CN211671425U - Lifting picking and collecting mechanism of apple picking machine - Google Patents

Lifting picking and collecting mechanism of apple picking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211671425U
CN211671425U CN201921307734.9U CN201921307734U CN211671425U CN 211671425 U CN211671425 U CN 211671425U CN 201921307734 U CN201921307734 U CN 201921307734U CN 211671425 U CN211671425 U CN 211671425U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
picking
base
cavity
apple
lifting
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201921307734.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨建辉
魏友谊
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Shaanxi Changling Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Shaanxi Changling Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921307734.9U priority Critical patent/CN211671425U/en
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Publication of CN211671425U publication Critical patent/CN211671425U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a mechanism is picked in lift of apple picking machine, the on-line screen storage device comprises a base, the lower extreme fixed mounting of base has the gyro wheel, be equipped with the cavity in the base, it is connected with the threaded rod to rotate on the lateral wall of cavity, the nut has been cup jointed to the threaded rod external screw thread, the lateral wall sliding connection of nut and cavity, fixedly connected with motor on the lateral wall of cavity, the output and the coaxial fixed connection of threaded rod of motor, the upper surface of base is equipped with the bar logical groove that communicates with the cavity, sliding connection has the bracing piece on the lateral wall that the groove is led to the bar, the lower extreme and the nut fixed connection of bracing piece, the upper end of bracing. The utility model discloses a set up the lift of the steerable picking mechanism of motor, easy and simple to handle, when the lifter plate rotated to rise, two fruit presss from both sides and is close to each other, will wait to pick the apple centre gripping, and the lifter plate falls, and the spring drives the rack and resets, then the apple is automatic to fall into and collects the frame, has improved work efficiency.

