CN107168367A - Accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry - Google Patents

Accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107168367A
CN107168367A CN201710426276.XA CN201710426276A CN107168367A CN 107168367 A CN107168367 A CN 107168367A CN 201710426276 A CN201710426276 A CN 201710426276A CN 107168367 A CN107168367 A CN 107168367A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine vision
real time
pesticide spraying
crops
computer
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Application number
CN201710426276.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾新华
郑守国
朱泽德
孙熊伟
方静静
鲁炎
董文功
王春义
任建文
陈成锦
吴银秋
Original Assignee
Hefei Zhongke Pemba Technology Co Ltd
Three Front Group Co Ltd
Hefei Technology Innovation Engineering Institute of CAS
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Application filed by Hefei Zhongke Pemba Technology Co Ltd, Three Front Group Co Ltd, Hefei Technology Innovation Engineering Institute of CAS filed Critical Hefei Zhongke Pemba Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710426276.XA priority Critical patent/CN107168367A/en
Publication of CN107168367A publication Critical patent/CN107168367A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D1/00Control of position, course or altitude of land, water, air, or space vehicles, e.g. automatic pilot
    • G05D1/10Simultaneous control of position or course in three dimensions
    • G05D1/101Simultaneous control of position or course in three dimensions specially adapted for aircraft

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry, including computer, intelligent monitoring terminal, liquid crystal display device and sound prompt device, intelligent monitoring terminal, liquid crystal display device and sound prompt device are connected with computer, intelligent monitoring terminal is connected with intelligent detection device, intelligent detection device includes GPS positioning device and real time image monitoring device, and computer is also connected with spray control centre, and spray control centre is connected with unmanned plane.Compared with prior art, GPS positioning device is combined with real time image monitoring device, crops damaged by vermin can be checked in real time and accurate to damaged by vermin crop spraying medicine, to ensure crops normal growth, will not be to not having damaged by vermin crops to spray while improving the utilization rate of agricultural chemicals, pollution will not be produced to soil, the benefit with environmental protection.

Description

Accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural plant protection field, more particularly to a kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry.
Background technology
Plant protection is an essential link in agricultural production.Plant unavoidably can be by disease pest in growth course Harmful influence, in order to ensure and promote the normal growth of plant, the dispenser of efficient agricultural chemicals, advanced work tool and specification These three aspects of technology all play an important role, and influence agricultural chemicals utilization rate and the prevention effect of pest and disease damage.At present, I Not only agricultural chemicals utilization rate is low, pesticide supplying effect during advanced international standard, but the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control for state's pesticide production technology Difference, and also create exceeded Residual Pesticides in Farm Produce, environmental pollution, chemical injury of crops and operator's poisoning etc. and a series of ask Topic.According to statistics, agricultural chemicals utilization rate it is best also less than 30%, agricultural chemicals number of dropouts is up to 60%~70%.
The traditional way of spray drug operation is that the crops in certain a piece of soil are regarded as with by the pest and disease damage order of severity Identical object is managed.In fact, the pest and disease damage of crops is all first to be sent out in cell range in patch form in farmland It is raw, spread further according to respective space-time characterisation, even if above and below the earth's surface of same position, its growth for each influenceing crop and yield Have differences.Conventional spray method easily causes a large amount of losses of agricultural chemicals, and only a small amount of agricultural chemicals can be sprayed onto target On.In addition, in order to reach the conventional uniform spray drug operation pattern used to the preventing and treating purpose of diseases and pests of agronomic crop, do not spray Agricultural chemicals on to target easily causes agricultural environment pollution, so as to cause ecological environmental pollution.At present, Residual Pesticides in Farm Produce Exceeded, agricultural soil and water body pollution be mostly due to that being excessively used for agricultural chemicals is caused.So, the not only life of our people Life safety is on the hazard, while the export situation of agricultural products in China is also affected.In order to change present situation, except needing in agricultural Chemical aspect is constantly progressive, with greater need for our research and development to the accurate pesticide spraying system of agricultural chemicals.
Therefore, the use of accurate spray technique can reduce the usage amount of agricultural chemicals, prevent the harm of agricultural chemicals, so that resource Saved, ecological environment is protected, promote the sustainable development in terms of agricultural.The present invention sprays positioning spray and variable Medicine is combined, and proposes that, according to the presence or absence of spray target, the size of target crop area, the specific positioning of target damaged by vermin crop is real Locator variable spray is applied, so as to solve more accurately to spray crops.
The content of the invention
Wasting and spray it is an object of the invention to the spray for overcoming prior art, there is provided one for the inaccurate defect of target Plant based on the accurate pesticide spraying system of machine vision industry to solve the above problems.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:A kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry, including Computer, intelligent monitoring terminal, liquid crystal display device and sound prompt device, it is characterised in that:Described intelligent monitoring terminal, Liquid crystal display device and sound prompt device are connected with computer, described intelligent monitoring terminal and intelligent detection device phase Even, described intelligent detection device includes GPS positioning device and real time image monitoring device.
It is preferred that, described computer is also connected with spray control centre, described spray control centre and unmanned plane phase Even.
It is preferred that, described real time image monitoring device is the upgrowth situation for Real Time Observation crops, described GPS Positioner is the particular location for positioning damaged by vermin crops.
Preferably, described real time image monitoring device is to obtain crops life in real time using high definition CCD camera Long image information.
It is preferred that, described GPS positioning device is equipped with wireless sending module, described meter with real time image monitoring device Calculation machine is provided with wireless receiving module.
It is preferred that, described wireless sending module is wirelessly connected with wireless receiving module.
Preferably, described sound prompt device is one kind in loudspeaker, loudspeaker.
A kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry that the present invention is provided, including computer, intelligent monitoring terminal, Liquid crystal display device and sound prompt device, described intelligent monitoring terminal, liquid crystal display device and sound prompt device with Computer is connected, and described intelligent monitoring terminal is connected with intelligent detection device, and described intelligent detection device includes GPS location Device and real time image monitoring device, described computer are also connected with spray control centre, described spray control centre and Unmanned plane is connected.Compared with prior art, GPS positioning device is combined with real time image monitoring device, supervised by realtime graphic The information that control device collects the normal crops that the upgrowth situation of crops and calculator memory are stored up is compared, when discovery agriculture During crop damaged by vermin, the growth information of crops is compared when recalling the different insect pests of calculator memory storage, then selection kiss Right highest insect pest information, the particular location for the crops for meeting with insect pest is positioned by GPS positioning device, and computer, which is sent, to be referred to Make and give spray control centre, spray control centre commander's unmanned plane sprays to damaged by vermin crops in real time, to ensure crops Normal growth, pollution will not will not be produced while improving the utilization rate of agricultural chemicals to not having damaged by vermin crops to spray to soil, Benefit with environmental protection.
Brief description of the drawings
The structural representation for the accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry that Fig. 1 provides for the present invention.
Wherein, 1- computers, in 2- intelligent monitoring terminals, 3- sound prompt devices, 4- LCDs, 5- spray scheduling The heart, 6- unmanned planes, 7- intelligent detection devices, 8-GPS positioners, 9- real time image monitoring devices
Embodiment
Embodiments of the invention are elaborated below, the present embodiment is carried out lower premised on technical solution of the present invention Implement, give detailed embodiment and specific operating process, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following implementations Example.
Referring to the drawings 1, a kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry, including computer 1, intelligent monitoring terminal 2, Liquid crystal display device 4 and sound prompt device 3, described intelligent monitoring terminal 2, liquid crystal display device 4 and sound prompt device 3 It is connected with computer 1, described intelligent monitoring terminal 2 is connected with intelligent detection device 7, described intelligent detection device 7 is wrapped GPS positioning device 8 and real time image monitoring device 9 are included, described computer 1 is also connected with spray control centre 5, described spray Medicine control centre 5 is connected with unmanned plane 6.
It should be noted that real time image monitoring device 9 is the upgrowth situation for Real Time Observation crops, GPS location Device 8 is the particular location for positioning damaged by vermin crops.Described real time image monitoring device 9 is to use high definition CCD Camera to obtain the image information of crop growth in real time.
It is preferred that, described GPS positioning device 8 is equipped with wireless sending module with real time image monitoring device 9, described Computer 1 is provided with wireless receiving module, and described wireless sending module is wirelessly connected with wireless receiving module.
Preferably, described sound prompt device 3 is one kind in loudspeaker, loudspeaker, sound prompt device 3 is to be used for Prompting is located at staff's damaged by vermin information before computer, so that staff can match somebody with somebody at command scheduling center to crops in time Medicine and spray.
The present invention implementation process be:GPS positioning device 8 is combined with real time image monitoring device 9, passes through realtime graphic The upgrowth situation and the information of the normal crops of the memory storage of computer 1 that supervising device 9 collects crops are compared, and work as hair During existing crops damaged by vermin, the growth information of crops is compared when recalling the different insect pests of the memory storage of computer 1, Ran Houxuan Goodness of fit highest insect pest information is selected, the particular location for the crops for meeting with insect pest, computer 1 are positioned by GPS positioning device 8 Spray control centre 5 is sent instructions to, spray control centre 5 commander's unmanned plane 6 sprays to damaged by vermin crops in real time, to protect Crops normal growth is demonstrate,proved, the control centre 5 that now sprays also needs to check that crops are damaged by vermin according to real time image monitoring device 9 Specific size, to facilitate control centre 5 to control spray value, agricultural chemicals can not be wasted in the case where ensureing control insect pest again, I.e. will not be to not having the soil of damaged by vermin crops to produce pollution.
In summary, a kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry that the present invention is provided, including computer 1, intelligence Can monitor terminal 2, liquid crystal display device 4 and sound prompt device 3, described intelligent monitoring terminal 2, the and of liquid crystal display device 4 Sound prompt device 3 is connected with computer 1, and described intelligent monitoring terminal 2 is connected with intelligent detection device 7, described intelligence Can detection means 7 include GPS positioning device 8 and real time image monitoring device 9, described computer 1 also with spray control centre 5 It is connected, described spray control centre 5 is connected with unmanned plane 6.Compared with prior art, by GPS positioning device 8 and realtime graphic Supervising device 9 is combined, and the upgrowth situation and the memory storage of computer 1 of crops are being collected just by real time image monitoring device 9 The information of normal crops is compared, when finding crops damaged by vermin, farming when recalling the different insect pests of the memory storage of computer 1 The growth information of thing is compared, and then selects goodness of fit highest insect pest information, and worm is met with by the positioning of GPS positioning device 8 The particular location of harmful crops, computer 1 sends instructions to spray control centre 5, spray control centre 5 commander's unmanned plane 6 Sprayed in real time to damaged by vermin crops, will not be to not having while the utilization rate of raising agricultural chemicals to ensure crops normal growth Damaged by vermin crops spray, will not produce pollution, the benefit with environmental protection to soil.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention Any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within refreshing and principle etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry, including computer (1), intelligent monitoring terminal (2), liquid crystal display Device (4) and sound prompt device (3), it is characterised in that:Described intelligent monitoring terminal (2), liquid crystal display device (4) and language Sound suggestion device (3) is connected with computer (1), and described intelligent monitoring terminal (2) is connected with intelligent detection device (7), institute The intelligent detection device (7) stated includes GPS positioning device (8) and real time image monitoring device (9).
2. a kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described meter Calculation machine (1) is also connected with spray control centre (5), and described spray control centre (5) is connected with unmanned plane (6).
3. a kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described reality When image monitor (9) be upgrowth situation for Real Time Observation crops, described GPS positioning device (8) be used for it is fixed The particular location of the damaged by vermin crops in position.
4. a kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described reality When image monitor (9) be that the image information of crop growth is obtained using high definition CCD camera in real time.
5. a kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described GPS positioning device (8) is equipped with wireless sending module with real time image monitoring device (9), and described computer, which is provided with, wirelessly to be connect Receive module.
6. a kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Described nothing Line sending module is wirelessly connected with wireless receiving module.
7. a kind of accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described language Sound suggestion device (3) is one kind in loudspeaker, loudspeaker.
CN201710426276.XA 2017-06-08 2017-06-08 Accurate pesticide spraying system based on machine vision industry Withdrawn CN107168367A (en)

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CN107817736A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-03-20 梁家仪 A kind of monitoring system for gardens pest and disease damage
CN108052544A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-05-18 深圳市中亿远环保科技有限责任公司 A kind of Harmful prevention detection information system and its implementation

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CN108052544A (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-05-18 深圳市中亿远环保科技有限责任公司 A kind of Harmful prevention detection information system and its implementation
CN107817736A (en) * 2017-12-06 2018-03-20 梁家仪 A kind of monitoring system for gardens pest and disease damage

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Effective date of registration: 20180808

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Address before: 230000 room 1409, block B, innovation center, 860 Wangjiang West Road, Hefei High-tech Zone, Anhui.

Applicant before: HEFEI TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF CAS

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Applicant before: three front group Co. Ltd.

Effective date of registration: 20180808

Address after: 321300 thirty floor, Jin Pin building, Yongkang headquarters, Jinhua, Zhejiang.

Applicant after: three front group Co. Ltd.

Address before: 230000 room 1409, block B, innovation center, 860 Wangjiang West Road, Hefei High-tech Zone, Anhui.

Applicant before: HEFEI TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION ENGINEERING INSTITUTE OF CAS

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TA01 Transfer of patent application right
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Application publication date: 20170915

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication