CN106416712A - Method for promoting watermelon fruit setting - Google Patents

Method for promoting watermelon fruit setting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106416712A
CN106416712A CN201610879912.XA CN201610879912A CN106416712A CN 106416712 A CN106416712 A CN 106416712A CN 201610879912 A CN201610879912 A CN 201610879912A CN 106416712 A CN106416712 A CN 106416712A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
branch
watermelon
citrullus vulgariss
setting
pollination
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610879912.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陶抵辉
邓沛怡
武凝玲
李小红
黄新文
姜放军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hunan Biological and Electromechanical Polytechnic
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Hunan Biological and Electromechanical Polytechnic
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Publication date
Application filed by Hunan Biological and Electromechanical Polytechnic filed Critical Hunan Biological and Electromechanical Polytechnic
Priority to CN201610879912.XA priority Critical patent/CN106416712A/en
Publication of CN106416712A publication Critical patent/CN106416712A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H1/00Processes for modifying genotypes ; Plants characterised by associated natural traits
    • A01H1/02Methods or apparatus for hybridisation; Artificial pollination ; Fertility

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Botany (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Genetics & Genomics (AREA)
  • Developmental Biology & Embryology (AREA)
  • Agricultural Chemicals And Associated Chemicals (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for promoting watermelon fruit setting. The method comprises the following steps: in a watermelon flowering and pollination season, performing normal artificial assisted pollination on watermelon branches which have long and steep plants and on which female flowers flower; flatly twisting or flattening or distorting the branches in positions where each of the pollinated female flower branches is 4-6 cm away from a corresponding top growth point to prevent nutrients from being continuously transported to the top growth point and further guide the nutrients to be concentrated towards the pollinated female flowers, so that the fruit setting is promoted, pollinated watermelon female flower fruits are stably set after 3-5 days, wounds are healed, continuous growth is realized, the watermelon fruit nutrition area is enlarged, fruit expansion is prompted, and the yield is improved; if the fruits are still not set after watermelon treatment, after the flatly twisted or flattened or distorted branches restore to grow, the female flowers can flower again, and the fruits are continuously set. The method provided by the invention has the benefits that under the situation that the watermelon plants are long and steep, the watermelon fruit setting rate can be increased by 60% or above, and the yield of watermelons is improved by 40% or above.

Description

A kind of method for promoting Citrullus vulgariss setting
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method for promoting Citrullus vulgariss setting, belongs to field of agricultural production technologies.
Background technology
In Citrullus vulgariss production process, sometimes because soil fertility, fertilizer type, fertilizing time and the improper or weather of method etc. Reason, the phenomenon for causing Citrullus vulgariss plant excessive growth (nutrient growth is excessively vigorous), seat not to live fruit occurs, and is used mostly in production Water and fertilizer control, the method promotion setting for spraying paclobutrazol, using setting agent, bee pollination or artificial supplementary pollination, plant in Citrullus vulgariss Above-mentioned measure is adopted in the case of strain excessive growth, effect is all not ideal enough, be only capable of improving percentage of fertile fruit 5-10%.
Content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of side for promoting Citrullus vulgariss setting Method, suppresses Citrullus vulgariss plant excessive growth, promotes Citrullus vulgariss setting, improves percentage of fertile fruit.
The present invention solves the technical scheme of its technical problem employing, a kind of method for promoting Citrullus vulgariss setting, specifically includes Following steps:
Bloom pollination season in Citrullus vulgariss, for the Citrullus vulgariss branch for having female flower of plant excessive growth, in normal artificial supplementary pollination(I.e. Artificial male flower of plucking gently is applied on female chapiter)Afterwards, in pollination female flower branch away from apical growing point 4-6 cm(It is preferred that 5cm) Place, branch is twisted with the fingers flat or is flattened or distortion (make which injured but do not break).As such, it is possible to prevent nutrition from continuing to apical growing point Transport, and then guide nutrient substance to pollination female flower concentration, so as to promote setting, branch is twisted with the fingers 35 after flat or flattening or distortion My god, Citrullus vulgariss pollinate female flowers fruit seat surely, branch wound healing, and continued growth expands Watermelon Fruit room(Leaf area), promote Enter Fruit, improve yield.If Citrullus vulgariss setting not yet after treatment, its twist with the fingers flat flatten or distortion branch restoration ecosystem After can open female flower again, continue setting.
The method in the case of Citrullus vulgariss plant excessive growth, promote setting excellent effect, can improve Citrullus vulgariss percentage of fertile fruit 60% with On.The yield of watermelon can improve more than 40%.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
The method of the promotion Citrullus vulgariss setting of the present embodiment, specifically includes following steps:
In early June, 2015, MiLuo, bloom pollination season in Citrullus vulgariss, for the Citrullus vulgariss branch for having female flower of plant excessive growth, Normal artificial supplementary pollination(Manually pluck male flower to be gently applied on female chapiter)Afterwards, in pollination female flower branch away from apical growth At point 5cm, branch is flattened (make which injured but do not break), so, prevent nutrition from continuing to transport to apical growing point, Jin Eryin Nutrient substance is led to pollination female flower concentration, so as to promote setting, after branch is flattened 5 days, Citrullus vulgariss pollinate female flowers fruit seat surely, branch Wound healing, continued growth, expand Watermelon Fruit room(Leaf area), promote Fruit, improve yield.
The method promotes setting excellent effect, can improve Citrullus vulgariss percentage of fertile fruit 62% in the case of Citrullus vulgariss plant excessive growth.West Melon output increased 50%.
Embodiment 2
The method of the promotion Citrullus vulgariss setting of the present embodiment, specifically includes following steps:
In late May, 2015, Changsha, bloom pollination season in Citrullus vulgariss, plant excessive growth is had to the Citrullus vulgariss branch of female flower, just Often artificial supplementary pollination(Manually pluck male flower to be gently applied on female chapiter)Afterwards, in pollination female flower branch away from apical growing point At 6 cm, branch is distorted (make its injured but do not break), Citrullus vulgariss setting not yet after 5 days, the branch wound healing of its distortion, extensive Open female flower after demutation length again, newly open the normal artificial supplementary pollination of female flower(Manually pluck male flower to be gently applied on female chapiter) Afterwards, at 6 cm of apical growing point, branch is distorted (make its injured but do not break) newly opening pollination female flower branch, branch is distorted After 5 days, Watermelon Fruit seat is steady, wound healing, restoration ecosystem, expands Watermelon Fruit room(Leaf area), promote fruit swollen Greatly, yield is improved.
The method promotes setting excellent effect in the case of Citrullus vulgariss plant excessive growth, can improve Citrullus vulgariss percentage of fertile fruit 61%.West Melon output increased 45%.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of promote Citrullus vulgariss setting method, it is characterised in that specifically include following steps:
Bloom pollination season in Citrullus vulgariss, for the Citrullus vulgariss branch for having female flower of plant excessive growth, after normal artificial supplementary pollination, In pollination female flower branch at apical growing point 4-6cm, branch is twisted with the fingers flat or is flattened or distortion.
2. the method for promoting Citrullus vulgariss setting according to claim 1, it is characterised in that give birth to away from top in pollination female flower branch At long point 5cm, branch is twisted with the fingers flat or is flattened or distortion.
3. according to claim 1 and 2 promote Citrullus vulgariss setting method, it is characterised in that branch twist with the fingers flat flatten or turn round 35 days after song, Citrullus vulgariss pollinate female flowers fruit seat surely, branch wound healing, continued growth.
4. according to claim 1 and 2 promote Citrullus vulgariss setting method, it is characterised in that if Citrullus vulgariss are after treatment still Non- setting, which opens female flower after twisting with the fingers the flat or branch restoration ecosystem of flattening or distortion again, continues setting.
CN201610879912.XA 2016-10-09 2016-10-09 Method for promoting watermelon fruit setting Pending CN106416712A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610879912.XA CN106416712A (en) 2016-10-09 2016-10-09 Method for promoting watermelon fruit setting

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610879912.XA CN106416712A (en) 2016-10-09 2016-10-09 Method for promoting watermelon fruit setting

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106416712A true CN106416712A (en) 2017-02-22

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CN201610879912.XA Pending CN106416712A (en) 2016-10-09 2016-10-09 Method for promoting watermelon fruit setting

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CN (1) CN106416712A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106962041A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-07-21 江苏沿海地区农业科学研究所 A kind of prosperous method for increasing pod of broad bean control and application

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1965622A (en) * 2005-11-15 2007-05-23 李刚 Novel watermelon cultivation process in early spring
CN102282987A (en) * 2011-06-10 2011-12-21 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Cultivation method for premature small watermelon
CN102939849A (en) * 2012-12-03 2013-02-27 彭岩 High-yield planting method for watermelons
CN104982216A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-10-21 蔡鹏� Method for cultivating watermelons with mulch film
CN105027924A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-11 德清新田农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of small watermelons utilizing connected net racks in greenhouse

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1965622A (en) * 2005-11-15 2007-05-23 李刚 Novel watermelon cultivation process in early spring
CN102282987A (en) * 2011-06-10 2011-12-21 南京市蔬菜科学研究所 Cultivation method for premature small watermelon
CN102939849A (en) * 2012-12-03 2013-02-27 彭岩 High-yield planting method for watermelons
CN105027924A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-11 德清新田农业科技有限公司 Cultivation method of small watermelons utilizing connected net racks in greenhouse
CN104982216A (en) * 2015-08-07 2015-10-21 蔡鹏� Method for cultivating watermelons with mulch film

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
褚丽丽: "《西瓜的高产栽培技术》", 《现代农业》 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106962041A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-07-21 江苏沿海地区农业科学研究所 A kind of prosperous method for increasing pod of broad bean control and application

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Application publication date: 20170222