CN105777426B - A kind of ecological type soil modifying agent for gardens - Google Patents

A kind of ecological type soil modifying agent for gardens Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105777426B
CN105777426B CN201610098468.8A CN201610098468A CN105777426B CN 105777426 B CN105777426 B CN 105777426B CN 201610098468 A CN201610098468 A CN 201610098468A CN 105777426 B CN105777426 B CN 105777426B
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
parts
gardens
modifying agent
lumbricuss
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CN201610098468.8A
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CN105777426A (en
Inventor
程光华
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Guangdong Olympic Ecological Environment Ltd By Share Ltd
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Guangdong Olympic Ecological Environment Ltd By Share Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The invention belongs to agricultural, gardens, horticultural field, especially relate to a kind of ecological type soil modifying agent for gardens, described ecological type soil modifying agent includes turfy soil, sandy soil, calcium salt, Lumbricuss soil, sugar alcohol magnesium, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, cattle manure, EM bacterium, biogas slurry, brown sugar and carbamide, wherein, the parts by weight of each component are 150 200 parts of turfy soil;50 80 parts of sandy soil;35 parts of calcium salt;10 20 parts of Lumbricuss soil;0.03 0.1 parts of sugar alcohol magnesium;0.05 0.2 parts of potassium sulfate;0.02 0.8 parts of calcium superphosphate;30 50 parts of cattle manure;15 parts of EM bacterium;28 parts of biogas slurry, 13 parts of brown sugar;10 30 parts of carbamide.It is closely knit that the present invention is directed to soil in the garden of gardens, airtight, fluid-tight feature, carry out improving Soil structure in the allotment by modifying agent component, increase soil fertility, reduce soil salt, while meeting plant growing nutritional need, and the growth to Lumbricuss in soil has facilitation, combined with Soil of Earthworms improving effect by soil modifier, soil in gardens is realized continuing efficiently to improve.

Description

A kind of ecological type soil modifying agent for gardens
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural, gardens, horticultural field, especially relate to a kind of ecological type soil for gardens modified Agent.
Background technology
In recent years, the construction with city and exploitation, Urban Landscape Construction cause has obtained significant progress, plant variety Day by day variation.However, the impact to different plants for the environmental factorss is very big, soil as the necessary material of plant growing, to drawing The plant survival planted, growth effect can not be ignored.However, in Process of Urbanization, substantial amounts of original table in the garden of gardens Soil is constantly destroyed, and soil matrix is mostly artificial backfill, containing substantial amounts of soil invader, such as chad, Calx, drip Green grass or young crops, building waste etc., become and promote one of the reason soil leanness, alkalization, are unfavorable for soil microbial activity and plant The generation of new root, growth.Simultaneously as artificial trample on so that soil compression and hardened, the soil weight is led to increase, soil hole Porosity reduces, CO in soil2Concentration raises, O2Concentration reduces, and breathability, drainage and moisture holding capacity lower.
Ornamental plant has multiformity, and soil is the necessary material condition in plant growth environment, different plant growing Need different edaphic conditions, in garden layout engineering, good growth ring is created for ornamental plant by soil improvement Border, is the important step improving construction quality, is also the critical process improving ornamental plant survival rate.Soil improvement is for soil The bad quality of earth and structure, take corresponding physics, biological or chemical measure, improve soil property, increase soil fertility, and increase Plus crop yield, and the process improving human survival soil environment.In existing soil improvement means, commonly use soil and change Property agent soil is improved, it takes various modifying agent components to improve Soil structure, increases soil fertility, reduce soil Earth salinity, but the chemical modifying complicated mechanism of soil modifier, unstable, meanwhile, the effect of improvement is not also lasting, cycle phase pair Shorter.
Lumbricuss belong to Annelida Oligochaeta, are one of larger animal monoids of Biomass in soil, are maintaining soil There is irreplaceable effect in ecosystem function.Lumbricuss are by stirring to soil, swallowing, digest and drain and dig cave etc. Improving action Soil structure, the crossopodia moving in soil and staying and crack are to soil aeration, water transport property and porosity Formed all extremely important, thus affecting soil hydraulic and soil moisture, Nutrient leakage.In addition, wormcast have good permeability, Aeration and high retentiveness, and there is higher water stability and good aggregate structure, contribute to preventing the soil of various ways Earth corrodes, and reduces crust, beneficial to the free flow of moisture and air, can protect and keep soil organic matter.And due in gardens Soil easily becomes closely knit after being trampled by visitor, airtight, fluid-tight feature, is unfavorable for the life of Lumbricuss in gardens garden soil Long, simultaneously as the chemical modifying complicated mechanism of soil modifier, it is easily caused the injury to Lumbricuss, make changing of Soil of Earthworms Intuitive ability power worse and worse, thus forming vicious cycle, loses Soil of Earthworms improved function in ecosystem.
Therefore it provides a kind of long-acting lasting ecological type soil modifying agent, combine with Soil of Earthworms improving effect, right In gardens, soil is realized continuing efficiently to improve.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to it is not enough to break through existing soil modifier, there is provided a kind of environmental soil for gardens Earth modifying agent, airtight, fluid-tight feature closely knit for soil in the garden of gardens, enter in the allotment by modifying agent component Row improves Soil structure, increases soil fertility, and reduces soil salt, while meeting plant growing nutritional need, and to soil The growth of middle Lumbricuss has facilitation, is combined with Soil of Earthworms improving effect by soil modifier, to soil in gardens Realization continues efficiently to improve.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of ecological type soil modifying agent for gardens, described ecological type soil modifying agent include turfy soil, sandy soil, Calcium salt, Lumbricuss soil, sugar alcohol magnesium, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, cattle manure, EM bacterium, biogas slurry, brown sugar and carbamide, wherein, the weight of each component Amount number is turfy soil 150-200 part;Sandy soil 50-80 part;Calcium salt 3-5 part;Lumbricuss soil 10-20 part;Sugar alcohol magnesium 0.03-0.1 part; Potassium sulfate 0.05-0.2 part;Calcium superphosphate 0.02-0.8 part;Cattle manure 30-50 part;EM bacterium 1-5 part;Biogas slurry 2-8 part, brown sugar 1-3 Part;Carbamide 10-30 part.
Preferably, further, the best composition of described ecological type soil modifying agent is:180 parts of turfy soil;Sandy soil 70 Part;15 parts of calcium salt;18 parts of Lumbricuss soil;0.05 part of sugar alcohol magnesium;0.06 part of potassium sulfate;0.03 part of calcium superphosphate;40 parts of cattle manure;EM bacterium 3 parts of liquid;6 parts of biogas slurry, 3 parts of brown sugar;20 parts of carbamide.
Preferably, further, described cattle manure is cattle manure by fermentation, biogas slurry of splashing in sweat, Jian Duifa Ferment 6-9 days, makes cattle manure water content be 15%-20%.
Preferably, further, described calcium salt of stating is desulfurated plaster, and the particle diameter of desulfurated plaster is 20-30 micron.
Preferably, further, the particle diameter of described sandy soil is 10-20 micron.
Preferably, further, the optimum content of the potassium sulfate in described ecological type soil modifying agent is 0.75g kg-1.
Preferably, further, the optimum content of the calcium superphosphate in described ecological type soil modifying agent is 0.5g kg-1.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
Closely knit for soil in the garden of gardens, airtight, fluid-tight feature, carry out in the allotment by modifying agent component Improve Soil structure, increase soil fertility, reduce soil salt, while meeting plant growing nutritional need, and in soil The growth of Lumbricuss has facilitation, is combined with Soil of Earthworms improving effect by soil modifier, real to soil in gardens Now continue efficiently to improve, it is embodied in:
1st, the soil modifier one side of the present invention can obviously improve soil physical and chemical property, promotes the shape of soil agreegate Becoming, thus changing Soil structure, increasing soil fertility, reduce soil salt, adjust the Acidity of Aikalinity of soil, improve soil cation Exchange capacity, meets plant growing nutritional need.
