of changing a station direction in embodiment 1 of the present specification;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a power station changing structure capable of changing the direction of a station in embodiment 1 of the present specification;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a charging chamber and a battery changing chamber in embodiment 2 of the present specification;
fig. 7 is a schematic diagram illustrating an effect of adjusting a direction of a battery changing bin of a battery changing station capable of changing a station direction in embodiment 2 of the present specification;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a power station changing structure capable of changing the direction of a station in embodiment 2 of the present specification;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of an embodiment of an adjusting device;
fig. 10 is a flowchart illustrating an assembling method of a station swapping station capable of changing the direction of a station in an embodiment of the present disclosure.
In the figure: 1-charging bin, 2-changing bin, 3-adjusting device, 4-control device, 11-first charging bin, 12-second charging bin, 13-storage bin, 21-vehicle lifting platform, 22-uphill, 23-downhill, 24-floating platform, 25-front wheel centering mechanism, 26-rear wheel centering mechanism, 31-fixed component, 32-actuator, 111-first stacker, 112-first storage rack, 113-second storage rack, 114-first buffer rack, 115-first charger, 116-first water cooler, 117-first fire box, 121-second stacker, 122-third storage rack, 123-second buffer rack, 124-second charger, 125-second fire box, 126 first repair facility and accessories storage area, 131-second repair facility and accessories storage area.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like in the description and claims of the present invention and in the drawings described above are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order. It is to be understood that the data so used is interchangeable under appropriate circumstances such that the embodiments of the invention described herein are capable of operation in sequences other than those illustrated or otherwise described herein. Furthermore, the terms "comprises," "comprising," and "having," and any variations thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, apparatus, article, or device that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements expressly listed, but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or device.
Example 1
Along with the increase of the station building cost of the power station and the improvement of the requirements on the station building environment, the research on the power station is always in a more hot direction, and the embodiment of the specification provides the power station capable of changing the station direction, so that different station building environments can be used, and the station building cost can be reduced.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, the structural schematic diagram of the dual-chamber battery replacement station capable of changing the station direction in the embodiment of the present specification is shown, where the battery replacement station capable of changing the station direction includes a charging chamber 1, a battery replacement chamber 2, and a control device 4, where the charging chamber 1 is used to provide a battery to be replaced and charge the battery replacement; the battery changing bin 2 is arranged close to the charging bin 1 and used for acquiring a battery changing battery in the charging bin 1, performing battery changing operation on a vehicle and transferring the battery changing battery changed from the vehicle to the charging bin 1; the control devices 4 are electrically connected with the charging chamber 1 and the battery replacing chamber 2, and the charging chamber 1 and the battery replacing chamber 2 are connected by a dotted line in fig. 1, which can indicate that the battery replacing batteries are mainly exchanged between the charging chamber 1 and the battery replacing chamber 2.
As shown in fig. 1, the present embodiment further provides an adjusting device 3, where the adjusting device 3 is used for adjusting the direction of the power change cabin during assembly of the power change station capable of changing the station direction; the dotted connection between the electricity changing cabin 2 and the adjusting device 3 in fig. 1 can indicate that the adjusting device 3 drives the electricity changing cabin 2 to rotate, so as to change the station direction in the electricity changing cabin 2.
It can be understood that the vehicle to be replaced enters the battery replacing cabin 2 to realize the battery replacing operation, and the charging cabin 1 is used as a place for storing the battery to be replaced, and simultaneously charges the battery replaced from the vehicle to be replaced, and the above operations are controlled by the control device 4. Conventional trade power station is left station, when newly-built trade power station needs right station demand, current trade electricity storehouse hardly satisfies the demand, builds station efficiency in order to improve right station, can directly trade left station electricity storehouse and pass through adjusting device 3 adjustment direction, realizes trading the fast transformation of power station direction, specifically will trade 2 rotatory 180 in electricity storehouse, just can realize trading the transformation of power station, wherein trade the power station and indicate to be the driver direction.
In the embodiment of the present specification, the station direction changeable power exchanging station mainly comprises a plurality of containers, as shown in fig. 5, a double-bin station direction changeable power exchanging station is formed by arranging four containers a, b, c and d, the power exchanging bin 2 is arranged in the middle of the charging bin 1, wherein the containers a and b form a first charging bin 11, the container c forms a power exchanging bin 2, and the container d forms a second charging bin 12.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the charging bin 1 includes a first charging bin 11; the first charging bin 11 is arranged at one side of the power conversion bin 2, and the first charging bin 11 comprises a first stacker 111, a first storage rack 112, a second storage rack 113 and a first buffer rack 114; the first stacker 111 is fixed inside the first charging bin 11, arranged on a rail to move, and used for taking and placing the battery replacement batteries on the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113; the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113 are symmetrically arranged, and the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113 are used for storing and replacing the battery cells in a layered manner along the height direction; the first buffer rack 114 is arranged at one side of the first stacker 111 and is arranged close to the power conversion cabin 2.
It should be noted that the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113 are symmetrically disposed along the moving track of the first stacker 111, and the direction of replacing the battery in the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113 is also symmetrically disposed, so that the first stacker 111 can conveniently pick and place the replaced battery.
In this embodiment, the number of the first storage rack 112 and the number of the second storage rack 113 may be 2, and the first storage rack and the second storage rack are respectively arranged at two ends of the movement of the first stacker 111, and the first stacker 111 moves back and forth on a track, so as to realize the extraction and storage of the battery replacement batteries. The first buffer storage 114 is arranged near the power change bin 2, and can temporarily store the batteries to be changed and the batteries taken down from the vehicle, so that the first stacker 111 can move the batteries on the first buffer storage 114.
In order to charge the batteries in the charging bin 1, the first charging bin 11 may further include a first charger 115, the first charger 115 is connected to the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113, and is configured to charge the batteries to be charged on the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113, in addition, the first charging bin 11 may further include a first water cooler 116 and a second fire box 117, and the first water cooler 115 is configured to cool the battery on the first storage rack 112, so as to improve charging efficiency and charging safety. It should be noted that the first water cooling machine 115 can also cool down the battery cells in other positions in the charging bin 1, and it can be understood that the first water cooling machine 115 realizes full-coverage cooling of the battery cells by arranging a water cooling pipeline in the charging bin 1.
It should be noted that the control device 4 can also be disposed in the first charging chamber 11, and in other embodiments, the control device 4 can also be disposed at other positions, such as the second charging chamber 12 or a separate control room.
Correspondingly, the charging bin 1 further comprises a second charging bin 12, and the second charging bin 12 is arranged on the other side of the power conversion bin 2; the second charging bin 12 comprises a second stacker 121, a third storage rack 122 and a second buffer rack 123; the second stacker 121 is fixed inside the second charging bin 12 and is used for picking and placing the battery replacement batteries on the third storage rack 122; the plurality of third storage racks 122 are arranged along one side of the second stacker 121 close to the power change bin 2, and the third storage racks 122 are used for storing power change batteries; the second buffer shelf 123 is disposed at one side of the second stacker 121, and is disposed near the power change magazine 2, and the second buffer shelf 123 and the first buffer shelf 114 are disposed opposite to each other.
In this embodiment, two third storage racks 122 may be provided, and are disposed at two ends of the moving track of the second stacker 121, and the second stacker 121 moves back and forth on the track, so as to realize the extraction and storage of the battery replacement batteries, and it should be noted that an internal structure of the third storage rack 122 may be the same as that of the first storage rack 112. The second buffer frame 123 is disposed near the power change cabin 2, and can temporarily store the batteries to be changed and the batteries taken off from the vehicle, so that the second stacker 121 can move the batteries on the second buffer frame 123.
In order to charge the batteries in the charging bin 1, the second charging bin 12 may further include a second charger 124, where the second charger 124 is connected to the second storage rack 122 and is configured to charge the batteries to be charged on the second storage rack 122, and in addition, the second charging bin 12 may further include a second fire box 125.
In some other embodiments, in order to more accurately perform cooling treatment on the battery cells, temperature sensors may be further provided, and are configured to obtain temperatures of the battery cells on the first storage rack 112, the second storage rack 113, and the third storage rack 122 in real time, and when the temperature of the battery cells exceeds a preset temperature, the cooling treatment may be performed by controlling the first water cooler 115, so that the efficiency of operation of the water cooler may be improved, and excessive consumption of energy may be reduced.
Further, the first maintenance equipment and the accessory storage area 126 can be arranged in the second charging bin 12, and parts in the power conversion station are designed universally, so that the parts do not need to be redesigned during equipment maintenance, the development cost can be reduced, the equipment maintenance efficiency is improved, and the later maintenance cost is saved.
It should be noted that the second charging chamber 12 may also be configured in the same structure as the first charging chamber 11, so that a larger capacity and a faster charging efficiency can be achieved. In the specific station building process, the station building cost and the station building environment (station building area, traffic, etc.) need to be considered comprehensively, and the method is not limited herein.
In the embodiment of the present specification, as shown in fig. 5, a container c is used as a power exchanging channel capable of providing a power exchanging channel for the power exchanging bin 2, and each power exchanging mechanism system is integrated, and a power exchanging vehicle completes positioning, correction, lifting, battery replacement and battery transmission of a vehicle in the container c.
Specifically, the power change bin 2 comprises a power change platform, and two ends of the power change platform are connected with an upper ramp 22 and a lower ramp 23;
the battery replacement platform comprises a vehicle lifting platform 21 and a floating platform 24; the vehicle lifting platform 21 is arranged on two sides of the floating platform 24; and the battery replacement platform is also provided with a front wheel centering mechanism 25 and a rear wheel centering mechanism 26 for positioning the vehicle.
The vehicle lifting platform 21 corresponds to the first buffer storage rack 114 and the second buffer storage rack 123, so as to facilitate the operation of replacing the battery of the lifted vehicle, and the front wheel centering mechanism 25 may include two first roller assemblies respectively disposed on one side of the vehicle lifting platform 21; the rear wheel-centering mechanism 26 may include two second roller assemblies symmetrically disposed on the other side of the vehicle lifting platform 21.
In order to better adapt to different power exchange environments, as shown in fig. 9, the adjusting device 3 may be provided with a fixing component 31 and an executing mechanism 32, before assembly, when the station direction of the power exchange cabin 2 needs to be adjusted, the fixing component 31 is connected with the power exchange cabin 2, the executing mechanism 32 is connected with the fixing component 31 and is used for controlling the fixing component 31 to rotate so as to drive the power exchange cabin 2 to rotate, specifically, the fixing component 31 may directly fix the box body of the container c, and the executing mechanism 32 drives the box body of the container c to rotate, so as to obtain a predetermined rotation direction, such as rotation of 180 °.
As shown in fig. 4, which is an implementation schematic diagram of the power exchanging chamber in the embodiment of the present specification, an initial vehicle traveling direction of the power exchanging station is from right to left, and the power exchanging chamber 2 is rotated by 180 ° through the adjusting device 3, so that the vehicle traveling direction is from left to right, that is, the direction of the power exchanging mechanism is integrally changed, and the right station-left station interchange is realized, so that the station direction of the power exchanging station can be adjusted according to different power exchanging station building requirements, and the power exchanging station is adapted to different power exchanging environments.
In addition, the design of the adjusting device 3 is not limited to the above-mentioned structure, and any device capable of rotating the power conversion chamber 2 is within the scope of the technical solution claimed in the present application.
It should be noted that, when the direction of the power transfer bin 2 is changed, the positions of the first storage rack 112, the second storage rack 113, the first buffer rack 114, and the second buffer rack 123 in the first charging bin 11 and the second charging bin 12 need to be adjusted, for example, the power transfer batteries in the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113 are exchanged and borrowed, the direction of the power transfer batteries is adjusted, and the first buffer rack 114 and the second buffer rack 123 are exchanged and borrowed.
Through the design of the double-bin battery replacement station with the convertible stations, the battery replacement station has stronger adaptability to the infrastructure environment, new products and parts do not need to be developed, the development cost of the battery replacement station is lower, the universality of the parts is improved, and the maintenance cost is reduced.
Example 2
On the basis of the above embodiments, the station changing station capable of changing station directions provided by the embodiments of the present specification is a single-cabin station changing station capable of changing station directions
Specifically, the station direction-changeable power exchanging station has a charging bin 1 and a power exchanging bin 2 which are the same as those of the above-mentioned embodiments, in the embodiment of the present specification, the station direction-changeable power exchanging station mainly comprises a plurality of containers, as shown in fig. 8, a single-bin station direction-changeable power exchanging station is formed by arranging four containers a, b, c and d, the power exchanging bin 2 is arranged in the middle of the charging bin 1, wherein the containers a and b form a first charging bin 11, the container c forms a power exchanging bin 2, and the container d forms a storage bin 13.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 6 and 7, the charging bin 1 includes a first charging bin 11; the first charging bin 11 is arranged at one side of the power conversion bin 2, and the first charging bin 11 comprises a first stacker 111, a first storage rack 112, a second storage rack 113 and a first buffer rack 114; the first stacker 111 is fixed inside the first charging bin 11, arranged on a rail to move, and used for taking and placing the battery replacement batteries on the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113; the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113 are symmetrically arranged, and the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113 are used for storing and replacing the battery cells in a layered manner along the height direction; the first buffer rack 114 is arranged at one side of the first stacker 111 and is arranged close to the power conversion cabin 2.
It should be noted that the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113 are symmetrically disposed along the moving track of the first stacker 111, and the direction of replacing the battery in the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113 is also symmetrically disposed, so that the first stacker 111 can conveniently pick and place the replaced battery.
In this embodiment, the number of the first storage rack 112 and the number of the second storage rack 113 may be 2, and the first storage rack and the second storage rack are respectively arranged at two ends of the movement of the first stacker 111, and the first stacker 111 moves back and forth on a track, so as to realize the extraction and storage of the battery replacement batteries. The first buffer storage 114 is arranged near the power change bin 2, and can temporarily store the batteries to be changed and the batteries taken down from the vehicle, so that the first stacker 111 can move the batteries on the first buffer storage 114.
In order to charge the batteries in the charging bin 1, the first charging bin 11 may further include a first charger 115, the first charger 115 is connected to the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113, and is configured to charge the batteries to be charged on the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113, in addition, the first charging bin 11 may further include a first water cooler 116 and a second fire box 117, and the first water cooler 115 is configured to cool the battery on the first storage rack 112, so as to improve charging efficiency and charging safety. It should be noted that the first water cooling machine 115 can also cool down the battery cells in other positions in the charging bin 1, and it can be understood that the first water cooling machine 115 realizes full-coverage cooling of the battery cells by arranging a water cooling pipeline in the charging bin 1.
It should be noted that the control device 4 can also be disposed in the first charging chamber 11, and in other embodiments, the control device 4 can also be disposed at other positions, such as the second charging chamber 12 or a separate control room.
In the embodiment of the present specification, the charging bin 1 may further include a storage bin 13, the storage bin 13 is disposed on the other side of the power exchanging bin 2, wherein the storage bin 13 may be set as a second maintenance device and an accessory storage area 131, and parts of the power exchanging station capable of changing the station direction are designed in a general manner, so that the development of the parts is not required to be redesigned during device maintenance, the development cost can be reduced, the efficiency of device maintenance is improved, and the later maintenance cost is saved.
In some other embodiments, in order to more accurately perform cooling treatment on the battery cells, temperature sensors may be further provided, and are used to obtain temperatures of the battery cells on the first storage rack 112 and the second storage rack 113 in real time, and when the temperature of the battery cells exceeds a preset temperature, the first water cooler 115 may be controlled to perform cooling treatment, so that the operating efficiency of the water cooler may be improved, and excessive consumption of energy may be reduced.
In the embodiment of the present specification, as shown in fig. 8, a container c is used as a power switching channel capable of providing power switching channels for the power switching cabin 2, and each power switching mechanism system is integrated, and a power switching vehicle completes positioning, correction, lifting, battery replacement, and battery transfer of the vehicle in the container c.
Specifically, the power change bin 2 comprises a power change platform, and two ends of the power change platform are connected with an upper ramp 22 and a lower ramp 23; the battery replacement platform comprises a vehicle lifting platform 21 and a floating platform 24; the vehicle lifting platform 21 is arranged on two sides of the floating platform 24; and the battery replacement platform is also provided with a front wheel centering mechanism 25 and a rear wheel centering mechanism 26 for positioning the vehicle.
The vehicle lifting platform 21 and the first buffer storage rack 114 facilitate the operation of replacing the battery of the lifted vehicle, and the front wheel centering mechanism 25 may include two first roller assemblies respectively disposed on one side of the vehicle lifting platform 21; the rear wheel-centering mechanism 26 may include two second roller assemblies symmetrically disposed on the other side of the vehicle lifting platform 21.
In order to better adapt to different power exchange environments, as shown in fig. 9, the adjusting device 3 may be provided with a fixing component 31 and an executing mechanism 32, before assembly, when the direction of the station of the power exchange cabin 2 needs to be adjusted, the fixing component 31 is connected with the power exchange cabin 2, the executing mechanism 32 is connected with the fixing component 31 and is used for controlling the fixing component 31 to rotate so as to drive the power exchange cabin 2 to rotate, specifically, the fixing component 31 may directly fix the box body of the container c, and the executing mechanism 32 drives the box body of the container c to rotate, so that a predetermined rotation direction, such as rotation of 180 °, is obtained.
As shown in fig. 7, which is a schematic rotation diagram of the power exchanging chamber in the embodiment of the present specification, an initial vehicle traveling direction of the power exchanging station with a changeable station direction is from right to left, and the power exchanging chamber 2 is rotated by 180 ° through the adjusting device 3, so that the vehicle traveling direction is from left to right, that is, the direction of the power exchanging mechanism is integrally changed, and the right station-left station interchange is realized, so that the station direction of the power exchanging station can be changed according to different station building requirements, and the adaptability to different station building environments is improved.
In addition, the design of the adjusting device 3 is not limited to the above-mentioned structure, and any device capable of rotating the power conversion chamber 2 is within the scope of the technical solution claimed in the present application.
It should be noted that when the direction of the battery replacement bin 2 is changed, the first storage rack 112 in the first charging battery 11 needs to be adjusted, for example, the first storage rack 112 that is symmetrically arranged is used for exchanging, so as to adjust the direction of the battery replacement, and meanwhile, the first buffer rack 114 may be provided with a symmetric component, so as to change the direction of the battery replacement.
Through the design of the single-bin battery replacement station with the convertible stations, the battery replacement station has stronger adaptability to the infrastructure environment, new products and parts do not need to be developed, the development cost of the battery replacement station is lower, the universality of the parts is improved, and the maintenance cost is reduced.
On the basis of the station-direction-changeable power exchanging station provided in embodiments 1 and 2, an embodiment herein further provides an assembling method of a station-direction-changeable power exchanging station, as shown in fig. 10, the method includes the following steps:
s101: acquiring a charging bin and a battery changing bin which are designed by a preset station;
the preset station is information of the station of the initial power changing station, for example, the preset station is a left station, the vehicle enters the power changing bin from right to left, the designed charging bin and power changing bin are in container form, and a proper container is selected for design or assembly according to the characteristics of the single-bin power changing station or the double-bin power changing station.
It should be noted that the assembly of the charging bin and the battery replacing bin can be completed in a station base, that is, a station building factory, and a sufficient station building environment can be provided, so that the assembly efficiency can be improved, the batch assembly is facilitated, the assembly can also be performed in the station building place of the battery replacing station, the assembly can be performed according to the actual environment condition, the adaptability of the station building is improved, and the transportation cost of the whole assembled container is reduced.
S103: acquiring station information of a power station to be assembled;
according to different station building environments and station building requirements, the station direction of the battery replacement station, namely the vehicle running direction, such as a right station and a left station, needs to be determined in advance.
S105: judging whether the station information of the power station to be assembled is consistent with the preset station information;
due to the fact that the preset station information is the left station, the left station power exchanging station is obtained when the normal power exchanging station is built, the building requirements need to be checked, and the initial power exchanging station is adjusted in appropriateness according to different building requirements.
S107: and if the positions are consistent, assembling, and if the positions are not consistent, adjusting the station direction of the electricity changing bin and finishing assembling.
When trading power station and building a station demand when being left station, just need not improve the storehouse of charging that the assembly was accomplished and trade the storehouse, assemble through the concatenation of container, when trading power station and building a station demand when right station, just need to trade the storehouse and adjust what predesigned completion, specifically, include following step:
s701: acquiring the information of the conversion angle of the power conversion station according to the station information of the power conversion station to be assembled;
s702: adjusting the direction of the power swapping station according to the information of the angle of the power swapping station;
s703: and adjusting the directions of a first storage rack and a second storage rack in the charging bin according to the direction of the power changing station.
It should be noted that, when the swapping station is a single-bin swapping station, a symmetric component may be further disposed on the first cache frame, so that when the direction of swapping the battery is adjusted, the direction of swapping the battery on the first cache frame may also be adjusted. When the power exchanging station is a dual-bin power exchanging station, the power exchanging batteries on the first cache frame and the second cache frame need to be interchanged and borrowed, and of course, symmetrical parts can be arranged on both the first cache frame and the second cache frame.
Through the design of the station direction-changeable power exchanging station and the assembling method thereof, the power exchanging station has stronger adaptability to the infrastructure environment, new products and parts do not need to be developed, the development cost of the power exchanging station is lower, the universality of the parts is improved, and the maintenance cost is reduced.
The foregoing is merely a preferred embodiment of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention, as will be apparent to those skilled in the art, the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing exemplary embodiment, but rather is embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. A power changing station capable of changing station directions is characterized by comprising a charging bin (1), a power changing bin (2) and a control device (4);
the charging bin (1) is used for storing and charging the battery;
the battery changing bin (2) is arranged close to the charging bin (1) and is used for acquiring a battery changing battery in the charging bin (1), carrying out battery changing operation on a vehicle and transferring the battery changing battery changed from the vehicle into the charging bin (1);
the control devices (4) are electrically connected with the charging bin (1) and the power conversion bin (2) and are used for controlling the charging bin (1) and the power conversion bin (2) to work.
2. The station direction-changeable switching station according to claim 1, wherein the charging bin (1) comprises a first charging bin (11); the first charging bin (11) is arranged on one side of the power conversion bin (2),
the first charging bin (11) comprises a first stacker (111), a first storage rack (112), a second storage rack (113) and a first cache rack (114);
the first stacker crane (111) is fixed inside the first charging bin (11), arranged on a track to move and used for taking and placing the battery replacement batteries on the first storage rack (112) and the second storage rack (113);
the first storage rack (112) and the second storage rack (113) are symmetrically arranged, and the first storage rack (112) and the second storage rack (113) are used for storing and replacing the battery cells in a layered mode along the height direction;
the first buffer storage rack (114) is arranged on one side of the first stacker (111) and close to the power conversion bin (2).
3. The station direction changing station capable of changing stations as claimed in claim 2, wherein the first charging bin (11) further comprises a first charger (115), a first water cooling machine (116) and a first fire fighting box (117);
the first charger (115) is used for charging battery replacement batteries on the first storage rack (112) and the second storage rack (113);
the first water cooling machine (116) is used for cooling the battery through a water cooling pipeline.
4. The station direction changing station capable of changing stations as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that the charging bin (1) further comprises a second charging bin (12), and the second charging bin (12) is arranged on the other side of the station changing bin (2);
the second charging bin (12) comprises a second stacker (121), a third storage rack (122) and a second buffer rack (123);
the second stacker (121) is fixed inside the second charging bin (12), arranged on a rail to move and used for picking and placing the battery replacement batteries on the third storage rack (122);
the third storage racks (122) are arranged along one side, close to the power change bin (2), of the second stacker (121), and the third storage racks (122) are used for storing power change batteries in a layered mode along the height direction;
the second buffer storage rack (123) is arranged on one side of the second stacker (121) and close to the power change bin (2), and the second buffer storage rack (123) and the first buffer storage rack (114) are arranged oppositely.
5. The station direction changing station capable of changing stations as claimed in claim 4, wherein the second charging bin (12) further comprises a second charger (124), a second fire box (125) and a first maintenance equipment and accessory storage area (126);
the second charger (124) is used for charging a battery replacement on the third storage rack (122).
6. The station direction changing station capable of changing the station direction as claimed in claim 2, wherein the charging bin (1) further comprises a storage bin (13), and the storage bin (13) is provided with a second maintenance equipment and accessory storage area (131).
7. The station direction-changeable electricity changing station as claimed in claim 1, wherein the electricity changing bin (2) comprises an electricity changing platform, and an upper ramp (22) and a lower ramp (23) are connected to two ends of the electricity changing platform;
the battery replacement platform comprises a vehicle lifting platform (21) and a floating platform (24); the vehicle lifting platform (21) is arranged on two sides of the floating platform (24);
the battery replacement platform is also provided with a front wheel centering mechanism (25) and a rear wheel centering mechanism (26) for positioning a vehicle.
8. The station direction-changeable switching station according to claim 1, further comprising an adjusting device (3), wherein the adjusting device (3) is used for adjusting the direction of the switching chamber when the switching station is assembled.
9. Station according to claim 2, characterized in that the control device (4) is arranged in the first charging chamber (11).
10. Station direction-changeable switching station according to any one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the charging bin (1) and the switching bin (2) are both disposed in a container.
CN202021400951.5U 2020-07-16 2020-07-16 Trade power station of convertible station direction Active CN212765826U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111942212A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-11-17 浙江吉智新能源汽车科技有限公司 Trade power station and trade electric system in interchangeable storehouse

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111942212A (en) * 2020-07-20 2020-11-17 浙江吉智新能源汽车科技有限公司 Trade power station and trade electric system in interchangeable storehouse

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