CN105409531A - Disease and insect pest occurrence reducing lotus root planting method for lotus root ponds - Google Patents

Disease and insect pest occurrence reducing lotus root planting method for lotus root ponds Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105409531A
CN105409531A CN201510840467.1A CN201510840467A CN105409531A CN 105409531 A CN105409531 A CN 105409531A CN 201510840467 A CN201510840467 A CN 201510840467A CN 105409531 A CN105409531 A CN 105409531A
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lotus root
planting
lotus
water
disease
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CN201510840467.1A
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刘启勇
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刘启勇
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Priority to CN201510840467.1A priority Critical patent/CN105409531A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a disease and insect pest occurrence reducing lotus root planting method for lotus root ponds. At present, the mass production of lotus roots must commonly use a mulching film backing lotus root pond planting method, the advantages of mulching film backing planting are that unified harvesting is facilitated and the embarrassment of difficulty in harvesting due to the fact that lotus roots enter mud of the ponds is avoided, however, the disadvantages of the mulching film backing planting are that water of the lotus root ponds is dead water and bacteria, parasites and diseases and insect pests multiply very easily; according to the disease and insect pest occurrence reducing lotus root planting method for the lotus root ponds, a bulldozer is used for rolling soil layers, and the soil layers are backed with anti-seepage modified sludge, so that water is effectively prevented from leaking excessively quickly, and meanwhile, the lotus roots hardly enter mud soil; and meanwhile, ploughed bottom soil is disinfected and decontaminated, so that hazards resulting from diseases and insect pests are further reduced, and a planting method which is nearly free of the diseases and insect pests is achieved.

Description

A kind of lotus root pond kind lotus root method reducing damage by disease and insect and occur
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technology field of plantation, be specifically related to a kind of lotus root pond kind lotus root method reducing damage by disease and insect and occur.
Background technology
The mud content of organic matter detecting city lotus pool reaches more than 9.6%, higher than nearly 2.5 times of general soil, clay mineral comparision contents is wherein high, by the understanding to municipal sludge, what emphasis utilized it is its higher content of organic matter, loose porous structure, trickle soil structure makes it possess certain natural characterization of adsorption simultaneously.
Root channel is an important kind of soil macropore, essence by root system of plant in the process of growth and the duct that formed in soil after root system death, traditional root channel is important refer to the dead corruption of root system of plant after the duct that formed in soil, and live body root system is the further extension of root channel with the hole of Zinc fractions in process of growth, can also say it is " multimedium interface " between plants and soil, be made up of water, gas, soil, microorganism and root system of plant.For the root hole that live body root growth is formed, due to the activity etc. of the absorption of root system, secretion and rhizospheric microorganism, define the lasting interface that a Root Absorption-secretion-microbial metabolism-air transmission-solute flows.Because it forms extensive continuous print large aperture hole in soil, soil moisture and solute is made to form Preferential flow, significant in soil water conservancy diversion; And Root decomposition thing abundant in hole, in addition the transport of moisture, solute and air, for microorganism provides good growth interface and condition, formed so-called " microbial film ", so the effect of this type of root hole in the migration and conversion of soil solute is also considerable.So the microorganism around macrovoid has higher biomass and metabolic activity, such as denitrification etc.
Summary of the invention
The present invention, according to the habit of growth of nursery stock, works out a kind of implantation methods method being suitable for nursery stock and growing to certain phase and carry out transplanting, effectively improves the survival rate of fruit tree or view nursery stock, realize the plantation of science, realize particular by following method:
Reduce the lotus root pond kind lotus root method that damage by disease and insect occurs, it is characterized in that, comprise following step:
(1) after choosing planting site, bulldozer soil-shifting is carried out to planting site, make the lotus root pond of the degree of depth at 1.5 ~ 2m, bulldozer repeats to roll lotus root pond simultaneously, subsoil is hardened, then by water content, after the municipal sludge of 80 ~ 90wt%, blue brick powder mix in the ratio of 50:10:3 with curing additive, flat brush is in cheat, and thickness is 6 ~ 10cm, standing air-dry 6 ~ 10h after completing;
(2) then every mu by quicklime 50 ~ 60 parts, dislike mould clever 4 ~ 7 parts, TCCA (Trichloroisocyanuric acid) 4 ~ 6 parts, carbendazim 8 ~ 10 parts mixing after join in 1000 ~ 1200 parts, the subsoil dug, discharge water after soaking 2 ~ 3 days and dry, be exposed to the sun under sunlight 6 ~ 8 days, pour in the lotus root pond described in (1) after completing, add the organic 200 ~ 300Kg/ mu of fermentation simultaneously, wheat stalk 60 ~ 80Kg/ the mu smashed, MAP 30 ~ 40Kg/ mu, adds water to liquid level and exceeds mud layer 30 ~ 40cm after fully mixing thoroughly;
(3) annual early April carries out the seeding and seedling raising of lotus rhizome seed, and then execute urea 20 ~ 30Kg mid-May every mu, phosphate fertilizer 50 ~ 80Kg, follow-up water and fertilizer management is planting requirement and method routinely.
Described step (1) curing additive is first that the novolac epoxy resin 15 ~ 20 of unit puts into reactor by weight portion, add water 80 and solvent propyl alcohol 5 ~ 8, be heated to 65 ~ 80 DEG C of stirring and dissolving, then trimethylolpropane 2 ~ 4 and epoxy prapanol 4 ~ 7 is added, be incubated 80 DEG C and under the rotating speed of 300 ~ 350r/min, stir composite 1.5 ~ 2h and become aqueous phase, then another standby container, mixing rapeseed oil 20 ~ 25 and alkylphenol polyoxyethylene 3 ~ 5, add the cement 10 ~ 15 of mixing simultaneously, white lime 4 ~ 8 and ash 2 ~ 5, high-speed stirred, disperse and evenly become oil phase, finally slowly be added in aforementioned aqueous phase, high-speed intermittent clipper shears 30 ~ 40min, after abundant mixing, uniformly emulsion obtains,
The fermentation organic matter of described step (2) is is the beer groove 10 ~ 15 of unit by weight portion, cottonseed cake 45 ~ 55, sheep excrement ball 25 ~ 30, soybean curb residue 20 ~ 25, chicken farm equalizing bed 15 ~ 20, granatum 10 ~ 14, potassium permanganate 6 ~ 8, medical stone powder 5 ~ 10, wormwood stalk 15 ~ 20, paper mulberry bark 8 ~ 14 mix, add water in right amount and regulate water content 45 ~ 55%, spray the enzyme agent 2 ~ 3 of 10 times of dilutions, heap fermentation 22 ~ 26 days, then add water and be milled to uniform thickener, finally dry the powder obtained.
The plantation feature of view nursery stock and fruit nursery stock is: the trees or the fruit tree that are no matter view, plantlet stage is from the beginning just impossible, plant so-called large Tanaka, large-scale tree is generally by the catalysis of seed, germinate, resistance strengthens process, after growing into certain phase, just large Tanaka can be transplanted to after all reaching requirement in every respect, the fruit tree in brephic is more weak, so for the culture environment of seedling and the treatment of each side all different, two stages are divided at the vegetative stage of whole nursery stock, seed sprouting start to Seedling Stage be a stage, qualified seedling replanting is another stage to land for growing field crops, orchard or Landscape Region, previous stage can carry out heat and moisture preserving vernalization to seed mostly, greenhouse cultivation, spray the foliage fertilizers such as amino acid as source of nutrition, seedling is generally looked after fairly simple, be easy to management, and second stage is just difficult to later effectively safeguard carrying out system always, focus on the management of transplanting rear nursery stock so of the present invention, carry out primary study to transplanting process, the nursery stock after transplanting after all is just related to this nursery stock using value from now on.
