CN107352466B - Stacker and automatic stereoscopic warehouse convenient to deposit and get goods - Google Patents

Stacker and automatic stereoscopic warehouse convenient to deposit and get goods Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107352466B
CN107352466B CN201710539316.1A CN201710539316A CN107352466B CN 107352466 B CN107352466 B CN 107352466B CN 201710539316 A CN201710539316 A CN 201710539316A CN 107352466 B CN107352466 B CN 107352466B
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China
Prior art keywords
stacker
main
piece
objective
frame
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CN201710539316.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107352466A (en
Inventor
谢祥俊
谢明
何志刚
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Jiangsu Gaoko Logistics Science & Technology Co ltd
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Jiangsu Gaoko Logistics Science & Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201710539316.1A priority Critical patent/CN107352466B/en
Publication of CN107352466A publication Critical patent/CN107352466A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F9/00Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes
    • B66F9/06Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks
    • B66F9/07Floor-to-roof stacking devices, e.g. "stacker cranes", "retrievers"
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G1/00Storing articles, individually or in orderly arrangement, in warehouses or magazines
    • B65G1/02Storage devices
    • B65G1/04Storage devices mechanical
    • B65G1/0407Storage devices mechanical using stacker cranes

Abstract

The invention discloses a stacker and an automatic stereoscopic warehouse which are convenient for goods to be stored and taken, wherein the stacker comprises: a main body frame provided with a connecting member; the object stage is arranged on the main body frame through the connecting piece; and the rotary driving mechanism is used for driving the objective table to rotate by taking the connecting piece as a rotary center. Through the mode, the stacker can adjust the position of the objective table to adapt to the surrounding environment when storing, taking and transporting goods, and the safety and the efficiency of operation are ensured.

