CN114793623A - Roselle flower picking and seed removing all-in-one machine - Google Patents

Roselle flower picking and seed removing all-in-one machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114793623A
CN114793623A CN202210469484.9A CN202210469484A CN114793623A CN 114793623 A CN114793623 A CN 114793623A CN 202210469484 A CN202210469484 A CN 202210469484A CN 114793623 A CN114793623 A CN 114793623A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
picking
seed
roselle
cover
covers
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Pending
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CN202210469484.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王伟
卢珊
徐双双
王航英
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Wenzhou Polytechnic
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Wenzhou Polytechnic
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Priority to CN202210469484.9A priority Critical patent/CN114793623A/en
Publication of CN114793623A publication Critical patent/CN114793623A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • A01D45/30Harvesting of standing crops of grass-seeds or like seeds

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of roselle harvesting and processing equipment, and particularly discloses a roselle seed picking and removing integrated machine which comprises a picking mechanism, a conveying mechanism and a seed removing device, wherein the picking mechanism comprises two symmetrically arranged picking covers, one ends of the two picking covers are rotatably connected, opposite surfaces of the two picking covers are arranged in an open manner, a rotating roller is arranged in each picking cover, a plurality of material stirring rods are arranged on a roller body of the rotating roller, a driving mechanism for realizing synchronous lifting and rotating motion of the rotating roller is arranged on each picking cover, and the lower end of the inner side of each picking cover is connected with a material guide channel; the two rotating rollers synchronously rotate reversely in the synchronous lifting process only through the lifting action of the vertical telescopic device, the linkage is strong, the flower heads on all plants can be effectively pulled off, and the using effect is excellent; in addition, the automatic separation of seeds and petals can be realized through the seed removing device, the seed removing efficiency of the roselle is greatly improved, and the using effect is excellent.

Description

Roselle flower picking and seed removing all-in-one machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of roselle harvesting and processing equipment, and particularly discloses a roselle picking and seed removing integrated machine.
Background
Roselle, also known as roselle, has calyx shaped and light purple color, and is rich in protein, organic acid, Vc, various amino acids, a large amount of natural pigments and various minerals. Hibiscus sabdariffa is a new food and food industrial raw material, and its calyx can be made into various foods. The gorgeous roselle pigment of the calyx is a colorant in food, and the tissue structure and the taste of the pigment are often made into preserved fruits or preserved fruits, so the pigment has fragrant, sweet and delicious taste and unique taste, and is popular and loved by consumers.
At present, roselle needs to be picked manually due to the structural characteristics of roselle in the planting and harvesting process, and then seeds of the roselle are removed by using a tool after the roselle is picked, and the roselle can be conveniently made into preserved fruits after the seeds are removed. The labor intensity is high in the process of manually picking the roselle, the picking efficiency is low, in addition, the sanitary safety of the roselle cannot be guaranteed through manual seed removing operation, and safety accidents such as stabbing are easily caused by the use of self-made appliances in the seed removing process. Therefore, to current artifical picking intensity of labour of roselle big, pick inefficiency, artifical seed removal health can't guarantee, and be stabbed by the utensil easily not enough, the application provides a roselle is adopted and is plucked seed all-in-one in order to solve current manual operation's not enough.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to design a roselle seed picking and removing integrated machine aiming at the defects that the labor intensity is high, the picking efficiency is low, the manual seed removing sanitation cannot be guaranteed, the roselle seed removing hygiene is easy to stab by an appliance and the like in the conventional manual picking of roselle.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a Roselle seed picking and removing integrated machine comprises a picking mechanism, a conveying mechanism and a seed removing device, wherein the picking mechanism comprises two symmetrically arranged picking covers, one ends of the two picking covers are rotatably connected, opposite surfaces of the two picking covers are arranged in an open manner, a rotating roller is arranged in each picking cover, a plurality of material stirring rods are arranged on a roller body of the rotating roller, the material stirring rods on the two rotating rollers are arranged in a staggered manner, a driving mechanism for realizing synchronous lifting and rotating motion of the rotating rollers is arranged on each picking cover, the lower end of the inner side of each picking cover is connected with a material guide channel, and the material guide channel extends out of the picking cover and extends towards one end of the conveying mechanism;
conveying mechanism includes the silo that connects that links up with the guide passageway outer end, it is provided with the conveyer to connect the tilt up in the silo, be connected with two horizontal guide plates from top to bottom on the side of conveyer, set up the guide way that is the splayed on the horizontal guide plate, equal symmetry is provided with two montants in the guide way of two horizontal guide plates, every be connected with the movable rod on the montant, the tip of movable rod rotates with the harvesting cover that corresponds to be connected, two be provided with the push-and-pull plate between the montant, a straight groove has been seted up on the push-and-pull plate, and two montants run through a straight groove and be connected with the push-and-pull plate, still be provided with horizontal telescoping device on the conveyer, horizontal telescoping device's tip is connected with the push-and-pull plate, the upper end of conveyer is connected with the device of planting.
