CN110073804A - A kind of deduction formula pineapple picker - Google Patents

A kind of deduction formula pineapple picker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110073804A
CN110073804A CN201910184236.8A CN201910184236A CN110073804A CN 110073804 A CN110073804 A CN 110073804A CN 201910184236 A CN201910184236 A CN 201910184236A CN 110073804 A CN110073804 A CN 110073804A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pineapple
guiding groove
mounting rack
screw
guide bracket
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Granted
Application number
CN201910184236.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110073804B (en
Inventor
严一尔
叶土仙
黎子良
李创锌
陈耿强
刘长红
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Guangzhou University
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Guangzhou University
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Priority to CN201910184236.8A priority Critical patent/CN110073804B/en
Publication of CN110073804A publication Critical patent/CN110073804A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110073804B publication Critical patent/CN110073804B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D45/00Harvesting of standing crops
    • A01D45/002Harvesting of standing crops of pineapples

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of deduction formula pineapple pickers.The deduction formula pineapple picker includes mounting rack, the downside of mounting rack is equipped with traveling wheel or traveling crawler, guide bracket is installed on mounting rack, guide bracket is equipped with the guiding groove entered for pineapple tree, the guide bracket is equipped with thrust mechanism in the side of guiding groove, thrust mechanism is used to push the pineapple in guiding groove and so that pineapple is broken from pineapple tree and fall, elevating mechanism is also equipped on the mounting rack, guiding groove is adjusted to and pineapple bottom isometry position by elevating mechanism for driving guide bracket to move up and down.In use, guide bracket is adjusted to by elevating mechanism is flush with pineapple bottom, thrust mechanism movement pushes pineapple, and makes pineapple is disconnected from pineapple tree to fall for pineapple picker of the invention.Pineapple picker in compared with the prior art, deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention avoid by the way of inferring and screw pineapple or pineapple tree, reduce the damage to the seedling on pineapple and pineapple tree.

Description

A kind of deduction formula pineapple picker
Technical field
The present invention relates to pineapple picker technical fields, more particularly to a kind of deduction formula pineapple picker.
Background technique
Pineapple, stem is short, and leaf is most, and the arrangement of lotus throne formula, sword-shaped, top is tapering, full edge or has sharp mouth, outside of belly green, the back side Often band maroon, the leaf being born at the top of inflorescence become smaller, often take on a red color for powder green, edge and top.Inflorescence is extracted out in leafage, shape Such as the pinecone;Bract basal green, upper half pale red, triangular shape are oval;Sepal width egg shape, meat, top band are red;Petal is long Ellipse, end point, top aubergine, lower part white.Collective fruits meat.Summer at florescence to winter.Fujian China, Guangdong, Hainan, There is cultivation in Guangxi, Yunnan.American torrid zone area is originated in, is one of famous tropical fruit (tree).
Currently, only a small number of orchard workers have the auxiliary picker of semi-machine formula, domestic and international pineapple mainly manually to adopt entirely The pineapple picking mechanical possessed in the market based on plucking is still in the initial development stage.Application publication number is in CN109247129A State's invention patent application discloses a kind of pineapple picker, which includes installation frame, lifting apparatus, transverse direction Mobile device, longitudinal moving device and stripper unit, are provided with multiple supporting leg columns below installation frame, under supporting leg column End is mounted on traveling wheel, multiple connecting rods is also arranged in parallel on the supporting leg column, the lifting apparatus is mounted on connection On bar, and the bottom side of the output end of lifting apparatus and installation frame connects, and longitudinal moving device is fixedly mounted on installation frame On, horizontal mobile device is connected to the downside of the output end of longitudinal moving device, is equipped on the output end of horizontal mobile device First mounting plate is additionally provided with lifting device on mounting plate, the second mounting plate is provided on the output end of lifting device, wins dress It sets and is mounted on the second mounting plate, there are also the rotating devices of driving stripper unit rotation for the second mounting plate.The pineapple picker By way of grabbing and twisting into two parts, the picking efficiency of pineapple is improved.But pineapple is different from other fruits and vegetables, quality is big, should Pineapple picker is not easy to grab and twist into two parts;And the pineapple picker probably injured during twisting into two parts pineapple and Seedling on pineapple tree.
Summary of the invention
To solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of deduction formula pineapple pickers, to solve in the prior art Pineapple picker there is technical issues that on easy damaged pineapple and pineapple tree in picking process.
The technical solution of deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention is:
A kind of deduction formula pineapple picker includes mounting rack, and the downside of the mounting rack is equipped with traveling wheel or walking is carried out Band, is equipped with guide bracket on the mounting rack, and the guide bracket is equipped with the guiding groove entered for pineapple tree, the guide bracket in The side of guiding groove is equipped with thrust mechanism, and the thrust mechanism is for pushing the pineapple in guiding groove and making pineapple from pineapple tree It is disconnected to fall, elevating mechanism is also equipped on the mounting rack, the elevating mechanism will be guided for driving guide bracket to move up and down Slot is adjusted to and pineapple bottom isometry position
The beneficial effect is that: deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention is in use, pass through elevating mechanism for guide bracket It is adjusted to and is flush with pineapple bottom, pineapple picker moves ahead, and during moving ahead, pineapple tree enters in guiding groove, thrust machine Structure movement pushes pineapple, and so that pineapple is broken from pineapple tree and fall, and completes pineapple picking.Pineapple picking in compared with the prior art Device, pineapple picker of the invention pick pineapple by the way of inferring, avoid and screw pineapple or pineapple tree, reduce Damage to the seedling on pineapple and pineapple tree.
Further, the thrust mechanism includes driving motor, lead screw assembly and push plate, and the lead screw assembly includes silk Thick stick screw rod, feed screw nut and the screw gear being sleeved on lead screw screw rod, the screw gear are fixedly connected with feed screw nut, The screw gear and driving motor drive the feed screw nut rotation to push the lead screw screw rod to make axis by gear drive To movement, the push plate is connect with the lead screw screw rod.Thrust mechanism uses the form, and stability is higher.
Further, the lead screw assembly has two sets, and two sets of lead screw assemblies are separately positioned on the two sides of driving motor.Two Set lead screw assembly helps to increase the thrust of push plate.
Further, the bearing that the two sides of the screw gear are respectively equipped with thrust bearing and are adapted to thrust bearing Seat, the thrust bearing are used for the feed screw nut axial limiting.Thrust bearing plays the axial limiting to feed screw nut Effect avoids feed screw nut axial movement.
Further, the transmission of the screw gear and driving motor is to drive up.Driving up, it is fast to facilitate push plate Quick-action is made, and the efficiency of pineapple picker is improved.
Further, the elevating mechanism including double output shaft electric machines and is connected to double output shaft electric machine both ends output shaft Drive assembly, the drive assembly includes first bevel gear connect with double output shaft electric machine output shafts by shaft coupling and the Second bevel gear, the screw rod being connected in second bevel gear and the screw rod sliding block being arranged on screw rod of one bevel gear engagement, The screw rod sliding block is fixedly connected with guide bracket.Elevating mechanism enhances the lifting force of elevating mechanism using this kind of form.
Further, the mounting rack be equipped with the guide rod parallel with screw rod, the guide bracket far from screw rod sliding block one End is equipped with mounting rack sliding block, and the mounting rack slide block set is on guide rod.Guide rod and sliding block are set, help to enhance in guide bracket Stability in lower motion process.
Further, the guide bracket includes upper frame and lower frame, and the upper frame and lower frame are located at guiding groove slot The end of mouth is hinged, and the upper frame and lower frame are equipped with buffer spring between the end of guiding groove notch.Guide bracket Including upper frame and lower frame, and upper and lower frame body one end is hinged, one end is equipped with buffer spring, and helping, which reduces pineapple, is entering Guide bracket helps to protect pineapple to the pressure of pineapple during guiding groove.