Description

Lifting picking and collecting mechanism of apple picking machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of agricultural equipment, especially, relate to a mechanism is picked in lift of apple picking machine.
Background
With the continuous development of the economy of China and the gradual change of the living demands of people, the nutritional value of the vitamins rich in the apples is more and more accepted by people. Therefore, the rapid development of the apple industry is also driven, but when the apples are ripe, a large amount of manpower, material resources and financial resources are always consumed for picking the apples in the orchard, the picking work intensity is high, and the labor cost is high.
At present, most orchards still adopt a traditional apple picking mode, picking personnel generally pick apples in a tree climbing or hand-held manual auxiliary rod picking mode, and the picking personnel have certain dangerousness in the tree climbing process, damage to fruit trees in different degrees is generated, and the orchard is not favorable for continuous development; the hand-held type manual auxiliary picking rod has higher tree climbing picking efficiency than picking personnel, but the picking personnel can not keep the head-up posture for a long time, the picking rod is lifted, the manual labor intensity is high, the longer the operation time is, and the efficiency is reduced; meanwhile, fruit trees with different heights are not well controlled to align with fruits and fruit stalks, although apples can be picked, picking angles and force are difficult to control in the picking process, the apples are often damaged, and the picking process is inconvenient.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the problem of inconvenient lower efficiency of picking among the prior art, and the lift of the apple picking machine who provides easy and simple to handle and efficient is picked and is collected the mechanism.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a lifting picking and collecting mechanism of an apple picker comprises a base, wherein the lower end of the base is fixedly provided with a roller, a cavity is arranged in the base, a threaded rod is rotatably connected to the side wall of the cavity, a nut is sleeved on the external thread of the threaded rod, the nut is connected with the side wall of the cavity in a sliding way, the side wall of the cavity is fixedly connected with a motor, the output end of the motor is coaxially and fixedly connected with the threaded rod, the upper surface of the base is provided with a strip-shaped through groove communicated with the cavity, the side wall of the strip-shaped through groove is connected with a support rod in a sliding way, the lower end of the support rod is fixedly connected with a nut, the upper end of the supporting rod is hinged with a sliding block, the upper end of the base is hinged with a lifting plate, the sliding block is connected with the lower side wall of the lifting plate in a sliding way, the picking mechanism is installed to the upper end of lifter plate, fixedly connected with collects the frame on the lateral wall of base.
Preferably, the lower side wall of the lifting plate is provided with a strip-shaped sliding groove, and the sliding block is connected with the side wall of the strip-shaped sliding groove in a sliding mode.
Preferably, a sponge cushion is padded on the inner side wall of the collecting frame.
Preferably, the picking mechanism comprises two gears rotatably connected with the upper surface of the lifting plate, the side walls of the gears are fixedly connected with fruit clamps, the upper surface of the lifting plate is slidably connected with a rack, and the two gears are meshed and connected with the rack.
Preferably, the lower extreme fixedly connected with balancing weight of rack, the last fixed surface of lifter plate is connected with the limiting plate, the balancing weight passes through spring fixed connection with the limiting plate.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses possess following advantage:
1. the utility model discloses a set up the motor and drive the threaded rod and rotate, then drive the nut and remove to the motor direction, drive bracing piece and slider then and remove to the motor direction, then the lifter plate rotates, realizes then that the lift through motor control picking mechanism is easy and simple to handle.
2. The utility model discloses in, when the lifter plate rotated and rises, under the action of gravity, the balancing weight downstream drove the rack downstream, then gear revolve, make two fruit presss from both sides and be close to each other, will wait to pick the apple centre gripping, remove the base through the gyro wheel, can pluck the apple, and the reverse rotation motor then can drop the lifter plate, and the spring drives the rack and resets, then the apple is automatic to fall into and collects the frame, has improved work efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a lifting picking and collecting mechanism of an apple picking machine according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of the top view structure of the lifting plate in the lifting picking and collecting mechanism of the apple picking machine.
In the figure: 1 base, 2 cavitys, 3 threaded rods, 4 nuts, 5 motors, 6 bar logical groove, 7 bracing pieces, 8 sliders, 9 lifter plates, 10 collection frames, 11 gears, 12 fruit presss from both sides, 13 racks, 14 balancing weights, 15 limiting plates, 16 springs.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-2, a lifting picking and collecting mechanism of an apple picking machine comprises a base 1, a roller is fixedly installed at the lower end of the base 1, a cavity 2 is arranged in the base 1, a threaded rod 3 is rotatably connected to the side wall of the cavity 2, a nut 4 is sleeved on the threaded rod 3 in an external thread manner, the nut 4 is slidably connected with the side wall of the cavity 2, a motor 5 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the cavity 2, the model of the motor 5 is YS90S4, the output end of the motor 5 is coaxially and fixedly connected with the threaded rod 3, a strip-shaped through groove 6 communicated with the cavity 2 is arranged on the upper surface of the base 1, a support rod 7 is slidably connected to the side wall of the strip-shaped through groove 6, the lower end of the support rod 7 is fixedly connected with the nut 4, a slide block 8 is hinged to the upper end of the support rod 7, a lifting plate 9 is hinged to, the slide block 8 is connected with the lower side wall of the lifting plate 9 in a sliding mode, the lifting plate 9 is driven to lift through the motor 5, and operation is simple and convenient.
The utility model discloses in, picking mechanism is installed to the upper end of lifter plate 9, it is required to explain, picking mechanism includes two gears 11 of being connected with the rotation of lifter plate 9 upper surface, fixedly connected with fruit presss from both sides 12 on gear 11's the lateral wall, the last sliding surface of lifter plate 9 is connected with rack 13, two gears 11 all are connected with the meshing of rack 13, the lower extreme fixedly connected with balancing weight 14 of rack 13, the last fixed surface of lifter plate 9 is connected with limiting plate 15, balancing weight 14 passes through spring 16 fixed connection with limiting plate 15, fixedly connected with collects frame 10 on base 1's the lateral wall, it is worth mentioning that, it is equipped with the sponge cushion to fill up on the inside wall of collecting frame 10, it is impaired to prevent that the apple from striking.
The utility model discloses its functional principle is explained to following mode of operation of accessible: the utility model discloses during the use, starter motor 5 drives threaded rod 3 and rotates, then drive nut 4 and remove to 5 directions of motor, drive bracing piece 7 and slider 8 then and remove to 5 directions of motor, then lifter plate 9 rotates, make fruit press from both sides 12 rise then, and is simple and convenient to operate, when lifter plate 9 rotates and rises, under the action of gravity, balancing weight 14 moves down, drive rack 13 and move down, then gear 11 rotates, make two fruit press from both sides 12 be close to each other, will treat to pick the apple centre gripping, remove base 1 through the gyro wheel, can pluck the apple, reverse rotation motor 5, then can descend lifter plate 9, and simultaneously, spring 16 drives rack 13 and resets, then the apple is automatic to fall into collection frame 10, and the work efficiency is improved.
The above, only be the concrete implementation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art is in the technical scope of the present invention, according to the technical solution of the present invention and the utility model, the concept of which is equivalent to replace or change, should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. A lifting picking and collecting mechanism of an apple picking machine comprises a base (1) and is characterized in that a roller is fixedly mounted at the lower end of the base (1), a cavity (2) is arranged in the base (1), a threaded rod (3) is rotatably connected to the side wall of the cavity (2), a nut (4) is sleeved on the threaded rod (3) in a sleeved mode, the nut (4) is in sliding connection with the side wall of the cavity (2), a motor (5) is fixedly connected to the side wall of the cavity (2), the output end of the motor (5) is coaxially and fixedly connected with the threaded rod (3), a strip-shaped through groove (6) communicated with the cavity (2) is arranged on the upper surface of the base (1), a supporting rod (7) is connected to the side wall of the strip-shaped through groove (6) in a sliding mode, the lower end of the supporting rod (7) is fixedly connected with the nut (4), and a sliding block (8, the utility model discloses a picking machine, including base (1), slider (8), lifter plate (9), picking mechanism, fixedly connected with collection frame (10) on the lateral wall of base (1), the upper end of base (1) articulates there is lifter plate (9), the lower lateral wall sliding connection of slider (8) and lifter plate (9), picking mechanism is installed to the upper end of lifter plate (9).
2. The lifting picking and collecting mechanism of the apple picking machine as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the lower side wall of the lifting plate (9) is provided with a strip-shaped chute, and the sliding block (8) is connected with the side wall of the strip-shaped chute in a sliding way.
3. The lifting picking collection mechanism of an apple picking machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the inner side wall of the collection frame (10) is padded with a sponge cushion.
4. The lifting picking and collecting mechanism of the apple picking machine as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the picking mechanism comprises two gears (11) rotatably connected with the upper surface of the lifting plate (9), a fruit clamp (12) is fixedly connected with the side wall of the gears (11), a rack (13) is slidably connected with the upper surface of the lifting plate (9), and both gears (11) are meshed with the rack (13).
5. The lifting picking and collecting mechanism of the apple picking machine as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the lower end of the rack (13) is fixedly connected with a counterweight (14), the upper surface of the lifting plate (9) is fixedly connected with a limiting plate (15), and the counterweight (14) and the limiting plate (15) are fixedly connected through a spring (16).
CN201921307734.9U 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 Lifting picking and collecting mechanism of apple picking machine Expired - Fee Related CN211671425U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921307734.9U CN211671425U (en) 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 Lifting picking and collecting mechanism of apple picking machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921307734.9U CN211671425U (en) 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 Lifting picking and collecting mechanism of apple picking machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211671425U true CN211671425U (en) 2020-10-16

