CN102591290A - Crop pest intelligent monitoring management system - Google Patents

Crop pest intelligent monitoring management system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102591290A
CN102591290A CN2012100453464A CN201210045346A CN102591290A CN 102591290 A CN102591290 A CN 102591290A CN 2012100453464 A CN2012100453464 A CN 2012100453464A CN 201210045346 A CN201210045346 A CN 201210045346A CN 102591290 A CN102591290 A CN 102591290A
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crop
pesticide spraying
supervisory control
monitoring management
disease
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CN2012100453464A
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CN102591290B (en
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蔡诗伟
蔡学俊
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蔡诗伟
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    • Y02P80/114

Abstract

The invention relates to a crop pest intelligent monitoring management system which is characterized by comprising a monitoring computer and a pesticide spraying device arranged in a crop growing field, wherein the monitoring computer drives the pesticide spraying device connected therewith. A time controller and a pesticide spraying selection drive module are arranged in the monitoring computer; and the time controller controls to start a corresponding nozzle of the pesticide spraying device through the pesticide spraying selection drive module. The system provided by the invention has the beneficial effects of high degree of intellectualization and automation, diverse control modes, timely control and good using effect; since the solar energy is used as the power supply of the monitoring equipment, the energy saving effect is good; the monitoring equipment not only can perform automatic control on water supply or pesticide spraying for the crop, but also has omnibearing control capability on pest control for the crops in different areas of the same field; and moreover, the health condition of the crops is monitored by a monitoring probe in real time, and timely early warning and appropriate pesticide for the situation on the crop pest are realized, thereby being favorable for guaranteeing the crop growth and good harvest of agriculture, forestry and tea, and greatly reducing drug waste and pesticide pollution. The system has broad market application prospect.

Description

Crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the anti-system of crop disease and insect technical field, particularly a kind of crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system can be widely used in crop production.Crop of the present invention comprises the plant that agricultural, forestry, fruit tree, tealeaves, flowers etc. are cultivated because of the human needs.
Background technology
Crop disease and insect is one of main agricultural disaster of China, because control is ineffective, crop disease and insect brings enormous economic loss all for the agricultural production of China every year.Because most peasants do not understand the regularity of occurrence and development of disease and pest, not only are difficult to predict the generation of disease and pest in good time, and blindly dispenser, also can influence plant growth, cause medicament waste and environmental pollution.
In addition, agricultural, forestry, flowers, the dispenser operation of crop disease and insects such as fruit tree, also very complicated, frequent.As, different in the disease and pest situation that different growing stage takes place with a kind of crop, medication is also different; On the same field, the crops of zones of different plantation are different, and the medicine that its disease and pest generation is used is also different.Therefore, crop disease and insect being carried out early warning, and carry out scene control automatically targetedly in all directions, is the important behave of control crop disease and insect, cover crop output, minimizing pollution by pesticides.
Summary of the invention
Primary and foremost purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system, and this system not only helps the control of crop disease and insect but also intelligent automaticization degree high.
The technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system is characterized in that: comprise supervisory control comuter and the pesticide spraying device of being located at the arable farming place, said supervisory control comuter drives connected pesticide spraying device.
Further, in order to carry out robotization control according to the early warning scheme, be provided with time controller in the said supervisory control comuter and select driver module with the spray medicine, said time controller selects driver module control to start the corresponding shower nozzle of pesticide spraying device through the spray medicine.The shower nozzle of said pesticide spraying device supplies the medicine arm to be connected with the water supply arm with agricultural chemicals respectively via computer-controlled operation valve.In order to realize the crop on the zones of different of same place is carried out the multi-faceted management and control of the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, above-mentioned pesticide spraying device has a plurality of shower nozzles.
Be provided with data-carrier store in the said supervisory control comuter in order to the pesticide spraying information of storage pesticide spraying period, agricultural chemicals type and consumption; The input end of said data-carrier store is connected with time controller or external data input equipment; The output terminal of said data-carrier store selects driver module to be connected with the spray medicine; User instruction is selected the pesticide spraying information in the specific data storer through time controller or external data input equipment, and the spray medicine selects driver module to obtain the corresponding shower nozzle of this appointment pesticide spraying information rear drive pesticide spraying device.
Further, in order to utilize sun power, this system also is provided with solar panel and stores the accumulator that said solar panel transforms electric energy with being used to, and said supervisory control comuter is by said storage battery power supply.
Further, grasp the crop disease and insect situation occurred in order to help the user, this system also is provided with the monitoring probe that is installed in the arable farming place in good time, and the data line of said monitoring probe is connected to the input end of supervisory control comuter.After the user learns the crop disease and insect situation through the monitoring probe, can in time drive the corresponding shower nozzle of pesticide spraying device and realize the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, also can take other counter-measure through supervisory control comuter.
Beneficial effect one of the present invention is intelligent, and automaticity is high, and control mode is various, and control is timely, and result of use is good.The 2nd, utilize sun power as watch-dog power supply, good energy-conserving effect.The 3rd, watch-dog not only can supply water or sprays the robotization control of medicine but also have the multi-faceted management and control ability of the crop on the zones of different of same place being carried out the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control raise crop.The 4th, through monitoring probe crop health status is monitored in real time, realize the timely early warning of crop disease and insect and suit the remedy to the case, thereby not only help guaranteeing the healthy growth of crop, and can significantly reduce medicament and waste and pollution by pesticides.This system has wide market application prospect.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the synoptic diagram of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the system architecture block diagram of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the synoptic diagram that is connected that a plurality of medicinal cuppings and agricultural chemicals supply the medicine arm among the present invention.
Wherein, each label representative among Fig. 1: 1-supervisory control comuter; The 2-remote computer; The 3-accumulator; The 4-solar panel; 5-monitors probe; 6-external data input equipment; 7-operation valve (three-way solenoid valve); The 8-agricultural chemicals supplies the medicine arm; 9-water supply arm; The 10-shower nozzle; The 11-pesticide spraying device; 12-selects operation valve; The 13-medicinal cupping; 14-medicine supplying pipe road; The 15-flowmeter.
Embodiment
Because the crop varieties of System in Agricultural Developing Zone plantation is various, thus also variation thereupon of the disease and pest type that is run into, even and crop of the same race, they also can be different in the disease and pest type that different phase ran into.In addition, the facility that being planted in the crop on the zones of different of same place also needs pest and disease monitoring to prevent and treat system has multi-faceted management and control ability, and therefore, crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system of the present invention is necessary for and satisfies the demand and design.
With reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, the embodiment of the invention comprises supervisory control comuter and the pesticide spraying device of being located at the arable farming place, said supervisory control comuter drives connected pesticide spraying device.
Control in order to promote intellectuality as far as possible; The priori of specific disease type can take place in special time period according to crop; Time controller is set in said supervisory control comuter selects driver module with the spray medicine, said time controller selects driver module control to start the corresponding shower nozzle of pesticide spraying device through the spray medicine, accomplishes the spray medicine operation of this crop; Thereby reduce artificial control procedure, promoted automaticity.
In order to save the laying cost on agricultural chemicals medicine supplying pipe road as far as possible; Can be with using in order to the water supply shower nozzle that supplies water to crop originally; Promptly before said shower nozzle, operation valve is set,, supplies the medicine arm to be connected with agricultural chemicals respectively this operation valve with the water supply arm like three-way solenoid valve; Thereby realize the multifunction that shower nozzle uses, practice thrift the facility spending.
For can be the people for after obtaining certain disease and pest early warning information; Directly control the spraying operation that pesticide spraying device is suited the remedy to the case to crop; The special data-carrier store that in said supervisory control comuter, is provided with in order to the pesticide spraying information of storage pesticide spraying period, agricultural chemicals type and consumption; The input end of said data-carrier store is connected with time controller or external data input equipment; The output terminal of said data-carrier store selects driver module to be connected with the spray medicine; User instruction is selected the pesticide spraying information in the specific data storer through time controller or external data input equipment, and the spray medicine selects driver module to obtain the corresponding shower nozzle of this appointment pesticide spraying information rear drive pesticide spraying device.
Can under multiple occasion, use for elevator system, solar power supply apparatus can be set, reduce cable laying, practice thrift cost.Therefore, this system also is provided with the solar panel that is installed in the arable farming place and stores the accumulator that said solar panel transforms electric energy with being used to, and said supervisory control comuter is by said storage battery power supply.
In order to monitor the situation of crop in real time, this system also is provided with the monitoring probe that is installed in the arable farming place, and the data line of said monitoring probe is connected to the input end of supervisory control comuter; And if monitored object is the green plants in city, probe and communication line that the monitoring probe can directly adopt the urban district to lay, thus save the probe deployment cost.
In order to carry out intelligent management, store the disease and pest situation reference data message that defines disease and pest type, the order of severity on the said supervisory control comuter and the agricultural chemicals type that should discharge to Different Crop disease and pest situation and the data message of consumption to monitoring; Said supervisory control comuter is provided with disease and pest identification judge module; Said disease and pest identification judge module extracts the crop disease and insect data from the surveillance map picture; Disease and pest data of extracting and the disease and pest situation reference data message in the database are compared; To judge the disease and pest situation of crop; The crop disease and insect situation that supervisory control comuter obtains according to analysis is confirmed corresponding agricultural chemicals type and consumption, and selects driver module to send the corresponding shower nozzle of work order drive controlling pesticide spraying device through the spray medicine.
Send the crop data message to remote control center in order to make on-site supervision calculate function; So that multidisciplinaryly go and find out what's going in real time or this data message is managed, so this system also is provided with supervisory control comuter and carries out the remote computer that the telecommunication of wired or wireless form is connected.
Above-mentioned disease and pest identification judge module comprises crop worm hole shape analysis module; The monitored position of crop related in the present technique scheme comprises blade, fruit surface, trunk top layer etc.; Said disease and pest situation reference data message comprises worm hole shape and disease and pest type correspondence relationship information; Said crop worm hole shape analysis module is extracted the image information of worm hole edge shape on the crop from the surveillance map picture; And compare with said worm hole shape and disease and pest type correspondence relationship information, to judge the disease and pest type of crop; Said disease and pest identification judge module comprises crop worm hole analysis module; Said disease and pest situation reference data message comprises worm hole and disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information; Said crop worm hole analysis module extracts crop and goes up the image information in worm hole from the surveillance map picture; Calculate the accounting of worm hole cumulative area on the crop corresponding site total area of crop corresponding site; Supervisory control comuter is compared through said worm hole and disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information according to accounting, judges the crop disease and insect order of severity with classification.
Above-mentioned disease and pest identification judge module comprises crop worm hole shape analysis module; Said disease and pest situation reference data message comprises worm hole shape and disease and pest type correspondence relationship information; Said crop worm hole shape analysis module is extracted the image information of worm hole edge shape on the crop from the surveillance map picture; And compare with said worm hole shape and disease and pest type correspondence relationship information, to judge the disease and pest type of crop; Said disease and pest identification judge module also comprises crop pityriasis simplex analysis module; Said disease and pest situation reference data message also comprises pityriasis simplex and disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information; Said crop pityriasis simplex analysis module extracts the image information of crop pityriasis simplex from the surveillance map picture; Calculate the ratio of the crop corresponding site pityriasis simplex cumulative area and the crop corresponding site total area; Supervisory control comuter is compared through said pityriasis simplex and disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information according to ratio, judges the disease and pest order of severity of crop with classification.
The practical implementation process: the present technique scheme can directly be carried out crop in the arable farming place and sprayed control operation; Only need through the external data input equipment for example equipment such as keyboard directly send the type and the consumption of required spraying medicine to pesticide spraying device through supervisory control comuter, thereby realize direct control procedure; Also can control indirectly through time controller; Through the tracking timing of time controller to the time; Carry out selectable spraying operation in an easy period of disease and pest; It obtains corresponding crop sprinkling information in the data-carrier store through time controller, selects driver module to come selectivity to drive pesticide spraying device through the spray medicine this information and sprays different types of drugs and consumption.
Above-mentioned worm hole shape and disease and pest type correspondence relationship information are obtained through training mode; Being about to a certain specific insect is placed under the crop under the normal size; Observe worm hole edge shape on the crop then; Gather the crop map picture of this edge shape through monitoring probe, and with this edge shape data message corresponding record disease characteristic that is this specific insect.
Above-mentioned worm hole and disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information are also obtained with training mode, promptly respectively will be big in the same stipulated time (as one hour), in; Little different same class pest is placed on the standard crop of three same specifications; Gather respectively through monitoring probe then big, in, the little crop surface image behind the crop of gnawing with class pest; Calculate the accounting of each standard crop worm hole area on crop surface respectively, and this accounting is stored in the supervisory control comuter by grade respectively.In order to obtain active data information more, can carry out repeatedly crop IMAQ by grade respectively, obtain the accounting information under each, averaging is stored in the supervisory control comuter again.
Crop pityriasis simplex information in above-mentioned pityriasis simplex and the disease and pest grading correspondence relationship information; Can through gather respectively actual disease and pest crop pityriasis simplex light, in, weigh three kinds of degree sample images and use the insect pest data message as contrast, and above-mentioned information is stored in the supervisory control comuter.
After disease and pest situation reference data message is stored in supervisory control comuter, monitor the image information of gathering on the crop in real time through supervisory control comuter, calculate then and obtain worm hole edge shape, judge the insect pest type; Judge the disease order of severity according to worm hole accounting or crop pityriasis simplex again.
After obtaining concrete disease situation; The agricultural chemicals type that the Different Crop disease and pest situation that is directed against that the supervisory control comuter basis has been deposited should be discharged and the data message of consumption; Confirm to take what type soup type and what soup consumption, and select driver module to send the corresponding shower nozzle of work order drive controlling pesticide spraying device through the spray medicine to the disease and pest situation that monitoring is come out.
Above-mentioned pesticide spraying device has a plurality of shower nozzles, is respectively applied for the crop of management different azimuth.
Said agricultural chemicals supplies medicine arm 8 to select to connect through selecting operation valve 12 with the medicine supplying pipe road 14 of a plurality of different medicinal cuppings 13, and this selects operation valve 12 also by computer control.
In order to help realizing the fertilising management and control to crop, this system also comprises the liquid fertilizer flusher of being located at the arviculture place, and the CS of said liquid fertilizer flusher is connected with said supervisory control comuter.
The shower nozzle of above-mentioned pesticide spraying device can supply the medicine arm with agricultural chemicals respectively via computer-controlled operation valve, and the efferent duct of water supply arm or liquid fertilizer flusher is selected to connect.
Said supervisory control comuter database storing has the liquid fertilizer type of corresponding Different Crop and the data message of consumption; Said supervisory control comuter can be expected fertile type and consumption according to the instruction of time controller or the required liquid state of Instruction Selection crop of external input device input, and sends the corresponding spray gun of work command driven liquid fertilizer flusher and spray liquid fertilizer or through operation valve shower nozzle is connected with the efferent duct of liquid fertilizer flusher.
Said supervisory control comuter can obtain to such an extent that extract plant growth information in the surveillance map picture by monitoring probe, and from database, finds out corresponding liquid fertilizer type and consumption, sends work order then and drives the corresponding spray gun of liquid fertilizer flusher.
The present invention does not limit to above-mentioned embodiment, and anyone can draw other various forms of crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management systems under enlightenment of the present invention.All equivalent variations and modifications of doing according to claim of the present invention all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system is characterized in that: comprise supervisory control comuter and the pesticide spraying device of being located at the arable farming place, said supervisory control comuter drives connected pesticide spraying device.
2. crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: be provided with time controller in the said supervisory control comuter and select driver module with the spray medicine, said time controller selects driver module control to start the corresponding shower nozzle of pesticide spraying device through the spray medicine.
3. crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the shower nozzle of said pesticide spraying device supplies the medicine arm to be connected with the water supply arm with agricultural chemicals respectively via computer-controlled operation valve.
4. crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the shower nozzle of said pesticide spraying device supplies the medicine arm to be connected with the water supply arm with agricultural chemicals respectively through operation valve.
5. according to claim 1,2,3 or 4 described crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management systems; It is characterized in that: be provided with data-carrier store in the said supervisory control comuter in order to the pesticide spraying information of storage pesticide spraying period, agricultural chemicals type and consumption; The input end of said data-carrier store is connected with time controller or external data input equipment; The output terminal of said data-carrier store selects driver module to be connected with the spray medicine; User instruction is selected the pesticide spraying information in the specific data storer through time controller or external data input equipment, and the spray medicine selects driver module to obtain the corresponding shower nozzle of this appointment pesticide spraying information rear drive pesticide spraying device.
6. according to claim 1,2,3 or 4 described crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management systems; It is characterized in that: this system also is provided with solar panel and stores the accumulator that said solar panel transforms electric energy with being used to, and said supervisory control comuter is by said storage battery power supply.
7. crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system according to claim 5 is characterized in that: this system also is provided with solar panel and stores the accumulator that said solar panel transforms electric energy with being used to, and said supervisory control comuter is by said storage battery power supply.
8. according to claim 1,2,3 or 4 described crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management systems, it is characterized in that: this system also is provided with the monitoring probe that is installed in the arable farming place, and the data line of said monitoring probe is connected to the input end of supervisory control comuter.
9. crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: this system also comprises the liquid fertilizer flusher of being located at the arviculture place, and the CS of said liquid fertilizer flusher is connected with said supervisory control comuter.
10. crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the shower nozzle of said pesticide spraying device supplies the medicine arm with agricultural chemicals respectively via computer-controlled operation valve, and the efferent duct of water supply arm or liquid fertilizer flusher is selected to connect.
11. crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said supervisory control comuter
Database storing has the liquid fertilizer type of corresponding Different Crop and the data message of consumption; Said supervisory control comuter can be expected fertile type and consumption according to the instruction of time controller or the required liquid state of Instruction Selection crop of external input device input, and sends the corresponding spray gun of work command driven liquid fertilizer flusher and spray liquid fertilizer.
12. crop disease and insect intellectual monitoring management system according to claim 8; It is characterized in that: said supervisory control comuter can obtain to such an extent that extract plant growth information in the surveillance map picture by monitoring probe; And from database, find out corresponding liquid fertilizer type and consumption, send work order then and drive the corresponding spray gun of liquid fertilizer flusher.
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CN105407318A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-03-16 桂林市腾瑞电子科技有限公司 Intelligent pesticide spraying system
CN105427526A (en) * 2015-10-19 2016-03-23 浙江省农业科学院 Pesticide safety application management warning device and safety application method
CN105954283A (en) * 2016-05-05 2016-09-21 信阳师范学院 Internet-based wheat pest disease prevention and control method
CN106708142A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-05-24 广西力拓农业开发有限公司 Rice management system based on internet of things
CN109122630A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-04 崔理哲 Diseases and pests of agronomic crop monitoring arrangement and its control method

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CN104460416A (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-03-25 宜宾学院 Self-powered agricultural disease and insect pest image sensing terminal
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CN106708142A (en) * 2017-02-21 2017-05-24 广西力拓农业开发有限公司 Rice management system based on internet of things
CN109122630A (en) * 2018-09-19 2019-01-04 崔理哲 Diseases and pests of agronomic crop monitoring arrangement and its control method

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