CN107324931A - A kind of soil amendment fertilizer for salt-soda soil - Google Patents

A kind of soil amendment fertilizer for salt-soda soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107324931A
CN107324931A CN201710788113.6A CN201710788113A CN107324931A CN 107324931 A CN107324931 A CN 107324931A CN 201710788113 A CN201710788113 A CN 201710788113A CN 107324931 A CN107324931 A CN 107324931A
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soil
stalk
fertilizer
atcc
salt
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郑长明
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郑长明
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D3/00Calcareous fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of soil amendment fertilizer for salt-soda soil, is prepared from by the following method:(1)Stalk is collected after crop harvesting, a section shape is ground into, then stalk is transported to rand or low-lying land nearby, stalk is carried out and piles up;(2)Microbial bacterial agent is shifted to an earlier date into 24h plus 10 times of water dilution activation, according to the microbial bacterial agent after 20% addition dilution of stalk weight, after being well mixed, normal temperature fermentation obtains stalk fermentation product;(4)According to 30 parts of stalk fermentation product, 25 parts of chicken manure, 5 parts of turf, part by weight addition chicken manure, turf and the land plaster that 4 part of land plaster, it is well mixed after obturaged with mud or black plastic agricultural film, continue 10 d that ferment, produce.The inventive method significantly improves the soil organism and soil nutrient content, improves soil biochemistry characteristic, improves the comprehensive fertility level of soil, the saline alkali of improved soil.

Description

A kind of soil amendment fertilizer for salt-soda soil
Technical field
The invention belongs to biological husbantry technical field, and in particular to a kind of soil amendment fertilizer for salt-soda soil.
Background technology
Salt-soda soil is a species of salt aggregation, refers to that the salinity contained by inside soil has influence on the normal life of crop Long, according to UNESCO and food and agricultural organization's incomplete statistics, the area in whole world salt-soda soil is 9.5438 hundred million hectares, Wherein China is 99,130,000 hectares.The formation of China's alkaline earth and alkali-affected soil, it is most of accumulative relevant with Carbonates In Soil, Thus basicity is universal higher, and serious salt affected soil regional plant can hardly survive.
Various saline-alkali soil are formed under certain natural conditions, and its essence formed is mainly various ease of solubility salt Class makees redistributing for horizontal direction and vertical direction on ground, so that upper soll layer of the salinity in collection salt area is built up Get up.The principal element of influence saline-alkali soil formation has:1st, weather conditions, China northeast, northwest, North China it is arid, semiarid Area, precipitation is small, and evaporation capacity is big, and the salinity being dissolved in water is easily in upper soll layer accumulation.Summer rainwater is more and concentrates, greatly Amount soluble-salt is seeped into lower floor with water or flowed away, here it is " desalination " season;Spring evaporation from topsoil is strong, in underground water Salinity rises with capillary and is gathered in upper soll layer, and this is main " accumulation of salt in the surface soil " season.Northeast, North China, semiarid zone Saline-alkali soil has significantly " desalination " " accumulation of salt in the surface soil " season, and the Northwest, due to precipitation seldom, the seasonal variety of soil salt It is unobvious.2nd, geographical conditions landform positions height is very big on the formation of saline-alkali soil influence, landform height directly affect surface water and The motion of underground water, also just moves and accumulates substantial connection with salinity, in terms of megarelief, water soluble salt with water from eminence to Lower is moved, in low lying areas accumulation.Saline-alkali soil is mainly distributed on the Plain of interior basin, intermountain depression and flat impeded drainage The distant Plain in area, such as pine.From ninor feature(In subrange)From the point of view of, with megarelief antithesis, salinity is often accumulated salt accumulation in soil situation Gather in local small convex.3rd, the soil texture and underground water, quality thickness can influence the speed that soil capillary water is moved and height, In general, the loamy soil capillary rate of climb is very fast, and height is also high, and sand and clay salification are slow.Influence on groundwater soil The saline and alkaline key issue of earth is the height of level of ground water and the size of the degree of mineralization of ground water, and level of ground water is high, and salinity is big, easily Salification.4th, the influence river and the soil of channel both sides of river and seawater, raise level of ground water because being oozed river side, promote product Salt.Coastal area can form coastal saline-alkali soil because of Seawater immersion.5th, flood overflows when some improper places of cultivation management are watered Fill, or low laying areas only fills and do not arrange so that level of ground water rises and salification quickly, make it is original become salt-soda soil well, this Individual process is secondary salinization.To prevent secondary salinization, water conservancy projects wants irrigation and drainage supporting, forbids broad irrigation, will after pouring water Timely hoe.
The basic reason of saline-alkali soil formation is that water regime is bad, so at the initial stage of improvement, emphasis should be placed on improvement soil Above the water regime of earth.Improvement of the prior art to salt-soda soil is divided into following aspects:Water conservancy is improved, the row of Erecting and improving Fill system, accomplishes to fill, arranges and separate, strengthen management of the use of water, strictly control groundwater level, by flushing of pouring water, draws flood and warps, Salinity constantly in elution and exclusion soil.Agricultural technology improve, by deep plough, level land, be filled with soil moved in improve the original, lid grass, turn over silt, Gai Sha, applying organic manure etc. improve soil constituent and structure, strengthen soil moisture monitoring, accelerate salt leaching.Biological modification, is planted Plant and turn over green manure herbage, straw-returning, using bacterial manure, plantation salt-tolerant plant, afforestation etc., increase soil fertility, improvement Soil texture, and improve agricultural microclimate, evaporation from topsoil is reduced, suppresses the accumulation of salt in the surface soil.Chemical modifying, to alkaline earth, alkali soil, Soviet Union Beat solonchak and apply the modifying agents such as gypsum, black alum, reduction or elimination soil alkali point, improved soil physicochemical property.Various measures should Notice that synthesis is used, more to suit measures to local conditions, can just attain the results expected.
Agricultural crop straw is abundant agricultural resource, containing substantial amounts of organic matter, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace element, is agricultural One of important organic fertilizer resource of production.Research is found, using rice straw bio-organic fertilizer, and natural pond fertilizer can improve crop root work Power, while can also improve the yield and quality, and long-term chemical fertilizer and organic fertilizer can significantly improve the soil organism and soil with applying Earth nutrient content, improves soil biochemistry characteristic, improves the comprehensive fertility level of soil, the saline alkali of improved soil, soil Fertility is influenceed to change rapidly by fertilization factors, and straw compost returning to the field, which has, improves soil physical property, supplement soil The effects such as earth nutrient, raising Content of available nutrient in soils, improvement soil microenvironment.And straw-returning can promote microorganism Activity.Edaphon has the important function for decomposing the soil organism and purification soil in whole Agro-ecological System.Have The synthesis of machine thing is usually completed by plant leaf green, and the decomposition of organic matter is then completed by microorganism.Straw-returning gives soil micro- life Thing adds mass energy material, and all kinds of micro organism quantities and enzymatic activity also accordingly increase;Micro- life can be increased by carrying out straw-returning Thing 18.9%, contact enzymatic activity can increase by 33%, and invertase activity can increase by 47%, and urease can increase by 17%.This speeds up The conversion of decomposition and mineral matter nutrient to organic substance, make the increase of the elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium in soil, and soil nutrient has Effect property also increases.The black colloid such as cellulose, lignin, polysaccharide and humic acid for being produced after being converted through microorganism decomposition Thing, with the ability for bonding grogs, organic and inorganic complex is formed with clay mineral, promotes Zinc fractions crumb structure, Mitigate volume weight of soils, increase soil reclaimed water, fertilizer, the coordination ability of air and heat improve soil water-retaining, fertilizer conservation, the ability of fertilizer, Improve soil physical and chemical property.
The content of the invention
The present invention is solved carries out the not good defect of reclamation result using stalk fertilizer in the prior art, by jade The comprehensive study of rice stalk and straw compost is utilized, and has been inquired into improvement of the different returning to the field modes of maize straw to soil fertility and has been imitated Really.
The present invention carries out reasonable compatibility between fermentation returning to the field of becoming thoroughly decomposed, each strain, symbiosis association to stalk using microorganism formulation Adjust, mutually not antagonism, its preparation method is easy, easy to implement the method, because material is thoroughly become thoroughly decomposed during processing, produce big Functional microorganism and a variety of metabolites such as plant hormone, antibiotic etc. are measured, so as to stimulate crop growth, soil is improved Nutrient, improved soil structure improves chemical fertilizer utilization ratio.
The present invention adopts the following technical scheme that realization:
A kind of method of improved soil saline alkali, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)Ground surface soil is deep ploughed 30-50cm, large clod claps broken, smooth, hangs 1d;
(2)Using loosing soil agent, 40-50kg/ mus of consumption, deep plough 30-50cm again, fully mixes, the loosing soil agent For rice husk;
(3)Using soil amendment fertilizer, 150-200kg/ mus of mu amount of application, then with deep plough machinery deep ploughing 30-50cm, the soil Earth improves fertilizer, is prepared by fermenting crops straws;
(4)Cultivate Salt And Alkali Tolerance crops.
The step(4)Optimization cultivation peanut.
The soil amendment fertilizer, is prepared from by the following method:
(1)Stalk is collected after crop harvesting, a section shape is ground into, then stalk is transported to rand or low-lying land nearby, straw are carried out Stalk is piled up;
(2)Microbial bacterial agent is shifted to an earlier date into 24h plus 10 times of water dilution activation, according to micro- life after 20% addition dilution of stalk weight Thing microbial inoculum, after being well mixed, normal temperature fermentation detects fermentate temperature in fermentation process, when temperature rises to more than 60 DEG C, turned over Heap, hereafter every other day turning once, and detects the moisture content of material, terminates fermentation when moisture content≤25%, obtains stalk Tunning;
(3)According to 30 parts of stalk fermentation product, 25 parts of chicken manure, 5 parts of turf, the part by weight addition chicken manure that 4 part of land plaster, turf And land plaster, obturaged after being well mixed with mud or black plastic agricultural film, continue 10 d that ferment, produce.
The microbial bacterial agent is by composite bacteria liquid and wheat bran 3:4 weight is than preparing;
The composite bacteria liquid is by azotobacter chroococcum, streptococcus thermophilus, Trichoderma viride, and ferment Cytophaga, the huge gemma bar of phosphorus decomposing Bacterium, Cellumomonas flavigena is according to 8:5:4:3:3:2 volume ratio mixing.
Azotobacter chroococcum (Azotobacter chroococcum) ATCC 4412;
The streptococcus thermophilus(Streptococcus thermophilus)ATCC 19258
The Trichoderma viride is(Trichoderma viride)ATCC 9645;
It is described fermentation Cytophaga be(Cytophaga fermentans)ATCC 19072;
The phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium is(Bacillus megaterium)ATCC 14581;
The Cellumomonas flavigena is(Cellulomonas flavigena)ATCC 482.
The preparation method of the composite bacteria liquid is as follows:By azotobacter chroococcum, streptococcus thermophilus, Trichoderma viride, ferment Cytophaga, Phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium, it is 1-5 × 10 that Cellumomonas flavigena is cultivated to concentration respectively9Individual/ml bacterium solution, then according to 8: 5:4:3:3:2 volume ratio mixing, is produced;Composite bacteria liquid in the range of this bacteria concentration, meeting quick composting stalk, if bacterium Number is smaller, then the time that stalk is recovered can extend, the sowing of one batch of crop so under the influence of meeting, and bacterium number excessively can increase training Form this.
The agricultural crop straw organic fertilizer digs out returning to the field from cellar for storing things, according to 150-200kg/ mus of amount of application that organic fertilizer is equal Even spread fertilizer over the fields uses in field as base manure, spreads fertilizer over the fields and field is turned over after finishing.
Strain of the present invention can be from American Type Culture collection warehousing(ATCC)It is commercially available etc. commercial sources.
The bacterium solution of concentration needed for strain of the present invention can be obtained by conventional cultural method, as space is limited, and Do not repeat one by one.
The present invention use rice husk for loosing soil agent, the rice husk adsorptivity by force, can adsorber acid to greatest extent, it is effective in With the alkalescence of nursery soil, it is easy to crop normal growth, turf is the excellent organic fertilizer for improveing alkaline soil, and salt rejection rate is high.Profit Chemical modifying can be carried out with land plaster, gypsum organic matter mixing salt rejection rate is high, and can reduce pH value.It is compound that the present invention is provided There is good cooperative effect between bacterium solution microorganism;There is efficient degradation property to stalks such as the corn, the paddy rice that are difficult to degrade, The microbial inoculum is mainly used in crop material decomposition into field in agricultural planting, is translated into efficient, safe and environment-friendly biological organic Fertilizer.Field straw can rapidly be become thoroughly decomposed at one week or so, the microbial inoculum relative to prior art greatly reduces the time of becoming thoroughly decomposed, solved There is the problem of slow, returning to the field of becoming thoroughly decomposed is difficult in crops straw returning field, improve soil organic matter content, serve that " land used is supported The effect on ground ", has cracked the quagmire that government encourages, peasant slacks off in straw-returning problem for a long time.
Microbe species collocation of the present invention is reasonable, with strong complementarity by the synergy of several different strains, It can rapidly be bred using rear composite bacteria liquid, form dominant population, and can be brought rapidly up, promote the decomposition of stalk, and heap The nutrient content such as organic matter is high after corruption;Can using dominant bacteria destroy stalk eucaryotic cell structure, effectively facilitate starch, protein, The dissolution of the active ingredients such as cellulose, lignin, so that the oxidation such as protein, cellulose, lignin of most of difficult degradation Decompose, to mitigate the pressure of subsequent degradation;
The mutual not antagonism of biological agent of the present invention, synergy not only has the powerful effect of becoming thoroughly decomposed, and fermenting to organic materials A large amount of function bacteriums are also bred in journey and a variety of special efficacy metabolites are produced, so that crop growth is stimulated, raising crop disease-resistant, Drought resisting, cold tolerance, function bacterium enter soil after, can fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, increase soil nutrient, improved soil structure, Improve chemical fertilizer utilization ratio.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
A kind of method of improved soil saline alkali, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)Ground surface soil is deep ploughed 40cm, large clod claps broken, smooth, hangs 1d;
(2)Using loosing soil agent, 50kg/ mus of consumption, deep plough 40cm again, fully mixes, and the loosing soil agent is rice husk;
(3)Using soil amendment fertilizer, 180kg/ mus of mu amount of application, then with deep plough machinery deep ploughing 40cm, the soil improvement Fertilizer, is prepared by fermenting crops straws;
(4)Cultivate peanut.
The soil amendment fertilizer, is prepared from by the following method:
(1)Stalk is collected after harvest corn, a section shape is ground into, then stalk is transported to rand or low-lying land nearby, stalk is carried out Pile up;
(2)Microbial bacterial agent is shifted to an earlier date into 24h plus 10 times of water dilution activation, according to micro- life after 20% addition dilution of stalk weight Thing microbial inoculum, after being well mixed, normal temperature fermentation detects fermentate temperature in fermentation process, when temperature rises to more than 60 DEG C, turned over Heap, hereafter every other day turning once, and detects the moisture content of material, terminates fermentation when moisture content≤25%, obtains stalk Tunning;
(3)According to 30 parts of stalk fermentation product, 25 parts of chicken manure, 5 parts of turf, the part by weight addition chicken manure that 4 part of land plaster, turf And land plaster, obturaged after being well mixed with mud or black plastic agricultural film, continue 10 d that ferment, produce.
The microbial bacterial agent is by composite bacteria liquid and wheat bran 3:4 weight is than preparing;
The composite bacteria liquid is by azotobacter chroococcum, streptococcus thermophilus, Trichoderma viride, and ferment Cytophaga, the huge gemma bar of phosphorus decomposing Bacterium, Cellumomonas flavigena is according to 8:5:4:3:3:2 volume ratio mixing.
Azotobacter chroococcum (Azotobacter chroococcum) ATCC 4412;
The streptococcus thermophilus(Streptococcus thermophilus)ATCC 19258
The Trichoderma viride is(Trichoderma viride)ATCC 9645;
It is described fermentation Cytophaga be(Cytophaga fermentans)ATCC 19072;
The phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium is(Bacillus megaterium)ATCC 14581;
The Cellumomonas flavigena is(Cellulomonas flavigena)ATCC 482.
The preparation method of the composite bacteria liquid is as follows:By azotobacter chroococcum, streptococcus thermophilus, Trichoderma viride, ferment Cytophaga, Phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium, it is 5 × 10 that Cellumomonas flavigena is cultivated to concentration respectively9Individual/ml bacterium solution, then according to 8:5: 4:3:3:2 volume ratio mixing, is produced;Composite bacteria liquid in the range of this bacteria concentration, meeting quick composting stalk, if bacterium number Smaller, then the time that stalk is recovered can extend, the sowing of one batch of crop so under the influence of meeting, and bacterium number excessively can increase culture Cost.
The maize straw organic fertilizer digs out returning to the field from cellar for storing things, uniformly spreads fertilizer over the fields organic fertilizer according to 180kg/ mus of amounts of application Used in field as base manure, spread fertilizer over the fields and field is turned over after finishing.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of method of improved soil saline alkali, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)Ground surface soil is deep ploughed 50cm, large clod claps broken, smooth, hangs 1d;
(2)Using loosing soil agent, 50kg/ mus of consumption, deep plough 50cm again, fully mixes, and the loosing soil agent is rice husk;
(3)Using soil amendment fertilizer, 200kg/ mus of mu amount of application, then with deep plough machinery deep ploughing 50cm, the soil improvement Fertilizer, is prepared by fermenting crops straws;
(4)Cultivate Salt And Alkali Tolerance crops peanut.
The soil amendment fertilizer, is prepared from by the following method:
(1)Stalk is collected after harvest corn, a section shape is ground into, then stalk is transported to rand or low-lying land nearby, stalk is carried out Pile up;
(2)Microbial bacterial agent is shifted to an earlier date into 24h plus 10 times of water dilution activation, according to micro- life after 20% addition dilution of stalk weight Thing microbial inoculum, after being well mixed, normal temperature fermentation detects fermentate temperature in fermentation process, when temperature rises to more than 60 DEG C, turned over Heap, hereafter every other day turning once, and detects the moisture content of material, terminates fermentation when moisture content≤25%, obtains stalk Tunning;
(3)According to 30 parts of stalk fermentation product, 25 parts of chicken manure, 5 parts of turf, the part by weight addition chicken manure that 4 part of land plaster, turf And land plaster, obturaged after being well mixed with mud or black plastic agricultural film, continue 10 d that ferment, produce.
The microbial bacterial agent is by composite bacteria liquid and wheat bran 3:4 weight is than preparing;
The composite bacteria liquid is by azotobacter chroococcum, streptococcus thermophilus, Trichoderma viride, and ferment Cytophaga, the huge gemma bar of phosphorus decomposing Bacterium, Cellumomonas flavigena is according to 8:5:4:3:3:2 volume ratio mixing.
Azotobacter chroococcum (Azotobacter chroococcum) ATCC 4412;
The streptococcus thermophilus(Streptococcus thermophilus)ATCC 19258
The Trichoderma viride is(Trichoderma viride)ATCC 9645;
It is described fermentation Cytophaga be(Cytophaga fermentans)ATCC 19072;
The phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium is(Bacillus megaterium)ATCC 14581;
The Cellumomonas flavigena is(Cellulomonas flavigena)ATCC 482.
The preparation method of the composite bacteria liquid is as follows:By azotobacter chroococcum, streptococcus thermophilus, Trichoderma viride, ferment Cytophaga, Phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium, it is 5 × 10 that Cellumomonas flavigena is cultivated to concentration respectively9Individual/ml bacterium solution, then according to 8:5: 4:3:3:2 volume ratio mixing, is produced;Composite bacteria liquid in the range of this bacteria concentration, meeting quick composting stalk, if bacterium number Smaller, then the time that stalk is recovered can extend, the sowing of one batch of crop so under the influence of meeting, and bacterium number excessively can increase culture Cost.
The maize straw organic fertilizer digs out returning to the field from cellar for storing things, uniformly spreads fertilizer over the fields organic fertilizer according to 200kg/ mus of amounts of application Used in field as base manure, spread fertilizer over the fields and field is turned over after finishing.
Embodiment 3:Influence of the fermenting crops straws returning to the field to topsoil soils
1st, the soil weight is an important Testing index of soil physico-chemical property, refer in its natural state unit volume dry ground with The mass ratio of consubstantiality ponding, it reflects the structure of soil, the integrated status, the height of soil weight index such as content of organic matter The fertility of soil porosity and pore size distribution, the penetration power of soil and soil, the soil of root system of plant can be directly influenced Penetration power and root activity, further have impact on the growth and development of plant.Change the soil weight of salinized soil, make the soil weight Diminish, soil becomes loose, with good porosity, water content amount increase is only the important mesh in saline-alkali soil soil improvement Mark.
Soil porosity, it refer to the gas permeability of its size of the very rate of soil solid particle and soil, water penetration, Moisture storage capacity, holds fertile ability, and the workability of soil of soil has inseparable relation, the also growth and development state with crop There is direct relation.The granular size of the soil of salinized soil, the porousness of soil, the content of organic matter and the soil texture are all straight The porosity for determining soil is connect, therefore calculates the soil porosity of salinized soil important data branch is also provided for soil improvement Hold.
Water-stable aggregate is the scattered soil mass of water resistant power, and soil water stability structure is acted on particularly regulation soil fertility Significantly.Water-stable aggregate content is determined, is contributed to soil fertility, the evaluation of soil texture.
Test group is:Increase soil fertility using embodiment 1-2 soil amendment fertilizer;
Control group is produced for routinely operation, and the chemical fertilizer of equivalent weight is used in the same fertilising stage, and remaining operation is same Embodiment 1.Experiment concrete outcome is shown in Table 1:
Influence of the stalk fermentation of table 1 fertilizer to soil
Group Unit weight Water content % Soil water stability performance percentage Total porosity(%)
Control group 1.42 7.89 7.24 25.19
Embodiment 1 1.21 10.05 10.79 37.12
Embodiment 2 1.21 10.11 10.89 37.23
As it can be seen from table 1 after soil amendment fertilizer using embodiment 1-2, the physicochemical property of soil has obtained very big change Become, reduce the soil weight, add soil porosity, improve water content and soil water stability performance percentage, The overall physical properties of soil are improved.
2nd, the same soil pH and salt content to being improved using the inventive method of the present invention carries out result measure:
Influence of the stalk fermentation of table 2 fertilizer to soil pH
Group Original pH pH(After 6 months) pH(After 1 year)
Control group 8.29 8.15 8.17
Embodiment 1 8.29 8.04 7.26
Embodiment 2 8.29 8.06 7.21
Influence of the stalk fermentation of table 3 fertilizer to soil salt content
Group Original salt content g/kg Salt content g/kg(After 1 year) Salt content g/kg(After 2 years)
Control group 0.37 0.33 0.35
Embodiment 1 0.37 0.19 0.12
Embodiment 2 0.37 0.17 0.11
From 2- tables 3, using the inventive method, there is the improvement result of highly significant to the salt content and pH of soil.
Acted synergistically in the application composite bacteria liquid of embodiment 4 between each composition
It regard composite bacteria liquid made from embodiment one as experimental group;
Compare one group:Without azotobacter chroococcum, remaining be the same as Example 1;
Compare two groups:Without streptococcus thermophilus, remaining be the same as Example 1;
Compare three groups:Without Trichoderma viride, remaining be the same as Example 1;
Compare four groups:Without fermentation Cytophaga, remaining be the same as Example 1;
Compare five groups:Without phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium, remaining be the same as Example 1;
Compare six groups:Without Cellumomonas flavigena, remaining be the same as Example 1;
Blank control group:Without composite bacteria liquid, the blank control group of water is only added.
8 experimental groups altogether, 2 repetitions are tested.Stalk is taken to be intercepted, it is ensured that the stalk of every group of experiment quite, is protected Hold and apply water, temperature, humidity, sunlight sunshine condition unanimously, other conditions are also essentially identical.
Respectively by 8 experimental group composite bacteria liquids(Blank group only water)Carry the previous day plus 10 times of water dilutions obtain dilution activation Liquid, according to 20% addition dilution activating solution of stalk weight,
All experimental groups are placed in identical environment and the daily degree of becoming thoroughly decomposed of Timing measurement temperature, humidity change, and stalk.
All groups compare degradation effect ginseng according to cellulose degradation rate, hemicellulose degradation rate and Lignin degradation rate It is shown in Table 4;
The straw degradative contrast test of table 4
Embodiment 1 Control one Control two Control three Control four Control five Control six Blank control
Cellulose degradation rate 93.2% 72.4% 44.2% 54.7% 63.2% 63.4% 44.7% 11.71%
Hemicellulose degradation rate 91.3% 68.7% 49.5% 52.1% 61.7% 59.4% 43.5% 10.5%
Lignin degradation rate 91.4% 63.1% 53.2% 53.6% 58.6% 58.3% 46.2% 9.8%
Yield effect after the improved soil saline alkali of embodiment 5.
In the case of other cultivate condition identical, following three kinds of processing are done:
Test 1 group:Using the method for embodiment 1, peanut, peanut developmental process Routine Management fertilizer and moisture are cultivated;
Test 2 groups:Using the method for embodiment 2, peanut, peanut developmental process Routine Management fertilizer and moisture are cultivated;
Control group:Do not use step(3)Soil amendment fertilizer, remaining be the same as Example 1;
Under three kinds of dispositions, the peanut per mu yield situation in each plot is as shown in table 5.
Each plot wheat per mu yield situation of table 5
Area(Mu) Yield(Kg/ mus)
Test 1 group 4 271
Test 2 groups 3 260
Control group 3 165
As can be seen from the above table, after using the application soil amendment fertilizer, 64.2% He is increased production respectively than Routine control group 57.8%, it can be seen that, method of the invention can improve notable soil physico-chemical property, increase soil fertility, and improve crop Yield.
Although above having made detailed explanation to this case with generality explanation and embodiment, in the present invention On the basis of, it can be made some modifications or improvements, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Therefore, not Deviate the modification or improvement made on the basis of present invention spirit, belong to the scope of protection of present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of soil amendment fertilizer for salt-soda soil, it is characterised in that the soil amendment fertilizer is made by the following method It is standby to form:
(1)Stalk is collected after crop harvesting, a section shape is ground into, then stalk is transported to rand or low-lying land nearby, straw are carried out Stalk is piled up;
(2)Microbial bacterial agent is shifted to an earlier date into 24h plus 10 times of weight water dilution activation, after 20% addition dilution of stalk weight Microbial bacterial agent, after being well mixed, normal temperature fermentation obtains stalk fermentation product;
(3)According to 30 parts of stalk fermentation product, 25 parts of chicken manure, 5 parts of turf, the part by weight addition chicken manure that 4 part of land plaster, turf And land plaster, obturaged after being well mixed with mud or black plastic agricultural film, continue 10 d that ferment, produce.
2. soil amendment fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step(1)Crops are corn.
3. the soil amendment fertilizer according to claim 1-2, it is characterised in that the microbial bacterial agent by composite bacteria liquid with Wheat bran 3:4 weight is than preparing.
4. the soil amendment fertilizer according to claim 1-3, it is characterised in that the composite bacteria liquid by azotobacter chroococcum, Streptococcus thermophilus, Trichoderma viride, ferment Cytophaga, phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium, and Cellumomonas flavigena is according to 8:5:4:3: 3:2 volume ratio mixing.
5. the soil amendment fertilizer according to claim 1-4, it is characterised in that
Azotobacter chroococcum (Azotobacter chroococcum) ATCC 4412;
The streptococcus thermophilus(Streptococcus thermophilus)ATCC 19258
The Trichoderma viride is(Trichoderma viride)ATCC 9645;
It is described fermentation Cytophaga be(Cytophaga fermentans)ATCC 19072;
The phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium is(Bacillus megaterium)ATCC 14581;
The Cellumomonas flavigena is(Cellulomonas flavigena)ATCC 482.
6. the soil amendment fertilizer according to claim 1-5, it is characterised in that the preparation method of the composite bacteria liquid is as follows: By azotobacter chroococcum, streptococcus thermophilus, Trichoderma viride, ferment Cytophaga, phosphorus decomposing bacillus megaterium, Cellumomonas flavigena It is 1-5 × 10 to cultivate respectively to concentration9Individual/ml bacterium solution, then according to 8:5:4:3:3:2 volume ratio mixing.
7. improve the method for soil salt alkalescence using soil amendment fertilizer described in claim 1, it is characterised in that including following step Suddenly:
(1)Ground surface soil is deep ploughed 30-50cm, large clod claps broken, smooth, hangs;
(2)Using loosing soil agent, 40-50kg/ mus of consumption, deep plough 30-50cm again, fully mixes, the loosing soil agent For rice husk;
(3)Using soil amendment fertilizer described in claim 1,150-200kg/ mus of mu amount of application, then with deep plough machinery deep ploughing 30-50cm, the soil amendment fertilizer is prepared by fermenting crops straws;
(4)Cultivate Salt And Alkali Tolerance crops.
8. method according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the step(4)Crops be peanut.
9. soil amendment fertilizer described in claim 1-6 is used for improved soil saline alkali and increases the purposes of crop yield.
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CN107987844A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-04 河海大学 A kind of microorganism formulation of coastal reclamation area strongly salined soil quick desalination and preparation method thereof
CN108004157A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-05-08 潍坊友容实业有限公司 The preparation method and application method of salt-soda soil crop-planting compound nutritional microbial inoculum, the microbial inoculum
CN108521925A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-09-14 东北农业大学 A method of administering saline-alkali grassland using yellow storage stalk
CN108929171A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-04 黄勇洪 Biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109287184A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-02-01 黑龙江省农业科学院土壤肥料与环境资源研究所 One kind cold ground organic paddy rice plants seedbed ecology fertilizer application method
CN109729802A (en) * 2017-12-08 2019-05-10 苏州市农业科学院 The method that the salinized soil for being implanted with alkaline-resisting crop to kind launches salinized soil modifying agent
CN109734533A (en) * 2017-12-08 2019-05-10 苏州市农业科学院 Salinized soil modifying agent and its manufacturing method

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CN106187581A (en) * 2016-07-02 2016-12-07 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of salt-soda soil improvement fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106396883A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Saline and alkaline soil improvement agent including soil loosening agent, and preparation method of soil improvement agent

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CN107721602A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-02-23 西藏江平农业有限责任公司 A kind of alkaline Sandy Soil improvement matrix and preparation method thereof
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CN107987844A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-04 河海大学 A kind of microorganism formulation of coastal reclamation area strongly salined soil quick desalination and preparation method thereof
CN109729802A (en) * 2017-12-08 2019-05-10 苏州市农业科学院 The method that the salinized soil for being implanted with alkaline-resisting crop to kind launches salinized soil modifying agent
CN109734533A (en) * 2017-12-08 2019-05-10 苏州市农业科学院 Salinized soil modifying agent and its manufacturing method
CN108521925A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-09-14 东北农业大学 A method of administering saline-alkali grassland using yellow storage stalk
CN108929171A (en) * 2018-09-28 2018-12-04 黄勇洪 Biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN109287184A (en) * 2018-11-01 2019-02-01 黑龙江省农业科学院土壤肥料与环境资源研究所 One kind cold ground organic paddy rice plants seedbed ecology fertilizer application method

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