As the concrete setting of above-mentioned scheme, the seed removing device is including processing quick-witted case, the inside of processing machine case is provided with the branch workbin that is connected with the conveyer upper end, the lower surface of branch workbin is connected with a plurality of unloading pipes, is located be provided with under the branch workbin and remove kind conveyer belt and seed metering conveyer belt, and remove kind conveyer belt and seed metering conveyer belt from top to bottom interval, around just misplace the setting in the transmission frame, it is equipped with a plurality of flower head locating holes to go to separate on the kind conveyer belt, is located the upper right side that goes kind conveyer belt is provided with the flower kind and dashes the mechanism that falls, is located be provided with the kind of cushion in the kind of conveyer belt that goes that the flower kind dashes the mechanism below that falls, and the side that just dashes kind of cushion towards the seed metering conveyer belt is the slope form setting.
As the concrete setting of above-mentioned scheme, the flower kind dashes and falls the mechanism and includes drift connecting plate and a plurality of drifts, and a plurality of drifts are equidistant to be connected at the lower surface of drift connecting plate, the both ends of drift connecting plate are run through and are provided with the guide bar, the upper end and the processing machine case upper wall of guide bar are connected mutually, and the lower extreme is provided with the limiting plate, and is provided with the spring between limiting plate and the drift connecting plate, the upper wall of processing machine case is provided with cam motor, be connected with the cam that acts on the drift connecting plate on cam motor's output shaft.
As a further arrangement of the above scheme, the upper surface of the punch connecting plate is provided with a wear-resistant projection which is abutted with the cam.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the flower seed receiving box is arranged at the left lower end inside the processing machine case, and the petal receiving box is arranged at the right lower end inside the processing machine case.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the lower surfaces of the picking cover and the processing case are respectively provided with universal idler wheels, the lower end of the conveyor is provided with a ground walking wheel, and the upper surface of the processing case is fixedly provided with a connecting frame connected with agricultural equipment.
As the concrete setting of above-mentioned scheme, vertical spout has all been seted up to the front and back both sides wall of picking the cover, all be provided with limiting slide in the vertical spout, the both ends roller of rotatory roller is connected with the bearing among the limiting slide, actuating mechanism is including setting up the gear and the vertical rack of setting on picking the cover at rotatory roller tip, and the gear meshes the setting with vertical rack mutually, is located picking of vertical spout top is covered and is fixed with vertical telescoping device, the lower extreme of vertical telescoping device is connected with the lifter that is connected with limiting slide.
According to the scheme, the side face, close to one side of the conveying mechanism, of the picking cover is provided with the dust cover, the gear and the vertical rack are arranged in the dust cover, and the vertical telescopic device is arranged on the upper surface of the dust cover.
According to the further arrangement of the scheme, the material guide channel is obliquely and downwards arranged in the picking cover, a vibration spring is connected between the inner end of the material guide channel and the bottom wall of the picking cover, a vibration motor is arranged at the lower end of the outer surface of the picking cover, the inner end of an output shaft of the vibration motor, which extends into the picking cover, is connected with a vibration cam part, and the vibration cam part is abutted to the bottom wall of the material guide channel.
As a further arrangement of the scheme, the bottom wall of each picking cover is provided with an arc-shaped notch, and the two arc-shaped notches when the picking covers are closed form a clamping opening which can vertically pass through roselle plants.
Has the advantages that:
1) the invention discloses an integrated machine, when picking roselle on a plant, two picking covers are moved to two sides of the plant, then a horizontal telescopic device is started to pull a push-pull plate backwards, at the moment, the two picking covers can be closed and the whole plant can be covered under the action of a movable rod, a vertical rod and a guide groove, then a vertical telescopic device is started to pull a limit slide block upwards along a vertical sliding groove, so that two rotating rollers synchronously ascend, the two rotating rollers synchronously ascend due to the meshing action of a gear and a rack at the end part of a roller shaft in the synchronous ascending process of the two rotating rollers, the two rotating rollers synchronously reversely rotate, in the rotating process of the rotating rollers, a flower head on the plant can be clamped in a gap between adjacent material poking rods through the material poking rods on the outer surfaces of the two rotating rollers, and then the flower head is torn off (or pulled off) from the plant under the action of the two material poking rods, when the two rotating rollers are lifted from bottom to top once, all roselle heads on the whole plant can be picked; the whole picking structure is ingenious in design, only can make two rotatory rollers synchronous counter-rotation in the in-process that rises in step through vertical telescoping device's lifting action, and its linkage is stronger, can effectively pull down the effect of using excellence to the flower head on all plants.
2) The invention also arranges a material guiding channel extending backwards at the inner lower end of the picking cover, the pulled flower head can be input into the inner side of the picking cover and then falls on the material guiding channel; in addition, the material guide channel is arranged in a downward inclined mode, the vibration spring and the vibration cam are arranged, the vibration cam acts on the material guide channel in the discharging process, the material guide channel can slightly vibrate up and down, the discharging process of the flower head in the material receiving groove on the material guide channel is accelerated, and the subsequent processing efficiency of removing seeds of the flower head is improved.
3) The seed removing device comprises a seed separating box, a plurality of punching heads, a plurality of cams, a plurality of punching heads, a plurality of positioning holes, a plurality of punching heads, a plurality of pressing head positioning holes and a plurality of pressing head positioning holes, wherein the pressing head positioning holes are formed in the pressing head positioning holes; it has realized that it removes kind of process to the flower head streamlined of picking to whole seed removing device, has greatly improved the kind course of working that removes of roselle, but also can discharge seed and petal into different collection casees respectively through two conveyer belts, need not follow-up manual sorting, has greatly improved the efficiency of removing kind to roselle, and the result of use is excellent.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a first angular perspective structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a first angular perspective structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top plan view of the picker mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a first-angle perspective structure of a picking cap of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a second angular perspective structure of a picking cap of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a rotary roller, a kick-off lever, a gear, etc. according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the front view of the internal plane structure of the receiving trough and the conveyor of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the interior plan view of the processing machine case of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic perspective view of a seed removing conveyor belt and a seed discharging conveyor belt according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic perspective view of the flower seed falling mechanism of the present invention.
Wherein, 1-picking mechanism, 101-picking cover, 1011-vertical chute, 102-rotating roller, 103-material stirring rod, 104-driving mechanism, 105-material guiding channel, 106-limit slider, 107-gear, 108-vertical rack, 109-vertical telescopic device, 110-lifting rod, 111-dust cover, 112-vibrating spring, 113-vibrating motor, 114-vibrating cam member, 115-arc notch;
2-conveying mechanism, 200-push-pull plate, 201-material receiving groove, 202-conveyor, 203-horizontal guide plate, 2031-guide groove, 204-vertical rod, 205-movable rod, 206-horizontal telescopic device and 207-ground wheel;
3-seed removing device, 301-processing cabinet, 302-distributing box, 303-discharging pipe, 304-seed removing conveyor belt, 3041-flower head positioning hole, 305-seed discharging conveyor belt, 306-flower seed flushing mechanism, 307-seed flushing cushion block, 308-flower seed receiving box and 309-petal receiving box;
3061-punch connecting plate, 3062-punch, 3063-guide rod, 3064-limit plate, 3065-spring, 3066-cam motor, 3067-cam and 3068-wear-resistant convex block.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions better understood by those skilled in the art, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only partial embodiments of the present application, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict. The present application will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings 1 to 10, in conjunction with the embodiments.
Example 1
This embodiment 1 discloses a roselle picking machine, and referring to fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 3, the body including the picking machine includes a picking mechanism 1 and a conveying mechanism 2. Wherein, picking mechanism 1 includes the picking cover 101 that two symmetries set up, and realize rotating the connection through round pin axle or hinge with two one ends of picking cover 101, and with the uncovered setting of the opposite face of two picking covers 101, seted up arc notch 115 on the diapire of picking cover 101, two arc notches 115 when picking cover 101 closure have formed the mouth that presss from both sides that can pass through the rosette plant from top to bottom, can conveniently pack into whole rosette plant when two picking covers 101 open.
Referring to fig. 4, 5 and 6, a rotating roller 102 is arranged in each picking cap 101, a plurality of material poking rods 103 are arranged on the roller body of the rotating roller 102, and the material poking rods 103 on the two rotating rollers 102 are arranged in a staggered mode. When the roselle plants are placed in the picking covers 101 after being closed, the material poking rods 103 on the rotating rollers 102 rotate in a staggered mode through synchronous reverse rotation of the two rotating rollers 102, and then rosettes are placed between the two material poking rods 103 and pulled down by the rotating material poking rods 103. A driving mechanism 104 for realizing synchronous lifting and rotating motion of the rotating roller 102 is provided on the picking cap 101.
During specific setting, vertical sliding grooves 1011 are formed in the front side wall and the rear side wall of the picking cover 101, limiting sliding blocks 106 are arranged in the front vertical sliding grooves 1011 and the rear vertical sliding grooves 1011, roller shafts at two ends of the rotating roller 102 are connected with bearings in the limiting sliding blocks 106, the driving mechanism 104 comprises a gear 107 arranged at the end part of the roller shaft of the rotating roller 102 and a vertical rack 108 arranged on the picking cover 101, and the gear 107 is meshed with the vertical rack 108. In addition, a dust cover 111 is arranged on the side surface of the picking cover 101 close to the conveying mechanism 2, the gear 107 and the vertical rack 108 are arranged in the dust cover 111, then a vertical telescopic device 109 is arranged on the upper surface of the dust cover 111, the vertical telescopic device 109 can be a hydraulic telescopic rod, then a lifting rod 110 is connected to the lower end of the vertical telescopic device 109, and the lower end of the lifting rod 110 is connected with the limit slider 106. The rotating roller 102 in the corresponding picking cover 101 can be driven to move up and down by the extension or shortening of the vertical telescopic device 109, the rotating roller 102 can rotate synchronously due to the meshing effect between the gear 107 and the vertical rack 108 in the up-and-down moving process, and then the rosette heads on plants are pulled out by the material pulling rod 103 in the rotating process of the rotating roller 102.
In addition, the lower ends of the inner sides of the picking covers 101 are connected with material guide channels 105, and the material guide channels 105 extend out of the picking covers 101 and extend towards one end of the conveying mechanism 2. In order to accelerate the discharge of the rosette head pulled out by the material pulling rod 103, the material guide channel 105 is also arranged in the picking cap 101 in an inclined downward manner. A vibration spring 112 is connected between the inner end of the material guide channel 105 and the bottom wall of the picking cover 101, a vibration motor 113 is arranged at the lower end of the outer surface of the picking cover 101, the inner end of an output shaft of the vibration motor 113 extending into the picking cover 101 is connected with a vibration cam member 114, and the vibration cam member 114 is abutted against the bottom wall of the material guide channel 105. The vibrating cam member 114 is driven by the vibrating motor 113 to rotate endlessly, and the guide channel 105 can vibrate endlessly under the action of the vibrating spring 112, so that the discharge of the rosette head along the guide channel 105 is accelerated.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 3 and 7, the conveying mechanism 2 in this embodiment includes a receiving groove 201 engaged with an outer end of the material guiding passage 105 so that the rosette discharged from the material guiding passage 105 can fall into the receiving groove 201. A conveyor 202 is obliquely arranged in the receiving groove 201 upwards, and particularly, the conveyor 202 can be a scraper conveyor. An upper horizontal guide plate 203 and a lower horizontal guide plate 203 are connected to the side face of the conveyor 202, a splayed guide groove 2031 is formed in each horizontal guide plate 203, two vertical rods 204 are symmetrically arranged in the guide grooves 2031 of the two horizontal guide plates 203, a movable rod 205 is connected to each vertical rod 204, and the end part of each movable rod 205 is rotatably connected with the corresponding picking cover 101. A push-pull plate 200 is arranged between the two vertical rods 204, a straight groove is formed in the push-pull plate 200, the two vertical rods 204 penetrate through the straight groove to be connected with the push-pull plate 200, a horizontal expansion device 206 is further arranged on the conveyor 202, the horizontal expansion device 206 can be a hydraulic cylinder, the end portion of the horizontal expansion device 206 is connected with the push-pull plate 205, and the upper end of the conveyor 202 is connected with the seed removing device 3.
The rosette head falling into the receiving chute 201 in this embodiment can enter the storage bin or enter the processing machine box for seed removal processing under the transportation of the conveyor 202. In addition, the push-pull plate 20 can be close to or far away from the picking mechanism 1 through the extension or contraction of the hydraulic cylinder, and the two picking covers 101 can be opened or closed through the action of the vertical rods 204 and the guide grooves 2031 on the horizontal guide plate 203.
Example 2
The embodiment 2 discloses a roselle picking and seed removing all-in-one machine, referring to fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 3, the main body comprising the picking machine comprises a picking mechanism 1, a conveying mechanism 2 and a seed removing device 3, the picking mechanism 1 and the conveying mechanism 2 in the embodiment 2 are the same as those in the comparison document 1, and a description is not provided again here, and the seed removing device 3 in the embodiment 2 is described in detail below with reference to fig. 8, fig. 9 and fig. 10.
In the present embodiment 2, a discharging pipe 208 is connected to the upper end of the conveyor 202, and the discharging pipe 208 is connected to the seed removing device 3. The specific seed removing device 3 comprises a processing cabinet 301, a material distribution box 302 is arranged inside the processing cabinet 301, and the upper end of the material distribution box 302 is communicated with the discharging pipeline 208. A plurality of blanking pipes 303 are connected to the lower surface of the material distributing box 302, and three blanking pipes 303 are arranged at equal intervals in the figure.
A seed removing conveyor belt 304 and a seed sowing conveyor belt 305 are arranged right below the distributing box 302, the seed removing conveyor belt 304 and the seed sowing conveyor belt 305 are arranged in the transmission base 300 at intervals up and down and staggered front and back, and the whole transmission base 300 is fixedly arranged in the processing machine box 301. A plurality of flower head positioning holes 3041 are equally spaced on the seed removing conveyor belt 304, and the distance between two adjacent flower head positioning holes 3041 is equal to the distance of the discharging pipe 303. So that the rosette heads falling from three blanking pipes 303 at a time can be positioned in the head positioning holes 3041. A flower seed flushing mechanism 306 is arranged at the upper right part of the seed removing conveyor 304, a seed flushing block 307 is arranged in the seed removing conveyor 304 below the flower seed flushing mechanism 306, and the side surface of the seed flushing block 307 facing the seed discharging conveyor 305 is arranged in an inclined shape.
Specifically, the flower seed washing mechanism 306 includes a punch connecting plate 3061 and a plurality of punches 3062, the plurality of punches 3062 are connected to the lower surface of the punch connecting plate 3061 at equal intervals, both ends of the punch connecting plate 3061 are provided with guide rods 3063 in a penetrating manner, the upper ends of the guide rods 3063 are connected to the upper wall of the processing machine case 301, the lower ends are provided with limit plates 3064, springs 3065 are arranged between the limit plates 3064 and the punch connecting plate 3061, the upper wall of the processing machine case 301 is provided with a cam motor 3066, and the output shaft of the cam motor 3066 is connected with a cam 3067 acting on the punch connecting plate 3061. In addition, in order to increase the wear-resistant effect of the punch connecting plate 3061, a wear-resistant protrusion 3068 that abuts the cam 3067 is further provided on the upper surface of the punch connecting plate 3061.
The seed removing device in this embodiment is that the seed removing conveyor belt 304 carries several rosette heads to be removed to the position right below the punch 3062 at a time, then the cam motor 3066 is controlled to rotate for a circle, the whole connecting plate 3061 and the plurality of punches 3062 are pressed down by the action of the cam 3067, the punch 3062 is pressed down to the rosette heads to flush the seeds inside, and the seeds fall on the seed flushing cushion 307 and then roll down to the seed discharging conveyor belt 305, and the petals after being removed are left in the flower head positioning holes 3041.
In addition, in this embodiment, a flower seed receiving box 308 is further disposed at the left lower end inside the processing machine box 301, and a petal receiving box 309 is disposed at the right lower end inside the processing machine box 301. The roselle seeds rolled onto the seed-discharging conveyor belt 305 are discharged into the flower seed receiving box 308 along with the seed-discharging conveyor belt 305, and the petals left in the flower head positioning holes 3041 fall into the petal receiving box 309 in the process of turning over along with the movement of the seed-removing conveyor belt 304 to the right end, so that the whole process of removing the roselle seeds (separating the petals from the seeds) is realized.
Finally, it should be noted that in this embodiment 2, universal rollers 310 are disposed on the lower surfaces of the picking cover 101 and the processing machine case 301, and the ground wheels 204 are disposed at the lower end of the conveyor 202, and the arrangement of the universal rollers 310 and the ground wheels 204 can facilitate the movement of the whole all-in-one machine. In addition, the seed removing device in the all-in-one machine can be arranged in the agricultural machinery, or a connecting frame 311 connected with the agricultural machinery is fixed on the upper surface of the processing case 301, and the whole all-in-one machine is connected with the agricultural machinery through the connecting frame 311 in a lap joint mode, so that the moving process of the whole all-in-one machine can be achieved.
The present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The Roselle seed picking and removing integrated machine is characterized by comprising a picking mechanism (1), a conveying mechanism (2) and a seed removing device (3), wherein the picking mechanism (1) comprises two picking covers (101) which are symmetrically arranged, one ends of the two picking covers (101) are rotatably connected to realize the opening and closing processes of the picking covers, the opposite surfaces of the two picking covers (101) are arranged in an open manner, each picking cover (101) is internally provided with a rotating roller (102), the roller body of the rotating roller (102) is provided with a plurality of material stirring rods (103), the material stirring rods (103) on the two rotating rollers (102) are arranged in a staggered manner, the picking covers (101) are provided with driving mechanisms (104) for realizing the synchronous lifting and the rotating motion of the rotating rollers (102), the lower ends of the inner sides of the picking covers (101) are connected with material guide channels (105), and the material guide channels (105) extend out of the picking covers (101) and extend towards one ends of the conveying mechanism (2), the upper end of the conveying mechanism (2) is connected with the seed removing device (3).
2. The all-in-one machine for picking and planting roselle according to claim 1, wherein the conveying mechanism (2) comprises a material receiving groove (201) connected with the outer end of the material guiding channel (105), a conveyor (202) is arranged in the material receiving groove (201) in an upward inclined manner, the side surface of the conveyor (202) is connected with an upper horizontal guide plate and a lower horizontal guide plate (203), a splayed guide groove (2031) is formed in each horizontal guide plate (203), two vertical rods (204) are symmetrically arranged in the guide grooves (2031) of the two horizontal guide plates (203), each vertical rod (204) is connected with a movable rod (205), the end part of each movable rod (205) is rotatably connected with the corresponding picking cover (101), a push-pull plate (200) is arranged between the two vertical rods (204), a straight groove is formed in each push-pull plate (200), and the two vertical rods (204) penetrate through the straight groove and are connected with the push-pull plate (200), the conveyor (202) is also provided with a horizontal telescopic device (206), and the end part of the horizontal telescopic device (206) is connected with a push-pull plate (205).
3. The roselle picking and seed removing integrated machine according to claim 2, wherein the seed removing device (3) comprises a processing case (301), a seed separating box (302) connected with the upper end of a conveyor (202) is arranged inside the processing case (301), a plurality of discharging pipes (303) are connected to the lower surface of the seed separating box (302), a seed removing conveyor belt (304) and a seed discharging conveyor belt (305) are arranged under the seed separating box (302), the seed removing conveyor belt (304) and the seed discharging conveyor belt (305) are vertically spaced and are arranged in a conveying base (300) in a front-back staggered manner, a plurality of flower head positioning holes (3041) are arranged at equal intervals on the seed removing conveyor belt (304), a flower seed flushing mechanism (306) is arranged at the upper right side of the seed removing conveyor belt (304), and seed flushing blocks (307) are arranged in the seed removing conveyor belt (304) under the flower seed flushing mechanism (306), and the side surface of the seed punching cushion block (307) facing the seed sowing conveyor belt (305) is arranged in an inclined shape.
4. The all-in-one machine for picking and removing the seeds of the roselle according to claim 3, wherein the roselle seed falling mechanism (306) comprises a punch connecting plate (3061) and a plurality of punches (3062), the plurality of punches (3062) are connected to the lower surface of the punch connecting plate (3061) at equal intervals, guide rods (3063) penetrate through two ends of the punch connecting plate (3061), the upper end of each guide rod (3063) is connected with the upper wall of the processing case (301), a limiting plate (3064) is arranged at the lower end of each guide rod, a spring (3065) is arranged between each limiting plate (3064) and the punch connecting plate (3061), a cam motor (3066) is arranged on the upper wall of the processing case (301), and a cam (3067) acting on the punch connecting plate (3061) is connected to an output shaft of the cam motor (3066).
5. The all-in-one machine for picking and removing roselle seeds of claim 3, wherein a flower seed receiving box (308) is arranged at the left lower end inside the processing case (301), and a petal receiving box (309) is arranged at the right lower end inside the processing case (301).
6. The all-in-one machine for picking and removing roselle seeds according to claim 3, wherein the lower surfaces of the picking cover (101) and the processing case (301) are respectively provided with a universal roller (310), the lower end of the conveyor (202) is provided with a ground walking wheel (204), and the upper surface of the processing case (301) is fixedly provided with a connecting frame (311) connected with agricultural machinery.
7. The all-in-one machine for picking and planting roselle according to claim 2, wherein vertical sliding grooves (1011) are formed in the front side wall and the rear side wall of the picking cover (101), limiting sliding blocks (106) are arranged in the vertical sliding grooves (1011), roller shafts at two ends of the rotating roller (102) are connected with bearings in the limiting sliding blocks (106), the driving mechanism (104) comprises a gear (107) arranged at the end part of the roller shaft of the rotating roller (102) and a vertical rack (108) arranged on the picking cover (101), the gear (107) is meshed with the vertical rack (108), a vertical telescopic device (109) is fixed on the picking cover (101) above the vertical sliding grooves (1011), and the lower end of the vertical telescopic device (109) is connected with a lifting rod (110) connected with the limiting sliding blocks (106).
8. The all-in-one machine for picking and planting roselle according to claim 7, characterized in that a dust cover (111) is arranged on the side of the picking cover (101) close to one side of the conveying mechanism (2), a gear (107) and a vertical rack (108) are both arranged in the dust cover (111), and the vertical telescopic device (109) is arranged on the upper surface of the dust cover (111).
9. The all-in-one machine for picking and planting roselle according to claim 1, wherein the material guide channel (105) is obliquely and downwards arranged in the picking cover (101), a vibration spring (112) is connected between the inner end of the material guide channel (105) and the bottom wall of the picking cover (101), a vibration motor (113) is arranged at the lower end of the outer surface of the picking cover (101), a vibration cam piece (114) is connected to the inner end of an output shaft of the vibration motor (113) extending into the picking cover (101), and the vibration cam piece (114) abuts against the bottom wall of the material guide channel (105).
10. The all-in-one machine for picking and planting roselle according to claim 1, wherein the bottom wall of the picking covers (101) is provided with arc-shaped notches (115), and the arc-shaped notches (115) of the two picking covers (101) when closed form a clamping opening capable of passing roselle plants up and down.
CN202210469484.9A 2022-04-28 2022-04-28 Roselle flower picking and seed removing all-in-one machine Pending CN114793623A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210469484.9A CN114793623A (en) 2022-04-28 2022-04-28 Roselle flower picking and seed removing all-in-one machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210469484.9A CN114793623A (en) 2022-04-28 2022-04-28 Roselle flower picking and seed removing all-in-one machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN114793623A true CN114793623A (en) 2022-07-29

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202210469484.9A Pending CN114793623A (en) 2022-04-28 2022-04-28 Roselle flower picking and seed removing all-in-one machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205040617U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-02-24 曾小虎 Date drying device that denucleates
CN107750624A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-03-06 西南大学 A kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device
CN207885217U (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-09-21 东北林业大学 It is a kind of can bidirectional walking blueberry picking machine
CN108633466A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-12 浙江农林大学 Curry the electronic leaf picking collection machine of formula
CN108811724A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-16 宿州市旭龙生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of portable backpack cotton picking deseeding device
CN113016352A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-06-25 浙江理工大学 Self-propelled oil tea fruit picking machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205040617U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-02-24 曾小虎 Date drying device that denucleates
CN107750624A (en) * 2017-11-22 2018-03-06 西南大学 A kind of small-sized comb-tooth-type pepper picking device
CN207885217U (en) * 2018-02-07 2018-09-21 东北林业大学 It is a kind of can bidirectional walking blueberry picking machine
CN108633466A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-12 浙江农林大学 Curry the electronic leaf picking collection machine of formula
CN108811724A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-16 宿州市旭龙生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of portable backpack cotton picking deseeding device
CN113016352A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-06-25 浙江理工大学 Self-propelled oil tea fruit picking machine

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