CN106424326B - Fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line - Google Patents

Fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106424326B
CN106424326B CN201610712741.1A CN201610712741A CN106424326B CN 106424326 B CN106424326 B CN 106424326B CN 201610712741 A CN201610712741 A CN 201610712741A CN 106424326 B CN106424326 B CN 106424326B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
hydraulic press
rollgang
frame
punching
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610712741.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106424326A (en
Inventor
张亮
张�林
崔鹏
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天津市天锻压力机有限公司
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Priority to CN201610712741.1A priority Critical patent/CN106424326B/en
Publication of CN106424326A publication Critical patent/CN106424326A/en
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Publication of CN106424326B publication Critical patent/CN106424326B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D35/00Combined processes according to or processes combined with methods covered by groups B21D1/00 - B21D31/00
    • B21D35/002Processes combined with methods covered by groups B21D1/00 - B21D31/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C51/00Measuring, gauging, indicating, counting, or marking devices specially adapted for use in the production or manipulation of material in accordance with subclasses B21B - B21F
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/003Positioning devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • B21D43/08Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/04Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work
    • B21D43/14Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in mechanical engagement with the work by turning devices, e.g. turn-tables
    • B21D43/145Turnover devices, i.e. by turning about a substantially horizontal axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/02Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool
    • B21D43/18Advancing work in relation to the stroke of the die or tool by means in pneumatic or magnetic engagement with the work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/20Storage arrangements; Piling or unpiling

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking lines, are characterized in that:Including material conveying trolley, de-stacking device, turnover device, rollgang, cutting workpiece hydraulic press, mould changing device, 2D vision camera device for detecting length, workpiece punching hydraulic press, workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press, stop positioning mechanism, 3D vision camera hole size detection devices and discard transfer apparatus, de-stacking device, turnover device, rollgang, cutting workpiece hydraulic press, mould changing device, 2D vision camera device for detecting length, workpiece punching hydraulic press, workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press, stop positioning mechanism and 3D vision camera hole size detection devices are controlled by PLC master controllers.Advantage is:No manual intervention, labor intensity that is time saving and energy saving, mitigating operating personnel, workpiece feeding and feeding accurate positioning, it is easy to operation, high degree of automation and the precision and processing efficiency that creeper tread punching can be increased substantially, the punching pressing process of the crawler belt profile material especially suitable for various specifications.

Description

Fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line

Technical field

The invention belongs to metal forming machinery fields, more particularly to a kind of fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line.

Background technology

With the development of Modern Manufacturing Technology, the automation of punching production technology forward direction, flexibility, intelligence, precise treatment Direction is developed.Modern mechanical manufacturing industry has very strict requirements to material forming, it is necessary to it is several in addition more than ten not After same process forming, the part of a standard could be obtained, therefore how to realize that high-volume workpiece On line inspection and size are surveyed Amount, it is ensured that workpiece quality improves production efficiency, becomes each forging equipment manufacturer problem in the urgent need to address.

The important developing direction of modern forming technique is to molded part as basic part, and shaping form is to non-right Online, the quick, intelligent checking system suitable for the special-shaped product of multi-position furnace is developed in the heteromorphosis development such as title, curving, real The main of next generation CNC hydraulic press now is had become to quick detection, screening and the diagnosis control of the processing of molded part each process Innovative content.Since the production in conventional track plate Punching Process needs to complete feeding, transmission and detection by manually Operation etc., entire production process is influenced greatly by the subjective factor of operating personnel, and homogeneity of product is poor, labor intensity is big and produces Efficiency is low, therefore manual operation seriously constrains modern punching production technology to the side of automation, flexibility, intelligence and precise treatment To development.Therefore it is needed in modern automation punching production using continuous on-line checking and measurement digitization system, it is ensured that The efficient of automatic production line, digitlization and intelligence.This is the effective ways for improving production efficiency, improving the quality of production, It is the important development direction of modern punching production technology.

Invention content

The present invention provides one kind without manual intervention, each manufacturing procedure to solve technical problem present in known technology It all realizes automated control operation, labor intensity time saving and energy saving, easy to operation and that operating personnel can be greatly reduced, improve The fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line of creeper tread punching precision and efficiency.

The present invention is adopted the technical scheme that solve technical problem present in known technology:

Fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line, it is characterised in that:Including material conveying trolley, de-stacking device, turnover device, Rollgang, cutting workpiece hydraulic press, mould changing device, 2D vision cameras device for detecting length, workpiece punching hydraulic press, workpiece punching Tank liquor press, stop positioning mechanism, 3D vision camera hole size detection devices and discard transfer apparatus, the de-stacking device, Turnover device, rollgang, cutting workpiece hydraulic press, mould changing device, 2D vision cameras device for detecting length, workpiece punching hydraulic pressure Machine, workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press, stop positioning mechanism and 3D vision camera hole size detection devices are controlled by PLC master controls Device.

The side of described rollgang one end is equipped with material conveying trolley and guide rail, and being equipped in the top of material conveying trolley can be by work Part is picked up to the de-stacking device on turnover device or rollgang, and 180 ° can be carried out by workpiece by, which being equipped with positioned at material conveying trolley side, turns over The turnover device turned;The lower margin of the de-stacking device is fixedly mounted on the ground, and the turnover device is packed in rollgang frame body Side;The feed end of the rollgang other end docking cutting workpiece hydraulic press, the cutting workpiece hydraulic press exit side are set It is equipped with stop positioning mechanism, discharging transporting chain plate device, rollgang and 2D vision camera device for detecting length, is cut positioned at workpiece The rollgang of disconnected hydraulic press exit side is fixed equipped with backgauge in workpiece punching hydraulic press exit side to being connected to workpiece punching hydraulic press Position mechanism and rollgang, the rollgang other end is to being connected to workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press, in going out for workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press Expect that side is equipped with stop positioning mechanism, rollgang, 3D vision camera hole size detection devices and discard transfer apparatus, in workpiece It is respectively arranged with mould changing device on the side of cut-out hydraulic press, workpiece punching hydraulic press and workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press.

The present invention can also adopt the following technical scheme that:

The de-stacking device includes the de-stacking device frame body for being packed in ground, moving beam, sucker crossbeam, lifting driving electricity Machine, rack and pinion drive mechanism and travel driving motor, the moving beam both ends are fixed with rail plate, rail plate seat with Moving beam connects, and rail plate itself is connect with frame body, and rack and pinion drive mechanism is fixed in the side of moving beam, described The rack bottom surface of rack and pinion drive mechanism is connect with sucker crossbeam;It is further fixed on lifting driving motor in moving beam side, The lifting motor output shaft is connected by synchronizing shaft and the rack and pinion drive mechanism at both ends;In the another side of moving beam Upper fixed travel driving motor, the output shaft of travel driving motor are connected to the idler wheel at both ends by connecting shaft.

The turnover device includes 4 groups of identical switching mechanisms, and every group of switching mechanism includes overturning frame body, left workpiece support Frame, right workpiece holder, left tumble cylinder and right tumble cylinder, the overturning frame body are packed on ground and rollgang, institute It states left workpiece holder to connect with overturning frame body by left-handed shaft, the right workpiece holder passes through dextral shaft 3-4 and frame Body connects, and described left tumble cylinder one end is connect with overturning frame body, and the driving end of left tumble cylinder is connect with left workpiece holder, Described right tumble cylinder one end is connect with overturning frame body, and the driving end of right tumble cylinder is connect with right workpiece holder.

The 2D vision cameras device for detecting length includes:Holder, industrial camera, light source and a pair are packed in rollgang Length measurement sensor on frame body, the holder are packed on the frame body of rollgang, are connected with industrial camera in stent ends, institute Industrial camera is stated to be suspended on rollgang;The light source being suspended on rollgang 4 is also associated on the both sides of holder.

The stop positioning mechanism is individually fixed in cutting workpiece hydraulic press, workpiece punching hydraulic press and workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic pressure It is on the fuselage column of machine workpiece discharging direction and upper outstanding mounted on cutting workpiece hydraulic press, workpiece punching hydraulic press and workpiece jet-bedding Hydraulic press goes out the top of material conveying device;The stop positioning mechanism includes:Supporting frame, driving motor, worm and gear slow down Machine, adjusting screw, guiding mechanism and block, support frame as described above body be packed in cutting workpiece hydraulic press, workpiece punching hydraulic press and On the fuselage column of workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press, driving motor, the output of the driving motor are connected in supporting frame end The output end of axis connection worm-gear speed reducer, worm-gear speed reducer connects adjusting screw, the adjusting screw front end connection There is block, adjusting screw both sides are provided with guiding mechanism.

The 3D vision cameras hole size detection device includes the detection support being packed on rollgang frame body and one To gaging hole sensor, straight line module is fixed in detection support, straight line module end is connected with servo motor, in straight line 3D cameras are installed on module.

The discard transfer apparatus includes:Summarize carrier chain, mirror symmetry is fixed on and summarizes on the ground of carrier chain both sides Point carrier chain and for drive the motor for dividing carrier chain to operate, it is described to summarize carrier chain and divide carrier chain vertical arrangement, described point Carrier chain includes frame body, conveyor chain, transporting chain plate and supporting guide, and running through among the frame body has conveyor chain, in frame body Medial surface is provided with supporting guide, and transporting chain plate is housed on the conveyor chain.

The invention has the advantages and positive effects that:Since the present invention uses above-mentioned technical proposal, by this production line The each process that crawler belt profile material punch press process can be achieved all realizes automated control operation, i.e., workpiece is passed through de-stacking device list Root is put on turnover device, and after workpiece is carried out 180 ° of overturnings by turnover device, workpiece is put on rollgang.Then it conveys Workpiece is transported in 1400 tons of cutting workpiece hydraulic presses by roller-way again, and is positioned to workpiece by stop positioning mechanism, 1400 tons of cutting workpiece hydraulic presses complete cutting off processing to workpiece.At this point, the workpiece after cut-out is transmitted to by rollgang At 2D time camera measuring motions, requires to judge to whether workpiece meets design size, meet the work of design size requirement Part continuation is transported to by rollgang in 1200 tons of workpiece punching hydraulic presses.And by stop positioning mechanism to being kept off to workpiece Anticipate position, then processing is punched out to workpiece by 1200 tons of punching hydraulic presses, continues transported to 1200 tons of workpiece jet-beddings after the completion Hydraulic press after completing backgauge positioning, carries out notching process to workpiece, continues transported to rollgang after the completion.When workpiece passes through Rollgang send to 3D vision camera hole size detection devices and carries out detection of taking pictures, and the workpiece for meeting design requirement continues to convey To production line end, undesirable workpiece is pushed by charging cylinder to waste material frame.This production line is suitable for various specifications The punching pressing process of crawler belt profile material, no manual intervention, labor intensity that is time saving and energy saving, mitigating operating personnel, workpiece feeding Easy to operation with feeding accurate positioning, high degree of automation and the precision and efficiency that can increase substantially creeper tread punching, are existing Develop the condition of providing convenience to the direction of automation, flexibility, intelligence and precise treatment for punching production technology.

Description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the layout of production line of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is de-stacking apparatus structure schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 3 a are the left views of Fig. 3;

Fig. 4 is material conveying trolley structural schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is turnover device overall structure diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the vertical view of Fig. 5;

Fig. 7 is roller-conveying device structural schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is cutting workpiece hydraulic press structural schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 8 a are the left views of Fig. 8;

Fig. 9 is 2D vision cameras measuring motion structural schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 9 a are the vertical views of Fig. 9:

Figure 10 is backgauge positioning device structure schematic diagram of the present invention;

Figure 10 a are the vertical views of Figure 10;

Figure 11 is 3D vision cameras gaging hole position of the present invention apparatus structure schematic diagram;

Figure 11 a are the vertical views of Figure 11:

Figure 12 is discard transfer apparatus structural schematic diagram of the present invention;

Figure 12 a are the vertical views of Figure 12;

Figure 12 b are the A-A sectional views of Figure 12 a.

In figure:1, de-stacking device;1-1, de-stacking device frame body;1-2, moving beam;1-3, sucker crossbeam;1-4, lifting are driven Dynamic motor;1-5, rack and pinion mechanism;1-6, travel driving motor;1-7, connecting shaft;1-8, idler wheel;1-9, synchronizing shaft;1-10, Sucker;2, material conveying trolley;2-1, car body;2-2, driving motor;2-3, sprocket wheel;2-4, transmission shaft;2-5, traveling wheel;3, overturning dress It sets;3-1, overturning frame body;3-2, right tumble cylinder;3-3, right overturning support;3-4, right synchronizing shaft;3-5, left synchronizing shaft;3- 6, left overturning support;3-7, left tumble cylinder;4, rollgang;4-1, roller-way frame body;4-2, conveying roller;4-3, bearing block; 4-4, drive sprocket;4-5 driving motors;5, cutting workpiece hydraulic press;5-1, fuselage;5-2, main hydraulic cylinder;5-3, sliding block;5-4, Buffer gear;5-5, cushion dashpot;6, mould changing device;7,2D vision cameras measuring motion;7-1, holder;7-2, vision camera;7- 3, light source;7-4, length measurement sensor;8, workpiece punching hydraulic press;9, backgauge positioning device;9-1, supporting frame;9-2, driving electricity Machine;9-3, worm-gear speed reducer;9-4, adjusting screw;9-5, guider;9-6, block;10, workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press; 11,3D vision cameras gaging hole position device;11-1, detection frame body;11-2, straight line module;11-3, servo motor;11-4,3D phase Machine;11-5, gaging hole sensor;12, discard transfer apparatus;12-1, walking frame body;12-2, conveyor chain;12-3, transporting chain plate; 12-4, supporting guide;12-5, summarize carrier chain;12-6, motor.

Specific implementation mode

In order to further understand the content, features and effects of the present invention, the following examples are hereby given, and coordinate attached drawing Detailed description are as follows:

Please refer to Fig.1-Figure 12 b, fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line, including:Material conveying trolley 2, de-stacking device 1, Turnover device 3, rollgang 4, cutting workpiece hydraulic press 5, mould changing device 6,2D vision cameras device for detecting length 7, workpiece punching Hole hydraulic press 8, workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press 10, stop positioning mechanism 9,3D vision camera hole sizes detection device 11 and waste material are defeated Send device 12.The de-stacking device, turnover device, rollgang, cutting workpiece hydraulic press, mould changing device, 2D vision cameras are long Spend detection device, workpiece punching hydraulic press, workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press, stop positioning mechanism and the detection of 3D vision camera hole sizes Device is controlled by PLC master controllers.

The side of 4 one end of the rollgang is equipped with material conveying trolley 2 and guide rail 13, and being equipped in the top of material conveying trolley can Workpiece is picked up to the de-stacking device 1 on turnover device or rollgang, is equipped with and workpiece can be carried out positioned at material conveying trolley side The turnover device 3 of 180 ° of overturnings;The lower margin of the de-stacking device 1 is fixedly mounted on the ground, and the turnover device 3 is packed in conveying roller The side of 4 frame body of road.The feed end of the rollgang other end docking cutting workpiece hydraulic press 5, the cutting workpiece hydraulic pressure Machine exit side is provided with stop positioning mechanism 9, discharging transporting chain plate device, rollgang 4 and 2D vision camera length detections dress Set 7.Rollgang positioned at cutting workpiece hydraulic press exit side is to being connected to workpiece punching hydraulic press 8, in workpiece punching hydraulic press Exit side be equipped with stop positioning mechanism 9 and rollgang 4, the rollgang other end to being connected to workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press 10, It is equipped with stop positioning mechanism 9, rollgang 4,3D vision camera hole sizes detection dress in the exit side of workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press 11 and discard transfer apparatus 12 are set, on the side of cutting workpiece hydraulic press, workpiece punching hydraulic press and workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press It is respectively arranged with mould changing device 6.

The mould changing device includes:Car body, positioning device, guide wheel device, roller devices, anti-drop device, chain, which break off relations, to be filled It sets, limiting device, halfpace and chain case apparatus.The car body right profile is welded, and can carry a mold, car body It is installed above to have guide wheel device, roller devices and anti-drop device.Wherein trolley drives chain by the speed reducer in it, To drive idler wheel that trolley is made to move left and right.There is guide wheel as guider in each station both sides, the guiding per station The distance between wheel need to ensure that common template smoothly enters, releases mold storing region on trolley.After mold-change trolley Face is equipped with chain draw box mechanism, this device is equipped with speed reducer drive sprocket, chain, drives to break off relations and advances, retreats, to push mould Inside tool disengaging press.

Fig. 3 and Fig. 3 a are please referred to, the de-stacking device 1 includes de-stacking device frame body 1-1, the moving beam for being packed in ground 1-2, sucker crossbeam 1-3, lifting driving motor 1-4, rack and pinion drive mechanism 1-5 and travel driving motor 1-6, the movement The both ends crossbeam 1-2 are fixed with rail plate, and rail plate seat is connect with moving beam, and rail plate itself is connect with frame body, Rack and pinion drive mechanism is fixed in the side of moving beam 1-2, and the rack bottom surface of the rack and pinion drive mechanism and sucker are horizontal Beam 1-3 connections;It is further fixed on lifting driving motor 1-4 in the sides moving beam 1-2, the lifting motor output shaft passes through synchronization Axis 1-9 and the rack and pinion drive mechanism at both ends connect;Travel driving motor 1- is fixed on the another side of moving beam 1-2 6, the output shaft of travel driving motor is connected to the idler wheel 1-8 at both ends, the bottom of the sucker crossbeam 1-3 by connecting shaft 1-7 Equipped with multiple sucker 1-10.

The transverse shifting of moving beam 1-2 is driven by connecting shaft 1-7 by travel driving motor 1-6, and idler wheel 1-8 is being led It is moved on rail to realize transverse shifting.The up and down motion of sucker crossbeam 1-3 is to drive rack and pinion mechanism by lifting motor 1-4 1-5 drives, and completes to move up and down along guiding mechanism, and be linked together side-to-side movement part by synchronizing shaft 1-9, ensures steady same Step lifting.Sucker crossbeam is attached on moving beam, is carried by the two compound motion to complete the position of workpiece.Connect in sucker It connects position and is nearby provided with universal tracheae, universal tracheae direction can be manually adjusted, for purging workpiece surface and sucker bottom The dust or iron filings in face.

Referring to Fig. 4, the car body 2-1 of the material conveying trolley 2 generally proximate matter welding structures, by alternating-current variable frequency motor 2-2 Drive sprocket 2-3 drives transmission shaft 2-4 movements, so that the wheel 2-5 of bottom is supported on light rail and operate movement, the position of trolley It is detected by switch.

Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 are please referred to, the turnover device 3 includes 4 groups of identical switching mechanisms, and every group of switching mechanism includes turning over Pivoted frame body 3-1, left workpiece holder 3-6, right workpiece holder 3-3, left tumble cylinder 3-7 and right tumble cylinder 3-2, it is described to turn over Pivoted frame body 3-1 is packed on ground and rollgang 4, and the left workpiece holder 3-6 passes through left-handed shaft 3-5 and overturning frame body 3-1 connections, the right workpiece holder 3-3 are connect by dextral shaft 3-4 with frame body, described one end left tumble cylinder 3-7 with Overturn frame body connection, the driving end of left tumble cylinder connect with left workpiece holder 3-6, described one end right tumble cylinder 3-2 and Frame body connection is overturn, the driving end of right tumble cylinder is connect with right workpiece holder 3-3.

The left tumble cylinder 3-7 and right tumble cylinder 3-2 is by a hydraulic power unit unified driving, when needing to overturn When workpiece, the right workpiece holder 3-3 of side first passes through right tumble cylinder 3-2 drivings and digs about 80 °, at this time a left side for the other side Workpiece holder 3-6 is driven by left tumble cylinder 3-7, workpiece is pushed to dig to about 100 °, and workpiece is being dug with flumping certainly On the right workpiece holder 3-3 of 80 ° of sides, then frame supported on both sides turns to horizontality simultaneously, you can the overturning for completing workpiece is dynamic Make.

Referring to Fig. 7, the rollgang 4, is by roller-way frame body 4-1, conveying roller 4-2, bearing block 4-3, driving motor 4-5, drive sprocket chain 4-4 compositions, roller-way frame body 4-1 is welded by shaped steel, solid and reliable, and top is disposed at equal intervals Conveying roller 4-2 makes conveying roller 4-2 rotate, to complete conveying work pieces by driving motor 4-5 drive sprocket chains 4-4.Roller-way The lower margin of frame body is equipped with height-adjustable mechanism, and roller-way both sides are provided with baffle and prevent from falling in workpiece transmission process, and close 1400 tons of cutting workpiece press 5 are nearby provided with guider, can manually be adjusted according to different size workpiece size, To be accurately oriented to workpiece, into 1400 tons of cutting workpiece press.

Fig. 8 and Fig. 8 a are please referred to, the cutting workpiece hydraulic press 5 uses integral body 5-1 structures, the setting of upper beam top There are hydraulic control system, inside that main hydraulic cylinder 5-2 is installed, it is sliding block 5-3 to be connect with main hydraulic cylinder piston, in sliding block 5-3 On be provided with 4 jiaos of buffer gear 5-4, workbench backing plate and cushion dashpot 5-5 are installed on bottom end rail, gear is fixed on fuselage column Quadrangle buffer gear is provided on sliding block described in material detent mechanism 9, workbench backing plate is installed on bottom end rail, on fuselage column It is fixed with stop positioning mechanism 9, a set of mould changing device is set in the side of cutting workpiece hydraulic press.

The quadrangle buffer gear uses 4 buffer structures, 4 groups of cushion dashpots is equipped on the table, in the bottom surface of sliding block Quadrangle is equipped with set buffering wire lever, is connect with sliding block by mother lead screw, and buffering leading screw bottom is equipped with limiting cushion block, for buffering When with workbench on cushion dashpot contact.Buffering leading screw top is connect by connecting rod and worm gear mechanism with motor, Buffering lead screw position effect is adjusted to reach by motor rotation, while this driving motor carries encoder, digital can show Debug position.

Cutting workpiece hydraulic press two sides are equipped with fixed and elevating safety protective door, are upper and lower two on the left of hydraulic press The fixed safety protective door of fan, has bolt to fix door when closing protective door, while having the open and-shut mode of safety switch detection door. It is provided with elevating safety protective door on the right side of cutting workpiece hydraulic press, is driven by the cylinder elevating movement, while both sides are equipped with fortune Row guide rail is oriented to, and organic glass is provided among the protective door, is convenient for personal observations' inner case.

Fig. 9 and Fig. 9 a are please referred to, the 2D vision cameras device for detecting length 7 includes:Holder 7-1, industrial camera 7-2, Light source 7-3 and a pair of length measurement sensor 7-4 being packed on the roller-way frame body 4-1 of rollgang 4, the holder 7-1 are packed in On the roller-way frame body of rollgang, it is connected with industrial camera 7-2, the industrial camera 7-2 in stent ends and is suspended in rollgang On;The light source 7-3 being suspended on rollgang 4 is also associated on the both sides of holder 7-1.The device be further equipped with industrial personal computer, The peripheries control devices such as industrial display, industrial keyboard and mouse complete the control of vision system and logical with PLC master controllers News, and be provided with aluminium alloy supporting table and protective door etc. and this device is carried and protected.It is filled when workpiece is conveyed by front and continued It sets when being transported to vision and surveying long position, triggers length measurement sensor 7-4 nearby, start industrial camera 7-2 and take pictures, industrial camera 7-2 It is rapidly completed and takes pictures and handled through software, the requirement data of obtained Workpiece length data and storage are compared, will be compared As a result master control PLC is fed back to, obtains handling result.Measurement accuracy:≤±1.5mm.

0 and Figure 10 a are please referred to Fig.1, the stop positioning mechanism 9 is individually fixed in cutting workpiece hydraulic press, workpiece punching It is on hydraulic press and the fuselage column of workpiece fliud flushing press workpiece discharging direction and upper outstanding mounted on cutting workpiece hydraulic press, workpiece punching Hole hydraulic press and workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press go out the top of material conveying device, and the stop positioning mechanism includes:Supporting frame 9-1, Driving motor 9-2, worm-gear speed reducer 9-3, adjusting screw 9-4, guiding mechanism 9-5 and block 9-6, support frame as described above body 9- 1 is packed on the fuselage column of cutting workpiece hydraulic press 5, workpiece punching hydraulic press 8 and workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press 10, in supporting rack Body end is connected with the output axis connection worm-gear speed reducer 9-3 of driving motor 9-2, the driving motor 9-2, worm gear snail The output end of bar speed reducer connects adjusting screw 9-4, and the adjusting screw front end is connected with block 9-6, in adjusting screw both sides It is provided with guiding mechanism 9-5.

Supporting frame 9-1 is used to support whole device weight, is welded by shaped steel, is fixed on hydraulic machine column.Branch It is equipped with position adjusting mechanism below support body and driving motor is dynamic, adjustment mechanism front is provided with workpiece to position detecting mechanism.Position Set adjustment mechanism drives adjusting screw 9-4, the driving motor 9-2 to be connected with encoder by driving motor 9-2, can be accurate Level detecting apparatus is recorded.When suppressing different length size workpiece, worm-gear speed reducer 9- is driven by driving motor 9-2 3 movements drive adjusting screw 9-4 rotations, realize that the block 9-6 of front is moved forward and backward, and then can meet detection different length work The demand of part, after being adjusted in place, driving motor 9-2 brakings, it is ensured that position is accurately constant.

1 and Figure 11 a are please referred to Fig.1, the 3D vision cameras hole size detection device 11 includes being packed in rollgang 4 Detection support 11-1 on frame body and a pair of of gaging hole sensor 11-5 is fixed with straight line module 11-2 in detection support, described Straight line module end is connected with servo motor 11-3, and 3D cameras 11-4 is equipped on straight line module.

3D vision cameras gaging hole position device 11, the device pass through the 3D cameras 11- that is packed on detection support 11-1 4, it is moved by servo motor 11-3, drives straight line module 11-2,3D cameras is made to move along a straight line, completed workpiece scanning and take pictures, examine The real-time displacement of device perception workpiece is surveyed, and is fed back to vision controller.Device startup is by being mounted in rollgang On observing and controlling sensor 11-5 senders, triggered, transmission mechanism by motor leading screw drive 3D cameras with maximum 100mm/s- 300mm/s speed is scanned imaging to workpiece.Via controller software is fitted by 3D, finds out crucial locating shaft, is measured required Data.

Please referring to Fig.1 discard transfer apparatus 12 described in 2- Figure 12 b includes:Summarize carrier chain 12-5, mirror symmetry is fixed on Summarize on the ground of carrier chain both sides divide carrier chain and for driving the motor 12-6 for dividing carrier chain to operate, it is described to summarize carrier chain With divide carrier chain vertical arrangement, and in the melt pit of workpiece punching hydraulic press and jet-bedding hydraulic press, climbed out of along certain angle Ground.It is described to summarize carrier chain and carrier chain is divided to be leaf chain row's structure for conveying, it is described to divide carrier chain to include frame body 12-1, is defeated Chain 12-2, transporting chain plate 12-3 and supporting guide 12-4 are sent, running through among the frame body has conveyor chain, in frame body medial surface It is provided with supporting guide, transporting chain plate is housed on the conveyor chain.The frame body is welded using steel plate, is conveyed in waste material Device is equipped with suitable guard's valve, to realize that self-movement conveys waste material.When motor 12-6 rotates, conveyor chain can be driven 12-2 is moved on supporting guide 12-4, to drive transporting chain plate 12-3, when waste material is fallen on transporting chain plate, and carrier chain The operation of plate has driven waste material conveying, completes the collection of waste material.

The operation principle of the present invention is that:

It please refers to Fig.1 and Fig. 2, operating personnel gets out the bundle material for needing to lift in feeding area in advance, then hang bundle material It is attached within the scope of the position block of material conveying trolley 2, then strapping is cut, ensures that the blank on material conveying trolley is opposite and flush with full Sufficient de-stacking requirement.Material conveying trolley 2 is automatically moved at de-stacking position 1, and the moving beam 1-2 of de-stacking device is laterally moved to material conveying trolley 2 tops, sucker crossbeam 1-3 are moved down, and are touched workpiece posterior sucker 1-10 and are drawn workpiece, and sucker crossbeam drives workpiece to move up, at this point, Moving beam drives sucker crossbeam and the traversing return of workpiece.

Front workpiece is directly put to rollgang 4, and reverse side workpiece is put to turnover device 3, then passes through overturning Reverse side workpiece can be directly turned on rollgang 4 by device 3.Workpiece is conveyed by rollgang 4, by guider and Pressing device enters cutting workpiece hydraulic press 5.Workpiece bumps against the end of the stop positioning mechanism 9 on cutting workpiece hydraulic press, defeated Roller-way 4 is sent to stop conveying, cutting workpiece, workpiece are fallen, continued from rollgang 4 to cutting workpiece liquid by cutting workpiece hydraulic press Press conveys, and cutting workpiece hydraulic press 5 continues to cut off, and moves back and forth in this way, until remaining last section of material tail, by subsequent delivery Workpiece ejection.

Workpiece is defeated is continued transported to by rollgang 4 at the position of 2D vision cameras device for detecting length 7 for cut-out, carries out It takes pictures detection, the workpiece for meeting length requirement continues to convey, and the workpiece for not meeting length requirement pushes conveying roller by pusher cylinder In road to waste material frame.Workpiece continues to reach in workpiece punching hydraulic press 8 along rollgang, and by stop positioning mechanism 9 to work Part is positioned, and then workpiece punching hydraulic press is punched out processing to workpiece, and the waste material that punching generates is along workpiece punching hydraulic pressure Machine bottom end rail hole is fallen on waste material carrier chain 12, and the workpiece after punching is ejected by subsequent workpiece, is driven through quick roll, is continued Conveying.

Workpiece continues to reach in workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press 10 along rollgang 4, determines workpiece through stop positioning mechanism 9 Position, workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press carry out jet-bedding processing to workpiece, and the waste material that jet-bedding generates is fallen to along jet-bedding hydraulic press bottom end rail hole On waste material carrier chain 12, the workpiece after jet-bedding is ejected by subsequent workpiece, is driven through quick roll, continues conveying along end rollgang Movement reaches the position of 3D vision camera gaging holes position device 11, carries out detection of taking pictures to workpiece, satisfactory workpiece continues defeated It send to this production line end, undesirable workpiece is pushed by charging cylinder to waste material frame.

Although the preferred embodiment of the present invention is described above in conjunction with attached drawing, the invention is not limited in upper The specific implementation mode stated, the above mentioned embodiment is only schematical, be not it is restrictive, this field it is common Technical staff under the inspiration of the present invention, without breaking away from the scope protected by the purposes and claims of the present invention, may be used also By make it is many in the form of, within these are all belonged to the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line, it is characterised in that:Including material conveying trolley (2), de-stacking device (1), Turnover device (3), rollgang (4), cutting workpiece hydraulic press (5), mould changing device (6), 2D vision camera device for detecting length (7), workpiece punching hydraulic press (8), workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press (10), stop positioning mechanism (9), the inspection of 3D vision camera hole sizes It surveys device (11) and discard transfer apparatus (12), the de-stacking device, rollgang, cutting workpiece hydraulic press, changes turnover device Mold device, 2D vision cameras device for detecting length, workpiece punching hydraulic press, workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press, stop positioning mechanism and 3D Vision camera hole size detection device is controlled by PLC master controllers;
The side of described rollgang (4) one end is equipped with material conveying trolley (2) and guide rail (13), is equipped in the top of material conveying trolley Workpiece can be picked up to the de-stacking device (1) on turnover device or rollgang, being equipped with positioned at material conveying trolley side can be by workpiece Carry out the turnover device (3) of 180 ° of overturnings;The lower margin of the de-stacking device (1) is fixedly mounted on the ground, and the turnover device (3) is solid Mounted in the side of rollgang (4) frame body;The feed end of the rollgang other end docking cutting workpiece hydraulic press (5), institute It states cutting workpiece hydraulic press exit side and is provided with stop positioning mechanism (9), discharging transporting chain plate device, rollgang (4) and 2D Vision camera device for detecting length (7), the rollgang positioned at cutting workpiece hydraulic press exit side is to being connected to workpiece punching hydraulic pressure Machine (8) is equipped with stop positioning mechanism (9) in workpiece punching hydraulic press exit side and rollgang (4), the rollgang is another End is equipped with stop positioning mechanism (9), conveying roller to being connected to workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press (10), in the exit side of workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press Road (4), 3D vision camera hole size detection devices (11) and discard transfer apparatus (12), in cutting workpiece hydraulic press, workpiece It is respectively arranged with mould changing device (6) on the side of punching hydraulic press and workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press.
2. fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The de-stacking device (1) include the de-stacking device frame body (1-1) for being packed in ground, moving beam (1-2), sucker crossbeam (1-3), lifting driving motor (1-4), rack and pinion drive mechanism (1-5) and travel driving motor (1-6), moving beam (1-2) both ends are fixed with cunning Dynamic guide rail, rail plate seat are connect with moving beam, and rail plate itself is connect with de-stacking device frame body, in moving beam (1- 2) rack and pinion drive mechanism is fixed in side, and rack bottom surface and the sucker crossbeam (1-3) of the rack and pinion drive mechanism connect It connects;It is further fixed on lifting driving motor (1-4) in the side moving beam (1-2), lifting motor output shaft passes through synchronizing shaft (1-9) It is connect with the rack and pinion drive mechanism at both ends;Travel driving motor (1- is fixed on the another side of moving beam (1-2) 6), the output shaft of travel driving motor is connected to by connecting shaft (1-7) on the idler wheel (1-8) at both ends.
3. fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The turnover device (3) include 4 groups of identical switching mechanisms, every group of switching mechanism includes overturning frame body (3-1), left workpiece holder (3-6), right work Part supporting rack (3-3), left tumble cylinder (3-7) and right tumble cylinder (3-2), the overturning frame body (3-1) be packed in ground and On rollgang (4), the left workpiece holder (3-6) is connect by left-handed shaft (3-5) with overturning frame body (3-1), described Right workpiece holder (3-3) is connect by dextral shaft (3-4) with frame body, described left tumble cylinder one end (3-7) and rollover stand Body connects, and the driving end of left tumble cylinder connect with left workpiece holder (3-6), described right tumble cylinder one end (3-2) with turn over Pivoted frame body connects, and the driving end of right tumble cylinder is connect with right workpiece holder (3-3).
4. fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The 2D vision cameras Device for detecting length (7) includes:Holder (7-1), industrial camera (7-2), light source (7-3) and a pair are packed in rollgang frame body On length measurement sensor (7-4), the holder (7-1) is packed on the frame body of rollgang (4), and work is connected in stent ends Industry camera (7-2), the industrial camera (7-2) are suspended on rollgang;It is also associated with and is suspended on the both sides of holder (7-1) Light source (7-3) on rollgang (4).
5. fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The backgauge localization machine Structure (9) is individually fixed in the machine of cutting workpiece hydraulic press, workpiece punching hydraulic press and workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press workpiece discharging direction On body column and upper hang goes out material conveying device mounted on cutting workpiece hydraulic press, workpiece punching hydraulic press and workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press Top;The stop positioning mechanism includes:Supporting frame (9-1), driving motor (9-2), worm-gear speed reducer (9-3), Adjusting screw (9-4), guiding mechanism (9-5) and block (9-6), support frame as described above body (9-1) are packed in cutting workpiece hydraulic press (5), on the fuselage column of workpiece punching hydraulic press (8) and workpiece jet-bedding hydraulic press (10), drive is connected in supporting frame end Dynamic motor (9-2), the output axis connection worm-gear speed reducer (9-3) of the driving motor (9-2), worm-gear speed reducer Output end connects adjusting screw (9-4), and the adjusting screw front end is connected with block (9-6), is provided in adjusting screw both sides Guiding mechanism (9-5).
6. fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The 3D vision cameras Hole size detection device (11) includes the detection support (11-1) being packed on rollgang (4) frame body and a pair of of gaging hole sensing Device (11-5), is fixed with straight line module (11-2) in detection support, and straight line module end is connected with servo motor (11- 3) 3D cameras (11-4), are installed on straight line module.
7. fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The waste material conveying dress Setting (12) includes:Summarize carrier chain (12-5), mirror symmetry is fixed on to summarize and divides carrier chain and use on the ground of carrier chain both sides Divide the motor (12-6) that carrier chain operates in driving, it is described to summarize carrier chain and divide carrier chain vertical arrangement, it is described to divide carrier chain Including frame body (12-1), conveyor chain (12-2), transporting chain plate (12-3) and supporting guide (12-4), run through among the frame body There is conveyor chain, frame body medial surface is provided with supporting guide, transporting chain plate is housed on the conveyor chain.
CN201610712741.1A 2016-08-24 2016-08-24 Fully-automatic intelligent creeper tread blanking line CN106424326B (en)

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CN106925665B (en) * 2017-04-21 2018-08-31 金华辉煌三联工具实业有限公司 A kind of guide plate stamping line
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CN111702093A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-09-25 索特传动设备有限公司 Creeper tread turnover mechanism and creeper tread press line

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