Description

Stacker and automatic stereoscopic warehouse convenient to deposit and get goods
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of logistics automation machinery, in particular to a stacker and an automatic stereoscopic warehouse which are convenient for goods storage and taking.
Background
The stacker is a machine commonly used in the logistics automatic warehouse, and is a special crane for grabbing, carrying and stacking by using a fork or storing and taking unit goods from a high-rise goods shelf.
The traditional automatic warehouse passes through the stacking machine in the roadway between the goods shelves to finish the work of storing and taking goods, in order to ensure that the warehouse has a larger storage area, the width of the general roadway is limited, and because the stacking machine has larger size, the simultaneous operation of a plurality of stacking machines in a narrow roadway is difficult to realize, thereby restricting the working efficiency of the automatic warehouse.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly solves the technical problem of providing a stacker and an automatic stereoscopic warehouse which are convenient for goods storage and taking, so that when the stacker stores and transports goods, the position of an object stage can be adjusted to adapt to the surrounding environment, and the safety and the efficiency of operation are ensured.
In order to solve the above technical problems, one technical solution adopted by the present invention is to provide a stacker convenient for storing and taking goods, comprising: a main body frame provided with a connecting member; the object stage is arranged on the main body frame through the connecting piece; and the rotary driving mechanism is used for driving the objective table to rotate by taking the connecting piece as a rotary center.
In order to solve the technical problem, another technical scheme adopted by the invention is to provide an automatic stereoscopic warehouse, wherein the automatic stereoscopic warehouse comprises a plurality of stereoscopic storage shelves and at least two stackers, and the stackers are any of the stackers.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: be different from prior art's condition, drive the objective table through rotary driving mechanism and rotate for the stacker can adapt to the environment on every side when access and transport the goods, thereby guarantees the safety and the efficiency of stacker operation.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a stacker according to one embodiment of the present invention for facilitating access to a product;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of another embodiment of a stacker for facilitating access to products in accordance with the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of an automated stereoscopic warehouse according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1, fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of a stacker convenient for storing and fetching goods according to the present invention, the stacker in this embodiment includes a main frame 12 provided with a connecting member 120; a stage 14 mounted to the main body frame 12 via a connector 120; and a rotation driving mechanism 16 for driving the stage 14 to rotate about the link 120. Specifically, the rotation driving mechanism 16 can be connected to the connecting member 130 to drive the connecting member 130 to rotate, so as to drive the object stage 14 to rotate, or the rotation driving mechanism 16 can be directly connected to the object stage 14 to drive the object stage 14 to rotate around the connecting member 130.
For example, when a previous batch of goods is located on the left side of the forward direction of the stacker and a subsequent batch of goods is located on the right side of the forward direction of the stacker, after the previous batch of goods is stored and taken, the position of the object stage 14 needs to be changed to adapt to the position of the subsequent batch of goods, so that one stacker can store and take the goods in different directions.
In this embodiment, drive objective table 14 through rotary driving mechanism 16 and rotate for the stacker can be according to the position adjustment objective table 14's of goods orientation when access goods, be convenient for access goods, thereby can avoid colliding with the object in the surrounding environment through rotary objective table 14 when transporting the goods, guaranteed the safety and the efficiency of stacker operation.
Referring to fig. 2, fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of another embodiment of a stacker for facilitating storage and retrieval according to the present invention. In this embodiment, the main body frame 12 includes a column 122, wherein the column 122 may be cylindrical, the connecting member 120 is engaged with the column 122, the connecting member 120 is annular, and the object stage 14 is driven by the rotation driving mechanism 16 to rotate around the column 122. Of course, the upright post and the connecting member may be provided in other shapes, for example, the upright post 122 is a rectangular column, and the connecting member 120 is a hollow column with an inner square and an outer circle.
Wherein the rotation drive mechanism 16 includes: a rotary motor 160, the rotary motor 160 being coupled to the stage 14 to drive the stage 14 to rotate.
As an alternative, the rotating motor 160 may be connected to the stage 14 via a belt or a gear to rotate the stage 14.
It will be appreciated that the rotary motor 160 of the present invention may be located at any position on the stacker, for example, the rotary motor 160 may be located at the top of the upright 122 or on the carrier 14.
As an embodiment, the rotation driving mechanism 16 further includes: at least two distance sensors 162 and a control circuit (not shown), the control circuit is coupled to the distance sensors 162 and the rotating motor 160, the at least two distance sensors 162 are respectively disposed on two sides of the stage 14 extending outward from the connecting member 120; the distance sensor 162 is used for detecting the distance between the side surface and the surrounding object; the control circuit is configured to control the rotating motor 160 to drive the stage 14 to rotate in a direction away from the peripheral object on the side where the distance sensor 162 is located when the distance detected by one of the distance sensors 162 is smaller than a preset threshold. The preset threshold value may be set according to actual requirements, such as half or two thirds of the length of the cargo to be handled by the current objective table 14.
It will be appreciated that at least one distance sensor 162 is provided on each side of the object table 14 at the end of the side remote from the connector 120. In this embodiment, the distance between the side where the object stage is located and the surrounding object is detected by the distance sensor 162, and when the detected distance is smaller than the preset threshold value, the rotating motor 160 drives the object stage 14 to rotate toward the side away from the surrounding object, so that the object stage 14 can be prevented from colliding with the object in the surrounding environment when the stacker transports goods, and the safety and efficiency of the operation of the stacker are ensured.
As an implementable manner, the stacker of this embodiment further includes: a lifting mechanism 17 for driving the connecting member 120, thereby moving the object stage 14 up and down with respect to the main body frame 12; the lifting mechanism 17 cooperates with the rotary drive mechanism 16 to adjust the position of the stage 14. When the stacker is storing and taking goods, the object stage 14 is driven to rotate through the rotary driving mechanism 16, and the object stage 14 is lifted through the lifting mechanism 17, so that the direction and the position of the object stage 14 can be adjusted according to the position of the goods when the stacker is storing and taking goods, and the stacker can be prevented from colliding with objects in the surrounding environment through the rotary object stage 14 when the goods are conveyed, and the safety and the efficiency of the operation of the stacker are ensured.
