CN106386308A - One-season late rice and one-season freshwater shrimp rotation integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income - Google Patents

One-season late rice and one-season freshwater shrimp rotation integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106386308A
CN106386308A CN201610799310.3A CN201610799310A CN106386308A CN 106386308 A CN106386308 A CN 106386308A CN 201610799310 A CN201610799310 A CN 201610799310A CN 106386308 A CN106386308 A CN 106386308A
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China
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haan
parts
water
macrobrachium nipponensis
rice
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CN201610799310.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
俞爱萍
柴继芳
周洵
陈冬林
章星明
奚业文
杨丽丽
谢满华
沈蓓杰
庞红金
张年军
苏文霞
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陈冬林
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Priority to CN201610799310.3A priority Critical patent/CN106386308A/en
Publication of CN106386308A publication Critical patent/CN106386308A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

The invention discloses a one-season late rice and one-season freshwater shrimp rotation integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing the grain income and increasing the fishery income. The method includes the following steps: A, rice field selection and reconstruction; B, freshwater shrimp breeding: B1, cleaning and disinfecting; B2, water adding and fertilizing; B3, water plant transplanting; B4, young shrimp stocking; B5, feeding: scattering freshwater shrimp particle fodder, wherein the feeding amount of the freshwater shrimp particle fodder is 2/3 of the total amount of the freshwater shrimp particle fodder after 4 p.m.; B6, water quality and level regulation; C, late rice planting: C1, clearing weed in a rice field in the middle ten days of June after freshwater shrimps are caught completely, flatting the rice field, and sowing late rice seeds in a direct-sowing planting manner, wherein the sowing amount is 2-3 Kg/667 m<2>; and C2, keeping a field surface wet from seed germination to a two-leaf stage, watering rice seedlings to immerse seedling plates during a two-leaf one-heart stage, and applying a fertilizer for tillering. The one-season late rice and one-season freshwater shrimp rotation integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing the grain income and increasing the fishery income can effectively reduce the planting cost of the late rice and the breeding cost of the freshwater shrimps, and can effectively improve the yield and the quality of the late rice and the freshwater shrimps.

Description

A kind of steady grain increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of crop rotation breeding, more particularly, to a kind of steady grain increasing one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation of late rice Breeding associated methods.
Background technology
Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) is the Freshwater shrimps of high-quality.Its fine and tender taste, delicious flavour, nutritious, it is the water of high protein and low fat Produce food.Astacus are distributed widely in rivers, lake, reservoir and pond.In astacus body, a kind of critically important material is exactly that shrimp is blue or green Element, it is a kind of antioxidant, is widely used in cosmetics, food adds and medicine.
Planting environment in growth course for the Oryza sativa L. is identical with the growing environment of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), and the environment of paddy growth contain rich Rich algae and insecticide, can provide abundant nutrient substance for Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), and waste produced by Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) growth can be water Rice provides abundant nutriment, and Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) can be effectively improved the planting environment of Oryza sativa L., improves yield and the quality of Oryza sativa L..Therefore profit A kind of steady grain increasing one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice of breeding exploitation of making altogether with Oryza sativa L. and Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) are current The problem of prior art urgent need to resolve.
Content of the invention
For solving technical problem present in background technology, the present invention proposes a kind of steady grain and increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) of late rice Crop rotation breeding associated methods, can effectively reduce the planting cost of late rice and the aquaculture cost of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), effectively increase simultaneously again The yield of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) and Oryza sativa L. and quality.
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation;
B, shrimp culture:
B1, level sterilization:After rice harvesting, clear up Caulis et Folium Oryzae, lime water of splashing carries out disinfection;
B2, water inlet fertilising:After leveling sterilization 3-4 days, the deep clear water of 0.5-0.7m in filling, and every 667m2Apply 100- The Chicken dung of 150kg and the carbamide of 4-6kg, splash in land for growing field crops and corner;
B3, transplanting pasture and water:Transplant pasture and water in big Tanaka;
B4, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:Put shrimp species at the beginning of 2 months in a suitable place to breed by the end of January, every 667m2Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) kind 3.0-3.5 of stocking size 2-4cm Ten thousand tails;
B5, throwing are raised:Splash Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet, daily inventory is the 3-6% of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) weight, during afternoon 4 after, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) The feeding volume of grain feedstuff is the 2/3 of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet total amount, is thrown on surrounding phytal zone and attachment with dissipating;
B6, water quality water level management:Cultivation early stage, every water filling in 3-5 days 1 time, progressively increases shrimp ponds water level;Middle and late stage is weekly Water filling 1 time, each 6-10cm;Splashed every 20-30 days slurryings with 8-12ppm quick lime during cultivation;
C, late rice plantation:
After C1, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) mid-June have caught, clear up paddy land weed, after flat tillage plate, every 667m in the way of direct sowing culture2 Sowing 2-3kg late rice kind;
Before C2, seed holder bud to two leaf stage, keep field face to moisten, two leaves wholeheartedly when pour water upper seedling plate, apply rush fetilizer for tillering, promote tiller Fertile dose is 12-13kg/667m2.
Preferably, in A, rice field selects to be specially with transformation:Selection field is low-lying, water and soil resources mate, are evenly distributed The field field in flakes easily transformed, field surrounding is excavated circular groove and is simultaneously built a dam, a width of 1-2m of circular groove, and the depth of circular groove is 0.2-0.3m, dam Height be 0.7-0.8m, enter discharge outlet 60-80 mesh silk cover filtering intercept.
Preferably, in B1, the amount of splashing of lime water is 35-45kg/667m2.
Preferably, in B3, pasture and water are hydrilla verticillata, hornwort or water peanut.
Preferably, in B5, the raw material of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet includes by weight:Semen Maydis powder 25-45 part, potato residues 15- 35 parts, treaster 10-30 part, fish flour 3-9 part, lucerne grass of last year powder 2-12 part, Sargassum powder 10-40 part, oil cake of flax seed 15-35 part, Testa oryzae 2-8 part, rapeseed meal 3-9 part, pine needle powder 2-5 part, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 3-6 part, calcium hydrogen phosphate 4-8 part, sodium diacetate 2-5 part, conch meal 3-5 part, sweet potato powder 2-8 part, Bulbus Allii powder 2-6 part, vitamin premix 2-5 part, mineral substance premix 2-8 part, Pleurotus eryngii bacterium 1-6 Part.
Preferably, in B5, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet is prepared by following technique:By Testa oryzae, rapeseed meal, pine needle powder, Pupa bombycises Powder, calcium hydrogen phosphate, sodium diacetate, conch meal and sweet potato powder co-grinding, obtain material d, to thing after then crossing 100-200 mesh sieve Semen Maydis powder, potato residues, treaster, fish flour, lucerne grass of last year powder, Sargassum powder, oil cake of flax seed, Bulbus Allii powder, vitamin premix is added in material d Material, mineral substance premix and Pleurotus eryngii bacterium, in the 45-55 DEG C of 10-20d that ferments, are dried, pelletize obtains Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet.
Preferably, in C2, the raw material promoting fetilizer for tillering includes by weight:Chicken manure 60-120 part, corn straw 30-40 part, Plant ash 5-15 part, manioc waste 3-9 part, bean cake powder 4-8 part, potassium breeze 1-5 part, Semen Ricini cake 3-6 part, furfural dregs 1-5 part, nitrogenous fertilizer 1-3 part, boric acid 2-4 part, ammonium nitrate 4-8 part, carbamide 2-9 part, zinc sulfate 4-6 part, magnesium potassium sulfate 2-6 part, calcium superphosphate 3-4 Part, function bacterium 3-5 part, stalk fermentation microbial inoculum 1-2 part, Chinese medicine dreg 40-60 part, cellulase 2-5 part, brown sugar 1-3 part, soil Conditioner 3-9 part.
Preferably, in C2, promote fetilizer for tillering and be prepared by following technique:By chicken manure, corn straw, plant ash, manioc waste, After bean cake powder, potassium breeze, Semen Ricini cake, furfural dregs and Chinese medicine dreg dry in the sun, it is crushed to particle diameter and obtains material a for 5-10mm;By thing Material a, nitrogenous fertilizer, boric acid, ammonium nitrate, carbamide, zinc sulfate, magnesium potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate and soil conditioner mix homogeneously, add water tune Section water content obtains material b to 50-60wt%;Brown sugar is soluble in water, add cellulase, the mixing of stalk fermentation microbial inoculum all Material c is obtained after even;Material c is added mix homogeneously in material b to be fermented, followed by aging, it is dried to obtain material d;By work( Can stir in bacterium addition material d, pelletize obtains promoting fetilizer for tillering.
Preferably, in C2, promote in the raw material of fetilizer for tillering, the raw material of soil conditioner includes by weight:Herba Medicaginiss juice 5-15 Part, Chinese chive juice 3-6 part, wood vinegar 2-5 part, cabbage juice 1-4 part, radish Juice 4-8 part, Sucus Allii Fistulosi 2-5 part, plant ash 3-6 part, mushroom Juice 2-5 part.
A kind of steady grain of the present invention increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, comprises the steps:A、 Rice field selects and transformation;B, shrimp culture:B1, level sterilization;B2, water inlet fertilising;B3, transplanting pasture and water;B4, seed are put in a suitable place to breed;B5、 Throwing is raised:Splash Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet, during afternoon 4 after, the feeding volume of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet is the 2/3 of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet total amount; B6, water quality water level management;C, late rice plantation:After C1, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) mid-June have caught, clear up paddy land weed, after flat tillage plate, with straight Broadcast the every 667m of mode of cultivation2Sowing 2-3kg late rice kind;Before C2, seed holder bud to two leaf stage, field face is kept to moisten, two leaves one Pour water during the heart upper seedling plate, apply rush fetilizer for tillering.Wherein, during throwing is raised, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet is with Semen Maydis powder, potato residues, Fructus Vitis viniferae Slag, fish flour, lucerne grass of last year powder, Sargassum powder, oil cake of flax seed, Testa oryzae, rapeseed meal, pine needle powder, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, calcium hydrogen phosphate, sodium diacetate, shellfish Shell powder, sweet potato powder, Bulbus Allii powder, vitamin premix, mineral substance premix and Pleurotus eryngii bacterium are raw material, by fermentation with pelletize system For obtaining, it is that the growth of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) provides rich in protein, starch, cellulose, vitamin, mineral and probiotic bacteria, promote The growth of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) and resistances against diseases, improve yield and the quality of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan).In late rice plantation, promote fetilizer for tillering with chicken manure, Semen Maydiss Straw, plant ash, manioc waste, bean cake powder, potassium breeze, Semen Ricini cake, furfural dregs, nitrogenous fertilizer, boric acid, ammonium nitrate, carbamide, zinc sulfate, Magnesium potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate, function bacterium, stalk fermentation microbial inoculum, Chinese medicine dreg, cellulase, brown sugar and soil conditioner are former Material, by fermentation, pelletize obtains, and can be that the growth of Oryza sativa L. provides abundant nutrient, has promoted the growth of Oryza sativa L. it is therefore prevented that rice field Hardened.The steady grain of the present invention increases the plantation that one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice can effectively reduce late rice Cost and the aquaculture cost of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan), effectively increase yield and the quality of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) and Oryza sativa L. simultaneously again.
Specific embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail it should be appreciated that embodiment is served only for this is described Bright, rather than be used for limiting the invention, any modification made on the basis of the present invention, equivalent etc. are all at this In bright protection domain.
Embodiment 1
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation:Selection field is low-lying, water and soil resources coupling, the field field in flakes of the easy transformation that is evenly distributed; Field surrounding is excavated circular groove and is built a dam, and enters discharge outlet and is intercepted with 70 mesh silk cover filterings, wherein a width of 1.5m of circular groove, the depth of circular groove For 0.25m, the height on dam is 0.75m;
B, shrimp culture:
B1, level sterilization:After rice harvesting, clear up Caulis et Folium Oryzae, lime water of splashing carries out disinfection, wherein lime water The amount of splashing is 40kg/667m2
B2, water inlet fertilising:After leveling sterilization 3 days, the deep clear water of 0.6m in filling, and every 667m2Apply the chicken of becoming thoroughly decomposed of 12kg Excrement and the carbamide of 5kg, splash in land for growing field crops and corner;
B3, transplanting pasture and water:Transplant hydrilla verticillata in big Tanaka;
B4, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:Put shrimp species in a suitable place to breed by the end of January, every 667m2Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) kind 3.25 ten thousand tail of stocking size 3cm;
B5, throwing are raised:Splash Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet, daily inventory is the 4.5% of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) weight, during afternoon 4 after, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) The feeding volume of grain feedstuff is the 2/3 of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet total amount, throws on surrounding phytal zone and attachment to dissipate, wherein Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) Grain feedstuff is prepared by following technique:By weight by 5 parts of Testa oryzaes, 6 parts of rapeseed meal, 3.5 parts of pine needle powder, 4.5 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 6 parts of calcium hydrogen phosphate, 3.5 parts of sodium diacetate, 4 parts of conch meals and 5 parts of sweet potato powder co-grindings, obtain thing after then crossing 150 mesh sieve Material d, add in material d 35 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 25 parts of potato residues, 20 parts of treasters, 6 parts of fish flour, 7 parts of lucerne grass of last year powder, 25 parts Sargassum powder, 25 parts of oil cake of flax seed, 4 parts of Bulbus Allii powder, 3.5 parts of vitamin premixs, 5 parts of mineral substance premixes and 3.5 parts of Pleurotus eryngii bacterium, In 50 DEG C of 15d that ferment, it is dried, pelletize obtains Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet;
B6, water quality water level management:Cultivation early stage, every water filling in 4 days 1 time, progressively increases shrimp ponds water level;Middle and late stage is noted weekly Water 1 time, each 8cm;Splashed every 25 days slurryings with 10ppm quick lime during cultivation;
C, late rice plantation:
After C1, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) mid-June have caught, clear up paddy land weed, after flat tillage plate, every 667m in the way of direct sowing culture2 Sowing 2.5kg late rice kind;
Before C2, seed holder bud to two leaf stage, keep field face to moisten, two leaves wholeheartedly when pour water upper seedling plate, apply rush fetilizer for tillering, promote tiller Fertile dose is 12.5kg/667m2, wherein promote fetilizer for tillering and be prepared by following technique:By weight by 80 parts of chicken manures, 35 parts Corn straw, 10 parts of plant ash, 6 parts of manioc wastes, 6 parts of bean cake powders, 3 parts of potassium breezes, 4.5 parts of Semen Ricini cakes, 3 parts of furfural dregs and 50 parts After Chinese medicine dreg dry in the sun, it is crushed to particle diameter and obtains material a for 7.5mm;By material a, 2 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 3 parts of boric acid, 6 parts of ammonium nitrates, 5.5 parts of carbamide, 5 parts of zinc sulfate, 4 parts of magnesium potassium sulfate, 3.5 parts of calcium superphosphate and 6 parts of soil conditioner mix homogeneously, add water regulation Water content obtains material b to 55wt%;Will be soluble in water for 2 portions of brown sugar, add 3.5 parts of cellulase, 1.5 parts of stalk fermentation bacterium Material c is obtained after agent mix homogeneously;Material c is added mix homogeneously in material b to be fermented, followed by aging, it is dried to obtain thing Material d;4 parts of function bacterium are added in material d and stirs, pelletize obtains promoting fetilizer for tillering;Wherein, the raw material of soil conditioner is by weight Part includes:10 parts of Herba Medicaginiss juice, 4.5 parts of Chinese chive juice, 3.5 parts of wood vinegar, 2.5 parts of cabbage juice, 6 parts of radish Juice, 3.5 parts of Sucus Allii Fistulosi, vegetation Grey 4.5 parts, 3.5 parts of mushroom juice.
Embodiment 2
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation:Selection field is low-lying, water and soil resources coupling, the field field in flakes of the easy transformation that is evenly distributed; Field surrounding is excavated circular groove and is built a dam, and enters discharge outlet and is intercepted with 60 mesh silk cover filterings, wherein a width of 2m of circular groove, the depth of circular groove is 0.2m, the height on dam is 0.8m;
B, shrimp culture:
B1, level sterilization:After rice harvesting, clear up Caulis et Folium Oryzae, lime water of splashing carries out disinfection, wherein lime water The amount of splashing is 35kg/667m2
B2, water inlet fertilising:After leveling sterilization 4 days, the deep clear water of 0.5m in filling, and every 667m2Apply the chicken of becoming thoroughly decomposed of 150kg Excrement and the carbamide of 4kg, splash in land for growing field crops and corner;
B3, transplanting pasture and water:Transplant hornwort in big Tanaka;
B4, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:Shrimp species are put in a suitable place to breed, every 667m at the beginning of 2 months2Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) kind 3.0 ten thousand tail of stocking size 4cm;
B5, throwing are raised:Splash Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet, daily inventory is the 6% of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) weight, during afternoon 4 after, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) granule The feeding volume of feedstuff is the 2/3 of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet total amount, throws on surrounding phytal zone and attachment to dissipate, wherein Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) granule Feedstuff is prepared by following technique:By weight by 2 parts of Testa oryzaes, 9 parts of rapeseed meal, 2 parts of pine needle powder, 6 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 4 parts of phosphorus Sour hydrogen calcium, 5 parts of sodium diacetate, 3 parts of conch meals and 8 parts of sweet potato powder co-grindings, obtain material d, to thing after then crossing 100 mesh sieve Add in material d 45 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 15 parts of potato residues, 30 parts of treasters, 3 parts of fish flour, 12 parts of lucerne grass of last year powder, 10 portions of Sargassum powder, 35 parts of oil cake of flax seed, 2 parts of Bulbus Allii powder, 5 parts of vitamin premixs, 2 parts of mineral substance premixes and 6 parts of Pleurotus eryngii bacterium, ferment in 45 DEG C 20d, is dried, and pelletize obtains Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet;
B6, water quality water level management:Cultivation early stage, every water filling in 3 days 1 time, progressively increases shrimp ponds water level;Middle and late stage is noted weekly Water 1 time, each 10cm;Splashed every 30 days slurryings with 8ppm quick lime during cultivation;
C, late rice plantation:
After C1, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) mid-June have caught, clear up paddy land weed, after flat tillage plate, every 667m in the way of direct sowing culture2 Sowing 2kg late rice kind;
Before C2, seed holder bud to two leaf stage, keep field face to moisten, two leaves wholeheartedly when pour water upper seedling plate, apply rush fetilizer for tillering, promote tiller Fertile dose is 13kg/667m2, wherein promote fetilizer for tillering and be prepared by following technique:By weight by 60 parts of chicken manures, 40 parts of jade Rice straw, 5 parts of plant ash, 9 parts of manioc wastes, 4 parts of bean cake powders, 5 parts of potassium breezes, 3 parts of Semen Ricini cakes, 5 parts of furfural dregs and 40 parts of Chinese medicines After medicinal residues dry in the sun, it is crushed to particle diameter and obtains material a for 10mm;By material a, 1 part of nitrogenous fertilizer, 4 parts of boric acid, 4 parts of ammonium nitrates, 9 parts of urine Element, 4 parts of zinc sulfate, 6 parts of magnesium potassium sulfate, 3 parts of calcium superphosphate and 9 parts of soil conditioner mix homogeneously, add water regulation water content to 50wt% obtains material b;Will be soluble in water for 3 portions of brown sugar, add 2 parts of cellulase, after 2 parts of stalk fermentation microbial inoculum mix homogeneously Obtain material c;Material c is added mix homogeneously in material b to be fermented, followed by aging, it is dried to obtain material d;By 3 parts of functions Stir in bacterium addition material d, pelletize obtains promoting fetilizer for tillering;Wherein, the raw material of soil conditioner includes by weight:Herba Medicaginiss juice 5 parts, 6 parts of Chinese chive juice, 2 parts of wood vinegar, 4 parts of cabbage juice, 4 parts of radish Juice, 5 parts of Sucus Allii Fistulosi, 3 parts of plant ash, 5 parts of mushroom juice.
Embodiment 3
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation:Selection field is low-lying, water and soil resources coupling, the field field in flakes of the easy transformation that is evenly distributed; Field surrounding is excavated circular groove and is built a dam, and enters discharge outlet and is intercepted with 80 mesh silk cover filterings, wherein a width of 1m of circular groove, the depth of circular groove is 0.3m, the height on dam is 0.7m;
B, shrimp culture:
B1, level sterilization:After rice harvesting, clear up Caulis et Folium Oryzae, lime water of splashing carries out disinfection, wherein lime water The amount of splashing is 45kg/667m2
B2, water inlet fertilising:After leveling sterilization 3 days, the deep clear water of 0.7m in filling, and every 667m2Apply the chicken of becoming thoroughly decomposed of 100kg Excrement and the carbamide of 6kg, splash in land for growing field crops and corner;
B3, transplanting pasture and water:Transplant water peanut in big Tanaka;
B4, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:Shrimp species are put in a suitable place to breed, every 667m at the beginning of 2 months2Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) kind 3.5 ten thousand tail of stocking size 2cm;
B5, throwing are raised:Splash Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet, daily inventory is the 6% of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) weight, during afternoon 4 after, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) granule The feeding volume of feedstuff is the 2/3 of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet total amount, throws on surrounding phytal zone and attachment to dissipate, wherein Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) granule Feedstuff is prepared by following technique:By weight by 8 parts of Testa oryzaes, 3 parts of rapeseed meal, 5 parts of pine needle powder, 3 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 8 parts of phosphorus Sour hydrogen calcium, 2 parts of sodium diacetate, 5 parts of conch meals and 2 parts of sweet potato powder co-grindings, obtain material d, to thing after then crossing 200 mesh sieve Add in material d 25 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 35 parts of potato residues, 10 parts of treasters, 9 parts of fish flour, 2 parts of lucerne grass of last year powder, 40 portions of Sargassum powder, 15 Part oil cake of flax seed, 6 parts of Bulbus Allii powder, 2 parts of vitamin premixs, 8 parts of mineral substance premixes and 1 part of Pleurotus eryngii bacterium, ferment in 55 DEG C 10d, is dried, and pelletize obtains Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet;
B6, water quality water level management:Cultivation early stage, every water filling in 5 days 1 time, progressively increases shrimp ponds water level;Middle and late stage is noted weekly Water 1 time, each 6cm;Splashed every 20 days slurryings with 12ppm quick lime during cultivation;
C, late rice plantation:
After C1, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) mid-June have caught, clear up paddy land weed, after flat tillage plate, every 667m in the way of direct sowing culture2 Sowing 3kg late rice kind;
Before C2, seed holder bud to two leaf stage, keep field face to moisten, two leaves wholeheartedly when pour water upper seedling plate, apply rush fetilizer for tillering, promote tiller Fertile dose is 12kg/667m2, wherein promote fetilizer for tillering and be prepared by following technique:By weight by 120 parts of chicken manures, 30 parts In corn straw, 15 parts of plant ash, 3 parts of manioc wastes, 8 parts of bean cake powders, 1 part of potassium breeze, 6 parts of Semen Ricini cakes, 1 part of furfural dregs and 60 parts After medicine medicinal residues dry in the sun, it is crushed to particle diameter and obtains material a for 5mm;By material a, 3 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 2 parts of boric acid, 8 parts of ammonium nitrates, 2 parts of urine Element, 6 parts of zinc sulfate, 2 parts of magnesium potassium sulfate, 4 parts of calcium superphosphate and 3 parts of soil conditioner mix homogeneously, add water regulation water content to 60wt% obtains material b;Will be soluble in water for 1 portion of brown sugar, add 5 parts of cellulase, after 1 part of stalk fermentation microbial inoculum mix homogeneously Obtain material c;Material c is added mix homogeneously in material b to be fermented, followed by aging, it is dried to obtain material d;By 5 parts of functions Stir in bacterium addition material d, pelletize obtains promoting fetilizer for tillering;Wherein, the raw material of soil conditioner includes by weight:Herba Medicaginiss juice 15 parts, 3 parts of Chinese chive juice, 5 parts of wood vinegar, 1 part of cabbage juice, 8 parts of radish Juice, 2 parts of Sucus Allii Fistulosi, 6 parts of plant ash, 2 parts of mushroom juice.