2nd, the soil modifier of the present invention is beneficial to the population quantity of Lumbricuss in soil after raising improves, to Lumbricuss in soil Growth and breeding have facilitation, so that Soil of Earthworms improving effect is not fully exerted, overcome close to soil in the garden of gardens Real, airtight, fluid-tight shortcoming, combined with Soil of Earthworms improving effect by soil modifier, realize in gardens Soil continues efficiently permanent improvement.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based in the present invention Embodiment, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of not making creative work, all Belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of ecological type soil modifying agent for gardens, described ecological type soil modifying agent include turfy soil, sandy soil, Calcium salt, Lumbricuss soil, sugar alcohol magnesium, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, cattle manure, EM bacterium, biogas slurry, brown sugar and carbamide, wherein, the weight of each component Amount number is 150 parts of turfy soil;50 parts of sandy soil;3 parts of calcium salt;10 parts of Lumbricuss soil;0.03 part of sugar alcohol magnesium;0.05 part of potassium sulfate;Cross 0.02 part of calcium phosphate;30 parts of cattle manure;1 part of EM bacterium;2 parts of biogas slurry, 1 part of brown sugar;10 parts of carbamide.
Embodiment 2
A kind of ecological type soil modifying agent for gardens, described ecological type soil modifying agent include turfy soil, sandy soil, Calcium salt, Lumbricuss soil, sugar alcohol magnesium, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, cattle manure, EM bacterium, biogas slurry, brown sugar and carbamide, wherein, the weight of each component Amount number is 200 parts of turfy soil;80 parts of sandy soil;5 parts of calcium salt;20 parts of Lumbricuss soil;0.1 part of sugar alcohol magnesium;0.2 part of potassium sulfate;Cross phosphorus 0.8 part of sour calcium;50 parts of cattle manure;5 parts of EM bacterium;8 parts of biogas slurry, 3 parts of brown sugar;30 parts of carbamide.
Embodiment 3
Preferably, further, the best composition of described ecological type soil modifying agent is:180 parts of turfy soil;Sandy soil 70 Part;15 parts of calcium salt;18 parts of Lumbricuss soil;0.05 part of sugar alcohol magnesium;0.06 part of potassium sulfate;0.03 part of calcium superphosphate;40 parts of cattle manure;EM bacterium 3 parts of liquid;6 parts of biogas slurry, 3 parts of brown sugar;20 parts of carbamide, wherein, described cattle manure is cattle manure by fermentation, splashes in sweat Biogas slurry, builds heap and ferments 6-9 days, makes cattle manure water content be 15%-20%, calcium salt is desulfurated plaster, and the particle diameter of desulfurated plaster is 20- 30 microns, the particle diameter of described sandy soil is 10-20 micron, on the one hand improves Soil structure, is on the other hand conducive to entering of Lumbricuss Row digestion, and the optimum content of the potassium sulfate in ecological type soil modifying agent is 0.75g kg-1;The optimum content of calcium superphosphate For 0.5g kg-1, be conducive to making the survival rate of Lumbricuss and spawning rate in soil reach highest level, and potassium sulfate and peroxophosphoric acid Survival rate and the spawning rate of Lumbricuss when calcium content is too high, can be suppressed.
Analysis
Embodiments of the invention and conventional soil modifier are passed through soil-column test, irrigation leaching, simulation applies rear soil The experimental result of each character of earth is as shown in table 1:Table 1
Meanwhile, the matched group of by embodiments of the invention and applying conventional soil modifier and do not apply soil modification The blank group of agent improves to somewhere garden soil under identical temperature conditionss, and that at quarterly intervals it is improved carries out Lumbricuss Population quantity observes statistics, and its result is as shown in table 2:("-" indicates that no Lumbricuss quantity is low, and "-" indicates that Lumbricuss quantity is normal, " ++ " represents more Lumbricuss, and " +++ " indicates more Lumbricuss quantity.)
Table 2
0 month 3 months 6 months 9 months 12 months
Blank group Lumbricuss quantity - - - - -
Matched group Lumbricuss quantity - - - - +
Embodiment 1 Lumbricuss quantity - + ++ ++ +++
Embodiment 2 Lumbricuss quantity - + ++ ++ +++
Embodiment 3 Lumbricuss quantity - + +++ +++ +++
The present invention is closely knit for soil in the garden of gardens, and airtight, fluid-tight feature, in the tune by modifying agent component Join and carry out improving Soil structure, increase soil fertility, reduce soil salt, while meeting plant growing nutritional need and right In soil, the growth of Lumbricuss has facilitation, is combined with Soil of Earthworms improving effect by soil modifier, in gardens Soil is realized continuing efficiently to improve, and it is embodied in:The soil modifier one side of the present invention can obviously improve soil physical chemistry Character, promoting the formation of soil agreegate, thus changing Soil structure, increasing soil fertility, and reduces soil salt, adjusts soil Acidity of Aikalinity, improve Cation Exchange Capacity in Soils, meet plant growing nutritional need;The soil modifier of the present invention is beneficial to improve The population quantity of Lumbricuss in soil after improvement, growth and breeding to Lumbricuss in soil have facilitation, so that Soil of Earthworms is changed Good action is not fully exerted, and overcomes closely knit to soil in the garden of gardens, and airtight, fluid-tight shortcoming, by soil modification Agent is combined with Soil of Earthworms improving effect, realizes continuing efficiently permanent improvement to soil in gardens.
Finally, above example is only in order to illustrate technical scheme and unrestricted, although passing through above-described embodiment The present invention is described in detail, it is to be understood by those skilled in the art that can be right in the form and details It makes various changes, without departing from claims of the present invention limited range.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of ecological type soil modifying agent for gardens it is characterised in that:Described ecological type soil modifying agent includes grass Charcoal soil, sandy soil, calcium salt, Lumbricuss soil, sugar alcohol magnesium, potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, cattle manure, EM bacterium, biogas slurry, brown sugar and carbamide, wherein, The parts by weight of each component are 150-200 parts of turfy soil;50-80 parts of sandy soil;Calcium salt 3-5 part;Lumbricuss soil 10-20 part;Sugar alcohol Magnesium 0.03-0.1 part;Potassium sulfate 0.05-0.2 part;Calcium superphosphate 0.02-0.8 part;Cattle manure 30-50 part;EM bacterium 1-5 part;Biogas slurry 2-8 part, brown sugar 1-3 part;Carbamide 10-30 part, wherein, the particle diameter of described sandy soil is 10-20 micron, and described calcium salt is de- Sulfur Gypsum Fibrosum, the particle diameter of desulfurated plaster is 20-30 micron, and the content of the potassium sulfate in described ecological type soil modifying agent is 0.75g·kg-1, the content of the calcium superphosphate in described ecological type soil modifying agent is 0.5g kg-1
Described cattle manure is cattle manure by fermentation, biogas slurry of splashing in sweat, builds heap and ferments 6-9 days, makes cattle manure water content For 15%-20%.
2. a kind of ecological type soil modifying agent for gardens according to claim 1 it is characterised in that:Described ecology The group of type soil modifier is divided into:180 parts of turfy soil;70 parts of sandy soil;15 parts of calcium salt;18 parts of Lumbricuss soil;0.05 part of sugar alcohol magnesium; 0.06 part of potassium sulfate;0.03 part of calcium superphosphate;40 parts of cattle manure;3 parts of EM bacterium solution;6 parts of biogas slurry, 3 parts of brown sugar;20 parts of carbamide.
CN201610098468.8A 2016-02-23 2016-02-23 A kind of ecological type soil modifying agent for gardens Active CN105777426B (en)

