CN210162598U - Storage letter sorting system - Google Patents

Storage letter sorting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210162598U
CN210162598U CN201920065518.1U CN201920065518U CN210162598U CN 210162598 U CN210162598 U CN 210162598U CN 201920065518 U CN201920065518 U CN 201920065518U CN 210162598 U CN210162598 U CN 210162598U
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belt
conveyor belt
buffer
goods
shelf
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CN201920065518.1U
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Chinese (zh)
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赵悦荣
刘美艳
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Hangzhou Big Tritium Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Hangzhou Big Tritium Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a storage letter sorting system. The problems of complex deployment, inconvenient maintenance and the like of the existing system are solved. The system is provided with a modularized support frame below a common goods shelf, the support frame is provided with a plurality of layers of buffer conveyor belt devices for articles to stop, a fork lift truck roadway and an automatic guide truck roadway are respectively arranged on two sides of the goods shelf, and a side shifting platform, a side conveying device and an optional lifting platform are arranged on a truck. When the goods are sorted, the fork lift truck enters a target goods shelf, takes the goods out, places the goods on a buffer conveyor belt device, the trolley advances the target goods shelf through a special roadway of the trolley, the side shifting platform is extended out of the goods shelf, the trolley side conveyor device and the buffer conveyor belt device rotate in the same direction, transfers the goods to the trolley side conveyor device, and the trolley travels through the special roadway of the trolley and is conveyed to a sorting work station. The system is easy to deploy and maintain, enables the robots to operate concurrently through a scheduling algorithm, and is high in overall efficiency.

Description

Storage letter sorting system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a storage technical field especially relates to a storage letter sorting system.
Background
A core problem with automated warehousing is the efficient and automated transport of items between shelves and sorting stations. At present, a lot of warehouses begin to implement automation, a large number of mechanical devices such as an integrated goods shelf, a shuttle, a stacker, a forklift, an Automatic Guided Vehicle (AGV)/a moving trolley/a moving robot, a conveying belt and the like are equipped, labor cost is reduced, and warehousing sorting efficiency is improved.
The automated warehousing scheme using the mobile robot is easy to modularize and standardize, and a failed equipment unit can be quickly replaced. Compared with the scheme of an integrated shelf, a shuttle car and the like, the system has the advantages of less field modification and easier deployment, and is more popular in some occasions. The Kiva robot system of Amazon is a typical representative. US8831984 describes the use of submerged automatic guided carts of different load carrying capacity to effect movement of modular pallets to effect "person-to-person". However, the whole goods shelf is transported by the scheme, so that each automatic guide trolley needs to have large loading capacity, and the equipment cost is greatly increased; in addition, the shelf cannot be too high, and the increase of the storage capacity is limited. The proposal of Japan Songhe company in patent JP2004277062 is to adopt a single type of mobile robot with a lifting platform and a forking means to be butted with a goods shelf, but in order to ensure the motion stability of the robot, the number of the goods shelf layers is generally not more than three, which limits the storage capacity of a warehouse; in addition, the forking means used in this patent can only fork one-sided racks, so the roadway utilization rate is not high, and the mobile robot must have a sufficiently large self-weight, otherwise it is easy to overturn when forking heavy articles. Japanese hitachi patent CN105593143 proposes to use a submerged automatic guided cart to submerge under the shelves to move the shelves while supplying power to the conveyor belts on the shelves to effect transfer of articles between the shelves by aligning and driving the conveyor belts on both shelves. The scheme requires that an automatic guide trolley is submerged below each goods shelf for supplying power, and the cost is high because the mobile trolley with large load capacity is required for aligning the goods shelves.