Embodiment 4
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation:Selection field is low-lying, water and soil resources coupling, the field field in flakes of the easy transformation that is evenly distributed; Field surrounding is excavated circular groove and is built a dam, and enters discharge outlet and is intercepted with 65 mesh silk cover filterings, wherein a width of 1.8m of circular groove, the depth of circular groove For 0.22m, the height on dam is 0.78m;
B, shrimp culture:
B1, level sterilization:After rice harvesting, clear up Caulis et Folium Oryzae, lime water of splashing carries out disinfection, wherein lime water The amount of splashing is 38kg/667m2
B2, water inlet fertilising:After leveling sterilization 4 days, the deep clear water of 0.55m in filling, and every 667m2Apply becoming thoroughly decomposed of 140kg Chicken manure and the carbamide of 4.5kg, splash in land for growing field crops and corner;
B3, transplanting pasture and water:Transplant hydrilla verticillata in big Tanaka;
B4, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:Shrimp species are put in a suitable place to breed, every 667m at the beginning of 2 months2Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) kind 3.1 ten thousand tail of stocking size 3.5cm;
B5, throwing are raised:Splash Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet, daily inventory is the 5% of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) weight, during afternoon 4 after, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) granule The feeding volume of feedstuff is the 2/3 of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet total amount, throws on surrounding phytal zone and attachment to dissipate, wherein Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) granule Feedstuff is prepared by following technique:By weight by 7 parts of Testa oryzaes, 4 parts of rapeseed meal, 4 parts of pine needle powder, 4 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 7 parts of phosphorus Sour hydrogen calcium, 3 parts of sodium diacetate, 4.5 parts of conch meals and 3 parts of sweet potato powder co-grindings, obtain material d after then crossing 190 mesh sieve, to Add in material d 28 parts of Semen Maydis powder, 32 parts of potato residues, 15 parts of treasters, 8 parts of fish flour, 4 parts of lucerne grass of last year powder, 35 portions of Sargassum powder, 18 parts of oil cake of flax seed, 5 parts of Bulbus Allii powder, 3 parts of vitamin premixs, 7 parts of mineral substance premixes and 2 parts of Pleurotus eryngii bacterium, ferment in 52 DEG C 12d, is dried, and pelletize obtains Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet;
B6, water quality water level management:Cultivation early stage, every water filling in 5 days 1 time, progressively increases shrimp ponds water level;Middle and late stage is noted weekly Water 1 time, each 7cm;Splashed every 22 days slurryings with 11ppm quick lime during cultivation;
C, late rice plantation:
After C1, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) mid-June have caught, clear up paddy land weed, after flat tillage plate, every 667m in the way of direct sowing culture2 Sowing 2.8kg late rice kind;
Before C2, seed holder bud to two leaf stage, keep field face to moisten, two leaves wholeheartedly when pour water upper seedling plate, apply rush fetilizer for tillering, promote tiller Fertile dose is 12.2kg/667m2, wherein promote fetilizer for tillering and be prepared by following technique:By weight by 115 parts of chicken manures, 32 Part corn straw, 12 parts of plant ash, 4 parts of manioc wastes, 7 parts of bean cake powders, 2 parts of potassium breezes, 5 parts of Semen Ricini cakes, 2 parts of furfural dregs and 55 parts After Chinese medicine dreg dry in the sun, it is crushed to particle diameter and obtains material a for 6mm;By material a, 2.5 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 2.5 parts of boric acid, 7 parts of nitric acid Ammonium, 3 parts of carbamide, 5.5 parts of zinc sulfate, 3 parts of magnesium potassium sulfate, 3.8 parts of calcium superphosphate and 4 parts of soil conditioner mix homogeneously, add water Adjust water content and obtain material b to 58wt%;Will be soluble in water for 1.5 portions of brown sugar, add 4 parts of cellulase, 1.2 parts of straws are sent out Material c is obtained after yeast-like fungi agent mix homogeneously;Material c is added mix homogeneously in material b to be fermented, followed by aging, dry To material d;4.5 parts of function bacterium are added in material d and stirs, pelletize obtains promoting fetilizer for tillering;Wherein, the raw material of soil conditioner Include by weight:12 parts of Herba Medicaginiss juice, 4 parts of Chinese chive juice, 4 parts of wood vinegar, 2 parts of cabbage juice, 7 parts of radish Juice, 3 parts of Sucus Allii Fistulosi, plant ash 5 parts, 3 parts of mushroom juice.
Embodiment 5
A kind of steady grain proposed by the present invention increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, walks including following Suddenly:
A, rice field select and transformation:Selection field is low-lying, water and soil resources coupling, the field field in flakes of the easy transformation that is evenly distributed; Field surrounding is excavated circular groove and is built a dam, and enters discharge outlet and is intercepted with 75 mesh silk cover filterings, wherein a width of 1.2m of circular groove, the depth of circular groove For 0.28m, the height on dam is 0.72m;
B, shrimp culture:
B1, level sterilization:After rice harvesting, clear up Caulis et Folium Oryzae, lime water of splashing carries out disinfection, wherein lime water The amount of splashing is 42kg/667m2
B2, water inlet fertilising:After leveling sterilization 3 days, the deep clear water of 0.65m in filling, and every 667m2Apply becoming thoroughly decomposed of 110kg Chicken manure and the carbamide of 5.5kg, splash in land for growing field crops and corner;
B3, transplanting pasture and water:Transplant hornwort in big Tanaka;
B4, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:Put shrimp species in a suitable place to breed by the end of January, every 667m2Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) kind 3.4 ten thousand tail of stocking size 2.5cm;
B5, throwing are raised:Splash Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet, daily inventory is the 4% of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) weight, during afternoon 4 after, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) granule The feeding volume of feedstuff is the 2/3 of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet total amount, throws on surrounding phytal zone and attachment to dissipate, wherein Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) granule Feedstuff is prepared by following technique:By weight by 3 parts of Testa oryzaes, 8 parts of rapeseed meal, 3 parts of pine needle powder, 5 parts of dried silkworm chrysalis meals, 5 parts of phosphorus Sour hydrogen calcium, 4 parts of sodium diacetate, 3.5 parts of conch meals and 7 parts of sweet potato powder co-grindings, obtain material d after then crossing 110 mesh sieve, to 42 portions of Semen Maydis powder, 18 portions of potato residues, 25 portions of treasters, 4 portions of fish flour, 10 portions of lucerne grass of last year powder, 15 portions of Sargassums are added in material d Powder, 32 parts of oil cake of flax seed, 3 parts of Bulbus Allii powder, 4 parts of vitamin premixs, 3 parts of mineral substance premixes and 5 parts of Pleurotus eryngii bacterium, send out in 48 DEG C Ferment 18d, is dried, and pelletize obtains Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet;
B6, water quality water level management:Cultivation early stage, every water filling in 3 days 1 time, progressively increases shrimp ponds water level;Middle and late stage is noted weekly Water 1 time, each 9cm;Splashed every 28 days slurryings with 9ppm quick lime during cultivation;
C, late rice plantation:
After C1, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) mid-June have caught, clear up paddy land weed, after flat tillage plate, every 667m in the way of direct sowing culture2 Sowing 2.2kg late rice kind;
Before C2, seed holder bud to two leaf stage, keep field face to moisten, two leaves wholeheartedly when pour water upper seedling plate, apply rush fetilizer for tillering, promote tiller Fertile dose is 12.8kg/667m2, wherein promote fetilizer for tillering and be prepared by following technique:By weight by 65 parts of chicken manures, 38 parts In corn straw, 8 parts of plant ash, 8 parts of manioc wastes, 5 parts of bean cake powders, 4 parts of potassium breezes, 4 parts of Semen Ricini cakes, 4 parts of furfural dregs and 45 parts After medicine medicinal residues dry in the sun, it is crushed to particle diameter and obtains material a for 9mm;By material a, 1.5 parts of nitrogenous fertilizer, 3.5 parts of boric acid, 5 parts of ammonium nitrates, 8 Part carbamide, 4.5 parts of zinc sulfate, 5 parts of magnesium potassium sulfate, 3.2 parts of calcium superphosphate and 8 parts of soil conditioner mix homogeneously, add water regulation Water content obtains material b to 52wt%;Will be soluble in water for 2.5 portions of brown sugar, add 3 parts of cellulase, 1.8 parts of stalk fermentation bacterium Material c is obtained after agent mix homogeneously;Material c is added mix homogeneously in material b to be fermented, followed by aging, it is dried to obtain thing Material d;3.5 parts of function bacterium are added in material d and stirs, pelletize obtains promoting fetilizer for tillering;Wherein, weight pressed by the raw material of soil conditioner Amount part includes:8 parts of Herba Medicaginiss juice, 5 parts of Chinese chive juice, 3 parts of wood vinegar, 3 parts of cabbage juice, 5 parts of radish Juice, 4 parts of Sucus Allii Fistulosi, 4 parts of plant ash, 4 parts of mushroom juice.
The above, the only present invention preferably specific embodiment, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, Any those familiar with the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technology according to the present invention scheme and its Inventive concept equivalent or change in addition, all should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of steady grain increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice it is characterised in that comprising the steps:
A, rice field select and transformation;
B, shrimp culture:
B1, level sterilization:After rice harvesting, clear up Caulis et Folium Oryzae, lime water of splashing carries out disinfection;
B2, water inlet fertilising:After leveling sterilization 3-4 days, the deep clear water of 0.5-0.7m in filling, and every 667m2Apply 100-150kg's Chicken dung and the carbamide of 4-6kg, splash in land for growing field crops and corner;
B3, transplanting pasture and water:Transplant pasture and water in big Tanaka;
B4, seed are put in a suitable place to breed:Put shrimp species at the beginning of 2 months in a suitable place to breed by the end of January, every 667m2Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) kind 3.0-3.5 ten thousand tail of stocking size 2-4cm;
B5, throwing are raised:Splash Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet, daily inventory is the 3-6% of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) weight, during afternoon 4 after, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) granule is raised The feeding volume of material is the 2/3 of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet total amount, is thrown on surrounding phytal zone and attachment with dissipating;
B6, water quality water level management:Cultivation early stage, every water filling in 3-5 days 1 time, progressively increases shrimp ponds water level;Middle and late stage water filling 1 weekly Secondary, each 6-10cm;Splashed every 20-30 days slurryings with 8-12ppm quick lime during cultivation;
C, late rice plantation:
After C1, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) mid-June have caught, clear up paddy land weed, after flat tillage plate, every 667m in the way of direct sowing culture2Sowing 2- 3kg late rice kind;
Before C2, seed holder bud to two leaf stage, keep field face to moisten, two leaves wholeheartedly when pour water upper seedling plate, apply rush fetilizer for tillering, promote fetilizer for tillering Dose is 12-13kg/667m2.
2. steady grain according to claim 1 increase one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice it is characterised in that In A, rice field selects to be specially with transformation:Selection field is low-lying, water and soil resources mate, the field in flakes of the easy transformation that is evenly distributed Field, field surrounding is excavated circular groove and is built a dam, a width of 1-2m of circular groove, and the depth of circular groove is 0.2-0.3m, and the height on dam is 0.7- 0.8m, enters discharge outlet 60-80 mesh silk cover filtering and intercepts.
3. the steady grain according to claim 1 or 2 any one increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, its It is characterised by, in B1, the amount of splashing of lime water is 35-45kg/667m2.
4. the steady grain according to any one of claim 1-3 increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, its It is characterised by, in B3, pasture and water are hydrilla verticillata, hornwort or water peanut.
5. the steady grain according to any one of claim 1-4 increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, its It is characterised by, in B5, the raw material of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet includes by weight:Semen Maydis powder 25-45 part, potato residues 15-35 part, Portugal Grape slag 10-30 part, fish flour 3-9 part, lucerne grass of last year powder 2-12 part, Sargassum powder 10-40 part, oil cake of flax seed 15-35 part, Testa oryzae 2-8 part, dish Seed dregs of rice 3-9 part, pine needle powder 2-5 part, dried silkworm chrysalis meal 3-6 part, calcium hydrogen phosphate 4-8 part, sodium diacetate 2-5 part, conch meal 3-5 part, red Potato starch 2-8 part, Bulbus Allii powder 2-6 part, vitamin premix 2-5 part, mineral substance premix 2-8 part, Pleurotus eryngii bacterium 1-6 part.
6. the steady grain according to any one of claim 1-5 increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, its It is characterised by, in B5, Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet is prepared by following technique:By Testa oryzae, rapeseed meal, pine needle powder, dried silkworm chrysalis meal, phosphoric acid Hydrogen calcium, sodium diacetate, conch meal and sweet potato powder co-grinding, obtain material d after then crossing 100-200 mesh sieve, add in material d Enter Semen Maydis powder, potato residues, treaster, fish flour, lucerne grass of last year powder, Sargassum powder, oil cake of flax seed, Bulbus Allii powder, vitamin premix, mineral Matter premix material and Pleurotus eryngii bacterium, in the 45-55 DEG C of 10-20d that ferments, are dried, pelletize obtains Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) pellet.
7. the steady grain according to any one of claim 1-6 increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, its It is characterised by, in C2, the raw material promoting fetilizer for tillering includes by weight:Chicken manure 60-120 part, corn straw 30-40 part, plant ash 5-15 part, manioc waste 3-9 part, bean cake powder 4-8 part, potassium breeze 1-5 part, Semen Ricini cake 3-6 part, furfural dregs 1-5 part, nitrogenous fertilizer 1-3 part, Boric acid 2-4 part, ammonium nitrate 4-8 part, carbamide 2-9 part, zinc sulfate 4-6 part, magnesium potassium sulfate 2-6 part, calcium superphosphate 3-4 part, function Bacterium 3-5 part, stalk fermentation microbial inoculum 1-2 part, Chinese medicine dreg 40-60 part, cellulase 2-5 part, brown sugar 1-3 part, soil conditioner 3-9 part.
8. the steady grain according to any one of claim 1-7 increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, its It is characterised by, in C2, promote fetilizer for tillering and be prepared by following technique:By chicken manure, corn straw, plant ash, manioc waste, bean cake After powder, potassium breeze, Semen Ricini cake, furfural dregs and Chinese medicine dreg dry in the sun, it is crushed to particle diameter and obtains material a for 5-10mm;By material a, Nitrogenous fertilizer, boric acid, ammonium nitrate, carbamide, zinc sulfate, magnesium potassium sulfate, calcium superphosphate and soil conditioner mix homogeneously, the regulation that adds water contains The water yield obtains material b to 50-60wt%;Brown sugar is soluble in water, add cellulase, after stalk fermentation microbial inoculum mix homogeneously Obtain material c;Material c is added mix homogeneously in material b to be fermented, followed by aging, it is dried to obtain material d;By function bacterium Add in material d and stir, pelletize obtains promoting fetilizer for tillering.
9. the steady grain according to any one of claim 1-8 increases one season of fishing, one batch of Macrobrachium nipponensis(de Haan) crop rotation breeding associated methods of late rice, its It is characterised by, in C2, promote in the raw material of fetilizer for tillering, the raw material of soil conditioner includes by weight:Herba Medicaginiss juice 5-15 part, Folium Allii tuberosi Juice 3-6 part, wood vinegar 2-5 part, cabbage juice 1-4 part, radish Juice 4-8 part, Sucus Allii Fistulosi 2-5 part, plant ash 3-6 part, mushroom juice 2-5 part.
CN201610799310.3A 2016-08-31 2016-08-31 One-season late rice and one-season freshwater shrimp rotation integral planting and breeding method capable of stabilizing grain income and increasing fishery income CN106386308A (en)

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