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107365212A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-11-21 何玉莲 A kind of gardens sapling soilless culture nutrient solution and preparation method thereof
CN108314470A (en) * 2018-03-14 2018-07-24 安徽广艺园林股份有限公司 A kind of gardens soil modifier and preparation method thereof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104478545A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-04-01 合肥智上农业开发有限公司 An efficient fertilizer acting on roots and a preparing method thereof
CN104496692A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-08 王三喜 Ecological organic fertilizer for restoring soil balance
CN104926560A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-23 安徽省日日春农业开发有限公司 Efficient organic nano-carbon compound slow/controlled release fertilizer special for blueberries and preparation method for slow/controlled release fertilizer
CN105237151A (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-13 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for rosemary flowers and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104478545A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-04-01 合肥智上农业开发有限公司 An efficient fertilizer acting on roots and a preparing method thereof
CN104496692A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-08 王三喜 Ecological organic fertilizer for restoring soil balance
CN104926560A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-23 安徽省日日春农业开发有限公司 Efficient organic nano-carbon compound slow/controlled release fertilizer special for blueberries and preparation method for slow/controlled release fertilizer
CN105237151A (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-01-13 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Culture soil for rosemary flowers and preparation method thereof

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Address after: 523000 Dongguan City, Guangdong City, South Green Road, Dongguan City, modern agricultural science and Technology Park, No. 6

Applicant after: Guangdong Olympic ecological environment Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: 523000 Dongguan, Guangdong City, South Green Road, modern agricultural science and Technology Park, No. 6

Applicant before: Guangdong Zhuo Garden Co., Ltd.

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Denomination of invention: A soil modification agent for landscape

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Pledgee: China Co. truction Bank Corp Dongguan branch

Pledgor: Guangdong Zhuao Ecological Environment Co.,Ltd.

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