CN107244996A - A kind of substrate soil and its application method cultivated for red sage - Google Patents

A kind of substrate soil and its application method cultivated for red sage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107244996A
CN107244996A CN201710315572.2A CN201710315572A CN107244996A CN 107244996 A CN107244996 A CN 107244996A CN 201710315572 A CN201710315572 A CN 201710315572A CN 107244996 A CN107244996 A CN 107244996A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
red sage
substrate
cultivated
substrate soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710315572.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
章婷婷
何群彪
陈阳
薛勇刚
吴芳芳
朱倩倩
戴晓虎
戴翎翎
黄永西
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Urban Pollution Control Engineering Research Center Co., Ltd.
Suzhou Research Institute of Tongji University
Suzhou Tongde Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
SHANGHAI URBAN POLLUTION CONTROL ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER Co Ltd
Suzhou Tongde Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
SUZHOU RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF TONGJI UNIVERSITY
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANGHAI URBAN POLLUTION CONTROL ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER Co Ltd, Suzhou Tongde Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd, SUZHOU RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF TONGJI UNIVERSITY filed Critical SHANGHAI URBAN POLLUTION CONTROL ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710315572.2A priority Critical patent/CN107244996A/en
Publication of CN107244996A publication Critical patent/CN107244996A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of substrate soil and its application method cultivated for red sage, substrate soil is obtained with normal soil, sludge composting product, peat soil compounding;The present invention has good feeder capability, containing nutrients such as higher organic matters and N P and K, can provide good nutrition condition for red sage growth;Addition composting production can improve buffer capacity of the substrate soil to soda acid, improve cation exchange capacity (CEC) therein, and then improve the fertilizer-preserving ability of substrate soil;The substrate soil has good physical property simultaneously, and good soil porosity and capillary porosity improves the ventilating permeable and water-holding capacity of substrate soil.The substrate soil combines the characteristics such as water-retaining property, nutrient preserving capability, gas permeability, disclosure satisfy that physical arrangement requirement of the red sage to matrix soil;The present invention is while cultivation matrix soil is produced, and can effectively dissolve city sewage and sludge, carried out recycling, promote contamination control and resource circulation utilization, with the very high value of environmental protection.