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CN201921307734.9U Expired - Fee Related CN211671425U (en) 2019-08-13 2019-08-13 Lifting picking and collecting mechanism of apple picking machine

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112245149A (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-01-22 昌新丽 Portable sitting-lying auxiliary backrest supporting device
CN114872009A (en) * 2022-04-24 2022-08-09 浙江理工大学 Device integrating apple picking, flexible conveying and collecting boxing
CN116941422A (en) * 2023-08-03 2023-10-27 淮安市福美好农业机械有限公司 Stable full-automatic apple picking machine with supporting structure

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112245149A (en) * 2020-10-22 2021-01-22 昌新丽 Portable sitting-lying auxiliary backrest supporting device
CN112245149B (en) * 2020-10-22 2022-07-12 昌新丽 Portable sitting-lying auxiliary backrest supporting device
CN114872009A (en) * 2022-04-24 2022-08-09 浙江理工大学 Device integrating apple picking, flexible conveying and collecting boxing
CN116941422A (en) * 2023-08-03 2023-10-27 淮安市福美好农业机械有限公司 Stable full-automatic apple picking machine with supporting structure
CN116941422B (en) * 2023-08-03 2024-03-19 淮安市福美好农业机械有限公司 Stable full-automatic apple picking machine with supporting structure

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20201016

Termination date: 20210813

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee