CN202463784U - Replacing system for power battery boxes - Google Patents

Replacing system for power battery boxes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202463784U
CN202463784U CN2012200024981U CN201220002498U CN202463784U CN 202463784 U CN202463784 U CN 202463784U CN 2012200024981 U CN2012200024981 U CN 2012200024981U CN 201220002498 U CN201220002498 U CN 201220002498U CN 202463784 U CN202463784 U CN 202463784U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
battery
replacing
manipulator
shuttle
battery box
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Application number
CN2012200024981U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
余英
王立涛
李武峰
李连更
严辉
陈�光
伍罡
李翔
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Beijing State Grid Purui UHV Transmission Technology Co Ltd
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China Electric Power Research Institute Co Ltd CEPRI
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Priority to CN2012200024981U priority Critical patent/CN202463784U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a replacing system for power battery boxes. The problems that replacement adaptability is poor, a battery rack is used inconveniently, a battery charging environment is not good and a battery box of an electric automobile cannot be replaced quickly are solved. The replacing system comprises a manipulator, a battery rack, a shuttling trolley and a stacking machine, wherein batteries are assembled into or disassembled from a vehicle by the manipulator, a battery box is stored on the battery rack, the battery rack charges the battery box, the shuttling trolley is positioned under the battery rack, and the batteries required by the manipulator are temporarily stored on the shuttling trolley, and the batteries are taken from the shuttling trolley and then are placed on the battery rack by the stacking machine; and a curtain wall is arranged at the rear of the stacking machine, the curtain wall and a closed front panel of the battery rack jointly close the system, the best charging temperature of the batteries in the battery rack is guaranteed, the service lives of the batteries are prolonged, and the problem that a battery charging environment is not good is solved. The replacing system is reasonable in component arrangement, small in occupied area, high in work efficiency, low in equipment maintenance load and high in generality.