Further, the mounting rack is equipped with away from the side of thrust mechanism in guiding groove and collects basket.It is arranged on mounting rack Basket is collected, convenient for collecting the pineapple under picking.
Further, the notch of the guiding groove is equipped with the baffle that can rotate into guiding groove, in the guiding groove in Plectrum is equipped in flapper stroke, the plectrum is for controlling thrust mechanism movement, so that pineapple tree pushes away when entering guiding groove Pineapple is inferred in force mechanisms movement.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the rearview of deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention;
Fig. 3 is that deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention removes the structural schematic diagram after mounting rack;
Fig. 4 is that deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention removes the rearview after mounting rack;
Fig. 5 is the top view of the thrust mechanism in deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention;
Fig. 6 is confined explosion's schematic diagram of the thrust mechanism in deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention;
In figure: 1- mounting rack;101- pushing hands;102- guide rod;2- guide bracket;201- mounting rack sliding block;202- upper frame; 203- lower frame;204- buffer spring;205- guiding groove;3- traveling wheel;4- collects basket;The bis- output shaft electric machines of 5-;6- shaft coupling;7- First bevel gear;8- second bevel gear;9- screw rod;The horizontal bearing block of 10-;11- screw rod sliding block;12- motor fixing seat;13- drives Dynamic motor;14- motor gear;15- screw gear;16- feed screw nut;17- thrust bearing;18- bolt;19- nut;20- axis Hold seat;21- lead screw screw rod;22- push plate;23- baffle;24- switch.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail.Implement below Example is not intended to limit the scope of the invention for illustrating the present invention.
The specific embodiment one of deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, including mounting rack 1, peace It shelves and guide bracket, elevating mechanism and thrust mechanism is installed on 1.Elevating mechanism will be guided for driving guide bracket to go up and down Frame is adjusted to contour with pineapple bottom.The guiding groove 205 for the pineapple entrance at ridge, thrust mechanism setting are provided in guide bracket In guide bracket in the side of guiding groove 205, for inferring the pineapple entered in the pineapple stem in guiding groove 205.Under mounting rack 1 Side is provided with traveling wheel 3 and drives the decelerating motor of traveling wheel 3.In use, the pineapple picker is before at the pineapple of ridge Row, during moving ahead, pineapple enters in guiding groove 205, and thrust mechanism will push away the pineapple in the pineapple stem for entering guiding groove 205 It is disconnected, realize the picking purpose of pineapple.
Specifically, as shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, elevating mechanism is including double output shaft electric machines 5 and is connected to double output shaft electric machines 5 The drive assembly of both ends output shaft, double output shaft electric machines 5 are fixed on mounting rack 1 by mounting plate.The structure of two sets of drive assemblies It is identical, now its structure is illustrated by taking a set of drive assembly as an example, drive assembly includes an output with double output shaft electric machines 5 First bevel gear 7 that axis is connected by shaft coupling 6, is connected to the second cone tooth at the second bevel gear 8 engaged with first bevel gear 7 The both ends of the screw rod sliding block 11 taking turns the screw rod 9 on 8 and being arranged on screw rod 9, screw rod 9 are fixed on peace by horizontal bearing block 10 It shelves on 1, screw rod sliding block 11 is fixedly connected with guide bracket.When double output shaft electric machines 5 rotate, first bevel gear 7 is driven to rotate, first Bevel gear 7 drives second bevel gear 8 to rotate, and screw rod 9 is rotated with second bevel gear 8, and the rotation of screw rod 9 drives 11 axis of screw rod sliding block To movement, and realize the lifting of guide bracket.