As one possible embodiment, the carrier 14 is provided with retractable forks 140 for accessing the cargo. It is understood that the retractable forks 140 may be double reach forks or multiple reach forks. The retractable forks 140 may be either clamp style forks or fork style forks.
As an implementation manner, the stacker in this embodiment further includes: the horizontal traction motor 11 and the main driving wheel set 13 are connected through a belt or a gear, the horizontal traction motor 11 drives the main driving wheel set 13 to rotate, and therefore the stacker moves horizontally.
As an implementation manner, the stacker further includes: at least two sets of slave driving wheel sets 15, the slave driving wheel sets 15 are disposed at the lower part of the main body frame 12, the centers of gravity of at least one set of slave driving wheel sets 15 and the vertical column 122 are located on the same vertical line, as shown in fig. 2, the centers of gravity of one set of slave driving wheel sets 15 adjacent to the master driving wheel set 13 and the vertical column 122 are located on the same vertical line. The slave driving wheel set 15 is driven by the master driving wheel set 13 to rotate, so that the stacker can be assisted to move. It will be appreciated that the stacker may also be supported from the drive wheel set 15.
Referring to fig. 3, fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of an automated stereoscopic warehouse according to the present invention, the automated stereoscopic warehouse in the embodiment includes a plurality of stereoscopic storage shelves 22 and at least two stackers 24, wherein the stackers 24 are any of the stackers described above.
In an implementation manner, at least two rows of rails 26 are arranged between the stereoscopic storage shelves 22 in parallel, and each row of rails 26 is provided for a corresponding stacker 24 to walk.
It is understood that the distance between any two rows of tracks 26 may be any value greater than 0. In the actual operation process, when the two pilers 24 meet, the direction and the position of the object carrying table can be adjusted, so that the two pilers 24 are prevented from colliding, and the safety and the efficiency of the operation of the pilers are ensured. For the related content, refer to the detailed description of the stacker structure embodiment.
According to the stacker and the automatic stereoscopic warehouse, the object stage is driven to rotate by the rotary driving mechanism, so that the stacker can adapt to the specific position of goods to be stored and taken when the goods are stored, taken and conveyed, and more occupied space can be saved; and can avoid colliding with surrounding goods, goods shelves and other stackers, thereby ensuring the safety and efficiency of the operation of the stacker.
In the embodiments provided in the present invention, it should be understood that the disclosed stacker and automated stereoscopic warehouse may be implemented in other manners. For example, the embodiment of the stacker and the automated stereoscopic warehouse described above is only schematic, the division of the structure is only a logical function division, and in actual implementation, there may be another division manner, for example, the connecting member may be driven to rotate so as to drive the object stage to rotate, or the upright column may be rotatable so as to drive the connecting member and the object stage to rotate by the rotation of the upright column; in addition, each driving mechanism can work in a mode of electric signal driving, can work in a mode of physical transmission, or can work in a combination of multiple modes; each structure exists physically separately, and two or more structures can be integrated into one structure.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all modifications of equivalent structures and equivalent processes performed by the present specification and drawings, or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. An automatic stereoscopic warehouse is characterized by comprising a plurality of stereoscopic storage shelves and at least two stackers, wherein at least two rows of rails are arranged between every two adjacent stereoscopic storage shelves in parallel, and each row of rails is respectively provided for the corresponding stacker to walk; wherein, the stacker includes:
the main body frame is provided with a connecting piece, the main body frame comprises an upright post, the connecting piece is meshed with the upright post, and the connecting piece is annular;
the object stage is arranged on the main body frame through the connecting piece;
the object stage is driven by the rotary driving mechanism to rotate around the upright post, the rotary driving mechanism comprises a rotary motor, at least two distance sensors and a control circuit, the control circuit is respectively coupled with the at least two distance sensors and the rotary motor, and the at least two distance sensors are respectively arranged on two side surfaces of the object stage extending outwards from the connecting piece; the rotary motor is connected with the objective table and is used for driving the objective table to rotate by taking the connecting piece as a rotation center; the distance sensor is used for detecting the distance between the side surface where the sensor is located and a surrounding object; the control circuit is used for controlling the rotating motor to drive the objective table to rotate towards the direction of the peripheral object far away from the side face where the distance sensor is located when the distance detected by the distance sensor is smaller than a preset threshold value.
2. The automated stereoscopic warehouse of claim 1, wherein the stacker further comprises:
the lifting mechanism is used for driving the connecting piece so as to drive the objective table to move up and down relative to the main body frame; the lifting mechanism is matched with the rotary driving mechanism to adjust the position of the objective table.
3. Automated stereoscopic warehouse according to claim 1,
the objective table is provided with a telescopic fork for storing and taking goods.
4. The automated stereoscopic warehouse of claim 1, wherein the stacker further comprises:
the stacker comprises a horizontal traction motor and a main driving wheel set, wherein the main driving wheel set is positioned at the lower part of the main body frame, the horizontal traction motor and the main driving wheel set are connected through a belt or a gear, and the horizontal traction motor drives the main driving wheel set to rotate so as to enable the stacker to move horizontally.
5. The automated stereoscopic warehouse of claim 1, wherein the stacker further comprises:
the auxiliary driving wheel sets are arranged at the lower part of the main body frame, and the gravity centers of the auxiliary driving wheel sets and the upright post are positioned on the same vertical line.
CN201710539316.1A 2017-07-04 2017-07-04 Stacker and automatic stereoscopic warehouse convenient to deposit and get goods Active CN107352466B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN107352466B true CN107352466B (en) 2021-04-20

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CN111038892A (en) * 2018-10-15 2020-04-21 菜鸟智能物流控股有限公司 Logistics object allocation system and method

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JP2011018730A (en) * 2009-07-08 2011-01-27 Toppan Printing Co Ltd Substrate carrier
CN203294643U (en) * 2013-03-08 2013-11-20 深圳中集天达空港设备有限公司 Automatic stereoscopic warehouse
DE102013004489B4 (en) * 2013-03-14 2019-07-18 Mias Maschinenbau, Industrieanlagen & Service Gmbh Load-carrying means for a stacker crane with a lifting device for transporting various pallets
CN204384206U (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-06-10 昆明欧迈科技有限公司 A kind of banding machine for irregular article
CN105416963B (en) * 2015-12-17 2018-11-09 陈辉 A kind of automatic stereowarehouse and its control system
CN205471036U (en) * 2016-04-10 2016-08-17 刘向明 It is alert with synthesizing automatic access management system of material evidence
CN207434948U (en) * 2017-07-04 2018-06-01 江苏高科物流科技股份有限公司 A kind of piler and automatic stereowarehouse convenient for access goods

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