CN107750624A - A kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device - Google Patents

A kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107750624A
CN107750624A CN201711176846.0A CN201711176846A CN107750624A CN 107750624 A CN107750624 A CN 107750624A CN 201711176846 A CN201711176846 A CN 201711176846A CN 107750624 A CN107750624 A CN 107750624A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
plate
hand rotation
comb
broach
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Application number
CN201711176846.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107750624B (en
Inventor
何辉波
李华英
张俊
马攀
甘镇瑜
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Southwest University
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Southwest University
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Priority to CN201711176846.0A priority Critical patent/CN107750624B/en
Publication of CN107750624A publication Critical patent/CN107750624A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device, including frame, be installed on the walking mechanism of bottom of the frame, be arranged at frame lower end and be slidably matched with frame along upper direction single-degree-of-freedom broach component, be fixed on frame and dustpan on the downside of broach component, for the broach insertion in driving comb component or exit the interspersed drive mechanism of pepper plant and the lift drive mechanism moved along the vertical direction for driving comb component;User's labor intensity can be reduced, suitable for small-sized plant development, and simple in construction, operation easily, picking efficiency it is high.

Description

A kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural mechanical field, and in particular to a kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device.
Background technology
The purposes of capsicum is very extensive, flavouring, vegetables can be used as to use, and can also be used as medical material, use To make medicine, can also be used to extract pigment.China's pepper planting area is wide, but is typically all artificial harvesting, artificial to receive Collection, therefore the problems such as operating efficiency is low, and labor strength is big be present;Volume mistake be present in pepper-picking machine in the market Greatly, cost is too high, the problems such as not being suitable for small-sized plant development.
Therefore, for solution problem above, it is necessary to which a kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device, can reduce user's work Intensity, suitable for small-sized plant development, and simple in construction, operation easily, picking efficiency it is high.
The content of the invention
In view of this, the purpose of the present invention is the defects of overcoming in the prior art, there is provided a kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type capsicum is adopted Device and picking, user's labor intensity can be reduced, suitable for small-sized plant development, and simple in construction, operation easily, harvesting effect Rate is high.
The present invention a kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device, including frame, be installed on bottom of the frame walking mechanism, The broach component that is arranged at frame lower end and is slidably matched with frame along upper direction single-degree-of-freedom, it is fixed on frame and is located at broach Dustpan on the downside of component, for the broach insertion in driving comb component or exit the interspersed drive mechanism of pepper plant and be used for The lift drive mechanism that driving comb component moves along the vertical direction.
Further, the broach component includes sliding up and down the bottom plate of cooperation with frame and being rotatablely installed in bottom plate and set There is the flap of broach;The flap includes left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate and left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate are fixedly installed left laterally comb respectively Tooth and right horizontal broach;The interspersed drive mechanism includes interspersed motor and driving gear set, the interspersed motor Left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate is driven to rotate by driving gear set, it is described to be fixed on left-hand rotation plate and the horizontal broach of right-hand rotation plate exists respectively Pepper plant is inserted or exited under the drive of left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate.
Further, the broach component also includes being used to install the left installing plate of left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate and right installing plate, Left installing plate and right installing plate are fixed on bottom plate in a cantilever fashion respectively and left installing plate and right installing plate are provided with bearing Seat, the left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate are fixedly installed rotating shaft and corresponding rotating shaft is installed on corresponding bearing by rolling bearing Seat.
Further, the broach component also includes the vertical fixed plate for being perpendicularly fixed at bottom plate leading edge, described vertical solid The leading flank of fixed board is fixedly installed longitudinal broach.
Further, the horizontal broach and longitudinal broach are respectively that laterally comb bar and longitudinal direction comb bar, the laterally comb bar are Multiple and be fixed on corresponding flap side by side along longitudinal direction, the longitudinal direction comb bar is multiple and be transversely fixed on vertical fixation side by side Plate.
Further, the flap offers bar shaped installing port along longitudinal direction, the fixing ends of multiple laterally comb bars by nut and Bar shaped installing port coordinates is fixed on flap in a manner of adjacent longitudinal pitch is adjustable.
Further, the lift drive mechanism includes being fixed on the lifting motor of frame upper end, is fixed on bottom plate The drag-line that fixed pulley and driving bottom plate slide, one end of the drag-line and the upper end of frame are fixed, after the other end passes through fixed pulley It is fixed on the rotating shaft of lifting motor;The lifting motor makes drag-line drag on fixed pulley by rotating and winding drag-line Rise and then drive bottom plate to rise.
Further, the driving gear set includes engaging the left driven gear, left driving gear, right master of setting successively side by side Moving gear and right driven gear, the left driven gear and right driven gear distinguish fixed jacket in the rotating shaft and right-hand rotation of left-hand rotation plate The rotating shaft of plate;The rotating shaft of the interspersed motor is placed on left driving gear or right driving gear in fixing.
Further, the frame includes two vertical bars be arrangeding in parallel and the crossbeam handle being fixed at the top of two vertical bars Hand, the section of the vertical bar offer the pilot hole passed through for two vertical bars to be conformal on rectangle and bottom plate.
Further, the walking mechanism is the roller being arranged between two vertical bar lower ends;The front side bottom of the dustpan It is provided with the U-lag for pepper plant insertion.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:A kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device disclosed by the invention, in use, passing through In broach insertion pepper plant in interspersed drive mechanism driving comb component, lift drive mechanism driving comb group is then utilized Part moves upwards, and then capsicum is come off under the active force of broach from pepper plant, falls under driving comb component In the dustpan of side, after broach component moves to highest point, interspersed drive mechanism driving comb is recycled to be moved back from pepper plant Go out and in the presence of the lift drive mechanism under drop down onto lowest part, then next plant of pepper plant is plucked, the device is applicable In the harvesting of small-sized pepper plant, labour is saved;And walking mechanism is installed in frame bottom, beneficial to the movement of device, improve Picking efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the side view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of middle gear transmission component of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the top view of the present invention.
Embodiment
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention, and Fig. 2 is the side view of the present invention, and Fig. 3 is middle gear transmission component of the present invention Structural representation, Fig. 4 be the present invention top view, as illustrated, a kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking in the present embodiment Device, including frame 5, be installed on the walking mechanism 1 of the bottom of frame 5, be arranged at the lower end of frame 5 and single along upper direction with frame 5 Broach component that the free degree is slidably matched, it is fixed on frame 5 and dustpan on the downside of broach component, for driving comb component In broach insertion or exit the interspersed drive mechanism of pepper plant and the liter moved along the vertical direction for driving comb component Drive mechanism drops;In use, being inserted by the broach interted in drive mechanism driving comb component in pepper plant, then utilize Lift drive mechanism driving comb component moves upwards, and then capsicum is come off under the active force of broach from pepper plant, Fall into the dustpan 2 below driving comb component, after broach component moves to highest point, recycle interspersed drive mechanism Driving comb exited from pepper plant and in the presence of the lift drive mechanism under drop down onto lowest part, then next plant of capsicum is planted Strain is plucked, and the device is applied to the harvesting of small-sized pepper plant, saves labour;And walking mechanism is installed in frame bottom 1, beneficial to the movement of device, improve picking efficiency.
In the present embodiment, the broach component includes sliding up and down the bottom plate 3 of cooperation with frame 5 and being rotatablely installed in bottom plate 3 and it is provided with the flap of broach;The flap includes left-hand rotation plate 4 and right-hand rotation plate 10 and left-hand rotation plate 4 and right-hand rotation plate 10 are fixed respectively It is provided with left horizontal broach 19 and right horizontal broach 19;The interspersed drive mechanism includes interspersed motor 13 and travelling gear Group, the interspersed motor 13 drives left-hand rotation plate 4 and right-hand rotation plate 10 to rotate by driving gear set, described to be fixed on left-hand rotation plate 4 and the horizontal broach 19 of right-hand rotation plate 10 insert or exit respectively pepper plant under the drive of left-hand rotation plate 4 and right-hand rotation plate 10;Laterally The left and right directions of operator is represented, longitudinal direction represents the fore-and-aft direction of operator;The left-hand rotation plate 4 and right-hand rotation plate 10 transversely between The receiving space for accommodating pepper plant is reserved with, certainly, the interspersed motor 13 can be rotated and reverse by control, ensure position Horizontal broach 19 in the left and right sides relative can close up insertion and relative separation exits pepper plant, is inserted by flap driving comb Enter or exit, simple and compact for structure, driving is smooth.
In the present embodiment, the broach component also includes being used to install left-hand rotation plate 4 and the left installing plate of right-hand rotation plate 10 and the right side Installing plate, left installing plate and right installing plate are fixed on bottom plate 3 in a cantilever fashion respectively and left installing plate and right installing plate are all provided with Bearing block 11 is equipped with, the left-hand rotation plate 4 and right-hand rotation plate 10 are fixedly installed rotating shaft and corresponding rotating shaft is installed by rolling bearing In corresponding bearing block 11;It is smooth to ensure that flap rotates, avoids engaging, it is high beneficial to the structural strength of broach component, ensure device Stability it is high.
In the present embodiment, the broach component also includes the vertical fixed plate 23 for being perpendicularly fixed at the leading edge of bottom plate 3, described The leading flank of vertical fixed plate 23 is fixedly installed longitudinal broach 21;The vertical fixed plate 23, which is beneficial to be formed, to be stopped, speed gear Easily there is bite in transmission component and fixed pulley 22;Importantly, longitudinal broach 21 coordinates with horizontal broach 19, further improve The expulsion rate of capsicum.
In the present embodiment, the horizontal broach 19 and longitudinal broach 21 are respectively laterally to comb bar and longitudinal direction comb bar, the horizontal stroke It is multiple and corresponds to flap along longitudinal be fixed on side by side to bar is combed, longitudinal bar of combing is multiple and is transversely fixed on side by side perpendicular To fixed plate 23;The free end for laterally combing bar and longitudinal direction comb bar is sharp end, simple in construction beneficial to interspersed, reduction stop, It is easy for installation.
In the present embodiment, the flap offers bar shaped installing port along longitudinal direction, and the fixing end of multiple laterally comb bars passes through spiral shell Mother 20 and bar shaped installing port 15 coordinate is fixed on flap in a manner of adjacent longitudinal pitch is adjustable;The fixing end of the laterally comb bar Cylindrical setting external screw thread, flap is lock onto by nut 20;The mounting structure of longitudinal broach 21 is alternatively horizontal broach 19 Mounting structure;The spacing between adjacent fingers is carried out beneficial to the capsicum for different cultivars to adjust, and increases the scope of application of device; The adjustment structure simple and flexible.
In the present embodiment, the lift drive mechanism includes being fixed on the lifting motor 8 of the upper end of frame 5, is fixed on The drag-line 9 that the fixed pulley 22 and driving bottom plate 3 of bottom plate 3 slide, one end and the upper end of frame 5 of the drag-line 9 are fixed, the other end The rotating shaft of lifting motor 8 is fixed on after through fixed pulley 22;The lifting motor 8 is by rotating and winding drag-line 9 Make drag-line 9 drag fixed pulley 22 to rise and then drive bottom plate 3 to rise;Can fixed jacket in the rotating shaft of the lifting motor 8 Coiling rotating cylinder 6 is set, and coiling rotating cylinder 6 is circumferentially fixed in the end of the drag-line 9.
In the present embodiment, the driving gear set includes engaging the left driven gear 18 of setting, left driving tooth successively side by side Wheel 16, right driving gear 17 and right driven gear 14, left driven gear 18 and right driven gear 14 the difference fixed jacket in The rotating shaft of left-hand rotation plate 4 and the rotating shaft of right-hand rotation plate 10;The rotating shaft of the interspersed motor 13 is placed on left driving gear 16 in fixing Or right driving gear 17;Left driving gear 16 and right driving gear 17 constant speed drive, and left driving gear 16 and a left side are driven Engaged between gear 18 with right driving gear 17 with the right deceleration transmission of driven gear 14, beneficial to the output of increase rotating torque, knot Structure simple and compact.
In the present embodiment, the frame 5 includes two vertical bars be arrangeding in parallel and the horizontal stroke being fixed at the top of two vertical bars Beam handle 7, the section of the vertical bar offer the pilot hole passed through for two vertical bars to be conformal on rectangle and bottom plate 3;Should Frame 5 is simple in construction, can be fixedly installed sliding sleeve in the pilot hole, and the structure of double vertical bars and rectangular cross section is beneficial to ensure itself While structural strength is high, ensure that stability is high when bottom plate 3 slides.
In the present embodiment, the walking mechanism 1 is the roller 12 being arranged between two vertical bar lower ends;Facilitate the shifting of device Dynamic, single wheel is applied to uneven ground;The front side bottom of the dustpan 2 is provided with the U-lag for pepper plant insertion, the U-shaped Groove is embedded in for pepper plant lower end root, ensures that the picker is effectively wrapped to pepper plant.
Finally illustrate, the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention and it is unrestricted, although with reference to compared with The present invention is described in detail good embodiment, it will be understood by those within the art that, can be to the skill of the present invention Art scheme is modified or equivalent substitution, and without departing from the objective and scope of technical solution of the present invention, it all should cover at this Among the right of invention.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device, it is characterised in that:Including frame, it is installed on the vehicle with walking machine of bottom of the frame Structure, the broach component for being arranged at frame lower end and being slidably matched with frame along upper direction single-degree-of-freedom, it is fixed on frame and is located at Dustpan on the downside of broach component, for the broach insertion in driving comb component or exit pepper plant interspersed drive mechanism and The lift drive mechanism moved along the vertical direction for driving comb component;The broach component includes sliding up and down with frame matching somebody with somebody The bottom plate of conjunction and it is rotatablely installed in bottom plate and is provided with the flap of broach;The flap includes left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate and left-hand rotation plate Left horizontal broach and right horizontal broach are fixedly installed respectively with right-hand rotation plate;The interspersed drive mechanism includes interspersed motor And driving gear set, the interspersed motor drives left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate to rotate by driving gear set, described to be fixed on The horizontal broach of left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate inserts or exited respectively pepper plant under the drive of left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate;The machine Frame includes two vertical bars be arrangeding in parallel and the crossbeam handle being fixed at the top of two vertical bars, and the section of the vertical bar is square It is conformal in shape and bottom plate to offer the pilot hole passed through for two vertical bars.
  2. A kind of 2. small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The broach component is also Including for the left installing plate for installing left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate and right installing plate, left installing plate and right installing plate are respectively with cantilever Mode is fixed on bottom plate and left installing plate and right installing plate are provided with bearing block, and the left-hand rotation plate and right-hand rotation plate are fixedly installed There is rotating shaft and corresponding rotating shaft is installed on corresponding bearing block by rolling bearing.
  3. A kind of 3. small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The broach component is also Vertical fixed plate including being perpendicularly fixed at bottom plate leading edge, the leading flank of the vertical fixed plate are fixedly installed longitudinal comb Tooth.
  4. A kind of 4. small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The horizontal broach and Longitudinal broach is respectively that laterally comb bar and longitudinal direction comb bar, the laterally comb bar are multiple and are fixed on corresponding turn side by side along longitudinal direction Plate, the longitudinal direction comb bar are multiple and be transversely fixed on vertical fixed plate side by side.
  5. A kind of 5. small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Flap edge longitudinal direction Bar shaped installing port is offered, the fixing end of multiple laterally comb bars is coordinated by nut and bar shaped installing port can with adjacent longitudinal pitch The mode of tune is fixed on flap.
  6. A kind of 6. small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The elevator drive machine Structure includes being fixed on the drag-line that the lifting motor of frame upper end, the fixed pulley for being fixed on bottom plate and driving bottom plate slide, institute State one end of drag-line and the upper end of frame to fix, the other end is fixed on the rotating shaft for lifting motor after passing through fixed pulley;It is described Lifting motor makes drag-line drag fixed pulley rising to drive bottom plate to rise by rotating and winding drag-line.
  7. A kind of 7. small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The driving gear set Left driven gear, left driving gear, right driving gear and right driven gear including engaging setting successively side by side, the left side are driven Gear and right driven gear distinguish fixed jacket in the rotating shaft of left-hand rotation plate and the rotating shaft of right-hand rotation plate;The interspersed motor turns Axle is placed on left driving gear or right driving gear in fixing.
  8. A kind of 8. small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The walking mechanism is The roller being arranged between two vertical bar lower ends;The front side bottom of the dustpan is provided with the U-lag for pepper plant insertion.
CN201711176846.0A 2017-11-22 2017-11-22 Small comb-tooth type pepper picking device Active CN107750624B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711176846.0A CN107750624B (en) 2017-11-22 2017-11-22 Small comb-tooth type pepper picking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711176846.0A CN107750624B (en) 2017-11-22 2017-11-22 Small comb-tooth type pepper picking device

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CN107750624A true CN107750624A (en) 2018-03-06
CN107750624B CN107750624B (en) 2020-03-10

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108633466A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-12 浙江农林大学 Curry the electronic leaf picking collection machine of formula
CN114793623A (en) * 2022-04-28 2022-07-29 温州科技职业学院 Roselle flower picking and seed removing all-in-one machine

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL1036829C2 (en) * 2008-04-10 2009-10-13 Lefever N V Harvested fruits collecting device, has series of baskets suspended on endless chain, where each basket move along inputs and along exit at head end of unloading arm in zigzag motion
CN202773411U (en) * 2012-09-20 2013-03-13 朱泽 Hot pepper picking machine
CN202841926U (en) * 2012-03-24 2013-04-03 杨苏强 Chain pepper harvester
CN105325117A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-02-17 哈尔滨理工大学 Pod pepper picking and straw cleaning equipment
CN205546580U (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-09-07 宣威市太坤调味品厂 Automatic device of picking of hot pepper
CN106717549A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-31 华南农业大学 One kind staggeredly combs row's formula lichee collecting cart

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL1036829C2 (en) * 2008-04-10 2009-10-13 Lefever N V Harvested fruits collecting device, has series of baskets suspended on endless chain, where each basket move along inputs and along exit at head end of unloading arm in zigzag motion
CN202841926U (en) * 2012-03-24 2013-04-03 杨苏强 Chain pepper harvester
CN202773411U (en) * 2012-09-20 2013-03-13 朱泽 Hot pepper picking machine
CN105325117A (en) * 2015-11-18 2016-02-17 哈尔滨理工大学 Pod pepper picking and straw cleaning equipment
CN205546580U (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-09-07 宣威市太坤调味品厂 Automatic device of picking of hot pepper
CN106717549A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-31 华南农业大学 One kind staggeredly combs row's formula lichee collecting cart

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108633466A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-12 浙江农林大学 Curry the electronic leaf picking collection machine of formula
CN114793623A (en) * 2022-04-28 2022-07-29 温州科技职业学院 Roselle flower picking and seed removing all-in-one machine

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