CN106892276A - A kind of profile steel stacker and its automatic marshalling, automatic stacking method - Google Patents

A kind of profile steel stacker and its automatic marshalling, automatic stacking method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106892276A
CN106892276A CN201710224832.5A CN201710224832A CN106892276A CN 106892276 A CN106892276 A CN 106892276A CN 201710224832 A CN201710224832 A CN 201710224832A CN 106892276 A CN106892276 A CN 106892276A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stacking
marshalling
shaped steel
magnechuck
complement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710224832.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王飞
余斌
李建
疏斌
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Taier Heavy Industry Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHUANGYI MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd MAANSHAN CITY
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Publication date
Application filed by SHUANGYI MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd MAANSHAN CITY filed Critical SHUANGYI MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd MAANSHAN CITY
Priority to CN201710224832.5A priority Critical patent/CN106892276A/en
Publication of CN106892276A publication Critical patent/CN106892276A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/03Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack from above
    • B65G57/04Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack from above by suction or magnetic devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B35/00Supplying, feeding, arranging or orientating articles to be packaged
    • B65B35/30Arranging and feeding articles in groups
    • B65B35/50Stacking one article, or group of articles, upon another before packaging
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/16Stacking of articles of particular shape

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of profile steel stacker, wherein conveying, marshalling mechanism are provided with conveying chain component;Stacking mechanism and feeding pressure mechanism are arranged on the top of conveying, marshalling mechanism by main beam and parallel four-bar linkage;Stacking mechanism is provided with upset magnechuck component;Each feeding, stacking mechanism include feed mechanism and stacking mechanism, and share a base;Feed mechanism is provided with loading bracket;Stacking mechanism is provided with stacking lifting platform support, and stacking lifting platform support is moved up and down by stacking lifting platform guidance set in base.Using above-mentioned technical proposal, small section bar high speed piling is especially suitable for, with shaped steel marshalling fast accurate, efficiency high, versatility is good, movement velocity is fast, accurate positioning and impact small advantage, solution multi items, many specification shaped steel stacking and stacking technology technical requirements;With delicate structure, novelty, precisely, operating frequency responds fast advantage to movement position, is adapted to, small section bar automatic stacking of stacking high precision fast to stacking frequency requirement.

Description

A kind of profile steel stacker and its automatic marshalling, automatic stacking method
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field of shaped steel packaging facilities, more particularly to a kind of high speed, full-automatic profile steel stacker.Separately Outward, the invention further relates to the equipment automatic marshalling, automatic stacking method.
Background technology
Profile steel stacker is bundled for the shaped steel after cutting to length, aligning to be piled up according to specified pile type sectional dimension Palletizer.
Profile steel stacker of the prior art focuses mostly on and applies in big specification Section Steel Production field, there is high cost, work Make beat slow, applicable range of product size is narrow, stacking efficiency is low and job insecurity and the outstanding problem such as floor space is big, It is difficult to aborning, the popularization and application of small dimension shaped steel type enterprise.
With technological progress, to the upgrading of rolling line, realizing can produce small H in same rolling line for shaped steel manufacturing enterprise Shaped steel, channel-section steel, angle steel, C-type steel and other specification shaped steel, greatly save cost of investment.
But, efficiency that prior art Shaped Steel machinery grouping method is present is low, need live manual adjustment and small-sized The defect that steel cannot be organized into groups;And also suitable Palletizer can not simultaneously cover the said goods during above-mentioned Section Steel Production Automatic stacking work, poor universality;Hand stowage mode is generally used in the stacking of small shaped steel, efficiency is low, cost of labor is high, Work under bad environment and the outstanding problem such as safety in production hidden danger is more.
In recent years, with the raising of cost of labor, production-scale expansion and environment, the further specification of labour protection and Some big customers propose requirements at the higher level to shaped steel packaging, and Section Steel Production enterprise is highly desirable fully automatic high-speed profile steel stacker Substitute artificial at present or semi-automatic stacking mode.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of profile steel stacker, the purpose is to improve production efficiency, realizes the automation of shaped steel stacking.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme taken of the present invention is:
A kind of profile steel stacker of the invention, including conveying, marshalling mechanism, stacking mechanism, feeding pressure mechanism and feeding, stacking Mechanism;
Described conveying, marshalling mechanism are provided with conveying chain component;
Described stacking mechanism and feeding pressure mechanism is arranged on conveying, marshalling mechanism by main beam and parallel four-bar linkage Top;
Described stacking mechanism be provided with upset magnechuck component, described main beam bottom be bolted equipped with etc. Away from multiple upset magnechuck components of arrangement;
Described feeding pressure mechanism is provided with binder arm, and described binder arm passes through binder guidance set in feeding pressure mechanism bearing Move up and down;
Feeding, stacking mechanism described in each include feed mechanism and stacking mechanism, and share a base;Described Feed mechanism is provided with loading bracket, and described loading bracket is moved up and down by feed mechanism guidance set on base;Institute The stacking mechanism stated is provided with stacking lifting platform support, and described stacking lifting platform support passes through stacking lifting platform guidance set the bottom of at Seat is moved up and down.
Described conveying chain component is provided with carrier chain frame body, drive sprocket, driven sprocket, tightener sprocket and carrier chain Bar.
Conveying chain component described in multiple is connected by carrier chain Synchronous Transmission axle.
Carrier chain driving motor reductor is provided with the middle of conveying chain component.
Marshalling trailing arm is provided with the conveying chain component, each marshalling trailing arm is equipped with the marshalling trailing arm for driving its lifting Drive cylinder;Each marshalling trailing arm is supported and fixed by marshalling trailing arm synchronizing shaft.
Described conveying chain component is provided with marshalling stop component.
Described marshalling stop component is provided with marshalling bearing, marshalling slide-bar, spiral lift, grouped location encoder;Institute The marshalling bearing stated is bolted on chain frame;Described marshalling slide-bar is under spiral lift driving in marshalling bearing Move forward and backward;The real time position of described grouped location encoder detection marshalling slide-bar.
The end of described marshalling slide-bar is fixed with marshalling stopper seat, and marshalling block is provided with described marshalling stopper seat Move up and down, by marshalling block air cylinder driven.
The end of described carrier chain frame body is provided with fixed stop, the successful shaped steel row of marshalling is positioned at material position Put.
Described parallel four-bar linkage is by stacking mechanism base, driving link, the end carriage of main beam and driven rod member group Into;Two sets of described parallel four-bar linkage support main beam and the components installed in main beam.
Often cover described parallel four-bar linkage and be equipped with stacking driving hydraulic cylinder.
Stacking mechanism described in multiple is connected by stacking mechanism synchronizing shaft;Described stacking mechanism synchronizing shaft is rigidly connected Positioned at the output shaft of driving link, two sets of mechanical action synchronizations of quadric chain are kept;Driving link is defeated wherein Shaft is provided with stacking position coder, real-time detection and the position swung by system control stacking mechanism.
Magnechuck upset motor reductor is provided with one of those in the upset magnechuck component described in multiple;Institute The magnechuck upset motor reductor stated drives all magnechuck bodies synchronously to overturn by magnechuck synchronous connecting shaft; Both sides magnetic tongue can be slid in magnechuck body, and shaped steel sticking attitude can be ensured after energization.
Described upset magnechuck component is provided with upset drive sprocket, upset driven sprocket, upset chain, tensioning chain Wheel;Described upset chain adjusts its rate of tension by tensioning screw;
Described upset magnechuck component is provided with magnechuck body;Described magnechuck body both sides are provided with and turn Axle, is arranged on bearing by bearing block, and 180 ° of reciprocal flip-flop movements are made under the driving of described upset driven sprocket.
Magnechuck position coder is provided with the magnechuck component of outermost end, real-time detection simultaneously controls electricity by system The position of magnetic-disc upset.
Feeding pressure mechanism described in multiple is bolted the side of the main beam for being equidistantly mounted on described;All swagers Feeding pressure mechanism synchronizing shaft is provided between structure mechanism, it is ensured that the synchronization action of feeding pressure mechanism;Described feeding pressure mechanism synchronizing shaft series connection Feeding pressure mechanism synchronism output axle, it is ensured that described binder arm synchronization action.
Described feeding pressure mechanism bearing is arranged on the side of stacking mechanism main beam by bolt;In described binder arm and Feeding pressure mechanism bearing is provided with tooth bar, gear synchronization mechanism.
Feeding pressure mechanism described in each is equipped with independent binder drive cylinder.
It is provided with binder position coder on the feeding pressure mechanism synchronism output axle described in outer end, real-time detection and by system Control the lifting position of binder arm.
Described loading bracket is driven by feed mechanism driving hydraulic cylinder.
Described loading bracket is provided with gear, rack synchronous mechanism, is connected on each by feed mechanism Synchronous Transmission axle Material lazy-tongs output shaft, makes each loading bracket synchronization action.
Be provided with feed mechanism position coder on the feed mechanism synchronism output axle described in outer end, real-time detection and by System controls the lifting position of loading bracket.
Described stacking lifting platform support is driven by stacking driving hydraulic cylinder.
Described stacking lifting platform support is provided with gear, rack synchronous mechanism;Connected by stacking mechanism Synchronous Transmission axle Each stacking lifting platform lazy-tongs output shaft, makes each stacking lifting platform support synchronization action.
It is provided with stacking lifting platform position coder on the stacker crane structure synchronism output axle of termination, real-time detection and by being The lifting position of system control stacking lifting platform support.
In order to realize with above-mentioned technical proposal identical goal of the invention, present invention also offers above-described high speed it is complete from The automatic grouping method of shaped steel of dynamic profile steel stacker and the technical scheme of shaped steel automatic stacking method.
The automatic marshalling technological process is as follows:
1st, marshalling block is in the backgauge position of code setting, and carrier chain collects the shaped steel that finished product shaped steel reaches code marshalling Quantity;
2nd, marshalling condition meets, and marshalling bracket rises, and isolates code shaped steel row;
3rd, marshalling block is fallen in clearance position, and shaped steel row to be grouped is transported to stacking feeding fixed stop by carrier chain Place;The radix-minus-one complement backgauge position that block is advanced to setting is organized into groups simultaneously;
4th, marshalling shaped steel row organizes into groups block and rises in radix-minus-one complement backgauge position, marshalling bracket whereabouts, conveying after organizing into groups area Chain collects shaped steel row, and the shaped steel finished is discharged to up to feeding fixed stop position, completes code marshalling operation;
5th, radix-minus-one complement grouping formulation enters in marshalling mechanism, collects shaped steel and reaches radix-minus-one complement marshalling condition;
6th, marshalling bracket rises, and separates radix-minus-one complement shaped steel row;Marshalling block is fallen after falling behind under clearance position, marshalling block Code backgauge setting position is moved on to, for lower one code organizes into groups preparatory condition;
7th, the radix-minus-one complement shaped steel row for having organized into groups is sent at feeding fixed stop by carrier chain;
8th, radix-minus-one complement marshalling shaped steel row organizes into groups block rising and returns to backgauge position, under marshalling bracket after organizing into groups block area Drop, marshalling mechanism reenters code grouping formulation;
9th, the above-mentioned technical process of system circulation, makes shaped steel code, radix-minus-one complement marshalling action alternately.
The automatic stacking technological process is as follows:
1st, treat that code shaped steel is ranked and treat material position in feeding, stacking mechanism is in code and treats material position, and feeding pressure mechanism is in code Binder position;Loading bracket is in zero-bit;Stacking lift platform is in working position;
2nd, loading bracket rises, and shaped steel row is lifted into magnechuck component operation face lower section;
3rd, magnechuck obtains electric, and shaped steel row is pull-in on magnechuck, loading bracket fly back position;
4th, stacking mechanism is just put;
5th, stacking mechanism moves to stacking blowing position, and the shaped steel of adhesive is ranked directly over stacking lift platform;
6th, feeding pressure mechanism action, while magnechuck dead electricity discharges, binder arm puts off in stacking lift platform shaped steel row, Complete shaped steel code process flow;
7th, stacking lift platform spacing declines, it is ensured that certain pile face is highly;Stacking mechanism anti-wobble treats material position to radix-minus-one complement;In pendulum During dynamic, binder arm rises to radix-minus-one complement binder position, and magnechuck overturns 180 °, work is faced up;Marshalling mechanism has completed Radix-minus-one complement organizes into groups task, and shaped steel is lifted material position in radix-minus-one complement by loading bracket;
8th, stacking mechanism reaches radix-minus-one complement and treats material position, and equipment enters radix-minus-one complement working procedure states;
9th, loading bracket fly back position, radix-minus-one complement shaped steel row is placed on magnechuck, and magnechuck obtains electric adhesive;
10th, stacking mechanism is just put, while magnechuck overturns 180 ° of actions;
11st, after magnechuck overturns 180 °, binder arm drops to code binder position;
12nd, stacking mechanism reaches stacking blowing position;
13rd, feeding pressure mechanism action, while magnechuck dead electricity discharges, binder arm puts off in stacking lift platform shaped steel row On, complete shaped steel radix-minus-one complement process flow;
14th, above is shaped steel one workflow of positive and negative code, circulates this workflow to the number of plies for setting, stacking lifting Platform rapid decrease, pile bag is placed on an output device, and pile bag removes piling station, the supreme work of stacking lifting platform rapid increase Position, into next round pile bag stacking operating mode.
The present invention uses above-mentioned technical proposal, using mechanical electronic hydraulic gas integral grouping formulation and electrical-liquid control connecting rod The stacking mechanism of formula, is especially suitable for small section bar high speed piling, compared with traditional code and radix-minus-one complement mechanism, overcomes prior art In many disadvantages, thus the present invention have shaped steel marshalling fast accurate, efficiency high, good versatility the characteristics of, with motion speed Spend fast, accurate positioning and impact small advantage, solve multi items, many specification shaped steel stacking and stacking technology technical requirements;With delicate structure, Novelty, precisely, operating frequency responds fast advantage to movement position, is adapted to, small section bar of stacking high precision fast to stacking frequency requirement Automatic stacking;In an equipment angle steel, H profile steel, channel-section steel, work are achieved that by selecting species, specification and the length of shaped steel The marshalling of word steel, rail steel, square steel and various profile irons and the requirement of stacking;Link-type stacking machine with upset magnechuck function Structure, realizes the unification of code and radix-minus-one complement mechanism;Unique binder design can quickly make shaped steel be separated with stacking mechanism and ensure shaped steel Position and attitude in blanking operation;It is a kind of innovative design of shaped steel palletizing method, enterprise production technology equipment technology Level, reduces operating cost, better controls over product quality, remarkable in economical benefits, with extensive market popularization value.
Brief description of the drawings
Content shown in accompanying drawing and the mark in figure are briefly described as follows:
Fig. 1 is structure chart of the invention;
Fig. 2 is conveying, marshalling mechanism structural representation in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is conveying, marshalling mechanism side view in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is stacking mechanism structural representation in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is stacking magnechuck modular construction schematic diagram in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of feeding pressure mechanism in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is feeding, stacking mechanism structural representation in Fig. 1;The feeding of intermediate position, stacking mechanism are shown inside it Structure;
Fig. 8 to Figure 15 is marshalling each mechanism action state diagram of technological process automatically, wherein:
Fig. 8 represents that marshalling block is in the backgauge position of code setting;
Fig. 9 represents that marshalling condition meets, marshalling bracket rises, and isolates code shaped steel row;
Figure 10 represents that marshalling block is fallen in release position;
Figure 11 represents that marshalling block is risen in radix-minus-one complement backgauge position;
Figure 12 represents that marshalling mechanism enters radix-minus-one complement grouping formulation;
Figure 13 represents that marshalling bracket rises, and separates radix-minus-one complement shaped steel row;
Figure 14 represents that the radix-minus-one complement shaped steel organized into groups row is sent at feeding fixed stop by carrier chain;
Figure 15 represents that marshalling mechanism reenters code grouping formulation;
Figure 16 to Figure 28 is the automatic positive and negative each mechanism action state diagram of stacking and stacking technology flow of stacking mechanism, wherein:
Figure 16 be stacking mechanism be in code treat material position, feeding pressure mechanism be in code binder position state diagram;
Figure 17 is the state diagram that loading bracket rises;
Figure 18 is that magnechuck obtains the state diagram that electric, shaped steel row is pull-in on magnechuck;
Figure 19 is the state diagram of stacking mechanism just pendulum;
Figure 20 is the state diagram that stacking mechanism moves to stacking blowing position;
Figure 21 is the state diagram that shaped steel code operation is completed;
Figure 22 is to organize into groups mechanism to have completed the state diagram that radix-minus-one complement organizes into groups task;
Figure 23 is that equipment enters radix-minus-one complement working procedure states figure;
Figure 24 is that be placed on radix-minus-one complement shaped steel row on magnechuck by loading bracket, and magnechuck obtains the state of electric adhesive Figure;
Figure 25 is that stacking mechanism is just put, while the state diagram of magnechuck upset;
Figure 26 is that after magnechuck overturns, binder arm drops to the position state diagram of code binder;
Figure 27 is the state diagram that stacking mechanism reaches stacking blowing position;
Figure 28 is shaped steel radix-minus-one complement process flow completion status figure;
Figure 29 is process chart of the invention.
Marked in figure:
1st, convey, marshalling mechanism, 2, stacking mechanism, 3, feeding pressure mechanism, 4, feeding, stacking mechanism;
1-1, conveying chain component, 1-2, carrier chain Synchronous Transmission axle, 1-3, carrier chain driving motor reductor, 1-4, marshalling Stop component, 1-5, marshalling trailing arm, 1-6, marshalling trailing arm drive cylinder, 1-7, marshalling trailing arm synchronizing shaft, 1-8, motor reducer Component, 1-9, marshalling Synchronous Transmission axle, 1-10, grouped location encoder, 1-11, spiral lift, 1-12, marshalling block, 1- 13rd, block cylinder, 1-14, marshalling fixed stop, 1-15, marshalling bearing, 1-16, marshalling slide-bar, 1-17, marshalling block are organized into groups Seat;
2-1, stacking mechanism base, 2-2, driven rod member, 2-3, stacking driving hydraulic cylinder, 2-4, driving link, 2-5, master Crossbeam, 2-6, upset magnechuck component, 2-7, magnechuck synchronous connecting shaft, 2-8, stacking position coder, 2-9, stacking Mechanism's synchronizing shaft, 2-10, magnechuck upset motor reductor, 2-11, upset drive sprocket, 2-12, upset chain, 2-13, Tightener sprocket, 2-14, tensioning screw, 2-15, upset driven sprocket, 2-16, magnetic tongue, 2-17, magnechuck body, 2-18, electricity Magnetic-disc bearing, 2-19, magnechuck position coder;
3-1, feeding pressure mechanism synchronizing shaft, 3-2, binder arm, 3-3, binder drive cylinder, 3-4, binder guidance set, 3-5, Binder position coder, 3-6, feeding pressure mechanism bearing;
4-1, base, 4-2, feed mechanism Synchronous Transmission axle, 4-3, stacking mechanism Synchronous Transmission axle, 4-4, loading bracket, 4-5, feed mechanism guidance set, 4-6, stacking lifting platform support, 4-7, stacking driving hydraulic cylinder, 4-8, feed mechanism drive liquid Cylinder pressure, 4-9, stacking lifting platform guidance set, 4-10, feed mechanism position coder, 4-11, stacking lifting platform are position encoded Device.
Specific embodiment
Below against accompanying drawing, by the description to embodiment, further details of is made to specific embodiment of the invention Illustrate there is more complete, accurate and deep reason to inventive concept of the invention, technical scheme to help those skilled in the art Solution.
Structure of the invention, is a kind of high speed, full automatic profile steel stacker as shown in Figures 1 to 7.Received including carrier chain Collection frame, marshalling positioning (block) mechanism, marshalling dolly, code mechanism, radix-minus-one complement mechanism, stacking lifting platform, pile bag transfer roller-way.
Concrete analysis is as follows:
First, in order to overcome the defect of prior art, the invention mesh of the automation of improve production efficiency and shaped steel stacking is realized , the technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
As shown in figure 1, a kind of profile steel stacker of the invention includes conveying, marshalling mechanism 1, stacking mechanism 2, feeding pressure mechanism 3 and feeding, stacking mechanism 4;
As shown in Fig. 2 described conveying, marshalling mechanism 1 are provided with the conveying chain component 1-1 for collecting shaped steel in a row;
As shown in figure 4, described stacking mechanism 2 and feeding pressure mechanism 3 are set by main beam 2-5 and parallel four-bar linkage In conveying, the top of marshalling mechanism 1;
Described stacking mechanism 2 is provided with upset magnechuck component 2-6, and described main beam 2-5 bottoms are connected by bolt Tipping has multiple upset magnechuck component 2-6 of equidistant arrangement;
As shown in fig. 6, described feeding pressure mechanism 3 is provided with binder arm 3-2, described binder arm 3-2 is oriented to group by binder Part 3-4 is moved up and down in feeding pressure mechanism bearing 3-6;
As shown in fig. 7, the feeding, stacking mechanism 4 described in each include feed mechanism and stacking mechanism, and share one Base 4-1;Described feed mechanism is provided with loading bracket 4-4, described loading bracket 4-4 and passes through feed mechanism guidance set 4- 5 move up and down on base 4-1;Described stacking mechanism is provided with stacking lifting platform support 4-6, described stacking lifting platform support Frame 4-6 is moved up and down by stacking lifting platform guidance set 4-9 in base 4-1.
Conveying, marshalling mechanism 1 collect finished product shaped steel in a row and positive and negative code marshalling are carried out to it, by shaped steel after organizing into groups successfully Row conveying in place with conveying chain end fixed stop at;
After shaped steel completes above-mentioned conveying and marshalling, feeding, stacking mechanism 4 lift on stacking mechanism 2 shaped steel May be reversed on magnechuck;
After magnechuck adhesive shaped steel, stacking mechanism 2 carries out positive and negative stacking action according to the shaped steel stacking requirement of setting, And most shaped steel is piled up on the stacking table top on feeding, stacking mechanism 4 at last;
Feeding pressure mechanism 3 ensures that shaped steel from magnechuck quick release and can control attitude of the shaped steel in dropping process.
Described shaped steel is conveyed, marshalling mechanism 1 also includes:Marshalling carriage mechanism on carrier chain frame, is arranged on Controllable position marshalling block mechanism on chain frame.
Described shaped steel is conveyed, marshalling mechanism includes:Shaped steel conveying chain mechanism in a row is collected, on carrier chain frame Marshalling carriage mechanism, is arranged on the controllable position marshalling block mechanism on chain frame.
2nd, Fig. 2 is the structural representation for conveying, organizing into groups mechanism 1.
The carrier chain collecting frame of described conveying chain component 1-1 is provided with carrier chain frame body, drive sprocket, driven chain Wheel, tightener sprocket and chain.Conveying chain component 1-1 according to shaped steel length equidistant arrangement arranged side by side, and by collecting frame base, It is fixed on equipment ground.Realize shaped steel conveying function.Described chain and driven sprocket component, tightener sprocket component and Main drive chain wheel assembly constitutes one group of chain conveying transmission mechanism.
Conveying chain component 1-1 described in multiple is connected by carrier chain Synchronous Transmission axle 1-2.Described carrier chain is synchronously passed Moving axis 1-2 series connection drive sprocket power transmission shafts, are each conveying chain component 1-1 synchronous transports.
Carrier chain driving motor reductor 1-3 is provided with the carrier chain collecting frame described in conveying chain component 1-1.It is described Motor reducer above-mentioned chain conveying transmission mechanism run-in synchronism is driven by main transmission synchronous coupling.
Marshalling trailing arm 1-5 is provided with the conveying chain component 1-1, each marshalling trailing arm 1-5 is equipped with driving, and it is lifted Marshalling trailing arm drive cylinder 1-6;Each marshalling trailing arm 1-5 is supported and fixed by marshalling trailing arm synchronizing shaft 1-7, it is ensured that each volume Group trailing arm lifting is synchronous.
Described conveying chain component 1-1 is provided with marshalling stop component 1-4, can set shaped steel when the positive and negative code of shaped steel is organized into groups Positioning.Marshalling stop component 1-4 is driven by decelerating through motor thermomechanical components 1-8, and marshalling Synchronous Transmission axle 1-9 ensures each marshalling gear Block assembly 1-4 synchronizing moving blocks, the position of the mobile block of grouped location encoder 1-10 detections (marshalling block 1-12) and by System is controlled.
Marshalling carriage mechanism is arranged on carrier chain collecting frame by bearing block, synchronizing shaft, and each marshalling bracket is provided with drive Dynamic lifting cylinder, keeps each marshalling bracket synchronization action under synchronizing shaft effect.
3rd, Fig. 3 is the facade structures schematic diagram for organizing into groups stop component 1-4.
Controllable position organizes into groups block mechanism:
Described controllable position marshalling block mechanism is bolted on carrier chain collecting frame, there is a spiral lifting Machine drives block slide-bar to make horizontal rectilinear motion.
Described marshalling stop component 1-4 is provided with marshalling bearing 1-15, marshalling slide-bar 1-16, spiral lift 1-11, volume Group position coder 1-10;Described marshalling bearing 1-15 is bolted on chain frame;
Spiral lift input in termination is provided with and controls marshalling block position by measuring synchronous coupling rotating cycle The rotary encoder put.
Described marshalling stop assembly is fixed on marshalling slide-bar 1-16, is made horizontal adjustment with marshalling slide-bar 1-16 and is moved, The backgauge position of marshalling setting is reached, marshalling block can be moved up and down in stopper seat, be positioned below air cylinder driven, and shaped steel reaches During the marshalling quantity specified, marshalling block falls under cylinder action, and will organize into groups successful shaped steel group by carrier chain removes volume It is sent to material position in stacking in group position.
Described marshalling slide-bar 1-16 is moved forward and backward under spiral lift 1-11 drivings in marshalling bearing 1-15;Institute The real time position of the grouped location encoder 1-10 detection marshalling slide-bars 1-16 for stating.
Spiral lift input described in every is connected with synchronous coupling;Described synchronous coupling is by a T Type decelerating through motor unit drives, it is ensured that the synchronization of each marshalling bracket lifting.
Controllable position marshalling block mechanism is bolted on carrier chain collecting frame, has a spiral lift to drive Block slide-bar makees horizontal rectilinear motion.
The end of described marshalling slide-bar 1-16 is fixed with marshalling stopper seat 1-17, on described marshalling stopper seat 1-17 It is provided with marshalling block 1-12 to move up and down, is driven by marshalling block cylinder 1-13.
Above structure makes marshalling block 1-12 with driving and position control, and lifting driving function is moved horizontally, full The technical requirements of quick control backgauge position and punishment in advance in sufficient shaped steel grouping procedures.
The end of described carrier chain frame body is provided with fixed stop 1-14, the successful shaped steel row of marshalling is positioned at feeding Position.
4th, Fig. 4 is stacking mechanism structural representation.
Described band upset magnechuck stacking mechanism sets parallel four-bar linkage, and main beam termination is respectively equipped with two The rotatable gudgeon hole being made up of rolling bearing pedestal.Stacking mechanism base be again provided with two by rolling bearing pedestal constitute can The gudgeon hole of rotation., connection main beam and base composition parallel four-bar linkage, base passes through for driving link and driven rod member Foundation bolt is horizontally fixed in Equipment Foundations, and the hydraulic cylinder of drive mechanism swing is provided with drive connecting rod.
Specifically:
Described parallel four-bar linkage by stacking mechanism base 2-1, driving link 2-4, the end carriage of main beam 2-5 and from Lever part 2-2 is constituted;Two sets of described parallel four-bar linkage support main beam 2-5 and the components installed in main beam 2-5.
Frames of the stacking mechanism base 2-1 equivalent to four-bar mechanism;Driving link 2-4, driven rod member 2-2 are equivalent to four bars Two rocking bars of mechanism;Connecting rod of the end carriage of main beam 2-5 equivalent to four-bar mechanism.
Often cover described parallel four-bar linkage and be equipped with stacking driving hydraulic cylinder 2-3.The work of stacking driving hydraulic cylinder 2-3 Stopper rod is articulated and connected with driving link 2-4, realizes reciprocally swinging of the stacking mechanism 2 along conveying chain component 1-1 conveying directions.
Stacking mechanism 2 described in multiple is connected by stacking mechanism synchronizing shaft 2-9;Described stacking mechanism synchronizing shaft 2-9 It is rigidly connected positioned at the output shaft of driving link 2-4, keeps two sets of mechanical action synchronizations of quadric chain;A master wherein The output shaft of lever part 2-4 is provided with stacking position coder 2-8, real-time detection and the position swung by system control stacking mechanism Put.
Magnechuck upset motor reductor is provided with one of those in the upset magnechuck component 2-6 described in multiple 2-10;Described magnechuck upset motor reductor 2-10 drives all electromagnetism to inhale by magnechuck synchronous connecting shaft 2-7 Disk body 2-17 synchronously overturns;Both sides magnetic tongue 2-16 can be slid on magnechuck body, and shaped steel sticking appearance can be ensured after energization State.
Two groups of parallel four-bar linkages make main beam make the swing of certain angle, the bottom of main beam in setting plane Face remains level.Rigid water hammer connecting shaft is provided with the rotating shaft that driving link and base are connected, makes two groups of parallel four companies Linkage synchronous hunting is acted.A rotating shaft end is provided with the position coder of detection axis of rotation angle wherein, reaches control master Crossbeam movement position purpose.
5th, Fig. 5 is that band drive device overturns magnechuck modular construction schematic diagram.
Stacking mechanism main beam lower section is provided with the magnechuck erection support for waiting row arrangement, and the bearing is by bolt It is connected to the lower section of main beam.Rectangular electro-magnetic chuck on bearing and can make 180 ° by the trunnion support on biside plate Rotation.
Specifically:
Described main beam 2-5 bottoms are bolted the multiple upset magnechuck component 2-6 equipped with equidistant arrangement;
Described upset magnechuck component 2-6 is provided with upset drive sprocket 2-11, upset driven sprocket 2-15, upset chain Bar 2-12, tightener sprocket 2-13;The upset drive sprocket 2-11 and upset driven sprocket 2-15 and upset chain 2-12 compositions Chain conveyer.
Described upset chain 2-12 adjusts its rate of tension by tensioning screw 2-14;
Described upset magnechuck component 2-6 is provided with magnechuck body 2-17;Described magnechuck body 2-17 Both sides are provided with rotating shaft, are arranged on magnechuck bearing 2-18 by bearing block, in the drive of described upset driven sprocket 2-15 180 ° of reciprocal flip-flop movements of dynamic lower work.
It is provided with magnechuck position coder 2-19 on the magnechuck component 2-6 of outermost end, real-time detection and by being The position of system control magnechuck upset.
Magnechuck upset motor reductor 2-10 is arranged on bearing 2-18, by magnechuck synchronous connecting shaft 2-7 It is delivered to other magnechuck components and magnechuck can be kept synchronously to overturn.
It is provided with magnechuck position coder 2-19 on the magnechuck component 2-6 of outermost end, real-time detection and by being The position of system control magnechuck upset.
Described magnechuck is provided with the magnetic tongue by deadweight sliding, when magnechuck works downwards, can keep being inhaled The original state of shaped steel is held, is unlikely to shaped steel and is inhaled to turn over.Described electromagnetism upset is driven by one group of Chain conveyer, is propped up installed in centre Motor reducer on frame drives minor sprocket, and the big sprocket wheel being arranged on magnechuck gudgeon by chain drive realizes that electromagnetism is inhaled The upset of disk.Tensioning apparatus is provided with the Chain conveyer.Each upset magnechuck may be reversed stacking with support, Chain conveyer assembly Magnechuck component.
Described each independently may be reversed stacking magnechuck component and be connected by a synchronous axial system axle, it is ensured that each electromagnetism is inhaled Disk rotary movement synchronization.The position coder of detection synchronous axial system axle rotational angle is provided with the magnechuck group positioned at tail end, The angle of control magnechuck upset.
6th, Fig. 6 is the structural representation of feeding pressure mechanism 3.
Every stacking magnechuck component is provided with a set of feeding pressure mechanism.Binder arm is by guide bearing component in binder base Move up and down, tooth bar is provided with described binder arm, constituting binder arm by the gear assembly on binder base transports Dynamic lazy-tongs, couple together each feeding pressure mechanism lazy-tongs by synchronizing shaft, realize that binder arm moves up and down synchronous.
Specifically:
Feeding pressure mechanism 3 described in multiple is bolted the side of the main beam 2-5 for being equidistantly mounted on described;All pressures Feeding pressure mechanism synchronizing shaft 3-1 is provided between mechanism of material mechanism 3, it is ensured that the synchronization action of feeding pressure mechanism;Described feeding pressure mechanism is same Step axle 3-1 series connection feeding pressure mechanism synchronism output axles, it is ensured that described binder arm 3-2 synchronization actions.
The feeding pressure mechanism 3 is provided with feeding pressure mechanism bearing 3-6, binder arm 3-2, binder guidance set 3-4;
Described feeding pressure mechanism bearing 3-6 is arranged on the side of stacking mechanism main beam 2-5 by bolt;In described pressure Material arm 3-2 and feeding pressure mechanism bearing 3-6 is provided with tooth bar, gear synchronization mechanism.
Feeding pressure mechanism 3 described in each is equipped with independent binder drive cylinder 3-3.Binder arm 3-2 is set to move up and down.
Be provided with binder position coder 3-5 on the feeding pressure mechanism synchronism output axle described in outer end, real-time detection and by The lifting position of system control binder arm 3-2.
Described feeding pressure mechanism bearing 3-6 is arranged on stacking mechanism main beam 2-5 sides by bolt;Described binder arm 3-2 is moved up and down by binder guidance set 3-4 in feeding pressure mechanism bearing 3-6;Tooth is provided with binder arm 3-2 and bearing 3-6 Bar, gear synchronization mechanism;
7th, Fig. 7 is feeding, the structural representation of stacking mechanism 4.
Shaped steel of the invention is provided with multiple feedings, stacking mechanism 4, each feeding, stacking mechanism 4 include feed mechanism and Stacking mechanism, and share a base 4-1, advantage is that positional precision is high between feed mechanism and stacking mechanism, floor space is small, In-site installation is easy.
Described feeding, the equidistant arrangement of stacking mechanism 4 is below stacking mechanism 2.
Its function is that be sent to shaped steel on the working face of stacking magnechuck by the mode of lifting by the shaped steel for making marshalling good. Shaped steel is located at the lower section of magnechuck during shaped steel code, and shaped steel is located at the top of magnechuck during radix-minus-one complement.Stacking mechanism is mainly deposited The shaped steel pile bag of stacking is put, keeps pile envelope to keep certain height in palletization, quickly put pile bag after pile wrap molding Put and remove piling station on pile bag conveying mechanism.
The feed mechanism is provided with feeding lifting arm, guide bearing component, synchromesh gear, rack assembly and drives hydraulic pressure Cylinder.
Described guide bearing component is arranged on stacking base, and described feeding lifting arm is by Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder in stacking Moved up and down in base, make to be arranged on gear installed in the synchronous gear of the rack drives of the feeding lift arm side Synchronous Transmission axle is rotated, and is provided with synchronous connecting shaft in every set mechanism rotary shaft, it is ensured that feeding lifting arm synchronization action.Wherein Feed mechanism synchronous axial system axle in end is provided with angle position encoder, is controlled by the anglec of rotation for detecting synchronous rotating shaft The upper and lower displacement of feeding lifting arm.
Specifically:
Described feed mechanism is provided with loading bracket 4-4, feed mechanism driving hydraulic cylinder 4-8, feed mechanism guidance set 4-5;
Described loading bracket 4-4 is driven by feed mechanism driving hydraulic cylinder 4-8.By feed mechanism guidance set 4-5 Moved up and down in base 4-1.
Described loading bracket 4-4 is provided with gear, rack synchronous mechanism, is connected by feed mechanism Synchronous Transmission axle 4-2 Each feeding lazy-tongs output shaft, makes each loading bracket 4-4 synchronization actions.
Feed mechanism position coder 4-10, real-time detection are provided with the feed mechanism synchronism output axle described in outer end And by the lifting position of system control loading bracket 4-4.
Described stacking mechanism is provided with stacking lifting platform support 4-6;And by stacking lifting platform guidance set 4-10 the bottom of at Seat 4-1 is moved up and down.Described stacking lifting platform support 4-6 is driven by stacking driving hydraulic cylinder 4-7.
Described stacking lifting platform support 4-6 is provided with gear, rack synchronous mechanism;By stacking mechanism Synchronous Transmission axle 4- 3 connect each stacking lifting platform lazy-tongs output shaft, make each stacking lifting platform support 4-6 synchronization action.
Stacking lifting platform position coder 4-11 is provided with the stacker crane structure synchronism output axle of termination, real-time detection is simultaneously By the lifting position of system control stacking lifting platform support 4-6.
The stacking mechanism is provided with stacking lifting platform, guide bearing component, synchromesh gear, rack assembly and drives hydraulic pressure Cylinder.Described guide bearing component is arranged on stacking base, and described stacking lifting platform is by Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder in stacking base Inside move up and down, make to be arranged on the synchronization of gear installed in the synchronous gear of the rack drives of the stacking lifting platform side Drive axis, are provided with synchronous connecting shaft, it is ensured that stacking lifting platform synchronization action in every set mechanism rotary shaft.It is in wherein The stacking mechanism synchronous axial system axle of end is provided with angle position encoder, and stacking is controlled by the anglec of rotation for detecting synchronous rotating shaft Lifting of lifting table position.
In order to realize with above-mentioned technical proposal identical goal of the invention, present invention also offers above-described full-automatic The technical scheme of the automatic grouping method of steel and shaped steel automatic stacking method.In order to be best understood from operation principle of the invention, Fig. 8~ Figure 15 describes shaped steel and organizes into groups each mechanism action state of technological process automatically, and Figure 16~Figure 28 describes shaped steel automatic stacking technique stream Each mechanism action states of Cheng Liucheng.
Figure 29 is process chart of the invention.
8th, the automatic marshalling technological process of high-speed full-automatic profile steel stacker of the invention is as follows:
1st, as shown in Figure 8:Marshalling block 1-12 is in the backgauge position of code setting, and carrier chain 1-1 collects finished product shaped steel Reach the shaped steel quantity of code marshalling;
Now, when mechanism is in code marshalling operation, marshalling block 1-12 navigates to setting by organizing into groups slide-bar 1-16 Position, the marshalling block 1-12 is in high-order backgauge state, and the shaped steel arranged in rows that carrier chain transmission comes is on carrier chain;
2nd, as shown in Figure 9:Marshalling condition meets, and marshalling bracket 1-5 rises, and isolates code shaped steel row;
I.e.:When shaped steel row reaches code marshalling radical, marshalling bracket 1-15 rises, and it is fixed that code marshalling shaped steel is in marshalling Between position block and marshalling bracket;
3rd, as shown in Figure 10:Marshalling block 1-12 is fallen in clearance position, and shaped steel row to be grouped is conveyed by carrier chain 1-1 To at stacking feeding fixed stop 1-14;The radix-minus-one complement backgauge position that block 1-12 is advanced to setting is organized into groups simultaneously;
Marshalling block falls and is in discharge position, meanwhile, marshalling slide-bar 1-16 drives marshalling block 1-12 to move to radix-minus-one complement The backgauge position of setting;Code marshalling shaped steel row removes marshalling working position by carrier chain 1-1, is finally in consolidating for material position in stacking Determine at block;
4th, as shown in figure 11:After organizing into groups area, marshalling block 1-12 rises in radix-minus-one complement backgauge position marshalling shaped steel row, compiles Group bracket 1-5 falls, and carrier chain collects shaped steel row, and the shaped steel finished is discharged to up to feeding fixed stop position 1-14, completes code and compile Group operation;
After code marshalling shaped steel row removes marshalling block position, marshalling block 1-12 rising portions are in backgauge position, while organizing into groups support Frame 1-5 declines, and organizes into groups collect shaped steel, and now mechanism is in radix-minus-one complement marshalling operation;
5th, as shown in figure 12:Radix-minus-one complement grouping formulation enters in marshalling mechanism, collects shaped steel and reaches radix-minus-one complement marshalling condition;
6th, as shown in figure 13:Marshalling bracket 1-5 rises, and separates radix-minus-one complement shaped steel row;Marshalling block 1-12 is fallen in clearance Position, moves on to code backgauge setting position, for lower one code organizes into groups preparatory condition after falling behind under marshalling block 1-12;
When shaped steel row reaches radix-minus-one complement marshalling radical, marshalling bracket 1-5 rises, and radix-minus-one complement marshalling shaped steel is in marshalling positioning gear Between block and marshalling bracket;
7th, as shown in figure 14:The radix-minus-one complement shaped steel row for having organized into groups is sent at feeding fixed stop by carrier chain;
Marshalling block 1-12 falls and is in discharge position, drives marshalling block 1-12 to re-move while organizing into groups slide-bar 1-16 To the backgauge position of code setting;Radix-minus-one complement marshalling shaped steel row removes marshalling working position by carrier chain, is finally in material position in stacking Fixed stop at;
8th, as shown in figure 15:After organizing into groups block area, the 1-12 risings of marshalling block return to gear to radix-minus-one complement marshalling shaped steel row Material position, marshalling bracket 1-5 declines, and marshalling mechanism reenters code grouping formulation;
After radix-minus-one complement marshalling shaped steel row removes marshalling block position, marshalling block 1-12 rising portions are in backgauge position, while organizing into groups support Frame 1-5 declines, and organizes into groups collect shaped steel, and now mechanism comes back to code marshalling operation;
9th, the above-mentioned technical process of system repetitive cycling, realizes shaped steel code, radix-minus-one complement marshalling action alternately.
9th, the automatic stacking technological process of high-speed full-automatic profile steel stacker of the invention is as follows:
1st, as shown in figure 16:Treat that code shaped steel is ranked and treat material position in feeding, stacking mechanism 2 is in code and treats material position, binder Mechanism 3 is in code binder position;Loading bracket 4-4 is in zero-bit;Stacking lift platform 4-6 is in working position;
When code marshalling shaped steel is transported to material position fixed stop in stacking by carrier chain, stacking mechanism is in code to be waited to expect Position, magnechuck works downwards, and binder arm is in code binder working position;
2nd, as shown in figure 17:Loading bracket 4-4 rises, and shaped steel row is lifted into magnechuck component 2-6 working faces lower section;
Feed mechanism trailing arm rises to code feeding working position, and the code stacking shaped steel that will have been organized into groups lifts magnechuck Working face.
3rd, as shown in figure 18:Magnechuck obtains electric, and shaped steel row is pull-in on magnechuck, loading bracket 4-4 fly backs Position;
Magnechuck energization adhesive, loading bracket returns to original zero-bit.
4th, as shown in figure 19:Stacking mechanism 2 is just put;
The stacking mechanism of adhesive code stacking shaped steel is just put to stacking lifting platform direction, realizes shaped steel forward direction stacking work.
5th, as shown in figure 20:Stacking mechanism 2 moves to stacking blowing position, and the shaped steel of adhesive is ranked in stacking lift platform 4- Directly over 6;
When stacking mechanism 2 moves to stacking blowing position, feeding pressure mechanism downward actuation;
6th, as shown in figure 21:Feeding pressure mechanism 3 is acted, while magnechuck 2-17 dead electricity discharges, binder arm 3-2 arranges shaped steel Put off in stacking lift platform 4-6, complete shaped steel code process flow;
I.e.:Magnechuck dead electricity, shaped steel is placed on the stacking Lifting platform with certain altitude;
7th, as shown in figure 22:Stacking lift platform 4-6 spacings decline, it is ensured that certain pile face is highly;The anti-wobble of stacking mechanism 2 is arrived Radix-minus-one complement treats material position;In swing process, binder arm 3-2 rises to radix-minus-one complement binder position, magnechuck 2-17 (being counterclockwise on figure) 180 ° of upset, makes work face up;Marshalling mechanism has completed radix-minus-one complement marshalling task, and shaped steel is lifted radix-minus-one complement by loading bracket 4-4 Upper material position;
Stacking lifting platform spacing declines, it is ensured that pile envelope maintains the height of the stacking of setting, completes the positive code of shaped steel Pile function;
After completing above-mentioned work, stacking mechanism anti-wobble moves to reverse stacking and treats material setting position;In motion process, electricity 180 ° of magnetic disc spins, magnechuck work faces up, and binder arm is raised to radix-minus-one complement binder working position;During this period, feeding arm has been By radix-minus-one complement shaped steel group lifting to material position in radix-minus-one complement;
8th, as shown in figure 23:Stacking mechanism 2 reaches radix-minus-one complement and treats material position, and equipment enters radix-minus-one complement working procedure states;
9th, as shown in figure 24:Loading bracket 4-4 fly backs position, radix-minus-one complement shaped steel row is placed on magnechuck 2-17, Magnechuck 2-17 obtains electric adhesive;
Stacking mechanism 2 moves to reverse stacking when material position, and loading bracket 4-4 drops quickly to zero-bit, and shaped steel is put off In the working face of magnechuck.
10th, as shown in figure 25:Stacking mechanism 2 is just put, while magnechuck 2-17 (being clockwise on figure) overturns 180 ° moving Make;
Magnechuck energization adhesive, stacking mechanism is just put, and in stacking mechanism action process, magnechuck rotates 180 °, Shaped steel is overturn to radix-minus-one complement requirement.
11st, as shown in figure 26:After magnechuck overturns 180 °, binder arm 3-2 drops to code binder position;
After magnechuck rotation terminates, feeding pressure mechanism 3 is acted, and binder arm 3-2 drops to code binder position;
12nd, as shown in figure 27:Stacking mechanism 2 reaches stacking blowing position;
13rd, as shown in figure 28:Feeding pressure mechanism 3 is acted, while magnechuck 2-17 dead electricity discharges, binder arm 3-2 is by shaped steel Row is put off on stacking lift platform 4-6, completes shaped steel radix-minus-one complement process flow;
When stacking mechanism 2 moves to stacking blowing position, the downward actuation of feeding pressure mechanism 3, while magnechuck dead electricity, by shaped steel It is placed in the good shaped steel row of code, completes the reverse stacking function of shaped steel.
14th, above is shaped steel one workflow of positive and negative code, circulates this workflow to the number of plies for setting, stacking lifting Platform 4-6 rapid decreases, pile bag is placed on an output device, and pile bag removes piling station, and stacking lifting platform 4-6 is rapidly increased to Upper working position, into next round pile bag stacking operating mode.
Equipment circulates above-mentioned technological process, when the stacking number of plies reaches the requirement of setting, under stacking lifting platform 4-6 is quick Drop, the pile bag of shaping is placed on pile bag output equipment, after pile bag removes piling station, stacking lifting platform 4-6 rapid increases To the working position of setting, equipment reenters next stacking operation.
The present invention uses above-mentioned technical proposal, realizes the automatic stacking of shaped steel;Using mechanical-electrical-hydraulic integration grouping formulation, gram Take that the efficiency that prior art Shaped Steel machinery grouping method is present is low, needed live manual adjustment, poor universality and small-sized The defect that steel cannot be organized into groups;The characteristics of present invention has marshalling fast accurate, efficiency high, good versatility, leads in an equipment Cross that the selection species of shaped steel, specification and length achieve that angle steel, H profile steel, channel-section steel, I-steel, rail steel, square steel and other are different The stacking of shape steel, has fast movement velocity, accurate positioning and impacts small advantage using electrical-liquid control link-type stacking mechanism, Small section bar high speed piling is especially suitable for, unique binder design can quickly be such that shaped steel is separated with stacking mechanism and ensure shaped steel in blanking During position and attitude.It is a kind of innovative design of shaped steel palletizing method, with extensive market popularization value.
The present invention is exemplarily described above in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is clear that the present invention is implemented and do not receive aforesaid way Limitation, as long as employing the improvement of various unsubstantialities that method of the present invention design and technical scheme are carried out, or without changing Enter and design of the invention and technical scheme are directly applied into other occasions, within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of profile steel stacker, it is characterised in that:Described profile steel stacker includes conveying, marshalling mechanism (1), stacking mechanism (2), feeding pressure mechanism (3) and feeding, stacking mechanism (4);
Described conveying, marshalling mechanism (1) are provided with conveying chain component (1-1);
Described stacking mechanism (2) and feeding pressure mechanism (3) by main beam (2-5) and parallel four-bar linkage be arranged on conveying, The top of marshalling mechanism (1);
Described stacking mechanism (2) is provided with upset magnechuck component (2-6), and described main beam (2-5) bottom passes through bolt Multiple upsets magnechuck component (2-6) of the connection equipped with equidistant arrangement;
Described feeding pressure mechanism (3) is provided with binder arm (3-2), and described binder arm (3-2) is existed by binder guidance set (3-4) Moved up and down in feeding pressure mechanism bearing (3-6);
Feeding, stacking mechanism (4) described in each include feed mechanism and stacking mechanism, and share a base (4-1);Institute The feed mechanism stated is provided with loading bracket (4-4), and described loading bracket (4-4) is existed by feed mechanism guidance set (4-5) Moved up and down on base (4-1);Described stacking mechanism is provided with stacking lifting platform support (4-6), described stacking lifting platform Bracket (4-6) is moved up and down by stacking lifting platform guidance set (4-9) in base (4-1).
2. according to the profile steel stacker described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described conveying chain component (1-1) is provided with conveying Chain frame body, drive sprocket, driven sprocket, tightener sprocket and chain.
3. according to the profile steel stacker described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Conveying chain component (1-1) described in multiple passes through Carrier chain Synchronous Transmission axle (1-2) is connected.
4. according to the profile steel stacker described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Conveying is provided with the middle of conveying chain component (1-1) Chain conveyer motor reducer (1-3).
5. according to the profile steel stacker described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Volume is provided with conveying chain component (1-1) Group trailing arm (1-5), each marshalling trailing arm (1-5) is equipped with marshalling trailing arm drive cylinder (1-6) for driving its lifting;Each marshalling Trailing arm (1-5) is supported and fixed by marshalling trailing arm synchronizing shaft (1-7).
6. according to the profile steel stacker described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described conveying chain component (1-1) is provided with volume Group stop component (1-4).
7. according to the profile steel stacker described in claim 6, it is characterised in that:Described marshalling stop component (1-4) is provided with volume Group bearing (1-15), marshalling slide-bar (1-16), spiral lift (1-11), grouped location encoder (1-10);Described marshalling Bearing (1-15) is bolted on chain frame;Described marshalling slide-bar (1-16) spiral lift (1-11) driving under Moved forward and backward in marshalling bearing (1-15);The real-time of slide-bar (1-16) is organized into groups in described grouped location encoder (1-10) detection Position.
8. according to the profile steel stacker described in claim 7, it is characterised in that:The end of described marshalling slide-bar (1-16) is fixed There is marshalling stopper seat (1-17), marshalling block (1-12) is provided with described marshalling stopper seat (1-17) and is moved up and down, by Marshalling block cylinder (1-13) drives.
9. the automatic grouping method for being used according to the profile steel stacker any one of claim 1 to 8, it is characterised in that from Dynamic marshalling technological process is as follows:
1), marshalling block (1-12) is in the backgauge position of code setting, and carrier chain (1-1) collects finished product shaped steel and reaches code volume The shaped steel quantity of group;
2), marshalling condition meets, and marshalling bracket (1-5) rises, and isolates code shaped steel row;
3), marshalling block (1-12) is fallen in clearance position, and shaped steel row to be grouped is transported to stacking feeding by carrier chain (1-1) Fixed stop (1-14) place;The radix-minus-one complement backgauge position that block (1-12) is advanced to setting is organized into groups simultaneously;
4), marshalling shaped steel row organizes into groups block (1-12) and rises in radix-minus-one complement backgauge position, marshalling bracket (1-5) after organizing into groups area Fall, carrier chain collects shaped steel row, the shaped steel finished is discharged to up to feeding fixed stop position (1-14), complete code marshalling operation;
5), radix-minus-one complement grouping formulation enters in marshalling mechanism, collects shaped steel and reaches radix-minus-one complement marshalling condition;
6), marshalling bracket (1-5) rises, and separates radix-minus-one complement shaped steel row;Marshalling block (1-12) is fallen in clearance position, organizes into groups block Code backgauge setting position is moved on to after falling behind under (1-12), for lower one code organizes into groups preparatory condition;
7) the radix-minus-one complement shaped steel row for, having organized into groups is sent at feeding fixed stop by carrier chain;
8), radix-minus-one complement marshalling shaped steel row organizes into groups block (1-12) rising and returns to backgauge position after organizing into groups block area, organizes into groups bracket (1-5) declines, and marshalling mechanism reenters code grouping formulation;
9), the above-mentioned technical process of system circulation, makes shaped steel code, radix-minus-one complement marshalling action alternately.
10. the automatic stacking method for being used according to the profile steel stacker any one of claim 1 to 8, it is characterised in that Automatic stacking technological process is as follows:
1), treat that code shaped steel is ranked and treat material position in feeding, stacking mechanism (2) is in code and treats material position, and feeding pressure mechanism (3) is in just Code binder position;Loading bracket (4-4) is in zero-bit;Stacking lift platform (4-6) is in working position;
2), loading bracket (4-4) rises, and shaped steel row is lifted into magnechuck component (2-6) working face lower section;
3), magnechuck obtains electric, and shaped steel row is pull-in on magnechuck, loading bracket (4-4) fly back position;
4), stacking mechanism (2) is just put;
5), stacking mechanism (2) moves to stacking blowing position, and the shaped steel of adhesive is ranked directly over stacking lift platform (4-6);
6), feeding pressure mechanism (3) action, while magnechuck (2-17) dead electricity discharges, binder arm (3-2) puts off in heap shaped steel row Pile lift platform (4-6), completes shaped steel code process flow;
7), stacking lift platform (4-6) spacing declines, it is ensured that certain pile face is highly;Stacking mechanism (2) anti-wobble is waited to expect to radix-minus-one complement Position;In swing process, binder arm (3-2) rises to radix-minus-one complement binder position, and magnechuck (2-17) overturns 180 °, makes working face court On;Marshalling mechanism has completed radix-minus-one complement marshalling task, and shaped steel is lifted material position in radix-minus-one complement by loading bracket (4-4);
8), stacking mechanism (2) reaches radix-minus-one complement and treats material position, and equipment enters radix-minus-one complement working procedure states;
9), loading bracket (4-4) fly back position, radix-minus-one complement shaped steel row is placed on magnechuck (2-17), magnechuck (2- 17) electric adhesive is obtained;
10), stacking mechanism (2) is just put, while magnechuck (2-17) overturns 180 ° of actions;
11) after, magnechuck overturns 180 °, binder arm (3-2) drops to code binder position;
12), stacking mechanism (2) reaches stacking blowing position;
13), feeding pressure mechanism (3) action, while magnechuck (2-17) dead electricity discharges, binder arm (3-2) puts off shaped steel row On stacking lift platform (4-6), shaped steel radix-minus-one complement process flow is completed;
14), above is shaped steel one workflow of positive and negative code, circulates this workflow to the number of plies for setting, stacking lifting platform (4-6) rapid decrease, pile bag is placed on an output device, and pile bag removes piling station, stacking lifting platform (4-6) rapid increase Supreme working position, into next round pile bag stacking operating mode.
CN201710224832.5A 2017-04-07 2017-04-07 A kind of profile steel stacker and its automatic marshalling, automatic stacking method Pending CN106892276A (en)

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CN112660837A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-04-16 中冶华天工程技术有限公司 Guide rail steel finishing process
CN112850173A (en) * 2021-01-21 2021-05-28 昆山瑞源智能装备有限公司 Material collecting device of three-material collecting stacker
CN112850173B (en) * 2021-01-21 2022-04-08 昆山瑞源智能装备有限公司 Material collecting device of three-material collecting stacker

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