CN107750624B - Small comb-tooth type pepper picking device - Google Patents

Small comb-tooth type pepper picking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107750624B
CN107750624B CN201711176846.0A CN201711176846A CN107750624B CN 107750624 B CN107750624 B CN 107750624B CN 201711176846 A CN201711176846 A CN 201711176846A CN 107750624 B CN107750624 B CN 107750624B
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comb
rotating plate
fixed
plate
rack
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CN201711176846.0A
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CN107750624A (en
Inventor
何辉波
李华英
张俊
马攀
甘镇瑜
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Southwest University
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Southwest University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs

Abstract

The invention discloses a small comb-tooth type pepper picking device which comprises a rack, a walking mechanism arranged at the bottom of the rack, a comb-tooth assembly arranged at the lower end of the rack and in single-degree-of-freedom sliding fit with the rack along the upper direction, a dustpan fixed on the rack and positioned on the lower side of the comb-tooth assembly, an insertion driving mechanism used for driving comb teeth in the comb-tooth assembly to insert into or withdraw from pepper plants, and a lifting driving mechanism used for driving the comb-tooth assembly to move along the up-down direction; can reduce the labor intensity of users, is suitable for small-sized planting production, and has simple structure, easy operation and high picking efficiency.

Description

Small comb-tooth type pepper picking device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a small comb-tooth type pepper picking device.
Background
The pepper has wide application, can be used as a condiment and a vegetable, can be used as a medical raw material for preparing a medicine, and can be used for extracting pigment. The pepper planting area in China is wide, but the pepper is generally picked and collected manually, so that the problems of low working efficiency, high labor intensity of workers and the like exist; the pepper picking machine in the current market has the problems of overlarge volume, overhigh cost, inapplicability to small-sized planting production and the like.
Therefore, in order to solve the above problems, a small comb-tooth type pepper picking device is needed, which can reduce the labor intensity of users, is suitable for small-sized planting production, and has the advantages of simple structure, easy operation and high picking efficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, the invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art, and provides a small comb-tooth type pepper picking device, which can reduce the labor intensity of a user, is suitable for small-sized planting production, and has the advantages of simple structure, easy operation and high picking efficiency.
The invention discloses a small comb-tooth-type pepper picking device which comprises a rack, a walking mechanism arranged at the bottom of the rack, a comb-tooth assembly arranged on the rack and capable of being in sliding fit with the rack in a single degree of freedom up and down, a dustpan fixed on the rack and positioned on the lower side of the comb-tooth assembly, an insertion driving mechanism used for driving comb teeth in the comb-tooth assembly to insert into or withdraw from pepper plants, and a lifting driving mechanism used for driving the comb-tooth assembly to move up and down.
Furthermore, the comb tooth assembly comprises a bottom plate which is in up-and-down sliding fit with the rack and a rotating plate which is rotatably arranged on the bottom plate and is provided with comb teeth; the rotating plate comprises a left rotating plate and a right rotating plate, and the left rotating plate and the right rotating plate are respectively and fixedly provided with left transverse comb teeth and right transverse comb teeth; the penetrating driving mechanism comprises a penetrating driving motor and a transmission gear set, the penetrating driving motor drives the left rotating plate and the right rotating plate to rotate through the transmission gear set, and the transverse comb teeth fixed on the left rotating plate and the right rotating plate are respectively inserted into or withdrawn from the pepper plants under the driving of the left rotating plate and the right rotating plate.
Further, the broach subassembly is still including left mounting panel and the right mounting panel that is used for installing left side commentaries on classics board and right commentaries on classics board, and left mounting panel and right mounting panel are fixed in the bottom plate respectively with the mode of cantilever and left mounting panel and right mounting panel all are provided with the bearing frame, left side commentaries on classics board and right commentaries on classics board all are fixed to be provided with the pivot and correspond the pivot and pass through antifriction bearing and install in the bearing frame that corresponds.
Furthermore, the comb tooth assembly further comprises a vertical fixing plate vertically fixed at the front edge of the bottom plate, and longitudinal comb teeth are fixedly arranged on the front side face of the vertical fixing plate.
Further, the transverse comb teeth and the longitudinal comb teeth are respectively transverse comb rods and longitudinal comb rods, the transverse comb rods are multiple and are longitudinally fixed on the corresponding rotating plates in parallel, and the longitudinal comb rods are multiple and are transversely fixed on the vertical fixing plates in parallel.
Further, the rotating plate is longitudinally provided with a strip-shaped mounting opening, and the fixed ends of the plurality of transverse comb rods are fixed on the rotating plate in an adjacent longitudinal distance adjustable mode through the matching of nuts and the strip-shaped mounting opening.
Furthermore, the lifting driving mechanism comprises a lifting driving motor fixed at the upper end of the rack, a fixed pulley fixed on the bottom plate and a guy cable for driving the bottom plate to slide, wherein one end of the guy cable is fixed with the upper end of the rack, and the other end of the guy cable penetrates through the fixed pulley and then is fixed on a rotating shaft of the lifting driving motor; the lifting driving motor drives the fixed pulley to ascend by rotating and winding the inhaul cable so as to drive the bottom plate to ascend.
Furthermore, the transmission gear set comprises a left driven gear, a left driving gear, a right driving gear and a right driven gear which are meshed in sequence side by side, and the left driven gear and the right driven gear are respectively fixed on a rotating shaft of the left rotating plate and a rotating shaft of the right rotating plate in an sleeved mode; and the rotating shaft penetrating through the driving motor is fixedly sleeved in the left driving gear or the right driving gear.
Further, the frame includes two parallel arrangement's vertical pole and is fixed in the crossbeam handle at two vertical pole tops, the horizontal section of vertical pole is the rectangle and form fit on the bottom plate and offer the guiding hole that is used for two vertical poles to pass.
Further, the running mechanism is a roller arranged between the lower ends of the two vertical rods; the bottom of the front side of the dustpan is provided with a U-shaped groove for embedding pepper plants.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: when the small comb-tooth-type pepper picking device is used, the comb teeth in the comb-tooth assembly are driven by the inserting driving mechanism to be inserted into pepper plants, then the lifting driving mechanism is used for driving the comb-tooth assembly to move upwards, so that pepper falls off from the pepper plants under the action of the comb teeth and falls into a dustpan below the driving comb-tooth assembly, when the comb-tooth assembly moves to the highest position, the inserting driving mechanism is used for driving the comb teeth to retreat from the pepper plants and fall to the lowest position under the action of the lifting driving mechanism, and then the next pepper plant is picked; and a walking mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the support, so that the device is moved conveniently, and the picking efficiency is improved.
Drawings
The invention is further described below with reference to the following figures and examples:
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the gear assembly of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a top view of the present invention.
Detailed Description
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention, fig. 2 is a side view of the present invention, fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a gear transmission assembly of the present invention, fig. 4 is a top view of the present invention, and as shown in the drawings, the small comb-tooth type pepper picking apparatus in the present embodiment comprises a frame 5, a traveling mechanism 1 installed at the bottom of the frame 5, a comb-tooth assembly disposed on the frame 5 and slidably engaged along the frame in a single degree of freedom up and down, a dustpan fixed to the frame 5 and located at the lower side of the comb-tooth assembly, an insertion driving mechanism for driving comb teeth in the comb-tooth assembly to insert into or withdraw from pepper plants, and a lifting driving mechanism for driving the comb-tooth assembly to move up and down; when the device is used, the comb teeth in the comb tooth assembly are driven by the interpenetration driving mechanism to be inserted into a pepper plant, then the lifting driving mechanism is used for driving the comb tooth assembly to move upwards, so that pepper falls off from the pepper plant under the action of the comb teeth and falls into the dustpan 2 below the driving comb tooth assembly, after the comb tooth assembly moves to the highest position, the interpenetration driving mechanism is used for driving the comb teeth to retreat from the pepper plant and fall to the lowest position under the action of the lifting driving mechanism, and then the next pepper plant is picked; and the walking mechanism 1 is arranged at the bottom of the support, so that the device is favorable for moving, and the picking efficiency is improved.
In this embodiment, the comb component includes a bottom plate 3 which is in up-and-down sliding fit with the frame 5, and a rotating plate which is rotatably installed on the bottom plate 3 and is provided with comb teeth; the rotating plate comprises a left rotating plate 4 and a right rotating plate 10, and the left rotating plate 4 and the right rotating plate 10 are respectively and fixedly provided with a left transverse comb tooth 19 and a right transverse comb tooth 19; the inserting driving mechanism comprises an inserting driving motor 13 and a transmission gear set, the inserting driving motor 13 drives the left rotating plate 4 and the right rotating plate 10 to rotate through the transmission gear set, and the transverse comb teeth 19 fixed on the left rotating plate 4 and the right rotating plate 10 are respectively driven by the left rotating plate 4 and the right rotating plate 10 to insert into or withdraw from the pepper plants; the lateral direction represents the left-right direction of the operator, and the longitudinal direction represents the front-back direction of the operator; left side commentaries on classics board 4 and right side commentaries on classics board 10 are along reserving between horizontal and have the accommodation space who holds the hot pepper plant, of course, it can be by corotation and reversal to alternate driving motor 13, guarantees that the horizontal broach 19 that is located the left and right sides can fold relatively and insert and withdraw from the hot pepper plant with relative separation, inserts or withdraws from through commentaries on classics board drive broach, and simple structure is compact, and the drive is smooth and easy.
In this embodiment, the comb tooth assembly further comprises a left mounting plate and a right mounting plate for mounting the left rotating plate 4 and the right rotating plate 10, the left mounting plate and the right mounting plate are respectively fixed on the bottom plate 3 in a cantilever manner, the left mounting plate and the right mounting plate are both provided with bearing seats 11, the left rotating plate 4 and the right rotating plate 10 are both fixedly provided with rotating shafts, and the corresponding rotating shafts are mounted on the corresponding bearing seats 11 through rolling bearings; guarantee that the commentaries on classics board rotates smoothly, avoid blocking, do benefit to the structural strength height of broach subassembly, guarantee that the stability of device is high.
In this embodiment, the comb teeth assembly further comprises a vertical fixing plate 23 vertically fixed to the front edge of the bottom plate 3, and the front side surface of the vertical fixing plate 23 is fixedly provided with longitudinal comb teeth 21; the vertical fixing plate 23 is favorable for forming blocking, and the variable gear transmission assembly and the fixed pulley 22 are easy to jam; more importantly, the longitudinal comb teeth 21 are matched with the transverse comb teeth 19, so that the shedding rate of the peppers is further improved.
In this embodiment, the horizontal comb teeth 19 and the vertical comb teeth 21 are horizontal comb rods and vertical comb rods, respectively, the horizontal comb rods are plural and are fixed to the corresponding rotating plate in parallel along the vertical direction, and the vertical comb rods are plural and are fixed to the vertical fixing plate 23 in parallel along the horizontal direction; the suspended ends of the transverse combing rods and the longitudinal combing rods are sharp ends, so that the insertion is facilitated, the blocking is reduced, the structure is simple, and the installation is convenient.
In the embodiment, the rotating plate is provided with a strip-shaped mounting opening along the longitudinal direction, and the fixed ends of the plurality of transverse comb rods are matched with the strip-shaped mounting opening 15 through nuts 20 and are fixed on the rotating plate in a manner that the adjacent longitudinal intervals are adjustable; the outer circle of the fixed end of the transverse comb rod is provided with an external thread and is locked on the rotating plate through a nut 20; the mounting structure of the longitudinal comb teeth 21 can also be the mounting structure of the transverse comb teeth 19; the space between adjacent comb teeth can be adjusted according to different types of hot peppers, and the application range of the device is enlarged; the adjusting structure is simple and flexible.
In this embodiment, the lifting driving mechanism includes a lifting driving motor 8 fixed at the upper end of the frame 5, a fixed pulley 22 fixed on the bottom plate 3, and a cable 9 driving the bottom plate 3 to slide, wherein one end of the cable 9 is fixed with the upper end of the frame 5, and the other end of the cable passes through the fixed pulley 22 and then is fixed on a rotating shaft of the lifting driving motor 8; the lifting driving motor 8 rotates and winds the inhaul cable 9 to enable the inhaul cable 9 to drag the fixed pulley 22 to ascend so as to drive the bottom plate 3 to ascend; the winding drum 6 can be fixedly sleeved on a rotating shaft of the lifting driving motor 8, and the end part of the inhaul cable 9 is circumferentially fixed on the winding drum 6.
In this embodiment, the transmission gear set includes a left driven gear 18, a left driving gear 16, a right driving gear 17 and a right driven gear 14, which are meshed in sequence side by side, and the left driven gear 18 and the right driven gear 14 are respectively fixed on a rotating shaft of the left rotating plate 4 and a rotating shaft of the right rotating plate 10; the rotating shaft of the penetrating driving motor 13 is fixedly sleeved in the left driving gear 16 or the right driving gear 17; the left driving gear 16 and the right driving gear 17 are in constant-speed transmission, and the left driving gear 16 and the left driven gear 18 are in reduction transmission meshing with the right driving gear 17 and the right driven gear 14, so that the output of the rotating torque is increased, and the structure is simple and compact.
In this embodiment, the rack 5 includes two vertical rods arranged in parallel and a beam handle 7 fixed to the tops of the two vertical rods, the horizontal section of the vertical rods is rectangular, and the bottom plate 3 is provided with guide holes for the two vertical rods to pass through in a form-fitting manner; this frame 5 simple structure, can fix in the guiding hole and set up the sliding sleeve, two vertical poles and the sectional structure of rectangle do benefit to when guaranteeing that self structural strength is high, and stability is high when guaranteeing that bottom plate 3 slides.
In this embodiment, the traveling mechanism 1 is a roller 12 disposed between the lower ends of the two vertical rods; the device is convenient to move, and the single wheel is suitable for uneven ground; the bottom of the front side of the dustpan 2 is provided with a U-shaped groove for embedding pepper plants, and the U-shaped groove is used for embedding the roots of the lower ends of the pepper plants to ensure that the picking device effectively wraps the pepper plants.
Finally, the above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting, although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that modifications or equivalent substitutions may be made to the technical solutions of the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the present invention, and all of them should be covered in the claims of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a device is picked to small-size comb-tooth formula hot pepper which characterized in that: the pepper harvester comprises a rack, a walking mechanism arranged at the bottom of the rack, a comb tooth assembly arranged on the rack and capable of being in up-and-down single-degree-of-freedom sliding fit along the rack, a dustpan fixed on the rack and positioned on the lower side of the comb tooth assembly, an insertion driving mechanism used for driving comb teeth in the comb tooth assembly to be inserted into or withdrawn from pepper plants, and a lifting driving mechanism used for driving the comb tooth assembly to move in the up-and-down direction; the comb tooth assembly comprises a bottom plate which is in up-and-down sliding fit with the rack and a rotating plate which is rotatably arranged on the bottom plate and is provided with comb teeth; the rotating plate comprises a left rotating plate and a right rotating plate, and the left rotating plate and the right rotating plate are respectively and fixedly provided with left transverse comb teeth and right transverse comb teeth; the inserting driving mechanism comprises an inserting driving motor and a transmission gear group, the inserting driving motor drives the left rotating plate and the right rotating plate to rotate through the transmission gear group, and the transverse comb teeth fixed on the left rotating plate and the right rotating plate are respectively driven by the left rotating plate and the right rotating plate to insert into or withdraw from the pepper plants; the rack comprises two vertical rods arranged in parallel and a beam handle fixed at the tops of the two vertical rods, the horizontal section of each vertical rod is rectangular, and a guide hole for the two vertical rods to penetrate through is formed in a shape-fitting manner on a bottom plate;
the comb tooth assembly further comprises a left mounting plate and a right mounting plate which are used for mounting the left rotating plate and the right rotating plate, the left mounting plate and the right mounting plate are respectively fixed on the bottom plate in a cantilever mode, the left mounting plate and the right mounting plate are respectively provided with a bearing seat, the left rotating plate and the right rotating plate are respectively fixedly provided with a rotating shaft, and the corresponding rotating shafts are mounted on the corresponding bearing seats through rolling bearings;
the comb tooth assembly further comprises a vertical fixing plate which is vertically fixed on the front edge of the bottom plate, and longitudinal comb teeth are fixedly arranged on the front side face of the vertical fixing plate.
2. The small comb-tooth type pepper picking device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the horizontal comb teeth and the longitudinal comb teeth are respectively horizontal comb rods and longitudinal comb rods, the horizontal comb rods are multiple and are longitudinally fixed on the corresponding rotating plates in parallel, and the longitudinal comb rods are multiple and are transversely fixed on the vertical fixing plates in parallel.
3. The small comb-tooth type pepper picking device as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the rotating plate is longitudinally provided with a strip-shaped mounting opening, and the fixed ends of the plurality of transverse comb rods are fixed on the rotating plate in an adjacent longitudinal distance adjustable mode through the matching of nuts and the strip-shaped mounting opening.
4. The small comb-tooth type pepper picking device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the lifting driving mechanism comprises a lifting driving motor fixed at the upper end of the rack, a fixed pulley fixed on the bottom plate and a guy cable for driving the bottom plate to slide, wherein one end of the guy cable is fixed with the upper end of the rack, and the other end of the guy cable penetrates through the fixed pulley and then is fixed on a rotating shaft of the lifting driving motor; the lifting driving motor drives the fixed pulley to ascend by rotating and winding the inhaul cable so as to drive the bottom plate to ascend.
5. The small comb-tooth type pepper picking device as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the transmission gear set comprises a left driven gear, a left driving gear, a right driving gear and a right driven gear which are meshed in sequence side by side, and the left driven gear and the right driven gear are respectively fixedly sleeved on a rotating shaft of the left rotating plate and a rotating shaft of the right rotating plate; and the rotating shaft penetrating through the driving motor is fixedly sleeved in the left driving gear or the right driving gear.
6. The small comb-tooth type pepper picking device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the walking mechanism is a roller arranged between the lower ends of the two vertical rods; the bottom of the front side of the dustpan is provided with a U-shaped groove for embedding pepper plants.
CN201711176846.0A 2017-11-22 2017-11-22 Small comb-tooth type pepper picking device Active CN107750624B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711176846.0A CN107750624B (en) 2017-11-22 2017-11-22 Small comb-tooth type pepper picking device

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CN107750624B true CN107750624B (en) 2020-03-10

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108633466A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-12 浙江农林大学 Curry the electronic leaf picking collection machine of formula
CN114793623A (en) * 2022-04-28 2022-07-29 温州科技职业学院 Roselle flower picking and seed removing all-in-one machine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
BE1018095A3 (en) * 2008-04-10 2010-05-04 Lefever N V Nv DEVICE FOR COLLECTING FRUITS DURING HARVESTING.
CN202841926U (en) * 2012-03-24 2013-04-03 杨苏强 Chain pepper harvester
CN202773411U (en) * 2012-09-20 2013-03-13 朱泽 Hot pepper picking machine
CN105325117B (en) * 2015-11-18 2017-06-16 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of capsicum annum fasciculatum is plucked and stalk cleaning equipment
CN205546580U (en) * 2016-04-14 2016-09-07 宣威市太坤调味品厂 Automatic device of picking of hot pepper
CN106717549B (en) * 2016-12-05 2019-03-12 华南农业大学 One kind staggeredly combing row's formula lichee collecting cart

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