Guide bracket includes upper frame 202 and lower frame 203, and upper frame 202 and lower frame 203 are located at the slot of guiding groove 205 One end of mouth is hinged, and upper frame 202 and lower frame 203 are hinged especially by hinge, and there are three hinge tools, upper frame 202 in the pivot center and guiding groove 205 of lower frame 203 extension line it is perpendicular.Upper frame 202 and lower frame 203, which deviate from, to be drawn Buffer spring 204 is provided between the end of the notch of guide groove 205, there are three the tools of buffer spring 204, three buffer springs 204 In two of them be located at the two sides of guiding groove 205, buffer spring 204 is entering guiding groove 205 for reducing pineapple The active force that guide bracket generates pineapple in the process helps to protect pineapple.Lower frame 203 is set in the side away from screw slider It sets there are two mounting rack sliding block 201, is provided with the guide rod 102 being arranged in parallel with screw rod 9 on mounting rack 1,201 sets of mounting rack sliding block On guide rod 102.When elevating mechanism drives guide bracket to move up and down, mounting rack sliding block 201 is slided up and down along guide rod 102, is increased Strong stability of guide bracket during upstroke.
Referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 6 it is found that thrust mechanism includes driving motor 13, lead screw assembly and push plate 22, driving motor 13 It is fixed on upper frame 202 with lead screw assembly by motor fixing seat 12.Lead screw assembly includes lead screw screw rod 21, feed screw nut 16 And it is sleeved on the screw gear 15 on lead screw screw rod 21, screw gear 15 and feed screw nut 16 are solid by bolt 18 and nut 19 It is fixed to connect, it is provided with motor gear 14 on the output end of driving motor 13, motor gear 14 is engaged with screw gear 15.Driving electricity Machine 13 rotates, and drives the rotation of feed screw nut 16 to push lead screw screw rod 21 to move axially, push plate 22 is connect with lead screw screw rod 21. The two sides of screw gear 15 are provided with thrust bearing 17, for 16 axial limiting of feed screw nut, thrust bearing 17 to pass through axis Seat 20 is held to be fixed in motor fixing seat 12.The modulus of motor gear 14 is greater than the modulus of screw gear 15, to realize acceleration Movement facilitates the movement of 21 rapid axial of lead screw screw rod and infers pineapple.In the present embodiment, lead screw assembly is with two sets, two Set lead screw assembly is located at the two sides of driving motor 13, and the screw gear 15 in two sets of lead screw assemblies is nibbled with motor gear 14 It closes, the lead screw screw rod 21 in two sets of lead screw assemblies is fixedly connected with push plate 22, enhances the thrust of push plate 22.
Be provided with the baffle 23 that can be rotated into guiding groove 205 at the notch of guiding groove 205, guide bracket 2 and baffle 23 it Between torsional spring is set, for resetting baffle.In being provided with plectrum in the rotational travel of baffle 23 on the cell wall of guiding groove 205, use In toggle switch 24, controls thrust mechanism movement and infer the pineapple in pineapple stem.
In the present embodiment, mounting rack 1 is provided with away from the side of thrust mechanism in guiding groove 205 and collects basket 4, collects basket 4 For collecting the pineapple inferred by thrust mechanism, setting collects basket 4 and improves pineapple picking efficiency on mounting rack 1.Mounting rack 1 in One end of the notch of guiding groove 205 is provided with pushing hands 101, for controlling the direction of travel of mounting rack 1.
The working principle of deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention are as follows: elevating mechanism adjusts the notch of guiding groove 205 Extremely with pineapple bottom isometry position, decelerating motor device of rotation driving moves ahead, and when pineapple is entered in guiding groove 205, pushes baffle 23 rotations, the rotation of baffle 23 drive plectrum, and plectrum opens thrust mechanism, and the driving motor 13 in thrust mechanism works, and drive silk Pineapple in pineapple stem is inferred that the pineapple being pushed off, which falls into, collects basket 4 by the push plate 22 of 21 rapid elongation of thick stick screw rod, rapid elongation In.Push plate 22 resets, and then the motor in thrust mechanism rotates backward, and driving lead screw retracts, and enters guidance to next pineapple It is stretched out again after in slot 205 and infers the pineapple in pineapple stem, so recycled, complete the picking work of all pineapples.
The specific embodiment two of deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention is embodied with formula pineapple picker is inferred It is in place of the difference of example one, traveling crawler is installed on the downside of the mounting rack in the present embodiment and drives subtracting for traveling crawler Speed motor.Other are the same as example 1, and repeat no more.
The specific embodiment three of deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention is embodied with formula pineapple picker is inferred It is in place of the difference of example one, the elevating mechanism in the present embodiment includes telescoping cylinder, and the telescopic end of telescoping cylinder is connect with guide bracket. Other are the same as example 1, and repeat no more.
The specific embodiment four of deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention is embodied with formula pineapple picker is inferred Be in place of the difference of example one, originally implement in thrust mechanism include telescoping cylinder and be connected to the telescopic end of telescoping cylinder and push away Plate, certainly, in other embodiments, telescoping cylinder is also possible to push-rod electric machine, other are the same as example 1, and repeats no more.
The specific embodiment five of deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention is embodied with formula pineapple picker is inferred It is in place of the difference of example one, the drive assembly in elevating mechanism in this implementations is with a set of, certainly, at this time in elevating mechanism Motor only one output end.Other are the same as example 1, and repeat no more.
The specific embodiment six of deduction formula pineapple picker of the invention is embodied with formula pineapple picker is inferred It is in place of the difference of example one, the lead screw assembly in the thrust mechanism in the present embodiment only has a set of, other and embodiment one It is identical, it repeats no more.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, without departing from the technical principles of the invention, several improvement and replacement can also be made, these are improved and replacement Also it should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of deduction formula pineapple picker, it is characterised in that: including mounting rack (1), the downside of the mounting rack (1) is equipped with Traveling wheel (3) or traveling crawler are equipped with guide bracket (2) on the mounting rack (1), and the guide bracket (2) is equipped with for pineapple The guiding groove (205) entered is set, the guide bracket (2) is equipped with thrust mechanism in the side of guiding groove, and the thrust mechanism is used for It pushes the pineapple in guiding groove and so that pineapple is broken from pineapple tree and fall, be also equipped with elevating mechanism on the mounting rack (1), it is described Guiding groove (205) is adjusted to and pineapple bottom isometry position by elevating mechanism for driving guide bracket (2) to move up and down.
2. deduction formula pineapple picker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the thrust mechanism includes driving electricity Machine (13), lead screw assembly and push plate (22), the lead screw assembly include lead screw screw rod (21), feed screw nut (16) and suit Screw gear (15) on lead screw screw rod (21), the screw gear (15) are fixedly connected with feed screw nut (16), the silk Thick stick gear (15) and driving motor (13) drive the feed screw nut (16) rotation to push the lead screw spiral shell by gear drive Bar (21) moves axially, and the push plate (22) connect with the lead screw screw rod (21).
3. deduction formula pineapple picker according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the lead screw assembly has two sets, Two sets of lead screw assemblies are separately positioned on the two sides of driving motor (13).
4. deduction formula pineapple picker according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the two sides of the screw gear (15) The bearing block (20) for being respectively equipped with thrust bearing (17) and being adapted to thrust bearing, the thrust bearing (17) are used for described Feed screw nut (16) axial limiting.
5. deduction formula pineapple picker according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the screw gear (15) and driving The transmission of motor (13) is to drive up.
6. described in any item deduction formula pineapple pickers according to claim 1~5, it is characterised in that: the elevating mechanism Including double output shaft electric machines (5) and it is connected to pair drive assembly of output shaft electric machine (5) both ends output shaft, the drive assembly Including connect with double output shaft electric machines (5) output shaft by shaft coupling (6) first bevel gear (7), engage with first bevel gear (7) Second bevel gear (8), the screw rod (9) that is connected on second bevel gear (8) and the screw rod sliding block being arranged on screw rod (9) (11), the screw rod sliding block (11) is fixedly connected with guide bracket (2).
7. deduction formula pineapple picker according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the mounting rack (1) be equipped with The parallel guide rod (102) of screw rod (9), the guide bracket (2) are equipped with mounting rack sliding block far from the one end of screw rod sliding block (11) (201), the mounting rack sliding block (201) is sleeved on guide rod (102).
8. described in any item deduction formula pineapple pickers according to claim 1~5, it is characterised in that: the guide bracket (2) Including upper frame (202) and lower frame (203), the upper frame (202) and lower frame (203) are located at guiding groove (205) notch End be hinged, the upper frame (202) and lower frame (203) are equipped with slow between the end of guiding groove (205) notch Rush spring (204).
9. described in any item deduction formula pineapple pickers according to claim 1~5, it is characterised in that: the mounting rack (1) It is equipped in guiding groove away from the side of thrust mechanism and collects basket (4).
10. described in any item deduction formula pineapple pickers according to claim 1~5, it is characterised in that: the guiding groove (205) notch is equipped with the baffle (23) that can be rotated into guiding groove, and the guiding groove (205) is interior in flapper stroke Equipped with plectrum, the plectrum is for controlling thrust mechanism movement, so that thrust mechanism movement is inferred when pineapple tree enters guiding groove Pineapple.
CN201910184236.8A 2019-03-11 2019-03-11 Deduction type pineapple picking device Active CN110073804B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910184236.8A CN110073804B (en) 2019-03-11 2019-03-11 Deduction type pineapple picking device

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CN110073804A true CN110073804A (en) 2019-08-02
CN110073804B CN110073804B (en) 2021-11-19

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110561669A (en) * 2019-10-14 2019-12-13 南京思脉德医疗科技有限公司 Torsion tube solidification protection integral type frock

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US2584361A (en) * 1948-05-24 1952-02-05 California Packing Corp Harvesting machine
CN201094198Y (en) * 2007-10-22 2008-08-06 徐波 Bean harvester
CN102907213A (en) * 2012-11-01 2013-02-06 华南农业大学 Picking actuating mechanism used at tail end of pineapple picking mechanical arm
CN108184417A (en) * 2018-03-27 2018-06-22 吉林大学 A kind of semi-automatic pineapple picker of omnidirectional type
CN108271510A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-07-13 广西科技大学 A kind of pineapple picker
CN108307782A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-07-24 武汉理工大学 Cart type semi-automation pineapple picking machine
CN108617240A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-09 重庆交通大学 It can the integrated pineapple picker of expansion type acquisition
CN208242244U (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-12-18 广州大学 A kind of pineapple picker
CN109121690A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-04 天津职业技术师范大学 A kind of agricultural automation pineapple picking machine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2584361A (en) * 1948-05-24 1952-02-05 California Packing Corp Harvesting machine
CN201094198Y (en) * 2007-10-22 2008-08-06 徐波 Bean harvester
CN102907213A (en) * 2012-11-01 2013-02-06 华南农业大学 Picking actuating mechanism used at tail end of pineapple picking mechanical arm
CN108271510A (en) * 2018-02-11 2018-07-13 广西科技大学 A kind of pineapple picker
CN108307782A (en) * 2018-03-26 2018-07-24 武汉理工大学 Cart type semi-automation pineapple picking machine
CN108184417A (en) * 2018-03-27 2018-06-22 吉林大学 A kind of semi-automatic pineapple picker of omnidirectional type
CN108617240A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-10-09 重庆交通大学 It can the integrated pineapple picker of expansion type acquisition
CN208242244U (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-12-18 广州大学 A kind of pineapple picker
CN109121690A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-01-04 天津职业技术师范大学 A kind of agricultural automation pineapple picking machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110561669A (en) * 2019-10-14 2019-12-13 南京思脉德医疗科技有限公司 Torsion tube solidification protection integral type frock

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