To sum up, most of the existing schemes adopt a high-speed integrated goods shelf and a shuttle car, need to modify the site and install a large amount of auxiliary electromechanical devices, and are inconvenient to maintain, or need to configure a large amount of heavy-load movable trolleys with high cost although the site is less modified, and are not beneficial to popularization.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a storage letter sorting system, the technical scheme of the utility model is implemented like this:
the goods taking-out and conveying device for taking out the goods placed on the goods shelf and conveying the goods to a sorting place to finish the warehouse-out, or conveying the goods from the sorting place to the goods shelf and storing the goods on the goods shelf to finish the warehouse-in, and the goods taking-out and conveying device comprises: at least one fixed multi-level rack, at least one automated guided vehicle for transporting the items to a prescribed location; at least one said stacking device capable of accessing said items on said shelves; the management terminal is used for carrying out carrying indication on the automatic guide trolley and the stacking equipment; the warehouse sorting system is characterized in that the shelf has: a multi-layered shelf for storing the items; the support frame can be a modularized mechanical structural member independent of the shelves, and can also be an integral member with the shelves, at least one horizontally placed buffer conveying belt device is arranged in the support frame, and the automatic guide trolley is provided with a trolley body, a driving part, a control part and a lateral conveying device; the control part enables the automatic guide trolley to run through the driving part; the control part is communicated with a control board card of the buffer conveyor belt device through a wireless network to control the rotation of the conveyor belt component of the buffer conveyor belt device, the control part realizes the transfer of the articles between the lateral conveying device and the buffer conveying belt device through the rotation of the lateral conveying device and the rotation of the conveying belt of the buffer conveying belt device, the stacking equipment comprises a driving part, the control part, a lifting platform and a grabbing part, the control part moves the stacking device between the shelves and aligns the front faces of the shelves at a designated position by the driving part, the grabbing component is aligned to the designated height of the shelf through the lifting platform, and the grabbing component extends into the shelf of the shelf and the buffer conveying belt device on the channel supporting frame to grab and place the article.
Implement the utility model has the advantages that: the warehousing sorting system based on the mobile robot and the buffer conveyor belt device completes sorting and transportation of articles by means of the buffer conveyor belt device below the goods shelf by adopting the work division and matching of fewer mobile fork trucks and more small automatic guide trolleys, and realizes efficient transportation of goods to people; the system can continue to use the existing traditional goods shelf, the needed infrastructure construction is less, and the small automatic guide trolley only needs to convey articles but not the goods shelf, so the cost can be greatly reduced; the automatic guided trolley and the fork lift truck can adopt standardized mature products, and can be quickly separated from the site for maintenance when a fault occurs, so that the continuous operation of the whole system is not influenced; articles with high warehouse-in and warehouse-out frequency are preferentially parked on the buffer conveyor belt device and are directly butted with the automatic guide trolley, so that the operation time of moving the fork truck is rarely occupied, and the fork truck can also cope with the situation that the moving speed of the fork truck is slower than that of an integrated goods shelf and a shuttle machine; the warehouse can be rapidly moved, expanded and remodeled, and has the characteristics of high flexibility, short implementation period and convenience in detachment, transportation and expansion.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only one embodiment of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall layout of an article sorting system and the division of work and cooperation of an automatic guide trolley and a fork lift truck in embodiment 1 of the utility model;
fig. 2 is a schematic front view of a mobile robot entering and exiting a warehouse based on a single-layer cache conveyor belt in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic side view of a mobile robot entering and exiting a warehouse based on a single-layer buffer conveyor belt in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 4 to 6 are schematic structural views of a fork-taking part of the fork truck for achieving article forking on two sides in embodiment 1 of the present invention, where fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the grabbing part in a retracted state, fig. 5 is a schematic view of the grabbing part with one fork extending out, and fig. 6 is a schematic view of the grabbing part with the other fork extending out;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a buffer conveyor apparatus according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of another buffer conveyor apparatus according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic side view of a mobile robot entering and exiting a warehouse based on a double-layer cache conveyor belt in embodiment 2 of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic front view of a mobile robot entering and exiting a warehouse based on a double-layer buffer conveyor belt in embodiment 2 of the present invention.