Description

A kind of substrate soil and its application method cultivated for red sage
Technical field
Field is utilized the invention belongs to flowers matrix technical field of fertilizers and recycling sludge, is related to a kind of for red sage The substrate soil and its application method of cultivation.
Background technology
Red sage, also known as firecracker are red, ivory is red, the young flower, Yang Cheng paulownias of red, ivory Malus spectabilis, big gun under crimson lake, wall, are lip Section's salvia.Red sage inflorescence is slender, and color is red bright-coloured, and the florescence is again long, strong adaptability, and the potted plant suitable arrangement of red sage is big Type flower bed, flower border, landscape effect is especially good, therefore is the herbage flower most generally cultivated in China city and gardens.
Red sage happiness sun, also resistance to half is cloudy, it is desirable to which loose, fertile and well-drained sand loam, red sage can in 1 year Bloom with many secondary growth young sprouts and repeatedly so that its total fertilizer requirement is larger, and need stable and sufficient nutrient supply.Mesh Before, because common cultivation soil fertility is extremely low, the fertilizer that red sage is applied is main based on the chemical fertilizer of quick-acting, and chemical fertilizer applies soil Fast, fertilizer efficiency is dissolved after earth short, if chemical fertilizer is once applied excessively, red sage can be caused to occur " burning root " phenomenon, hence in so that chemical fertilizer Amount of application will follow a small amount of multiple principle, so greatly increase the amount of labour of grower.Common cultivation soil is being applied simultaneously Enter after chemical fertilizer, be easily caused soil hardening so that water flowing and aeration decline, and growth and quality to plant are caused to a certain degree Influence.
With the continuous propulsion of China's urbanization, China's urban wastewater treatment ability is annual to produce up to 1.4 hundred million ton per days More than 30,000,000 tons sludge, its recycling and reasonable processing handling problems have become an important environmental problem.For We have developed a kind of substrate soil and its application method cultivated for red sage for this.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome technical problem present in prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of native nutrient of cultivation matrix comprehensively, Fertilizer efficiency period is long, with good feeder capability and fertilizer-preserving ability, reduces the amount of application of chemical fertilizer, saving of work and time, while having good Loosing soil, be difficult it is hardened, can promote the quality of red sage raising be used for red sage cultivate substrate soil and its make Use method.
The present invention provides following technical scheme:It is a kind of for red sage cultivate substrate soil, raw material components have normal soil, Sludge composting product and peat soil, compound and obtain according to a certain ratio.
It is preferred that, a kind of substrate soil cultivated for red sage, according to normal soil:Sludge composting product:Peat soil=1: 3~9:0.1 ~ 0.3 volume proportion, which is fully mixed, to be formed.
The application method of the substrate soil cultivated for red sage, can be used for the potted plant of red sage and ground is planted, potted plant When directly substrate soil is fitted into basin, then plant red sage;Substrate soil is laid on soil by ground when planting, matrix soil thickness So that red sage root system submerges wherein, plant simple and convenient, reduce the consumption to peat soil during plant cultivating.
It is preferred that, the normal soil can use the cultivating soil commonly used in afforestation;The sludge composting product Meet the composting production of standard requirement by During High-Temperature Composting fermentation, harmless treatment disposal, indices for city sewage and sludge; The peat soil is largely to decompose the soil that insufficient plant residue accumulates and forms peat horizon, is the common kind in market, Can also be other media with short texture.
The excellent results of the present invention are as follows:
1. nutrient is comprehensively and stably.Red sage is in its whole growth period many secondary growth shoot, repeatedly bloom, it is necessary to substantial amounts of nitrogen The nutrition such as phosphorus potassium.Organic matter is the important sources of various nutrients particularly nitrogen, phosphorus in soil, and it can stimulate plant growth The materials such as humic acid class, it is the essential carbon source of soil.In general, soil organic matter content number, be soil fertilizer One important indicator of power height;Nitrogenous fertilizer is conducive to plant leaf blade to grow, and phosphate fertilizer promotes the flower bigger, color of plant more gorgeous, Potash fertilizer can improve the resistance against diseases of plant.Sludge composting product includes abundant organic matter, nitrogen phosphorus in the substrate soil of the present invention The nutriments such as potassium, and nutrients release is stable, can meet the nutritional need of red sage growth.
2. improve the fertilizer-preserving ability and buffer capacity of soil.Red sage likes warm, moist weather, and water requirement is big, at present The quick fertilizer used, exists with ionic state after and is difficult to be adsorbed by normal soil, be easily lost in watering, cause fertilizer Utilization rate is low, wastes serious and seriously polluted.The substrate soil of the present invention can improve the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of soil, be used as evaluation The index of soil fertilizer ability, cation exchange numerical quantity is bigger, and the fertilizer-preserving ability of soil is stronger.And the substrate soil can be carried The buffer capacity of high soil, the stable release of control fertilizer efficiency, reduces the loss of nutrient, improves the utilization ratio of fertilizer.
3. with good physical property.Red sage requires loose, well-drained soil.The substrate soil of the present invention has Higher soil porosity and capillary porosity, are difficult hardened, can provide good soil environment for the growth of red sage.
4. reducing chemical fertilizer application number of times, material resources manpower is saved, financial cost is reduced.The substrate soil plant red sage of the present invention It can be reduced substantially in growth cycle and apply the number of times of chemical fertilizer, reduce the labor intensity of labourer, save applying quantity of chemical fertilizer, Reduce the financial cost of plantation.
5. effective recycling city sewage and sludge, solves the problem of outlet of sludge.The substrate soil of the present invention can be with City sewage and sludge directly is dissolved as matrix soil, and direct planting plants are provided a kind of effectively dirty using municipal sewage again The method of mud.
Embodiment
With reference to example, the present invention will be further described, but not limited to this.
Test plant selects red sage plantling of the same size, and soil is substrate soil of the present invention and common gardens cultivation soil Earth, planting type is potted plant.The cultivation matrix of equivalent is put into embodiment and comparative example in each basin, in red sage growth cycle (1 year)Middle combination plant growing way applies the quick-acting chemical fertilizer of uniform quality, carries out amount of application and the record of application times.
Embodiment one
A kind of substrate soil cultivated for red sage, total nutrient:Nitrogen, phosphorus(In terms of phosphorus pentoxide), potassium(In terms of potassium oxide)Point It is not:5%、2%、2%.Raw material components are matched, normal soil:Sludge composting product:Peat soil=1:5~6:0.4~0.5.
Embodiment two
A kind of substrate soil cultivated for red sage, total nutrient:Nitrogen, phosphorus(In terms of phosphorus pentoxide), potassium(In terms of potassium oxide)Point It is not:5%、2%、2%.Raw material components are matched, normal soil:Sludge composting product:Peat soil=1:6~7:0.3~0.4.
Embodiment three:
A kind of substrate soil cultivated for red sage, total nutrient:Nitrogen, phosphorus(In terms of phosphorus pentoxide), potassium(In terms of potassium oxide)Point It is not:5%、2%、2%.Raw material components are matched, normal soil:Sludge composting product:Peat soil=1:8~9:0.2~0.3.
Comparative example:
Common gardens cultivating soil, total nutrient 7%.
The application effect of above example 1 ~ 3 and comparative example is as follows:
Phytomass(Fresh weight, g) Spray number Plant ground diameter(cm) Chlorophyll(Mg/g fresh leafs) Chemical fertilizer application number of times Evaluate
Embodiment one 37 6 40 1678 5 Plant growing way is good, and leaf color is dark green, and flower color is gorgeous, and fertilizer application frequency is few, saves thing Power manpower.
Embodiment two 35 6 39 1589 5 Plant growing way is good, and leaf color is dark green, and flower color is gorgeous, and fertilizer application frequency is few, saves thing Power manpower.
Embodiment three 36 5 42 1630 5 Plant growing way is good, and leaf color is dark green, and flower color is gorgeous, and fertilizer application frequency is few, saves thing Power manpower.
Comparative example 22 3 30 1176 12 Plant growing way is general, and leaf color is dim, and flower color is not gorgeous, and fertilizer application frequency is more, consumption When consume thing.
The technical characterstic of a kind of substrate soil cultivated for red sage of the present invention and its application method is that sludge composting product contains There are the nutriments such as abundant organic matter, N P and K, nutrient is comprehensively and fertilizer efficiency period is long, and nutrient supply is stable, while it can be improved Cation exchange capacity (CEC) in soil, enhancing soil improves the fertilizer conservation of soil to the buffer capacity of soda acid, stable nutrient releasing speed Ability.And the substrate soil that the other components such as sludge composting product and normal soil, peat soil are uniformly mixed so as to obtain according to a certain ratio has Good soil porosity and capillary porosity, it is not hardened so that the aeration of soil and water flowing are improved, meet a string The red soil requirement for requiring that loose draining is good.Amount of application and the administration time of chemical fertilizer can be reduced by planting red sage using the substrate soil Number, is that grower saves material resources manpower, financial cost is reduced to a certain extent.
A kind of its cultivation matrix soil of substrate soil cultivated for red sage and its application method of the invention is not limited only to a string Red Indian race is planted, by adjusting the ratio of normal soil, sludge composting product, peat soil, needed for can providing other landscape flowers Cultivation matrix soil.
The excellent results of the present invention are as follows:
1. nutrient is comprehensively and stably.
Red sage is bloomed, it is necessary to the nutrition such as substantial amounts of N P and K in its whole growth period many secondary growth shoot, repeatedly.It is organic Matter is the important sources of various nutrients particularly nitrogen, phosphorus in soil, and it can stimulate the materials such as the humic acid class of plant growth, It is the essential carbon source of soil.In general, the number of soil organic matter content, is that one of soil fertility height is important Index;Nitrogenous fertilizer is conducive to plant leaf blade to grow, and phosphate fertilizer promotes that the flower of plant bigger, color is more gorgeous, and potash fertilizer can improve plant Resistance against diseases.Sludge composting product includes the nutriments such as abundant organic matter, N P and K in the substrate soil of the present invention, and supports Divide release stable, the nutritional need of red sage growth can be met.
2. improve the fertilizer-preserving ability and buffer capacity of soil.
Red sage likes warm, moist weather, and water requirement is big, and the quick fertilizer used at present is deposited after with ionic state It is being difficult to be adsorbed by normal soil, is easily being lost in watering, causes utilization rate of fertilizer low, is wasting serious and seriously polluted. The substrate soil of the present invention can improve the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of soil, be used as the index for evaluating soil fertilizer ability, cation exchange Numerical quantity is bigger, and the fertilizer-preserving ability of soil is stronger.And the substrate soil can improve the buffer capacity of soil, the steady of fertilizer efficiency is controlled Fixed release, reduces the loss of nutrient, improves the utilization ratio of fertilizer.
3. with good physical property.
Red sage requires loose, well-drained soil.The substrate soil of the present invention has higher soil porosity and hair Porosity, is difficult hardened, can provide good soil environment for the growth of red sage.
4. reducing chemical fertilizer application number of times, material resources manpower is saved, financial cost is reduced
The substrate soil plant red sage of the present invention can be reduced substantially in growth cycle the number of times for applying chemical fertilizer, reduce labourer Labor intensity, save applying quantity of chemical fertilizer, reduce the financial cost of plantation.
5. effective recycling city sewage and sludge, solves the problem of outlet of sludge.
The substrate soil of the present invention can directly dissolve city sewage and sludge as matrix soil, and direct planting plants are carried again A kind of method of effective utilization city sewage and sludge is supplied.
The above embodiments merely illustrate the technical concept and features of the present invention, and its object is to allow person skilled in the art Scholar can understand present disclosure and be carried out, and it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, all according to the present invention The equivalent change or modification that Spirit Essence is made, should all cover within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of substrate soil cultivated for red sage, it is characterised in that:It is multiple by normal soil, sludge composting product, peat soil Match somebody with somebody and obtain;Described normal soil is the cultivating soil commonly used in afforestation, is the soil of China's common type;The sludge Composting production is that city sewage and sludge meets standard requirement by During High-Temperature Composting fermentation, harmless treatment disposal, indices Composting production;The peat soil is largely to decompose the soil that insufficient plant residue accumulates and forms peat horizon, is that market is normal The kind seen, or other media with short texture.
2. the substrate soil according to claim 1 cultivated for red sage, it is characterised in that raw material components are as follows, with body Product part meter, normal soil:Sludge composting product:Peat soil=1:3~9:0.1~0.3.
3. the substrate soil according to claim 2 cultivated for red sage, it is characterised in that fully dredge the raw material Pine, using comminutor so that uniform particle sizes, do not lump, produces after fully mixing.
4. it is used for the application method for the substrate soil that red sage is cultivated as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that directly The substrate soil is fitted into basin, then transplants red sage.
5. it is used for the application method for the substrate soil that red sage is cultivated as described in claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that by this Substrate soil imposes on plantation region, and red sage is planted in the above.
CN201710315572.2A 2017-05-08 2017-05-08 A kind of substrate soil and its application method cultivated for red sage Pending CN107244996A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108040812A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-05-18 江苏开放大学 Red sage cultivation matrix and its application

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1958536A (en) * 2006-11-20 2007-05-09 上海市园林科学研究所 Method for preparing planting soil from sludge, tree branches, falling leaves, and mineralized garbage
KR101393431B1 (en) * 2013-09-04 2014-05-12 주식회사 농우 Soil composition for the slope afforestation
CN105948918A (en) * 2014-08-13 2016-09-21 重庆市风景园林科学研究院 Preparation method of sludge compost containing seedling substrate
CN106223447A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 北京顺景园林有限公司 A kind of biological delay facility filler

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1958536A (en) * 2006-11-20 2007-05-09 上海市园林科学研究所 Method for preparing planting soil from sludge, tree branches, falling leaves, and mineralized garbage
KR101393431B1 (en) * 2013-09-04 2014-05-12 주식회사 농우 Soil composition for the slope afforestation
CN105948918A (en) * 2014-08-13 2016-09-21 重庆市风景园林科学研究院 Preparation method of sludge compost containing seedling substrate
CN106223447A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-12-14 北京顺景园林有限公司 A kind of biological delay facility filler

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108040812A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-05-18 江苏开放大学 Red sage cultivation matrix and its application

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