The present invention mainly uses following two technical characterstics, one is adopt lotus pool mud, bed-silt or municipal sludge as main body, add a certain amount of curing additive, mud is made to possess certain ability to cure, make to soften, fine and smooth mud is cross-linked to each other and do not lump, the effect in airtight trickle cavity, effectively slows down moisture penetration, plays an important role in follow-up moisture adjustment;
Second feature utilizes the elasticity of stalk to manufacture soft soil horizon, a certain amount of agricultural crop straw can be added, such as wheat stalk, paddy rice and sesame stalk, slower in order to prevent stalk from rotting, add a certain amount of urea, accelerate Straw decomposing, the ammoniation of similar stalk, the stereochemical structure of wheat stalk realizes SOIL DISTRIBUTION and loosens, the feature that hole is larger, the present invention is used in the field planting hole of land for growing field crops nursery stock, it can leave root hole after rotting in soil, be conducive to organic matter, the circulations such as moisture, for long-term motionless soil perennial nursery stock be even more important, simultaneously in order to the moisture near the large-scale seedling root of available protecting, the present invention adopts another technical essential, mud combined additive is utilized to prepare impervious barrier exactly, the particularly important is and not only can prevent moisture penetration, the effect that can also block due to current is run off the organic matter and inorganic nutritive element that are dissolved in water.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the lotus root pond implantation methods of what the volume production of lotus rhizome must be commonly used now is exactly pad ground membrane type, advantage is that results are convenient to unified results, lotus rhizome pond sludge is avoided to be difficult to the embarrassment collected, but the shortcoming of pad mulching film planting is: the moisture in lotus root pond belongs to stagnant water, be easy to breed bacteria, parasite and damage by disease and insect, the present invention rolls soil layer by bulldozer, antiseepage modification mud on pad, effectively prevent the too fast seepage of moisture, lotus rhizome not easily pierces in earth simultaneously, simultaneously to the subsoil sterilization of digging, purification, the harm of further minimizing damage by disease and insect, realize a kind of almost without the implantation methods of damage by disease and insect.
Embodiment
Embodiment:
Reduce the lotus root pond kind lotus root method that damage by disease and insect occurs, it is characterized in that, comprise following step:
(1) after choosing planting site, bulldozer soil-shifting is carried out to planting site, make the lotus root pond of the degree of depth at 1.5 ~ 2m, bulldozer repeats to roll lotus root pond simultaneously, subsoil is hardened, then by water content, after the municipal sludge of 80 ~ 90wt%, blue brick powder mix in the ratio of 50:10:3 with curing additive, flat brush is in cheat, and thickness is 6 ~ 10cm, standing air-dry 6 ~ 10h after completing;
(2) then every mu by quicklime 50 ~ 60 parts, dislike mould clever 4 ~ 7 parts, TCCA (Trichloroisocyanuric acid) 4 ~ 6 parts, carbendazim 8 ~ 10 parts mixing after join in 1000 ~ 1200 parts, the subsoil dug, discharge water after soaking 2 ~ 3 days and dry, be exposed to the sun under sunlight 6 ~ 8 days, pour in the lotus root pond described in (1) after completing, add the organic 200 ~ 300Kg/ mu of fermentation simultaneously, wheat stalk 60 ~ 80Kg/ the mu smashed, MAP 30 ~ 40Kg/ mu, adds water to liquid level and exceeds mud layer 30 ~ 40cm after fully mixing thoroughly;
(3) annual early April carries out the seeding and seedling raising of lotus rhizome seed, and then execute urea 20 ~ 30Kg mid-May every mu, phosphate fertilizer 50 ~ 80Kg, follow-up water and fertilizer management is planting requirement and method routinely.
Described step (1) curing additive is that the novolac epoxy resin 16 being first unit by weight portion (Kg) puts into reactor, add water 80 and solvent propyl alcohol 7, be heated to 65 ~ 80 DEG C of stirring and dissolving, then trimethylolpropane 3 and epoxy prapanol 6 is added, be incubated 80 DEG C and under the rotating speed of 300 ~ 350r/min, stir composite 1.5 ~ 2h and become aqueous phase, then another standby container, mixing rapeseed oil 22 and alkylphenol polyoxyethylene 4, add the cement 12 of mixing simultaneously, white lime 7 and ash 4, high-speed stirred, disperse and evenly become oil phase, finally slowly be added in aforementioned aqueous phase, high-speed intermittent clipper shears 30 ~ 40min, after abundant mixing, uniformly emulsion obtains,
The beer groove 12 that the fermentation organic matter of described step (2) is is unit by weight portion (Kg), cottonseed cake 50, sheep excrement ball 26, soybean curb residue 24 chicken farm equalizing bed 18, granatum 14, potassium permanganate 7, medical stone powder 9, wormwood stalk 18, paper mulberry bark 9 mix, add water in right amount and regulate water content 45 ~ 55%, spray the enzyme agent 2 of 10 times of dilutions, heap fermentation 22 ~ 26 days, then add water and be milled to uniform thickener, finally dry the powder obtained.
Adopt a kind of lotus root pond kind lotus root method reducing damage by disease and insect and occur of the present invention, greatly reduce the incidence of lotus rhizome damage by disease and insect in lotus root pond, the output of lotus rhizome promotes steadily, economic boost 24.8%.

Claims (3)

1. reduce the lotus root pond kind lotus root method that damage by disease and insect occurs, it is characterized in that, comprise following step:
(1) after choosing planting site, bulldozer soil-shifting is carried out to planting site, make the lotus root pond of the degree of depth at 1.5 ~ 2m, bulldozer repeats to roll lotus root pond simultaneously, subsoil is hardened, then by water content, after the municipal sludge of 80 ~ 90wt%, blue brick powder mix in the ratio of 50:10:3 with curing additive, flat brush is in cheat, and thickness is 6 ~ 10cm, standing air-dry 6 ~ 10h after completing;
(2) then every mu by quicklime 50 ~ 60 parts, dislike mould clever 4 ~ 7 parts, TCCA (Trichloroisocyanuric acid) 4 ~ 6 parts, carbendazim 8 ~ 10 parts mixing after join in 1000 ~ 1200 parts, the subsoil dug, discharge water after soaking 2 ~ 3 days and dry, be exposed to the sun under sunlight 6 ~ 8 days, pour in the lotus root pond described in (1) after completing, add the organic 200 ~ 300Kg/ mu of fermentation simultaneously, wheat stalk 60 ~ 80Kg/ the mu smashed, MAP 30 ~ 40Kg/ mu, adds water to liquid level and exceeds mud layer 30 ~ 40cm after fully mixing thoroughly;
(3) annual early April carries out the seeding and seedling raising of lotus rhizome seed, and then execute urea 20 ~ 30Kg mid-May every mu, phosphate fertilizer 50 ~ 80Kg, follow-up water and fertilizer management is planting requirement and method routinely.
2. according to claim 1 a kind of reduce damage by disease and insect occur lotus root pond kind lotus root method, it is characterized in that, described step (1) curing additive is first that the novolac epoxy resin 15 ~ 20 of unit puts into reactor by weight portion, add water 80 and solvent propyl alcohol 5 ~ 8, be heated to 65 ~ 80 DEG C of stirring and dissolving, then trimethylolpropane 2 ~ 4 and epoxy prapanol 4 ~ 7 is added, be incubated 80 DEG C and under the rotating speed of 300 ~ 350r/min, stir composite 1.5 ~ 2h and become aqueous phase, then another standby container, mixing rapeseed oil 20 ~ 25 and alkylphenol polyoxyethylene 3 ~ 5, add the cement 10 ~ 15 of mixing simultaneously, white lime 4 ~ 8 and ash 2 ~ 5, high-speed stirred, disperse and evenly become oil phase, finally slowly be added in aforementioned aqueous phase, high-speed intermittent clipper shears 30 ~ 40min, after abundant mixing, uniformly emulsion obtains.
3. according to claim 1 a kind of reduce damage by disease and insect occur lotus root pond kind lotus root method, it is characterized in that, the fermentation organic matter of described step (2) is the beer groove 10 ~ 15 of unit by weight portion, cottonseed cake 45 ~ 55, sheep excrement ball 25 ~ 30, soybean curb residue 20 ~ 25, chicken farm equalizing bed 15 ~ 20, granatum 10 ~ 14, potassium permanganate 6 ~ 8, medical stone powder 5 ~ 10, wormwood stalk 15 ~ 20, paper mulberry bark 8 ~ 14 mixes, add water in right amount and regulate water content 45 ~ 55%, spray the enzyme agent 2 ~ 3 of 10 times of dilutions, heap fermentation 22 ~ 26 days, then add water and be milled to uniform thickener, finally dry the powder obtained.
CN201510840467.1A 2015-11-27 2015-11-27 Disease and insect pest occurrence reducing lotus root planting method for lotus root ponds Pending CN105409531A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105900562A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-08-31 丁广礼 Planting method of pest-resistant lotus roots
CN105900660A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-08-31 丁广礼 Lotus root planting method preventing nutrient loss
CN107141145A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-09-08 江苏金山东篱农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of apocarya in shale Hills
CN108586029A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-09-28 蚌埠市代双莲藕种植专业合作社 A kind of lotus rhizome high yield composite fertilizer
CN110463554A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-19 浙江东润建设有限公司 A kind of lotus implantation methods
CN112243628A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-01-22 马鞍山市良田农业科技有限公司 Lotus root pond bottom sludge treatment method for preventing lotus root diseases

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CN105009860A (en) * 2015-06-24 2015-11-04 安徽省舒城县舒丰现代农业科技开发有限责任公司 Anti-seepage planting method for precocious lotus roots

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105900562A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-08-31 丁广礼 Planting method of pest-resistant lotus roots
CN105900660A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-08-31 丁广礼 Lotus root planting method preventing nutrient loss
CN107141145A (en) * 2017-07-10 2017-09-08 江苏金山东篱农业有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of apocarya in shale Hills
CN108586029A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-09-28 蚌埠市代双莲藕种植专业合作社 A kind of lotus rhizome high yield composite fertilizer
CN110463554A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-19 浙江东润建设有限公司 A kind of lotus implantation methods
CN112243628A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-01-22 马鞍山市良田农业科技有限公司 Lotus root pond bottom sludge treatment method for preventing lotus root diseases
CN112243628B (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-10-15 马鞍山市良田农业科技有限公司 Lotus root pond bottom sludge treatment method for preventing lotus root diseases

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Application publication date: 20160323