In the above drawings, the reference numerals denote:
10-a warehousing system; 20-the ground; 30-staff; 50-a sorting workstation; 60-mobile robot maintenance station;
100-multi-layer shelf; 110-shelf supports; 111-buffer conveyor means; 112-upright post;
1111-framework; 1112-a bearing seat; 1113-motorized roller; 1114-conveyer belts; 1115-a rotating shaft; 1116-a pulley; 1117-bearing; 1118-positive pole of power supply; 1119-negative pole of power supply; 1120-control board card; 1125-member; 1126-idler pulley; 1127-trenches;
200-automatic guided vehicle; 200 a-empty self-guided vehicle; 200 b-automatic guided vehicles carrying articles; 210-a side-shifting stage; 220-lateral conveying device; 230-a vehicle body; 240-a lifting mechanism;
300-stacking a high vehicle; 310-a lifting platform; 320-a gripping member; 321-a first fork; 322-a second fork; 323-small stroke lifting equipment;
400-an article;
11-shelf row; 12-stacking a high-speed roadway; 13-combination of goods shelves and roadways; 21-special lane for trolley; 22-general lane; 31-shelf column; 32-row lanes.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In which like parts are designated by like reference numerals. It should be noted that the terms "front," "back," "left," "right," "upper" and "lower" used in the following description refer to directions in the drawings, and the terms "bottom" and "top," "inner" and "outer" refer to directions toward and away from, respectively, the geometric center of a particular component.
Example 1
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, these embodiments are not intended to limit the present invention, and all similar system configurations and similar variations thereof should be included in the scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, an embodiment 1 of the present invention provides a commodity sorting system and method based on a mobile robot and a buffer conveyor belt device, which relates to a warehousing sorting system, where the warehousing sorting system 10 includes a dispatching control system, a plurality of sorting workstations 50, a plurality of multi-layer shelves 100, a plurality of automatic guided vehicles 200, a plurality of fork lift trucks 300, and so on. Each of the automated guided vehicles 200 and the forklift 300 communicates with the dispatch control system through a wireless communication network, and the automated guided vehicles 200 and the forklift 300 are automatically moved and positioned by means of their own equipped sensors, such as laser radar, vision sensor, magnetic wire reader, etc., and by means of navigation markers, such as reflective strips, two-dimensional codes, RFID patches, etc., disposed in the warehouse, most typically the markers include two-dimensional codes and magnetic strips attached to the floor 20. The plurality of autonomous guided vehicles 200 in cooperation with the plurality of fork trucks 300 enable the removal and transport of items 400 placed on the racks 100 to the sorting station 50, i.e. a so-called delivery process, or the transport of items 400 from the sorting station 50 to the racks 100 and storage on the racks 100, i.e. a so-called storage process or an item retrieval process. For the sake of distinction, the figure shows an automated guided vehicle with no load above 200a, and an automated guided vehicle with an article 400 above 200 b.
In order to improve the volume ratio, the goods shelves are placed in a row and column mode. Usually, a plurality of modular pallets 100 are connected transversely to form a pallet row 11, and two rows facing each other and having a stacking lane 12 in the middle are combined into a pallet lane combination 13, wherein the stacking lane 12 is mainly used for the stacker 300 to travel, but does not exclude the automatic guided vehicle 200 from traveling thereon. A narrow special trolley roadway 21 is arranged between every two adjacent shelf roadway combinations 13, and the central line of the narrow special trolley roadway is indicated by a dotted line. In the row direction, a wide universal lane 22 may be provided every several shelf lane combinations 13, on which the forklift 300 occasionally runs, but it is mainly convenient to quickly guide the trolley 200, and in particular, the universal lane 22 is suitably provided between the shelf lane combination and the warehouse wall. In addition, the racks 100 aligned in the longitudinal direction are defined as one rack column 31, and in the row direction, one column lane 32 is provided every several columns. The automatic guide trolley and the fork lift truck can run on the roadway. In order to facilitate the movement of the fork lift truck 300 to another fork lift lane 12, at least one row lane 32 of sufficient width is required.
In fig. 1, a small solid arrow in front of the automated guided vehicle 200 indicates the current forward path of the loaded automated guided vehicle 200 a. The dashed arrow on the article 400 indicates the current direction of movement of the article.
At the sorting site, after the automated guided vehicle 200 transfers the item 400 to the sorting station 50, it generally waits in situ until the sorting station 50 returns the item 400 after sorting is complete, and then returns the item 400 to the shelf 100.
In addition, a mobile robotic maintenance station 60 is included in the warehouse sortation system 10 for automatically directing the servicing and maintenance of the carts 200 and forklift trucks 300. A plurality of charging piles, not shown, are further arranged in the warehousing sorting system 10, so that the mobile robot can be charged nearby when the electric power is insufficient.
As shown in fig. 2-3, the shelf 100 is provided with a plurality of shelves, each shelf is provided with a plurality of 2 articles 400, and the articles 400 refer to articles meeting certain size requirements, including boxes, storage baskets, boxes, pallets, etc., because if the size is too small, they are difficult to grasp and are generally held by the storage baskets or pallets. To facilitate grasping of the articles 400 by the fork lift truck 300, supports with longitudinal grooves, not shown, such as sleepers or pallets, may also be pre-positioned on the shelves.
A plurality of modular shelf supports 110 are installed below each shelf 100, in the figure, 2 modular shelf supports 110 are installed on the column 112 of each shelf support 110, and a buffer conveyor belt device 111 is installed on each buffer conveyor belt device 111, and one article 400 can be stopped on each buffer conveyor belt device 111.
A lifting platform 310 capable of lifting in a large range is arranged above the fork lift truck 300, a two-stage screw nut linear module is usually adopted, but a scissor type lifting device and other forms can also be adopted; the lifting platform 310 is provided with a gripping part 320 which can grip the articles 400 on different layers of the shelf 100; the width of the fork truck 300 is slightly narrower than that of the stacking lane 12, and the grabbing parts 320 can grab the articles 400 on the goods shelves 100 on the two sides of the stacking lane 12; in the lowest position of the lifting platform 310, the gripper can place the article 400 on the buffer conveyor 111 on both sides.
The automatic guided vehicle 200 is driven by a differential gear train, is matched with four universal follow-up wheels, and has low cost, small volume and small turning radius, and can rotate in situ due to the adoption of a symmetrical structure. However, the specific drive form is not limited to this form, and an omnidirectional drive train wheel or the like may be used. The automatic guided vehicle 200 is a small mobile robot with automatic navigation capability, a side shifting platform 210 capable of extending out a small distance to both sides is arranged above the vehicle body, and a side conveying device 220 is arranged above the side shifting platform 210. The lateral conveyor 220 may be a tensioned belt or a set of motorized rollers having a height that is substantially equal to the height of the buffer belt assembly 111 on the shelf support. When the side shifting platform 210 is extended toward the shelf support 110, the distance between the side conveyor 220 and the buffer conveyor 111 may be reduced to ensure a smooth transition of the items 400 therebetween.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a grabbing component for forking articles on two sides of the fork truck in embodiment 1 of the present invention. The function is got to both sides fork is the indispensable function to commercial narrow lane fork truck, has multiple conventional design to select, and this figure explains that fork truck 300 can take out the article 400 of piling up arbitrary one side of high lane 12 with a relatively simple scheme only, also can take out the article on the goods shelves of one side and put into on the goods shelves of opposite one side, and not be used for the restriction the utility model discloses. Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the gripping member 320 in a retracted state, above which a fork 321 that can be extended to the right and a fork 322 that can be extended to the left are provided. A motor-driven linear movement module is arranged below each of the two forks, wherein the fork 322 further comprises an additional small-stroke lifting device 323 comprising 2 driving motors 3231 and two groups of scissor type telescopic mechanisms 3232. The scissor lift mechanism 3232 can be raised or lowered by the drive motor 3231 through a speed reducer and screw drive. As shown in fig. 5, the fork 321 may be extended rightward when the small stroke elevating device 323 is lowered, and as shown in fig. 6, the fork 322 may be extended leftward when the small stroke elevating device 323 is raised.
In fact, the grabbing part of the fork truck for forking the objects on the two sides can also adopt the forms of an electromagnet and the like, especially when the object 400 to be grabbed is a cuboid-shaped object, an iron sheet can be fixed on the side surface of the object, an electromagnet sucking disc is arranged on the grabbing part, the object is adsorbed when the electromagnet sucking disc is powered on, and the object is released when the electromagnet sucking disc is powered off. Furthermore, the grabbing part can be designed into a combination of a fork, an electromagnet and the like.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a buffer conveyor belt device according to an embodiment of the present invention. The buffer conveyer device 111 comprises a frame 1111, a bearing 1112, an electric roller 1113, a plurality of conveyer belts 1114, a rotating shaft 1115, a plurality of pulleys 1116, a pair of bearings 1117, a power anode 1118, a power cathode 1119 and a control board 1120 with a communication antenna, wherein the power anode 1118 and the power cathode 1119 supply power to the electric roller 1113; the electric roller 1113 outputs torque to drive the conveyer belt 1114 to rotate; bearing 1112 provides support for one end of motorized roller 1113; the pulleys 1116 are fixed to the shaft 1115 at fixed intervals; a conveyer 1114 is arranged between each belt wheel 1116 and the electric roller 1113, and the width of the conveyer 1114 is equivalent to that of the belt wheels 1116;
the first buffer conveyor belt device 111 is characterized in that: the rotating shaft 1115 is arranged at one side close to the stacking vehicle, and the electric roller 1113 is arranged at one side far away from the stacking vehicle; the diameter of the pulleys 1116 is equal to the diameter of the motorized rollers 1113, and the diameter of the shaft 1115 is smaller than the diameter of the pulleys 1116, so that the difference in radius between the pulleys and the shaft is greater than the thickness of the forks, and the spacing between the pulleys 1116 is greater than the spacing between the forks of the fork truck 300, so that the forks 321 and 322 of the fork truck 300 can be inserted into the space between the conveyor belts to place an article 400 on the buffer conveyor belt assembly 111 or remove an article 400 from the buffer conveyor belt assembly 111.
The positive 1118 and negative 1119 power supplies are typically connected to the warehouse power system or are connected to the batteries on the automated guided vehicles by brush contacts, wireless charging, etc. After the automated guided vehicle 200 is aligned with the buffer conveyor 111, it communicates with the control board 1120 through wireless communication such as bluetooth or WiFi, and notifies the control board 1120 to start the motorized rollers 1113 to rotate, and notifies the control board 1120 to stop the motorized rollers 1113 to rotate again after the object reaches the desired position. There are many alternatives for the components in the first buffer conveyor belt device, in which the electric roller 1113 can drive a rotating shaft with a size similar to that of the electric roller by a conventional motor through a transmission manner such as a synchronous belt or a gear pair.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of another buffer conveyor belt device according to an embodiment of the present invention. The buffer conveyor 111 comprises a frame 1111, a bearing seat 1112, an electric roller 1113, a plurality of conveyor belts 1114, a rod 1125, a plurality of pulleys 1116, a plurality of bearings 1117, a power supply anode 1118, a power supply cathode 1119 and a control board 1120 with a communication antenna. Unlike the buffer conveyor apparatus shown in fig. 7, the original shaft 1115 is replaced by a rod 1125 with several grooves fixed to the frame 1111, whose shape is equivalent to milling several grooves on one optical axis, and the original pulley 1116 and bearing 1117 are replaced by several idle wheels 1126 fitted over the rod 1115, the grooves 1127 on the rod 1125 are located between the idle wheels 1126 on the rod 1125, the height of the grooves is greater than the thickness of the forks, and the use of the rod 1125 can provide a larger moving space for the forks to be inserted into the gap between the conveyor belts.
It is not hard to imagine that the buffer conveyor belt device can also be assembled by using 2 or more electric rollers, for example, one electric roller is respectively installed at two ends of the frame, a plurality of belt wheels are fixed on the electric rollers at certain intervals, a conveyor belt is tensioned on the paired belt wheels, and the difference between the radius of the belt wheels and the radius of the electric wheels is larger than the thickness of the fork. However, the overall height of the buffer conveying device based on the scheme is higher, and the space for placing articles is reduced.
Example 1 article sorting was carried out as follows:
a plurality of fork trucks 300 run in a straight line in the stacking lane 12 and work, positioning, lifting, grabbing and other actions are executed, the vertical transfer of articles 400 between the shelves 100 and the buffer conveyer belt devices 111 in the shelf supports 110 is completed, and one fork truck 300 can run to other stacking lanes 12 after entering the row lane 32 from the stacking lane 12; the fork truck 300 can place the articles 400 on the shelf rack on the idle buffer conveyor belt devices 111 under the shelves on the two sides of the fork truck 12, or take the articles 400 out of the buffer conveyor belt devices 111 on the shelves on the two sides and place the articles on the shelf rack, and the fork truck can continue to execute the next picking task after completing the article placement without waiting for the automatic guide trolley 200 in situ;
a plurality of automatic guided vehicles 200 travel in the stacking roadway 12, the row roadway 32 and the vehicle-dedicated roadway 21, and the following operations are performed on the vehicle-dedicated roadway 21: the buffer conveyor belt device 111 is moved back and forth, the extension-side moving platform 210 approaches the shelf 100 to start the lateral conveyor 220 and the electric rollers 1113, wait for the article 400 to be transferred from the buffer conveyor belt device 111 to the lateral conveyor 220 or from the lateral conveyor 220 to the buffer conveyor belt device 111, retract the lateral moving platform 210, continue to advance and the like, and realize the transfer of the article 400 between the buffer conveyor belt device 111 and the sorting workstation 50.
In order to improve the running speed and turnover efficiency of the automatic guide trolley 200, a plurality of special trolley roadways 21 can be arranged side by side according to requirements.
Example 2
Fig. 9 is the utility model discloses in embodiment 2 mobile robot goes out the side schematic diagram of putting in storage based on double-deck buffer memory conveyer belt, fig. 10 is the utility model discloses in embodiment 2 mobile robot goes out the positive schematic diagram of putting in storage based on double-deck buffer memory conveyer belt.
In this embodiment, basically the same as embodiment 1, a modular shelf support 110 is installed below each shelf 100, except that a lower buffer conveyor device 111 and a higher second buffer conveyor device 111 are installed on each shelf support 110, and each buffer conveyor device 111 can hold one article 400. The advantage of this embodiment is that can place more article that the warehouse entry frequency is high on buffer conveyor means or second buffer conveyor means, and deposit the article that warehouse entry frequency is low on the goods shelves to improve the efficiency of warehouse entry.
Accordingly, compared to the automatic guiding cart in embodiment 1, the automatic guiding cart 200 in this embodiment has an additional lifting mechanism 240 between the cart body 230 and the side shift platform 210, and the lifting mechanism 240 may be implemented by a screw nut, or a scissor-type linkage mechanism.
It can be understood that more buffer conveying devices can be continuously installed above the second buffer conveying device, and only the installation positions need to be horizontally aligned, and the height difference close to the distance between the layers of the multilayer shelves is formed between the adjacent buffer conveying devices, so that more positions are added for buffering high-frequency in-out articles. However, in order to avoid the problem that the height of the automatic guide trolley is too high when the automatic guide trolley takes high-rise articles and the alignment precision is reduced, the buffer conveyer belt device which is generally installed does not exceed 3 layers.
Example 2 article sorting was carried out as follows:
a plurality of fork trucks 300 run in a straight line in the stacking lane 12 and work, positioning, lifting, grabbing and other actions are executed, the vertical transfer of articles 400 between the shelves 100 and the buffer conveyer belt devices 111 in the shelf supports 110 is completed, and one fork truck 300 can run to other stacking lanes 12 after entering the row lane 32 from the stacking lane 12; the fork truck 300 can place the articles 400 on the shelf rack on the idle buffer conveyor belt devices 111 under the shelves on the two sides of the fork truck 12, or take the articles 400 out of the buffer conveyor belt devices 111 on the shelves on the two sides and place the articles on the shelf rack, and the fork truck can continue to execute the next picking task after completing the article placement without waiting for the automatic guide trolley 200 in situ;
a plurality of automatic guided vehicles 200 travel in the stacking roadway 12, the row roadway 32 and the vehicle-dedicated roadway 21, and the following operations are performed on the vehicle-dedicated roadway 21: the buffer conveyor belt device 111 is moved back and forth, the height of the lifting mechanism 240 is adjusted to be level with the height of the target buffer conveyor belt 111, the protruding side moving platform 210 is close to the shelf 100, the side conveying device 220 and the electric rollers 1113 are started, the articles 400 are waited to be transferred from the buffer conveyor belt device 111 to the side conveying device 220 or from the side conveying device 220 to the buffer conveyor belt device 111, the side moving platform 210 is retracted, the articles 400 continue to advance and the like, and the transfer of the articles 400 between the buffer conveyor belt device 111 and the sorting workstation 50 is realized. In order to improve the running speed and turnover efficiency of the automatic guide trolley 200, a plurality of special trolley roadways 21 can be arranged side by side according to requirements.
In the embodiment 1-2, the stacking vehicle is not limited to the wheel type stacking vehicle, and can be other movable stacking devices, for example, an inverted stacker crane can be used for replacing the mobile stacking devices, the inverted stacker crane runs through a guide rail arranged right above a roadway, the guide rail is connected with the top of a goods shelf on two sides of the roadway through a metal structural member, or is hung below the ceiling of the roadway through a metal rod.
It should be understood that the above description is only exemplary of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and that any modifications, equivalents, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A warehouse sortation system, characterized by: the method for realizing the purpose that the articles placed on the goods shelf are taken out and conveyed to a sorting place to finish the warehouse-out, or the articles are conveyed to the goods shelf from the sorting place and stored on the goods shelf to finish the warehouse-in, comprises the following steps:
at least one fixed multi-layer shelf,
at least one automated guided vehicle for transporting the article to a prescribed location;
at least one stacking device capable of accessing said items on said shelves; and
the management terminal is used for carrying out carrying indication on the automatic guide trolley and the stacking equipment;
the warehouse sorting system is characterized in that;
the shelf has:
a multi-layered shelf for storing the items; and
the support frame is a modularized mechanical structural component independent of the shelves or is made into an integral component with the shelves, at least one horizontally placed buffer conveyor belt device is arranged inside the support frame, the buffer conveyor belt device is provided with a conveyor belt component and a control board card, and the control board card can communicate through a wireless network;
the automatic guide trolley is provided with a trolley body, a driving part, a control part and a lateral conveying device;
the control part enables the automatic guide trolley to run through the driving part;
the control part is communicated with the control board card of the buffer conveyor belt device through a wireless network to control the rotation of the conveyor belt component of the buffer conveyor belt device, and the control part realizes the transfer of the articles between the lateral conveyor device and the buffer conveyor belt device through the rotation of the lateral conveyor device and the rotation of the conveyor belt of the buffer conveyor belt device;
the stacking device comprises a driving portion, a control portion, a lifting platform and a grabbing component, wherein the control portion enables the stacking device to move between the goods shelves and align to the front designated positions of the goods shelves through the driving portion, the grabbing component aligns to the designated height of the goods shelves through the lifting platform, and the grabbing component extends into the goods shelves and the buffer conveyor belt devices on the channel supporting frames to grab and place the goods.
2. The bin sorting system according to claim 1, wherein:
the inside of support frame is equipped with a plurality of levels place the buffer conveyer belt device, the mounted position aligns, and adjacent buffer have with between the buffer conveyer belt device the similar difference in height of multilayer shelf interlaminar distance.
3. The bin sorting system according to claim 1, wherein:
the automatic guide trolley is provided with a lifting mechanism, and the control part of the automatic guide trolley adjusts the lateral conveying device to different heights through the lifting of the lifting mechanism.
4. The bin sorting system according to claim 1, wherein:
the automatic guide trolley is provided with a lateral moving platform, the control part of the automatic guide trolley adjusts the distance between the lateral conveying device and the buffer conveying belt device through the translational motion of the lateral moving platform, and the stability of the articles in the process of transferring between the lateral conveying device and the buffer conveying belt device is improved.
5. The bin sorting system according to claim 1, wherein:
the grabbing part of the stacking device is a pair of forks and has bidirectional forking capability.
6. The bin sorting system according to claim 5, wherein:
the conveying belt assembly of the buffer conveying belt device mainly comprises a frame, an electric roller, a small-diameter rotating shaft, a plurality of belt wheels and a power supply interface, wherein the small-diameter rotating shaft is arranged on one side close to the fork truck;
the electric roller is arranged on one side far away from the fork truck;
the belt wheel has the same diameter as the electric roller and is fixed on the small-diameter rotating shaft at fixed intervals;
one conveying belt is arranged between each belt wheel and the electric roller, and the width of the conveying belt is equivalent to that of the belt wheels;
the radius difference between the belt wheels and the small-diameter rotating shaft is larger than the thickness of the forks, meanwhile, the distance between the belt wheels is larger than the distance between the forks, and the forks can be inserted into the space between the conveying belts to finish the forking or placing of objects.
7. The bin sorting system according to claim 6, wherein:
the conveyor belt assembly of the buffer conveyor belt assembly mainly comprises the frame, the electric rollers, a rod piece, a plurality of idle wheels and a power supply interface, wherein the rod piece is fixedly arranged at one side close to the fork truck, and a groove is processed above the rod piece;
the electric roller is arranged on one side far away from the fork truck;
the idler wheels are arranged on the rod piece at fixed intervals;
one conveying belt is arranged between each idle wheel and the electric roller, and the width of the conveying belt is equivalent to that of the idle wheel;
the height of the groove on the rod piece is larger than the thickness of the fork, meanwhile, the distance between the idle wheels is larger than the distance between the forks, and the forks can be inserted into the space between the conveying belts to complete the forking or placing of the object.
CN201920065518.1U 2019-01-15 2019-01-15 Storage letter sorting system Active CN210162598U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111392304A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-07-10 新石器慧通(北京)科技有限公司 Container receiving box, logistics vehicle and system
CN111746995A (en) * 2020-06-01 2020-10-09 Tcl华星光电技术有限公司 Automatic warehousing system
CN111806946A (en) * 2020-03-26 2020-10-23 山东万物生机械技术有限公司 Full-automatic warehouse storage device
CN112849901A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-28 上海钛米机器人股份有限公司 Unmanned transmission system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111806946A (en) * 2020-03-26 2020-10-23 山东万物生机械技术有限公司 Full-automatic warehouse storage device
CN111392304A (en) * 2020-03-30 2020-07-10 新石器慧通(北京)科技有限公司 Container receiving box, logistics vehicle and system
CN111746995A (en) * 2020-06-01 2020-10-09 Tcl华星光电技术有限公司 Automatic warehousing system
CN111746995B (en) * 2020-06-01 2021-10-08 Tcl华星光电技术有限公司 Automatic warehousing system
CN112849901A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-28 上海钛米机器人股份有限公司 Unmanned transmission system

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