Description

A kind of replacing system of power battery box
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the electronlmobil field, is specifically related to a kind of replacing system of power battery box.
Background technology
Electronlmobil is a main energy sources with electric power, has low, the energy service efficiency advantages of higher of discharging, is the main selection that substitutes fuel-engined vehicle.Under the situation that global energy and environmental problem become increasingly conspicuous, the development electronlmobil becomes breaks away from the important channel that oil resources relied on, realized energy-saving and emission-reduction, alleviate the energy environment problem.
One of core technology on the electronlmobil is exactly energy reserves and feed system, and the use of storage battery and the technology of changing fast become the gordian technique that electric vehicle industrialization develops.Pure electric automobile is owing to factors such as continual mileages at present, and the battery pack quantity that is equipped with is big, the position disunity, has caused battery box to be changed easily and fast.
At present the batteries of electric automobile case is changed and is mainly taked to uncart behind the battery Rotate 180 degree on exchange device more, again the power shortage battery is put into battery carrier, and the more required revolution space of exchange device is bigger; Thereby change the replacing space that equipment operation will take broad, and rotative speed is difficult selected, rotation is fast; Easily battery is thrown away; Rotation is slow, lowers efficiency, and rotation takes up room bigger." power batteries fast replacement system for electric motor vehicle " patent of invention of the people such as Wang Zhenpo of Beijing Institute of Technology application for example, application number is CN200810009129.3, this fast replacement system comprises quick-release mechanism and transfer mechanism.Quick-release mechanism comprises a vacuum cup or magnetic chuck, and it can be pulled out battery box or it is shifted onto in the battery-driven car vehicle body from the battery-driven car vehicle body.Said transfer mechanism adopts the three-dimensional translation to add the mode of operation of rotation; Thereby can be transplanted in the charging rack the said battery box that disassembles and/or the battery box that will from charging rack, take off is inserted in the battery-driven car, thereby the machinery of accomplishing the power battery of electric vehicle group load and change fast.This system adopts translation to add the mode of operation of rotation.
Other researchs of the batteries of electric automobile case being changed technology also comprise:
Application number is " a kind of replacing system of electrokinetic cell of electronlmobil and replacing method " application for a patent for invention for the CN200910090807.8 denomination of invention; Solved from car dismounting power shortage battery and from the battery carrier the problem of fetching battery; The replacing system comprises lifting equipment, lifting fulcrum, more exchange device and battery storing platform; Wherein more exchange device be responsible for simultaneously locate, change the outfit, a plurality of functions such as stacking, make that to change equipment volume bigger, replacing efficient is lower.
And for example application number please for the patent of invention of " a kind of automatic quick-change system of batteries of electric automobile and automatic quick change method " for the CN201010603039.4 denomination of invention; Can satisfy changing fast automatically of batteries of electric automobile case, system comprises battery compartment, battery box and the bay-lift that is arranged on the car body bottom.The device and method of rapidly replacing battery has only been announced in this patent application, but how not to relate to the charging of power shortage battery, does not have the power shortage battery charge with full battery the system that matches to be installed and can not be referred to as complete battery change system.
The new Shen Qing Publication that application number in 2011 is CN201110096497.8 a kind of battery change system and replacing method thereof of portable electric automobile; Solved to change the car battery and drive and be badly in need of in the way changing an electric difficult problem, and do not needed just can directly change batteries of electric automobile at electrical changing station.This system is provided with: folding electric hydraulic elevating platform, battery box lifting table dolly, battery box pallet and integrated control platform.This device is suitable for long-time driving vehicle and carries, but in the real world applications, chaufeur should carry full battery, has and will carry battery replacement device, and this popularization to elec. vehicle is extremely disadvantageous.
Summary of the invention
The utility model purpose is to provide a kind of replacing system of power battery box, and native system is changed process compound action is decomposed into the straight-line motion of XYZ three directions, and complex apparatus is reduced to the set of various conventional products, has improved the economy of the system that changes.
For realizing the foregoing invention purpose, the technical scheme that the utility model is taked is:
A kind of replacing system of power battery box, its improvements are that said replacing system comprises manipulator, battery carrier, piler and is positioned at the shuttle of said battery carrier below.
Wherein: the rear side of said piler is provided with curtain wall, and the battery carrier front side is provided with front panel, and except that the shuttle position, said curtain wall and front panel constitute confined space, and system is played sealing process.
Wherein: said manipulator is positioned at the battery carrier front side, and said piler is positioned at the battery carrier rear side.
Wherein: system is in changing the process of battery box, and the height of said manipulator can be with the variation automatic compensation of bodywork height, and has the adjustment stroke of 2 battery boxs.
Wherein: said shuttle is by the main body of shuttling back and forth, and the drive wheel and the battery box guide frame that move along track constitute.
Wherein: said shuttle has two battery accommodating positions, and said shuttle is that two battery distance of positions leave along the stroke of automobile running orbit direction.
Wherein: said shuttle is positioned under the battery carrier, and 2 shuttles are set under each battery carrier.
Owing to adopted technique scheme, compared with prior art, the beneficial effect of the utility model comprises:
1) replacing system is various conventional products, and manufacturing cost reduces
The replacing system is made up of four parts: the 1) manipulator of loading and unloading battery from the vehicle; 2) deposit and give battery box electrically-charged battery carrier; 3) be positioned at the shuttle of temporarily depositing the required battery of manipulator under the battery carrier, 4) and from the shuttle fetching battery and be positioned over the piler on the battery carrier to battery; The passage width of this method manipulator advantages of small volume, flexible movements, required motion obviously reduces, and battery box need not rotation, and shuttle is positioned at battery carrier below saves the space, has two stations and can fast quick-action do, and has reduced the opening time of manipulator;
2) the two-step full automaticity pattern battery storage frame that changes the outfit adopts closed environment, all can guarantee battery optimal charge temperature throughout the year, has improved assurance battery service life, has also solved dustproof problem, has solved the battery charge environmental problem preferably;
3) the utility model is changed pattern and has been solved problems such as replacing comformability, battery carrier use, battery charge environment well.
Remove above-mentioned advantage, this replacing system rationally utilizes artificial and machinery combines, and the engineering price ratio is high; The system automation degree is high, and the plant maintenance amount is less; Solved the battery directivity; Battery storehouse and outdoor connection link are few, and it is little to be communicated with area, have solved battery storehouse insulation problem, accomplish as far as possible cool in summer and warm in winter, energy saving; Designed the battery disassembly and assembly manipulator and only done XYZ three direction straight-line motions, during control effort size, high efficient and reliable; System flexibility is strong, and is changeable, arrives the up to ten thousand provincial transhipment stations of battery greatly, little of station, tens battery down towns, but corresponding configuration all; The battery altering workshop can be sealed, and the charging environment can constant temperature, and dustproof battery charge needs heat radiation; Need lower the temperature summer to working space; Battery temperature is low during charging can prolong charging duration, so winter, working space needed heating, with the glass curtain wall body a whole set of work system such as battery carrier, assembling and disassembling manipulator, battery pile stack machine, branch mailbox battery charger is sealed; Only stay the transportation work window, help the working space insulation; Each device action is single, and is simple in structure, and fault rate is low.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further specified.
Fig. 1 changes the entire system scheme drawing;
Fig. 2 is a replacing system left view;
Fig. 3 is the shuttle structural representation;
Reference numeral:
1-manipulator, 2-shuttle, 3-battery carrier, 4-piler, 5-curtain wall, 6-shuttle main body, 7-battery box guide frame, 8-drive wheel;
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with instance the utility model is carried out detailed explanation.
The utility model provides a kind of fast replacement system of power battery box; Change shown in the entire system scheme drawing like Fig. 1; System comprises four parts; From the vehicle the manipulator 1 of loading and unloading battery, deposit and give the electrically-charged battery carrier of battery box 3, be positioned at the shuttle 2 of temporarily depositing the required battery of manipulator under the battery carrier and from the shuttle fetching battery and be positioned over the piler 4 on the battery carrier to battery, wherein manipulator 1 is two front portions that are positioned at battery carrier 3,2 two of shuttles are positioned at the battery carrier below; 3 one of battery carriers, 4 one of pilers are positioned at battery carrier 3 rear portions.
Manipulator 1 can be on the ground rail that is parallel to vehicle turnover direction quick travel; But manipulator 1 is at the vertical direction automatic compensation; Execution unit on the manipulator 1 (battery box handgrip) is at the horizontal in-plane moving vertical with the vehicle approach axis; Execution unit not only can stretch out also to direction of traffic can be to stretching out away from direction of traffic, can be during manipulator 1 dismounting battery, promptly and untie the function of battery box lockset with battery box self-orientation on the vehicle, and send the shuttle 2 under battery carrier with battery;
Battery carrier 3 is positioned at manipulator 1 orbit rear portion, is used to deposit and charges to battery box;
Shuttle 2 is positioned at battery carrier 3 belows, has two battery accommodating positions, and the ability edge orbiting motion parallel with the vehicle direct of travel, and the distance of shuttle 2 motions is two battery positions, and its displacement just in time can be moved a battery position under the situation that manipulator 1 is failure to actuate; As shown in Figure 3, shuttle 2 comprises shuttle main body 6, battery box guide frame 7 and drive wheel 8;
Piler 4 is positioned at battery carrier 3 rear portions, along quick travel on the ground rail that is parallel to car turnover direction, can battery box be delivered to battery carrier 3 from shuttle 2, or battery box is delivered to shuttle 2 from battery carrier 3.
The method of utilizing the utility model to change battery box comprises the steps:
Vehicle location;
Two manipulators 1 of replacing system begin action, and one anterior to vehicular sideview, and one to the vehicular sideview rear portion; Piler 4 is positioned over full battery a battery position of shuttle 2; Manipulator 1 is located battery on vehicle, every manipulator 1 takes out one case battery from car; Manipulator 1 is delivered to the shuttle 2 under the battery carrier 3 with the power shortage battery rapidly; Shuttle 2 moves a battery position, and manipulator 1 will be expired battery and taken away, be positioned over relevant position on the car; Piler 4 takes off the power shortage battery from shuttle 2, put into battery carrier 3 chargings from battery carrier 3 rears battery.Manipulator 1 repeats to pick and place next battery box, till all battery boxs all are replaced completion.
Piler 4 rear portions are provided with curtain wall 5, can seal insulation and protection to the system rear portion; The front portion of battery carrier 3 is other window base closeds except that shuttle 2.
This replacing method is changed pattern for the full automaticity two-step, is about to battery and takes off from battery carrier 3, is placed on the shuttle 2, utilizes manipulator 1 that battery is installed onboard again.The passage width of this method manipulator 1 advantages of small volume, flexible movements, required motion obviously reduces; Battery box need not rotation; Shuttle 2 is positioned at saving space, battery carrier 3 belows, shuttle 2 has two stations and the fast quick-action of ability is done; Reduced the opening time of manipulator 1, had efficient replacing battery, practice thrift advantages such as changing the station floor area.This substitute mode requires relatively low to a temporary side positioning requirements, servo-actuated performance and the flexibility that changes the outfit, also lower to the car side, and the replacing method is taken into account and satisfied the higher and battery carrier side of car side, picks and places efficient and reaches the highest.
Change the outfit pattern battery storage frame 3 of two-step full automaticity adopts closed environment, all can guarantee battery optimal charge temperature throughout the year, has improved assurance battery service life, has also solved dustproof problem, has solved the battery charge environmental problem preferably.
The utility model has solved problems such as replacing comformability, battery carrier use, battery charge environment well.
The utility model is described according to specific exemplary embodiment here.It will be conspicuous under the scope that does not break away from the utility model, carrying out suitable replacement to one skilled in the art or revise.Exemplary embodiment only is illustrative, rather than to the restriction of the scope of the utility model, the scope of the utility model is by appended claim definition.

Claims (8)

1. the replacing system of a power battery box is characterized in that said replacing system comprises manipulator (1), battery carrier (3), piler (4) and is positioned at the shuttle (2) of said battery carrier (3) below.
2. the replacing system of a kind of power battery box as claimed in claim 1; The rear side that it is characterized in that said piler (4) is provided with curtain wall (5); Said battery carrier (3) front side is provided with front panel, and said curtain wall (5) and front panel constitute confined space, and system is played sealing process.
3. the replacing system of a kind of power battery box as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said manipulator (1) is positioned at battery carrier (3) front side, and said piler (4) is positioned at battery carrier (3) rear side.
4. the replacing system of a kind of power battery box as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said manipulator (1) in the vertical direction has the adjustment stroke of at least 2 battery boxs.
5. the replacing system of a kind of power battery box as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that system in the process of changing battery box, and the height of said manipulator (1) can be with the variation automatic compensation of bodywork height.
6. the replacing system of a kind of power battery box as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said shuttle (2) by the main body of shuttling back and forth (6), and the drive wheel (8) and the battery box guide frame (7) that move along track constitute.
7. the replacing system of a kind of power battery box as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said shuttle (2) has two battery accommodating positions, and said shuttle (2) is that two battery distance of positions leave along the stroke of automobile running orbit direction.
8. the replacing system of a kind of power battery box as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said shuttle (2) is positioned under the battery carrier (3), and each battery carrier (3) is arranged with 2 shuttles (2).
CN2012200024981U 2012-01-05 2012-01-05 Replacing system for power battery boxes Active CN202463784U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102941842A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-02-27 安川首钢机器人有限公司 System for automatically replacing batteries by using robot and method thereof
CN103362328A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-23 李清华 Garage
CN103771064A (en) * 2012-10-25 2014-05-07 杭州市电力局 Centralized power supply system, centralized charging station and battery conveying production line
CN103978961A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-08-13 国家电网公司 Electric vehicle chassis battery charging and replacing device
CN105015995A (en) * 2014-04-18 2015-11-04 无锡凯乐士科技有限公司 Automatic goods sorting system and method
CN106927179A (en) * 2017-01-16 2017-07-07 黄金刚 A kind of intelligent storage robot, system and control method, charging method
CN109720232A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-05-07 深圳云动未来科技有限公司 A kind of concocting method and system of the battery of electric vehicle based on Internet of Things
CN109850456A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-06-07 重庆大学 Building environment novel document delivery system
CN110422525A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-11-08 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of rail car equipment based on automatic stereowarehouse

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102941842A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-02-27 安川首钢机器人有限公司 System for automatically replacing batteries by using robot and method thereof
CN103771064A (en) * 2012-10-25 2014-05-07 杭州市电力局 Centralized power supply system, centralized charging station and battery conveying production line
CN103362328A (en) * 2013-07-22 2013-10-23 李清华 Garage
CN103362328B (en) * 2013-07-22 2015-06-03 李清华 Garage
CN105015995A (en) * 2014-04-18 2015-11-04 无锡凯乐士科技有限公司 Automatic goods sorting system and method
CN103978961A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-08-13 国家电网公司 Electric vehicle chassis battery charging and replacing device
CN103978961B (en) * 2014-04-24 2016-06-01 国家电网公司 A kind of electric automobile chassis battery fills and changes Denso and put
CN106927179A (en) * 2017-01-16 2017-07-07 黄金刚 A kind of intelligent storage robot, system and control method, charging method
CN106927179B (en) * 2017-01-16 2019-03-19 黄金刚 A kind of control method of intelligent warehousing system
CN109720232A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-05-07 深圳云动未来科技有限公司 A kind of concocting method and system of the battery of electric vehicle based on Internet of Things
CN109720232B (en) * 2018-12-29 2020-11-06 深圳云动未来科技有限公司 Internet of things-based electric vehicle battery allocation method and system
CN109850456A (en) * 2019-02-18 2019-06-07 重庆大学 Building environment novel document delivery system
CN110422525A (en) * 2019-08-09 2019-11-08 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of rail car equipment based on automatic stereowarehouse

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: BEIJING STATE GRID PURUI EXTRA HIGH VOLTAGE POWER

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: CHINA ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE

Effective date: 20130424

Owner name: STATE ELECTRIC NET CROP.

Effective date: 20130424

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20130424

Address after: 100192 Beijing city Haidian District Qinghe small Camp Road No. 15

Patentee after: Beijing State Grid Puruite High-Pressure Power Transmission Technology Co.,Ltd.

Patentee after: State Grid Corporation of China

Address before: 100192 Beijing city Haidian District Qinghe small Camp Road No. 15

Patentee before: China Electric Power Research Institute